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Thucholite

Taxon:
Thucholite - Primary Mineral  Search this
Place:
Henvey, Britt Railroad Station, (2 Mi Ne Of), Ontario, Canada, North America
Other Numbers:
IGSN : NHB003F8Y
USNM Number:
R876800
See more items in:
Mineral Sciences
Minerals
Data Source:
NMNH - Mineral Sciences Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhmineralsciences_1177420

Salix reticulata L.

Collector:
Otto Degener  Search this
Isa Degener  Search this
Place:
Near railroad station, Churchill, Hudson Bay., Canada, North America
Collection Date:
8 Aug 1959
Common name:
netleaf willow
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Salicales Salicaceae
Published Name:
Salix reticulata L.
Barcode:
03516357
USNM Number:
2336391
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_15014699

Salix athabascensis

Collector:
Otto Degener  Search this
Isa Degener  Search this
Place:
Near railroad station, Churchill, Hudson Bay. In muskeg., Canada, North America
Collection Date:
8 Aug 1959
Common name:
Athabasca willow
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Salicales Salicaceae
Published Name:
Salix athabascensis
Barcode:
03495818
USNM Number:
2336390
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14989682

Lepargyrea canadensis (L.) Greene

Biogeographical Region:
71 - Western Canada  Search this
Collector:
Otto Degener  Search this
Isa Degener  Search this
Place:
Near Railroad Station, Churchill, Hudson Bay, Canada., Manitoba, Canada, North America
Collection Date:
8 Aug 1959
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Proteales Elaeagnaceae
Published Name:
Lepargyrea canadensis (L.) Greene
Barcode:
03035174
USNM Number:
2336386
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14390318

Vaccinium uliginosum L.

Biogeographical Region:
71 - Western Canada  Search this
Collector:
Otto Degener  Search this
Isa Degener  Search this
Place:
Near railroad station, Churchill, Hudson Bay., Manitoba, Canada, North America
Collection Date:
8 Aug 1959
Common name:
bog blueberry
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Ericales Ericaceae
Published Name:
Vaccinium uliginosum L.
Barcode:
02990214
USNM Number:
2336392
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14295652

Rhynchospora capitellata (Michx.) Vahl

Biogeographical Region:
72 - Eastern Canada  Search this
Collector:
Merritt L. Fernald  Search this
Bayard Long  Search this
Place:
Yarmouth County, Border of Sphagnous bog near railroad station, Argyle Head, Nova Scotia, Canada, North America
Collection Date:
5 Sep 1921
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Cyperales Cyperaceae
Published Name:
Rhynchospora capitellata (Michx.) Vahl
Barcode:
02252563
USNM Number:
1328983
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_13509310

Carex stricta Lam.

Biogeographical Region:
72 - Eastern Canada  Search this
Collector:
Malte Oskar Malte  Search this
Place:
Near railroad station, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada, North America
Collection Date:
9 Jul 1929
Common name:
Erect Sedge
tussock grass
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Cyperales Cyperaceae
Published Name:
Carex stricta Lam.
Barcode:
02135708
USNM Number:
1874178
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_13618539

Carex maritima Gunnerus

Biogeographical Region:
71 - Western Canada  Search this
Collector:
Otto Degener  Search this
Isa Degener  Search this
Place:
Near railroad station, Churchill, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada, North America
Collection Date:
8 Aug 1959
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Cyperales Cyperaceae
Published Name:
Carex maritima Gunnerus
Barcode:
02124225
USNM Number:
2336388
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_13607458

Hedysarum boreale Nutt.

Biogeographical Region:
71 - Western Canada  Search this
Collector:
Otto Degener  Search this
Isa Degener  Search this
Place:
Near Railroad station, Churchill, Hudson Bay, in Muskeg [interpreted], Manitoba, Canada, North America
Collection Date:
8 Aug 1959
Common name:
Utah sweetvetch
boreal sweetvetch
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Rosales Fabaceae Faboideae
Published Name:
Hedysarum boreale Nutt.
Barcode:
02042506
USNM Number:
2336395
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_13391811

Hedysarum boreale Nutt.

Biogeographical Region:
71 - Western Canada  Search this
Collector:
Otto Degener  Search this
Isa Degener  Search this
Place:
Near Railroad station, Churchill, Hudson Bay, in Muskeg [interpreted], Manitoba, Canada, North America
Collection Date:
9 Aug 1959
Common name:
Utah sweetvetch
boreal sweetvetch
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Rosales Fabaceae Faboideae
Published Name:
Hedysarum boreale Nutt.
Barcode:
02042507
USNM Number:
2336400
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_13391812

Tripleurospermum perforatum (Mérat) Laínz

Biogeographical Region:
72 - Eastern Canada  Search this
Collector:
William G. Dore  Search this
H. A. Senn  Search this
E. Gorham  Search this
Place:
New Brunswick, Canada. Waste ground by railroad station. Caraquet, Gloucester County., New Brunswick, Canada, North America
Collection Date:
21 Jul 1945
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Asterales Asteraceae Asteroideae
Published Name:
Tripleurospermum perforatum (Mérat) Laínz
Barcode:
01823451
USNM Number:
2034256
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_12966105

Schizaea pusilla Pursh

Biogeographical Region:
72 - Eastern Canada  Search this
Collector:
Merritt L. Fernald  Search this
Bayard Long  Search this
Place:
Yarmouth County, Hollows in Sphagnous bog near railroad station, Argyle Head, Nova Scotia, Canada, North America
Collection Date:
5 Sep 1921
Taxonomy:
Plantae Pteridophyte Schizaeales Schizaeaceae
Published Name:
Schizaea pusilla Pursh
Barcode:
01425689
USNM Number:
1328956
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_12275423

Negative Log Book Number 18, (86-5143 to 88-15270)

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Archives Smithsonian Photographic Services  Search this
Physical description:
Ink on paper
Type:
Logs (records)
Collection descriptions
Date:
1986
1986-1988
Topic:
Photography--History  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 10-001 [SIA_10-001_NLB18]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_367115
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Negative Log Book Number 18, (86-5143 to 88-15270) digital asset number 1

Frederick Douglass' Paper

Published by:
Frederick Douglass, American, 1818 - 1895  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (open): 26 1/2 × 38 in. (67.3 × 96.5 cm)
H x W (closed): 26 1/2 × 19 1/8 in. (67.3 × 48.5 cm)
Type:
newspapers
Place printed:
Rochester, Monroe County, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
July 28, 1854
Topic:
African American  Search this
Antislavery  Search this
Education  Search this
Fugitive enslaved  Search this
International affairs  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Self-liberation  Search this
Social reform  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2014.63.10
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2014.63.10
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View <I>Frederick Douglass' Paper</I> digital asset number 1
Additional Online Media:

Sanicula canadensis L.

Biogeographical Region:
78 - Southeastern U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
Harry Ardell Allard  Search this
Place:
Broad Run near Railroad Station at Haymarket, Prince William, Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
27 Jul 1952
Common name:
black snakeroot
Canadian blacksnakeroot
Canada sanicle
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Apiales Apiaceae
Published Name:
Sanicula canadensis L.
Barcode:
00404449
USNM Number:
2098525
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
DC Flora
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2214302

Thomas Norrell Railroad Photographs Collection

Creator:
Norrell, Thomas, 1899-1985  Search this
Extent:
18 Cubic feet (84 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Photograph albums
Ephemera
Date:
circa 1840-circa 1960
bulk 1870-1940
Summary:
Approximately 11,000 images collected by Thomas Norrell consisting of original photographic prints and photographic postcards, original film and glass plate negatives, and duplicate/copy photographic prints and negatives. The majority are external views of single locomotive engines of North American railroad and industrial companies. Images of international railroad company locomotives and of representative locomotives from various locomotive works and builders are also included. The collection contains a small number of subject-specific images covering such topics as train wrecks, funeral trains, experimental locomotives, miniature trains, and locomotives at the 1933 and 1939 World's Fairs.
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains material related primarily, but not exclusively, to early North American railroad locomotives. Photographs and negatives comprise the bulk of the material in the collection, with the number of individual images well exceeding 10,000. While the collection is particularly valuable for its images of locomotives from smaller or relatively obscure railroad lines and industrial concerns (such as mining and lumber companies), it also includes a substantial number of images from the leaders of the railroad industry in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries (such as the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad).

Norrell's organization of the collection reflects his technical knowledge of railroad engines and his familiarity with various railroad companies. His use of Whyte notation as an organizational schema gives evidence to this. Whyte notation is broadly utilized by the railroad industry as a way to classify locomotives based on their wheel configuration. A count of leading (non-driving) wheels, middle driving wheels, and trailing wheels (non-driving) is represented by a three-digit hyphenated number. For example, a locomotive with four leading wheels, four driving wheels, and two trailing wheels would be classified as a 4-4-2. Norrell utilized this convention when subdividing railroad companies for which he had collected many images, such as the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Central Railroad of New Jersey, Delaware, Lackawanna, and Western Railroad, and the Lehigh Valley Railroad, among others. Norrell subdivided portions of his collection of Pennsylvania Railroad images based on that company's distinct classification system, where letters of the alphabet corresponded to different Whyte notations.

Norrell used other criteria to help subdivide larger assemblages of single-company railroad images, and these have been maintained. In some instances, he used the company number designation found on the locomotive itself (as in the case of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad). Other times, subject designations were used to distinguish rail yards, passenger cars, and special or prominent locomotives. Because the Pennsylvania Railroad comprised such a large segment of images, Norrell organized it according to a number of subdivision types (including year, Whyte notation, and subject) rather than any single one.

The collection is arranged into three series: Series 1, Negatives, 1831-1967, undated, Series 2, Photographic Prints, circa 1850-1960, and Series 3, Ephemera, undated.

Series 1, Negatives, 1831-1967, undated,contains photographic negatives and is divided into two subseries: Subseries 1, Film Negatives, 1831-1967, undated, and Subseries 2, Glass Plate Negatives, 1831-1967, undated.

The series contains original negative images, copy negatives of other printed images, and copy negatives of printed material, such as book illustrations. The inclusive dates for the series reflect the subject of the material photographed (as in the case of copy negatives) rather than the date the negative was created.

The negatives primarily depict views of single locomotive engines from various North American and international mainline and short line railroads. Interspersed among these are views of company-owned locomotives representing such North American industries as mining (coal, iron, limestone, copper, gold, quartz, zinc), lumber (timber, pulp, paper), metallurgical production (coke, iron, steel), stone/brick production (masonry, cement, gravel), utilities (power, light, telephone), chemical production, leather production, automotive production, and food service. A number of military railroad locomotives as well as early metropolitan transit systems are also represented among the negatives. Most of the images depict steam locomotives, though some diesel engines, diesel-electric hybrid engines, passenger and freight cars, and assorted repair/service vehicles are also spread throughout.

Subseries 1, Film Negatives, 1831-1967, undated consists of polyester film negatives ranging in size from 2 1/4" x 4 1/4" to 5" x 7". Additional larger polyester film negatives are interfiled with the glass plate negatives of Subseries 2 and range in size from 5" x 7" to 8" x 10".

The negatives are physically arranged by size, then by the negative series number originally assigned to them by the United States National Museum, Division of Transportation. This numbering system generally, but not always, follows an alphabetical order by name of railroad company (North American and international) or industrial company. The majority of the film negatives are 5" x 7" or smaller, and the number series for this size of negative begins with 85-20939 and ends with 85-31126.

Film negatives larger than 5" x 7" are separated and interfiled with the glass plate negatives of Subseries 2. As such, the negative series number range for these larger film negatives is not always consecutive. The first series number range begins at 82-4189 and ends at 82-4429. The second range begins at 82-13786 and ends at 82-13795. A printed, item-level index of the negatives containing an alphabetical list of railroad and industrial company names and associated negative numbers is available for consultation in the Archives Center.

The envelope enclosures for all negatives generally include the name of the railroad or industrial company, the engine/locomotive number, the engine/locomotive builder, the Whyte classification (wheel arrangement), the year of the engine/locomotive's construction, a brief description of the image, the size of the negative, and the negative series number.

Subseries 2, Glass Plate Negatives, 1831-1967, undated, consists of glass plate negatives ranging in size from 5" x 7" to 10" x 12". Three broken glass plate negatives have been re-housed and are stored separately. Otherwise the plates are arranged by size, then by original negative series number as assigned by the United States National Museum, Division of Transportation. This number range is not always consecutive because the glass plate negatives are interfiled with the larger film negatives of Subseries 1. A printed, item-level index of the negatives containing an alphabetical list of railroad and industrial company names and associated negative numbers is available for consultation in the Archives Center.

The 8" x 10" glass plate negative number series begins with 82-4168 and ends with 82-4424.

The 5" x 7" glass plate negatives contain series numbers 82-13783 to 82-13785.

The 12" x 10" glass plate negatives contain series numbers 82-4430 to 82-4452.

The envelope enclosures for the negatives generally include the name of the railroad or industrial company, the engine/locomotive builder, the Whyte classification (wheel arrangement), in some cases a brief description of the image, and the negative series number.

Series 2, Photographic Prints, circa 1850-1960,consists of visual material, including photographic postcards, illustrated postcards, photographic prints (made through a variety of photographic processes), and a photograph album. It contains five subseries: Subseries 1, North American Railroad Companies; Subseries 2, International Railroad Companies; Subseries 3, Railroad Builders; Subseries 4, Subjects; and Subseries 5, Duplicate Images.

Subseries 1, North American Railroad Companies, circa 1850-1960 includes photographic and illustrated postcards and photographic prints of North American railroad companies, industrial railroads, and urban transit companies. The images range in size from 2 1/4" x 4 1/4" to 8" x 10," with the majority being silver gelatin prints. Occasional albumen prints, cyanotype prints, and salted paper prints are found in the collection. The majority of the images are views of single locomotive engines, though some images of railroad stations, roundhouses, rail yards, and passenger cars are interspersed throughout. While the majority of the photographs are 4" x 6" or smaller, there are prints larger than 4" x 6" which are arranged alphabetically by railroad or industrial company name. In some cases multiple larger images from railroad companies with names close to each other alphabetically are filed together in a single folder and identified with the first common letters of the company names.

Norrell's original alphabetical organization by railroad or industrial company name has been preserved. In some instances where a substantial number of images for a particular railroad company exist, Norrell subidivided the images either by Whyte notation (wheel arrangement) or by subject. This usually follows either an alphabetical or numerical organization, but not in every case. In many instances, hand-written notes and postage appear on the reverse of the photographic postcards. Addresses and salutations indicate that many of the postcards were not sent to Thomas Norrell directly, but were acquired by him at a later date.

Subseries 2, International Railroad Companies, circa 1850-1960, includes photographs, illustrated postcards, and a photograph album depicting international railroads and railroad locomotives. Of particular interest is the photograph album compiled by Thomas Norrell containing sixty individual photographs of steam locomotive engines from eighteen assorted British, continental European, and South American railroad companies. The images are all approximately 14" x 10," and each corresponds to an identification chart mounted in the front of the album indicating the railroad company, engine number, Whyte notation (wheel arrangement), and special notes about each engine.

Subseries 3, Railroad Builders, circa 1850-1960 consists photographic prints and photographic postcards containing images of locomotives separated by builder. Norrell's original alphabetical arrangement of the images by locomotive works or manufacturing company name has been preserved.

Subseries 4, Subjects, 1804-1940, contains photographic prints and photographic postcards organized by subject. The images are arranged chronologically by date of the subject of the images. Of particular interest are Norrell's photographs of locomotives at the 1933-1934 Chicago and 1939-1940 New York World's Fairs.

Subseries 5, Duplicate Images, circa 1850-1960, contains duplicate photographic prints and duplicate copy prints created from the either the photographs in Series 2 or from the film and glass plate negatives from Series 1. The duplicate images, including photographic postcards and photographic prints, are subdivided by first letter of the name of the railroad or industrial company. The duplicate copy prints created from the negatives are arranged numerically by a negative number recorded on the negative itself.

Series 3, Ephemera, undated,consists of an unidentified and undated piece of railroad track.

References

Staufer, Alvin F. Pennsy Power III 1847-1968. Medina, OH: Alvin F. Staufer, 1993.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in three series.

Series 1: Negatives, 1831-1967, undated

Subseries 1: Film Negatives, 1831-1967, undated

Subseries 2: Glass Plate Negatives, 1831-1967, undated

Series 2: Photographic Prints, circa 1850-1960

Subseries 1: North American Railroad Companies, circa 1850-1960

Subseries 2: International Railroad Companies, circa 1850-1960

Subseries 3: Railroad Builders, circa 1850-1960

Subseries 4: Subjects, 1804-1940

Subseries 5: Duplicate Images, circa 1850-1960

Series 3: Ephemera, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Thomas Norrell was born in West Ham (Essex County) England on November 11, 1899. He emigrated to the United States as a young man and became a naturalized citizen in 1911. He took an apprenticeship at the Baldwin Locomotive Works around 1920. Although the Baldwin works benefited from a boom in the export of steam locomotives meant to replenish foreign rail systems impacted by use during the First World War, the upswing was short-lived. Business at Baldwin slowed considerably in the 1920s as diesel engines began replacing steam locomotives. Recognizing that opportunities for advancement within Baldwin were scarce, Norrell moved out of railroad work completely and into the paper box industry. He married his wife Wilhelmina in 1929, and they resided in Cranston, Rhode Island and later Silver Spring, Maryland.

Despite his shift away from railroads as a vocation, Norrell maintained a life-long interest in trains and was a collector of photographic and print material related to locomotive engines, train cars, and industrial railroads. He contributed a number of articles to various railroad periodicals and was generous in providing images from his collection to other authors for reproduction in their publications. Norrell also influenced and supported a number of prominent railroad historians, including John H. White Jr., curator of the Division of Transportation in the Smithsonian National Museum of History and Technology (now the National Museum of American History). It was through White's efforts that Norrell's collection became part of the Smithsonian Institution.

In 1942 Norrell gained some degree of notoriety for having rediscovered the famed Brady Civil War negatives in the vault of the Phelps Publishing Company in Springfield, Massachusetts while searching for an unrelated daguerreotype of an early Massachusetts locomotive. The locomotive had been identified from a wood-engraving made by an artist for a Phelps subsidiary publication, and Norrell secured permission to search the Phelps Company's vault for the image. During his search, Norrell stumbled upon and recognized the famed Civil War collection from earlier printed publications of the images. He brought the collection to the attention of the National Archives, which deferred to the Library of Congress. The storage fees for the images had been unpaid for many years by their owner, and the Phelps Company, interested only in recovering compensation for the use of the space, seized the images and sold them at cost to the Library of Congress in 1944.

Norrell later lived in Fredericksburg, Virginia, close to his daughter Elise Mann. He died there on February 1, 1985.

References

Bell, Kurt R. "On the Shoulders of a Giant: A Profile of John H. White, Jr.," Railroad History, 204 (Spring-Summer 2011): 6-23.

Hodge, Robert, comp. An Index to the Death Notices in the Free Lance-Star (Fredericksburg, Virginia), 1981-1991. Fredericksburg, VA: Robert A. Hodge (1992).

Norrell, Thomas. "The Norris Construction Record," Railroad and Locomotive Historical Society Bulletin, 150 (1983): 57-XX.

Norrell, Thomas. "Uriah Wells, Locomotive Builder of Petersburg," Railroad and Locomotive Historical Society Bulletin, 124 (1969): 40-XX.

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930: Population Schedule. Massachusetts Enumeration District 9-169, Supervisor's District 10, Sheet 4-1, 1930.

Vanderbilt, Paul, comp. Guide to the Special Collections of Prints and Photographs in the Library of Congress. Washington D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1955.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Baldwin Locomotive Works Collection (Engine Registers and Order Books), 1833-1956, (AC0157)

Baldwin Locomotive Works Drawings, 1870-1890, (AC0353)

John H. White, Jr. Railroad Reference Collection, 1880s-1990, (AC0523)

Materials Held by the National Museum of American History, Division of Work and Industry

Three images from the collection, including an 1848 daguerreotype image of the locomotive "Tioga", an 1855 daguerreotype image of a locomotive on the Niagara Falls, and a circa 1870 daguerreotype image of a Rome, Watertown, and Ogdensburgh locomotive.

Materials Held by Other Institutions

Thomas Norrell photographic album, and other views of rail transportation in Canada and the United States, circa 1920-1979, R5500-27-4-E, Andrew Audubon Merrilees fonds. Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the United States National Museum, Division of Transportation (now known as the National Museum of American History, Division of Work and Industry) by Thomas Norrell on April 19, 1966.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270. The collection is stored off-site with the exception of the negatives. Some glass plate negatives are broken and may require special handling care.
Rights:
Copyright status unknown, though most images are in the public domain.
Topic:
Railroad companies -- Europe  Search this
Railroad companies -- Africa  Search this
Railroad companies -- North America  Search this
Railroad companies -- South America  Search this
Railroad accidents  Search this
Mine railroads  Search this
Locomotive builders  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 19th-20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Photograph albums -- 20th century
Ephemera
Citation:
Thomas Norrell Railroad Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1174
See more items in:
Thomas Norrell Railroad Photographs Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1174
Additional Online Media:

Clayton M. Hall Collection of Railroad Photographs

Donor:
Hall, Clayton M.  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (3 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1936-1966, undated
Summary:
A collection of black and white photographic negatives depicting railroad scenes and locomotives in the United States and Canada, taken by Clayton M. Hall of Princeton, New Jersey.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of approximately 445 (3 inches by 4 inches) photographic negatives of railroad trains taken by Clayton M. Hall of Princeton, New Jersey. The majority of these images are of steam locomotives in service at rail stations and rail yards. The collection primarily documents eastern railroad lines, especially the Baltimore and Ohio, Boston and Maine, Central of New Jersey, and the Pennsylvania, but also includes views of railroads in New Mexico and Canada. A printed guide to the negatives exists in the Archives Center's reading room along with video disc #38105 of all of the photographs in this collection. This guide has detailed information on the prints in this collection. Some envelopes contain two negatives.

Series 1, Photographic Negatives, 1936-1966, undated, is arranged numerically by negative number and then alphabetically by the name of railroad. These numbers were assigned by the National Museum of American History in 1986. There are a few exceptions when the negative number does not correspond with the usual alphabetical placement of the railroad pictured. There are two dates on the negative sleeve. Under the heading "Year" is the date of the construction of the locomotive pictured. The date listed under "Photo Description" is the date the photograph was taken by Hall. The date recorded in the finding aid data is the one listed under "Photo Description"; if no date was recorded then it is listed as "undated".The locomotives depicted range in construction date from the early 19th century to the mid-20th century. There are sometimes two negatives in a sleeve depicting the same subject but with slight differences.

Series 2, Photographic Prints, 1986, contains the later prints (3 and one-half inches by 5 inches) made directly from Hall's negatives by the Division of Work and Industry in 1986. They are arranged numerically by the negative number.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Photographic Negatives, 1936-1966, undated

Series 2: Photographic Prints, 1986
Related Materials:
Charles B. Chaney Railroad Photographs, circa 1900-1940 (AC1167)

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, (AC0060, Series: Railroads)

Haskell and Barker Car Company Photographs, 1926-1949 (AC1183)

Thomas Norell Railroad Photographs Collection, circa 1840-1900 (AC1174)
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Clayton M. Hall of Princeton, New Jersey in 1972.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroad trains  Search this
Railroads -- 20th century  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Locomotives  Search this
Railroad stations  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- 20th century
Citation:
Clayton M. Hall Collection of Railroad Photographs, 1936-1966, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1168
See more items in:
Clayton M. Hall Collection of Railroad Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1168

Cummings Structural Concrete Company Records

Creator:
Cummings, Robert A., 1866-1962  Search this
Names:
American Society of Civil Engineers.  Search this
Extent:
20 Cubic feet (25 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Negatives
Research (document genres)
Photographs
Drawings
Glass negatives
Business records
Blueprints
Place:
Pittsburgh (Pa.)
Date:
1884-1952 and undated
Scope and Contents:
The Cummings Structural Concrete Company Records consists primarily of correspondence and business records documenting Robert A. Cummings' firm, consulting work, and participation in professional associations, especially the American Society of Civil Engineers, 1892-1893, circa 1900-1939; technical data and publications on soils testing, 1900-1939; and drawings, blueprints, and photographs and glass negatives of construction projects.

Series 1, Biographical, 1904-1936 and undated documents the professional life of Robert A. Cummings. There are three subseries within this series: Subseries 1, Cummings System of Reinforced Concrete, 1904-1930 and undated; Subseries 2, Professional Organizations, 1908-1936 and undated; and Subseries 3, Writings, 1908-1939 and undated. This series includes documents related to the Cummings System of Reinforced Concrete, including patents, photographs, and advertisements. The series also includes documents relating to professional organizations such as the Allegheny County Authority, the American Society of Civil Engineers, and the World Engineering Congress. Cummings was also a member of the Soils Committee for the American Society of Civil Engineers, and those documents are included in this series. Cummings wrote published and unpublished articles regarding concrete, soil, and construction methods. His writings are also included in this series.

Series 2, Operational Records, 1884-1952 and undated consists of six subseries: Subseries 1, Administrative, 1901-1948 and undated; Subseries 2, Correspondence, 1884-1952 and undated; Subseries 3, Contracts (for projects), 1902-1930 and undated; Subseries 4, Legal Materials, 1907-1916; Subseries 5, Financial, 1894-1921 and undated; and Subseries 6, Personnel, 1918-1921. This series contains the bulk of the information about Cummings' concrete business. Within this series are administrative materials that document the running of the business, including daily reports, bond and insurance papers, specifications, supply notes, field requisitions, and design notebooks. Also included is correspondence to and from Cummings. Recipients of the correspondence include company employees and corporations that did business with the company. A portion of the correspondence is divided topically into subjects such as soil sampling apparatus and barge claims.

The bulk of this series consists of contracts for projects on which Cummings worked. The majority of the projects consist of bridges, water tanks, commercial buildings, and retaining walls. Materials include correspondence, receipts from vendors, hand-written notes, accident reports, blueprints, sketches, and laboratory test reports on materials. The contracts are arranged by contract number as assigned by Cummings. The unnumbered contracts are listed alphabetically. The legal materials consist of documentation that relate to legal matters Cummings dealt with, including the lawsuits Robert Cummings vs. William J. Stewart, Alexander Melville vs. Robert Cummings, andLock Joint Pipe Company vs. Frederick Melber and Electric Welding Company. This series also contains financial and personnel records, including account books, bills, receipts, proposals, estimates, and business journals, as well as applications for employment, correspondence, and weekly progress reports.

Series 3, Subject Files, 1891-1949 and undated consists of correspondence, pamphlets, printed materials, and drawings. The topics within the subject files include soil testing and standards, roads, railroads, minerals, electricity, and concrete barges.

Series 4, Publications, 1887-1955, includes published material related concrete. The series is divided into two subseries: publications by title and publications by subject. Included are booklets, articles of incorporations, charters and by-laws, journals, and government publications. Some of the materials are in German or French.

Series 5, Photographs, 1902-1916 and undated includes 3" x 5", 8" x 10" and other various sizes of photographic prints. The series contains black and white and sepia toned prints. Some of the prints have been mounted onto cardboard or cloth, and some prints have tape on the corners. Some of the prints are annotated on the back. Most of the images are of construction sites in various stages of progress, the interiors of buildings being constructed, manufacturing equipment, and laborers working. Some of these images document early twentieth century methods of manufacturing, such as the use of rope pulleys.

Series 6, Photograph Negatives, undated includes about 75 photograph film negatives. The images in these negatives are primarily of construction scenes, including workers, equipment and work sites.

Series 7, Glass Plate Negatives, 1889-1918 and undated includes 8" x 10", 5" x 8", and 3" x 4" glass plate negatives containing images of bridges, slabs of concrete, construction scenes, the interiors and exteriors of hotels, and the interiors and exteriors of railroad stations.

Series 8, Lantern Slides, undated includes images of the work of the Cummings Structural Concrete Company on 4.5" x 5" glass slides. The images are of industrial machinery, construction sites, and workers.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into eight series.

Series 1: Biographical, 1904-1936 and undated

Subseries 1.1: Cummings System of Reinforced Concrete, 1904-1930 and undated

Subseries 1.2: Professional Organizations, 1908-1936 and undated

Subseries 1.3: Writings, 1908-1939 and undated

Series 2: Operational Records, 1884-1952 and undated

Subseries 2.1, Administrative, 1901-1948 and undated

Subseries 2.2: Correspondence, 1884-1952 and undated

Subseries 2.3: Project Contracts, 1902-1930 and undated

Subseries 2.4: Legal Materials, 1907-1916

Subseries 2.5: Financial, 1894-1921 and undated

Series 3: Subject Files, 1891-1970 and undated

Subseries 3.1: Alphabetical, 1891-1970

Subseries 3.2: Testing, 1904-1916

Series 4: Publications, 1887-1955

Subseries 4.1: By title, 1887-1953

Subseries 4.2: By subject, 1902-1940 and undated

Series 5: Photographs, 1902-1916 and undated

Series 6: Photograph Negatives, undated

Series 7: Glass Plate Negatives, 1889-1918 and undated

Series 8: Lantern Slides, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Robert Augustus Cummings (1866-1962) was a consulting civil engineer who worked primarily in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He was born in Norfolk, England and attended the Gresham School at Holt in Norfolk. He trained as a civil engineer with William J. Brewster in his offices, located in Westminster, London, England. During his early career, he worked as a surveyor and field examiner at the Ordinance Survey of Great Britain and Ireland before he relocated to Canada to conduct engineering work on the Grand Trunk Railroad. During the late 1880s and early 1890s, Cummings was employed as a general draftsman for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company in Philadelphia. He worked later as a designer of heavy dredging machinery for the Bucyrus (Ohio) Steam Shovel and Dredge Company and as an assistant engineer of the Norfolk and Western Railroad in Roanoke, Virginia. Cummings established a firm as a civil and consulting engineer in Philadelphia in 1893 before relocating to Pittsburgh in 1899. He founded the Cummings Structural Concrete Company and the Electric Welding Company in 1900, and in 1902 he founded the Lehigh Valley Testing Laboratory, all of which were located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In 1936, he partnered with his son in the consulting firm of Robert A. Cummings, Jr. and Associates.

During his career, Cummings worked on the design and construction of a variety of projects, including bridges, warehouses, filtration systems, private residences, machine shops, dry docks and piers, factories, dams, and locks. He additionally conducted railroad and land surveys, researched various types of cement, and designed rock, hydraulic, and elevator dredges. Cummings is best known for inventing the "Cummings System of Reinforced Concrete," in which iron or steel bars are embedded within a mixture of Portland cement, water, sand, and gravel or broken stone. As Cummings stated in a 1904 presentation to the Member Engineers' Society of Western Pennsylvania, reinforced concrete "makes an excellent paint for preserving iron or steel, adhering to the metal very firmly and protecting it thoroughly against corrosion. It can easily be made water tight, and its durability is beyond question. These properties of cement mortar can be utilized in re-enforced concrete. This material is well adapted for molding into a monolithic structure, which does not disintegrate when subjected to shocks such as are produced by railroad trains and vibrates much less for a given load than structural steel. Correctly designed re-enforced concrete structures are not liable to sudden failures, as is the case with ordinary concrete, but gives warning by the falling off of the surface concrete long before the point of failure is reached."

Cummings belonged to a number of professional organizations, including the American Society of Civil Engineers, the Engineering Societies Library Board, the American Railway Engineering Association, the American Society for Testing Materials, and the Institution of Civil Engineers of London, England. He married Mary Eloise Hood on December 14, 1892, and had two children, Robert Augustus Jr. and Eloise Hood. Robert A. Cummings died on October 21, 1962, in Pittsburgh.

References

Cummings, Robert A. Presentation to the Member Engineers' Society of Western Pennsylvania, Meeting of Structural Section. November 22, 1904.

Hool, George A. Concrete Engineers Handbook, Data for the Design and Construction of Plain and Reinforced Concrete Structures. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1918.
Provenance:
Unknown.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no gurantees concerning copyright restrictions. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Reinforced concrete  Search this
Engineering  Search this
Concrete construction  Search this
Civil engineering  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Research (document genres)
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Drawings
Glass negatives
Business records
Blueprints
Citation:
Cummings Structural Concrete Company Reocrds, 1884-1952 and undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0218
See more items in:
Cummings Structural Concrete Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0218
Additional Online Media:

[Trade catalogs from General Electric Co.]

Company Name:
General Electric Co.  Search this
Related companies:
Canadian General Electric Co., Ltd., Toronto, Canada; Carboloy Co., Detroit, MI; Cooper-Hewitt Electric Co., Hoboken, NJ; Fort Wayne Electric Works, Fort Wayne, IN; General Electric Co., Ltd., London, England; Ivanhoe-Regent Works, Cleveland, OH; Samson Tractor Co., Janesville, WI; Samson Sieve-Grip Tractor Co., Stockton, CA; Victor X-Ray Co., Chicago, IL. ; Hotpoint Electric Heating Co. (Ontario, CA) ; GE Fanuc Automation North America, Inc. ; M-O Valve Co., Ltd. (London, United Kingdom) ; General Electric Vapor Lamp Co. ; Cunningham Tubes ; Chemical Dept. (Pittsfield, MA) ; Metallurgy Div. ; Clock & Timer Dept. (Ashland, MA)  Search this
Notes content:
Oversize. Boxes, books, and envelopes organized as follows: air conditioning and refrigeration ; appliances ; automobiles and buses ; aviation ; boats and ships ; "GE Bulletin" ; cables, wires and wiring ; capacitors ; catalogs ; circuit breakers ; control ; "Electrical Developments"; electronics ; general-business ; general-science ; general product information ; generators ; furnaces ; heating ; indexed publications ; instruction books ; instruments ; lighting ; lightning protection ; metallurgy ; meters ; misc. equipment ; motors ; parts bulletins ; photographic equipment ; plastics and chemicals ; power equipment ; radio and television ; railroads ; station equipment ; switches ; switch gears ; technical papers ; transformers ; turbines ; welding ; x-ray ; "Fort Wayne Electric Works Bulletins". GE all purpose mixer appliance catalog is found in: TX715. R43 NMAH Culinary History collection. 1989 GE Capacitor handbook ; dry type transformer ; panel meters ; electronic controls ; form G motors ; fan-cooled motors ; AC / DC motors ; LEDs ; solid state relays ; glow lamps ; indicator and circuit components ; sub-miniature lamps ; solid state lamps ; silicone lubricants ; silicone greases ; silicone rubber ; " LEXAN " plastic ; "Optoelectronics Manual" ; employee benefits plan document ; "One Hundred Publications of the General Electric Company 1878-1978" ; "General Electric Goes to War" (WWII war production)...this comprises the uncataloged portion
Includes:
Trade catalog, price lists, manual, samples, photographs and histories
Black and white images
Color images
Types of samples:
Plastic.
Physical description:
9905 pieces; 275 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Schenectady, New York, United States
Date range:
1800s-1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Appliances (household)  Search this
Automobiles and automotive equipment (including trucks and buses)  Search this
Aviation (aircraft; balloons; etc.)  Search this
Boats and ships (including marine hardware and supplies)  Search this
Ceramics; pottery; glass; crystal; china; bricks; and stones  Search this
Chemicals and chemical products  Search this
Clocks and watches (including clock-making and watch-making equipment)  Search this
Computers and computer equipment  Search this
Electrical apparatus and equipment  Search this
Engines and motors: steam; oil; gas; etc.  Search this
Fairs and exhibitions  Search this
Furnaces and boilers  Search this
Garden and lawn equipment and supplies  Search this
Heating; ventilation and air conditioning  Search this
Industrial equipment or mechanical machinery (including supplies and components)  Search this
Laboratories and laboratory supplies and equipment  Search this
Lighting (electric; gas; candle; oil; etc.)  Search this
Machine tools and metalworking equipment  Search this
Medical and surgical instruments and supplies  Search this
Military equipment and supplies (including uniforms)  Search this
Mining machinery; equipment and supplies  Search this
Photographic equipment and supplies  Search this
Plastics and rubber  Search this
Pumping machinery and air compressors  Search this
Radios and radio equipment  Search this
Railroad; streetcar; subway and tramway equipment and supplies  Search this
Refinery equipment  Search this
Scientific and optical instruments  Search this
Sound recording and playback equipment (including phonographs; microphones; and phonograph records)  Search this
Television  Search this
Topic:
"Laboratories -- Furniture, equipment, etc."  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Air conditioning  Search this
Air-compressors  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Airships  Search this
Armed Forces -- Equipment  Search this
Audio equipment industry  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Balloons  Search this
Boats and boating  Search this
Boilers  Search this
Cameras  Search this
Candles  Search this
Ceramics  Search this
Chemicals  Search this
Clocks and watches  Search this
Computers  Search this
Electric apparatus and appliances  Search this
Engines  Search this
Fairs  Search this
Furnaces  Search this
Garden ornaments and furniture  Search this
Garden tools  Search this
Glass  Search this
Heating  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_11789
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_11789

Walkerville Railroad Station, Walkerville, Ontario, Canada

Collection Creator:
Kahn, Albert, 1869-1942  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 61
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Albert Kahn papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Albert Kahn papers, 1875-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Albert Kahn papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kahnalbp-ref215

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