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Hutchins, Louis W. 1916-1957

Alternate Name:
Hutchins, Louis  Search this
Hutchins, L. W.  Search this
Louis  Search this
Middle Initial:
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Hutchins  Search this
Marine biologists
Record type:
Personal name
Birth Date:
Death Date:
See more records related to affiliations:
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Bermuda Biological Station for Research
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Hutchins, Louis W. 1916-1957
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project

Boston Water Works Collection

Vogel, Robert M.  Search this
Boston Water Works.  Search this
0.3 Cubic feet (5 Boxes)
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Later prints
Boston (Mass.)
The collection consists of cyanotype and silver gelatin photographs, print negatives, publications, stamps, and a glass plate negative, documenting the Metropolitan Water Works during its construction.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of four series. Series 1,Cyanotype photographs and Series 2,Cyanotype photographs contain a total 877 cyanotype photographs.

Series 3, contains 128 silver gelatin photographs, 14 print negatives.

Series 4, contains one glass plate negative, two stamps and two publications.

The material's from 1895 to 1919. The material is arranged by number.

Overall the cyanotype photographs are in good condition while some show signs of water damage. Images depict different installations of the Boston Waterworks system, views of pumping stations being installed and in operation as well as views of water mains. The first publication relates to the Metropolitan District Water supply tunnel from the Ware River to the Wachusett Reservoir and the second publication relates to the Boston Society of Civil Engineers excursion to water supply from the Metropolitan District, October 22, 1932. The stamps were used to label the cyanotype photographs with the name of the collection, date it was received, and the museum division name.
The Collection is organized into three series.

Series 1: Cyanotype Photographs, 1897-1919

Series 2: Silver Gelatin Photographs, 1896-1921

Series 3: Glass Plate Negative, Stamps, and Publications, 1932
In 1846, the city of Boston established the first municipal water utility in order to maintain and operate the Cochituate Water Works, known as the Boston Water Commissioners. In 1850, the Cochituate Water Board is established.In 1865, the Mystic Water Board was established. In 1875 the Cochituate Water Board and Mystic Water Board merge to create the Boston Water Board. Later in 1895, the Boston Water Board was abolished, which lead to the establishment of the Metropolitan Water Board, resulting in the transfer of maintenances and operations of the Boston Water Board to the Metropolitan Water Board as well as the Spot Pond Water Works of the towns of Melrose, Malden and Medford. The Boston Water Board then became known as the Boston Water Department. In 1901, the Metropolitan Water Board merged with the Board of Metropolitan Sewerage Commissioners to form the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board. In 1919, the Metropolitan Park Commission merges with the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board to form the Metropolitan District Commission (MDC).


Historical note was provided courtesy of: Sean M. Fisher, Archivist, DCR Archives, Office of Cultural Resources, Bureau of Planning and Resource Protection, MA Department of Conservation and Recreation, 251 Causeway St., Suite 600, Boston, MA 02114-2119
Related Materials:
Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives

Metropolitan Water Works photograph collection, 1876-1930 (bulk 1895-1921)

Series includes photographic documentation of the Boston Water Board's construction between 1890 and 1895, representing the Hopkinton Reservoir and Dam, and Sudbury Reservoir and Dam; and the photographic documentation of the Metropolitan Water Works system through three successive state agencies between 1895 and 1926.
The collection was acquired by Curator Robert Vogel, Division of Work and Industry, National Museum of American History, 1964-1965.
The collection is open for research use. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Water utilities -- Massachusetts  Search this
Water tunnels -- Massachusetts  Search this
Water supply -- Massachusetts  Search this
Tunnels -- Massachusetts  Search this
Pumping stations  Search this
Dams -- Massachusetts  Search this
Waterworks -- Massachusetts  Search this
Water-supply engineers -- Massachusetts  Search this
Water-supply engineering -- Massachusetts  Search this
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1900-1950
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1890-1900
Later prints
Boston Water Works Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
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Boston Water Works Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Louis W. Hutchins Papers

Hutchins, Louis W., 1916-1957  Search this
3.36 cu. ft. (2 record storage boxes) (2 document boxes) (1 5x8 box)
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Black-and-white photographs
Plummers Island (Md.)
circa 1939-1957 and undated
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
Descriptive Entry:
The papers of Louis W. Hutchins document his work on marine fouling and his study of marine bryozoa, and consist of correspondence, manuscripts and reprints, field notes, and research data.
Historical Note:
Louis W. Hutchins (1916-1957) was born in Washington, D.C. He was educated at Yale University, B.A., 1937 and Ph.D., 1941. Hutchins worked as a laboratory assistant at Yale from 1937 to 1938. During 1941 and 1942, he studied at Ohio State University as the recipient of the Mary S. Muellhaupt Scholarship. In 1942, he joined the staff of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution as an Assistant Marine Biologist. He was promoted to Associate Marine Biologist in 1943 and Marine Biologist in 1947. From 1949 to 1952, Hutchins served as Director of the Bermuda Biological Station for Research. In October 1957, Hutchins was drowned while on a field trip to Plummers Island in the Potomac River.

Hutchins' primary zoological interests were the studies of marine bryozoa and marine fouling. From 1943 to 1947, Hutchins served as Chief Biologist on a survey, sponsored by the United States Navy, to study the effect of marine fouling on buoys in the coastal waters of the United States. In 1945, he was engaged by the Lynn Gas and Electric Company of Lynn, Massachusetts, to investigate the fouling problem caused by mussels in their intake water tunnel. Hutchins also participated in the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution's expedition to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge in 1948.
Invertebrate zoology  Search this
Bryozoa  Search this
Marine fouling organisms  Search this
Black-and-white photographs
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7248, Louis W. Hutchins Papers
Record Unit 7248
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Louis W. Hutchins Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
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