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John Weichsel papers concerning the People's Art Guild

Creator:
Weichsel, John, 1870-1946  Search this
Names:
People's Art Guild  Search this
Beal, Gifford, 1879-1956  Search this
Bellows, George, 1882-1925  Search this
Bluemner, Oscar, 1867-1938  Search this
Davis, Stuart, 1892-1964  Search this
Delaunay, Robert, 1885-1941  Search this
Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974  Search this
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton, 1890-1973  Search this
Pascin, Jules, 1885-1930  Search this
Sloan, John, 1871-1951  Search this
Van Dine, S. S.  Search this
Weichsel, John, 1938?-  Search this
Zorach, Marguerite, 1887-1968  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketches
Date:
1905-1965, bulk 1905-1929
bulk 1905-1929
Summary:
The John Weichsel papers concerning the People's Art Guild measure 0.6 linear feet and date from 1905-1965 with the bulk of the material dating from 1905-1929. The papers consist almost entirely of the records of the People's Art Guild, founded by Weichsel, and include administrative records, correspondence, writings and notes, business and financial records, printed material, and artwork.
Scope and Contents:
The John Weichsel papers concerning the People's Art Guild measure 0.6 linear feet and date from 1905-1965 with the bulk of the material dating from 1905-1929. The papers consist almost entirely of the records of the People's Art Guild, founded by Weichsel, and include administrative records, correspondence, writings and notes, business and financial records, printed material, and artwork.

People's Art Guild records include the constitution, membership lists, and correspondence with Gifford Beal, George Bellows, Oscar Bluemner, Stuart Davis, Robert Delaunay, Leon Kroll, Standon Macdonald-Wright, Jules Pascin, John Sloan, Willard Wright and Marguerite and William Zorach, among others. Writings about the Peoples Art Guild are by Weichsel and his grandson John Weichsel. There are also lists of artists and works of art. Also found are very scattered business and financial records, printed materials, and artwork in the form of sketches for exhibition announcements.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series.

Series 1: Administrative Records, 1915-1917 (2 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1905-1922 (0.3 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, 1915-circa 1919, 1965 (4 folders; Box 1)

Series 4: Business and Financial Records, 1915-1917 (0.1 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1915-circa 1948 (0.2 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 6: Artwork, 1915-1916 (1 folder; Box 2)
Biographical / Historical:
John Weichsel (1870-1946) was an arts administrator and founded the artists' cooperative People's Art Guild of New York City in 1915.

John Weichsel was born in Poland and ultimately settled in New York City. The People's Art Guild was founded by Weichsel as an artist's cooperative focused on improving and expanding knowledge of art and the art world among the general public, believing this would increase art appreciation and patronage.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 1960 and 1963 by Dr. H. S. Weichsel and John Weichsel, the son and grandson of Dr. John Weichsel. At an unknown later date, grandson John Weichsel donated his 1965 thesis on the Peoples Art Guild.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The John Weichsel papers concerning the People's Art Guild are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Arts administrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Societies, etc. -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketches
Citation:
John Weichsel papers concerning the People's Art Guild, 1905-1965, bulk 1905-1929. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.weicjohn
See more items in:
John Weichsel papers concerning the People's Art Guild
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-weicjohn

John Weichsel papers concerning the People's Art Guild, 1905-1965, bulk 1905-1929

Creator:
Weichsel, John, 1870-1946  Search this
Subject:
Van Dine, S. S.  Search this
Kroll, Leon  Search this
Bluemner, Oscar  Search this
Pascin, Jules  Search this
Weichsel, John  Search this
Beal, Gifford  Search this
Zorach, Marguerite  Search this
Davis, Stuart  Search this
Bellows, George  Search this
Delaunay, Robert  Search this
Zorach, William  Search this
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton  Search this
Sloan, John French  Search this
People's Art Guild  Search this
Topic:
Art  Search this
Arts administrators  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9336
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211532
AAA_collcode_weicjohn
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211532
Additional Online Media:

Ben Benn papers, 1905-1993

Creator:
Benn, Ben, 1884-1983  Search this
Subject:
Bluemner, Oscar  Search this
Van Dine, S. S.  Search this
Force, Juliana  Search this
Benn, Velida  Search this
Geist, Sidney  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists' Gallery (New York, N.Y)  Search this
Walker Art Center  Search this
Harry Salpeter Gallery  Search this
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Illustrated letters  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6209
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216494
AAA_collcode_bennben
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216494
Additional Online Media:

Ben Benn papers

Creator:
Benn, Ben, 1884-  Search this
Names:
Artists' Gallery (New York, N.Y)  Search this
Harry Salpeter Gallery  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Walker Art Center  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Benn, Velida  Search this
Bluemner, Oscar, 1867-1938  Search this
Force, Juliana, 1876-1948  Search this
Geist, Sidney  Search this
Van Dine, S. S.  Search this
Extent:
6.3 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Illustrated letters
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Date:
1905-1993
Summary:
The papers of modernist painter Ben Benn measure 6.3 linear feet and date from 1906 through 1977, with the bulk of the papers dating from circa 1920 - circa 1970. The collection includes correspondence between Benn and his wife Velida Benn and letters from Oscar Bluemner, Max Weber, Joseph Stella, and other artists. Also found are sketches, sketchbooks, diaries, scrapbooks, personal business records, clippings, photographs, exhibition catalogs, art journals, and auction catalogs. Some of the printed material is quite rare.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of modernist painter Ben Benn measure 6.3 linear feet and date from 1906 through 1977, with the bulk of the papers dating from circa 1920 - circa 1970. The collection includes correspondence between Benn and his wife Velida de Benn and letters from Oscar Bluemner, Max Weber, Joseph Stella, and other artists. Also found are biographical materials, sketches, sketchbooks, diaries, scrapbooks, personal business records, clippings, photographs, exhibition catalogs, art journals, and auction catalogs. Some of the printed material is quite rare.

The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence files dating from 1906 through 1993, and includes personal, professional, and family correspondence of Ben Benn and wife Velida Benn, as well as personal correspondence between the Benn's. Much of the professional correspondence relates to exhibitions and other projects and is with museums, galleries, and art associations, including the Whitney Museum of American Art, The Artists' Gallery, and the College Art Association. Additional correspondence contains letters from friends and colleagues including Alfred Barr, Oscar Bluemner, Rita Benton, Holger Cahill, Juliana Force, Sidney Geist, Kaj Klitgaard, Audrey McMahon, Julio Osma, Harry Salpeter, Hugh Stix, Hudson D. Walker, and Marguerite Zorach, among others. Letters exchanged between Ben Benn and Velida Benn primarily relate to Benn's activities in Woodstock, N.Y., Gloucester, Ma., and St. Augustine, Fla., places he visited during the early part of his career. Many of Benn's letters are illustrated. Velida Benn's correspondence includes letters from her brother Bernard Lopez, William M. Fisher (Metropolitan Museum of Art), Bessie Beatty, Rita Benton, Sidney Geist, and Julio Osma. Also found are brief notes from Joseph Stella, Max Weber, and Marsden Hartley.

Diaries (1943-1977) contain entries by Velida Benn and reflect her activities and personal observations; also found are numerous references to Benn's exhibitions and projects. Three scrapbooks (1915-1972) document Benn's exhibitions and include copies of correspondence, announcements, checklists, price lists, and clippings; many of the items are annotated. Artwork (1937-1974) consists of sketchbooks and various loose sketches of portraits, figures, and still lifes; also included are fashion sketches by Velida Benn.

Printed material (1905-1991, bulk 1930s-1970s) includes exhibition announcements and catalogs, newspaper and magazine clippings, printed programs, reproductions, and monographs. Of particular interest are Artists' and Writers' Chap Books (1933-1935) that include the work of Ben and Velida Benn. Photographs (1920-1969) contain images of works of art, of Ben Benn, individually and with Velida, and exhibition installation shots.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into seven series based primarily on type of material. Material within each series is arranged chronologically.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1983, undated (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1906-1993, undated (Boxes 1-4; 4.0 linear ft.)

Series 3: Diaries, Notebooks, and Scrapbooks, 1915-1977, undated (Boxes 4-5; 11 folders)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, circa 1910-1979, undated (Box 5; 9 folders)

Series 5: Artwork, 1924-1974, undated (Box 5,7; 6 folders, 6 oversized items)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1911-1991, undated (Boxes 5-6; 2.0 linear ft.)

Series 7: Photographs and Negatives, 1920-1969, undated (Box 6; 6 folders)
Biographical Note:
New York painter Ben Benn was born in Russia in 1884 as Benjamin Rosenberg and died in 1983. Benn studied drawing and painting at the National Academy of Design from 1904-1908 and had his first exhibition, "Oils by Eight American Artists," at the Artists' Gallery in 1907. In 1916, Benn participated in the "Forum Exhibition of Modern American Painters" at the Anderson Galleries, along with artists Thomas Hart Benton, Oscar Bluemner, Arthur Dove, Marsden Hartley, John Marin, Man Ray, Abraham Walkowitz, and others. The exhibition was important in advancing the cause of modern art in American, particularly the American avant-garde and was recreated by the Whitney in 1983.

Best known as a modern painter who assimilated in his early style the influences of Matisse, Picasso, and Kandinsky, Benn's first one-man show was held at the J. B. Neumann Gallery in 1925. Portraits, still-lifes, and landscapes formed the core of Benn's subject themes and he often shifted between abstract and figurative images. He is known for his strong joyful colors, thick brush strokes and energetic paintings.

Benn was featured in over twenty one-man exhibitions and countless group shows. Major exhibitions included Abstract Painting in America (Whitney Museum, 1935), American Painting Today (Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1950), and Ben Benn, Painter (The Jewish Museum, 1965). The Smithsonian's Hirshhorn Museum in Washington, D.C. honored Benn with a one-man show on his ninetieth birthday (1974). His work is in permanent museum collections in both the U.S. and abroad including the Albany Institute of Art, the Smithsonian Institution's Hirshhorn Museum, the Knoxville Art Center, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Newark Museum, Whitney Museum of American Art, as well as the Museum of Arts, Ein-Harod in Israel and the Kröller-Müller Museum in Holland.

Ben Benn was a recipient of several awards for his achievement in painting. The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts honored Benn with the Henry Schiedt award (1952) and the Carol Beck Gold Medal (1965); Benn was also the recipient of the Knoxville Art Center Purchase Prize in 1961. In 1970 Benn was a beneficiary of the Childe Hassam Fund awarded through the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

Benn's work is in permanent museum collections in both the U.S. and abroad including the Albany Institute of Art, the Smithsonian Institution's Hirshhorn Museum, the Knoxville Art Center, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Newark Museum, Whitney Museum of American Art, as well as the Museum of Arts, Ein-Harod in Israel and the Kröller-Müller Museum in Holland.
Provenance:
The Ben Benn papers were donated by Benn's nephew Peter Rosenberg to the Archives of American Art in 1988.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Rights:
The Ben Benn papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, American -- Economic aspects  Search this
Painting, American -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Illustrated letters
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Ben Benn papers, 1905-1993. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bennben
See more items in:
Ben Benn papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bennben

The Forum exhibition of modern American painters, March thirteenth to March twenty-fifth, 1916

Author:
Anderson Galleries, Inc  Search this
Van Dine, S. S  Search this
Physical description:
78 p. plates. 26 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1916
1916]
20th century
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Painters  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Call number:
ND212 .A54
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_51010

Cover of Chinese "Then and Now" Exhibit Catalogue

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton 1890-1973  Search this
Van Dine, S. S  Search this
Wright, Willard Huntington 1888-1939  Search this
National Portrait Gallery (U.S.)  Search this
Then and Now: American Portraits from the Past Century (Exhibition) (1987)  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1 Color: Color ; Size: 8.5w x 11h ; Type of Image: Book; Medium: Document
Type:
Document
Book
Place:
China
Hong Kong (China)
Date:
December 18, 1987
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Exhibition catalogs  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2011-2272
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_12996

Modern painting, its tendency and meaning, by Willard Huntington Wright; with four subjects in colour and twenty-four reproductions

Author:
Van Dine, S. S  Search this
Physical description:
352 p. incl. col. front. plates (part col.) 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1915
Topic:
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Post-impressionism (Art)  Search this
Cubism  Search this
Futurism (Art)  Search this
Painters  Search this
Call number:
ND1265 .W7 1915X
ND1265.W7 1915X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_403100

Alias S. S. Van Dine / John Loughery

Author:
Loughery, John  Search this
Subject:
Van Dine, S. S  Search this
Physical description:
xxii, 296 p. [8] p. of plates : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
1992
C1992
20th century
Topic:
Novelists, American  Search this
Detective and mystery stories, American--History and criticism  Search this
Call number:
CT275.V245 L8 1992
CT275.V245L8 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_426033

Philo Vance; the life and times of S. S. Van Dine

Author:
Tuska, Jon  Search this
Van Dine, S. S  Search this
Subject:
Van Dine, S. S Characters Philo Vance  Search this
Physical description:
63 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1971
[1971]
Topic:
Vance, Philo (Fictitious character)  Search this
Call number:
PS3545.R846 Z8 1971
PS3545.R846Z8 1971
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_338375

The art theory and criticism of Willard Huntington Wright / by Marilyn Claire Baker

Author:
Baker, Marilyn Claire 1942-  Search this
Subject:
Van Dine, S. S  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 473 leaves : ill
Type:
Books
Date:
1975
Call number:
N7483.V24 B16 1975a
N7483.V24B16 1975a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_187154

Modern painting, its tendency and meaning

Author:
Van Dine, S. S  Search this
Physical description:
352 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1922
Topic:
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Post-impressionism (Art)  Search this
Cubism  Search this
Futurism (Art)  Search this
Painters  Search this
Call number:
ND1265 .W954 1922
ND1265.W954 1922
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_75234

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