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White, Edmunds, and Fallen Family Papers

Source:
Carter, Ethel H.  Search this
Former owner:
Carter, Ethel H.  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (5 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1906-1978
Summary:
Collection primarily documents the day-to-day activities of tenant farmer Julius Lee White who worked on a tobacco farm in Ringgold, Virginia. Materials include financial papers, insurance policies, medical records, correspondences, religious materials and photographs. There is information relating to other family members including his wife Geraldine and their adopted son Thomas B. Edmunds. whao had a military career.
Content Description:
The collection measures about two2 cubic feet and contains assorted and varied papers documenting the day-to-day lives of the tenant farmer families the White family, the Edmunds family, and the Fallen family who worked on a tobacco farm in Ringgold, Virginia. They include financial papers including bills, receipts, and statements relating to utilities, insurance, medical matters, housing, automobiles, loans, banking, work (such as pay statements), taxes, and other such concerns; bills of sale for tobacco; greeting cards, postcards and letters; things such as trading stamps, coupons, premiums; church related materials such as programs, a hymnal, religious tracts and other printed material; the personal papers of a World War II soldier including a 1909 letter and selective service documents; and numerous portrait photographs of family members, as well as candid photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four series:

Series 1: White Family Papers, 1906-1978

Subseries 1.1: Julius Lee White, 1943-1978

Subseries 1.2: Geraldine White, 1950-1973

Subseries 1.3: General Family Papers, 1906-1971

Series 2: Edmunds Family Papers, 1936-19701

Subseries 2.1: Thomas B. Edmunds, 1945-1970

Subseries 2.2: General Family Papers, 1936-1955

Series 3: Fallen Family Papers, 1949-1971

Series 4: Photographs, 1948-1967
Biographical / Historical:
White Family:

Julius Lee White was born on March 18, 1911. His parents were Jersey Lee White and Elizabeth Tucker. He married Geraldine Edmunds, but she passed away in 1972. He married a second time at the age of 63 Mary Lee Valentine Davis on December 1, 1974, in Halifax, Virginia. Julius Lee White died on January 3, 1984, in Danville, Virginia when he was seventy two years old.

Geraldine Edmunds White was born on August 25, 1912, in Halifax County, Virginia. She was the eldest daughter of Mattie B. Edmunds. Her siblings included Oslem, Oscar, John H., Willie, Susie, Thomas Bencrlar, and Buddie. She passed away unexpectedly on September 25, 1972, at the age of sixty.

Edmunds Family:

Thomas Bencrlar Edmunds was born on May 26, 1926, in Sutherlin, Virginia. He was the son of Mattie B. Edmunds and Samuel Fallen, and younger brother of Geraldine White. He was inducted into the Army of the United States on January 17, 1945, and he was honorably discharged on August 17, 1946. Thomas B. Edmunds died on December 4, 2006, at the age of eighty.

Thomas Belvin Edmunds was born on March 16, 1946, in Halifax, Virginia. He was the son of Susie Edmunds and nephew of Geraldine White. He passed away in February of 1987.

Fallen Family:

Howard Albert Fallen was born March 18, 1949, in Pittsylvania, Virginia. He was the son of Susie Fallen and the nephew of Geraldine White.

Susie Anna Fallen was born on March 26, 1924, in Halifax County, Virginia. She was the daughter of Mattie Edmunds, sister of Geraldine White and Thomas B. Edmunds, and mother of Howard A. Fallen. Susie Fallen died on April 30, 1970, in Winslow Hospital Danville, Virginia, after a brief illness. She was only forty-six years old.
Related Materials:
Tractor-pulled tobacco planter, Accession Number 1989.0600.01

Hand-held tobacco planter, Accession Number 1989.0600.02

Three wooden hand-held tobacco planting pegs, Accession Number 1989.0600.02

Ten assorted wall calendars, all advertising in nature, Nonaccession Number 1990.3016.02

One sign: "Jesus is the head of this home,", Nonaccession Number 1990.3016.03

Admiral table radio, Nonaccession Number 1990.3016.04

Sonora table radio, Nonaccession Number 1990.3016.05

Silvertone table radio, Nonaccession Number 1990.3016.06

Sears and Roebuck table radio, Nonaccession Number 1990.3016.07

Fourteen assorted burlap fertilizer sacks, Nonaccession Number 1990.3016.08
Provenance:
Collection donated by Ethel H. Carter, along with several three dimensional objects in 1988.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bills of Sale -- Tobacco  Search this
Church bulletins -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Financial records -- 20th century  Search this
Greeting cards -- 20th century  Search this
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century  Search this
Military records -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Postcards -- 20th century  Search this
Religious tracts -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Trading stamps -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Tenant farmers -- 20th century -- Virginia  Search this
Tobacco -- 20th century -- Virginia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1444
See more items in:
White, Edmunds, and Fallen Family Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1444

Serenity Farm Tobacco Production Photographs

Collection Collector:
Robinson, Franklin A., Jr., 1959- (actor)  Search this
Container:
Box 32
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Date:
1999-2000
Scope and Contents:
These work photographs were taken by A. Theresa Robinson (b. 1963) and Franklin A. Robinson, Jr. (b. 1959) during the 1999-2000 tobacco production year. Serenity Farm produced between thirty and seventy acres of tobacco per year, approximately 2/3 of that amount being grown by the Robinson family and 1/3 being grown by a tenant farmer, George H. Morgan. Labor for tobacco production was a combination of family and seasonal hired help, mostly from Calvert County, Maryland. In 2001, Serenity Farm opted to take the Maryland state tobacco buyout program, thus their last crop year was 2000-2001. The Robinson family had been engaged in tobacco production since at least 1745 in both Prince Georges County and Charles County, Maryland. Robert Henry Robinson served as the Deputy State Tobacco Inspector in the early 20th century.

Frame #Sheet A, photographed by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.

AO A view looking east from the main house of the tobacco fields and farm equipment at Serenity Farm. The Patuxent River is in the distance.

A1 A view looking east from the main house of the tobacco fields and farm equipment at Serenity Farm. The Patuxent River is in the distance. Tenant farmer George W. Morgans fields and equipment are to the left of the road leading down to the Patuxent River.

A2 Panorama including A0 and A1.

A3 Looking south-east, a newly planted tobacco field, planted with type 32 Maryland tobacco.

A4 A broader view of A3.

A5 An International 484 tractor pulling a four seat tobacco planter with water tank and fertilizer attachments.

A6 Rear view of A5.

A7 Bert Henson, Dale Young and Rosie Kyler playing poker between planting while water and fertilizer are being refilled in the tobacco planter.

A8 The tobacco planter at the end of the row, tractor driven by Franklin A. Robinson, Sr.

A9-10 Loading tobacco plants into the planter.

A11 Bert Henson and Rosie Kyler loading tobacco plants onto the planter for transplanting.

A12 Looking north, the trailer used to haul tobacco plants (left) and the trailer used to haul fertilizer. Chalk Point power generating plant in the background.

A13 Looking east, Dale Young, Rosie Kyler, Carlo White and Bert Henson waiting to begin transplanting.

A14 Dale Young, Rosie Kyler, Carlo White and Bert Henson transplanting.

A15 A wider view of A14.

A16 A Styrofoam flat of Maryland Type 32 tobacco plants. (Plants were grown by Buddy Hance of Calvert County, Maryland.)

A17-18 An empty Styrofoam flat and a full flat of Maryland Type 32 tobacco plants.

A19 Flats of tobacco plants loaded onto the trailer for hauling.

A20 A Maryland Type 32 tobacco plant ready to be transplanted.

A21 An International 484 tractor pulling a four seat tobacco planter with water tank and fertilizer attachments driven by Franklin A. Robinson, Sr.

A22 Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. seated on the tractor, replanting in the background.

A23-24 Replanting missed tobacco plants.

A24a/25 Bert Henson replanting.

Sheet B, photographed by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr. and A. Theresa Robinson

B0 A view looking east from the main house of the tobacco fields and farm equipment at Serenity Farm. The Patuxent River is in the distance.

B1 A field of tobacco after cultivation.

B2 A close-up of B1.

B3 A. Theresa Robinson cultivating tobacco on an International H tractor with a shade umbrella attached.

B4 A close-up of B3.

B5 A rear view of B3.

B6 Looking west, A. Theresa Robinson cultivating tobacco with a 1942, International H tractor with a shade umbrella attached.

B7 Looking south-west, Rosie Kyler, Bert Henson and Dale Young grassing (hoeing grass from between the plants) tobacco after the field has been tractor cultivated.

B8 A view of the tobacco field looking north-west, the farm buildings and houses are in the distance.

B9 A closer view of B7.

B10 Stefan Brown topping tobacco.

B11 A field of tobacco in full flower prior to topping.

B12-14 Stefan Brown topping tobacco.

B15-16 Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. spraying tobacco with MG-30 for sucker control and Orthene for worm control, after the tobacco has been topped. He is riding a DeCloet sprayer.

B17 A topped and sprayed field of tobacco looking south.

B18-21 Looking south, Virginia L. Robinson driving the stick trailer, Joseph F. Vermillion and Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. dropping tobacco sticks along the layrows of cut tobacco.

B22 Virginia L. Robinson driving the tractor pulling the stick trailer.

B23 Looking west, loading speared tobacco onto a trailer to be hauled to the tobacco curing barn. An International 3788 tractor is pulling the trailer.

B24-25 Bert Henson, Willard White and Stefan Brown loading speared tobacco on the trailer to be hauled to the tobacco curing barn.

Sheet C, photographed by A. Theresa Robinson

C0-1 Bert Henson loading tobacco to be hauled to the curing barn.

C2 A wider view of C0-1 described above.

C3 Looking west, cutting tobacco for spearing.

C4 Dale Young, Douglas Brooks, and Bert Henson cutting tobacco for spearing.

C5 Douglas Brooks, and Mack Thomas cutting tobacco for spearing.

C6 Mack Thomas, Douglas Brooks and Rosie Kyler cutting tobacco for spearing.

C7 Dale Young cutting tobacco for spearing.

C8 The crew loading tobacco to be hauled to the curing barn.

C9-11 Robert D. Robinson cutting tobacco into a layrow for spearing.

C12 Brother Larry Maick and Robert D. Robinson hanging tobacco in the curing barn.

C13 The crew hanging tobacco in the curing barn.

C14 Rosie Kyler (left) and Dale Young hanging tobacco in the curing barn.

C15 Brother Larry Maick hanging tobacco and Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. in the curing barn.

C16 The tobacco field, looking east, piles of tobacco waiting to be hauled to the curing barn. At right, the crew is spearing tobacco onto sticks.

C17-19 Douglas Brooks and Stefan Brown spearing tobacco.

C20 Bert Henson, Douglas Brooks, and Stefan Brown loading tobacco for hauling to the curing barn.

C21 Dale Young and Willard White spearing tobacco.

C22 Rosie Kyler spearing tobacco.

C23 Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. on the last day of harvest, 1999.

C24 Franklin A. Robinson in front of curing tobacco hanging in the curing barn.

Sheet D, photographed by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.

D0 A view looking east from the main house of the tobacco fields and farm equipment at Serenity Farm. The Patuxent River is in the distance.

D1 A view looking east from the main house of the tobacco fields and farm equipment at Serenity Farm. The Patuxent River is in the distance. Tenant farmer, George W. Morgans fields and equipment are to the left of the road leading down to the Patuxent River.

D2 A view of the barnyard and main house area from the tobacco field.

D3 Looking north-east, a view of the tobacco field after harvest.

D4 Looking north-west, a view of the tobacco field after harvest.

D5 Looking east, a view of the tobacco field after harvest.

D6 Looking north-east, a view of the tobacco field after harvest. A view of the tobacco barns and farm house is in the background.

D7 End of harvest picnic/celebration, 1999, left to right, Rosie Kyler, Stefan Brown and April Hart.

D8 End of harvest picnic/celebration, 1999. Left to right, Russell White, Douglas Brooks, Robert D. Robinson (on phone) and Dale Young.

D9-10 Russell White tending the barbecue, end of harvest picnic/celebration, 1999.

D11 A. Theresa Robinson and Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. making out paychecks for the help.

D12 End of harvest picnic/celebration 1999, Left to right, Dale Young, A. Theresa Robinson, Russell White, Stefan Brown, Emory Thomas and Franklin A. Robinson, Sr.

D13 A. Theresa Robinson making out the paychecks for the help.

D14 Pallets of tobacco sticks, the curing barn in the background has its windows open to facilitate curing.

D15 A pile of cured tobacco waiting to be stripped.

D16-23 Ambrose Man Kyler, Douglas Brooks, Dale Young, Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. and A. Theresa Robinson taking down cured tobacco for stripping.

D24 A. Theresa Robinson holding up a stick of cured tobacco.

D25 Piles of cured tobacco waiting to be stripped.

D26, D28 Dale Young passing two sticks of cured tobacco to A. Theresa Robinson.

D27 A. Theresa Robinson packing down sticks of cured tobacco to prevent them from drying out.

D29-30 Stripped and baled tobacco waiting to be taken to market.

D31-32 Peaceable Kingdom? Box Car (cat) and Liberty (dog) at rest.

D33, D35, D37 Ambrose Kyler, Douglas Brooks, Dale Young, Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. and A. Theresa Robinson taking down sticks of cured tobacco to be stripped.

D34, D36 A view of the curing barn with hanging sticks of cured tobacco.

Sheet E, photographed by A. Theresa Robinson, spring 2000

E0A Hacks of stripped tobacco waiting to be unloaded at the tobacco market/auction warehouse in Waldorf, Maryland.

E1A-2A Unloading hacks of tobacco at the Waldorf warehouse.

E3A An interior view of the Hughesville tobacco warehouse with hacks of tobacco in the foreground.

E4A A traditional hack of tobacco at the warehouse.

E5A James Bowling (warehouse owner) and Albert Raley at the Waldorf warehouse.

E6A-9A Unloading baled tobacco at the Waldorf warehouse.

E10A Weighing baled tobacco at the Waldorf warehouse. Left to right, uniden., George H. Morgan and James Bowling.

E11A George H. Morgan and James Bowling at the scales, Waldorf warehouse.

E12A A view of the Waldorf warehouse, baled tobacco in the foreground.

E13A An interior view of the Waldorf warehouse, baled tobacco on the left, hacked hands of tobacco on the right.

E14A Rosie Kyler and Dale Young stripping tobacco at Serenity Farm.

E15A Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. making cotton string ties for baling tobacco.

E16A Rosie Kyler stripping tobacco.

E17A Hauling a pallet of cured tobacco to the stripping room.

E18A The stripping room filled with cured tobacco waiting to be stripped.

E19A Baled tobacco and a stick pallet in the barn.

E20A-21A The hydraulic tobacco baler in the stripping room.

E22A Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. bringing a pallet of cured tobacco to be stripped into the stripping room.

E23A-25A Liberty and Box Car in the stripping room.

Sheet F, photographed by A. Theresa Robinson, spring 2000

F0 Dale Young baling stripped tobacco leaves.

F1-3 Joseph F. Vermillion, Dale Young baling stripped tobacco leaves.

F4-5 Dale Young and Rosie Kyler taking cured tobacco off the stick to be stripped.

F6 Mack Thomas stripping tobacco leaves off the stalk.

F7 Dale Young baling stripped tobacco leaves.

F8-10 Tobacco auction at the Hughesville tobacco warehouse.

F11 A bale of Serenity Farm tobacco with weight ticket and buyers tag at the Hughesville tobacco warehouse.

F12 A row of baled Serenity Farm tobacco with weight tickets and buyers tags at the Hughesville tobacco warehouse.

F13 A proud grower, Franklin A. Robinson, Sr., with some of his tobacco on the auction floor at the Hughesville warehouse.

F14-22 Auctioning off tobacco at the Hughesville warehouse, Gilbert Bowling left, followed by Walter Wilkerson, auctioneer.

F23-25 Views of the Hughesville tobacco warehouse.

Sheet G, photographed by A. Theresa Robinson, spring 2001

G0 Drawing plants in the tobacco seedling bed, Virginia L. Robinson and Ashlee N. Robinson.

G1 Patricia A. "T.C." Morgan and Rosie Kyler drawing plants.

G2-3 Patricia A. "T.C." Morgan, Franklin A. Robinson and Rosie Kyler drawing plants.

G4 Drawing plants in the tobacco seedling bed, Virginia L. Robinson and Ashlee N. Robinson.

G5 Austin D. Robinson and Joseph F. Vermillion packing drawn tobacco plants into bushel baskets for transport to the field.

G6 Drawing plants in the tobacco seedling bed, Ashlee N. Robinson and Virginia L. Robinson.

G7 Joseph F. Vermillion and Austin D. Robinson packing drawn tobacco plants into bushel baskets for transport to the field.

G8 Franklin A. Robinson drawing plants.

G9-10 Franklin A. Robinson, Patricia A. "T.C." Morgan, Ashlee N. Robinson, Virginia L. Robinson and Rosie Kyler drawing plants.

G11 Franklin A. Robinson and Patricia A. "T.C." Morgan drawing plants.

G12-14 Austin D. Robinson packing drawn tobacco plants into tobacco market baskets for transport to the field.

G15 Tobacco market baskets loaded with tobacco plants ready for transport to the field.

G16 Rosie Kyler and Patricia A. "T.C." Morgan drawing plants.

G17 Franklin A. Robinson drawing plants.

G18 Rosie Kyler drawing plants.

G19 Joseph F. Vermillion and Franklin A. Robinson in the tobacco beds.

G20 Joseph F. Vermillion with drawn tobacco plants in tobacco market baskets and bushel baskets waiting for transport to the field for transplanting.

G21-22 Drawn tobacco plants loaded onto the truck for transport to the field for transplanting.
Collection Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site to portions of collection, but some papers of living persons are restricted. Access to restricted portions may be arranged by request to donor. Gloves required for unprotected photographs. Viewing film portions of the collection and listening to LP recording requires special appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own exclusive rights to these materials. Copyright for all materials is retained by the donor, Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.; permission for commercial use and/or publication may be requested from the donor through the Archives Center. Military Records for Franklin A. Robinson (b. 1932) and correspondence from Richard I. Damalouji (1961-2014) are restricted; written permission is needed to research these files. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
The Robinson and Via Family Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Robinson and Via Family Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0475-ref837

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