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Ellen Hulda Johnson papers, 1872-1994, bulk 1921-1992

Creator:
Johnson, Ellen H. (Ellen Hulda), 1910-1992  Search this
Subject:
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
Wilke, Wendell  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Milles, Carl  Search this
Archipenko, Alexander  Search this
Cézanne, Paul  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Hesse, Eva  Search this
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Tacha, Athena  Search this
Oldenberg, Kla'es  Search this
Saunders, David  Search this
Dine, Jim  Search this
Kensett, John Frederick  Search this
Allen Memorial Art Museum  Search this
College Art Association (U.S.)  Search this
Oberlin College  Search this
American-Scandinavian Foundation  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Ossabaw Island (Ga.)  Search this
Librarians  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Educators  Search this
Authors  Search this
Artist colonies  Search this
Art critics  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Art, Scandinavian  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6514
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215772
AAA_collcode_johnelle
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215772
Online Media:

Carnegie Mansion Embellishment

Artist:
Robert Venturi, American, 1925 - 2018  Search this
For:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum, New York, New York, USA  Search this
Medium:
Adhesive film, cut paper, pressure graphics and ink
Object Name:
Drawing
Type:
Drawing
Made in:
USA
Date:
May 1977
Credit Line:
Gift of Venturi and Rauch
Accession Number:
1978-27-1
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq44e0f7f4f-8890-4f43-9a4c-ed2050f1e400
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1978-27-1

Lilian Swann Saarinen papers, circa 1909-1977

Creator:
Saarinen, Lilian Swann, 1912-1995  Search this
Subject:
Armitage, Merle  Search this
Saarinen, Loja  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, László  Search this
Eames, Ray Kaiser  Search this
Saarinen, Eliel  Search this
Crosby, Caresse  Search this
Milles, Carl  Search this
Kreis, Henry  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Saarinen, Eero  Search this
Koch, Carl  Search this
Weese, Harry  Search this
Eames, Charles  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl  Search this
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
G Place Gallery (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Knoll Associates, inc  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Reynal & Hitchcock  Search this
Otava Publishing Company  Search this
Cambridge Art Center  Search this
Type:
Illustrations
Diaries
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Blueprints
Topic:
Art commissions  Search this
Sculpture, Modern  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Art, Municipal  Search this
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9049
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211240
AAA_collcode_saarlili
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Women
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211240
Online Media:

Joan Kron papers, 1959-1971

Creator:
Kron, Joan  Search this
Subject:
Maitin, Samuel C. (Samuel Calman)  Search this
Segal, George  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy  Search this
Tinguely, Jean  Search this
Klüver, Johan Wilhelm  Search this
Sabol, Audrey  Search this
Watts, Robert M.  Search this
Kaprow, Allan  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Dine, Jim  Search this
Rosenberg, Karl  Search this
Thiel, Philip  Search this
Johnson, Ray  Search this
Paik, Nam June  Search this
Indiana, Robert  Search this
Christo  Search this
Hendricks, Geoffrey  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Turner, Evan H.  Search this
Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association of Philadelphia. Arts Council  Search this
Beautiful Bag Co. (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Ledgers (account books)
Video recordings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Works of art
Topic:
Tonight show (Television program)  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Wearable art  Search this
Arts administrators  Search this
Design, Industrial  Search this
Curators  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5587
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211919
AAA_collcode_kronjoan
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211919
Online Media:

#662 "Chippendale" Chair

Designer:
Robert Venturi, American, 1925 - 2018  Search this
Manufacturer:
Knoll Textiles, New York, New York, USA, founded 1947  Search this
Medium:
plywood, wool
Type:
furniture
Decorative Arts
chair
Object Name:
chair
Manufactured in:
USA
Date:
1984
Credit Line:
Gift of Knoll International
Accession Number:
1991-6-1
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq42b1dc1dc-0807-4d2b-98a5-b02607fa264d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1991-6-1

Grandmother

Designer:
Robert Venturi, American, 1925 - 2018  Search this
Denise Scott Brown, American, b. 1931  Search this
Printer:
The Fabric Workshop  Search this
Producer:
Knoll Textiles, New York, New York, USA, founded 1947  Search this
Medium:
Medium: cotton Technique: screen printed on 4&1 satin foundation
Type:
printed, dyed & painted textiles
Textile
Object Name:
Textile
Made in:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Date:
1983
Credit Line:
Gift of Knoll International
Accession Number:
1990-162-1
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Textiles Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq4a899256c-e12f-4cf4-b319-c593b148efb7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1990-162-1

Ceiling design print for Knoll Center, New York, New York, USA

Designer:
Robert Venturi, American, 1925 - 2018  Search this
Medium:
Color screen print
Type:
architecture, interiors
print
Object Name:
print
Made in:
Europe and USA
Date:
1979
Credit Line:
Gift of Marshall Cogan, Knoll International
Accession Number:
1979-69-1
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq46426df06-bd6e-4c91-a7dd-d57c082910fb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1979-69-1

Oral history interview with Robert Venturi, 1991 June 1-July 20

Interviewee:
Venturi, Robert, 1925-  Search this
Interviewer:
Reed, Peter  Search this
Subject:
Kahn, Louis I.  Search this
Scully, Vincent Joseph  Search this
Scott Brown, Denise  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Architectural firms  Search this
Architects  Search this
Architecture, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12588
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214623
AAA_collcode_ventur91
Theme:
Architecture & Design
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_214623

Oral history interview with Denise Scott Brown, 1990 October 25-1991 November 9

Interviewee:
Scott Brown, Denise, 1931-  Search this
Interviewer:
Reed, Peter  Search this
Subject:
Korn, Arthur  Search this
Scott Brown, Robert  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Kahn, Louis I.  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston  Search this
University of Pennsylvania  Search this
Venturi Scott Brown and Associates  Search this
Architectural Association (Great Britain)  Search this
National Gallery (Great Britain)  Search this
Venturi, Rauch, and Scott Brown  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Architects  Search this
City planning  Search this
Women architects  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Architectural firms  Search this
Architecture, Modern  Search this
Architecture, Postmodern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13059
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215692
AAA_collcode_scottb90
Theme:
Architecture & Design
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215692
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Massimo Vignelli, 2011 June 6-7

Interviewee:
Vignelli, Massimo, 1931-2014  Search this
Interviewer:
Riedel, Mija, 1958-  Search this
Subject:
De Carlo, Giancarlo  Search this
Le Corbusier  Search this
Eco, Umberto  Search this
Graves, Michael  Search this
Gardella, Ignazio  Search this
Terragni, Giuseppe  Search this
Loos, Adolf  Search this
Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig  Search this
Pagano, Giuseppe  Search this
Kacik, Walter  Search this
Eames, Ray Kaiser  Search this
Vignelli, Lella  Search this
Frau, Poltrona  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Scarpa, Carlo  Search this
Pomodoro, Arnaldo  Search this
Domus  Search this
Ponti, Gio  Search this
Kahn, Louis I.  Search this
Rams, Dieter  Search this
Toscani, Oliviero  Search this
Zevi, Bruno  Search this
Eames, Charles  Search this
Eckerstrom, Ralph E. (Ralph Eugene),  Search this
United States Postal Service  Search this
Container Corporation of America  Search this
Knoll Associates, inc  Search this
Rochester Institute of Technology  Search this
United States.National Park Service  Search this
New York City Transit Authority  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
New York Herald.  Search this
Vignelli Associates  Search this
Venini International  Search this
Benetton (Firm)  Search this
Metron Orts- und Regionalplanung  Search this
Sansoni (Firm)  Search this
Herman Miller, Inc  Search this
Steelcase, Inc  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Architectural design  Search this
Architects  Search this
Design  Search this
Architecture, American  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Architecture, Italian  Search this
Postmodernism  Search this
Costume design  Search this
Furniture design  Search this
Designers  Search this
Art  Search this
Architecture, Japanese  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15958
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)302171
AAA_collcode_vignel11
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_302171
Online Media:

Ellen Hulda Johnson papers

Creator:
Johnson, Ellen H.  Search this
Names:
Allen Memorial Art Museum  Search this
American-Scandinavian Foundation  Search this
College Art Association (U.S.)  Search this
Oberlin College -- Faculty  Search this
Archipenko, Alexander, 1887-1964  Search this
Cézanne, Paul, 1839-1906  Search this
Dine, Jim, 1935-  Search this
Hesse, Eva, 1936-1970  Search this
Kensett, John Frederick, 1816-1872  Search this
Milles, Carl, 1875-1955  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929-  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973  Search this
Saunders, David  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Tacha, Athena, 1936-  Search this
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Wilke, Wendell  Search this
Extent:
55.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Ossabaw Island (Ga.)
Date:
1872-1994
bulk 1921-1992
Summary:
The papers of art historian, art critic, author, librarian and educator Ellen Hulda Johnson measure 55.3 linear feet and date from 1872-1994, with the bulk of the material dating from 1921-1992. The papers include biographical materials; personal and family files; personal, professional, and business correspondence; extensive research and writing files; teaching files; subject files; professional and curatorial files; and artists' files. Johnson's papers reflect the full range of her career, interests, and close relationships with many artists.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of art historian, art critic, author, librarian and educator Ellen Hulda Johnson measure 55.3 linear feet and date from 1872-1994, with the bulk of the material dating from 1921-1992. The papers include biographical materials; personal and family files; personal, professional, and business correspondence; extensive research and writing files; teaching files; subject files; professional and curatorial files; and artists' files. Johnson's papers reflect the full range of her career, interests, and close relationships with many artists.

Personal papers consist of biographical materials and personal and family files, including "memorabilia" files compiled by Johnson. Correspondence is a mix of personal, business, and professional correspondence. Significant correspondents include David Saunders (who painted a portrait of Johnson), Claes Oldenburg, Jack Tworkov, Robert Venturi, the American Scandinavian Foundation. A folder of correspondence compiled for the Archives includes letters from Alfred Stieglitz, Wendell Wilkie, Carl Milles, Jim Dine, and Alexander Archipenko.

Extensive and comprehensive writing and research project files include articles, lectures, presentations, manuscripts, notes and notebooks, including her class notebooks from courses she attended in Paris in 1935, and additional notes and notebooks on a wide variety of subjects. The numerous articles, lectures, papers, and drafts were written primarily by Johnson for the College Art Association, the Allen Memorial Art Museum bulletin, and numerous additional publications and presentations; but there are also writings by others included in the research files. Major writing projects and related research files cover Scandinavian art, the Ossabaw Island artist's colony, Cezanne, Eva Hesse, John Frederick Kensett, Claes Oldenburg, Picasso, David Saunders, Athena Tacha, Pop Art, and many other topics. Johnson's research files, manuscripts, correspondence, and photographs for major exhibitions, including one on Eva Hesse (1982) and for her published books including American Artists on Art from 1940-1980 (1982), Claes Oldenburg (1971), Fragments Recalled at 80: The Art Memoirs of Ellen H. Johnson (1993), and Modern Art and Object (1976) are arranged with the writing project files. Johnson's bibliographic index cards are found here as well.

The collection contains extensive teaching files for courses taught by Johnson at Oberlin and as a visiting professor at other institutions; professional and curatorial files reflecting her curatorial career at Allen Memorial Art Museum, as a consultant, jury member, and continuing education courses she later attended, including the Baldwin Lecture Series; and 18 linear feet of artist's files assembled by Johnson.
Arrangement:
The Ellen Hulda Johnson papers are arranged into seven series:

Series 1: Personal Papers, 1910-1994 (2 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, 56)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1937-1992 (4.5 linear feet; Boxes 3-7)

Series 3: Writing and Research Projects, 1872, 1932-1994 (13.5 linear feet; Boxes 7-20, 56)

Series 4: Subject Files, 1930-1993 (5 linear feet; Boxes 21-25)

Series 5: Teaching Files, 1928-1989 (6 linear feet; Boxes 26-31)

Series 6: Professional and Curatorial Files, 1936-1991 (6 linear feet; Boxes 32-37, 56)

Series 7: Artists Files, 1935-1992 (18.3 linear feet; Boxes 37-55)
Biographical / Historical:
Ellen Hulda Johnson (1910-1992) was an art historian, critic, and professor who worked and taught at Oberlin College in Ohio for most of her career.

Ellen Hulda Johnson was born in 1910 in Warren, Pennsylvania. She received her Bachelor's and Master's degrees in art history at Oberlin in 1933 and 1935. She worked briefly at the Toledo Museum of Art before returning to Oberlin as the art librarian. In 1940 she started Oberlin's art rental program, the first of its kind in the country. She was appointed to the faculty in 1948 and taught nineteenth and twentieth century art, American art from colonial times to the present, contemporary art, and Scandinavian art. She was a member of the Allen Memorial Art Museum's acquisition committee and appointed honorary curator of modern art in 1973. She remained at Oberlin her entire career, retiring from teaching in 1977.

Johnson was a scholar of Cézanne, Claes Oldenburg, Eva Hesse, Pablo Picasso, Edvard Munch, John F. Kensett and other modern masters, as well as Scandinavian art. In 1962 she wrote the first important article on Claes Oldenburg and, in 1970, assisted curator Athena Tacha commission his first permanent large sculpture (3-Way Plug) for the grounds of the Allen Memorial Art Museum. She was the first to show the black-striped paintings that established Frank Stella's reputation. Her efforts in promoting acquisitions of young contemporary artists helped make the Allen Memorial Art Museum a leading institution in contemporary art. Her Oberlin lectures on modern art became so popular that they had to be held in the college's largest auditorium and influenced generations of students, many of whom went on to signficant positions in the field. A new wing of the museum designed by Robert Venturi opened in 1977 and was named in honor of Johnson.

Johnson was the author of numerous articles, books, and exhibition catalogs including Cezanne (Penquin, 1967); Claes Oldenburg (Penquin, 1971); American Artists on Art from 1940-1980 (Harper and Row, 1982); and Modern Art and the Object (Thames and Hudson, 1976).

In 1968, Johnson purchased the Frank Lloyd Wright-designed Weltzheimer house in Oberlin, and spent a considerable part of her time and money restoring the building where she lived the rest of her life. She bequethed the house and her significant art collection to Oberlin upon her death in 1992.
Separated Materials:
Shortly after aquisition, the Archives transferred Ellen Hulda Johnson's vertical file (16 linear feet) of clippings, press releases, and exhibition announcements to the library of the Smithsonian American Art Museum and National Portrait Gallery.
Provenance:
The Ellen Hulda Johnson papers were donated in 1994 and 1998 by the estate of Ellen Hulda Johnson via exectutor Athena Tacha.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington D.C. Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Ellen Hulda Johnson papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Educators -- Ohio -- Oberlin  Search this
Librarians -- Ohio  Search this
Authors -- Ohio  Search this
Art historians -- Ohio -- Oberlin  Search this
Art critics -- Ohio  Search this
Topic:
Pop art  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art, Scandinavian  Search this
Art, Modern -- 19th century -- Study and teaching  Search this
Artist colonies -- Georgia  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Ellen Hulda Johnson papers, 1872-1994, bulk 1921-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.johnelle
See more items in:
Ellen Hulda Johnson papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-johnelle
Online Media:

Nantucket -- Innisfree

Architect:
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Horticulturist:
Schoellkopf, George  Search this
Jordin, Julie  Search this
Garden designer:
Jordin, Julie  Search this
Provenance:
Nantucket Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Innisfree (Nantucket, Massachusetts)
United States of America -- Massachusetts -- Nantucket County -- Nantucket
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles and other information.
General:
Innisfree is a beach property on a spit of land between marshes and ocean bay that presented the owner, a life-long gardener, with the challenge of creating a garden in sand. The shingled house with large columns supporting the porch roof was designed in 1990 by architect Robert Venturi, but the gardens on the ten and two-third acres property were inspired by Frank Cabot, founder of the Nature Conservancy, and George Schoellkopf. The first steps taken stabilized the planting areas by filling stone lined trenches with potting soil. The featured rectangular garden is a secret, sunken garden, called a ha-ha after the English practice of digging a steep drop-off along one side of a garden to keep out the livestock, here deer and rabbits. The sunken elevation provides protection from the salt spray and drying winds of the oceanside location so more delicate plants can be grown there. Other garden areas feature native plants that are hardier, and an herb garden is protected by a clipped privet hedge.
Kiwi, trumpet and grape vines grow on a pergola that shades a seating area with a table made from a huge millstone. Another large stone feature is an olive grinding stone re-purposed as a fountain, with three giant frog sculptures playing instruments nearby. Other millstones and granite boulders are set throughout Innisfree, as are antique ironwork features. A garden between the house and the ha-ha is filled with colorful summer flowers and bordered by rugosa roses.
Persons associated with the garden include: Robert Venturi (architect, 1990-1991); George Schoellkopf (horticulturist); and Julie Jordin (horticulturist and garden designer, 1996).
Related Materials:
Innisfree related holdings consist of 1 folder (12 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Massachusetts -- Nantucket  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File MA386
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Massachusetts
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17641

Lilian Swann Saarinen papers

Creator:
Saarinen, Lilian Swann, 1912-1995  Search this
Names:
Cambridge Art Center  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art -- Faculty  Search this
G Place Gallery (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Knoll Associates, inc.  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology -- Faculty  Search this
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Otava Publishing Company  Search this
Reynal & Hitchcock  Search this
Armitage, Merle, 1893-1975  Search this
Crosby, Caresse, 1892-  Search this
Eames, Charles  Search this
Eames, Ray  Search this
Koch, Carl  Search this
Kreis, Henry, 1899-1963  Search this
Milles, Carl, 1875-1955  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, László, 1895-1946  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl, 1905-  Search this
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Eliel, 1873-1950  Search this
Saarinen, Loja  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Weese, Harry, 1915-1998  Search this
Extent:
9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Diaries
Illustrations
Sketches
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
circa 1909-1977
Summary:
The papers of Cambridge sculptor and illustrator, Lilian Swann Saarinen, measure nine linear feet and date from circa 1909 to 1977. The collection documents Saarinen's career through correspondence with artists, architects, publishers, and gallery owners; writings and notes, including manuscripts and illustrations for children's books and publications; project and teaching files; financial records; artwork, including numerous project sketches; and photos of Saarinen and her artwork. Saarinen's personal life is also documented through diaries and correspondence with friends and family members, including Eero Saarinen, to whom she was married from 1939-1953.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Cambridge sculptor and illustrator, Lilian Swann Saarinen, measure nine linear feet and date from circa 1909 to 1977. The collection documents Saarinen's career through correspondence with artists, architects, publishers, and gallery owners; writings and notes, including manuscripts and illustrations for children's books and publications; project and teaching files; financial records; artwork, including numerous project sketches; and photos of Saarinen and her artwork. Saarinen's personal life is also documented through diaries and correspondence with friends and family members, including Eero Saarinen, to whom she was married from 1939-1953.

Biographical material consists of resumes and biographical sketches, as well as a 1951 blueprint for the Eero Saarinen and Associates Office Building in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan.

Correspondence documents Saarinen's personal and professional life through letters to and from Eero Saarinen and other family members, including six letters from Loja Saarinen; correspondence with artists and architects, including Merle Armitage, Charles and Ray Eames, Carl Koch, Henry Kreis, Carl Milles, Laszlo and Sibyl Moholy-Nagy, Robert Venturi, and Harry Weese; and friends and colleagues at the Cranbrook Academy of Art and Knoll Associates. Also documented is Saarinen's business relationship with Midtown Galleries and Caresse Crosby, and publishers and publications including Child Life, Interiors, Otava Publishing Company, and Reynal & Hitchcock, Inc.

Writings and Notes document Saarinen's work on several children's publications, including Picture Book Zoo (1935) and Who Am I? (1946), through correspondence, notes, manuscript drafts, and extensive sketches. This series also includes Saarinen's ideas for other publications and incorporates some early writings and notes, as well as typescripts of her reminiscences about Eliel Saarinen, the Saarinen family, and the Cranbrook Academy of Art.

Diaries consist of bound diary volumes, loose-leaf journal entries, and heavily annotated engagement calendars, documenting Saarinen's personal life, artistic aspirations, and career development from the 1930s-1970s. This material provides a deeply personal view of the emotional landscape of Saarinen's life, her struggles to balance her identity as a working artist with the roles of wife, mother, and homemaker, and the complex, and often competing, relationships within the renowned architectural family into which she married.

Project files document Saarinen's work on book cover designs, federal and post office commissions in Bloomfield, Indiana, Carlisle, Kentucky, and Evanston, Illinois, reliefs for the Crow Island School in Winnetka, Illinois, and other important commissions including the Harbor National Bank Clock in Boston, Massachusetts, the KLM Airlines installation at JFK Airport, the Fountain of Noah sculpture at the Northland Center in Detroit, Michigan, and the interior of Toffenetti's restaurant in Chicago, Illinois. Also documented is her role in designs for the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, with Eero Saarinen.

Teaching files document Saarinen's "Language of Clay Course" which she taught at Cambridge Art Center and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Financial records document exhibition and sales expenses for two exhibitions, including her show at G Place Gallery in 1944.

Printed material consists of clippings about Saarinen and her family, exhibition announcements and catalogs for herself and others, and reference files from the 1930s-1940s, primarily comprising clippings of animals.

Additional printed material documenting Saarinen's career can be found in one of two scrapbooks found in the collection. An additional scrapbook consists of clippings relating primarily to Saarinen's parents.

Artwork comprises extensive sketches, particularly animal and figure sketches, in graphite, crayon, ink, pastel, and watercolor. The sketches demonstrate in particular Saarinen's developing interest in and skill with animal portraiture from her childhood to the 1960s.

Photographs are primarily of artwork and Saarinen's 1944 exhibition at G Place Gallery. Also found are one negative of Saarinen, probably with Eero Saarinen, and a group photo including Lilian, Eero, and Eliel Saarinen with the model for the Detroit Civic Center, circa 1940s.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1930s-1960s (3 folders; Box 1, OV 12)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1920-1974 (1.9 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, 8, OV 12)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, 1920s-1973 (1.3 linear feet, Boxes 2-3, 8, OVs 13-16)

Series 4: Diaries, 1930-1973 (1.4 linear feet, Boxes 3-5, 8)

Series 5: Project Files, 1931-1966 (1.7 linear feet, Boxes 5-6, 8, OVs 17-19)

Series 6: Teaching Files, 1966-1970 (3 folders, Box 6)

Series 7: Financial Records, 1940s-1970s (2 folders, Box 6)

Series 8: Printed Material, circa 1930s-1970s (0.2 linear feet, Box 6)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, circa 1909-1974 (2 folders; Boxes 6, 9)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1920s-circa 1960s (1.7 linear feet, Boxes 6-7, 9-10, OVs 20-27)

Series 11: Photographs, circa 1940s, 1977 (0.5 linear feet, Boxes 7, 11, OV 27)
Biographical / Historical:
Cambridge artist and sculptor, Lilian Swann Saarinen (1912-1995), studied at the Art Students League with Alexander Archipenko in 1928, and later with Albert Stewart and Heninz Warneke from 1934-1936, before moving to Michigan where she studied with Carl Milles at the Cranbrook Academy of Art from 1936-1940. Saarinen was an accomplished skier and a member of the 1936 US Olympic ski team.

At Cranbrook, Swann met architect Eero Saarinen, whom she married in 1939. She subsequently worked with Saarinen's design group on a variety of projects, including the Westward Expansion Memorial, which later became known as the "Gateway Arch" in St. Louis. Lilian and Eero had a son, Eric, and a daughter, Susie, before divorcing in 1953.

Saarinen, who had developed an affinity for drawing animals in childhood, specialized in animal portraits in a variety of sculptural media. In 1939, she exhibited her sculpture Night, which depicted Bagheera the panther from Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book, at the World's Fair. The sculpture was placed in the Boston Public Garden in 1986. In the 1930s and 1940s Saarinen was commissioned to work on a variety of architectural projects, including reliefs for post offices in Bloomfield, Indiana, Carlisle, Kentucky, and Evanston, Illinois, and the Crow Island School in Winnetka, Illinois. She also executed commissions for the Harbor National Bank in Boston, KLM (Royal Dutch Airlines) at JFK Airport, the Northland shopping Center in Detroit Michigan, and Toffenetti's Restaurant in Chicago.

Saarinen was a contributing author and illustrator for a variety of publications, including Child Life, Interiors and Portfolio: An Intercontinental Quarterly. In 1935 she illustrated Picture Book Zoo for the Bronx Zoo and in 1946 Reynal & Hitchcock, Inc. published Who Am I?, a children's book which Saarinen wrote and illustrated.

Saarinen taught ceramic sculpture to soldiers for the Red Cross Arts and Skills Unit rehabilitation program in 1945, served on the Visiting Committee to the Museum School at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, from 1959-1964, where she taught ceramics, and later taught a course entitled "The Language of Clay" at the Cambridge Art Center and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. One of Saarinen's private students at Cambridge was her cousin, Edie Sedgwick.

Saarinen died in Cohasset, Massachusetts, in 1995 at the age of 83.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reels 1152 and 1192) including a scrapbook containing clippings, copies of letters and telegrams received, and reproductions of Saarinen's work. There is a copy of Saarinen's book, "Who Am I?", and three albums containing photographs of Saarinen, photographs and reproductions of her work, a list of exhibitions, quotes about her, and writings by her about sculpture. Lent material was returned to the lender and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Lilian Swann Saarinen donated the collection in 1975. She lent additional materials for microfilming in 1976.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Lilian Swann Saarinen papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws
Occupation:
Sculptors -- Massachusetts -- Cambridge  Search this
Topic:
Women artists -- Massachusetts  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Illustrators -- Massachusetts  Search this
Art commissions  Search this
Art, Municipal  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Diaries
Illustrations
Sketches
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Lilian Swann Saarinen papers, circa 1909-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.saarlili
See more items in:
Lilian Swann Saarinen papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-saarlili
Online Media:

Sketch showing positioning for Oldenburg's Giant three-way plug sculpture at Allen Memorial Art Museum

Creator:
Venturi, Robert, 1925-  Search this
Subject:
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Allen Memorial Art Museum  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
ca. 1975
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10288
See more items in:
Ellen Hulda Johnson papers, 1872-1994, bulk 1921-1992
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10288

Allen Memorial Art Museum modern addition

Subject:
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Oberlin, OH
Date:
1975
Topic:
Buildings  Search this
Museums  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10521
See more items in:
Esther McCoy papers, 1876-1990, bulk, 1938-1989
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10521

Interview with Robert Venturi

Creator:
Venturi, Robert, 1925-  Search this
McCoy, Esther, 1904-1989  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Date:
1964
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10938
See more items in:
Esther McCoy papers, 1876-1990, bulk, 1938-1989
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10938

Edmund N. Bacon, Philadelphia, Pa. to Robert Venturi, Philadelphia, Pa.

Creator:
Bacon, Edmund N., 1910-2005  Search this
Venturi, Robert, 1925-  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1967 Nov. 10
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)1842
See more items in:
Joan Kron papers, 1959-1971
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_1842

Architecture I, Venturi, Robert

Collection Creator:
Leo Castelli Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 43, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1977
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Leo Castelli Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Leo Castelli Gallery records, circa 1880-2000, bulk 1957-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Leo Castelli Gallery records
Leo Castelli Gallery records / Series 3: Exhibition Files / 3.4: Group Shows
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-leocast-ref9905

Venturi, Robert

Collection Creator:
Saarinen, Lilian Swann, 1912-1995  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1953-1955
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Lilian Swann Saarinen papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws
Collection Citation:
Lilian Swann Saarinen papers, circa 1909-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lilian Swann Saarinen papers
Lilian Swann Saarinen papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-saarlili-ref96

Joan Kron papers

Topic:
Tonight Show (Television Program)
Creator:
Kron, Joan  Search this
Names:
Beautiful Bag Co. (Philadelphia,Pa.)  Search this
Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association of Philadelphia. Arts Council  Search this
Christo, 1935-  Search this
Dine, Jim, 1935-  Search this
Hendricks, Geoffrey  Search this
Indiana, Robert, 1928-  Search this
Johnson, Ray, 1927-  Search this
Kaprow, Allan  Search this
Klüver, Billy, 1927-2004  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy, 1923-1997  Search this
Maitin, Sam  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929- -- Photographs  Search this
Paik, Nam June, 1932-  Search this
Rosenberg, Karl  Search this
Sabol, Audrey, 1922-  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de, 1930-  Search this
Segal, George, 1924-2000 -- Photographs  Search this
Tinguely, Jean, 1925-  Search this
Turner, Evan H.  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Watts, Robert M., 1923-1988  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Video recordings
Drawings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Paintings
Ledgers (account books)
Date:
1959-1971
Summary:
The papers of New York City art entrepreneur, curator, and journalist Joan Kron date from 1959 to 1971 and measure 1.4 linear feet. The papers include correspondence, scattered financial records, notes and writings, printed material, photographs, a sound and video recording, and project/exhibition files concerning Kron's involvement in the 1960s with the exhibtions of the Arts Council of the Young Men's/Women's Hebrew Association (YM/WHA)of Philadelphia and her business, the Beautiful Bag and Box Co.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of New York City art entrepreneur, curator, and journalist Joan Kron date from 1959 to 1971 and measure 1.4 linear feet. The papers include correspondence, scattered financial records, notes and writings, printed material, photographs, a sound and video recording, and project/exhibition files concerning Kron's involvement in the 1960s with the exhibtions of the Arts Council of the Young Men's/Women's Hebrew Association (YM/WHA)of Philadelphia and her business, the Beautiful Bag and Box Co.

Papers relating to Kron's volunteer chairmanship of the Arts Council of the Young Men's/Women's Hebrew Association (YM/WHA)of Philadelphia include general files concerning the administration and operation of the organization, as well as exhibition files for Art 1963/ A New Vocabulary (1962) and Museum of Merchandise 1967.) Files generally consist of correspondence, clippings and other printed materials, notes and writings, photographs, and financial documents. The exhibition files for Art 1963/ A New Vocabulary include a typescript "Dictionary Suggestions" by Billy Klüver which contains slang terms with creative definitions, and photographs of Claes Oldenburg, Billy Klüver, Joan Kron, Sam Maitin, Niki de Saint-Phalle, Audrey Sabol, George Segal, Jean Tinguely, and Robert Watts. The files for Museum of Merchandise contain a painting on paper by Geoffrey Hendricks, a drawing by Ray Johnson, a photograph of fabric designer Karl Rosenberg, a photograph of a wedding dress design by Christo, and a 1/2" open reel videotape made by Nam Jun Paik of Kron's appearance on The Tonight Show.

The records of the Beautiful Bag and Box Co., an art entrepreneurial business created by Kron and her colleague Audrey Sabol, include correspondence, a ledger of sales and deposits, income tax records, miscellaneous invoices, notes and writings, clippings, miscellaneous printed material, and photographs. Also found are project/product files for Art Museum Store, Temporary Tattoos, Durable Dishes designed by Roy Lichtenstein, Eat Pin likely designed by Robert Indiana, Art on Billboards, and Stunning Stationery. The file for project Art on Billboards contains postcards from Allan Kaprow and Jim Dine expressing interest in the project, and a photograph of Edwin and Audrey Sabol on a motorcycle posing in front of a billboard designed by Roy Lichtenstein. There is also a 7" audio reel tape recording of a radio program Hey, Look at That containing comments about billboards from Kron, Roy Lichtenstein, architect Robert Venturi, and Evan H. Turner, Director of the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 2 series:

Series 1: Arts Council of the YM/YWHA of Philadelphia, 1959-1971 (Box 1-2, OV 3; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 2: Beautiful Bag and Box Co., 1963-1969 (Box 1-2; 0.8 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Joan Kron (circa 1928-) is a fashion and style journalist in New York City, but began her career in Philadelphia as an advocate of avante-garde artists and co-founder of The Beautiful Bag Co. which worked with artists to produce commercial household and fashion art products. Kron worked on projects with Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, and Robert Indiana, among others.

Joan Kron was born circa 1928 in New York. She studied at the Yale University School of Drama from 1946-1948, graduating with a degree in costume design. She married surgeon Dr. Samuel Kron and lived in Philadelphia during the 1960s. For almost a decade, Kron volunteered as chairman of the Arts Council of the Young Men's/Young Women's Hebrew Association of Philadelphia (YM/YWHA.) The YM/YMA Arts Council focused on promoting and hosting new and avant-garde programs in dance, theatre, poetry, crafts, and the visual arts. Under Kron's leadership, the YM/YWHA Arts Council curated Arts1963/A New Vocabulary (1962) and Museum of Merchandise (1967.)

Kron's work with the Arts Council allowed her to build business partnerships with several artists. She partnered with Andy Warhol to produce a line of perfume, "You're In," packaged in silver Coca-Cola bottles, with Robert Indiana for a Love Ring, and other products and projects associated with the exhibitions of the Arts Council. Then, around 1964, she partnered with colleague Audrey Sabol to form The Beautiful Bag and Box Co. and continued to explore commercial products created or designed by artists, including a line of dinnerware "Durable Dishes" designed by Roy Lichtenstein, a series of billboards displaying art work and the Eat Pin, most likely designed by Robert Indiana.

Kron began her career in journalism in the late 1960s by contributing an article about a cannabis harvest in an upscale neighborhood to the Philadelphia magazine in 1969. She continued to write for the magazine until after her divorce. She moved to New York City in 1971 and was hired by New York magazine. She researched and wrote a special issue about the blossoming SoHo art district. Kron then focused the remainder of her career primarily on writing, and worked for a number of magazines and newspapers, and published several books. As of 2010, she was living in New York City and working as contributing editor at large for Condé Nast's Allure magazine, primarily covering the subject of cosmetic surgery.
Related Materials:
Additional copies of microfilm reels 4224-4225 are available at the Free Library of Philadelphia.

Also found in the Archives are selected papers of the Young Men's/Women's Hebrew Association Arts Council that were loaned by Judith Golden for microfilming, and are now available only on microfilm reels 3898. Another small collection of printed material from the YM/WHA records was donated by Acey Wolgin and microfilmed on reel 4340, and transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum Library's vertical files.
Provenance:
Joan Kron donated her papers in 1987.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Joan Kron papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Curators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Arts administrators  Search this
Pop art United States  Search this
Wearable art United States  Search this
Design, Industrial -- United States  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Drawings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Paintings
Ledgers (account books)
Citation:
Joan Kron papers, 1959-1971. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kronjoan
See more items in:
Joan Kron papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kronjoan
Online Media:

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