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Ken Rattenbury Collection

Composer:
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Collector:
Rattenbury, Ken, 1920-  Search this
Interviewee:
Anderson, William "Cat", 1916-1981 ((musician))  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
0.16 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Transcriptions
Audiotapes
Theses
Date:
1967-1991.
Scope and Contents:
Five cassette audiotapes, master's degree thesis, and Billy Strayhorn music transcription to Duke Ellington's "Lotus Blossom.",Material documents the career and compositional techniques of Duke Ellington, and interviews with Duke Ellington and Cat Anderson.
Arrangement:
1 series. Unarranged.
Biographical / Historical:
Professional musician, author of "Duke Ellington Jazz Composer", editor of "Crescendo International", and member/organizer of the music group "Jazz Five."
Provenance:
Collection donated by Ken Rattenbury, 1991, June 15.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Topic:
Musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcriptions
Audiotapes
Theses
Citation:
Ken Rattenbury Collection, 1967-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0432
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0432

Archives Center Collection of Music Transcriptions of Duke Ellington Compositions

Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Mandel, Roberta  Search this
Berger, David, 1920-1966  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Schirmer, G., Inc.  Search this
Extent:
0.12 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Transcriptions
Music
Date:
undated and 1988-1989.
Scope and Contents note:
Two transcriptions by Roberta Mandel of Billy Strayhorn's composition, "Blood Count"; five transcriptions by David Berger: "Harlem Airshaft", "Ko-Ko", "Subtle Lament", "Flaming Sword", "Mainstem", and "Jack the Bear", all composed by Duke Ellington; and two G. Schirmer transcriptions of Ellington's "Come Sunday".
Arrangement:
1 series.
Provenance:
Donated by Roberta Mandel in 1991 (part of collection only).
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcriptions
Music -- Manuscripts
Citation:
Archives Center Collection of Music Transcriptions of Duke Ellington Compositions, undated and 1988-1989, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0430
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0430

William Russo Music and Personal Papers

Creator:
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Russo, William, 1928-2003  Search this
Photographer:
Claxton, William  Search this
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Composer:
Kenton, Stan  Search this
Musician:
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Names:
Chicago Jazz Ensemble  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
53 Cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Motion pictures (visual works)
Music
Audiotapes
Business records
Photographs
Correspondence
Librettos
Awards
Posters
Programs
Scrapbooks
Scores
Lecture notes
Date:
1920s-2002.
Scope and Contents:
Papers and audiovisual materials documenting Russo's career in music. The collection includes Russo's original and published music scores, parts and arrangements; audiovisual materials including recordings of broadcasts of Russo's radio show, performances of Russo's compositions, including performances by Duke Ellington, and film and video recordings of Russo's productions in theater and opera; and personal papers such as correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, publicity files, contracts, etc. Among the most significant items in the collection are experimental jazz arrangements for Stan Kenton in the late 1940s-early 1950s, undated arrangements for Gerry Mulligan, Russo's original arrangement of Duke Ellington's Sacred Concert, scores to his first and second symphonies, and scores and libretti to several early rock operas. The photographs include images of persons such as Ellington, Kenton, and Billy Strayhorn, and photographs by jazz photographers Herman Leonard and William Claxton. 2007 addendum includes correspondence, mostly between Russo and his family; eighteen diaries for 1946-1967 (not all years are present) with sparse entries, some in Italian; and additional music manuscripts, parts, scores and libretti.
Arrangement:
Divided into 3 series: Music manuscripts, Audiovisual materials, and Personal and Business Papers.
Biographical / Historical:
Russo (1928-2003) was a renowned American jazz composer, arranger and founder of the Chicago Jazz Ensemble.
Provenance:
Bequeathed to the Smithsonian by William Russo. Papers collected after Russo's death in 2003. The 2007 addendum sent by Russo's sister and daughter were also part of the bequest.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment.,Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Composers -- 20th century  Search this
Opera  Search this
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Music -- Manuscripts
Audiotapes
Business records -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Librettos
Awards
Posters -- 20th century
Programs
Scrapbooks
Scores
Lecture notes
Citation:
William Russo Music and Personal Papers, 1920s-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0845
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0845
Additional Online Media:

Billy Strayhorn Ephemera Collection

Collector:
Gregory, Thelma  Search this
Morris, Gregory  Search this
Names:
Copasetic Club  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Extent:
3 Items (3 folders)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Clippings
Date:
1965-1969
Summary:
Collection consists of two newsclippings, and an advertising yearbook documenting Strayhorn's career as Duke Ellington's chief arranger, co-composer, lyricist, and emergency fill-in at the piano.
Scope and Contents:
The Billy Strayhorn Ephemera Collection consists of two newsclippings, and an advertising yearbook documenting Strayhorn's career as Duke Ellington's chief arranger, co-composer, lyricist, and emergency fill-in at the piano. The newsclippings document the collaborative relationship that existed between Ellington and Strayhorn. The advertising yearbook was published as a tribute to Strayhorn after his death. It includes numerous commentaries to Billy Strayhorn by some of the period's leading jazz musicians.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Billy Strayhorn, composer and pianist, was born in Dayton, Ohio on November 19, 1915. He joined the Duke Ellington Orchestra in 1939 after a brief period working as the pianist for the Mercer Ellington Orchestra. For nearly three decades Strayhorn served as associate arranger and second pianist for Duke Ellington. Billy Strayhorn remained with the Ellington Orchestra until his death on May 31, 1967.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Gregory & Thelma Morris, May 17, 1991.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1960-1970
Clippings
Citation:
Billy Strayhorn Ephemera Collection, 1965-1969, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0383
See more items in:
Billy Strayhorn Ephemera Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0383

Flower is a lovesome thing, A [music]

Composer:
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Ruth (Ruth Ellington Boatwright), 1915-  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (conductor score and/or parts (Published sheet music), 28 cm.)
Container:
Box 9, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Lead sheet
Manuscripts
Music
Published sheet music
Date:
1975
Scope and Contents:
1 part
A flower is a lovesome thing is contained in one folder consisting of 1 published lead sheet in Db Major concert -- in ink.
Lead sheet for voice. Lyrics begin "A flower is a lovesome thing, a luscious living lovesome thing ...". -- from the Ruth Ellington Collection.
General:
A lead sheet for "Four-four in hand" is noted on the bottom of this lead sheet. Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, Wayne Shirley, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Condition: fair.
Other Title:
A flower is a lovesome thing.
Publication:
New York, NY, Tempo Music, Inc., 1975
Related Materials:
Ruth Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 3), 1940-1991
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials are available for use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lead sheet
Manuscripts
Music
Published sheet music
Collection Citation:
Ruth Ellington Collection, 1923-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0415-ref1249

Passion flower [music]

Composer:
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Lyricist:
Raskin, Milton  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Ruth (Ruth Ellington Boatwright), 1915-  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (part (photocopy), 31 cm.)
1 Item (conductor score and/or parts (Published sheet music), 28 cm.)
2 Items (parts (photocopies), 28 cm.)
Container:
Box 19, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Piano vocal scores
Published sheet music
Date:
1944
Scope and Contents:
3 parts and 1 score
Passion flower is contained in one folder consisting of 1 two page piano vocal score in Eb Major concert, and 1 published part and 2 parts in G Major concert -- in ink and photocopy -- in unidentified hand.
Piano vocal score lyrics begin "Passion flower, sent from the blue above ...". Parts for piano (3). -- from the Ruth Ellington Collection.
General:
Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, Wayne Shirley, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Condition: fair, torn, brittle.
Publication:
New York, NY, Tempo Music, Inc., 1944
Related Materials:
Ruth Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 3), 1940-1991
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials are available for use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Photocopies
Piano vocal scores
Published sheet music
Collection Citation:
Ruth Ellington Collection, 1923-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0415-ref1797

Raincheck [music]

Composer:
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Ruth (Ruth Ellington Boatwright), 1915-  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (parts (photocopies), 28 cm.)
Container:
Box 21, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Date:
1942
Scope and Contents:
2 parts
Raincheck is contained in one folder consisting of 2 published parts in F Major concert -- in photocopy.
Parts for piano (2). -- from the Ruth Ellington Collection.
General:
Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, Wayne Shirley, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Condition: fair.
Publication:
New York, NY, Tempo Music, Inc., 1942
Related Materials:
Ruth Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 3), 1940-1991
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials are available for use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Collection Citation:
Ruth Ellington Collection, 1923-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0415-ref1905

Jazz Oral History Collection

Interviewer:
Hasse, John Edward, 1948-  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Names:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Ellington, Mercer Kennedy, 1919-1996 ((musician))  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Interviewee:
Feather, Leonard, 1914-1994  Search this
Woodyard, Sam, 1925-1988  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Date:
1988-1990
Summary:
Collection consists of original cassettes, open-reel master, and reference cassette audiotapes of two oral history interviews about the life and career of Duke Ellington. Leonard Feather's oral history interview has a transcript.

In separate interviews jazz critic Leonard Feather and Sam Woodyard discuss their relationships with and knowledge of Ellington and his music.
Scope and Contents:
Audiotape interviews with jazz critic Leonard Feather and drummer Sam Woodyard about their relationships with Duke Ellington and the Ellington Orchestra. John Hasse interviewed Leonard Feather on June 10, 1990. Patricia Willard interviewed Sam Woodyeard on May 30, 1998 and May 31, 1988. The interviews were recorded on audio cassette.
Arrangement:
Collection organized into one series.

Series 1, Jazz Oral History Collection, 1988-1990 Subseries 1, Leonard Feather Subseries 2, Sam Woodyard
Biographical / Historical:
The Jazz Oral History Collection comprises two oral history interviews about Duke Ellington and his Orchestra.

One interview is with Leonard Feather (1914-1994), noted jazz critic, record producer, and composer. Born in England, Feather became an ardent fan of jazz by listening to recordings. The first time he saw Ellington perform live was in 1933 at the Palladium in London. Feather made his first trip to the United States in 1935 and through music critic and record producer John Hammond he met many of the leading musicians, producers, and concert promoters active in the American jazz scene. Feather was hired by Ellington in 1942 to do publicity and became part of what Feather referred to as "the Ellington family." Feather worked with Mercer Ellington as well and throughout the years he maintained an active involvement and friendship with Ellington.

A shorter interview with drummer Sam Woodyard (1925-1988) is poorly recorded and consequently it is difficult to hear and understand Woodyard's responses to the questions. Sam Woodyard was a drummer with the Ellington Orchestra from 1955 through 1966.
Provenance:
Made for the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
No release forms exist. Collection items are available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply.
Topic:
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes
Citation:
Jazz Oral History Collection, 1988-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, box number X
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0431
See more items in:
Jazz Oral History Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0431

Lush life [music]

Composer:
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Ruth (Ruth Ellington Boatwright), 1915-  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (copy scores, 32 cm.)
1 Item (manuscript, 32 cm.)
2 Items (parts (photocopies), 28 cm.)
Container:
Box 14, Folder 27
Type:
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Copy scores
Lead sheet
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Piano vocal scores
Date:
1949
Scope and Contents:
3 parts and an indefinite number of scores
Lush life is contained in one folder consisting of 1 five page piano vocal score, 1 four page piano vocal score, 2 lead sheets and 1 part in Db Major concert -- in ink, pencil and photocopy -- in unidentified hands (Whaley, others?).
Five page piano vocal score lyrics begin "Gray faces with distingue traces ...". Score appears incomplete. Four page piano vocal score lyrics begin "I used to visit all the very gay places ...". Lead sheets for voice (2). Lyrics begin "I used to ...". Part for unidentified bass instrument. -- from the Ruth Ellington Collection.
General:
Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, Wayne Shirley, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Condition: fair, worn, tape.
Publication:
New York, NY, Tempo Music, Inc., 1949
Related Materials:
Ruth Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 3), 1940-1991
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials are available for use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts -- Music -- 20th century
Copy scores
Lead sheet
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Piano vocal scores
Collection Citation:
Ruth Ellington Collection, 1923-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0415-ref1559

Take the "A" train [music]

Composer:
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Arranger:
Wolpe, Dave  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Ruth (Ruth Ellington Boatwright), 1915-  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (mixed score(s) and/or part(s) (holograph), 32 cm.)
1 Item (copy score, 32 cm.)
10 Items (conductor score and/or parts (Published sheet music), 31 cm.)
1 Item (manuscript, 29 cm.)
1 Item (copy score, 28 cm.)
1 Item (part (photocopy), 28 cm.)
Container:
Box 35, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Copy scores
Holographs
Lead sheet
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Piano conductor scores
Piano vocal scores
Published sheet music
Short scores
Date:
1941
Scope and Contents:
12 parts and an indefinite number of scores
Take the "A" train is contained in two folders consisting of 1 two page short score, 1 published three page piano conductor score, 9 published parts and 2 parts in C Major concert, and 1 three page piano vocal score and 1 lead sheet in Ab Major concert -- in ink, pencil and photocopy -- in unidentified hands (DE, Williams, other?).
Folder A contains two page short score. Short score indicates parts for saxes, baritone, trumpets.
Folder B contains items in 4 groupings -- (i) Three page piano vocal score. Lyrics begin "If you want to go to Harlem ...". -- (ii) Lead sheet for voice. Lyrics begin "You must take the "A" train to go to Sugar Hill ...". -- (iii) Parts for trumpet; unidentified bass instrument. -- (iv) Published piano conductor score and parts. Piano conductor score indicates parts for alto, tenor, trumpet, drums, piano. Parts for 1 reed - alto 2; 2 trumpets - 1, 2; 2 trombones - 3, 4; bass; drums; guitar; piano. -- from the Ruth Ellington Collection.
General:
Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, Wayne Shirley, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Condition: fair, torn, brittle.
Other Title:
La tram.
Publication:
New York, NY, Tempo Music, Inc., 1941
Related Materials:
Ruth Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 3), 1940-1991
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials are available for use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts -- Music -- 20th century
Copy scores
Holographs
Lead sheet
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Piano conductor scores
Piano vocal scores
Published sheet music
Short scores
Collection Citation:
Ruth Ellington Collection, 1923-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0415-ref3214

Herman Leonard Photographic Collection

Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Former owner:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Names:
Armstrong, Louis, 1900-1971  Search this
Baker, Chet  Search this
Bennett, Tony, 1926-  Search this
Blakey, Art, 1919-1990  Search this
Brown, Clifford Mr  Search this
Camero, Candido, 1921-  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella  Search this
Garner, Erroll  Search this
Getz, Stan, 1927-1991  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-  Search this
Gordon, Dexter, 1923-1990  Search this
Haig, Al, 1924-1982  Search this
Heath, Percy, 1923-2005  Search this
Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
Marsalis, Wynton, 1961-  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Parker, Charlie, 1920-1955  Search this
Pettiford, Oscar, 1922-1960  Search this
Roach, Max  Search this
Russell, Curly  Search this
Sims, Zoot  Search this
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Stitt, Sonny  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Terry, Clark  Search this
Washington, Dinah, 1924-1963  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Young, Lester, 1909-1959  Search this
Extent:
5.6 Cubic feet (10 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
1948-1993
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 110 black-and-white photographic prints depicting musicians performing at various American and European jazz clubs between 1948 and 1991. The collection contains mounted and unmounted 11" x 14" and 16" x 20" prints made by Leonard. Artists represented among these photographs are Billie Holiday, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Duke Ellington, Frank Sinatra, Lester Young, Louis Armstrong, Miles Davis, and Thelonious Monk. The photographs are organized into three series: Series 1: 11"x 14" prints, Series 2: 16" x 20" prints, and Series 3: Addenda. The series are arranged alphabetically by performer's last name. Unmatted 16" x 20" prints can be found in box 2 but are listed alphabetically by performer.
Biographical / Historical:
Herman Leonard (1923‑ ) was born in Allentown, Pennsylvania and served as a military photographer in Burma during World War II. He earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree in photography from Ohio University and began working with Yousuf Karsh, a Canadian portraitist. Settling in New York in 1949, Leonard began photographing jazz musicians at various jazz clubs on Broadway and Fifty‑Second Streets, and in Harlem for such publications as Cosmopolitan, Esquire, Life, Look, Playboy, and Time. He later to Paris to begin a fashion and advertising business. He also continued photographing jazz musicians. In 1988 Leonard presented his first exhibition, "Images of Jazz," in London. This show established his reputation as a leading photographer of jazz and sparked further shows and publications.
Provenance:
The Herman Leonard Photographs were donated to the National Museum of American History by Mr. Leonard on December 17, 1991 and in 2006.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0445
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0445
Additional Online Media:

Satin doll [music]

Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974 (co composer)  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967 (co composer)  Search this
Lyricist:
Mercer, Johnny, 1909-1976  Search this
Arranger:
Nelson, Oliver  Search this
Jackson, J. Calvin  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Ruth (Ruth Ellington Boatwright), 1915-  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (photocopy, 37 cm.)
74 Items (photocopies, 33 cm.)
1 Item (holograph, 32 cm.)
81 Items (copy scores, 32 cm.)
11 Items (manuscripts, 32 cm.)
27 Items (photocopies, 32 cm.)
1 Item (copy score, 32 cm.)
2 Items (holographs, 29 cm.)
13 Items (photocopies, 28 cm.)
29 Items (published sheet music, 28 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Parts (musical)
Piano vocal scores
Short scores
Lead sheet
Conductor scores
Piano conductor scores
Manuscripts
Date:
1964
Scope and Contents:
Satin doll is contained in sixteen folders consisting of 1 part in G Major concert, 2 seven-page conductor scores, 1 fourteen-page conductor score, 1 one-page conductor score, 1 three-page short score, 1 one-page short score, 1 four-page score, 2 published four-page piano conductor scores, 1 two-page piano conductor score, 1 published three-page piano vocal score, 2 published two-page piano vocal scores, 1 two-page piano vocal score, 1 published one-page piano vocal score, 1 lead sheet, 25 published parts and 183 parts in C Major concert, 6 parts in F Major concert, 10 parts in Bb Major concert -- in ink, pencil and photocopy -- in unidentified hands (DE, BS, ME, Whaley, Sanders, Jones, Tizol, Moten, Henderson, others?)
Folder A contains parts in C Major for 2 violins - A (2), B (2); 2 cellos - 1, 2.
Folder B contains parts in C Major for 15 reeds - flute 1, flute 2, flute 3, flute 4, oboe 1, oboe 2, oboe 3, oboe 4, clarinet 1, clarinet 2, clarinet 3, bass clarinet, basson 1, basson 2, contrabassoon; 5 horns -, 2, 3, 4, 5; 4 trumpets - 1, 2, 3, 4; 3 trombones - 1, 2, 3; tuba; drums; vibes (4); harp (2); piano (2).
Folder C contains parts in C Major for 3 violins - A (8), B (8), C (8); viola (6); cello (9); bass (7).
Folder D contains items in 3 trombones - 1, 2, (2), 3 (2); bass. -- (ii) Parts in c Major for 2 reeds - tenor, baritone (2); 2 trumpets - 92), 3 92); trombone. Parts appear to reflect different arrangements of the peice. -- (iii) One page piano vocall score in C major, lead sheet in C Major, parts in Bb mMajor and part in g Major. Piano vocal score lyrics begin "Cigarette holder which wigs me ...". Score appears incomplete. Lead sheet for unidentified treble instrument. Parts in Bb Major for 3 trumpets - 1 (2), 2, 3. Part in G Major for 1 trumpet - 1.
Folder E contains Three page short score and part in C Major. Short score indicates part for bass. Part for 1 trumpet - Herb.
Folder F contains parts in C Major for 5 reeds - alto 1 (2), alto 2 (2), tenor 1 (2), tenor 2, Baritone (2); 2 trumpets - 2 (2), 4; 4 trombones - 1 (2), 2, 3 (2), 4 (2).
Folder G contains parts in f Major for 5 reeds - alto 1, clarinet, tenor , tenor 4, baritone; 1 trumpet - 1. A full set of parts in f Major was apparently intended. This folder contains severalsheets marked with instrumentation and key signatures, but no music is notated.
Folder H contains 2 seven page conductor scores in C Major. Scores indicated parts for voices - soprano, alto, tennor, baritone, bass. Lyrics begin as above. Scores appear incomplete.
Folder I contains three page piano vocal score in Db Major and one page short score in C Major. Piano vocal score lyrics begin as above. Short score does not indicate instrumentation and appears incomplete.
Folder J contains fourteen page conductor score in C Major. Score indicates parts for 3 flutes, 3 oboes, 4 clarinets, 3 bassoons, 5 horns, 4 trumpets, 3 oboes, 4 clarinets, 3 bassons, 5 horns, 4 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, vibes, harp, piano, 3 violins, viola, cello, bass.
Folder K contains parts in 3 groupings --(i) Parts in C Major for trumpet; 1 trombone - 1. -- (ii) part in C Major (?) for drums. -- (iii) Parts in Bb Major for 2 reeds - alto, baritone; 3 trombones - 1, 2, 3; bass.
Folder L contains parts in C Major for a trombone - 1; bass.
Folder M contains parts in C Major in 9 groupings -- (i) Part for unidenfified bass instrument (trombone?). -- (ii) Parts for 5 reeds - Pro, Rick, Hamilton, paul, Carney; 3 trumpets - Terry, unidentified, Nance; 1 trombone - 1. -- (iii) Parts for 2 trombones - Butter, Tizol. -- (iv) Part for 1 reed - baritone. -- (v) Parts for 1 reed - Carnet; 2 trumpets - trumpet, Cat; 2 trombones - 1, Tizol. --(vi) Part for 1 trumpet - Nat. -- (vii) Pats for 2 reeds - alto (2), tenor; 2 trumpets - trumpet, bass trumpet; trombone. -- (viii) Parts for 2 reed - alto (2), tenor, baritone (2); 2 trumpets - trumpet, bass trumpet; bass. -- (ix) parts for unidentified Bb transposing instrument (trumpet?) - 1,2; 2 trombones - Britt, Butter.
Folder N contains one page conductor score in C Major and published piano vocal scores. Conductor score indicates parts for 5 reeds - alto 1, alto 3, tenor 2, tenor 4, baritone; 4 trumpets - 1, 2, 3, 4; 3 trombones - 1, 2, 3; bass. Score appears incomplete. Piano vocal score lyrics begin as above.
Folder O contains published piano conductor scores and published parts in C Major. Piano conductor scores do not indicate instrumentation. Scores include lyrics. Lyrics begin as above. Parts for 5 reeds - alto 1, also3/tenor 4 (2), tenor 2, baritone, baritone/trombone 3; 4 trumpets - 1, 2, 3/4, 4; 2 trombones - 2 (2), 3; 2 violins - A/B (2), C; bass (2); drums; guitar. Some parts are noted 2 parts per sheet. -- (ii) Parts for 2 reeds - also 1, tenor 2; 1 trumpet - 1; 1 trombone - 1 (2).
Folder P contains two-page piano conductor score, two-page piano vocal score, four-page short score and part in C Major concert. Piano conductor score does not indicate instrumentation. Piano vocal score lyrics begin as above. Piano vocal score appears incomplete. Short score indicates part for trumpet. Short score appears incomplete. Part for drums. All items except Folder D, folder F, piano vocal score in folder I, folder L, and Folder M, grouping viii from the Duke Ellington library.
Biographical / Historical:
Piano vocal score in Folder I from the Presentation Album, Vol. F. Remaining items from the Marcer Ellington Library. There appear to be numbers from the Duke Ellington Band Book: 20, 75.
General:
One-page conductor score in Folder N (photocopy) is originally noted on the verso of "Come Sunday." A part for "in the mellow tone" is noted on the verso of a part in folder D, grouping ii. A lead sheet for "s'bout time" is noted on the bottom of the lead sheet in folder D, grouping iii. handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore hudson, Walter van de Leur, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Publication:
New York, N.Y., Tempo Music, Inc., 1964
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials are available for use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Parts (musical)
Piano vocal scores
Short scores
Lead sheet
Conductor scores
Piano conductor scores
Manuscripts -- Music -- 20th century
Collection Citation:
Ruth Ellington Collection, 1923-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0415-ref3829

[Billy Strayhorn playing piano in a home,] May 26th, 1952 [cellulose acetate photonegative]

Photographer:
Miner, John  Search this
Collector:
Schiedt, Duncan P., 1921-2014  Search this
Creator:
Eastman Kodak Company (film manufacturer)  Search this
Names:
Tribune Company  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-1/4" x 2-1/2".)
Culture:
African Americans -- 1950-1960  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Illinois
Chicago (Ill.)
Scope and Contents:
Possibly taken in Chicago because the newspaper on the piano is the Chicago Tribune. Box 2, John Miner Negatives "M to Z" ("Billy Strayhorn" envelope). Made on Kodak Safety Film 470.
Local Numbers:
AC1323-0000012.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Jazz musicians -- 1950-2000 -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Piano  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref7840

Duke Ellington Collection

Collector:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Names:
Duke Ellington Orchestra  Search this
Washingtonians, The.  Search this
Ellington, Mercer Kennedy, 1919-1996 ((musician))  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Extent:
400 Cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Phonograph records
Papers
Photographic prints
Posters
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks
Music
Clippings
Awards
Audiotapes
Place:
New York (N.Y.) -- 20th century
Harlem (New York, N.Y.) -- 20th century
Washington (D.C.) -- 20th century
Date:
1903 - 1989
Summary:
The collection documents Duke Ellington's career primarily through orchestrations (scores and parts), music manuscripts, lead sheets, transcriptions, and sheet music. It also includes concert posters, concert programs, television, radio, motion picture and musical theater scripts, business records, correspondence, awards, as well as audiotapes, audiodiscs, photographs, tour itineraries, newspaper clippings, magazines, caricatures, paintings, and scrapbooks.
Scope and Contents:
Dating approximately from the time Duke Ellington permanently moved to New York City in 1923 to the time the material was transferred to the Smithsonian Institution in 1988, the bulk of the material in the Duke Ellington Collection is dated from 1934-1974 and comprises sound recordings, original music manuscripts and published sheet music, hand-written notes, correspondence, business records, photographs, scrapbooks, news clippings, concert programs, posters, pamphlets, books and other ephemera. These materials document Ellington's contributions as composer, musician, orchestra leader, and an ambassador of American music and culture abroad. In addition, the materials paint a picture of the life of a big band maintained for fifty years and open a unique window through which to view an evolving American society.

The approximate four hundred cubic feet of archival materials have been processed and organized into sixteen series arranged by type of material. Several of the series have been divided into subseries allowing additional organization to describe the content of the material. For example, Series 6, Sound Recordings, is divided into four subseries: Radio and Television Interviews, Concert Performances, Studio Dates and Non-Ellington Recordings. Each series has its own scope and content note describing the material and arrangement (for example; Series 10, Magazines and Newspaper Articles, is organized into two groups, foreign and domestic, and arranged chronologically within each group). A container list provides folder titles and box numbers.

The bulk of the material is located in Series 1, Music Manuscripts, and consists of compositions and arrangements by Duke Ellington, Billy Strayhorn and other composers. Series 6, Sound Recordings also provides a record of the performance of many of these compositions. The materials in Series 2, Performances and Programs, Series 3, Business Records, Series 8, Scrapbooks, Series 9, Newspaper Clippings, Series 11, Publicity and Series 12, Posters provide documentation of specific performances by Duke Ellington and His Orchestra. Ellington was a spontaneous and prolific composer as evidenced by music, lyrical thoughts, and themes for extended works and plays captured on letterhead stationery in Series 3, Business Records, in the margin notes of individual books and pamphlets in Series 14, Religious Materials and Series 15, Books, and in the hand-written notes in Series 5, Personal Correspondence and Notes.

During its fifty-year lifespan, Duke Ellington and His Orchestra were billed under various names including The Washingtonians, The Harlem Footwarmers and The Jungle Band. The soloists were informally called "the band", and Series 3 includes salary statements, IOU's, receipts and ephemera relating to individual band members. Series 1, Music Manuscripts contains the soloists' parts and includes "band books" of several soloists (for example; Harry Carney and Johnny Hodges) and numerous music manuscripts of Billy Strayhorn. The changing role of Strayhorn from arranger hired in 1938 to Ellington's main collaborator and composer of many well-known titles for Duke Ellington and His Orchestra including "Take The A' Train" and "Satin Doll" can be traced in these music manuscripts. Series 7, Photographs and Series 2, Performances and Programs contain many images of the band members and Strayhorn. This Collection also documents the business history of Duke Ellington and His Orchestra. Series 3, Business Records contains correspondence on letterhead stationery and Series 11, Publicity contains promotional material from the various booking agencies, professional companies, and public relations firms that managed the Orchestra.

The materials in the Duke Ellington Collection provide insight into public and institutional attitudes towards African Americans in mid-twentieth-century America. The business records in Series 3 beginning in 1938 and published sheet music in Series 1 depict Duke Ellington's progression from an African-American musician who needed "legitimization" by a white publisher, Irving Mills, to a businessmen who established his own companies including Tempo Music and Duke Ellington, Incorporated to control his copyright and financial affairs. Programs from the segregated Cotton Club in Series 2, Performances And Programs and contracts with no-segregation clauses in Series 3: Business Records further illustrate racial policies and practices in this time period. The public shift in perception of Duke Ellington from a leader of an exotic "Jungle Band" in the 1930s to a recipient of the Congressional Medal Of Freedom in 1970 is evidenced in Series 2, Performances And Programs, Series 12, Posters, Series 7, Photographs and Series 13, Awards. Reviews and articles reflecting Ellington's evolving status are also documented in Series 8, Newspaper Clippings, Series 9, Scrapbooks, Series 10, Newspaper and Magazine Articles.

The materials in the Duke Ellington Collection reflect rapid technological changes in American society from 1923-1982. Sound recordings in Series 6 range from 78 phonograph records of three minutes duration manufactured for play on Victrolas in monaural sound to long-playing (LP) phonograph records produced for stereo record players. Television scripts in Series 4, programs in Series 2 and music manuscripts (for example, Drum Is A Woman) in Series 1 demonstrate how the development of television as a means of mass communication spread the Orchestra's sound to a wider audience. The availability of commercial air travel enabled the Ellington Orchestra to extend their international performances from Europe to other continents including tours to Asia, Africa, South America and Australia and archival material from these tours is included in every series.

Series 4, Scripts and Transcripts and Series 6, Audio Recordings contain scripts and radio performances promoting the sale of United States War bonds during World War II, and Series 7, Photographs includes many images of Duke Ellington and His Orchestra's performances for military personnel revealing the impact of historic events on Duke Ellington and His Orchestra. Series 2: Programs and Performances, Series 9, Newspaper clippings and Series 8, Scrapbooks document the 1963 Far East tour aborted as a result of President John F. Kennedy's assassination.

The Duke Ellington Collection contains works by numerous twentieth-century music, literature, and art luminaries. Series 1, Music Manuscripts contains original music manuscripts of William Grant Still, Eubie Blake, Mary Lou Williams, and others. Series 4, Scripts and Transcripts contains a play by Langston Hughes, and Series 12, Posters contains many original artworks.
Arrangement:
Series 1: Music Manuscripts, circa 1930-1981, undated

Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1973, undated

Series 3: Business Records, 1938-1988

Series 4: Scripts and Transcripts, 1937-1970

Series 5: Personal Correspondence and Notes, 1941-1974, undated

Series 6: Sound Recordings, 1927-1974

Series 7: Photographs, 1924-1972, undated

Series 8: Scrapbooks, 1931-1973

Series 9: Newspaper Clippings, 1939-1973, undated

Series 10: Magazine Articles and Newspaper Clippings, 1940-1974

Series 11: Publicity, 1935-1988

Series 12: Posters and Oversize Graphics, 1933-1989, undated

Series 13: Awards, 1939-1982

Series 14: Religious Material, 1928-1974

Series 15: Books, 1903-1980

Series 16: Miscellaneous, 1940-1974
Biographical / Historical:
A native of Washington, DC, Edward Kennedy Ellington was born on April 29, 1899. Edward was raised in a middle-class home in the Northwest section of Washington described by his sister Ruth--younger by sixteen years--as a "house full of love." Ellington himself wrote that his father J.E. (James Edward) raised his family "as though he were a millionaire" but Edward was especially devoted to his mother, Daisy Kennedy Ellington. In 1969, thirty-four years after his mother's death, Ellington accepted the Presidential Medal of Freedom with these words, "There is nowhere else I would rather be tonight but in my mother's arms." Both his parents played the piano and Ellington began piano lessons at the age of seven, but like many boys he was easily distracted by baseball.

In his early teens, Ellington sneaked into Washington clubs and performance halls where he was exposed to ragtime musicians, including James P. Johnson, and where he met people from all walks of life. He returned in earnest to his piano studies, and at age fourteen wrote his first composition, "Soda Fountain Rag" also known as "Poodle Dog Rag." Ellington was earning income from playing music at seventeen years of age, and around this time he earned the sobriquet "Duke" for his sartorial splendor and regal air. On July 2, 1918, he married a high school sweetheart, Edna Thompson; their only child, Mercer Kennedy Ellington, was born on March 11, 1919. Duke Ellington spent the first twenty-four years of his life in Washington's culturally thriving Negro community. In this vibrant atmosphere he was inspired to be a composer and learned to take pride in his African-American heritage.

Ellington moved to New York City in 1923 to join and eventually lead a small group of transplanted Washington musicians called "The Washingtonians," which included future Ellington band members, Sonny Greer, Otto Hardwicke and "Bubber" Miley. Between 1923 and 1927, the group played at the Club Kentucky on Broadway and the ensemble increased from a quintet to a ten-piece orchestra. With stride pianist Willie "The Lion" Smith as his unofficial guide, Ellington soon became part of New York's music scene; Smith proved to be a long-lasting influence on Duke's composing and arranging direction. At the Club Kentucky, Ellington came under the tutelage of another legendary stride pianist, "Fats" Waller. Waller, a protege of Johnson and Smith, played solos during the band's breaks and also tutored Ellington who began to show progress in his compositions. In November 1924, Duke made his publishing and recording debut with "Choo Choo (I Got To Hurry Home)" released on the Blu-Disc label. In 1925, he contributed two songs to Chocolate Kiddies, an all-black revue which introduced European audiences to black American styles and performers. By this time Ellington's family, Edna and Mercer, had joined him in New York City. The couple separated in the late 1920's, but they never divorced or reconciled.

Ellington's achievements as a composer and bandleader began to attract national attention while he worked at the Cotton Club in Harlem, New York City, from 1927 to 1932. The orchestra developed a distinctive sound that displayed the non-traditional voicings of Ellington's arrangements and featured the unique talents of the individual soloists. Ellington integrated his soloists' exotic-sounding trombone growls and wah-wahs, their high-squealed trumpets, their sultry saxophone blues licks and Harlem's street rhythms into his arrangements. In the promotional material of the Cotton Club, the band was often billed as "Duke Ellington and His Jungle Band." With the success of compositions like "Mood Indigo," and an increasing number of recordings and national radio broadcasts from the Cotton Club, the band's reputation soared.

The ten years from 1932 to 1942 are considered by some major critics to represent the "golden age" for the Ellington Orchestra, but it represents just one of their creative peaks. These years did bring an influx of extraordinary new talent to the band including Jimmy Blanton on double bass, Ben Webster on tenor saxophone, and Ray Nance on trumpet, violin and vocals. During this ten year span Ellington composed several of his best known short works, including "Concerto For Cootie," "Ko-Ko," "Cotton Tail," "In A Sentimental Mood," and Jump For Joy, his first full-length musical stage revue.

Most notably, 1938 marked the arrival of Billy Strayhorn. While a teenager in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Strayhorn had already written "Lush Life," "Something To Live For" and a musical, Fantastic Rhythm. Ellington was initially impressed with Strayhorn's lyrics but realized long before Billy's composition "Take the A' Train" became the band's theme song in 1942 that Strayhorn's talents were not limited to penning clever lyrics. By 1942, "Swee' Pea" had become arranger, composer, second pianist, collaborator, and as Duke described him, "my right arm, my left arm, all the eyes in the back of my head, my brain waves in his head, and his in mine." Many Ellington/Strayhorn songs have entered the jazz canon, and their extended works are still being discovered and studied today. Strayhorn remained with the Ellington Organization until his death on May 30, 1967.

Ellington had often hinted of a work in progress depicting the struggle of blacks in America. The original script, Boola, debuted in Carnegie Hall in November of 1943, retitled Black, Brown and Beige. The performance met with mixed reviews, and although Ellington often returned to Carnegie Hall the piece was never recorded in a studio, and after 1944 was never performed in entirety again by the Ellington Orchestra. Nonetheless, it is now considered a milestone in jazz composition.

After World War II the mood and musical tastes of the country shifted and hard times befell big bands, but Ellington kept his band together. The band was not always financially self-sufficient and during the lean times Ellington used his songwriting royalties to meet the soloists' salaries. One could assign to Ellington the altruistic motive of loyalty to his sidemen, but another motivation may have been his compositional style which was rooted in hearing his music in the formative stage come alive in rehearsal. "The band was his instrument," Billy Strayhorn said, and no Ellington composition was complete until he heard the orchestra play it. Then he could fine tune his compositions, omit and augment passages, or weave a soloist's contribution into the structure of the tune.

In 1956, the American public rediscovered Duke and the band at the Newport Jazz Festival in Rhode Island. The searing performances of tenor saxophonist Paul Gonsalves on "Diminuendo and Crescendo In Blue," his premiere soloist, alto saxophonist Johnny Hodges on "Jeep's Blues", and the crowd's ecstatic reaction have become jazz legend. Later that year Duke landed on the cover of Time magazine. Although Ellington had previously written music for film and television (including the short film, Black and Tan Fantasy in 1929) it wasn't until 1959 that Otto Preminger asked him to score music for his mainstream film, Anatomy of a Murder, starring Jimmy Stewart. Paris Blues in 1961, featuring box-office stars Paul Newman and Sidney Poitier in roles as American jazz musicians in Paris, followed.

Ellington's first performance overseas was in England in 1933, but the 1960s brought extensive overseas tours including diplomatic tours sponsored by the State Department. Ellington and Strayhorn composed exquisite extended works reflecting the sights and sounds of their travels, including the Far East Suite, 1966. They wrote homages to their classical influences; in 1963, they adapted Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite and celebrated Shakespeare's works with the suite Such Sweet Thunder in 1957. With Ella Fitzgerald, they continued the Norman Granz Songbook Series. Ellington also began to flex his considerable pianist skills and recorded albums with John Coltrane (1963), Coleman Hawkins (1963), Frank Sinatra, and Money Jungle (1963) with Charles Mingus and Max Roach. The First Sacred Concert debuted in San Francisco's Grace Cathedral in 1965. In his final years, Ellington's thoughts turned to spiritual themes and he added a Second (1968) and Third (1973) Concert of Sacred Music to his compositions.

In his lifetime, Duke received numerous awards and honors including the highest honor bestowed on an American civilian, the Congressional Medal Of Freedom. In 1965, Ellington was recommended for a Pulitzer Prize to honor his forty years of contribution to music but the recommendation was rejected by the board. Most likely he was disappointed, but his response at the age of sixty-six was, "Fate is being kind to me. Fate doesn't want me to be famous too young."

Ellington never rested on his laurels or stopped composing. Whenever he was asked to name his favorite compositions his characteristic reply was "the next five coming up," but to please his loyal fans Ellington always featured some of his standards in every performance. Even on his deathbed, he was composing the opera buffo called Queenie Pie.

Duke Ellington died on May 24, 1974 at seventy-five years of age. His funeral was held in New York's Cathedral of St. John The Divine; he was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery. His long-time companion Beatrice "Evie" Ellis was buried beside him after her death in 1976. He was survived by his only child, Mercer Kennedy Ellington, who not only took up the baton to lead the Duke Ellington Orchestra but assumed the task of caring for his father's papers and his legacy to the nation. Mercer Ellington died in Copenhagan, Denmark on February 8, 1996, at the age of seventy-six. Ruth Ellington Boatwright died in New York on March 6, 2004, at the age of eighty-eight. Both Mercer and Ruth were responsible for shepherding the documents and artifacts that celebrate Duke Ellington's genius and creative life to their current home in the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

William H. Quealy Collection of Duke Ellington Recordings (AC0296)

Rutgers University Collection of Radio Interviews about Duke Ellington (AC0328)

Duke Ellington Oral History Project (AC0368)

Duke Ellington Collection of Ephemera and realated Audiovisual Materials (AC0386)

Annual International Conference of the Duke Ellington Study Group Proceedings (AC0385)

Robert Udkoff Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera (AC0388)

Frank Driggs Collection of Duke Ellington Photographic Prints (AC0389)

New York Chapter of the Duke Ellington Society Collection (AC390)

Earl Okin Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera (AC0391)

William Russo Transcription and Arrangement of Duke Ellington's First Concert of Sacred Music (AC0406)

Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (AC0415)

Music manuscripts in the Ruth Ellington Collection complement the music manuscripts found in the Duke Ellington Collection.

Carter Harman Collection of Interviews with Duke Ellington (AC0422)

Betty McGettigan Collection of Duke Ellington Memorabilia (AC0494)

Dr. Theodore Shell Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera (AC0502)

Edward and Gaye Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (AC0704)

Andrew Homzy Collection of Duke Ellington Stock Music Arrangements (AC0740)

John Gensel Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (AC0763)

Al Celley Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (AC1240)

Materials at Other Organizations

Institute of Jazz Studies

Websites

Billy Strayhorn Website

Duke Ellington Society
Separated Materials:
Artifacts related to this collection are in the Division of Culture and the Arts and include trophies, plaques, and medals. See accessions: 1989.0369; 1991.0808; 1993.0032; and 1999.0148.
Provenance:
The collection was purchased through an appropriation of Congress in 1988.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Topic:
Big bands  Search this
Pianists  Search this
Composers -- 20th century  Search this
Bandsmen -- 20th century  Search this
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Musicians -- 20th century  Search this
Music -- Performance  Search this
African American entertainers -- 20th century  Search this
African Americans -- History  Search this
Popular music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Phonograph records
Papers
Photographic prints
Posters
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Music -- Manuscripts
Clippings
Awards
Audiotapes
Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0301
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0301
Additional Online Media:

Clementine [music]

Topic:
Girls' suite
Composer:
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Lyricist:
Roberts, Ruth K.  Search this
Clayton, Stanley  Search this
Katz, Bill  Search this
Collection Collector:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
8 Items (mixed score(s) and/or part(s) (holographs), 32 cm.)
25 Items (copy scores, 32 cm.)
12 Items (parts (photocopies), 32 cm.)
1 Item (conductor score and/or parts (Published sheet music), 28 cm.)
8 Items (parts (photocopies), 28 cm.)
Container:
Box 76, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Copy scores
Holographs
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Piano vocal scores
Published sheet music
Short scores
Date:
1944
Scope and Contents:
see GIRL'S SUITE
52 parts and an indefinite number of scores
Clementine is contained in four of thirteen folders for "Girls' suite" consisting of 1 one page short score and 21 parts in Bb Major concert, 1 three page piano vocal score, 1 published part and 7 parts in F Major concert, and 23 parts in C Major concert -- in ink, pencil and photocopy -- in unidentified hands (BS, ME, Sanders, Whaley?).
Folder A contains items in 4 groupings -- (i) Short score. Short score indicates parts for alto, tenor, trumpets, trombone, piano. -- (ii) Part in F Major for piano. Part appears incomplete. -- (iii) Parts in Bb Major for 2 reeds - Toby, Carney (2); 1 trumpet - Ray; 1 trombone - Tricky (2). -- (iv) Part in Bb Major for 1 trombone - John.
Folder B contains items in 3 groupings -- (i) Published part and piano vocal score. Published part for piano. Piano vocal score lyrics begin "Baby Clementine saved this heart of mine ...". -- (ii) Parts in F Major for 1 reed - Rab; trombone; bass (2); guitar; piano. -- (iii) Parts in Bb Major for 1 reed - tenor; 2 trumpets - 1, 2; trombone; piano (2).
Folder C contains parts in 2 groupings -- (i) Parts in Bb Major for 3 reeds - Hodges (2), Otto (2), Carney (2). -- (ii) Parts in Bb Major for 1 trumpet - Wallace; 1 trombone - Tricky.
Folder D contains parts in C Major in 2 groupings -- (i) Parts for 5 reeds - Rabbit (2), Procope, Jimmy (2), Paul (2), Harry (2); 3 trumpets - Willie (2), Terry, Nance; 3 trombones - Britt, John (2), Quentin (2); bass (2). -- (ii) Parts for 1 reed - Procope; 1 trumpet - Cat; 1 trombone - Britt. -- All items except Folder A, grouping iii, Folder C, grouping i, and Folder D, grouping i from the Duke Ellington Library.
Biographical / Historical:
Remaining items from the Mercer Ellington Library. There appears to be a number from the Duke Ellington Band Book: 15.
General:
A part for "Three ten blues" is noted on the verso of the short score in Folder A. A part for an untitled piece is contained in Folder B. Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Condition: fair, torn, brittle, worn, tape.
Other Title:
Baby Clementine.
Publication:
New York, NY, Tempo Music, Inc., 1944
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Copy scores
Holographs
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Piano vocal scores
Published sheet music
Short scores
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0301-ref38605

Metronome all out [music]

Topic:
Magazine suite
Composer:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Collection Collector:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (mixed score(s) and/or part(s) (holograph), 32 cm.)
54 Items (copy scores, 32 cm.)
1 Item (part (photocopy), 32 cm.)
1 Item (conductor score and/or parts (Published sheet music), 28 cm.)
Container:
Box 220, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Copy scores
Holographs
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Piano conductor scores
Published sheet music
Short scores
Date:
1946
Scope and Contents:
see MAGAZINE SUITE
55 parts and an indefinite number of scores
Metronome all out is contained in five of nine folders for "Magazine suite" consisting of 1 five page short score and 55 parts in F Major concert, and 1 published three page piano conductor score in G Major concert -- in ink, pencil and photocopy -- in unidentified hands (DE, Whaley?).
Folder A contains short score. Short score indicates parts for Rab, sax, clarinet, baritone, Cat, trombone.
Folder B contains parts in 2 groupings -- (i) Parts for bass (2). -- (ii) Parts for 5 reeds - alto 1, alto 3, tenor 2, tenor 4, baritone; horn; 4 trumpets - 1, 2, 3, 4; 3 trombones - 1, 2, 3; drums; piano.
Folder C contains parts for 8 reeds - alto 1, alto 3, Toby, Rab, tenor 1, tenor 2, Jimmy, Sears; 5 trumpets - 1 (2), 2 (2), 3 (2), 4, Cat; 6 trombones - 1 (2), 2 (2), 3 (2), Tricky, Jones, Brown; bass.
Folder D contains parts for 5 reeds - alto 1, alto 3, Jimmy, Paul, baritone; 4 trumpets - 1, 2, 3, 4; 3 trombones - 1, 2, 3.
Folder E contains published piano conductor score. Score indicates parts for saxes, trombones, vibes, guitar.
Folder B, grouping ii, Folder C and Folder D from the Duke Ellington Library.
Biographical / Historical:
Folder A from the Presentation Album, vol. R, p. 20. Folder B, grouping i from the Mercer Ellington Library. Folder E from the Presentation Album, vol. E. There appears to be a number from the Duke Ellington Band Book: 2.
General:
Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, and Mark Tucker.
Condition: fair, worn, torn, tape, stained.
Other Title:
Metro.
Publication:
New York, NY, Tempo Music, Inc., 1946
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Copy scores
Holographs
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Piano conductor scores
Published sheet music
Short scores
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0301-ref42434

Paris blues [music]

Topic:
Paris blues
Composer:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Lyricist:
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Flender, Harold  Search this
Collection Collector:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
36 Items (copy scores, 32 cm.)
2 Items (mixed score(s) and/or part(s) (holographs), 32 cm.)
4 Items (manuscripts, 32 cm.)
3 Items (parts (photocopies), 32 cm.)
1 Item (part (photocopy), 28 cm.)
1 Item (conductor score and/or parts (Published sheet music), 28 cm.)
3 Items (conductor score and/or parts (Published sheet music), 25 cm.)
Container:
Box 264, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Copy scores
Holographs
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Piano conductor scores
Piano vocal scores
Published sheet music
Date:
1961
Scope and Contents:
see also Scores 4
45 parts and an indefinite number of scores
Paris blues is contained in two of thirty two folders for "Paris blues" consisting of 1 three page piano conductor score, 1 published two page piano vocal score, 3 published parts and 17 parts in D Major concert, 3 two page piano vocal scores and 1 part in C Major concert, 15 parts in F Major concert, 6 parts in Bb Major concert, and 3 lyric sheets -- in ink, pencil and photocopy -- in identified hand (Jones) and unidentified hands (BS, Whaley, Sanders?).
Folder A contains items in 6 groupings -- (i) Piano conductor score. Score indicates parts for saxes, clarinet, trumpets, trombones, drums. -- (ii) 2 piano vocal scores in C Major. Lyrics begin "Underneath Paris skies ...". -- (iii) Published parts in D Major for nontransposing treble instrument (2); Bb transposing treble instrument. -- (iv) Published piano vocal score in D Major. Lyrics begin "Left bank cafes, strolling the quays ...". -- (v) Part in D Major for voice. Lyrics begin "Left bank ...". -- (vi) Lyric sheets. 1 lyric sheet begins "Left bank ...". 2 lyric sheets begin "Underneath Paris skies ...". Sheets appear incomplete.
Folder B contains items in 6 groupings -- (i) Piano vocal score and 1 part in C Major, 1 part in Bb Major. Piano vocal score lyrics begin "Underneath Paris skies ...". Parts for piano (2). -- (ii) Parts in D Major for 6 reeds - clarinet, Proc, alto 3, tenor, Paul, baritone; 4 trumpets - 1, 2, 4, trumpet (2); 3 trombones - 1, 2, 3. Many parts appear incomplete. -- (iii) Parts in Bb Major for 3 reeds - alto, tenor, baritone; trumpet; trombone. -- (iv) Part in D Major for trombone. Part appears incomplete. -- (v) Parts in F Major and D Major. Parts in F Major for 1 reed - Jimmy (2); 1 trumpet - 4; 1 trombone - 1. Part in D Major for 1 reed - alto. -- (vi) Parts in F Major for 4 reeds - alto 1, Pro, Paul, baritone; 4 trumpets - 1, 2 (2), Baker, Herb; 2 trombones - 2, 3. -- All items except Folder B, grouping v from the Duke Ellington Library.
Biographical / Historical:
Folder B, grouping v from the Mercer Ellington Library. There appears to be a number from the Duke Ellington Band Book: 79.
General:
Parts for "Pensa a me" are noted on the verso of parts in Folder A, grouping iii. A part for "Objet" is noted on the verso of the part in Folder A, grouping v. A part for an untitled piece is noted on the verso of a part in Folder B, grouping i. A part for "Heritage number 3" is noted on the verso of a part in Folder B, grouping vi. Additional materials for this piece are contained in Folder D, grouping i. Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, and Mark Tucker.
Condition: fair, worn, torn, tape, stained.
Publication:
New York, NY, United Artists Music Co., Inc., 1961
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Copy scores
Holographs
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Photocopies
Piano conductor scores
Piano vocal scores
Published sheet music
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0301-ref43585

Rain check [music]

Composer:
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Collection Collector:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (manuscripts, 32 cm.)
7 Items (mixed score(s) and/or part(s) (holographs), 32 cm.)
39 Items (copy scores, 32 cm.)
13 Items (parts (photocopies), 32 cm.)
2 Items (copy scores, 31 cm.)
11 Items (parts (photocopies), 28 cm.)
1 Item (conductor score and/or parts (Published sheet music), 28 cm.)
Container:
Box 303, Folder 3-6
Type:
Archival materials
Conductor scores
Copy scores
Holographs
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Piano conductor scores
Piano vocal scores
Published sheet music
Short scores
Date:
1942
Scope and Contents:
see also Subseries 1.3 sa Subseries 1.2
68 parts and an indefinite number of scores
Rain check is contained in four folders consisting of 1 two page short score and 11 parts in C Major concert, 1 one page conductor score, 1 two page short score, 2 four page piano conductor scores, 2 two page piano vocal scores and 56 parts in F Major concert, and 1 part in Bb Major concert -- in ink, pencil and photocopy -- in unidentified hands (DE, BS, Whaley, other?).
Folder A contains items in C Major in 3 groupings -- (i) Short score. Score indicates parts for Rab, tenor, Ray, Brown. Score appears incomplete. -- (ii) Parts for 2 reeds - Rab (2), baritone (2); 1 trumpet - Ray (2); trombone; bass (2). -- (iii) Parts for 1 reed - tenor (2).
Folder B contains items in F Major in 3 groupings -- (i) Part for unidentified treble instrument (guitar?). -- (ii) One page conductor score and two page short score. Conductor score indicates parts for clarinet, 2 altos, baritone. Score appears incomplete. Short score does not indicate instrumentation and appears incomplete. -- (iii) Piano conductor scores. Scores indicate parts for clarinet, tenor, piano.
Folder C contains parts in F Major in 5 groupings -- (i) Parts for 2 reeds - alto 3, baritone; 3 trumpets - 1, 2, 3; 3 trombones - 1, 2, 3; bass. -- (ii) Parts for 6 reeds - alto 1, Rab, alto 2, Paul (2), Jimmy, Carney (2); 2 trumpets - 2, 3 (2); 3 trombones - Brown, Buster, Chuck (2); bass. -- (iii) Parts for 1 reed - Ben; 1 trumpet - Rex; 1 unidentified treble instrument (guitar?). -- (iv) Parts for 2 trombones - Brown, Tricky. -- (v) Parts for 1 reed - Sears; 1 trombone - Tricky.
Folder D contains items in 8 groupings -- (i) Piano vocal scores. Scores do not include lyrics. -- (ii) Parts in F Major for 2 reeds - alto 2, Jimmy; 1 trumpet - 1 (2); 1 trombone - Brown; drums. -- (iii) Parts in F Major for 1 trombone - Buster; bass. -- (iv) Parts in F Major for 1 reed - Rab; 3 trumpets - 2, 3 (2), Ray; bass. -- (v) Part in F Major for 1 reed - Carney. -- (vi) Parts in F Major for 2 trumpets - 2, 4; bass. Part in Bb Major for unidentified treble instrument. Part in Bb Major may reflect a different arrangement of the piece. -- (vii) Parts in F Major for 3 reeds - alto 1, Jimmy, Paul; 1 trombone - Butter. -- (viii) Part in F Major for 1 trumpet - 1. -- All items except Folder A, grouping ii, Folder C, grouping iii, and Folder D, groupings iii, iv, & vi from the Duke Ellington Library.
Biographical / Historical:
Remaining items from the Mercer Ellington Library. There appear to be numbers from the Duke Ellington Band Book: X39, 57, 132.
General:
A part for "What good" is noted on the verso of the part in Folder B. Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Condition: fair, worn, torn, tape.
Other Title:
Ra-ch.
Raincheck.
Publication:
New York, NY, Tempo Music, Inc., 1942
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Conductor scores
Copy scores
Holographs
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Piano conductor scores
Piano vocal scores
Published sheet music
Short scores
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0301-ref44217

Put-tin [music]

Topic:
Far east suite
Composer:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Collection Collector:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
3 Items (mixed score(s) and/or part(s) (holographs), 32 cm.)
19 Items (copy scores, 32 cm.)
7 Items (parts (photocopies), 32 cm.)
4 Items (parts (photocopies), 28 cm.)
1 Item (copy score, 26 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Copy scores
Holographs
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Short scores
Scope and Contents:
32 parts and an indefinite number of scores
Put-tin is contained in three of thirty one folders for "Far east suite" consisting of 1 one page short score, 1 three page short score and 32 parts in Ab Major concert -- in ink, pencil and photocopy -- in unidentified hands (DE, Whaley, other?).
Folder A contains one page short score. Short score does not indicate instrumentation and appears incomplete. Short score subtitle "Coda."
Folder B contains parts in 2 groupings -- (i) Parts for 5 reeds - Rab (2), Proc (2), Jimmy (2), Paul (2), Harry (2); 4 trumpets - solo, Cooty (2), Herb, Merc; 3 trombones - Brown, Buster (2), Chuck (2). -- (ii) Part for 1 trumpet - Cat.
Folder C contains items in 3 groupings -- (i) Three page short score. Short score indicates parts for sax, tenor, baritone, Cooty, trumpets. Short score appears incomplete. -- (ii) Parts for 2 reeds - Rab, Proc. -- (iii) Parts for 3 reeds - Hamilton, Paul, baritone; 2 trumpets - 1, 2; 3 trombones - 1, 2, bass; bass. -- All items except Folder B, grouping i from the Duke Ellington Library.
Biographical / Historical:
Folder B, grouping i from the Mercer Ellington Library. Statement of responsibility taken from Music is my Mistress, by Duke Ellington.
General:
A short score for an untitled piece is noted on the verso of the short score in Folder A. Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Condition: fair, worn, stained, tape.
Unsigned Ellington-Strayhorn composition.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Copy scores
Copy scores
Holographs
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Short scores
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0301-ref52331

Walk it off ballet [music]

Topic:
Jump for joy
Composer:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Lyricist:
Kuller, Sid  Search this
Collection Collector:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (part (photocopy), 36 cm.)
2 Items (mixed score(s) and/or part(s) (holographs), 32 cm.)
53 Items (copy scores, 32 cm.)
1 Item (conductor score and/or parts (Published sheet music), 31 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Copy scores
Holographs
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Piano vocal scores
Published sheet music
Short scores
Date:
1961
Scope and Contents:
52 parts and an indefinite number of scores
Walk it off ballet is contained in five of one hundred fourteen folders for "Jump for joy" consisting of 1 five page short score, 1 six page short score, 2 two page short scores and 38 parts in C Major concert, 1 published three page piano vocal score in G Major, and 14 parts in Ab Major concert -- in ink, pencil and photocopy -- in identified hands (BS, Whaley) and unidentified hands (DE, Sanders, others?).
Folder A contains five page short score. Short score indicates parts for sax, 2 clarinets, baritone, 2 trumpets, bass.
Folder B contains piano vocal score and six page short score. Piano vocal score lyrics begin "Walk it off, walk it off, trouble drop it ...". Short score indicates parts for saxes, clarinets, baritone, trumpet, 3 trombones, bass.
Folder C contains items in 3 groupings -- (i) 1 two page short score. Short score does not indicate instrumentation and appears incomplete. -- (ii) 1 two page short score and parts in C Major. Short score indicates part for Ray. Parts for 5 reeds - alto 1, alto 3, Jimmy, Paul, Carney; 4 trumpets - 1, 2, 3, 4; 3 trombones - 1, 2, 3; bass. Score and parts subtitled "Reprise." All items appear incomplete. -- (iii) Parts in Ab Major for 5 reeds - Rab, Proc, Jimmy, Paul, Carney; 4 trumpets - 1, 2, 3, 4; 3 trombones - 1, 2, 3; bass.
Folder D contains parts in 2 groupings -- (i) Parts in C Major for 5 reeds - Rab, Proc, Jimmy, Paul, Carney; 4 trumpets - 1, 2, 3, 4; 3 trombones - 1, 2, 3; bass. -- (ii) Parts in C Major for 4 reeds - Rab, Proc, Paul, Carney; 4 trumpets - Ray, Baker, Terry, Cat; 3 trombones - 1, 2, 3; bass. Parts subtitled "Vocal end."
Folder E contains part in Ab Major for voice. Lyrics begin as above. -- All items except Folder B from the Duke Ellington Library.
Biographical / Historical:
Folder B from the Presentation Album, vol. Q.
General:
Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Condition: fair, tape, water spots.
Other Title:
Walk it off.
Walk bale.
Walking.
Publication:
New York, NY, Robbins Music Corp., 1961
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Copy scores
Holographs
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Photocopies
Piano vocal scores
Published sheet music
Short scores
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0301-ref52375

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