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Collom, Rose E. (Mrs.)

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Container:
Box 7 of 44
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 221, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Records
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Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0221-refidd1e1342

Autograph File

Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (2 document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Date:
circa 1897-1945
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of an autograph file of botanists' signatures. The provenance of the file is unclear. It may have been in the possession of Frederick V. Coville.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Botanists  Search this
Autographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 96-151, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Autograph File
Identifier:
Accession 96-151
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Autograph File
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa96-151

Correspondence

Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Extent:
0.25 cu. ft. (1 half document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Date:
1889-1896, 1902
Descriptive Entry:
These records consist of incoming correspondence to Ellen W. Cathcart, scientific assistant in the Division of Botany, United States Department of Agriculture, and concern the identification, determination, and exchange of cryptogams. Some of the correspondence was addressed to Frederick Vernon Coville, Curator of the United States National Herbarium, but was referred to Cathcart for reply.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Botanists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 236, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Correspondence
Identifier:
Record Unit 236
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Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0236

Records

Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Extent:
2 cu. ft. (2 record storage boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Letterpress copybooks
Date:
1902-1922
Descriptive Entry:
Material contains official outgoing letterpress correspondence from Paul Carpenter Standley, United States National Museum, Division of Plants, 1902-1922, regarding identification, examination, and reports of specimens sent to the Division; exchange and purchase of national collections; explorations and collecting expeditions; botanical studies of Standley and other botanists; and letterpress copies of manuscripts.
Historical Note:
Paul Carpenter Standley, botanist, was born in Avalon, Missouri, on March 21, 1884. He attended Drury College in Springfield, Missouri, then transferred to New Mexico State College, where he received his bachelor's and master's degrees in 1907 and 1909. While at New Mexico State College, Standley was an assistant in botany and an assistant botanist at the Agricultural Experiment Station.

On June 1, 1909, Standley accepted an appointment as an assistant curator, Division of Plants, United States National Museum. He became an associate curator of the Division on May 15, 1923. In May 1928, Standley resigned from the USNM to work for the Field Museum of Natural History (Chicago), where he stayed until his retirement in 1950. Standley continued with his field work until 1956. He moved to Tegucigalpa, Honduras, in 1957, remaining there until his death on June 2, 1963.

Standley's main interests of study were the flora of tropical North America and Andean South America. Among his some 260 publications, Standley wrote Trees and Shrubs of Mexico and Flora of Costa Rica.

Standley collaborated with Frederick Vernon Coville, honorary curator, United States National Herbarium, to complete the volumes on the plants of Alaska for the Harriman series, which were never published. This work and related correspondence are in this collection.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Botanists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letterpress copybooks
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 224, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 224
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Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0224

Curatorial Records

Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Extent:
1.58 cu. ft. (1 document box) (3 5x8 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Scientific illustrations
Sketches
Black-and-white photographs
Nitrate materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Ecuador
Brazil
Argentina
Dominican Republic
West Indies, British
Danish West Indies
Date:
1899-1918
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of images of cacti maintained by curator Joseph Nelson Rose. Most images were taken in Ecuador, Brazil, Argentina, the Dominican Republic, the British West Indies, and the Danish West Indies. Some images of people, buildings, and landscapes are also present.

Materials are mostly glass plate negatives and nitrate negatives. There is also a small amount of black and white photographs, illustrations, sketches, and notes.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Cactus  Search this
Botanists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Scientific illustrations
Sketches
Black-and-white photographs
Nitrate materials
Glass negatives
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 13-280, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Curatorial Records
Identifier:
Accession 13-280
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Curatorial Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa13-280

Curatorial Records

Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Clippings
Maps
Scientific illustrations
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
South America
Date:
1906-1925 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of materials documenting the curatorial activities of Joseph Nelson Rose, a curator in the Division of Plants, 1896-1911 and 1917-1928. Rose specialized in the study of cacti. Some materials document Rose's leave of absence from the United States National Museum for field work in South America. Materials include correspondence, manuscripts, notes, newspaper clippings, maps, photographs, and illustrations.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Cactus  Search this
Biology -- Fieldwork  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Maps
Scientific illustrations
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 15-172, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Curatorial Records
Identifier:
Accession 15-172
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Curatorial Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa15-172

Curatorial Records

Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Clippings
Picture postcards
Maps
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Artifacts
Place:
South America
Date:
1907-1925 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of materials documenting the curatorial activities of J. N. (Joseph Nelson) Rose, a curator in the Division of Plants, 1896-1911 and 1917-1928. Rose specialized in the study of cacti. Some materials document Rose's leave of absence from the United States National Museum for field work in South America. Materials include correspondence, postcards, manuscripts, notes, clippings, photographs, a negative, a few small specimens, and a map.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Cactus  Search this
Botanists  Search this
Biology -- Fieldwork  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Picture postcards
Maps
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Artifacts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 18-056, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Curatorial Records
Identifier:
Accession 18-056
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Curatorial Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa18-056

Correspondence

Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Extent:
0.25 cu. ft. (1 half document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Date:
1904-1911
Descriptive Entry:
This material mostly contains Joseph Hannum Painter's incoming and outgoing correspondence with botanists and Smithsonian staff regarding the shipment of specimen collections; the identification of specimens; the mounting of collections and Painter's work on the yellow pond lily Nymphaea; also includes outgoing copies of payments made by Joseph Nelson Rose, acting curator, Division of Plants, for specimen collections; equipment; staff salaries and labor (c. 1908-1911).
Historical Note:
Joseph Hannum Painter (1879-1908) was an aid in the Division of Plants (1904-1908) who died by accidental drowning while canoeing near Plummer's Island in the Potomac River.
Topic:
Botanists  Search this
Botany  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 225, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Correspondence
Identifier:
Record Unit 225
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Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0225

Correspondence

Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Extent:
11 cu. ft. (21 document boxes) (25 microfilm reels)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Letterpress copybooks
Manuscripts
Date:
1870-1893
Descriptive Entry:
Most of these records are the official files of George Vasey as botanist of the United States Department of Agriculture and curator of the United States National Herbarium from 1872 to 1893. They include incoming and occasional outgoing correspondence, mostly to Vasey, but sometimes to Jeremiah M. Rusk, secretary of Agriculture; Edwin Willits, assistant secretary of Agriculture; Frederick Watts and George B. Loring, commissioners of the Department of Agriculture; and C. A. Cammon, assistant commissioner of the Department. All correspondence was referred to Vasey for response; and he either answered it himself or referred it to one of the assistant botanists, Joseph Nelson Rose, Frederick Vernon Coville, or Lyster Hoxie Dewey. Correspondents include leading United States and foreign botanists; colleagues; directors and curators of United States and foreign herbaria; custodians of botanical nurseries; naturalists; plant collectors; dealers in patent medicines; feed companies; seed growers; ranchers; farmers; geological surveys of the United States and Canada; Department of Agriculture staff members and administrative officers; Smithsonian Institution administrators; newspaper publishers and editors; scientific societies; the United States Experimental Grass and Forage Station at Garden City, Kansas; and in particular, botanists from the agricultural and mining colleges and their agricultural experiment stations.

Records concern requests for botanical specimens and seeds; determination, identification, and description of plants, grasses, and seeds; requests for plants to protect embankments; purchase of specimens; transfer of specimens to the National Herbarium; exchange of plant collections; lists of specimens in herbaria; information on plant collection methods; collecting in the field; botanical experiments; publishing taxonomies and other articles on botanical collections; requests for Department of Agriculture publications on American grasses; requests for Smithsonian publications; requests by Vasey for botanical publications; Smithsonian requests for material regarding the National Herbarium for its annual report; requests for jobs with the Department of Agriculture; staff salary increases and transfers of staff members; activities of colleagues and their collections; personal matters; and drafts of manuscripts.

Also included are outgoing letterpress correspondence from Vasey, administrative officers of the Department of Agriculture, and assistant botanists regarding the above subjects.
Historical Note:
The foundations of the present Department of Botany of the National Museum of Natural History are the extensive collections of plants gathered by the government exploring expeditions of the 1800s and those assembled by the United States Department of Agriculture in connection with its investigations. The Smithsonian had original control of the specimens collected by the expeditions, and these were forwarded to John Torrey at Columbia College in New York, who had offered to house and prepare the collection without remuneration. When Torrey returned the specimens in 1868, lack of facilities and manpower led Joseph Henry to arrange for the Department of Agriculture to act as repository for the collection. There it was merged with the existing collection of the Department. Charles Christopher Parry was named botanist of the Department of Agriculture in 1868 to care for the collection and served until 1871. George Vasey was appointed botanist and curator of the National Herbarium in 1872.

Lester Frank Ward, who had been appointed honorary curator of fossil plants in the United States National Museum in 1881, put together another collection of plants for comparison with his fossil specimens. This collection grew to the point where Ward was also named honorary curator of the Department of Recent Plants in 1885. In 1889, Vasey was given charge of the collection and appointed honorary curator of the Department of Botany. He retained this title until his death in 1893.

In 1894, arrangements were made by Frederick Vernon Coville, Vasey's successor, to have the collections housed at the Department of Agriculture moved to the museum. There they were merged with Ward's collection, although transfer of appropriations and personnel did not occur until 1896. Since that time, administration of the United States National Herbarium has come from the United States National Museum's Division of Plants and its successors.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Botanists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letterpress copybooks
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 220, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Correspondence
Identifier:
Record Unit 220
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Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0220

Records

Topic:
American Fern Journal
Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Extent:
15.12 cu. ft. (14 document boxes) (14 tall document boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Letterpress copybooks
Place:
Cuba
West Indies
Mexico
Central America
South America
Asia
Date:
1899-1947
Descriptive Entry:
These records, for the most part, document the history of the collection of the United States National Herbarium (USNH), United States National Museum, Division of Plants, while William Ralph Maxon was aid, assistant curator, associate curator, and curator of the USNH, Division of Plants (1899-1946). This material includes loose incoming and outgoing correspondence between Maxon and U.S. and foreign botanists; colleagues; directors of museums and herbaria; Smithsonian administrative staff officers; botanical collectors and friends. It covers identification, examination, and reports concerning botanical specimens; botanical gifts, loans, or exchanges with other herbaria and collectors; information concerning ferns; carbon copies of Frederick Vernon Coville correspondence regarding recommendations made by Maxon and Joseph Nelson Rose to have leading botanists receive honorary research positions with the USNH; activities of staff members; salaries and annual leave; explorations and collecting expeditions; Maxon's expedition to Cuba (1907) as well as other parts of the West Indies, Mexico, Central America, South America, and Asia; professional potentiality of colleagues and information concerning the affairs of other botanical institutions; manuscripts; requests for publications and reprints; editing and review of scientific articles; scientific society meetings; outgoing letterpress correspondence concerning the above; and material concerning the American Fern Society and its publication, the American Fern Journal (1924-1931).
Historical Note:
William Ralph Maxon, botanist, was born in Oneida, New York, on February 27, 1877, where he received an early interest in the natural sciences from his father, a newspaper editor, who would take him on long walks through the countryside on Sundays when he was a small boy. Maxon entered Syracuse University in 1894 and received a Ph.B. in 1898. While at Syracuse he developed an interest in ferns, and in the summer of 1898 Maxon left for Columbia University to do postgraduate study on ferns under Lucien Marcus Underwood.

In November 1899, Maxon received an appointment as an aid in the United States National Museum, Division of Plants. Working his way up the professional ladder, Maxon became assistant curator in 1905, associate curator in 1914, and the second curator of that Division (Frederick Vernon Coville held the title of honorary curator, without remuneration, 1894-1937) from February 1, 1937, until May 31, 1946. Retiring in 1946, Maxon became an associate in botany, a position he held until his death on February 25, 1948.

Maxon specialized in the taxonomic study of Pteridophyta, especially those of tropical America, and was considered to be one of the leading systematic pteridologists of his time. He built up the fern collection in the United States National Herbarium from one of relative insignificance to one of the finest in quantity and quality in the western hemisphere. Between 1903 and 1926 he undertook nine major expeditions to tropical America. A heart attack in 1931 put a stop to any further explorations. In 1928, and again in 1930, Maxon worked overseas in European herbaria, including those in London, Copenhagen, and Berlin. Among his scientific papers, one of his most important series of writings was his "Studies of Tropical American Ferns," which was published in Contributions from the United States National Herbarium.

Maxon belonged to numerous scientific societies and was a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement Science and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was an original member and president of the Biologists' Field Club of Washington, and he was president of the American Fern Society, 1898-1899, 1919-1933, and editor and editor-in-chief of its Journal from 1933 until his death. Maxon was awarded an honorary doctor of science degree from Syracuse University in 1922.
Topic:
Botanists  Search this
Botany  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Letterpress copybooks
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 223, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 223
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Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0223

Correspondence

Topic:
Plant World
Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Extent:
2.08 cu. ft. (3 document boxes) (1 tall document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Date:
1894-1903
Introduction:
In 1971, the National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany, transferred its official records and collections of personal papers relating to the early history of the Department to the Hunt Botanical Library at the Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation. The official correspondence files generated by Charles Louis Pollard during his tenure as Assistant Curator of the Division of Botany, United States Department of Agriculture, 1894-1895, and the Division of Plants, United States National Museum, 1895-1903, were included in the transfer. In December 1977, the Department of Botany records were returned to the custody of the Smithsonian Institution to be maintained in the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Descriptive Entry:
This record unit consists of the official files of Charles Louis Pollard as Assistant Curator of the Division of Botany, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), 1894-1895, and the Division of Plants, United States National Museum (USNM), 1895-1903. These records document the activities of both divisions, as well as Pollard's scientific and administrative activities from 1894 to 1903.

The records of both divisions have been maintained together and contain incoming and outgoing correspondence with botanists; entomologists; horticulturists; USDA and USNM administrative staff; foresters and colleagues; seed laboratories; the Torrey Botanical Club, the Wildflower Club, the Biological Society of Washington, and other natural history and scientific societies. The correspondence chiefly concerns the examination, identification, collection, and exchange of botanical specimens especially violets, mosses, grasses, ferns, fern-like plants, food plants, herbs, shrubs, and trees. The correspondence also includes accession lists, annual reports, requests and approvals for field work, nomenclatorial work for the Botanical Club of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and routine correspondence in reference to the publication of Plant World and other publications concerning botanical specimens. Also included are some of Pollard's manuscripts: "New American Species of Chamaecrista," "A New Violet from New Jersey," "The Genus Oxytria of Rafinesque," and "The Two Violets."
Historical Note:
These records document the professional, scientific, and administrative activities of Charles Louis Pollard as Assistant Curator, 1894-1903. Consequently the following biographical sketch of Pollard has been included, rather than an administrative history of the organizations of which he was a part.

Charles Louis Pollard (1872-1945), botanist, was born in New York, New York, and died in Arlington, Vermont. He attended Columbia College where he received the A.B. in 1893 and the A.M. in 1894. He was employed as Assistant Curator of the Division of Botany, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), from 1894 to 1895, and the Division of Plants, United States National Museum (USNM) from 1895 to 1903. On occasion, in the absence of the Honorary Curator, Frederick Vernon Coville, Pollard served as the Acting Curator of the divisions. Pollard's interests were centered on genetics and on the entomology and botany of North America. While working for the USDA and the USNM he specialized in the examination and identification of botanical specimens, especially the various species of the genus Viola (violets).

Pollard served as editor of Plant World, 1899-1907, and contributed botanical terms for the Supplement of Webster's International Dictionary, 1900, Century Dictionary, 1903, and Webster's New International Dictionary, 1903-1906. He also served as consulting botanist for the G. and C. Merriam Company, Springfield, Massachusetts, 1903-1906; Curator-In-Chief of the public museum, Staten Island Association of Arts and Sciences, 1907-1913; and private tutor, 1913-1916. Pollard was an honorary member of the Philadelphia Botanical Club and the Washington Biologists' Field Club.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Botanists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 222, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Correspondence
Identifier:
Record Unit 222
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0222

Records

Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Extent:
22.74 cu. ft. (1 record storage box) (40 document boxes) (3 tall document boxes) (1 oversize folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Scientific illustrations
Manuscripts
Maps
Place:
Texas
Mexico
Date:
1886-1928 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
These papers include official records that document the history of the USNH while Joseph Nelson Rose was assistant botanist at the United States Department of Agriculture (1888-1896), assistant and associate curator, USNH, United States National Museum (1896-1911), and the Division of Plants, USNM (1917-1928); also personal and official papers documenting Rose's professional career, including incoming and occasional loose outgoing correspondence after 1910 (watermarks on 1910 and 1911 outgoing loose correspondence along with virtually nonexistent outgoing letterpress correspondence after 1909 are a result of water damage to the records) with leading foreign and United States botanists; colleagues; herbarium and nursery curators; florists; agrostologists; field agents; amateur plant collectors; United States Department of Agriculture administrative officers; Smithsonian Institution administrative officers; agricultural experiment stations; editors; and friends. Correspondence regards examination, identification, and reports on botanical specimens; identification of specimens for publications; transfer of specimens to the USNH; exchange of specimens; requests to Rose regarding information on the flora of Texas and Mexico; requests for bulbs, seeds, and plants; purchasing of cacti collections; research and collecting expeditions; authorization for expeditions; nomenclature; illustrations for journals; collaboration over collecting specimens and publishing; requests for jobs; requests to recommend colleagues to systematize cultivated plants; proposals for a building to house the USNH in order to expand the collection; meetings of scientific societies; requests for Who's Who autobiographical information; outgoing letterpress correspondence (1894-1909, 1911-1912) regarding the above; also manuscripts and correspondence pertaining to the joint Cactaceae project with Nathaniel Lord Britton; manuscripts and correspondence about the joint project with John Donnell Smith regarding Hauyeae; reviews; and occasional newspaper clippings pertaining to botanists whose letters are located in the correspondence folders.
Historical Note:
Joseph Nelson Rose, botanist, was born on a farm near Liberty, Indiana, on January 11, 1862. In 1881 he entered Wabash College, graduating with an A.B. in 1885. Rose stayed on at Wabash College as its first postgraduate student, receiving his A.M. in 1887 and his Ph.D. in 1889. During his last two years he acted as an assistant in botany under John M. Coulter, who was to have an influence on his later career.

Rose was appointed as an assistant botanist in the United States Department of Agriculture under George Vasey, working in the United States National Herbarium (USNH), in August 1888. (For a history of the USNH and George Vasey, see the description for the Hunt Institute collection 105.)

When the USNH was moved back to the Smithsonian in 1896, Rose transferred to the United States National Museum as an assistant curator, Division of Plants. In 1905 he was made associate curator.

Though Frederick Vernon Coville was honorary curator, USNH and the Division of Plants, in the United States National Museum (while at the same time chief botanist of the Plant Industry, USDA), it appears that Rose was directly in charge of the National Herbarium. Outgoing letterpress correspondence within these records contains copies of the USNH report for the Smithsonian Annual Report being transmitted by Coville through Rose and Rose's report on the Division of Plants for the Annual Report being sent to Coville. At times, Rose signed outgoing correspondence over the title, acting curator. Coville remained Rose's supervisor, however, with correspondence regarding Rose's collecting activities being transmitted between Smithsonian administrative officers and Coville.

In 1912, Rose transferred from the United States National Museum (USNM) to the Carnegie Institution of Washington as a research associate in order to prepare a monograph with Nathaniel Lord Britton on Cactaceae of the world. This work was jointly supported by the Carnegie Institution, the New York Botanical Garden, and the USDA. Rose was relieved of his administrative duties with the Smithsonian. Nonetheless, he retained an office in the Smithsonian and was allowed the use of Smithsonian franking privileges for all correspondence regarding his project, while retaining the title of custodian of "Cactaceae, Crassulaceae, and Miscellaneous Mexican Collections" in the National Herbarium.

Rose officially returned to the Smithsonian as associate curator, Division of Plants, in 1917, retaining that position until his death on May 4, 1928.

Rose's collecting activities and botanical studies began with the flora, fungi, and pine of Indiana and the Umbelliferae of North America. He was assigned the Mexican collections gathered by Edward Palmer while assistant botanist at the USDA. This led to 20 years of study of the flora of Mexico and numerous publications, including his "Studies of Mexican and Central America Plants," published in Contributions from the United States National Herbarium (1897-1911). His important study on Cactaceae of the world with Nathaniel Lord Britton resulted in the publication of four volumes titled The Cactaceae (1919-1923). Overall, Rose published almost 200 articles and monographs by himself and in collaboration with other botanists. Besides his own collecting explorations, Rose was instrumental in bringing to the Smithsonian one of its most important gifts, the large private herbarium and botanical library belonging to John Donnell Smith of Baltimore.

In reward for his botanical investigations and publications, Rose received an LL.D. from Wabash College in 1925. His remarks made during the ceremonies are included in this collection.
Topic:
Cactus  Search this
Botanists  Search this
Botany  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scientific illustrations
Manuscripts
Maps
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 221, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 221
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0221
Additional Online Media:

Records

Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Extent:
5 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Maps
Manuscripts
Place:
Colombia
South America
Date:
1918-1949
Descriptive Entry:
These records document the history of the United States National Museum, Division of Plants (1919-1947) and Department of Botany (1947-1949) while Ellsworth Paine Killip was an aid, assistant curator, associate curator, and curator of the Division and the Department, as well as personal correspondence between Killip and his colleagues documenting their personal and professional activities. Included are occasional letters and copies of letters to and from William Ralph Maxon that apparently were forwarded to Killip. For the most part, this material includes loose incoming and outgoing correspondence between Killip and U.S. and foreign botanists; directors and botanists of U.S. and foreign herbaria; museum curators; colleagues, friends; editors; and scientific societies regarding the examination and identification of botanical specimens; exchange of specimen collections; explorations and collecting expeditions, especially Killip's expeditions to South America; information on mounting specimens; requests for photographs pertaining to Killip's publications; requests for publications and reprints; reviewing monographs; checking manuscripts for taxonomy and nomenclature; scientific society meetings; nominations for officers and membership to scientific societies; evaluation of colleagues for positions; recommendations for job openings; personal matters; also letterpress books containing references to Killip's collecting expeditions in Colombia; Killip's work on South American plants; determination of plants received; manuscript copies; passports; maps; and a few copies of outgoing letters from Paul C. Standley, assistant curator, Division of Plants (1921).
Historical Note:
Ellsworth Paine Killip, botanist, was born in Rochester, New York, on September 2, 1890. Killip attended the University of Rochester and received an A.B. in 1911. From 1914 to 1917, Killip held the position of associate curator at the Rochester Academy of Sciences.

On July 7, 1919, Killip was appointed as an aid in the United States National Museum, Division of Plants. He became assistant curator of the Division in December 1927, and on June 1, 1928, became an associate curator. Upon the retirement of William Ralph Maxon in 1946, Killip was made curator of the Division of Plants. During Killip's administration, the Division of Plants underwent reorganization. The Division was separated from the Department of Biology and raised to the status of a department, becoming the Department of Botany on July 31, 1947. Killip became head curator of the Department and also held the title of acting curator for the Division of Cryptogams, one of four original divisions formed under the reorganization. Killip retained both titles until his retirement from the Department in 1950. From 1951 through 1965, Killip continued his research and his ties with the USNM as a research associate in the Division of Phanerogams.

Killip's main studies were on the taxonomy of South American plants. Some of his expeditions to South America are documented in this collection. Among his publications is an article, "American species of Passifloraceae," 1938, and a major study on the passionflower family that was published in two volumes.

Killip was a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Cosmos Club, and the Washington Biologists' Field Club. He died in California on November 28, 1968.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 226, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 226
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Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0226
Additional Online Media:

Departmental Records

Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Department of Botany  Search this
Extent:
1.5 cu. ft. (1 record storage box) (1 document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1918-1998
Descriptive Entry:
These records document the activities of the National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany. Materials include correspondence, clippings, research notes, photographs, obituaries, and one 35mm film. Most of the records were created or maintained by Francis Raymond Fosberg and Richard H. Eyde. Materials predating 1947 document the activities of the United States National Museum, Division of Plants.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 09-287, National Museum of Natural History. Department of Botany, Departmental Records
Identifier:
Accession 09-287
See more items in:
Departmental Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa09-287
Additional Online Media:

Correspondence

Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Department of Botany  Search this
Extent:
5.5 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes) (1 document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Sketches
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Date:
circa 1920-2003
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of records created and maintained by David B. Lellinger, Curator of Ferns in the Department of Botany. Materials include correspondence; notes; specimen lists; species indexes and information; reprints; course work; manuscripts; sketches; and photographs and negatives. Some materials date from before Lellinger's work at the Smithsonian Institution. Older materials were created by Conrad Vernon Morton, Curator in the United States National Museum, Division of Plants.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Ferns  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Natural history museums  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Sketches
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 14-309, National Museum of Natural History. Department of Botany, Correspondence
Identifier:
Accession 14-309
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa14-309

Curatorial Correspondence

Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Phanerogams  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (2 document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Date:
1920-1961
Descriptive Entry:
These records consist of mostly incoming and outgoing correspondence with botanists; colleagues; friends; herbarium curators; directors of arboreta; private collectors of plants; and publishers; and they concern specimen identification; recommendation of books to be used for identification of plants; requests for reprints; purchase and acquisition of collections; reference to colleagues and herbariums; history of private collections; also includes some personal accounts of daily activity of friends and colleagues and personal memorandum regarding Leonard's salary, upgrading, and recommendation that he be made a research associate.
Historical Note:
Emery Clarence Leonard (1892-1968) was born in Ohio and attended Wittenberg College. He did his postgraduate work at Ohio State University. In January 1918 he was made an aid in the United States National Museum, Division of Plants (which became the Department of Botany in 1947), and went on military furlough six months later. Leonard returned to the Smithsonian in July 1919. From 1928 to 1936 he was assistant curator, Division of Plants, and from 1937 to 1962 was associate curator, Department of Botany, Division of Phanerogams. Leonard retired in 1962 and was made research associate, Division of Phanerogams. For an administrative history of the Department of Botany, see record units 220 and 226.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Botanists  Search this
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Herbaria  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 230, United States National Museum. Division of Phanerogams, Curatorial Correspondence
Identifier:
Record Unit 230
See more items in:
Curatorial Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0230

Edward Strieby Steele Papers

Creator::
Steele, Edward Strieby, 1850-1942  Search this
Extent:
1.25 cu. ft. (2 document boxes) (1 half document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Date:
1903-1935
Descriptive Entry:
These papers include incoming and outgoing correspondence mostly regarding the collection of Liatris specimens, 1903-1918; and manuscripts with related correspondence and memoranda.
Historical Note:
Edward Strieby Steele (1850-1942) served as a botanical clerk for the United States Department of Agriculture, 1891-1902, editorial assistant for the United States National Museum, Division of Plants, 1902-1918, and as an assistant botanist, USDA, 1918-1920.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Botanists  Search this
Daisies  Search this
Liatris  Search this
Blackberries  Search this
Dewberries  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7277, Edward Strieby Steele Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7277
See more items in:
Edward Strieby Steele Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7277

Box 1

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 13-280, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Curatorial Records
See more items in:
Curatorial Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa13-280-refidd1e221

Box 3

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 13-280, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Curatorial Records
See more items in:
Curatorial Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa13-280-refidd1e2714

Box 4

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 13-280, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Curatorial Records
See more items in:
Curatorial Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa13-280-refidd1e5728

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