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Rock ' n ' Soul Audiovisual History Project Collection

Interviewer:
Daniel, Pete  Search this
McGovern, Charles  Search this
Meehan, John P.  Search this
Less, David  Search this
Sponsor:
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
Author:
Memphis Rock 'n' Soul Museum (Memphis, Tennessee)  Search this
Names:
Stax Records  Search this
Sun Records  Search this
Presley, Elvis, 1935-1977  Search this
Interviewee:
Anderson, Clara  Search this
Berger, Bettye  Search this
Blackwood, James, 1919-2002  Search this
Burlison, Paul  Search this
Dickinson, Jim, 1941-  Search this
Fontana, D.J., 1954-  Search this
Ford, Fred  Search this
Gist, Morse  Search this
Gordon, Willie  Search this
Jackson, Cordell, 1923-  Search this
Kesler, Stan  Search this
Lansky, Bernard  Search this
Manuel, Bobby, 1945-  Search this
Mitchell, Willie, 1928-  Search this
Moore, Scotty, 1931-  Search this
Nelson, Ford  Search this
Newborn, Calvin  Search this
Novarese, John, 1923-1996  Search this
Perkins, Carl  Search this
Phillips, Sam, 1923-  Search this
Porter, David, 1941-  Search this
Rich, Charlie, 1932-1995  Search this
Riley, Billy Lee, 1933-  Search this
Roll, Bobby  Search this
Sammons, George  Search this
Stewart, Jim  Search this
Talley, Bob  Search this
Thomas, Rufus, 1917-  Search this
Withers, Ernest  Search this
Yelvington, Malcolm, 1918-2001  Search this
Extent:
20 Cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Video recordings
Interviews
Oral history
Audio cassettes
Transcripts
Audiovisual materials
Place:
Memphis (Tenn.)
Date:
1992 and 1999
Summary:
In 1990, curators at the National Museum of American History began a project to develop a traveling exhibition about American music, and in the course of research, curators repeatedly returned to the Mississippi Delta area and Memphis, Tennessee to conduct interviews. A group in Memphis organized to raise the funds to complete the research, to acquire objects and artifacts, and the project ultimately became the Smithsonian-affiliated Memphis Rock 'n' Soul Museum, which opened in 2000 at 191 Beale Street.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of oral and video history interviews conducted by curators at the National Museum of American History with musicians, recording executives, disc jockeys, and others involved with the development of rock'n'soul music. Complete transcripts of all of the interviews exist.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in four series.

Series 1, Original Interviews

Series 2, Reference Copies

Subseries 1, Umatic Videos

Subseries 2, Reference DVDs

Series 3, Audio Cassettes

Series 4, Transcripts
Biographical / Historical:
In 1990, National Museum of American History curators Dr. Pete Daniel and Dr. Charles McGovern, began conducting research with the intention of creating a traveling exhibit about "American music." Their investigations led them to the Mississippi delta and ultimately to Memphis Tennessee, which had developed as a crossroads where people and musical traditions met beginning in the 1930s. Based on their discoveries they refined their scope in order to focus on the music that grew out of the traditions that met and mixed in Memphis. They weren't able to secure funding for the originally proposed exhibit, but instead partnered with the Memphis Rock'n'Soul Museum to develop the exhibit Rock'n'Soul: Social Crossroads. The museum and exhibit opened in 2000 and explores the influential musical form that has its roots in Memphis.

Much of the basic research for the exhibit as well as the production elements for the companion radio series, "Memphis: Cradle of Rock'n'Soul" came from oral and video history interviews conducted with musicians, record producers, radio disc jockeys and others involved with the development and popularization of rock'n'soul during 1992 and 1999. Daniel and McGovern partnered with John Meehan of Smithsonian Productions to create high-quality, informative interview tapes. The Rock'n'Soul Video History Collection is comprised of these unedited interviews.
Provenance:
Made at the National Museum of American History for the Smithsonian-affiliated Memphis Rock 'n' Soul Museum in 1992 and 1999.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Only refrence DVDs and digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution's Digital Asset Management System (DAMS) may be used.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Soul musicians  Search this
Soul music  Search this
Rockabilly music  Search this
Rock musicians  Search this
Rock music -- Interviews  Search this
Rock music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings -- 1990-2000
Interviews -- 1990-2000
Oral history -- 1990-2000
Audio cassettes -- 1990-2000
Transcripts
Audiovisual materials
Citation:
Rock 'n' Soul Videohistory Collection, 1990-1999, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0879
See more items in:
Rock ' n ' Soul Audiovisual History Project Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0879

Soul Train Music Awards Records

Donor:
Soul Train Holdings, LLC  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (1 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Programs
Posters
Press releases
Articles
Date:
1987 - 2004
Summary:
The collection consists of printed materials, including programs, press kits, prints, slides and posters from various award presentations given by the syndicated television program Soul Train from 1987 to 2004. These include the Soul Train Music Awards, Soul Train Lady of Soul Awards, Soul Train Comedy Awards, and Soul Train Divas and Kings.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of printed materials, including programs and press kits, and photographic prints, slides and posters from various award presentations given by Soul Train. These include the "Soul Train" Music Awards, "Soul Train" Lady of Soul Awards, "Soul Train" Comedy Awards, "Soul Train" Divas and Kings.

Series 1, Award Programs, 1987-2004, is subdivided into five subseries: Subseries 1, Soul Train Award Programs, 1987-2004; Subseries 2, Lady of Soul Award Programs, 1995-2003; Subseries 3, Christmas StarFest, 1998-1999, 2003; Subseries 4, Comedy Awards Program, 1993.

Subseries 1, Soul Train Award Programs, 1987-2004, consists of printed programs and press kits for the annual awards event, held each year in Los Angeles, California. The press kits contain biographies for the award recipients, press releases, publicity prints and slides of award recipients. The prints and slides were assembled by Tribune Entertainment Company. In 1995, there was a twenty-fifth anniversary Hall of Fame Special. The history of the "Soul Train" story is chronicled in this 1995 anniversary program.

Subseries 2, Lady of Soul Award Programs, 1995-2003, consists of printed programs, prints, slides, and press kits with biographies and press releases honoring great women in the world of entertainment. The Lady of Soul Awards was the first-ever show format specially designed to honor female entertainers.

Subseries 3, Christmas StarFest, 1998-1999, 2003, consists of printed advertisements and press kits for "Soul Train" Christmas Starfest, a television special of major music stars. The press kits contain biographies, publicity prints, and slides of entertainers who participated.

Subseries 4, Comedy Awards Program, 1993, consists of two programs for the first annual "Soul Train" Comedy Awards. The 1993 debut was the only time the show was produced.

Subseries 5, Divas and Kings Program, 2000, consists of print advertisements for a special Soul Train thirtieth anniversary special featuring performances by a variety of entertainers.

Series 2, Posters, 1989, consists of two posters from the 1989 Soul Train Awards honoring Michael Jackson.

Series 3, Ephemera, 1990, 2001, consists of a tribune Entertainment Company publication, That's Entertainment from 1990 and newspaper clippings about Soul Train creator, Don Cornelius, Los Angeles Times, 2001.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into three series.

Series 1, Award Programs, 1987-2004

Subseries 1, Soul Train Award Programs, 1987-2004

Subseries 2, Lady of Soul Award Programs, 1995-2003

Subseries 3, Christmas Starfest, 1998-1999, 2003

Subseries 4, Comedy Award Program, 1993

Subseries 5, Divas and Kings Program, 2000

Series 2, Posters, 1989

Series 3, Ephemera, 1990, 2001
Biographical / Historical:
Soul Train, was the longest-running syndicated television series in American history. Don Cornelius, a former disc jockey, created "Soul Train" in 1970 for the Chicago television station WCIU and served as its writer, producer and host. When it became a local sensation, he moved the show to Los Angeles and began broadcasting nationally in 1971, beginning a thirty-five year run in syndication. Soul Train presented rhythm and blues, soul, and hip hop performers, though sometimes funk, jazz, disco, and gospel artists were featured.

Born on Chicago's South Side on September 27, 1936, Cornelius had an early craving to go into broadcasting. He graduated from DuSable High School in 1954, served in the Marine Corps and then returned to Chicago to marry Delores Harrison. They had two sons, Anthony and Raymond. In 1966, Cornelius gave up a career selling insurance and cars to take a three-month broadcast course. He landed a job as a substitute disc jockey at WVON in Chicago and later as a sports anchor on the television program "A Black's View of the News." He produced the "Soul Train" pilot with four-hundred dollars of his own money, taking the title from a road show he had created for local high schools. Cornelius stepped down as host of the "Soul Train" in 1993, but the show continued to air for another decade with guest hosts presiding. In 2001, Cornelius married Viktoria Chapman, but divorced her in 2009.

In 2008, Cornelius sold the "Soul Train" franchise and the archives to a subsidiary of Vibe Holdings LLC. Over 1,117 episodes were produced. The musical artists who performed on "Soul Train" included many of the greatest African American performers of the last decades--Aretha Franklin, Ray Charles, James Brown, the Jackson Five--and many Motown acts. Over its long history, the show primarily featured performances by rhythm and blues, soul, and hip hop artists, although funk, jazz, disco, and gospel artist also appeared. While most of these artists were African American, in later years the show featured some white performers such as Elton John and David Bowie. Singer Gino Vanelli was the first to integrate the show, in 1975, when Cornelius invited him to board the train to sing his hit, "People Gotta Move."

Cornelius also produced a number of award shows and annual specials, including the Soul Train Music Awards, the Soul Train Lady of Soul Awards, and the Soul Train Christmas Starfest. African American performers were predominantly featured in these shows and they served as a welcome counterpoint in the black musical community to what were perceived of as white-dominated award programs.
Related Materials:
Materials Held at Other Organizations

Library of Congress Copyright Office

Complete documentary sets of each "as broadcast" episode in DigiBeta or 1/2" VHS format and written transcriptions. "Soul Train" deposited this material at the Library of Congress Copyright Office in 2001.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Soul Train Holdings, LLC, through Kenard Gibbs, CEO on August 12, 2011.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Soul musicians  Search this
Soul music  Search this
African American music -- 20th century  Search this
Rhythm and blues music  Search this
Award presentations  Search this
Genre/Form:
Programs
Posters
Press releases
Articles
Citation:
Soul Train Music Awards Records, 1987-2004, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1223
See more items in:
Soul Train Music Awards Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1223

Florida soul : from Ray Charles to KC and the Sunshine Band / John Capouya

Author:
Capouya, John 1956-  Search this
Physical description:
396 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Criticism, interpretation, etc
Place:
Florida
Date:
2017
Topic:
Soul music--History and criticism  Search this
Soul musicians  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
African American singers  Search this
Popular music--History and criticism  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1091165

Truly blessed / Teddy Pendergrass and Patricia Romanowski

Author:
Pendergrass, Teddy  Search this
Bashe, Patricia Romanowski 1949-  Search this
Subject:
Pendergrass, Teddy  Search this
Physical description:
319 pages, [16] pages of plates : illustrations, portraits ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1998
©1998
Topic:
Singers  Search this
Soul musicians  Search this
Rhythm and blues musicians  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1089255

Dream boogie : the triumph of Sam Cooke / Peter Guralnick

Author:
Guralnick, Peter  Search this
Subject:
Cooke, Sam  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 750 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2005
C2005
Topic:
Soul musicians  Search this
African American sound recording executives and producers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_800753

Temptations / Otis Williams with Patricia Romanowski

Author:
Williams, Otis  Search this
Bashe, Patricia Romanowski 1949-  Search this
Subject:
Temptations (Musical group)  Search this
Physical description:
268 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2002
Topic:
Soul musicians  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_735289

Soul to soul / by Phyla Garland ; photographs by Richard Saunders

Author:
Garland, Phyl  Search this
Saunders, Richard  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Ghana
Date:
1971
Topic:
Soul music  Search this
Rhythm and blue music  Search this
Call number:
AP2 .T674
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_760585

Soul music A-Z / Hugh Gregory

Title:
Soul music A to Z
Author:
Gregory, Hugh  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 266 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1991
Topic:
Soul musicians--Biography--Dictionaries  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_600888

Only the strong survive : memoirs of a soul survivor / Jerry Butler, with Earl Smith

Author:
Butler, Jerry  Search this
Smith, Earl 1939 Dec. 30-  Search this
Subject:
Butler, Jerry  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 266 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2000
C2000
Topic:
Soul musicians  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_607526

Ladies of soul / David Freeland

Author:
Freeland, David  Search this
Physical description:
xxxi, 232 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2001
C2001
Topic:
Women singers  Search this
Soul musicians  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_686564

Soul survivor

Author:
Ogunwa, Denrele  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Onabule, Ona  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Nigeria
Date:
1996
Topic:
Soul musicians  Search this
Call number:
DT491 .W516
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_502858

A touch of classic soul : soul singers of the early 1970s / Marc Taylor

Author:
Taylor, Marc  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 359 p. : ports. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1996
C1996
Topic:
Soul musicians--Biography  Search this
Soul music--History and criticism  Search this
Call number:
ML400 .T39 1996
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_537211

You send me : the life and times of Sam Cooke / Daniel Wolff with S.R. Crain ... [et al.]

Author:
Wolff, Daniel J  Search this
Subject:
Cooke, Sam  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 424 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1995
C1995
Topic:
Soul musicians  Search this
African American sound recording executives and producers--Biography  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_539330

Women of Motown : an oral history / by Susan Whitall

Author:
Whitall, Susan  Search this
Subject:
Motown Record Corporation  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 155 p. : ill., ports. ; 21 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1998
C1998
Topic:
Women singers  Search this
Soul musicians  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_558508

Sam and Dave : an oral history / by Sam Moore and Dave Marsh

Author:
Moore, Sam 1935-  Search this
Marsh, Dave  Search this
Subject:
Moore, Sam 1935-  Search this
Sam & Dave  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 132 p. : ill., ports. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1998
C1998
Topic:
Soul musicians--Biography  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_558509

Aretha : from these roots / Aretha Franklin and David Ritz

Author:
Franklin, Aretha  Search this
Ritz, David  Search this
Subject:
Franklin, Aretha  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 254 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1999
C1999
Topic:
Soul musicians  Search this
Call number:
CT275.F827 A1 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_592817

Sweet soul music : rhythm and blues and the southern dream of freedom / Peter Guralnick

Title:
Rhythm and blues and the southern dream of freedom
Author:
Guralnick, Peter  Search this
Physical description:
438 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Criticism, interpretation, etc
Place:
Southern States
United States
Date:
1999
Topic:
Soul music--History and criticism  Search this
Rhythm and blues music--History and criticism  Search this
Popular music--History and criticism  Search this
Soul musicians  Search this
Blues musicians  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1033701

The sound of soul

Author:
Garland, Phyl  Search this
Physical description:
246 pages illustrations, portraits 21 cm
Type:
Books
Criticism, interpretation, etc
Date:
1969
[1969]
Topic:
Soul music--History and criticism  Search this
Soul musicians  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1045175

Cold sweat : my father James Brown and me / Yamma Brown with Robin Gaby Fisher

Author:
Brown, Yamma  Search this
Fisher, Robin Gaby  Search this
Subject:
Brown, James 1933-2006  Search this
Brown, Yamma  Search this
Physical description:
202 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2014
Topic:
Soul musicians  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1047080

Motown : la voix succes / par Herschel Johnson

Author:
Johnson, Herschel  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Gordy, Berry  Search this
Ross, Diana 1944-  Search this
Motown Record Corporation  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Michigan
Detroit
Date:
1974
Topic:
Soul music  Search this
Soul musicians  Search this
Sound studios  Search this
Call number:
AP2 .T67
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1051942

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