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Rails to Sales on the New York City Subway

Creator:
Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 14 Jan 2020 15:00:40 +0000
Topic:
Design  Search this
See more posts:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Data Source:
Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_b96867b36fe1247c00e4016822105bcf

Kyanite

Taxon:
Kyanite - Primary Mineral  Search this
Place:
New York, Battery Tunnel, New York, United States, North America
Other Numbers:
IGSN : NHB002WU8
USNM Number:
M905400
See more items in:
Mineral Sciences
Minerals
Yedlin Micromount Collection
Data Source:
NMNH - Mineral Sciences Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhmineralsciences_1201741

Albite

Taxon:
Albite - Primary Mineral  Search this
Epidote - Associated Mineral  Search this
Place:
Battery Tunnel, New York City, New York, United States, North America
Other Numbers:
IGSN : NHB002PZB
USNM Number:
M21100
See more items in:
Mineral Sciences
Minerals
Yedlin Micromount Collection
Data Source:
NMNH - Mineral Sciences Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhmineralsciences_1193974

Orthoclase

Taxon:
Orthoclase - Primary Mineral  Search this
Place:
New York, Battery Tunnel, New York, United States, North America
Other Numbers:
IGSN : NHB002YKM
USNM Number:
M1130100
See more items in:
Mineral Sciences
Minerals
Yedlin Micromount Collection
Data Source:
NMNH - Mineral Sciences Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhmineralsciences_1187007

Pyrite

Taxon:
Pyrite - Primary Mineral  Search this
Place:
New York, Lincoln Tunnel, New York, United States, North America
Other Numbers:
IGSN : NHB002ZJG
USNM Number:
M1255600
See more items in:
Mineral Sciences
Minerals
Yedlin Micromount Collection
Data Source:
NMNH - Mineral Sciences Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhmineralsciences_1188403

Harmotome

Taxon:
Harmotome - Primary Mineral  Search this
Place:
Croton Aquaduct, Tunnel Number 5, New York, United States, North America
Other Numbers:
IGSN : NHB00279I
USNM Number:
B1775100
See more items in:
Mineral Sciences
Minerals
Data Source:
NMNH - Mineral Sciences Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhmineralsciences_1134379

Almandine

Taxon:
Almandine - Primary Mineral  Search this
Place:
New York City, Brooklyn-Manhattan Tunnel, New York, United States, North America
Other Numbers:
IGSN : NHB000K3K
USNM Number:
11423900
See more items in:
Mineral Sciences
Minerals
Data Source:
NMNH - Mineral Sciences Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhmineralsciences_1050996

Almandine

Taxon:
Almandine - Primary Mineral  Search this
Biotite - Associated Mineral  Search this
Place:
New York, Brooklyn Tunnel (Battery End), New York, United States, North America
Other Numbers:
IGSN : NHB000HXC
USNM Number:
10714200
See more items in:
Mineral Sciences
Minerals
Data Source:
NMNH - Mineral Sciences Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhmineralsciences_1048107

Almandine

Taxon:
Almandine - Primary Mineral  Search this
Muscovite - Associated Mineral  Search this
Place:
West Point, West Shore Tunnel, New York, United States, North America
Other Numbers:
IGSN : NHB000EUU
USNM Number:
10375300
See more items in:
Mineral Sciences
Minerals
Data Source:
NMNH - Mineral Sciences Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhmineralsciences_1044077

Clay concretion

Taxon:
Clay concretion - Primary  Search this
Place:
Hudson River Tunnel, New York, United States, North America
Other Numbers:
IGSN : NHB003WOV
USNM Number:
38861
See more items in:
Mineral Sciences
Rock & Ore Collections
Special Features Collection
Petrologic Features Collection
Data Source:
NMNH - Mineral Sciences Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhmineralsciences_1325089

Manganese ore

Taxon:
Manganese ore - Primary  Search this
Alabandite - Associated Mineral  Search this
Manganese ore - Associated Mineral  Search this
Rhodochrosite - Associated Mineral  Search this
Place:
New York Tunnel; Greater Helena Mining Region, Montana, United States, North America
Other Numbers:
Collector's field number : 29b
IGSN : NHB004YPF
USNM Number:
9786913
See more items in:
Mineral Sciences
Rock & Ore Collections
Locality Collection
Data Source:
NMNH - Mineral Sciences Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhmineralsciences_1298100

Marble

Taxon:
Marble - Primary  Search this
Calcite - Associated Mineral  Search this
Dolomite - Associated Mineral  Search this
Pyrite - Associated Mineral  Search this
Muscovite (var. sericite) - Associated Mineral  Search this
Place:
Road Cut S Of Tunnel On B And A Rr, New York, United States, North America
Other Numbers:
Collector's field number : 159d
IGSN : NHB004B3D
USNM Number:
7549935
See more items in:
Mineral Sciences
Rock & Ore Collections
Locality Collection
Data Source:
NMNH - Mineral Sciences Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhmineralsciences_1275333

Foraminiferida Bulk and Processed Samples

Place:
near tunnel on river RR (Iabandoned) Lewiston, New York, United States, North America
USNM Number:
PAL550769
See more items in:
Paleogeneral
Foraminifera
Foraminiferida Bulk and Processed Samples
Paleobiology
Data Source:
NMNH - Paleobiology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhpaleobiology_10411990

Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers

Creator:
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Names:
Dwan Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art  Search this
Andre, Carl, 1935-  Search this
Atkinson, Terry, 1939-  Search this
Dibbets, Jan, 1941-  Search this
Dwan, Virginia  Search this
Flavin, Dan, 1933-  Search this
Graham, Dan, 1942-  Search this
Haacke, Hans, 1936-  Search this
Heizer, Michael, 1944-  Search this
Holt, Nancy, 1938-  Search this
Insley, Will, 1929-2011  Search this
Jenney, Neil, 1945-  Search this
Johnson, Ray, 1927-  Search this
Kepes, Gyorgy, 1906-2001  Search this
LeWitt, Sol, 1928-2007  Search this
Lippard, Lucy R.  Search this
Long, Richard, 1945-  Search this
Oppenheim, Dennis, 1938-2011  Search this
Valledor, Leo  Search this
Wheeler, Dennis  Search this
Extent:
15.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Greeting cards
Photographs
Transcripts
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1905-1987
bulk 1952-1987
Summary:
The papers of sculptor, writer, and earthworks artist Robert Smithson and his wife, sculptor, filmmaker, and earthworks artist Nancy Holt measure 15.1 linear feet and date from 1905 to 1987, with the bulk of the material dating from 1952 to 1987. The papers consist of Smithson's biographical material; business and personal correspondence, much of it with artists; interview transcripts; extensive writings and project files; financial records; printed material; a scrapbook of clippings; holiday cards with original prints and sketches; photographic material; and artifacts. Also found are project files related to Nancy Holt's motion picture film Pine Barrens and her seminal environmental work of art Sun Tunnels, including a video documentary about Sun Tunnels.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of sculptor, writer, and earthworks artist Robert Smithson and his wife, sculptor, filmmaker, and earthworks artist Nancy Holt measure 15.1 linear feet and date from 1905 to 1987, with the bulk of the material dating from 1952 to 1987. The papers consist of Smithson's biographical material; business and personal correspondence, much of it with artists; interview transcripts; extensive writings and project files; financial records; printed material; a scrapbook of clippings; holiday cards with original prints and sketches; photographic material; and artifacts. Also found are project files related to Nancy Holt's film Pine Barrens and her seminal environmental work of art Sun Tunnels, including a video documentary about Sun Tunnels.

Biographical material includes Robert Smithson's curriculum vitae, personal identification and medical documents, eight engagement/day planners Smithson and Holt maintained from 1966 to 1973, and Smithson's funeral register.

Correspondence is primarily with Smithson's family, friends, fellow artists, and business associates discussing personal relationships, proposed art projects, and exhibitions. Correspondents of note include Carl Andre, the Dwan Gallery (Virginia Dwan), Dan Graham, Will Insley, Ray Johnson, Gyorgy Kepes, Sol Lewitt, Lucy Lippard, and Dennis Wheeler. There is also substantial correspondence received by Holt upon Smithson's death in 1973, and between Holt and the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art regarding Smithson's retrospective exhibition in 1982.

There are nine interview transcripts with Smithson discussing his works and his general philosophy on art, and one transcript of the Andrew Dickson White Museum's Earth Art Symposium (1969) featuring the following artists: Mike Hiezer, Dennis Oppenheim, Robert Smithson, Neil Jenney, Gunther Uecker, Jan Dibbets, Richard Long, and Hans Haacke.

Writings are substantial and include 73 drafts of published and unpublished essays by Smithson on art, artists, and works in progress. The series also includes poems by Smithson, six notebooks containing notes and sketches by Smithson, and drafts of writings sent to Smithson and Holt by friends and colleagues, including Carl Andre, Terry Atkinson, Dan Flavin, Dan Graham, and Jack Thibeau.

Project files contain correspondence, project instructions, diagrams and sketches, research materials, photographic material, and maps related to over 50 of Smithson's artworks. These include concepts, proposed projects, sculptures, non-sites, and earthwork projects, including Spiral Jetty, Broken Circle, and Spiral Hill.

Personal business records include gallery related loan arrangements and receipts for miscellaneous art supplies. Financial records include tax forms and preparation documents, including cancelled checks, receipts, statements, and related correspondence.

Printed materials include books, clippings, and periodicals related to Smithson, either containing writings or sketches by him, or containing articles reviewing his work. There are also exhibition announcements and catalogs of Smithson's group and solo shows from 1959 to 1985.

The scrapbook contains clippings of Smithson's published articles from 1966 to 1973 with annotated shorthand notes.

Artwork consists of Christmas cards collaged by Smithson, and sketches by Smithson and Leo Valledor.

Photographic materials include prints and negatives of Smithson with friends, promotional Hollywood movie stills, and original prints and copyprints of other artists' artwork.

Artifacts consist of a paper bag silkscreened with a Campbell's soup can (Warhol), promotional buttons (N.E. Thing Co.), various organic materials, and two art kits.

Nancy Holt's papers consist of correspondence, a grant application, printed materials, and project files and audio visual material related to her motion picture film Pine Barrens (1975) and her seminal environmental work of art Sun Tunnels (1975).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 13 series:

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1905-1974 (Box 1; 14 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1959-1987 (Boxes 1-2, OV 21; 1.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Interview Transcripts, 1966-1973 (Box 2; 11 folders)

Series 4: Writings, 1959-1975 (Boxes 2-3; 1.1 linear feet)

Series 5: Project Files, circa 1950s-1982 (Boxes 4-5, Boxes 17-18, OV 20, OV 22-26, OV 36, RD 28-30, RD 32-35; 6.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Personal Business Records, circa 1967-1970s (Box 5; 4 folders)

Series 7: Financial Records, 1962-1972 (Box 6; 1 linear foot)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1955-1985 (Boxes 7-11, Box 18, RD 31; 5.6 linear feet)

Series 9: Scrapbook, 1966-1973 (Box 11, Box 16; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1950s-1970s (Box 11; 4 folders)

Series 11: Photographs, circa 1950s-1970s (Box 11, Box 18; 5 folders)

Series 12: Artifacts, circa 1950s-1970s (Box 11, Box 14, OV 19; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 13: Nancy Holt Papers, circa 1960s-1980s (Box 12-13, 15, OV 27, FC 37-38; 1.9 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Robert Smithson (1938-1973) was the pioneer of land and earthworks art. He was also a noted sculptor, painter, writer, and lecturer working primarily in New York City. Smithson's wife, Nancy Holt (1938-) was a noted sculptor and filmmaker and also worked as an earthworks artist.

Born in Passaic, New Jersey, Smithson expressed an early interest in art, enrolling in classes at the Brooklyn Museum School and the Art Student's League in New York while still attending high school. Smithson's early works were primarily paintings, drawings, and collages. In 1959, he exhibited his first solo show of paintings at the Artists' Gallery in New York and had his first solo international show in Rome with the Galleria George Lester in 1961.

During the early to mid-1960s, Smithson was perhaps better known as a writer and art critic, writing numerous essays and reviews for Arts Magazine and Artforum. He became affiliated with artists who were identified with the minimalist movement, such as Carl Andre, Donald Judd, Nancy Holt, Sol LeWitt, Robert Morris and others. In 1963, Smithson married sculptor and filmmaker Nancy Holt and a year later started to create his first sculptural works. In 1966, Smithson joined the Dwan Gallery, whose owner Virginia Dwan was an enthusiastic supporter of his work.

Smithson's interest in land art began in the late 1960s while exploring industrial and quarry sites and observing the movement of earth and rocks. This resulted in a series of sculptures called "non-sites" consisting of earth and rocks collected from a specific site and installed in gallery space, often combined with photographs, maps, mirrors, or found materials. In September 1968, Smithson published the essay "A Sedimentation of the Mind: Earth Projects" in Artforum that promoted the work of the first wave of land art artists. Soon thereafter, he began creating his own large scale land art and earthworks.

From 1967 to 1973, Smithson's productivity was constant as he wrote, lectured, and participated in several solo and group shows a year, both at home and abroad. He explored narrative art as essay in "The Monuments of Passaic" and fully committed to his idea of visiting sites and using them as the basis for creating non-sites, Non-Site, Pine Barrens, (1968); incorporated and documented the use of mirrors at sites in Mirror Displacement, Cayuga Salt Mine Project (1968-1969); and created his first site-specific works through liquid pours of mud, asphalt, and concrete, including Asphalt Rundown (1969). In 1969, he also completed his first earth pour at Kent State University with his project Partially Buried Woodshed. Later that year, he created the sculptural artwork for which he is best known, Spiral Jetty (1969) on the Great Salt Lake in Utah. This was the first of his pieces to require the acquisition of land rights and earthmoving equipment, and would be followed two years later by Broken Circle and Spiral Hill in 1971.

On July 20, 1973, while surveying sites in Texas for the proposed Amarillo Ramp, Smithson died in a plane crash at the age of 35. Despite his early death, Smithson's writings and artwork had a major impact on many contemporary artists.

Nancy Holt began her career as a photographer and video artist. Today, Holt is most widely known for her large-scale environmental works, Sun Tunnels and Dark Star Park. Holt has also made a number of films and videos since the late 1960s, including Mono Lake (1968), East Coast, West Coast (1969), and Swamp (1971) in collaboration with her late husband Robert Smithson. Points of View: Clocktower (1974) features conversations between Lucy Lippard and Richard Serra, Liza Bear and Klaus Kertess, Carl Andre and Ruth Kligman and Bruce Brice and Tina Girouard. In 1978, she produced a film about her seminal work Sun Tunnels.
Related Material:
The Archives also holds several collections related to Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt, including an oral history interview with Robert Smithson conducted by Paul Cummings in 1972; an interview with Robert Smithson conducted by Tony Robbin in 1968; Robert Smithson letters to George B. Lester, 1960-1963; and oral history interviews with Nancy Holt conducted by Scott Gutterman in 1992 and Joyce Pomeroy Schwartz in 1993.
Separated Material:
Non-archival library books, periodicals, and phonographs from Robert Smithson's personal library are currently stored offsite.
Provenance:
The papers of Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt were donated by Nancy Holt in several accretions between 1986 and 2011.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Earthworks (Art)  Search this
Filmmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Greeting cards
Photographs
Transcripts
Motion pictures (visual works)
Citation:
Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers, 1905-1987, bulk 1952-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.smitrobe
See more items in:
Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-smitrobe
Additional Online Media:

Rails to Sales, Subway Posters

Designer:
Otis Shepard, American, 1894–1969  Search this
Collaborator:
Dorothy Van Gorder, American, 1906–2000  Search this
Client:
New York Subway Advertising Company, New York, New York, USA  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph on paper, lined
Type:
graphic design
Poster
Object Name:
Poster
Distributed in:
New York, New York, United States
Date:
ca. 1947
Credit Line:
Gift of Merrill C. Berman
Accession Number:
2018-39-4
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_2018-39-4

Subways

Designer:
Samuel Lebowitz, American, active late 20th and early 21st century  Search this
Client:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum, New York, New York, USA  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Type:
graphic design
Poster
Object Name:
Poster
Made in:
USA
Date:
1977
Credit Line:
Gift of Various Donors
Accession Number:
1981-29-37
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1981-29-37

Silver Mine Worker

Artist:
Francisco Mora, Mexican, b.1922  Search this
Association:
El Taller Graphica Popular, Mexican printmaking workshop, established 1937  Search this
Publisher:
Associated American Artists, New York  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Type:
figures
Print
Object Name:
Print
Made in:
Mexico
Date:
1946
Credit Line:
Gift of William J. Donald
Accession Number:
1953-102-97
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1953-102-97

Carex vulpinoidea Michx.

Biogeographical Region:
75 - Northeastern U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
ex herb. Wm. M. Van Sickle  Search this
Place:
N.Y., S.W.R.R., Tunnel, Bergen Co., New York, United States, North America
Collection Date:
20 May 1895
Common name:
Foxtail Like Sedge
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Cyperales Cyperaceae
Published Name:
Carex vulpinoidea Michx.
Barcode:
02139596
USNM Number:
243229
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_13622506

Clifford Cook Furnas (1900-1969)

Subject:
Furnas, C. C (Clifford Cook) 1900-1969  Search this
Curtiss-Wright Corporation  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Topic:
Aerospace engineering  Search this
Wind tunnels  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-1757]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_383001

Negative Log Book Number 20, (90-1 to 91-22194)

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Archives Smithsonian Photographic Services  Search this
Physical description:
Ink on paper
Type:
Logs (records)
Collection descriptions
Date:
1990
1990-1991
Topic:
Photography--History  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 10-001 [SIA_10-001_NLB20]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_367118
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