The collection consists of cyanotype and silver gelatin photographs, print negatives, publications, stamps, and a glass plate negative, documenting the Metropolitan Water Works during its construction.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of four series. Series 1,Cyanotype photographs and Series 2,Cyanotype photographs contain a total 877 cyanotype photographs.
Series 3, contains 128 silver gelatin photographs, 14 print negatives.
Series 4, contains one glass plate negative, two stamps and two publications.
The material's from 1895 to 1919. The material is arranged by number.
Overall the cyanotype photographs are in good condition while some show signs of water damage. Images depict different installations of the Boston Waterworks system, views of pumping stations being installed and in operation as well as views of water mains. The first publication relates to the Metropolitan District Water supply tunnel from the Ware River to the Wachusett Reservoir and the second publication relates to the Boston Society of Civil Engineers excursion to water supply from the Metropolitan District, October 22, 1932. The stamps were used to label the cyanotype photographs with the name of the collection, date it was received, and the museum division name.
The Collection is organized into three series.
Series 1: Cyanotype Photographs, 1897-1919
Series 2: Silver Gelatin Photographs, 1896-1921
Series 3: Glass Plate Negative, Stamps, and Publications, 1932
In 1846, the city of Boston established the first municipal water utility in order to maintain and operate the Cochituate Water Works, known as the Boston Water Commissioners. In 1850, the Cochituate Water Board is established.In 1865, the Mystic Water Board was established. In 1875 the Cochituate Water Board and Mystic Water Board merge to create the Boston Water Board. Later in 1895, the Boston Water Board was abolished, which lead to the establishment of the Metropolitan Water Board, resulting in the transfer of maintenances and operations of the Boston Water Board to the Metropolitan Water Board as well as the Spot Pond Water Works of the towns of Melrose, Malden and Medford. The Boston Water Board then became known as the Boston Water Department. In 1901, the Metropolitan Water Board merged with the Board of Metropolitan Sewerage Commissioners to form the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board. In 1919, the Metropolitan Park Commission merges with the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board to form the Metropolitan District Commission (MDC).
Historical note was provided courtesy of: Sean M. Fisher, Archivist, DCR Archives, Office of Cultural Resources, Bureau of Planning and Resource Protection, MA Department of Conservation and Recreation, 251 Causeway St., Suite 600, Boston, MA 02114-2119
Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
Metropolitan Water Works photograph collection, 1876-1930 (bulk 1895-1921)
Series includes photographic documentation of the Boston Water Board's construction between 1890 and 1895, representing the Hopkinton Reservoir and Dam, and Sudbury Reservoir and Dam; and the photographic documentation of the Metropolitan Water Works system through three successive state agencies between 1895 and 1926.
The collection was acquired by Curator Robert Vogel, Division of Work and Industry, National Museum of American History, 1964-1965.
The collection is open for research use. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
3.36 cu. ft. (2 record storage boxes) (2 document boxes) (1 5x8 box)
Plummers Island (Md.)
circa 1939-1957 and undated
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
The papers of Louis W. Hutchins document his work on marine fouling and his study of marine bryozoa, and consist of correspondence, manuscripts and reprints, field
notes, and research data.
Louis W. Hutchins (1916-1957) was born in Washington, D.C. He was educated at Yale University, B.A., 1937 and Ph.D., 1941. Hutchins worked as a laboratory assistant
at Yale from 1937 to 1938. During 1941 and 1942, he studied at Ohio State University as the recipient of the Mary S. Muellhaupt Scholarship. In 1942, he joined the staff of
the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution as an Assistant Marine Biologist. He was promoted to Associate Marine Biologist in 1943 and Marine Biologist in 1947. From 1949 to
1952, Hutchins served as Director of the Bermuda Biological Station for Research. In October 1957, Hutchins was drowned while on a field trip to Plummers Island in the Potomac
Hutchins' primary zoological interests were the studies of marine bryozoa and marine fouling. From 1943 to 1947, Hutchins served as Chief Biologist on a survey, sponsored
by the United States Navy, to study the effect of marine fouling on buoys in the coastal waters of the United States. In 1945, he was engaged by the Lynn Gas and Electric
Company of Lynn, Massachusetts, to investigate the fouling problem caused by mussels in their intake water tunnel. Hutchins also participated in the Woods Hole Oceanographic
Institution's expedition to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge in 1948.