Science, Medicine and Society, Division of (NMAH, SI). Search this
Box 6, Folder 13
Scope and Contents note:
Perry Point, Maryland
The collection is open for research use.
Stored off-site. Arrangements must be made with the Archives Center staff two-weeks prior to a scheduled research visit. Reference copies of audio visual materials must be used.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Garfield and Company Records, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
These papers consist of incoming and outgoing correspondence primarily documenting Wirth's career at the USDA and his research on Diptera. Also included are small amounts
of correspondence concerning his work with the United States Public Health Service and his tenure as a Fulbright Research Scholar in Australia, 1956-1957. The correspondence
concerns the identification of specimens, the preparation and publication of research papers, and the review of manuscripts and proposals.
Willis W. Wirth (1916-1994), an entomologist, was educated at Iowa State College, B.S., 1940; Louisiana State University, M.S., 1947; and the University of California,
Ph.D., 1950. From 1942 to 1947 he served as Senior Assistant Sanitarian with the United States Public Health Service. In 1949, Wirth was appointed Entomologist with the Division
of Insect Identification, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), and assigned to taxonomic work at the United States National
Museum. He remained with the USDA until 1984, when he retired from the Systematic Entomology Laboratory. Wirth's research specialty was the taxonomy of Diptera. He died September
3, 1994, in Gainesville, Florida.
The papers of George B. Vogt primarily document his entomological research and field work during his career with the USDA. They also concern, to a lesser extent, his
work with the United States Public Health Service, 1942-1947, and entomological research before and after his career in federal service. They include correspondence and memoranda
concerning the identification of specimens, publication of scientific papers, professional activities, and field work, especially his trips to Burma, Spain and southwestern
Asia, and South America; field notes, 1933-1991, which contain information on specimens collected; and correspondence, notes, and drafts from his work on a chapter on Coleoptera
which appeared in Insects of Panama and Mesoamerica: Selected Studies, 1992.
George B. Vogt (1920-1991), an entomologist and authority on leaf beetles and longhorned beetles, was educated at the University of Maryland (B.S., 1941; M.S., 1949).
His professional career began in 1942 when he joined the United States Public Health Service as an Entomologist assigned to various World War II studies. In 1949, Vogt was
appointed Entomologist with the Insect Detection and Identification Branch, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), and assigned to taxonomic work at the United States
National Museum. He remained with the Branch, and its successor organization, the Systematic Entomology Laboratory (SEL) until 1972, when he was reassigned to the USDA's Southern
Weed Science Lab (SWSL) in Stoneville, Mississippi. Vogt retired from the USDA in 1978, but continued his research at the SEL and SWSL until his death.
Vogt participated in several field expeditions during his career at the USDA. From 1950 to 1952, he was in Burma working on a mosquito survey. In 1956, Vogt explored Spain
and southwest Asia for potential biological control agents for the weed Halogeton, and from 1960 to 1962, he traveled to South America to conduct investigations on the natural
enemies of alligator weed.
McCauley, Robert H., Jr. (Robert Henry), 1913-1979 Search this
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box) (1 document box)
Robert H. McCauley (1913-1979), a herpetologist, spent most of his professional career at the National Institutes of Health. These papers document his herpetological
research and include correspondence with professional colleagues primarily concerning his research on the reptiles of Washington, D.C. and Maryland; a diary kept during his
service with the United States Public Health Service during World War II; and newspaper clippings, publications, photographs, and 35mm color slides mostly concerning snakes.
The papers of Edward L. Todd consist of professional correspondence documenting his research in Lepidoptera and Hemiptera at the USDA. Also included are notes from
professional meetings, research projects, and grant information.
Edward L. Todd (1922-1986) was born in Eureka, Kansas. He attended the University of Kansas in Lawrence, where he earned his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees. From 1945
until 1950, Todd was an Assistant and Laboratory Instructor in the entomology and general biology departments at the University. After receiving his Ph.D. in 1950, Todd worked
from 1951 to 1952 as an entomologist for the Communicable Disease Center, United States Public Health Service, in Georgia.
In 1953, Todd became a Research Entomologist with the Division of Insect Identification, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), located in the United States National
Museum. In 1972, the Division became the Systematic Entomology Laboratory. Todd remained at the USDA until his retirement in 1979, working on the systematics and taxonomy
of Lepidoptera (Noctuidae) and Hemiptera (Gelastocoridae).
The collection documents Dr. Seidell's thoughts and processes about the subject of microfilming.
Scope and Contents:
The arrangement is original and reflects Dr. Seidell's thoughts and processes as he documented and studied microfilming. Series 1: Biographical contains a book of clippings collected by Dr. Seidell. These clippings represent his published articles and the rebuttals of others on the subject of the dissemination of information. Series 4: The Handmaiden, 1941-1961, deals with current lists of medical literature, both papers and bound proceedings and the index cards provide a detailed list of items found in each series as well as bibliographic information.
The collection is arranged into seven series.
Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1946-1961
Series 2: Microfilming What, 1934-1959
Series 3: Microfilming How, 1934-1961
Series 4: The Handmaiden, 1941-1961
Series 5: Microfilming History, 1932-1960
Series 6: Microfilming Whither Now? 1951-1957
Series 7: Epilogue and Index, 1964
Biographical / Historical:
Atherton Seidell (1878-1961) was a research chemist. He earned a Bachelors degree from the University of Georgia (1898), a Masters from George Washington University (1901) and a Ph.D from Johns Hopkins University (1903). Seidell worked as a chemist for the United States Department of Agriculture, the National Institute of Health and the United States Public Health Service. He authored the Solubilities of Inorganic and Organic Compounds, a compilation of classification of thousands of chemical compounds. He was an early advocate of microfilm copying services and put forth efforts to encourage more reference libraries to adopt microfilm copying as an extension of their services. He also believed that all recorded scientific knowledge should be made available to researchers and that publicly supported reference libraries should provide microfilming free of charge. Seidell established the Medicofilm Service at the Army Medical Library and founded the Current List of Medical Literature.
Collection donated to the Division of Photographic History by Vernon Tate in 1978.
Collection is open for research.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction of some materials restricted due to copyright or trademark. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
This collection consists mostly of incoming and outgoing correspondence documenting Cartwright's research on Coleoptera. Also included are records concerning his curatorial
work at the Division of Insects, USNM, and the Department of Entomology, NMNH; field work; and professional activities. Smaller amounts of correspondence were written during
his pre-Smithsonian career. The collection also contains a few photographs and illustrations of beetles, and research notes.
Oscar L. Cartwright (1900-1983) was a coleopterist and specialist on the biology and taxonomy of scarab beetles. He was educated at Allegheny College (B.S., 1923) and
Ohio State University (M.S., 1925). In 1925, Cartwright was appointed Assistant Entomologist at the South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station at Clemson College. He remained
at Clemson until 1948, except for the years 1945-1946 when he was employed by the United States Public Health Service to study mosquito and rat borne diseases in South Carolina
and Tennessee. In 1948, Cartwright was appointed Associate Curator in the Division of Insects, United States National Museum (USNM). When the Department of Entomology was
created in 1963, as part of a reorganization of the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), Cartwright was appointed Curator and supervisor of the Division of Coleoptera.
After his retirement in 1970, Cartwright continued his research as an Emeritus Entomologist at NMNH.
Cartwright was an authority on Western Hemisphere Aphodiinae, a subfamily of scarab beetles. He conducted field work in the southeastern United States, Costa Rica, El Salvador,
Guatemala, and the Bahama Islands. His bibliography included over 80 titles in which 132 new taxa were described. Seventeen beetles were named in his honor.
The Macgregor papers document the man's career very unevenly. Most of the material concerns his work with the Public Health Service and most of that concerns a study carried out in Bristol, Vermont. There are also materials concerning a survey carried out in the Great Plains and a study involving junior high school students in Prince Georges County, Maryland.
The papers also include miscellaneous documents relating to Macgregor's position with the Technical Cooperation Administration. Notably, there are transcripts and other materials of anthropologists who lectured at the Foreign Service Institute to technicians being sent overseas as part of the Point IV program. There is also a copy of a training manual for Point IV that was prepared through a contract with the American Anthropological Association, a program with which Macgregor became involved as a TCA administrator who reviewed the drafts of the manual. In addition, there are reports from Eliot D. Chapple on materials prepared for film producers under a contract between the U. S. Department of State International Motion Pictures Division and the Society for Applied Anthropology Film Planning Project. A very few items in the collection relate to Macgregor's work with the Committee on International Exchange of Persons.
There is little or no material relating to Macgregor's interest in old world archeology and none concerning his interest in Oceania. The file of American Indian materials is largely a miscellany of reference items, the main exception being a few notes on the Navaho and material relating to American Indian Development, Inc. None of that material appears to concern Macgregor's BIA work, and none of it relates to his study of the Dakota Indians.
Gordon Macgregor (1902-1984) was trained at Yale (BA, 1925) and Harvard (PhD, 1935). Although he worked in old world archeology and Oceanic ethnology, the major portion of his career was devoted to applied anthropology in government service. From 1936 to 1945, he was engaged as an anthropologist with the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and he served from 1945 to 1947 as superintendent of the Northern Cheyenne agency. In 1947-1949, he was a social economist with the BIA Missouri River Basin Unit which was concerned with preparations for the removal of Indians from their lands because of the construction of dams by the federal government. In this work, Macgregor was involved with the tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation.
After two years as a Pacific specialist with the Department of Interior Office of Territories in 1949 to 1951, Macgregor became an anthropologist with the Technical Cooperation Administration of the Department of State. The TCA was involved in aspects of the Point IV program. In 1953-1956, Macgregor became a research associate of the Committee on International Exchange of Persons of the Conference Board of Associated Research Council. Under the Fulbright-Hays Act, the committee administered exchanges between the United States and other countries involving university lecturing and advanced research.
In 1957-1966, Macgregor served as senior anthropologist with the United States Public Health Service. In that position, he was involved in a study of local public health practice with the view toward improving the means of providing public health service.
Those interested in Macgregor's work for the BIA Missouri River Basin Unit may wish to consult NAA manuscript 4805, which consists of research and reference materials of the University of Chicago Fort Berthold Project. That material includes a few papers and reports, largely mimeographed, written by Macgregor in the course of his work with the unit. Those interested in additional material concerning the Point IV program and the American Anthropological Association are advised to examine AAA records in the National Anthropological Archives. It might be noted, however, that Macgregor was not the State Department's main contact with the AAA and relatively few documents in the AAA record relate to him.
Questionnaires in the Macgregor papers that resulted from Public Health Service surveys are restricted to use by qualified researchers who agree to protect the identities of the interviewees.
The Macgregor papers are open for research. Access to the Macgregor papers requires an appointment.
Gordon Macgregor papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The Smithsonian Videohistory Program, funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation from 1986 until 1992, used video in historical research. Additional collections have
been added since the grant project ended. Videohistory uses the video camera as a historical research tool to record moving visual information. Video works best in historical
research when recording people at work in environments, explaining artifacts, demonstrating process, or in group discussion. The experimental program recorded projects that
reflected the Institution's concern with the conduct of contemporary science and technology.
Smithsonian historians participated in the program to document visual aspects of their on-going historical research. Projects covered topics in the physical and biological
sciences as well as in technological design and manufacture. To capture site, process, and interaction most effectively, projects were taped in offices, factories, quarries,
laboratories, observatories, and museums. Resulting footage was duplicated, transcribed, and deposited in the Smithsonian Institution Archives for scholarship, education,
and exhibition. The collection is open to qualified researchers.
Ramunas Kondratas, curator at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History (NMAH), interviewed Ledley, Homer Twigg, Robert Zeman, David Greigo, and Seong Ki
Mun about the history of CAT scanning in general, and the development and operation of the ACTA scanner in particular, as well as Ledley's more recent work in biotechnology
instrumentation. Kondratas also visually documented CAT scanning equipment, from the earliest model ACTA scanner to most recent CT scanners.
This collection consists of five interview sessions, totalling approximately 8:26 hours of recordings, and 154 pages of transcript. There are three generations of tape
for each session: originals, dubbing masters, and reference copies. In total, this collection is comprised of 24 original videotapes (23 Beta videotapes, and 1 U-Matic videotape),
10 dubbing master videotapes (10 U-Matic videotapes), and 7 reference copy videotapes (7 VHS videotapes). The videotapes in this collection have been remastered digitally,
with 24 motion jpeg 2000 and 24 mpeg digital files for preservation, and 11 Windows Media Video and 11 Real Media Video digital files for reference.Also included is one audio
interview, totalling approximately 4:30 hours of audiotape, and 96 pages of transcript.
The ACTA (Automatic Computerized Transverse Axial) scanner was developed in 1973. The introduction of this first full-body CAT (Computer Assisted Tomography)--or CT
(Computerized Tomography)--scanner lead to advancement in medical imaging and diagnostic medicine, especially for non-invasive viewing of soft tissue inside the body. The
machine revolutionized diagnosis in cancer, heart disease, and soft tissue irregularities by transmitting X-ray beams through transverse axial slices of the body, resulting
in computerized cross-sectional images of the body part scanned. Robert S. Ledley, of Georgetown University Medical Center, designed the ACTA scanner, and it was first used
in clinical operation there in 1973.
Robert Ledley received a D.D.S. degree from New York College of Dentistry in 1948 and a M.A. degree in theoretical physics from Columbia University in 1950. Shortly thereafter
he worked for both the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and Technology) and the Johns Hopkins University as a physicist and research analyst.
From 1968 to 1970, he was professor of Electrical Engineering in the School of Engineering and Applied Science at the George Washington University. In 1960 he founded and
became president of the National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF). He joined the School of Medicine, Georgetown University Medical Center in 1970 as a professor in the
Department of Physiology and Biophysics. In 1974 he became a professor in the Medical Center's Department of Radiology and in 1975 was appointed director of the Medical Computing
and Biophysics Division.
Homer Twigg graduated from the University of Maryland Medical School in 1951 and entered the United States Public Health Service where he received training in radiology.
In 1957, he joined the Radiology Department of the Georgetown University Medical Center and was one of the first radiologists to work with Dr. Ledley in applying the ACTA
scanner to clinical situations.
Robert Zeman received his M.D. from Northwestern University in 1976. In 1977 he began his residency at Yale New Haven Hospital, in New Haven, Connecticut, and was appointed
assistant professor of Diagnostic Radiology at Yale University in 1981. The following year he joined Georgetown University School of Medicine as an assistant professor of
Radiology and held numerous other positions there until his appointment as Clinical Director of the Department of Diagnostic Radiology in 1986.
David Griego, Georgetown University Medical Center CAT scanning supervisor and radiology specialist, and Seong Ki Mun, director of the Division of Imaging Physics were
interviewed for their knowledge of current trends in the field of medical imaging.
The Leuman Maurice Waugh collection contains papers, photographs, and film holdings that were created by Waugh during his dental research expeditions to indigenous communities in Newfoundland and Labrador in eastern Canada and in Arctic Alaska.
Scope and Contents:
The Leuman Maurice Waugh collection contains materials created and compiled by Dr. Leuman Waugh during his research expeditions to Arctic Alaska and the Newfoundland and Labrador regions of Eastern, Canada circa 1909-1963. During these trips, Waugh studied the dental health of Indigenous communities in the region and treated patients.
The collection contains materials that were created and collected by Waugh during his research trips and include raw dental data and community census information; professional and personal correspondence; clippings, articles, and essays; reports and lectures; logistics and trip planning documents; postcards; journals; and sketches and drawings, among other materials.
The collection also contains over 4,000 photographs and 80 16mm film reels that were shot by Waugh during his research trips and document his work with Indigenous communities in Alaska and eastern Canada.
Waugh's original order was disturbed over the years after his death and during transfer from the Waugh family to the Rankin Museum. NMAI archivists elected to arrange the collection chronologically.
The records are organized in the following series: I. Dental study data and logistics, II. Correspondence, III. Writings, IV. Realia and ephemera, V. Press clippings and public relations materials, VI. Maps and other oversized materials.Chronological arrangement.
Born on March 6, 1877 in New Dundee, Ontario, Canada, Leuman Maurice Waugh, moved to Rochester, New York, with his family at the age of nine. He acquired his love for photography in Rochester, which always attributed as the "Kodak city." Following in his father's dentistry footsteps, Waugh attended the University of Buffalo, from which he received his D.D.S. in 1900. He took post-graduate studies in Histology, Bacteriology, and Pathology at Buffalo's School of Medicine, and within two years was appointed Professor of Histology and Embryology at his alma mater. In 1912, Waugh pioneered the design of a unit-type x-ray machine for use at the dental chair, which was later studied and adopted by large dental apparatus manufacturers. By the time he left Buffalo in 1914 to specialize in the infant field of orthodontics in New York City, he had served as Professor of Special Pathology and Officer of the Governing Faculty at the university.
In 1915, Waugh served on the Organization Committee of the Columbia Dental School and shortly thereafter became its Secretary of the Dental Faculty, and sequentially Secretary of the Administrative Board and Professor of Histology and Embryology. In 1921 he was appointed Professor and Director of the Orthodontic Division of the school, and later served as Associate Director, Acting Director and Associate Dean. Waugh's affiliation with Columbia lasted through 1945. He served as Director of the American Board of Orthodontics from 1949 to 1953, and was asked to serve as Secretary-Chairman of the Orthodontia section of the American Association of Dental Schools in 1930, and as President in 1935. Waugh married Helen "Esty" Marshall, and had a son, Donald (also a dentist), and a daughter, Dorothy.
An active member of the Explorer's Club and Commodore of the Yachting Department of the New York Athletic Club, Waugh volunteered to undertake Alaskan studies on caries research among the Inuit for the U.S. Public Health Service. In 1929, the Health Service appointed Waugh Dental Director (Reserve) at the rank of Colonel. Waugh was apparently inspired by a lecture he heard as a student in 1908 from Dr. Ales Hrdlicka, Smithsonian Curator of Physical Anthropology at the Institute of Dental Pedagogics, on the dental conditions of human populations. Waugh privately carried out a Labrador study between 1921 and d1927 over the course of five summers. Under the sometimes-partial aegis of the U.S. Public Heath Service, Waugh also studied twelve Alaskan Inuit communities between 1929 and 1938. He was the first dental officer in the U.S. Public Service ever assigned to the Coast Guard Cutter Northland's cruise area of the Bering Sea and Alaska Arctic regions. During his trips, Waugh compiled data on the teeth, mouth, and diet of indigenous communities. In addition, he took many photographs and films of both dental subjects and indigenous communities.
Waugh's son, Donald, accompanied him on his 1935 expedition up the Kuskokwim River (Alaska) in their custom designed and built 29 foot yacht Nanuk Mi-kin-inni (Polar Bear Cub). In 1936, Waugh was appointed to a position with the Alaska Health Service by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior via the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. This position allowed him to further his studies of tooth decay throughout Alaska and the Bering Sea region. Waugh's 1937 expedition included three dentists (one a biochemist), a physician and a nurse, and involved extensive air travel in small planes.
A popular lecturer and prolific writer, Waugh continued to advocate for the health of the northern indigenous communities he visited long after his trips ended. He spent the remainder of his professional career at Columbia University, where he rose from Professor of Orthodontia (1923-19435) to (concurrently) Chief of Orthodontia and Director of the Department of Orthodontics. Waugh continued to be active in professional organizations well after his retirement, until a few years before his death at his home in Betterton, Maryland, on May 6, 1972.
Related Archival Materials note:
The National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution hold twenty Waugh photographs which located in the Division of Physical Anthropology Photograph Collection #NAA2223a. NAA also has Waugh material in the Henry Bascom Collins, Jr. Papers, #NAA3131. The Archives and Special Collections at the Augustus C. Long Health Sciences Library, Columbia University holds the School of Dental and Oral Surgery Records, 1892, 1915-1976 as well as the School of Dental and Oral Surgery, Historical Collection, 1892-1989.
The National Museum of the American Indian purchased the Waugh collection in 2001 from the Rankin Museum of American and Natural History in Ellerbee, N.C.
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archivist for an appointment to access the collection.
Access restricted. Some dental records may be restricted from access, reproduction, or publication under personal health information privacy provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archies Center 301-238-1400 or email@example.com for an appointment to access the collection.
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to firstname.lastname@example.org.