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U.S.O. 12th Street Y.M.C.A. [from envelope; 1 of 2] [acetate film photonegative,]

Photographer:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Creator:
Ansco (film manufacturer)  Search this
Names:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Young Men's Christian Association -- Washington (D.C.) -- 1930-1940  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Rice, Moses P.  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Container:
Box 56
Type:
Archival materials
Retouching
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.) -- 1930-1950 -- Photographs
Date:
August 1949
1949
Scope and Contents:
Men in military uniforms dancing with women. No caption on negative.
General:
From NUS carton 103.
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Soldiers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Dance  Search this
Genre/Form:
Retouching -- Pencil
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives / 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-01-ref1887

U.S.O. 12th Street Y.M.C.A. [from envelope; #2 of 2] [acetate film photonegative,]

Photographer:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Creator:
Ansco (film manufacturer)  Search this
Names:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Young Men's Christian Association -- Washington (D.C.) -- 1930-1940  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Rice, Moses P.  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Container:
Box 56
Culture:
African Americans -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.) -- 1930-1950 -- Photographs
Date:
August 1949
1949
Scope and Contents:
No caption on negative.
Men and women playing cards; men in military uniforms.
General:
From NUS carton 103.
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Card playing  Search this
Soldiers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives / 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-01-ref1889

[USO Band] [cellulose acetate photonegative]

Photographer:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Names:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Rice, Moses P.  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Container:
Box 63
Culture:
African Americans -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.) -- African Americans
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Musicians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives / 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-01-ref2074
Additional Online Media:

International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection

Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Names:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (4 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Newspaper clippings
Books
Publicity photographs
Photographs
Date:
1933-2010
bulk 1939-1946
Summary:
The International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection focuses on the all-female, racially and ethnically diverse big band group that started in 1937 and disbanded in 1949. The collection contains news clippings, photographs, correspondence, ephemera from USO travels, and newsletters. Also included are books related to the group, as well as a tribute CD and a 33 rpm vinyl sound recording.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists mostly of photographs and news clippings documenting the International Sweethearts Band of Rhythm's performances, rehearsals, and travels. It also includes tribute materials to the band, including books and audio CDs.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1: Piney Woods School, 1937-1944

Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials, 1933-2005

Series 3: Dixie Hardy Moon Materials, 1935-1951
Biographical / Historical:
The International Sweethearts of Rhythm were a racially and ethnically mixed swing band, all of whose members were women. They were organized in 1937 by Laurence Clifton Jones, who started the Piney Woods School near Jackson, Mississippi. He formed the band from students at Piney Woods and the band toured to raise money for the school, performing at fairs, dance halls, churches, and theaters. In 1939, the band began to tour outside of Mississippi and traveled across the American South and Midwest. In 1941 they separated from Piney Woods, started out on their own as professional musicians and relocated to Arlington, Virginia. While in Arlington, the band recruited professional musicians to replace the underage students who stayed in school. The band's venues included the Apollo Theatre and Savoy Ballroom in New York and the Howard Theatre in Washington DC They performed frequently at military bases and were quite popular during World War II. In response to requests from GIs serving overseas, the Sweethearts undertook a six month tour of Europe starting in July 1945. The tour was supported by the United Service Organization (USO) Camp Shows. The band played in Paris, France and throughout Germany, including the cities of Heidelberg, Stuttgart, Munich, and Mannheim. The group disbanded in 1949, but reunited for a reunion in 1980 at the Third Annual Women's Jazz Festival in Kansas City.

Rosalin Cron was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1925 and began playing music at nine years old. She joined the band in 1943 and primarly played the alto saxophone, but was also trained to play the clarinet and flute. Cron was a part of the overseas tour. She was with the band until 1946. Dixie Hardy Moon is the niece of founder Laurence Clifton Jones. Catherine (Cathy) Hughes, was born in 1947 in Omaha, Nebraska. She is the granddaughter of founder Laurence Clifton Jones and her mother, Helen Jones, played the trombone with the Sweethearts. Hughes is considered a media pioneer and founder of Radio One/TV One.
Provenance:
Collection donated to the Archives Center in 2011 by Rosalind Cron.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Female (Musical group)  Search this
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Bands (Music) -- 1940-1950  Search this
Women musicians -- 1930-1950  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Big band music  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newspaper clippings
Books -- 20th century
Publicity photographs
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1218
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1218
Additional Online Media:

Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection

Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Names:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (11 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Postage stamps
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Postcards
Soap
Labels
Letterheads
Announcements
Clippings
Photomechanical prints
Photographs
Packages
Diaries
Place:
Racine (Wis.) -- 1940-1950
Date:
1942-1948, 1991-1993
Scope and Contents:
Includes 7 VHS videotapes and 1 audio tape produced by Florice Whyte Kovan, containing interviews and recollections by some band members. Studio portraits and snapshot photographs in 3 scrapbooks, which also contain display advertisements and newspaper clippings from about the band, 1940s. Snapshots include documentation of the band's travels and leisure activities while on the road, including swimming, horseback riding, etc. Packaged hotel soap bars collected by Betty Hansen during the bands' touring documents their itinerary, as do picture postcards written by Alice Smaus Jacoby.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into seven series.

Series 1: Unmounted snapshots

Series 2: Scrapbooks

Series 3: Alice Smaus Jacoby's postcards

Series 4: Packaged soap samples

Series 5: Audiovisual Materials

Series 6: Framed Portrait Photoprints

Series 7: Oversized Photoprints

The scrapbook pages are arranged in original order, apparently partly chronological, but series 1 snapshots are in topical order.
Biographical / Historical:
Founded 1942 in Racine, Wis., by Virgil Whyte, his "all-girl" band was composed of young Racine women. Whyte was instructor, manager, and the initial leader on drums; later his sister Alice took over as drummer. After initial success in Racine and elsewhere in Wisconsin, the band began to accept engagements in other parts of the country, eventually touring the U.S. The band's success drew other acts and performers, including Jill Fontaine and the Wilford Mae Trio, Sam Hearn (known as "Schlepperman"), the Woodson Sisters, and Paul La Verre and Bro. They did U.S.O. tours, entertaining servicemen.

The principal donor, a free-lance researcher and writer, is the daughter of Virgil Whyte.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Florice Kovan, 1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Travel photography -- 1940-1950 -- U.S.  Search this
Barracks -- 1940-1950  Search this
Railroad passenger cars  Search this
Horseback riding -- 1940-1950  Search this
Tap dancers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Singers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Comedians -- 1940-1950  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1940-1950  Search this
Band music -- 1940-1950  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Musicians  Search this
Horses -- 1940-1950  Search this
Women musicians -- 1930-1950  Search this
Beaches -- 1940-1950  Search this
Swimming pools -- 1940-1950  Search this
Swimming -- 1940-1950  Search this
Jazz -- 1940-1950  Search this
Portraits -- Women  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postage stamps
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Postcards
Soap -- Packaged
Labels
Letterheads
Announcements
Clippings
Photomechanical prints
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Packages
Diaries
Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0503
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0503
Additional Online Media:

The Spirit of the U S O : sheet music

Composer:
Godlis, Albert  Search this
Lyricist:
Street, Wolcott D.  Search this
Bush, Prescott S.  Search this
Publisher:
Miller, Bob, Inc.  Search this
Names:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 12" x 9".)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1942
Scope and Contents:
2 folded sheets. Words by Wolcott D. Street and Prescott S. Bush, music by Albert Godlis, publ. by Bob Miller, Inc., 1619 Broadway, New York City. Cover drawing, printed in red and blue, "by Barbelle from Howard Scott," shows a helmeted soldier holding a cup of coffee, a cigarette, and a bayonet. At top of cover: "Official march of the U S O".
General:
In Box A.
Exhibitions Note:
National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution: World War II exhibit, 1995.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bayonets  Search this
Soldiers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref560

Group poses for picture at USO dance in Boston

Names:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sullivan family  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (photographic print , black and white, 6 x 9.5 in.)
Culture:
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Place:
Boston (Mass.)
United States
Date:
1944 November 23
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for unrestricted research. Use requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Sullivan Family papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African Americans -- 1940-1950  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Collection Citation:
The Sullivan Family papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Savina Martin, Dominga Martin and Donna Akiba Sullivan Harper.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-035, Item ACMA PH2005.7002.061
See more items in:
Sullivan family papers
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-035-ref638

United States Army Air Corps Newfoundland Films

Creator:
Meyer, John A.  Search this
Names:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
United States. Army Air Forces  Search this
United States. Army Air Forces. North Atlantic Air Bases. Newfoundland, Canada  Search this
Meyer, John A.  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic Feet ((3 films) (1 tape))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1942-1943
Scope and Contents:
John A. Meyer was an aerial photographer in the US Army Air Forces. He was stationed in Bangor, Maine and the North Atlantic Air Bases in Newfoundland, 1942-1943.
Biographical / Historical:
This collection consists of three films and corresponding videotape of footage shot by the donor at Bangor Maine and North Atlantic Air Bases in Newfoundland. The films include footage of base life, USO Shows, and the following aircraft: Douglas A-20, Boeing B-17, Douglas B-18, Consolidated B-24, Douglas C-54, Noorduyn C-64, Piper L-4, and Bell P-39. Most of the flying and aircraft scenes are in color, while the footage of the USO Show and troops at play are in black and white.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
John A. Meyer, Gift, unknown, 1991-0030, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations, American -- North Atlantic  Search this
Douglas A-20 Havoc Family  Search this
Douglas B-18 Family  Search this
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress Family  Search this
Consolidated B-24 Family  Search this
Noorduyn Norseman Family  Search this
Piper L-4 Family  Search this
Douglas C-54 Skymaster Family  Search this
Bell P-39 Airacobra Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Identifier:
NASM.1991.0030
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1991-0030

United Service Organizations (U.S.) (USO)

Collection Col:
Military History, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Vining, Margaret  Search this
Collection Arr:
O'Gan, Patri C.  Search this
Extent:
1 folder
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1946-1977
Identifier:
NMAH-AF.0001, Series 14
See more items in:
Division of Armed Forces History Women's Military History Collection
Archival Repository:
Division of Armed Forces, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-af-0001-nmah-af-0001-ref39

Over here, over there : the Andrews sisters and the USO stars in World War II / Maxene Andrews, Bill Gilbert

Author:
Andrews, Maxene  Search this
Gilbert, Bill 1931-  Search this
Subject:
Andrews Sisters  Search this
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 260 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1993
20th century
Topic:
Soldiers--Recreation--History  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Call number:
CT275.A57 A53 1993
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_599890

Always home : 50 years of the USO--the official photographic history / by Frank Coffey ; special foreword by Bob Hope

Author:
Coffey, Frank  Search this
Subject:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
175 p. : ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1991
C1991
Call number:
UH905.C64 1991X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_428330

USO: five years of service; report of the president. February 4, 1946

Author:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
38, [2] p. illus. (incl. ports.) diagrs. 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1946
1946]
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--War work  Search this
Call number:
D810.E8U513X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_257943

Good girls, good food, good fun : the story of USO hostesses during World War II / Meghan K. Winchell

Author:
Winchell, Meghan K  Search this
Subject:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
255 p. : ill ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2008
C2008
20th century
Topic:
Soldiers--Recreation--History  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--War work  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Women  Search this
Women--Social conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_928104

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