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J. Horace McFarland company collection

Creator:
McFarland, J. Horace (John Horace), 1859-1948  Search this
American Rose Society  Search this
Names:
J. Horace McFarland Company  Search this
Mount Pleasant Press  Search this
Walsh, James  Search this
Extent:
30 Cubic feet (2718 photographs: black and white; 448 glass lantern slides; 41 glass negatives; color records; plant patents; publications. )
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Black-and-white photographs
Lantern slides
Photographs
Place:
Pennsylvania -- Harrisburg
Breeze Hill (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania)
Date:
1899-1974
Summary:
The J. Horace McFarland Collection includes over 3,100 photographic images of private and public gardens throughout the United States, as well as some from foreign countries, dating from 1899 to 1963. Many of these images, generated for Mount Pleasant Press (later the J. Horace McFarland Company), were used to illustrate trade catalogs published by the firm as well as journal and newspaper articles. The collection also contains color records that were used as reference aids during the printing process, plant patents, and various publications of the McFarland Company.
Scope and Contents note:
The J. Horace McFarland Collection includes over 2,700 black and white mounted photographs, 448 glass lantern slides, and 41 glass plate negatives of gardens throughout the United States dating from 1899 to 1963. A small number of images show gardens in Austria, Canada, England, Mexico, Scotland and Wales. Many of the images, which were generated and used by the J. Horace McFarland Company to illustrate trade catalogs and journal and newspaper articles, indicate the publication(s) in which they appeared. A series of portraits of rosarians, many of them featured in Modern Roses 6, rounds out the image collection. The McFarland Collection also includes color records, plants patents, and miscellaneous publications. Color records are plant 'portraits' that were painted by McFarland Company staff artists in watercolor. They were referenced by the printing department in order to render illustrations of plants in colors as close to the originals as possible. The plant patents are patents for plants issued by the United States Patent Office. They include the plant name, source, filing and patent dates, patent number, and growth characteristics. Most are accompanied by a colored image of the plant identified in the patent. The miscellaneous publications are various pamphlets and booklets published by the J. Horace McFarland Company.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 5 series:

1) Garden images (including mounted photographs, glass plate negatives, and glass lantern slides)

2) Portraits of Rosarians

3) Color Records

4) Plant Patents

5) Miscellaneous Publications
Biographical/Historical note:
Dr. J. Horace McFarland (1859-1948) was an influential civic leader, author, publisher, horticulturist, and authority on roses. His printing company, Mount Pleasant Press (later the J. Horace McFarland Company), was based in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. It published many of the seed and nursery trade catalogs in the United States during the first half of the twentieth century and was one of the first to apply color processes to commercial print applications. J. Horace McFarland Company staffers photographed thousands of different gardens and plant specimens throughout the United States. These images were used to illustrate numerous nursery and seed catalogs, journals and books. Among its many services, the firm sold various themed lectures illustrated by sets of hand-colored glass lantern slides.

McFarland wrote over 200 articles in popular journals as well as a dozen books on roses and gardening. He served as the first president of the American Civic Association from 1904-1924 and led several local and national campaigns to protect communities and scenic areas from urban blight and overdevelopment including the city of Harrisburg and Niagara Falls. McFarland, who served as the president of the American Rose Society (1930-1932) and helped establish a standardized rose identification and registration method, used the gardens on his own 2.5 acre property in Harrisburg, "Breeze Hill," to test hundreds of varieties of roses and plant cultivars. "Breeze Hill" was used as the backdrop for many photographs taken by McFarland's firm.
Separated Materials note:
The Smithsonian Institution's Botany and Horticulture Library includes seed and nursery trade catalogs, books, and published materials from the J. Horace McFarland Company.

The United States Department of Agriculture's National Agricultural Library in Beltsville, Maryland has various photographic images, nursery catalogs, publications and miscellaneous records from the J. Horace McFarland Company in its J. Horace McFarland Collection.

The Pennsylvania State Archives in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania includes the J. Horace McFarland Company Records (Manuscript Group 453) and the J. Horace McFarland Papers (Manuscript Group 85).

The Historical Society of Dauphin County in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania includes the J. Horace McFarland Collection (MG 229).
Provenance:
Donated in 1992 by James W. Walsh, who purchased the J. Horace McFarland Company from its founder's heirs. (The business was later renamed the Roebuck Printing Company.)
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
For information or study purposes only. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Horticulturists  Search this
Printers -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Gardening -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Seeds -- Catalogs  Search this
Seed industry and trade -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Seed industry and trade -- Catalogs  Search this
Rose breeders -- United States  Search this
Printers -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Lantern slides
Photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, J. Horace McFarland Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MCF
See more items in:
J. Horace McFarland company collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-mcf
Additional Online Media:

The garden seed inventory : an inventory of seed catalogs, listing all non-hybrid vegetable and garden seeds still available in the United States and Canada / edited by Kent Whealy

Author:
Whealy, Kent  Search this
Physical description:
448 p. : ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
United States
Canada
Date:
1985
C1985
Topic:
Vegetables--Seeds--Catalogs  Search this
Vegetables--Seeds  Search this
Seed industry and trade--Directories  Search this
Call number:
SB324.75.W47 1985X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_276017

W. Atlee Burpee & Company records

Creator:
Burpee, David, 1893-1980  Search this
Burpee, W. Atlee (Washington Atlee), 1858-1915  Search this
James Vick's Sons (Rochester, N.Y.).  Search this
W. Atlee Burpee & Co.  Search this
Wm. Henry Maule (Firm)  Search this
Extent:
201 Cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Account books
Advertising
Business records
Correspondence
Pamphlets
Trade catalogs
Date:
circa 1873-1986
bulk 1890-1930
Summary:
The W. Atlee Burpee & Company records, dated circa 1873-1986, document the firm's business activities developing plant varieties and marketing and selling seeds. They include accounting records, seed trial records, seed contracts, sales records, inventories, office correspondence, seed catalogs, promotional and instructional materials, advertisements and advertising reports, contest letters, daybooks, photographs, reference materials, and other items relating to the company and some of its competitors.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into six series:

Series 1: Plant/Farm Related Material

Series 2: Business Records

Series 3: Material Published About the Burpee Company

Series 4: Awards and Certificates

Series 5: Photographic and A/V Materials

Series 6: Burpee Family Papers
Biographical / Historical:
Washington Atlee Burpee (1858-1915) began a mail-order poultry and livestock business in 1876 in Philadelpia, which he soon expanded to include corn seed for chicken feed. In 1878, he founded W. Atlee Burpee & Co., the primary focus of which was to sell vegetable, fruit, and flower seeds through the mail. This company would go on to become one of the most notable seed distributors in the United States.

By 1888, Burpee's family home, Fordhook Farms, in Doylestown, Pennsylvania, was established as an experimental farm to test and evaluate new varieties of vegetables and flowers, and to produce seeds. Burpee spent many summers traveling throughout the United States and Europe, visiting farms and searching for the best flowers and vegetables; certain plants he found were shipped to Fordhook Farms for testing. Plants that survived were bred with healthier specimens to produce heartier hybrids that were more resistant to disease. Other Burpee trial gardens were established in Lompoc, California and near Swedesboro, New Jersey.

Burpee's son David took over the family business upon his father's death in 1915. At that time, the Burpee Company had 300 employees and was the largest mail order seed company in the world. It distributed over one million catalogs a year and received as many as 10,000 orders a day. In response to food shortages caused by World War I, the Burpee Company helped promote a "war gardens" campaign that evolved into a "victory gardens" campaign during World War II. Both were aimed at city dwellers and instructed them on how to grow vegetables for their own consumption to aid in the war effort.

Sometime in the 1930s, the Burpee Company entered into a business relationship with the James Vick's Company of Rochester, New York. In 1947, Burpee purchased the assets of and rights to the use of the name of the Wm. Henry Maule Co. In 1970, Burpee was sold to General Foods; the corporate headquarters moved from Philadelphia to Warminster, Pennsylvania in 1974. David Burpee remained a consultant for the company until his death in 1981. In 1991, the Burpee Company was acquired by George J. Ball, Inc.
Separated Materials:
Burpee seed catalogs donated to the Smithsonian in 1982 by the W. Atlee Burpee Company can be found in the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History Branch Library Trade Literature Collection.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Agriculture  Search this
Business  Search this
Contests  Search this
Flowers  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Horticulture  Search this
Mail-order business  Search this
Seed industry and trade  Search this
Trial gardens  Search this
Vegetables  Search this
Victory gardens  Search this
Genre/Form:
Account books -- 19th century
Account books -- 20th century
Advertising
Business records
Correspondence
Pamphlets
Trade catalogs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, W. Atlee Burpee & Company Records.
Identifier:
AAG.BUR
See more items in:
W. Atlee Burpee & Company records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-bur
Additional Online Media:

Scale, hanging

Maker:
John Chatillon & Sons  Search this
Medium:
Brass, iron
Dimensions:
10 1/2 × 1 3/4 × 3 in. (26.7 × 4.4 × 7.6 cm)
Type:
Seed industry
Origin:
New York, New York, United States
Date:
ca. 1887
Period:
Victorian (1837-1901)
Topic:
brass (alloy)  Search this
iron  Search this
scales (weighing devices)  Search this
agriculture  Search this
horticulture  Search this
seed  Search this
Seed industry and trade  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian Gardens, Horticultural Artifacts Collection. Gift of Frances Jones Poetker.
Accession number:
FJP.1987.247
Restrictions & Rights:
Access to original artifacts by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to Smithsonian Gardens: gardens@si.edu
See more items in:
Horticultural Artifacts Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hac_FJP.1987.247
Additional Online Media:

The profit of the earth : the global seeds of American agriculture / Courtney Fullilove

Author:
Fullilove, Courtney  Search this
Physical description:
280 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2017
19th century
Topic:
Seeds--History  Search this
Seeds--Harvesting--History  Search this
Plant introduction--History  Search this
Seed industry and trade--History  Search this
Wheat--Breeding--History  Search this
Plant diversity conservation--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1094634

Directory of commercial open-pollinated varieties in the United States 2015

Publisher:
Seed Savers Exchange  Search this
Physical description:
x, 378 pages ; 28 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Directories
Catalogs and collections
Place:
United States
Date:
2018
Topic:
Vegetables--Seeds--Open-pollinated varieties  Search this
Seed industry and trade  Search this
Seeds  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1090608

W. Atlee Burpee & Company Seed Contests, 1924-1925

Creator:
W. Atlee Burpee & Co  Search this
Physical description:
5 boxes
Type:
Advertising
Business records
Correspondence
Photographs
Place:
United States
Date:
1924
1924-1925
Topic:
Horticulture  Search this
Business  Search this
Mail-order business  Search this
Seed industry and trade  Search this
Flowers  Search this
Contests  Search this
Gardens  Search this
Vegetables  Search this
Local number:
AAG.BUR.ContestLetters
Restrictions & Rights:
Access to original documents by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens
See more items in:
W. Atlee Burpee & Company Records, circa 1873-1978, bulk 1890-1930
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_367582

Seed catalogs [electronic resource]

Author:
Woodhams, Marca L  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Libraries  Search this
Type:
Electronic resources
Catalogs
Date:
2001
Topic:
Seeds  Search this
Seed industry and trade  Search this
Seed supply--History  Search this
Flowers--Seeds  Search this
Vegetables--Seeds  Search this
Nurseries (Horticulture)--History  Search this
Horticulture--History  Search this
Call number:
SB115
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_707124

Garden seed inventory: an inventory of seed catalogs listing all non-hybrid vegetable seeds still available in the United States and Canada / compiled by Kent Whealy

Author:
Whealy, Kent  Search this
Physical description:
502 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
United States
Canada
Date:
1992
C1992
Topic:
Vegetables--Seeds--Catalogs  Search this
Vegetables--Seeds  Search this
Seed industry and trade--Directories  Search this
Call number:
SB224.75 .W47 1992
SB224.75.W47 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_434656

First the seed : the political economy of plant biotechnology, 1492-2000 / Jack Ralph Kloppenburg, Jr

Author:
Kloppenburg, Jack Ralph  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 349 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1988
Topic:
Seed industry and trade  Search this
Plant breeding  Search this
Plant biotechnology  Search this
Call number:
SB117.3.K57 1988X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_340276

Garden seed inventory : an inventory of seed catalogs listing all non-hybrid vegetable seeds still available in the United States and Canada / compiled by Kent Whealy

Author:
Whealy, Kent  Search this
Braaten-Lee, Arland  Search this
Physical description:
422 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
United States
Canada
Date:
1988
C1988
Topic:
Vegetables--Seeds--Catalogs  Search this
Vegetables--Seeds  Search this
Seed industry and trade--Directories  Search this
Call number:
SB324.75.W47 1988X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_375209

Andersen Horticultural Library's source list of plants and seeds : a completely revised listing of 1988-89 catalogues / compiled by Richard T. Isaacson and the staff of the Andersen Horticultural Library

Author:
Isaacson, Richard T  Search this
Andersen Horticultural Library  Search this
Subject:
Andersen Horticultural Library Catalogs  Search this
Physical description:
xxxvii, 214 p. ; 28 cm
Type:
Directories
Place:
United States
Date:
1989
C1989
Topic:
Seeds--Catalogs--Indexes  Search this
Horticultural crops--Seeds--Catalogs--Indexes  Search this
Nursery stock--Catalogs--Indexes  Search this
Seed industry and trade--Directories  Search this
Nurseries (Horticulture)  Search this
Call number:
SB115 .I73 1989
SB115.I73 1989
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_396541

Altered harvest : agriculture, genetics, and the fate of the world's food supply / by Jack Doyle

Author:
Doyle, Jack 1947-  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 502 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1985
Topic:
Food industry and trade--Government policy  Search this
Agricultural innovations--Government policy  Search this
Genetic engineering industry--Government policy  Search this
Biotechnology industries--Government policy  Search this
Pharmaceutical industry--Government policy  Search this
Seed industry and trade--Government policy  Search this
Agricultural chemicals industry--Government policy  Search this
Call number:
HD9006.D65 1985X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_274116

Report of nursery & seed catalog collections in the Upper Midwest by June Rogier ; including a Directory of nursery & seed catalogs in the Andersen Horticultural Library / by Evelyn Sand

Author:
Rogier, June  Search this
Sand, Evelyn  Search this
Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries (U.S.)  Search this
Andersen Horticultural Library  Search this
Physical description:
[100] p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Date:
1980
Topic:
Seed industry and trade  Search this
Call number:
SB115 .R73
SB115.R73
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_138411

America's romance with the English garden / Thomas J. Mickey

Author:
Mickey, Thomas J  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 271 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2013
C2013
Topic:
Gardens, English--History  Search this
Seed industry and trade--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1026323

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