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Wendy Jeffers research material on Niles Spencer

Creator:
Jeffers, Wendy  Search this
Names:
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Miller, Dorothy Canning, 1904-2003  Search this
Spencer, Niles, 1893-1952  Search this
Extent:
3 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
circa 1930-2015
Summary:
The Wendy Jeffers research material on Niles Spencer measures 3.0 linear feet and dates from circa 1930-2015. The material was compiled by Jeffers for an exhibition and catalog she produced of Spencer's work for the Whitney Museum in 1990 and for research toward an updated catalogue raisonné. The bulk of the collection is comprised of correspondence, provenance research on individual artworks, writing, and photographic material. Jeffers' material expands on Dorothy C. Miller's research completed while organizing a Spencer exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in 1954.
Scope and Contents:
The Wendy Jeffers research material on Niles Spencer measures 3.0 linear feet and dates from circa 1930-2015. The material was compiled by Jeffers for Niles Spencer (1990), an exhibition and catalog she produced for the Whitney Museum and for research toward an updated catalogue raisonné. The bulk of the collection is comprised of correspondence, provenance research on individual artworks, writing, and photographic material. Jeffers' material expands on Dorothy C. Miller's research completed while organizing a Spencer exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in 1954.
Arrangement:
Due to the singular focus of the material, the collection is arranged as one series

Series 1: Wendy Jeffers research material on Niles Spencer, circa 1930-2015 (3 linear feet; Box 1-3)
Biographical / Historical:
Wendy Jeffers is a curator and independent scholar. In 1990, she organized a Niles Spencer exhibition at the Whitney Museum at Equitable Center, and coauthored the exhibition catalog with Karl Anne Marling. Jeffers also curated a Spencer exhibition at the Archives of American Art, New York Research Center in 1990 using his recently acquired papers. In addition, Jeffers has been engaged in research toward an updated catalogue raisonné for Spencer.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are the Niles Spencer papers, 1826-1972, bulk 1900-1961.
Provenance:
Donated in 2015 by Wendy Jeffers.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
Wendy Jeffers research material on Niles Spencer is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Curators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art historians -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Citation:
Wendy Jeffers research material on Niles Spencer, circa 1930-2015. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.jeffwen
See more items in:
Wendy Jeffers research material on Niles Spencer
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-jeffwen

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0112987
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_112988

Alexander Brook papers

Creator:
Brook, Alexander, 1898-1980  Search this
Names:
Bacon, Peggy, 1895-1987  Search this
Biddle, George, 1885-1973  Search this
Bouché, Louis, 1896-1969  Search this
Brett, Catherine  Search this
Covarrubias, Miguel, 1904-1957  Search this
Knee, Gina, 1898-1982  Search this
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Spencer, Niles, 1893-1952  Search this
Extent:
4.3 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Watercolors
Sketches
Transcriptions
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Interviews
Etchings
Illustrations
Date:
1900-1982
Summary:
The papers of painter Alexander Brook measure 4.3 linear feet and date from 1900-1982. Found within the papers are biographical material; personal and professional correspondence; writings; personal business records; printed material; scrapbooks; artwork; and photographs of Brook, his family and friends, and his work.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter Alexander Brook measure 4.3 linear feet and date from 1900-1982. Found within the papers are biographical material; personal and professional correspondence; writings; personal business records; printed material; scrapbooks; artwork; and photographs of Brook, his family and friends, and his work.

Biographical materials include an address book, award certificates, curriculum vitae, marriage and divorce documents, passports, biographical information on Brook's wife, Gina Knee Brook, and 4 interview transcripts.

Correspondence is primarily with Brook's family, friends, fellow artists, and business associates discussing personal relationships, teaching opportunities, art sales, and exhibitions. Included in this series are letters to Brook's second wife, Gina Knee Brook. Additional correspondents include Brook's children, Belinda and Sandy (Alexander) Brook, Peggy Bacon, artists Niles Spencer and George Biddle, and writer Haniel Long.

Writings by Brook consist of reminiscences, 6 essays, a lecture, a memorium to Catherine Brett, 6 short stories, 2 notebooks, and miscellaneous notes. Writings by others consist of a notebook by Mrs. Beeton containing humorous recipes, an essay, 2 memoirs, poetry, and a short story from unknown authors.

Personal business records include sales invoices, tax returns noting income from sales of artwork, and receipts for various art supplies.

Printed material includes brochures, chapbooks, clippings, city guides, exhibition announcements and catalogs, periodicals, and miscellaneous printed material.

There are two scrapbooks, a clippings scrapbook titled Unstruggling Artist, and an untitled scrapbook containing clippings and interspersed with correspondence, catalogs, and photographs.

Artwork consists of ink, pencil, and pen sketches; etchings and 2 etching plates; mixed media illustrations; and watercolors by unknown artists. There are also 9 sketchbooks, most likely by Alexander Brook, and a drawing by Miguel Covarrubius.

Photographs are of people, exhibition installations, and works of art. These include childhood photos of Alexander Brook and Gina Knee Brook, photos of the Brooks together in Savannah, Georgia and Sag Harbor, Long Island, as well as photos of Alexander Brook with friends, an artist model, at home, and in various studios. There are also photos of Peggy Bacon, Louis Bouché, Niles Spencer, and Jackson Pollock. Exhibition installations include a show at the Carnegie Institution and unidentified one man shows.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1907-1979 (14 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1930-1975 (0.6 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1921-1975 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, circa 1931-1982 (0.3 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1918-1982 (1.4 linear feet; Box 2-3)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, circa 1935-1975 (0.4 linear feet; Box 3, 5)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1935-1975 (0.4 linear feet; Box 4)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1900-1980 (0.6 linear feet; Box 4)
Biographical / Historical:
Alexander Brook (1898-1980) was a painter and art instructor who lived and worked in Woodstock, Sag Harbor, and New York City, New York, and Savannah, Georgia.

Brook was born in Brooklyn, New York to Russian immigrants Eudoxia Gelescu and Onufri Brook. After contracting polio at the age of twelve, he remained bed-ridden for a year and his formal schooling was suspended. At this time, he began to show an interest in art and began receiving his first lessons in painting. In 1914, he enrolled in the Art Students League where he won scholarships and cultivated friendships with other art students, including Louis Bouché, Niles Spencer, and Peggy Bacon, whom he married in 1920.

Brook and Bacon's two children, Belinda and Alexander Bacon Brook, were born in 1920 and 1922, and the couple divided their time between a summer house in Woodstock and a series of apartments in New York City. Their circle of artist friends included the Bouchés, Niles Spencer, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Andrew Dasburg, and many of the other artists who lived and worked in Woodstock. Brook and Bacon continued to produce art, with Brook focusing on his painting, and Bacon publishing her illustrations and prints in nationally syndicated magazines.

In the 1920s, Brook also wrote articles for The Arts and caught the attention of Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney. She invited him to promote and organize exhibits for her Whitney Studio Club, and from 1923 to 1927, he worked as assistant director of the Club, which was later to become the Whitney Museum of Art. By the late 1920s, Brook's realist paintings of landscapes, still lifes, and posed figures of women were gaining wide recognition and he was given his first retrospective at the Art Institute of Chicago in 1929, at the age of thirty-one. In the early 1930s, within the span of three years, Brook exhibited one man shows at the ACA, Valentine, Charles Daniel, and Downtown Galleries in New York City, and received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1931.

In 1938, Brook moved to Savannah, Georgia and began visiting and painting realist scenes based on visits to the city's oldest black neighborhoods. When Brook's marriage with Bacon ended in 1940, he continued to live in Savannah with his second wife, Libby Berger. After his second marriage ended, he returned to New York in 1942 to teach at the Art Students League and, during World War II, served as a correspondent and artist for the Army based out of Panama.

In 1944, Brook returned to Savannah with his third wife, the artist Gina Knee Brook. Through the mid-1940s, Brook continued to exhibit his works, primarily through the Rehn Gallery, contributed articles and essays to art journals, and was commissioned to paint two covers for the Saturday Evening Post. In 1948, the Brooks purchased and moved to their last home in Sag Harbor, Long Island. Believing realist work was no longer well received in critical and contemporary art circles, Brook slowly retreated from the art world, exhibiting his last solo show at Knoedler Galleries in 1952, and retiring from painting in 1966. Brook died on February 26, 1980.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art holds an oral history interview with Alexander Brook conducted by Paul Cummings, July 7-8, 1977. There is also substantial correspondence from Alexander Brook in the Peggy Bacon papers.
Separated Materials:
The photocopied typescript, "Myself and Others," was microfilmed upon receipt and is available on reel 3928.
Provenance:
The bulk of the papers were donated in several accretions by his Brook's wife, Gina Knee Brook, from 1981 to 1982. In 1982, she loaned a scrapbook for microfilming, which was later donated to the archives by Brook's son, Sandy Brook, in 1994. In 1985 and 1986, the Whitney Museum and Eloise Spaeth each donated a copy of Brook's typescript "Myself and Others."
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Alexander Brook papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Post-impressionism (Art) -- United States -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Watercolors
Sketches
Transcriptions
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Interviews
Etchings
Illustrations
Citation:
Alexander Brook papers, 1900-1982. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.brooalex
See more items in:
Alexander Brook papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-brooalex

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0112988
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_112989

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0112989
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_112990

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0112990
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_112991

New England Landscape [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0112991
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_112992

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0112992
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_112993

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0112993
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_112994

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1921
Image number:
JUL J0112994
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_112995

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0112995
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_112996

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0112996
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_112997

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0112997
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_112998

Niles Spencer: artist file, [photographs]

Artist:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Artist files
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Image number:
VFM VF002776
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_141499

Niles Spencer : Whitney Museum of American Art at Equitable Center, April 25-June 20, 1990 / with essays by Karal Ann Marling and Wendy Jeffers

Author:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Marling, Karal Ann  Search this
Jeffers, Wendy  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art at Equitable Center  Search this
Subject:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952 Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
26 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1990
C1990
Call number:
N40.1.S752 W62 1990
N40.1.S752W62 1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_437314

Niles Spencer papers, 1826-1972, (bulk 1900-1961)

Creator:
Spencer, Niles, 1893-1952  Search this
Subject:
Alamán, Lucas  Search this
Watson, Ernest William  Search this
Naylor, Charles  Search this
Meyer, Henry  Search this
Spencer, Henry L.  Search this
Smith, H. I.  Search this
Chidsey, G. Alan  Search this
Madrazo, José de  Search this
Rhode Island School of Design  Search this
Topic:
Landscape painters  Search this
Drawings  Search this
Industries in art  Search this
Precisionism  Search this
Painters  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Artists' preparatory studies  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7240
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209386
AAA_collcode_spennile
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209386

Behind the Square, (painting)

Painter:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas board
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1932
Topic:
Cityscape  Search this
Control number:
IAP 8B740015
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_433724

University Place, (painting)

Painter:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1944
Topic:
Landscape  Search this
Control number:
IAP 8B740025
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_433746

The Park, (painting)

Painter:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvasboard
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1917 (?)
Topic:
Landscape--Park  Search this
Control number:
IAP 8B730004
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_433756

Painting, (painting)

Painter:
Spencer, Niles 1893-1952  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Unlocated
Date:
1923
Topic:
Undetermined  Search this
Control number:
IAP 8B730014
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_433774

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