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Ross Winans Letterbook

Collector:
Transportation, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Transportation, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Author:
Winans, Ross, 1796-1877 (railroad equipment supplier)  Search this
Extent:
0.15 cubic feet (1 volume)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Maryland
Date:
1850-1851.
Scope and Contents:
Letterbook contains copies of 417 business letters, arranged chronologically, relating to the manufacture and sale of railroad equipment including locomotive engines, tenders, and car wheels. These letters were replicated in a process similar to carbon copies in an almost perfectly uniform handwriting.
Biographical / Historical:
Winans was an inventor, mechanic, and builder of locomotives and railroad machinery, including wheels, axels, bearings trucks and carriages. In 1828 he developed a friction wheel with outside bearings which established a "distinctive pattern for railroad wheels for the next one hundred years or so. In the late 1820s also he became associated with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, eventually entering their service as an engineer. He retired from the locomotive business in 1860. When Winans died he left an estate worth over twenty million dollars.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Railroads  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letter books
Citation:
Ross Winans Letterbook, 1850-1851, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0155
See more items in:
Ross Winans Letterbook
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0155
Additional Online Media:

[Cover of Ross Winans' letterbook]

Author:
Winans, Ross railroad equipment supplier 1796-1877  Search this
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 11.5" x 9.2"
Type:
Letter books
Date:
1850
January 7, 1850 to March 28, 1851
Topic:
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Locomotives  Search this
Local number:
AC0155-0000001 (AC scan no.)
Restrictions & Rights:
Unrestricted research use on site, except that slides may be in cold storage and require warm-up period. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves
Copyright unknown
See more items in:
Ross Winans Letterbook 1850-1851
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_362326

[Sketches and specifications for chain used in rail tenders and hoppers: notebook]

Collector:
Millholland, James A. fl. 1860s-1900  Search this
Physical description:
Graphite on paper
1 item, 2.6" x 1.8"
Type:
Notebooks
Date:
1882
August 1882
1880-1970
Topic:
Chains  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Local number:
AC0163-0000001.tif (AC scan no.: one page from notebook?)
Restrictions & Rights:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment
Copyright unknown
See more items in:
James A. Millholland Collection 1866-1899
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_362334

[James Millholland: black-and-white photoprint, possibly albumen]

Collector:
Millholland, James A. fl. 1860s-1900  Search this
Subject:
Millholland, James A (Sr.) 1812-1875  Search this
Physical description:
Silver albumen on paper
1 item, 8.8" x 8.2"
Type:
Portraits
Photographs
Albumen prints
Date:
1870
1870-1880
Topic:
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Men  Search this
Local number:
AC0163-0000002.tif (AC scan no.)
Restrictions & Rights:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves
Probably public domain
See more items in:
James A. Millholland Collection 1866-1899
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_362368

[James Millholland: black-and-white carte-de-visite photoprint]

Collector:
Millholland, James A. fl. 1860s-1900  Search this
Subject:
Millholland, James A (Sr.) 1812-1875  Search this
Physical description:
Silver albumen on paper
1 item, 3.4" x 2.1"
Type:
Portraits
Photographs
Date:
1865
1860-1870
Topic:
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Men  Search this
Local number:
AC0163-0000003.tif (AC scan no.)
Restrictions & Rights:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves
Copyright unknown
See more items in:
James A. Millholland Collection 1866-1899
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_362369

[James Millholland: b & w photoprint]

Collector:
Millholland, James A. fl. 1860s-1900  Search this
Subject:
Millholland, James A (Sr.) 1812-1875  Search this
Physical description:
Silver albumen? on paper
1 item, 3.4" x 2.1"
Type:
Cartes-de-visite
Portraits
Photographs
Date:
1869
August 16, 1869
1860-1870
Topic:
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Men  Search this
Local number:
AC0163-0000004 (AC scan no.)
Restrictions & Rights:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves
Public domain, copyright expired
See more items in:
James A. Millholland Collection 1866-1899
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_362370

[Anthracite coal burning locomotive Kosciusko, built for Philadelphia & Reading Railroad: b & w photograph]

Collector, photographer:
Millholland, James A. fl. 1860s-1900  Search this
Subject:
Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Co  Search this
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper
1 item, 3.0" x 2.9"
Type:
Albumen prints
Photographs
Date:
1864
May 12, 1864
1860-1880
1860-1870
Topic:
Locomotives  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Local number:
AC0163-0000006 (AC scan no.)
Restrictions & Rights:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves
Copyright unknown
See more items in:
James A. Millholland Collection 1866-1899
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_362372

[Anthracite coal burning freight locomotive Dubuque, built for Philadelphia & Reading Railroad: b & w photooprint]

Collector, photographer:
Millholland, James A. fl. 1860s-1900  Search this
Subject:
Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Co  Search this
Physical description:
Silver albumen on paper
1 item, 3.8" x 3.4"
Type:
Albumen prints
Photographs
Date:
1865
May 3, 1865
1860-1880
1860-1870
Topic:
Locomotives  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Local number:
AC0163-0000007 (AC scan no.)
Restrictions & Rights:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves
Copyright expired, public domain
See more items in:
James A. Millholland Collection 1866-1899
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_362373

[The first successful anthracite coal burning locomotive: reproduction of technical drawing.]

Collector:
Millholland, James A. fl. 1860s-1900  Search this
Subject:
Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Co  Search this
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 11.1" x 6.2"
Type:
Drawings
Technical drawings
Date:
1888
March 1888
1860-1890
Topic:
Locomotives  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Local number:
AC0163-0000008.tif (AC scan no.)
Restrictions & Rights:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment
Copyright expired, public domain
See more items in:
James A. Millholland Collection 1866-1899
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_362374

[Philadelphia & Reading Railroad locomotive shop: b & w stereo photoprint]

Collector:
Millholland, James A. fl. 1860s-1900  Search this
Subject:
Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Co  Search this
Physical description:
Silver albumen on paper on flat cardboard mount
1 item, 3.3" x 6.9"
Type:
Albumen prints
Photographs
Stereographs
Date:
1860
1870
Circa 1865
1860-1880
1860-1870
Topic:
Locomotives  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Local number:
AC0163-0000009 (AC scan no.)
Restrictions & Rights:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves
Copyright expired, public domain
See more items in:
James A. Millholland Collection 1866-1899
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_362375

Pittsburg [sic] Locomotive Works: [document]

Creator:
Pittsburgh Locomotive and Car Works  Search this
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 4.2" x 7.3"
Type:
Documents
Date:
1874
1910
Undated
Topic:
Locomotives  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Local number:
AC0164-0000001 (AC scan no.)
Restrictions & Rights:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment
Copyright unknown
See more items in:
Pittsburgh Locomotive and Car Works Collection 1874-1910
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_362376

[Pullman Repair Record Book : ledger]

Creator:
Pullman Palace Car Co  Search this
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 11.4" x 8.5"
Type:
Ledgers (account books)
Date:
1900
1900 to 1907
Topic:
Railroad car builders  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Local number:
AC0181-0000004 (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions & Rights:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves
Reproduction restricted due to copyright
See more items in:
Pullman Palace Car Company Collection 1867-1982 (bulk 1900-1930)
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_362461

[Pullman Construction and Registration Book, Chicago Works : ledger]

Creator:
Pullman Palace Car Co  Search this
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, approx. 11.4" x 9.7"
Type:
Ledgers (account books)
Date:
1887
1887 to 1893
Topic:
Railroad car builders  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Local number:
AC0181-0000005 (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions & Rights:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves
Reproduction restricted due to copyright
See more items in:
Pullman Palace Car Company Collection 1867-1982 (bulk 1900-1930)
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_362464

Southern Iron & Equipment Company Records

Creator:
Southern Iron & Equipment Company  Search this
Bond, Edward  Search this
Names:
Southern Iron & Equipment Company  Search this
Extent:
2.5 cubic feet (7 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Georgia
Atlanta (Ga.)
Date:
1903-1960
Scope and Contents:
These records document the rebuilding of locomotives by the Southern Iron & Equipment Company during the period circa 1903-1960. They consist of one folder of "Memorandum of Locomotive Numbers" and a number of 4" x 6" cards recording sales of rebuilt locomotives. The "Memorandum," (forty-eight pages) lists the locomotives by number and shows the company from which it was purchased, type of locomotive, manufacturer, and to whom it was sold. The cards, alphabetically arranged by purchaser, record the type of locomotive, manufacturer, its number, and the purchase price. The cards contain the most complete information on the period circa1903-1924; after that, only the number of the locomotive was noted on the card.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

Series 1: Locomotive Sales Cards

Series 2: Photographs
Biographical / Historical:
The Southern Iron & Equipment Company, a family owned business located in Atlanta, Georgia, was a major reconditioner of locomotives in the period ca. 1900 1960. The company purchased locomotives, refurbished them, and then sold them. In addition, the company did repair and reconditioning work on behalf of various railroads.
Provenance:
The written and photographic records of the Southern Iron & Equipment Company were purchased from the company at the time of its dissolution by Mr. Witbeck, a collector of railroad photographs. The records were subsequently purchased from him by Mr. Edward Bond of Marietta, Georgia. Mr. Bond donated them to the National Museum of American History in December 1988.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Repairing  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Locomotives  Search this
Locomotive works -- Georgia  Search this
Railroads -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Locomotive industry  Search this
Railroads -- Rolling-stock  Search this
Genre/Form:
Card files
Citation:
Southern Iron & Equipment Company Records, 1903-1960, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0354
See more items in:
Southern Iron & Equipment Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0354
Additional Online Media:

[Group portrait. Left to right: Henry, Robert D., James, John, and Paul Millholland: b & w photograph, cabinet print]

Collector:
Millholland, James A. fl. 1860s-1900  Search this
Physical description:
Silver albumen on paper, mounted on card
1 item, 6.1" x 4.1"
Type:
Cabinet prints
Cabinet photographs
Photographs
Albumen prints
Portraits, Group
Place:
Pennsylvania
Reading (Pa.)
Date:
1884
December 28, 1884
19th century
1880-1990
1880-1890
Topic:
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Local number:
AC0163-0000005 (AC scan no.)
Restrictions & Rights:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves
Copyright expired, public domain
See more items in:
James A. Millholland Collection 1866-1899
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_362371

Baldwin Locomotive Works Drawings

Source:
Transportation, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Baldwin Locomotive Works.  Search this
Former owner:
Transportation, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Extent:
9 cubic feet (4 drawers)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Pennsylvania
Date:
1870-1890
Summary:
Collection consists of 202 assembly drawings of locomotives and tenders, prepared to check the clearances and major component parts of the locomotive and retained for engineering reference.
Scope and Contents note:
202 assembly drawings of locomotives and tenders, prepared to check the clearances and major component parts of the locomotive. When work was slow, draftsmen hand-colored the drawings. They were not used in the shop but were retained for engineering reference.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Baldwin Locomotive Works was the largest and most successful locomotive building firm in the world. It was begun as a machine shop owned and operated by Matthias W. Baldwin in 1831. Baldwin turned out its first locomotive engine from its shop in Philadelphia in 1832; within a few years the company was producing two a month and employed 240 men. By 1852, 500 engines had been produced; by 1861, 1,000; and by 1868, 2,000. At that point, the company employed between 1,600-1,700 men, and was one of the very largest machine works in the nation. In 1906 Baldwin began construction of a large auxiliary plant in Philadelphia suburb of Eddystone. In 1928 the Broad Street plant was closed and all work transferred to the Eddystone Plant.

Baldwin had been forced by hard financial times to take on a series of partners between 1839 and 1846, and the firm's name changed repeatedly as a result. It was known as Baldwin, Vail & Hufty (1839-1842); Baldwin & Whitney (1842-1845); M.W. Baldwin (1846-1853); and M.W. Baldwin & Co. (1854-1866). After Baldwin's death in 1866 the firm was known as M. Baird & Co. (1867-1873); Burnham, Parry, Williams & Co. (1873-1890); Burnham, Williams & Co. (1891-1909); it was finally incorporated as the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1909.

The company's phenomenal growth ended with in the mid-1920s as the U.S. railroad industry began its long decline. Despite various mergers and acquisitions--and an increased attention to the development of diesel engines--a slow but sure decline set in. Baldwin declared bankruptcy in 1935. World War Two brought a temporary respite, but after the war the steam locomotive was obsolete and orders rapidly diminished. The Westinghouse Corporation bought Baldwin in 1948 but was unable to turn the company around. In 1950 the Lima-Hamilton Corporation and Baldwin merged but in 1956 the last of some 70,500 locomotives were produced and the company's long history came to an end.

Sources

History of the Baldwin Locomotive Works, 1831-1902

A Short History of American Locomotive Builders in the Steam Era, John H. White, (1982).
Related Archival Materials:
Archives Center #157, the Baldwin Locomotive Works Collection, consists of Engine Registers and Order Books for locomotives, 1833-1956. In addition, a six-reel microfilm edition of collection #157 is located in the NMAH Library (mfm-720).

Photographs relating to Baldwin are in the Railroad and Firefighting History Photographic Collection, Division of Work and Industry.

The DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University has a collection of 8,500 original Baldwin engineering drawings and has published three guides to their records.
Provenance:
Collection donated by H.L. Broadbelt, July 1959-November 1960.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment.
Rights:
Copyrights probably expired.
Topic:
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Locomotives -- Drawings  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Railroads -- Rolling-stock  Search this
Railroads -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Baldwin locomotives  Search this
Locomotives  Search this
Locomotive works -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Locomotive industry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Technical drawings
Erection drawings
Citation:
Baldwin Locomotive Works Drawings, 1870-1890, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0353
See more items in:
Baldwin Locomotive Works Drawings
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0353
Additional Online Media:

Timken Roller Bearing Company Collection

Creator:
Timken Roller Bearing Company  Search this
Pauly, Frank G.  Search this
United States. Bureau of Mines  Search this
Extent:
0.15 cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Technical reports
Articles -- 20th century
Pamphlets
Professional papers
Place:
Canton (Ohio)
Ohio
Date:
1925-1957
Scope and Contents:
Primarily technical papers by Timken engineers, presented in journals and meetings of professional societies. The papers concern the use of Timken roller bearings and other products in locomotives and other rolling stock on U.S. railroads and rapid transit systems. Also articles from trade magazines and brochures advertising Timken products, and a 1925 U.S. Bureau of Mines study of friction in mine-car wheels.
The material in this collection primarily consists of technical papers written by Timken engineers which were presented in journals and meetings of professional societies. The papers all deal with the use of Timken roller bearings and other products in locomotives and other rolling stock on U.S. railroads and rapid transit systems. In addition to professional papers, there are also articles from trade magazines and brochures advertising Timken products. A 1925 U.S. Bureau of Mines study of friction in mine car wheels is also included.
Biographical / Historical:
The Timken Roller Bearing Co., of Canton, Ohio, produced its first tapered roller bearings in the 1890s. The bearings were first used in horse drawn vehicles and later in automobiles. As automobiles improved in design, power, and endurance, Timken made improvements in its bearings to compensate. The company soon realized that the only way to ensure quality in its product was through the production of its own special alloy steel. It organized the Timken Steel & Tube Company to supply both itself and other manufacturers with high grade steel. In the late 1920s, the company entered the railroad equipment supply market with special tapered bearings for use in locomotives. Timken continued to supply components for use in the railroad rolling stock, automotive, and other manufacturing industries. It set high standards for such products, both in engineering and materials quality.
The Timken Roller Bearing Co., Canton, Ohio, produced its first tapered roller bearings in the 1890s. The bearings were first used in horse-drawn vehicles and later in automobiles. As automobiles improved in design, power, and endurance, Timken made improvements in its bearings to compensate. The company soon realized that the only way to ensure quality in its product was through the production of its own special alloy steel. It organized the Timken Steel & Tube Company to supply itself and other manufacturers with high-grade steel. In the late 1920s, the company entered the railroad equipment supply market with special tapered bearings for locomotives.
Provenance:
This collection was donated to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, on September 25, 1990, by Frank G. Pauly. Mr. Pauly had been employed as a Sales Engineer in Timken's Railroad Division, working out of the Chicago Sales Office, which was closed in 1966.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Transportation  Search this
Railroads -- Rolling-stock  Search this
Locomotives  Search this
Roller bearings  Search this
Steel alloys  Search this
Railroads -- Cars -- Bearings  Search this
Bearings (Machinery)  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Railroads -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Mining equipment  Search this
Mine railroads  Search this
Locomotive industry  Search this
Friction  Search this
Genre/Form:
Technical reports
Articles -- 20th century
Pamphlets
Professional papers
Citation:
Timken Roller Bearing Company Collection, 1925-1927, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0380
See more items in:
Timken Roller Bearing Company Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0380
Additional Online Media:

[Trade catalogs on chilled railroad tread wheels ... ]

Author:
Association of Manufacturers of Chilled Car Wheels  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries American History Trade Literature Collection DSI  Search this
Physical description:
<2> v. : ill
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1919
[1919]-
Topic:
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Wheels  Search this
Call number:
053292
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_702672

[Trade catalogs on railroad crossing lights and signals, railroad car lighting ... ]

Author:
AGA Railway Light & Signal Co  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries American History Trade Literature Collection DSI  Search this
Physical description:
<4> v. : ill. (some col.)
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1917
1917-
Topic:
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Railroads--Signaling  Search this
Signals and signaling  Search this
Call number:
053873
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_718201

[Trade catalogs on railway equipment : couplers (freight, passenger, locomotive), drawheads, unlocking devices, brackets, buffer platforms, steel draft beams ... ]

Author:
Acme Railway Equipment Company  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries American History Trade Literature Collection DSI  Search this
Physical description:
<1> v. : ill
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1899
[1899?]-
Topic:
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Couplings  Search this
Call number:
053898
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_718210

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