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Division of Cultural History Judaica Collection

Donor:
Cohen, Henry, Reverand  Search this
Ahlborn, Richard E.  Search this
Harris, Michael  Search this
Deinard, Ephraim  Search this
Adler, Cyrus, 1863-1940  Search this
Luchs, Leopold  Search this
Lipkowitz, Sylvia E.  Search this
Marks, Michael Neil  Search this
Marks, Cara Goldberg  Search this
Howland, S. S.  Search this
Hartogensis, Henry S.  Search this
Krauss, S., Father  Search this
Kantrowitz, J.H.  Search this
Neeman, Zipora  Search this
Sulzberger, Mayer, 1843-1923  Search this
Sulzberger, S.  Search this
Extent:
22 Cubic feet (32 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Eulogies
Etchings
Lithographs
Letters
Ketubahs
Greeting cards
Prayers
Photographs
Petitions
Manuscripts
Posters
Poems
Proclamations
Prints
Sermons
Sukkah decorations
Wills
Envelopes
Betrothal contracts
Calendars
Receipts
Amulets
Divorce records
Engravings
Certificates
Deeds
Place:
Russia
Palestine
Syria
Slovakia
Crimea
France
India
Israel
Germany
Holland
Italy
Date:
1639-1980
Scope and Contents:
The collection is a compilation of gifts from numerous donors, of documents relating to Judaism in numerous countries and the United States. Documents include betrothal contracts, bills of divorcement, eulogies, memorial plaques, candle labels, Jewish calendars, sukkah decorations, certificates of ritual slaughter, prayers, poems, sermons, and other types of documents.
Arrangement:
Collection is unarranged.
Historical Note:
The Judaica Collection at the Smithsonian is the oldest of its type in the United States. The archival collection is comprised of various documents, prints, sukkah decorations, marriage contracts, and memorial candle labels from Europe and the Middle East. The bulk of the collection was transferred in the 1960's to the National Museum of History and Technology (later, the National Museum of American History). A portion of the collection (artifact-related) still resides in the National Museum of Natural History. For a detailed description of items found in the collection see Cohen Grossman, Grace and Richard Ahlborn. "Judaica at the Smithsonian: Cultural Politics as Cultural Model." Smithsonian Studies in History and Technology, Number 52, 1997.

The first Judaica collections were acquired by the Smithsonian specifically for the World's Columbian Exposition in 1890. The next large Judaica collection was acquired in 1902 with the purchase of a torah case and Sukkah ornaments from Ephraim Deinard, bibliophile, Hebrew author and independent book dealer. A native of Latvia, Deinard immigrated to the United States in 1888. By 1913, Deinard had amassed a large collection of Judaica from Europe and the Middle East. He eventually deposited, between 1920 and 1927, almost 600 objects to the Smithsonian. The collection remained on loan until 1955 when Deinard's heirs donated the collection. It was 10 years later with the opening of the National Museum of History and Technology (National Museum of American History), that there was a renewed interest in collecting Judaica objects. A small number of Judaica objects have been acquired since then. The archival collection is housed at the Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Related Materials:
Cohen Grossman, Grace and Richard Ahlborn. "Judaica at the Smithsonian: Cultural Politics as Cultural Model." Smithsonian Studies in History and Technology, Number 52, 1997.

See: https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/2452
Separated Materials:
This collection has related artifacts in the Division of Home and Community Life.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by the following donors:

J.H. Kantrowitz.,Purchase,1889; Mrs. S. Sulzberger, Gift; Leopold Luchs, Gift; Dr. Cyrus Adler ,Gift; Mayer Sulzberger, Purchase; Rev. Henry Cohen, Gift.,1897; William Wesley and Son, Purchase; Father S. Krauss, Gift.,1902; S.S. Howland, Bequest.,1902; Ephraim Deinard, Purchase.,1902; Mrs. Simon Kann,Gift.,1920; Henry S. Hartogensis,Gift,1920; Ms. L. Lieberman,Gift,1924; Ephraim Deinard,Gift; Cara Goldberg Marks, Michael Neil Marks.,Gift; Michael Harris, Gift, 1982; Richard E. Ahlborn,Gift, 1986; Sylvia E. Lipkowitz, Gift, 1987; and Neeman, Zipora,Gift, 1988.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Jewish funeral rites and ceremonies  Search this
Jewish mourning customs  Search this
Art, Jewish  Search this
Jewish art and symbolism  Search this
Jews -- Social life and customs  Search this
Judaism  Search this
Genre/Form:
Eulogies
Etchings
Lithographs
Letters
Ketubahs
Greeting cards
Prayers
Photographs -- 19th century
Petitions
Manuscripts
Posters
Poems
Proclamations
Prints
Sermons
Sukkah decorations
Wills
Envelopes
Betrothal contracts
Calendars
Receipts
Amulets
Divorce records
Engravings
Certificates
Deeds
Citation:
Division of Cultural History Judaica Collection, 1639-1980, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1160
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Judaica Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1160
Additional Online Media:

Folders 37-38 William Wesley and Son. 1875-1893. (2 folders)

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
See more items in:
William Healey Dall Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e6460

Folders 1-2 William Wesley and Son. 1894-1907. (2 folders)

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
See more items in:
William Healey Dall Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e6478

William Wesley and Son/Wheldon and Wesley, Ltd. (3 folders)

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution, International Exchange Service  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 509, Smithsonian Institution, International Exchange Service, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0509-refd1e7746

Folder 19 William Wesley and Son, 1897-1902

Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7075, , Henderson Family Papers
See more items in:
Henderson Family Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7075-refd1e276

Folder 5 Sale receipts from William Wesley and Son

Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7075, , Henderson Family Papers
See more items in:
Henderson Family Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7075-refd1e839

Robert Stanton Avery Papers

Creator::
Avery, Robert Stanton, 1808-1894  Search this
Extent:
2.93 cu. ft. (2 record storage boxes) (1 document box) (1 12x17 box) (1 oversize folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Clippings
Drawings
Date:
1855-1894
Introduction:
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
Descriptive Entry:
These papers consist of correspondence with members of the United States Coast Survey chiefly concerning tide gauges; descriptions and drawings of working parts of clocks and tide gauges; mathematical equations and tables; records of data connected with Coast Survey work; office notes and vouchers; drafts for articles written and collected by Avery; USCS mathematical and scientific publications; and Avery's phonetic alphabet primers. Also included is correspondence concerning a proposal to print Avery's primers in Great Britain and an obituary of Avery.

Notations within the papers are frequently done in stenography. Knowledge of stenography will be helpful in understanding this material. Correspondents include: Robert Stanton Avery, Alexander Dallas Bache, John Batchelder, Thomas Craig, Julius Erasmus Hilgard, Samuel P. Langley, Macmillan & Co., Levi W. Meech, Benjamin Peirce, Charles Anthony Schott, William Wesley and Son, and B. Westermann & Co.
Historical Note:
Robert Stanton Avery (1808-1894) graduated from Harvard Divinity School in 1846, but soon turned his attention to mathematics and its application to the physical sciences. Avery taught school in the South, and in 1853 joined the United States Coast Survey (USCS) where he became chief of the Tidal Division. His duties included receiving observer reports taken from tide gauges established on the coasts of the United States and computing tide estimates based on the data received. When Avery retired from the USCS in 1885, he devoted his remaining years to the development of the techniques of phonetic spelling.
Topic:
Mathematics  Search this
Tide-waters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Drawings
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7068, Robert Stanton Avery Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7068
See more items in:
Robert Stanton Avery Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7068
Additional Online Media:

William Wesley and Son

Collection Creator:
Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art  Search this
Container:
Box 150, Folder 19
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1900
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Carnegie Institute Museum of Art records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art records, 1883-1962, bulk 1885-1940. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-carninst-ref8847

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