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Edward McKnight Kauffer collection

Topic:
Brighton warp and weft
Seventeen
Advertiser's weekly
Australasian
Creator:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight), 1890-1954  Search this
Names:
American Airlines  Search this
American Silk Mills  Search this
Brighton (Firm)  Search this
British Federation of Master Printers  Search this
British Institute of Industrial Art  Search this
British South American Airways  Search this
Container Corporation of America  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Design Archive  Search this
Imperial Airways  Search this
London Underground Limited  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Aid Society  Search this
New York (State). Metropolitan Transportation Authority  Search this
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
Victoria and Albert Museum  Search this
Beddington, Jack  Search this
Dorn, Marion, 1896-1964  Search this
Ehrlich, Grace  Search this
Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965  Search this
Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934  Search this
Haworth-Booth, Mark.  Search this
Huxley, Aldous, 1894-1963  Search this
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight), 1890-1954  Search this
Moore, Marianne, 1887-1972  Search this
Pick, Frank, 1878-1941  Search this
Symon, D. E. (David E.)  Search this
Waldman, Bernard.  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Awards
Correspondence
Writings
Posters
Drafts (documents)
Announcements
Obituaries
Calendars
Negatives
Photographs
Sketches
Reviews
Date:
1915-1954
Summary:
This collection documents Kauffer's work as a theater designer, and graphic designer from 1915-1954.The collection includes allusions to correspondences between Kauffer in America to T.S. Eliot (1888-1965) in London, between 1930 and 1955. (There are no letters between the two men in the collection.) Although Kauffer and Eliot were to become friends after 24 July 1930, they were professionally related before that time. Kauffer illustrated the Ariel edition of Eliot's "Marina." Kauffer and Eliot met in London. In the collection are also posters of Kauffer's works, biographical pieces, and obituaries as well as photographs of the artist.
Arrangement note:
Unprocessed; The archive material consists of sketches, posters, manuscript leaves, photographs, clippings, and other related items that document Mr. Kauffer's career from 1915-1954.
Biographical/Historical note:
Edward McKnight Kauffer (1891-1954) was born at Great Falls, Montana. He grew up in the small town of Evansville on the Ohio River in Indiana, where the Kauffer grandparents had settled. After the divorce of his parents, he spent two years in an orphanage. By the age of four or five he had begun to draw. His mother remarried in 1899. Kauffer left school at the age of 12 or 13 to be helper to the scene painter in the City Directory.

In the Elder Bookshop and Art Rooms in San Francisco Kauffer acquired not only a speaking voice of marked attractiveness and distinction but also a life-long passion for books. He continued his studies as a painter by receiving his first formal training at evening sessions at the Mark Hopkins Institute. He met Professor McKnight, who became his patron; in homage to him Kauffer adopted the name of McKnight. A small exhibition of Kauffer's paintings was held at the Elder Art Rooms. He also studied at the Chicago Art Institute, and in Munich and Paris, and started his career as a theatrical scene painter. He was returning from Germany to this country in 1914 and was in London when World War I broke out.

In 1914 Kauffer would marry American Pianist, Grace Ehrlich and they would have a daughter. In 1921 Kauffer would move to New York City leaving his wife and daughter. In the spring of 1922 Kauffer returned to London with Marion Dorn, American textile designer. They would stay in London just prior to the beginning of World War II when they would return once again to New York. They would eventually marry in 1950.

In the Twenties in London, he went to work in a soldiers' canteen and began designing posters for the London Underground Railway in his spare time. His posters were so strikingly successful that he soon got further orders, and built up a reputation in his field. The posters would indicate to the war-weary British the normal resumption of public transportation. The posters made history in art circles and have been regarded ever since as revolutionary concepts of art-cum industry. A 1926 exhibition given at the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford furthered Kauffers notoriety.

His recognition in America began in 1937, when the Museum of Modern Art presented his work in its first one-man show ever given to an American poster designer. He returned to this country to live in 1940. While Kauffer was widely recognized abroad and the MOMA show brought attention, very few Americans knew of him and fewer advertisers were willing to accept the poster as an art form. His clients, since his return to America have included the National Red Cross, American Airlines, the New York Subways, Ringling Brothers Circus, the Container Corporation of America, the American Silk Mills and many others.

Kauffer was among the first in the early Twenties to respond to the impact of modern art, particularly the work of the cubist painters Picasso and Braque. The influence of cubism can be seen in his posters and was the basis of his dynamic geometrical style. The emphatic angular forms of Kauffer's posters shocked the public into attention. His artistry, and in particular his color sense, held that attention and, in a few short years just after the First World War, laid the foundations of his reputation as a designer, not only among the leading business men of the time, but particularly among critics and art students. T.S. Eliot, a friend of Kauffer's, describes his marriage of the public and modern art, "He did something for modern art with the public as well as doing something for the public with modern art."

In addition to his involvement in advertising, Kauffer was a book illustrator as well illustrating editions of many classics, including Burton's "Anatomy of Melancholy," Cervantes' "Don Quixote," Carl Van Vechten's "Nigger Heaven," and works by Herman Melville, T.S. Eliot, Arnold Bennett, Lord Birkenhead and others.

His work is represented in the South Kensington Museum in London and in the Corcoran Art Gallery in Washington, and there are examples of it also in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, and in Milan. He edited a survey, The Art of the Poster, in 1934. He was a Fellow of the British Institute of Industrial Art and a member of the Council for Art and Industry. When the Royal Society of Arts established its high diploma of R.D.I. (Designer for Industry) in 1937 he was ineligible as a foreigner, but was granted honorary status. He was asked to be Honorary Advisor to the Department of Public Information for the United Nations. He was Advisory Council for the Victoria and Albert Museum. His biography appears in the English "Who's Who" and in the American "Who's Who", as well as in the Columbia Encyclopedia.

Kauffer began to lose interest in the New York advertising scene. A friend of his said that he chose to kill himself with drink. He continued to work to the end, almost obsessively. Kauffer died on 22 October 1954.
Provenance:
All materials were donated to the museum by Grace Schulman in 1997.
Restrictions:
Unprocessed; access is limited; Permission of Library Director required; Policy.
Occupation:
Theater designers -- United States  Search this
Illustrators -- Great Britain  Search this
Illustrators -- United States  Search this
Draftsmen (artists) -- Great Britain  Search this
Draftsmen (artists) -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Theaters -- Stage-setting and scenery -- History -- 20th century -- Sources  Search this
Graphic arts -- History -- 20th century -- Sources  Search this
Illustration of books -- 20th century -- Sources  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Awards
Correspondence
Writings
Posters
Drafts (documents)
Announcements
Obituaries
Calendars
Negatives
Photographs
Sketches
Reviews
Identifier:
SIL-CH.1997-134-1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sil-ch-1997-134-1

Spectacular St. Petersburg [electronic resource] : 100 years of Russian theatre design / [St. Petersburg State Museum of Theatre and Music ... et al.]

Author:
Columbus Museum of Art  Search this
Studiomotiv (Firm)  Search this
Sankt-Peterburgskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ muzeĭ teatralʹnogo i muzykalʹnogo iskusstva  Search this
Physical description:
1 computer optical disc : sd., col. ; 4 3/4 in. + 1 booklet (12 p. : col ill. ; 15 cm.)
Type:
Electronic resources
Exhibitions
Place:
Russia (Federation)
Saint Petersburg
Date:
1999
C1999
Topic:
Theaters--Stage-setting and scenery--History  Search this
Costume--History  Search this
Call number:
mrdf 000325
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_702317

Designing modern America : Broadway to main street / Christopher Innes

Author:
Innes, C. D  Search this
Subject:
Urban, Joseph 1872-1933 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Geddes, Norman Bel 1893-1958 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 320 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2005
C2005
20th century
Topic:
Design--History  Search this
Theaters--Stage-setting and scenery--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_778759

La rénovation scénique en France : théâtre années 20 / Danièle Pauly

Title:
Théâtre années 20
Author:
Pauly, Danièle  Search this
Physical description:
247 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
France
Date:
1995
C1995
20th century
Topic:
Theaters--Stage-setting and scenery--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_593874

Konstnären på scen : dramatenscenografi efter modernismens genombrott / [katalogredaktör, Magnus Olausson]

Author:
Olausson, Magnus 1956-  Search this
Nationalmuseum (Sweden)  Search this
Physical description:
40 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 21 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Sweden
Date:
1988
20th century
Topic:
Scene painting--History  Search this
Theaters--Stage-setting and scenery  Search this
Call number:
ND2887.S8 K65 1988X
ND2887.S8K65 1988X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_412199

Theatre in revolution : Russian avant-garde stage design, 1913-1935 / Nancy Van Norman Baer ; with contributions by John E. Bowlt ... [et al.]

Author:
Baer, Nancy Van Norman  Search this
Bowlt, John E  Search this
California Palace of the Legion of Honor  Search this
Physical description:
207 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 31 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Soviet Union
Date:
1991
C1991
20th century
Topic:
Constructivism (Art)--History  Search this
Scene painting--History  Search this
Theaters--Stage-setting and scenery--History  Search this
Call number:
PN2091.S8 B14 1991
PN2091.S8B14 1991
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_417844

Die Maler und das Theater im 20. Jahrhundert : Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, Ausstellung vom 1. März bis 19. Mai 1986 / [Katalog Konzeption, Denis Bablet, Erika Billeter ; Redaktion, Erika Billeter ; Mitarbeit, Christiane Bauermeister ... et al. ; Übersetzungen, Elisabeth Brockmann ... et al.]

Author:
Bablet, Denis  Search this
Billeter, Erika 1927-  Search this
Bauermeister, Christiane  Search this
Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt  Search this
Physical description:
577 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1986
[1986]
20th century
Topic:
Scene painting--Exhibitions  Search this
Theaters--Stage-setting and scenery--History--Exhibitions  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Theater in art  Search this
Costume--History--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
ND2885.M25 1986X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_340419

Raumkonzepte : konstruktivistische Tendenzen in Bühnen- und Bildkunst, 1910-1930 : eine Ausstellung in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Theatermuseum der Universität zu Köln, 2. März-25. Mai 1986, Städtische Galerie im Städelschen Kunstinstitut Frankfurt am Main / [Katalog, Hannelore Kersting, Bernd Vogelsang]

Author:
Kersting, Hannelore  Search this
Vogelsang, Bernd  Search this
Universität zu Köln Theatermuseum  Search this
Städtische Galerie im Städelschen Kunstinstitut Frankfurt am Main  Search this
Physical description:
391 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
History
Date:
1986
©1986
20th century
Topic:
Constructivism (Art)  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Scene painting  Search this
Theaters--Stage-setting and scenery  Search this
Theater--History  Search this
Call number:
N6494.C64 R38 1986X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_295284

The revolutions of stage design in the 20th century / Denis Bablet ; original lithographs by Joan Miro

Author:
Bablet, Denis  Search this
Physical description:
385 p., [2] leaves of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 36 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1977
C1977
Topic:
Theaters--Stage-setting and scenery--History  Search this
Call number:
PN2091.S8B114 E1977
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_103390

The cubist theatre / by J. Garrett Glover

Author:
Glover, J. Garrett (Joseph Garrett)  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 154 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1983
C1983
20th century
Topic:
Theater--Production and direction  Search this
Cubism--Influence  Search this
Theater--History  Search this
Theaters--Stage-setting and scenery  Search this
Call number:
PN2039.G54 1983X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_198954

Im Rhythmus des Lebens : Jugendstil und Bühnenkunst / Kai Buchholz

Author:
Buchholz, Kai  Search this
Physical description:
184 p. : many ill. (partly col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Europe
Date:
2007
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Theater architecture--History  Search this
Art nouveau (Architecture)  Search this
Theaters--Stage-setting and scenery  Search this
Dance--Stage-setting and scenery  Search this
Art nouveau  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_958130

Joseph Urban / John Loring

Author:
Loring, John  Search this
Subject:
Urban, Joseph 1872-1933  Search this
Urban, Joseph 1872-1933 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Physical description:
223 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2010
20th century
Topic:
Architects  Search this
Set designers  Search this
Architecture--History  Search this
Theaters--Stage-setting and scenery--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_968803

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