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They called us enemy / written by George Takei, Justin Eisinger, Steven Scott ; art by Harmony Becker

Author:
Takei, George 1937-  Search this
Eisinger, Justin  Search this
Scott, Steven (Comics author)  Search this
Artist:
Becker, Harmony  Search this
Letterer:
Lazcano, Gilberto  Search this
Subject:
Takei, George 1937-  Search this
Takei, George 1937- Childhood and youth  Search this
Physical description:
204 pages : chiefly illustrations, portraits ; 23 cm
Type:
Comic books, strips, etc
Biography
Cartoons and comics
Young adult fiction
Graphic novels
Historical comics
Autobiographical comics
Place:
United States
Japan
California
Date:
2019
1850-1950
20th century
1933-1945
Topic:
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945  Search this
Autobiographical comic books, strips, etc  Search this
Concentration camps  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
National characteristics, American  Search this
Prisoners of war  Search this
Ethnic relations  Search this
Minorities  Search this
Graphic novels  Search this
Actors  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Japanese Americans  Search this
Japanese--History  Search this
History  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1110603

Russian Ship

Artist:
Utagawa Yoshitora 歌川芳虎 (active ca. 1850-1880)  Search this
Medium:
Woodblock print; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (overall): 36.2 x 24.5 cm (14 1/4 x 9 5/8 in)
Type:
Print
Origin:
Japan
Date:
1862: 4th month
Period:
Edo period
Topic:
Edo period (1615 - 1868)  Search this
boat  Search this
Japan  Search this
oban  Search this
Japanese Art  Search this
Anne van Biema collection  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
The Anne van Biema Collection
Accession Number:
S2004.3.205
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2004.3.205

Public display of a captured war ship

Artist:
Tsuchiya Koitsu (1879 - 1949)  Search this
Publisher:
Inoue Kichijiro 井上吉次郎  Search this
Medium:
Woodblock print; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (image): 34.9 × 69.5 cm (13 3/4 × 27 3/8 in)
Type:
Print
Origin:
Japan
Date:
1894-1895
Period:
Meiji era
Topic:
Meiji era (1868 - 1912)  Search this
battle  Search this
boat  Search this
Japan  Search this
Japanese Art  Search this
Robert O. Muller collection  Search this
triptych  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Robert O. Muller Collection
Accession Number:
S2003.8.2778
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2003.8.2778

A Foreign Ship Arriving At Hakodate Port

Artist:
Kuniteru II  Search this
Medium:
Woodblock print; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (image): 35.5 × 69.8 cm (14 × 27 1/2 in)
Type:
Print
Origin:
Japan
Date:
1895
Period:
Meiji era
Topic:
Meiji era (1868 - 1912)  Search this
foreigner  Search this
boat  Search this
Japan  Search this
Japanese Art  Search this
Robert O. Muller collection  Search this
triptych  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Robert O. Muller Collection
Accession Number:
S2003.8.1425
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2003.8.1425

At the battle of the Yellow Sea, dying sailors aboard the warship Matsushima asks about the fate of the enemy ship

Artist:
Kobayashi Kiyochika 小林清親 (1847-1915)  Search this
Publisher:
Matsuki Heikichi 松木平吉  Search this
Medium:
Woodblock print; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (image): 35.9 × 69.6 cm (14 1/8 × 27 3/8 in)
Type:
Print
Origin:
Japan
Date:
1894
Period:
Meiji era
Topic:
Meiji era (1868 - 1912)  Search this
battle  Search this
boat  Search this
Japan  Search this
Japanese Art  Search this
Robert O. Muller collection  Search this
triptych  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Robert O. Muller Collection
Accession Number:
S2003.8.1351
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2003.8.1351

American Sailing Ship

Artist:
Utagawa Hiroshige II 歌川広重 二世 (1826 - 1869)  Search this
Tsujiokaya Kamekichi 辻岡屋亀吉  Search this
Medium:
Woodblock print; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (image): 36.5 × 24.4 cm (14 3/8 × 9 5/8 in)
Type:
Print
Origin:
Japan
Date:
mid 19th-late 19th century
Period:
Meiji era
Topic:
Meiji era (1868 - 1912)  Search this
foreigner  Search this
boat  Search this
Japan  Search this
Japanese Art  Search this
Robert O. Muller collection  Search this
triptych  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Robert O. Muller Collection
Accession Number:
S2003.8.140
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2003.8.140

Sea Battle Near Port Arthur, March 10, 1904, A Sailor from the Japanese vessel Sazanami Jumps Aboard a Russian Ship and Kicks the Enemy Captain into the Sea

Artist:
Migita Toshihide 右田年英 (1862 - 1925)  Search this
Medium:
Woodblock print; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (image): 36.2 x 71 cm (14 1/4 x 27 15/16 in)
Type:
Print
Origin:
Japan
Date:
1904
Period:
Meiji era
Topic:
Meiji era (1868 - 1912)  Search this
battle  Search this
ocean  Search this
boat  Search this
Japan  Search this
Japanese Art  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Gregory and Patricia Kruglak
Accession Number:
S1999.131a-c
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S1999.131a-c

Picture of a Great Ship from America

Artist:
Utagawa Yoshiiku 歌川芳幾 (1833-1904)  Search this
Medium:
Woodblock print; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (OVERALL DIM.): 37.2 x 72.7 cm (14 5/8 x 28 5/8 in)
Type:
Print
Origin:
Japan
Date:
1861
Period:
Edo period
Topic:
Edo period (1615 - 1868)  Search this
boat  Search this
Japan  Search this
ukiyo-e  Search this
Japanese Art  Search this
American  Search this
triptych  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Ambassador and Mrs. William Leonhart
Accession Number:
S1998.67a-c
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S1998.67a-c

Seven Gods of Fortune in a Treasure Ship

Artist:
Shibata Zeshin 柴田是真 (1807-1891)  Search this
Medium:
Woodblock print; ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 21.6 x 27.8 cm (8 1/2 x 10 15/16 in)
Type:
Print
Origin:
Japan
Date:
late 19th century
Period:
Meiji era
Topic:
Meiji era (1868 - 1912)  Search this
boat  Search this
sun  Search this
Seven Gods of Good Fortune  Search this
Hotei  Search this
Japan  Search this
Benten  Search this
Ebisu  Search this
Daikoku  Search this
Bishamon-ten  Search this
Fukurokuju  Search this
Jurojin  Search this
Japanese Art  Search this
William E. Harkins collection  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of William E. Harkins
Accession Number:
S1997.80
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S1997.80

Treasure ship

Artist:
Utagawa Toyohiro 歌川豊広 (1773-1828)  Search this
Medium:
Woodblock print; ink and color on paper
Type:
Print
Origin:
Japan
Date:
late 18th-early 19th century
Period:
Edo period
Topic:
Edo period (1615 - 1868)  Search this
Japan  Search this
ukiyo-e  Search this
Japanese Art  Search this
Charles H. W. Verbeck collection  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Charles H.W. Verbeck
Accession Number:
FSC-GR-779.117
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_FSC-GR-779.117

Surimono: Treasure ship entering Edo Bay

Artist:
Keisai Eisen 渓斎英泉 (1790-1848)  Search this
Medium:
Woodblock print; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 21.8 x 15.4 cm (8 9/16 x 6 1/16 in)
Type:
Print
Origin:
Japan
Date:
early 19th century
Period:
Edo period
Topic:
Edo period (1615 - 1868)  Search this
Late Edo period (1716 - 1868)  Search this
boat  Search this
Japan  Search this
surimono  Search this
Japanese Art  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of John Winter
Accession Number:
FSC-GR-723
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_FSC-GR-723

Japanese Dividers

Donor Name:
United States Exploring Expedition  Search this
Length - Object:
24.5 cm
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Object Type:
Divider
Place:
Japan, Asia
Accession Date:
1858
Collection Date:
1840
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
66A00050
USNM Number:
E3914-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8422166
Additional Online Media:

Woodblock Print, Portrait of Matthew Calbraith Perry

Donor Name:
Mrs. Lispenard S. Crocker  Search this
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Object Type:
Print
Place:
Japan, Asia
Accession Date:
30 Dec 1960
Collection Date:
1930
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
232559
USNM Number:
E398566-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8426731
Additional Online Media:

Japanese Pipe

Donor Name:
United States Exploring Expedition  Search this
Length - Object:
26 cm
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Object Type:
Pipe
Place:
Japan, Asia
Accession Date:
1858
Collection Date:
1840
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
66A00050
USNM Number:
E3927-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8422784
Additional Online Media:

Blue Chalk Or Crayon

Donor Name:
United States Exploring Expedition  Search this
Length - Object:
4.4 cm
Width - Object:
1 cm
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Object Type:
Crayon
Place:
Japan, Asia
Accession Date:
1858
Collection Date:
1840
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
66A00050
USNM Number:
E3931-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8422990
Additional Online Media:

Gaiters

Donor Name:
United States Exploring Expedition  Search this
Length - Object:
24 cm
Height - Object:
14 cm
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Object Type:
Gaiter
Place:
Japan, Asia
Accession Date:
1858
Collection Date:
1840
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
66A00050
USNM Number:
E5797-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8470022
Additional Online Media:

Cotton Apron

Donor Name:
United States Exploring Expedition  Search this
Height - Object:
87 cm
Width - Object:
97 cm
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Object Type:
Apron
Place:
Japan, Asia
Accession Date:
1858
Collection Date:
1840
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
66A00050
USNM Number:
E5796-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8470021

Bedding "Futons" Set of 3

Donor Name:
Romyn Hitchcock  Search this
Length - 1 Of 3:
152 cm
Width - 1 Of 3:
81 cm
Length - 2 And 3, Of 3:
147 cm
Width - 2 And 3, Of 3:
120.6 cm
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Object Type:
Bed
Place:
Osaka, Japan, Asia
Accession Date:
4 Feb 1889
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
021640
USNM Number:
E150577-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8340233
Additional Online Media:

Elizabeth Gordon Papers

Creator:
Gordon, Elizabeth, 1906-2000  Search this
Names:
Claiborne, Craig  Search this
Gordon, Elizabeth, 1906-2000  Search this
Leach, Bernard  Search this
Extent:
3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Periodicals
Photographs
Correspondence
Personal papers
Place:
Japan
Date:
1958-1987
Summary:
Papers, 1959-1987, of Elizabeth Gordon, editor of the periodical, House Beautiful from 1941-1964, mostly related to her research for the August and September 1960 issues of House Beautiful regarding the Japanese aesthetic concept of "shibui", and the subsequent travelling "shibui exhibition" from 1961-1964. Included are correspondence, some photocopies, 1959-1963; notes; drafts for articles and lectures; printed material including magazine and newspaper clippings, 1959-1987; 2 books, and exhibition announcements; drawings of paper and foil art; a photo album containing photos of exhibition installations; and photographs, slides, color transparencies, and lantern slides depicting people, sites, and objects reflecting the "shibui" aesthetic.
Scope and Contents:
The Elizabeth Gordon Papers measure 4.5 linear feet and span the years 1959-1987. The collection mainly documents Ms. Gordon's research for the August and September 1960 issues of House Beautiful regarding the Japanese aesthetic concept of "shibui", and the subsequent travelling "shibui exhibition" from 1961-1964. Included are correspondence, some photocopies, 1959-1963; research notes and materials; articles; lectures; printed material including magazine and newspaper clippings, 1959-1987; 2 books, and exhibition announcements; article materials; a photo album containing photos of exhibition installations; and photographs, slides, color transparencies, and lantern slides depicting people, sites, and objects reflecting the "shibui" aesthetic.
Arrangement note:
This collection is organized into eight series. 1. Biographical data, 2. Shibui research, 3. Shibui issues of, House Beautiful, 4. Correspondence, 5. Shibui promotion, 6. Exhibition files, 7. Printed materials, and 8. Photographs.
Biographical Information:
Born in Logansport, Indiana in 1906, Elizabeth Gordon served as editor of House Beautiful magazine 1941 to 1964. Ms. Gordon first became interested in Japanese aesthetics during the mid-1950s. As a result she began to read and study Japanese art, history and culture. In 1959, Gordon travelled to Japan with three staff people from, House Beautiful. In Kyoto she met Eiko Yuasa, a young woman then employed by the City of Kyoto to handle foreign V.I.P.s, who was assigned to assist Gordon during her stay there. It was Ms. Yuasa who, in the course of discussions of Japanese aesthetics, introduced the term "shibui." Around that term and its related concepts ("iki", "jimi", "hade") the theme for the issue began to crystallize. In August and September, 1960, House Beautiful, under the editorial control of Ms. Gordon, published two extremely popular issues devoted to the subject of "shibui". Due to the popularity of the issues, museum exhibits devoted to the concept of "shibui" travelled around the United States. Ms. Gordon died in Adamstown, Maryland in 2000.

Biographical Overview

1906 -- Born in Logansport, Indiana

1920s -- Attended the University of Chicago

1930s -- Moved to New York to work as a promotional copywriter for several newspapers

1930s -- Syndicated columnist on home maintenance for The New York Herald Tribune

1930s -- Editor at Good Housekeeping (here for 8 years)

1937 -- More House for your Money by Elizabeth Gordon and Dorothy Ducas published by W. Morrow and Company: New York.

1937 -- Married Carl Hafey Norcross

1939 -- Appointed editor of House Beautiful

1964 -- Left the magazine world

1972 -- Published a special issue on Scandinavian design and awarded the insignia of a knight, first class, in the Finnish Order of the Lion

1987 -- American Institute of Architects made her an honorary member

1988 -- Carl Hafey Norcross died

September 3, 2000 -- Died in Adamstown, MD

(The following biography of Elizabeth Gordon comes courtesy of curator Louise Cort. Written in consultation with Elizabeth Gordon, October 23, 1987)

The research papers, memoranda, magazines, books, photographs and color transparencies and other materials in this archives are related to the publication by Elizabeth Gordon (Mrs. Carl Norcross), editor of House Beautiful from 1941 to 1964 and creator of the August, 1960 issue of the magazine on the special theme of the Japanese aesthetic concept of "shibui". The "shibui issue" was followed by the September, 1960, issue of the same publication on the theme, "How to be shibui with American things." As a by-product of the issues, a "Shibui Exhibition" travelled to eleven museums in the United States during 1961-1964. Each exhibition was opened with a slide lecture by Elizabeth Gordon.

Miss Gordon first became curious about Japanese aesthetics in the mid-1950s when she began to see Japanese objects being displayed and used in the homes of Americans who had spent time in Japan during the Occupation and Japanese influence began to appear in wholesale showrooms of home furnishings manufacturers. It was clear that the time had come: she HAD to go to Japan!

She read for five years before going to Japan - history, social mores, art history. (Many of the books on Japan that she collected during this time have been presented to the library at the University of Maryland, College Park.)

An important bit of advice came from Alice Spaulding Bowen, owner of Pacifica, the highest quality shop of Asian antiquities in Honolulu, who told her, "Be sure to read, The Tale of Genji - then you'll understand everything."

She made her first trip to Japan in April, 1959, accompanied by three staff people from, House Beautiful. In Kyoto she met Eiko Yuasa, a young woman then employed by the City of Kyoto to handle foreign V.I.P.s, who was assigned to assist Miss Gordon during her stay there. It was Ms. Yuasa who, in the course of discussions of Japanese aesthetics, introduced the term "shibui." Around that term and its related concepts ("iki", "jimi", "hade") the theme for the issue began to crystallize.

Miss Gordon came home, planning to spend the summer researching "shibui" with the aid of the Japan Society. But she found virtually nothing written in English on the concept. So she returned to Japan in December, 1959 together with staff member Marion Gough, to dig deeper and to work out details and get better educated with Eiko Yuasa. One of their devices was to walk through department stores and discuss with sales personnel whether objects for sale were "shibui", or were "jimi" or "hade", and why. Between themselves, they did the same for the costumes of women they saw on the streets.

Lacking printed sources for information on "shibui", Miss Gordon sought out and interviewed experts, including Douglas Overton, head of the Japan Society in New York. In Japan in December, 1959, she met Yanagi Soetsu, founder of Japan's Folk Craft Movement and head of the Craft Museum in Tokyo (with an introduction from Tonomura Kichinosuke, head of the Craft Museum in Kurashiki). She met the chef Tsuji Kaichi, who was commissioned to write an article on "kaiseki" (that could not be used because of an inadequate English translation) and Frances Blakemore. She met several times with Bernard Leach and attended his lecture at Bonnier's while he was in New York in March, 1960. (He would later write a "fan letter" for the issue)

As the concept of "the shibui issue" began to take shape, a third trip in the spring of 1960 focused on photography - to produce the shooting script decided on the preceding December. This was executed by the noted photographer Ezra Stoller of Rye, New York, and John DeKoven Hill, House Beautiful's Editorial Director. (Mr. Hill worked with Frank Lloyd Wright except for the ten years that he was a member of the House Beautiful editorial staff)

Miss Gordon was back in Japan in Mid-August 1960 as the "shibui issue" was causing a sensation. Altogether she spent sixteen months in Japan.

As one of the experiences that influenced her strong interest in Japanese costumes and textiles, Miss Gordon remembers a spectacularly thorough exhibition at the Tokyo National Museum in Ueno on, 1200 Years of Japanese Costume. She saw it on the last day of its exhibition (possibly 1964).

The August 1960 issue sold out quickly. Copies of the magazine, which sold for fifty cents, were sold on the "black market" for ten dollars.

The publication of the August 1960 issue was followed by an unprecedented avalanche of "fan mail". Many department heads in colleges and universities, including the Harvard-Yenching Institute and the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (where Miss Gordon had worked as an undergraduate) wrote to comment on the issue. Many people in other fields of endeavor wrote: heads of firms concerned with interior design, landscape architecture, and related areas expressed their interest in the concept of "shibui" Other writers include Bernard Leach, Gertrude Natzler, Laura Gilpin, Mainbocher, the architect Yoshimura Junzo, the textile artist Marianne Strengell, Walter Kerr, Craig Claiborne, and Oliver Statler.

The "shibui issue" was followed immediately by the September issue dealing with the use of non-Japanese objects to express the concept of "shibui." (Miss Gordon convinced her advertisers, who had been skeptical about the potential success of the August issue, by promising the September issue dealing with American products.) Four American firms were involved in the production of an integrated line of paints, wallpaper, furniture and carpets expressive of the concept. Products were designed by the firms' designers following the clues offered by objects and fabrics purchased by Miss Gordon in Japan in December 1959 and spring 1960. Miss Gordon has expressed her dissatisfaction with the September issue, although public opinion was positive. She feels that some of the firms failed in the "shibui" project, though some "caught" the message: namely the paint company and the fabric/wallpaper company.

In response to strong public interest, the House Beautiful staff prepared a travelling exhibition to introduce the concept of "shibui" through a series of vignettes, mixing fabrics and objects, colors and textures. The museum installation was designed by John Hill of House Beautiful. Japan Air Lines underwrote shipping costs.

The exhibition began in Philadelphia in late 1961. Ezra Stoller was sent to photograph the installation in considerable detail at the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts in January, 1962, so that his photographs cold serve as guidelines for installations at the other museums, which included the San Francisco Museum of Art (April 1962), the Newark Pubic Library, and the Honolulu Academy of Art. Miss Gordon presented a lecture on "shibui" at each of the museum installations.

In appreciation of her work to introduce Americans to the concept of "shibui", the city of Kyoto presented a bolt of especially "shibui" kimono fabric executed by a Living National Treasure textile artist. Miss Gordon eventually tailored the fabric into a dress and jacket. She received the 1961 Trail Blazer Award from the New York Chapter of the National Home Fashions League, Inc. In June, 1987, Miss Gordon was named an honorary member of the American Institute of Architects, with her introduction of the concept of "shibui" and her promotion of an understanding of other culture cited as her major contributions to American architecture.
Provenance:
Elizabeth Gordon donated her papers to the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives in 1988.
Elizabeth Gordon donated her papers to the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives in 1988.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Rights:
No restrictions on use.
Topic:
Interior decoration -- Periodicals  Search this
Landscape gardening  Search this
Art, Japanese  Search this
Aesthetics, Japanese  Search this
House funishings  Search this
Interior decoration  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Interior decorators  Search this
Gardens -- Japan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Periodicals -- 1940-1970
Photographs
Correspondence
Personal papers -- 1950-2000
Citation:
The Elizabeth Gordon Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Elizabeth Gordon, 1988
Identifier:
FSA.A1988.03
See more items in:
Elizabeth Gordon Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a1988-03
Additional Online Media:

A.W. Bahr Papers

Creator:
Bahr, A. W.  Search this
Names:
Bahr, A. W.  Search this
Cammell, Charles Richard  Search this
Extent:
1.25 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letters
Manuscripts
Photographs
Place:
Connecticut
Japan -- Description and Travel
England
China -- Description and Travel
Japan
China
Date:
1919-1957
bulk 1947-1957
Summary:
Abel William Bahr was a coal merchant and general importer born in China who became an important collector of Chinese art. Several books and catalogues have been published about his collection. His papers include numerous drafts and notes about his memoirs as a collector, correspondence with other collectors and photographs of Chinese art objects, from jade to pottery to paintings.
Scope and Content Note:
This collection contains manuscript drafts and notes for Bahr's memoir, written by Bahr himself and C.R. Cammell, who was also the editor of The Connoisseur magazine. Other papers include correspondence with collectors of Chinese art or other figures in the art world, such as Lord Kitchener, the King and Queen of Sweden, Walter Muir Whitehill, Kenjiro Matsumoto and Senator Theodore Francis Green, among others. The bulk of the collection contains approximately 300 photographs of different Chinese art objects, from jade figurines to pottery to paintings. Most of these photographs are unidentified, but some of them include marginalia that indicate that they were of Bahr's own art objects for publication in books or articles. Photographs which are identified point to art objects also belonging to Bahr. The photographs have been organized based on the object type in the photograph, such as painting, statue or figurine.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 7 series:

Series 1 -- Memoirs, [1944-1956]

Series 2 -- Correspondence, 1919-1957 [bulk 1947-1957]

Series 3 -- Clippings, 1948, no date [bulk no date]

Series 4 -- Other Writings, no date

Series 5 -- Images, no date

Series 6 -- Catalog Images, 1935, no date

Series 7 -- Art Object Photographs, no date
Biographical Note:
1877 -- Born in Shanghai to German father and Chinese mother

Circa 1880s -- Educated at St. Xavier's School in Shanghai

Circa 1894 -- Work as a clerk at a wholesale and retail coal merchant's office, left solely in charge during the first Sino-Japanese war, encouraged by backers to start his own business

1898 -- Goes into business with shipping friend, started the Central Trading Company

1900 -- Marries Miss Helen Marion Southey (daughter of Mr. T.S. Southey, in Hong Kong. Working at firm of Hopkins Dunn and Company. Begins construction on his first house, Fairview, outside the settlement on North Honan Road Extension, first son born[?]

1901 -- Recipient of Victoria Medal for his role as a gunner during the Boxer Rebellion (had joined the Shanghai Volunteers)

1908 -- Shanghai Exhibition of Chinese Art, which he helped to organize and which he loaned many pieces from his own collection. Secretary of the Royal Asiatic Society. Publishes a catalogue of the exhibit in 1911, "Old Chinese Porcelains and Works of Art in China: Being Description and Illustrations of Articles selected from an Exhibition held in Shanghai, November 1908"

1909 -- Begins his association with Lord Kitchener; travels with him through China

1910 -- Leaves permanent residence in China, moves to London, England

1911 -- Catalogue of an Exhibition of Early Chinese Paintings from the Collection of A.W. Bahr, published by the Fine Art Society

1915 -- Applies to Foreign Office in London to go to America. (Involved in the art business; the war had stopped all such activities in London)

1927 -- Private printing of the catalogue, "Archaic Chinese Jades collected in China by A.W. Bahr, now in Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, described by Berthold Laufer"

1938 -- "Early Chinese Paintings from the A.W. Bahr Collection" by Osvald Siren, published by the Chiswick Press

1946 -- Leaves England, with his wife, daughter Edna, two sons and their wives and two granddaughters for Canada

1947 -- Metropolitan Museum of Art purchases Chinese paintings from Bahr, collection of archaic jades exhibited in the Royal Ontario Museum. The Met also publishes a portfolio of the painting, 'Ching Ming Shang Ho, Spring Festival on the River' which Bahr had donated to the museum

1948 -- The Met exhibits Bahr's Chinese paintings. Several Chinese art objects on loan to the Art Association of Montreal and exhibited in the new Far East gallery

1949 -- Tang figurine, paint cakes and Han pottery vase on display at the Royal Ontario Museum of Archaeology

1950 -- Donates Chinese ceramics to the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts

1951 -- Begins writing his memoir[?]

1952 -- Last visit to London

1954 -- Gets typed draft of memoir. Living in Ridgefield, CT, working with C.R. Cammell

1959 -- Dies
Related Material:
There are no known related materials at any other institution or historical society.
Provenance:
Gift of Penelope Bahr.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce and publish an item from the Archives is coordinated through the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery's Rights and Reproductions department. Please contact the Archives in order to initiate this process.
Topic:
Art, Japanese  Search this
Art, Chinese  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters
Manuscripts
Photographs
Citation:
A.W. Bahr Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Penelope Jane Bahr, November 12th, 2001.
Identifier:
FSA.A2001.14
See more items in:
A.W. Bahr Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a2001-14
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