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Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers

Creator:
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Names:
Dwan Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art  Search this
Andre, Carl, 1935-  Search this
Atkinson, Terry, 1939-  Search this
Dibbets, Jan, 1941-  Search this
Dwan, Virginia  Search this
Flavin, Dan, 1933-  Search this
Graham, Dan, 1942-  Search this
Haacke, Hans, 1936-  Search this
Heizer, Michael, 1944-  Search this
Holt, Nancy, 1938-  Search this
Insley, Will, 1929-2011  Search this
Jenney, Neil, 1945-  Search this
Johnson, Ray, 1927-  Search this
Kepes, Gyorgy, 1906-2001  Search this
LeWitt, Sol, 1928-2007  Search this
Lippard, Lucy R.  Search this
Long, Richard, 1945-  Search this
Oppenheim, Dennis, 1938-2011  Search this
Valledor, Leo  Search this
Wheeler, Dennis  Search this
Extent:
15.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Greeting cards
Photographs
Transcripts
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1905-1987
bulk 1952-1987
Summary:
The papers of sculptor, writer, and earthworks artist Robert Smithson and his wife, sculptor, filmmaker, and earthworks artist Nancy Holt measure 15.1 linear feet and date from 1905 to 1987, with the bulk of the material dating from 1952 to 1987. The papers consist of Smithson's biographical material; business and personal correspondence, much of it with artists; interview transcripts; extensive writings and project files; financial records; printed material; a scrapbook of clippings; holiday cards with original prints and sketches; photographic material; and artifacts. Also found are project files related to Nancy Holt's motion picture film Pine Barrens and her seminal environmental work of art Sun Tunnels, including a video documentary about Sun Tunnels.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of sculptor, writer, and earthworks artist Robert Smithson and his wife, sculptor, filmmaker, and earthworks artist Nancy Holt measure 15.1 linear feet and date from 1905 to 1987, with the bulk of the material dating from 1952 to 1987. The papers consist of Smithson's biographical material; business and personal correspondence, much of it with artists; interview transcripts; extensive writings and project files; financial records; printed material; a scrapbook of clippings; holiday cards with original prints and sketches; photographic material; and artifacts. Also found are project files related to Nancy Holt's film Pine Barrens and her seminal environmental work of art Sun Tunnels, including a video documentary about Sun Tunnels.

Biographical material includes Robert Smithson's curriculum vitae, personal identification and medical documents, eight engagement/day planners Smithson and Holt maintained from 1966 to 1973, and Smithson's funeral register.

Correspondence is primarily with Smithson's family, friends, fellow artists, and business associates discussing personal relationships, proposed art projects, and exhibitions. Correspondents of note include Carl Andre, the Dwan Gallery (Virginia Dwan), Dan Graham, Will Insley, Ray Johnson, Gyorgy Kepes, Sol Lewitt, Lucy Lippard, and Dennis Wheeler. There is also substantial correspondence received by Holt upon Smithson's death in 1973, and between Holt and the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art regarding Smithson's retrospective exhibition in 1982.

There are nine interview transcripts with Smithson discussing his works and his general philosophy on art, and one transcript of the Andrew Dickson White Museum's Earth Art Symposium (1969) featuring the following artists: Mike Hiezer, Dennis Oppenheim, Robert Smithson, Neil Jenney, Gunther Uecker, Jan Dibbets, Richard Long, and Hans Haacke.

Writings are substantial and include 73 drafts of published and unpublished essays by Smithson on art, artists, and works in progress. The series also includes poems by Smithson, six notebooks containing notes and sketches by Smithson, and drafts of writings sent to Smithson and Holt by friends and colleagues, including Carl Andre, Terry Atkinson, Dan Flavin, Dan Graham, and Jack Thibeau.

Project files contain correspondence, project instructions, diagrams and sketches, research materials, photographic material, and maps related to over 50 of Smithson's artworks. These include concepts, proposed projects, sculptures, non-sites, and earthwork projects, including Spiral Jetty, Broken Circle, and Spiral Hill.

Personal business records include gallery related loan arrangements and receipts for miscellaneous art supplies. Financial records include tax forms and preparation documents, including cancelled checks, receipts, statements, and related correspondence.

Printed materials include books, clippings, and periodicals related to Smithson, either containing writings or sketches by him, or containing articles reviewing his work. There are also exhibition announcements and catalogs of Smithson's group and solo shows from 1959 to 1985.

The scrapbook contains clippings of Smithson's published articles from 1966 to 1973 with annotated shorthand notes.

Artwork consists of Christmas cards collaged by Smithson, and sketches by Smithson and Leo Valledor.

Photographic materials include prints and negatives of Smithson with friends, promotional Hollywood movie stills, and original prints and copyprints of other artists' artwork.

Artifacts consist of a paper bag silkscreened with a Campbell's soup can (Warhol), promotional buttons (N.E. Thing Co.), various organic materials, and two art kits.

Nancy Holt's papers consist of correspondence, a grant application, printed materials, and project files and audio visual material related to her motion picture film Pine Barrens (1975) and her seminal environmental work of art Sun Tunnels (1975).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 13 series:

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1905-1974 (Box 1; 14 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1959-1987 (Boxes 1-2, OV 21; 1.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Interview Transcripts, 1966-1973 (Box 2; 11 folders)

Series 4: Writings, 1959-1975 (Boxes 2-3; 1.1 linear feet)

Series 5: Project Files, circa 1950s-1982 (Boxes 4-5, Boxes 17-18, OV 20, OV 22-26, OV 36, RD 28-30, RD 32-35; 6.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Personal Business Records, circa 1967-1970s (Box 5; 4 folders)

Series 7: Financial Records, 1962-1972 (Box 6; 1 linear foot)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1955-1985 (Boxes 7-11, Box 18, RD 31; 5.6 linear feet)

Series 9: Scrapbook, 1966-1973 (Box 11, Box 16; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1950s-1970s (Box 11; 4 folders)

Series 11: Photographs, circa 1950s-1970s (Box 11, Box 18; 5 folders)

Series 12: Artifacts, circa 1950s-1970s (Box 11, Box 14, OV 19; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 13: Nancy Holt Papers, circa 1960s-1980s (Box 12-13, 15, OV 27, FC 37-38; 1.9 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Robert Smithson (1938-1973) was the pioneer of land and earthworks art. He was also a noted sculptor, painter, writer, and lecturer working primarily in New York City. Smithson's wife, Nancy Holt (1938-) was a noted sculptor and filmmaker and also worked as an earthworks artist.

Born in Passaic, New Jersey, Smithson expressed an early interest in art, enrolling in classes at the Brooklyn Museum School and the Art Student's League in New York while still attending high school. Smithson's early works were primarily paintings, drawings, and collages. In 1959, he exhibited his first solo show of paintings at the Artists' Gallery in New York and had his first solo international show in Rome with the Galleria George Lester in 1961.

During the early to mid-1960s, Smithson was perhaps better known as a writer and art critic, writing numerous essays and reviews for Arts Magazine and Artforum. He became affiliated with artists who were identified with the minimalist movement, such as Carl Andre, Donald Judd, Nancy Holt, Sol LeWitt, Robert Morris and others. In 1963, Smithson married sculptor and filmmaker Nancy Holt and a year later started to create his first sculptural works. In 1966, Smithson joined the Dwan Gallery, whose owner Virginia Dwan was an enthusiastic supporter of his work.

Smithson's interest in land art began in the late 1960s while exploring industrial and quarry sites and observing the movement of earth and rocks. This resulted in a series of sculptures called "non-sites" consisting of earth and rocks collected from a specific site and installed in gallery space, often combined with photographs, maps, mirrors, or found materials. In September 1968, Smithson published the essay "A Sedimentation of the Mind: Earth Projects" in Artforum that promoted the work of the first wave of land art artists. Soon thereafter, he began creating his own large scale land art and earthworks.

From 1967 to 1973, Smithson's productivity was constant as he wrote, lectured, and participated in several solo and group shows a year, both at home and abroad. He explored narrative art as essay in "The Monuments of Passaic" and fully committed to his idea of visiting sites and using them as the basis for creating non-sites, Non-Site, Pine Barrens, (1968); incorporated and documented the use of mirrors at sites in Mirror Displacement, Cayuga Salt Mine Project (1968-1969); and created his first site-specific works through liquid pours of mud, asphalt, and concrete, including Asphalt Rundown (1969). In 1969, he also completed his first earth pour at Kent State University with his project Partially Buried Woodshed. Later that year, he created the sculptural artwork for which he is best known, Spiral Jetty (1969) on the Great Salt Lake in Utah. This was the first of his pieces to require the acquisition of land rights and earthmoving equipment, and would be followed two years later by Broken Circle and Spiral Hill in 1971.

On July 20, 1973, while surveying sites in Texas for the proposed Amarillo Ramp, Smithson died in a plane crash at the age of 35. Despite his early death, Smithson's writings and artwork had a major impact on many contemporary artists.

Nancy Holt began her career as a photographer and video artist. Today, Holt is most widely known for her large-scale environmental works, Sun Tunnels and Dark Star Park. Holt has also made a number of films and videos since the late 1960s, including Mono Lake (1968), East Coast, West Coast (1969), and Swamp (1971) in collaboration with her late husband Robert Smithson. Points of View: Clocktower (1974) features conversations between Lucy Lippard and Richard Serra, Liza Bear and Klaus Kertess, Carl Andre and Ruth Kligman and Bruce Brice and Tina Girouard. In 1978, she produced a film about her seminal work Sun Tunnels.
Related Material:
The Archives also holds several collections related to Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt, including an oral history interview with Robert Smithson conducted by Paul Cummings in 1972; an interview with Robert Smithson conducted by Tony Robbin in 1968; Robert Smithson letters to George B. Lester, 1960-1963; and oral history interviews with Nancy Holt conducted by Scott Gutterman in 1992 and Joyce Pomeroy Schwartz in 1993.
Separated Material:
Non-archival library books, periodicals, and phonographs from Robert Smithson's personal library are currently stored offsite.
Provenance:
The papers of Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt were donated by Nancy Holt in several accretions between 1986 and 2011.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Earthworks (Art)  Search this
Filmmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Greeting cards
Photographs
Transcripts
Motion pictures (visual works)
Citation:
Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers, 1905-1987, bulk 1952-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.smitrobe
See more items in:
Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-smitrobe
Additional Online Media:

[Photographs of artists taken by Mimi Jacobs, photographer], 1971-1981

Creator:
Jacobs, Mimi, 1911-1999  Search this
Subject:
Zammitt, Norman  Search this
Brice, William  Search this
Brown, Joan  Search this
Wasserstein, Julius  Search this
Saar, Betye  Search this
Gilhooly, David  Search this
Benton, Fletcher Chapman  Search this
Villa, Carlos  Search this
Saunders, Raymond  Search this
Hudson, Robert H.  Search this
Adams, Mark  Search this
Beasley, Bruce  Search this
Richardson, Sam  Search this
Arnoldi, Charles Arthur  Search this
Dill, Guy  Search this
Anderson, Jeremy Radcliffe  Search this
De Forest, Roy  Search this
Bechtle, Robert Alan  Search this
Raffael, Joseph  Search this
Voulkos, Peter  Search this
Dickinson, Eleanor Creekmore  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Chicago, Judy  Search this
Wiley, William T.  Search this
Johnson, Robert E. Robert Emory,  Search this
Paris, Harold Persico  Search this
Lobdell, Frank  Search this
Adams, Ansel  Search this
Ramos, Mel  Search this
Todd, Mike  Search this
Irwin, Robert  Search this
Valledor, Leo  Search this
McLean, Richard Thorpe  Search this
Gooch, Gerald  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu  Search this
Hedrick, Wally  Search this
Allan, William George  Search this
DeLap, Tony  Search this
Hopkins, Henry T. (Henry Tyler)  Search this
Sinton, Nell  Search this
DeFeo, Jay  Search this
Berlant, Anthony  Search this
Bischoff, Elmer  Search this
Oliveira, Nathan  Search this
Martin, Bill  Search this
Beall, Dennis Ray  Search this
Mullican, Lee  Search this
Armer, Ruth  Search this
Wonner, Paul John  Search this
Nauman, Bruce  Search this
Ihle, John Livingston  Search this
Siegriest, Louis B.  Search this
Neri, Manuel  Search this
Cunningham, Imogen  Search this
Francis, Sam  Search this
Goldyne, Joseph R.  Search this
Conner, Bruce Guldner  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Asawa, Ruth  Search this
Arneson, Robert  Search this
Thiebaud, Wayne  Search this
Reichman, Fred  Search this
Graham, Robert  Search this
Holland, Tom  Search this
Light, Alvin  Search this
Howard, Robert Boardman  Search this
Celmins, Vija  Search this
Woelffer, Emerson  Search this
Blunk, J. B.  Search this
Shaw, Richard Blake  Search this
Kauffman, Craig  Search this
Falkenstein, Claire  Search this
Gordon, Russell Talbert  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Photographers  Search this
Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9285
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211480
AAA_collcode_jacomimi
Theme:
Audio - Visual
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211480

Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc., and Paula Cooper Gallery records, 1961-2006

Creator:
Park Place Gallery Art Research, Inc  Search this
Subject:
Cooper, Paula  Search this
Grosvenor, Robert  Search this
Forakis, Peter  Search this
Valledor, Leo  Search this
Novros, David  Search this
Magar, Anthony  Search this
Di Suvero, Mark  Search this
Campus, Peter  Search this
Fleming, Dean  Search this
Smith, Tony  Search this
Ruda, Ed  Search this
Myers, Forrest Warden  Search this
Melcher, Tamara  Search this
Shields, Alan  Search this
Murray, Elizabeth  Search this
Bartlett, Jennifer  Search this
Thompson, Bob (Robert Louis)  Search this
Leonard, Zoe  Search this
Park Place Gallery Art Research, Inc  Search this
Paula Cooper Gallery  Search this
Paula Johnson Gallery  Search this
Type:
Transcripts
Interviews
Photographs
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13392
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)264503
AAA_collcode_parkplag
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_264503
Additional Online Media:

Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers, 1905-1987, bulk 1952-1987

Creator:
Smithson, Robert, 1938-1973  Search this
Holt, Nancy, 1938-  Search this
Subject:
Atkinson, Terry  Search this
Valledor, Leo  Search this
Johnson, Ray  Search this
Andre, Carl  Search this
Heizer, Michael  Search this
Long, Richard  Search this
Lippard, Lucy R.  Search this
Dwan, Virginia  Search this
Haacke, Hans  Search this
Insley, Will  Search this
LeWitt, Sol  Search this
Jenney, Neil  Search this
Graham, Dan  Search this
Wheeler, Dennis  Search this
Flavin, Dan  Search this
Oppenheim, Dennis  Search this
Kepes, Gyorgy  Search this
Dibbets, Jan  Search this
Type:
Sketches
Interviews
Greeting cards
Transcripts
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Topic:
Sculptors  Search this
Filmmakers  Search this
Earthworks (Art)  Search this
Art  Search this
Authors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7105
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209239
AAA_collcode_smitrobe
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209239
Additional Online Media:

Oral History interview with Carlos Villa, 1995 June 20-July 10

Interviewee:
Villa, Carlos, 1936-2013  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J., 1941-  Search this
Subject:
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Neri, Manuel  Search this
Garcia, Rupert  Search this
Valledor, Leo  Search this
Hudson, Robert H.  Search this
Berman, Wallace  Search this
Brown, Joan  Search this
Bischoff, Elmer Nelson  Search this
Wiley, William T.  Search this
Park Place Gallery Art Research, Inc  Search this
University of California, San Francisco.School of Fine Arts  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Asian American artists  Search this
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Filipino American artists  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5561
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215877
AAA_collcode_villa95
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Asian American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215877
Additional Online Media:

With new eyes: Toward an Asian American art history on the West Coast, 1995 October 21

Creator:
Archives of American Art  Search this
Subject:
Obata, Chiura  Search this
Gee, Yun  Search this
Tsutakawa, George  Search this
Valledor, Leo  Search this
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco  Search this
San Francisco State University  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Asian American art  Search this
Asian American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6631
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215943
AAA_collcode_archiv95
Theme:
Asian American
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215943

Oral history interview with Dean Fleming, 2013 August 6 and 7

Interviewee:
Fleming, Dean, 1933-  Search this
Interviewer:
Auther, Elissa, 1966-  Search this
Subject:
Di Suvero, Mark  Search this
Fleming, Linda  Search this
Denefer, Chuck  Search this
Valledor, Leo  Search this
Forakis, Peter  Search this
San Francisco Art Institute  Search this
Park Place Gallery Art Research, Inc  Search this
Carnegie Institute of Technology  Search this
Stoddard-Fleischman History of Rocky Mountain Area Artists project  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Korean War, 1950-1953  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16130
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)363698
AAA_collcode_flemin13
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_363698

Leo Valledor with his painting Echo (for John Coltrane)

Subject:
Valledor, Leo  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1967
Topic:
Artists at or with their work  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14262
See more items in:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc., and Paula Cooper Gallery records, 1961-2006
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14262
Additional Online Media:

Leo Valledor

Photographer:
Jacobs, Mimi, 1911-1999  Search this
Subject:
Valledor, Leo  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1976
Topic:
Portrait photography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5033
See more items in:
[Photographs of artists taken by Mimi Jacobs, photographer], 1971-1981
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5033

Artists of Park Place Gallery

Subject:
Fleming, Dean  Search this
Forakis, Peter  Search this
Grosvenor, Robert  Search this
Myers, Forrest Warden  Search this
Novros, David  Search this
Valledor, Leo  Search this
Park Place Gallery Art Research, Inc  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1967 or 1968
Topic:
Artists in groups  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)7919
See more items in:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc., and Paula Cooper Gallery records, 1961-2006
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_7919

Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records

Creator:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. and Paula Cooper Gallery  Search this
Names:
Park Place Gallery Art Research, Inc.  Search this
Paula Cooper Gallery  Search this
Paula Johnson Gallery  Search this
Bartlett, Jennifer, 1941-  Search this
Campus, Peter, 1937-  Search this
Cooper, Paula, 1938-  Search this
Di Suvero, Mark, 1933-  Search this
Fleming, Dean  Search this
Forakis, Peter  Search this
Grosvenor, Robert, 1937-  Search this
Leonard, Zoe  Search this
Magar, Anthony, 1936-  Search this
Melcher, Tamara  Search this
Murray, Elizabeth, 1940-  Search this
Myers, Forrest Warden, 1941-  Search this
Novros, David, 1941-  Search this
Ruda, Edwin  Search this
Shields, Alan, 1944-  Search this
Smith, Tony, 1912-1980  Search this
Thompson, Bob, 1937-1966  Search this
Valledor, Leo  Search this
Extent:
50 Linear feet
0.001 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Interviews
Transcripts
Photographs
Date:
1961-2006
Summary:
The records of the New York artist-cooperative Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. and the Soho contemporary art gallery Paula Cooper Gallery measure 50 linear feet and 0.001 GB and date from 1961 to 2006. The collection documents the founding of the Park Place Gallery and its artists through correspondence, artists' files, photographic materials, financial records, printed and digital materials, and scattered business records. The bulk of the collection is Paula Cooper Gallery records; nearly two-thirds of which are artists' files containing a variety of materials such as correspondence, printed materials, and photographic materials. Also found is additional business correspondence, business records, financial records, and printed materials for Paula Cooper Gallery, as well as a handful of records from Paula Johnson Gallery.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the New York artist-cooperative Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. and the Soho contemporary art gallery Paula Cooper Gallery measure 50 linear feet and 0.001 GB and date from 1961 to 2006. The collection documents the founding of the Park Place Gallery and its artists through correspondence, artists' files, photographic materials, financial records, printed and digital materials, and scattered business records. The bulk of the collection is Paula Cooper Gallery records; nearly two-thirds of which are artists' files containing a variety of materials such as correspondence, printed materials, and photographic materials. Also found is additional business correspondence, business records, financial records, and printed materials for Paula Cooper Gallery, as well as a handful of records from Paula Johnson Gallery.

The collection is divided in three series, one series for each gallery represented in this collection. The records in each series are not comprehensive and do not represent the full scope of operations at each gallery. Due to the original arrangement of materials, some records related to Park Place Gallery are found in Series 3, and scattered records related to Paula Cooper Gallery are found in Series 2. Researchers are encouraged to reference both series.

Series 1, Paula Johnson Gallery records, contains six folders and includes an artist file for Bob Thompson; two ledger pages of accounts receivables; scattered exhibition announcements and flyers; two photographs of artwork by Vernon Lobb; tax records, and a handful of legal organizational records.

Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records are filed in Series 2 and is arranged in five subseries: correspondence, business files, artists' files, financial records, and printed materials. The correspondence is between gallery employees and clients, museums, and other galleries regarding artwork inquiries, sales and exhibitions. Business files are limited in scope and include documents related to the founding of the gallery, a guest book, and one folder of legal and financial records. Artists' Files for eight of the ten Park Place Gallery artists are found: Dean Fleming, Peter Forakis, Tony Magar, Tamara Melcher, Forrest Myers, David Novros, Edwin Ruda, and Leo Valledor. Not present in this collection are files for Mark di Suvero and Robert Grosvenor. Artists' Files contain a variety of materials including artists' statements, bibliographies, biographies, correspondence, exhibition flyers, interview transcripts, clippings and other printed materials, and photographic materials. Financial Records include check ledgers, a general ledger, paid bill receipts, sales invoices, tax forms, and other miscellaneous financial and banking records. Printed Materials include newspaper clippings, gallery announcements, an interview transcript, a handwritten gallery floor plan, and a poster for the 1964 Park Place Invitational Show drawn by Mark di Suvero with artists' names handwritten by Robert Grosvenor.

The bulk of the collection is the records of Paula Cooper Gallery, Series 3. This series contains similar materials as Series 2 and is arranged in the same five subseries. Correspondence includes responses to appraisal requests (1968-1997) and copies of outgoing gallery correspondence from 1985-1999. Business Files contain documentation related to advertising and renovations to the gallery, as well as an artwork inventory book from the early years of the gallery's operation. The bulk of this series is comprised of Artists' Files which contain varied materials such as correspondence with artists, museums, and galleries regarding installations, artwork fabrication, and other business; biographies and bibliographies; exhibition files; printed materials; and photographic materials of artwork and installations. There is considerable documentation for artists Jennifer Bartlett, Peter Campus, Zoe Leonard, Elizabeth Murray, Alan Shields and the estate of Tony Smith. Sales invoices, consignment records, payment ledgers, cancelled checks and other financial materials are found in Financial Records. Printed Materials are comprised of some newspaper and magazine clippings, an interview transcript, and a copy of a manuscript.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 3 series:

Series 1: Paula Johnson Gallery, 1963-1967 (Box 1; 6 folders)

Series 2: Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc., 1961-1973, 1989 (Boxes 1-4, 50-51, OV 52; 4.1 linear feet)

Series 3: Paula Cooper Gallery, 1962-2006 (Boxes 4-49, 51; 45.7 linear feet, ER01; 0.001 GB)
Historical Note:
The artists' cooperative Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. opened in November 1965 at 542 West Broadway, showing the work of ten young contemporary artists. The cooperative did not represent an art movement, but frequently exhibited large-scale, non-figurative, geometric paintings and sculptures.

Many of the gallery's artists had attended art school in California and shared similar ideas about art, community, and collaboration. Since 1962, they had been informally exhibiting together at 79 Park Place and other various New York City locations under the name Park Place Gallery. With the successes of their informal exhibitions, and the loss of their lease at 79 Park Place, the group formalized their cooperative under the umbrella non-profit, Art Research, Inc. in 1965.

The cooperative was comprised of five sculptors, five painters, and five collectors. Members included sculptors Mark di Suvero, Peter Forakis, Robert Grosvenor, Tony Magar, and Forrest Myers; painters Dean Fleming, Tamara Melcher, David Novros, Edwin Ruda, and Leo Valledor; and collectors Virginia Dwan, Allen and Betty Guiberson, J. Patrick Lannan, Vera List, and John and Lupe Murchison. The collectors each donated an artwork by one of the artists for sale in the gallery, as well as financed the gallery's annual operating budget. As compensation, each collector was given one major work of art by each artist every year.

Paula Cooper (nee. Johnson) joined Park Place Gallery in 1966 and she became director in late 1966-early 1967. Previously, from 1964-1966, she ran Paula Johnson Gallery, showing artwork by Bob Thompson and other young artists.

Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. had its first group show in February 1966. In addition to showing art, the gallery occasionally held jazz sessions and other art-related gatherings. The gallery physically closed at the end of July 1967. However, Paula Cooper continued managing the sale of artwork and organized exhibitions at various locations. The final exhibition of Park Place Gallery artists was held at M.I.T. in late spring of 1968.

Paula Cooper opened Paula Cooper Gallery in Soho at 96 Prince Street in 1968. Her gallery is often credited as being the first gallery in Soho and thus paved the way for the migration of uptown galleries to the neighborhood. From the beginning, the gallery showed primarily conceptual and minimalist art and she continued representing some of the Park Place artists. Artists represented by Paula Cooper Gallery and found in this collection include Jennifer Bartlett, Dara Birnbaum, Peter Campus, Michael Hurson, Zoe Leonard, Robert Mangold, Elizabeth Murray, Cady Noland, Adrian Piper, Ulrich RĂ¼ckriem, Edwin Ruda, Alan Shields, the estate of Tony Smith, Joseph White, Chris Wilmarth, Kes Zapkus, and many others. The gallery continues to operate in Chelsea on West 21st Street.

Sources consulted include "Reimaging Space: the Park Place Gallery Group in 1960s New York" by Linda Dalrymple Henderson, published by Blanton Museum of Art, 2008; and, "Art and Space: Park Place and the beginning of the Paula Cooper Gallery," by Liza Kirwin, 2007 (http://www.aaa.si.edu/exhibitions/paula-cooper).
Related Material:
Related collections found among the holdings of the Archives of America include a sound recording of a lecture given by Paula Cooper (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston sound recordings, May 18, 1983-February 8, 1984); audio tapes which include Paula Cooper (Bruce D. Kurtz video and audio recordings and papers, 1966-1995); and two silent 16mm films by Kenny Schneider (Park Place Gallery artists films, 1967.)
Provenance:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records were donated by Paula Cooper, director of the galleries, in two accessions in 2006 and 2009.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. They may be used for research, study, and scholarship. Authorization to quote, publish or reproduce requires written permission from Paula Cooper, 534 West 21st Street, New York, NY 10011.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Transcripts
Photographs
Citation:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records, 1961-2006. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.parkplag
See more items in:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-parkplag

Valledor, Leo

Collection Creator:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. and Paula Cooper Gallery  Search this
Extent:
2 Folders
Container:
Box 2, Folder 13-14
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1965-1971
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. They may be used for research, study, and scholarship. Authorization to quote, publish or reproduce requires written permission from Paula Cooper, 534 West 21st Street, New York, NY 10011.
Collection Citation:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records, 1961-2006. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records / Series 2: Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. / 2.3: Artists' Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-parkplag-ref64

Valledor, Leo, Slides

Collection Creator:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. and Paula Cooper Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1964-1967
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. They may be used for research, study, and scholarship. Authorization to quote, publish or reproduce requires written permission from Paula Cooper, 534 West 21st Street, New York, NY 10011.
Collection Citation:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records, 1961-2006. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records / Series 2: Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. / 2.3: Artists' Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-parkplag-ref65

Valledor, Leo

Collection Creator:
James Graham & Sons  Search this
Container:
Box 59, Folder 26
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1966-1968
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Artwork Files (Boxes 63-71, 94) and some photographic materials (Box 93 and 101) require written permission to access.
Collection Rights:
The James Graham & Sons records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
James Graham & Sons records, 1815, 1821, circa 1896-2011, bulk 1950s-1980s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James Graham & Sons records
James Graham & Sons records / Series 3: Artists' Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-jamegras-ref1496

Valledor, Leo

Collection Creator:
James Graham & Sons  Search this
Container:
Box 91, Folder 31
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Artwork Files (Boxes 63-71, 94) and some photographic materials (Box 93 and 101) require written permission to access.
Collection Rights:
The James Graham & Sons records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
James Graham & Sons records, 1815, 1821, circa 1896-2011, bulk 1950s-1980s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James Graham & Sons records
James Graham & Sons records / Series 10: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-jamegras-ref2136

Nancy Genn, John Okulick, Jack Scott, Leo Valledor : four solo exhibitions : September 21-October 14, 1976, Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art in the ABC Entertainment Center / Sandy Ballatore

Title:
Four solo exhibitions
Author:
Ballatore, Sandy  Search this
Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art  Search this
Subject:
Genn, Nancy Exhibitions  Search this
Okulick, John Exhibitions  Search this
Scott, Jack 1953- Exhibitions  Search this
Valledor, Leo 1936- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
[13] p. : ill. ; 18 x 28cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
California
Date:
1976
20th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Call number:
N6530.C2 N36 1976
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_634665

Leo Valledor, 1936- [Folder]

Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Location:
Art & Artist files at the Smithsonian American Art Museum/ National Portrait Gallery Library
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILAF_65455

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