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Processing the Prosthesis

Collection Creator:
Wirtz, Milton S., (dentist), Dr.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Milton S. Wirtz, D.D.S., Artificial Eye Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Milton S. Wirtz, D.D.S., Artificial Eye Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0501-ref17

Heart valve prosthesis (U.S. 4,276,658)

Collection Creator:
GV Medical, Inc.  Search this
Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.  Search this
CABG Medical, Inc.  Search this
ATS Medical, Inc.  Search this
St. Jude Medical, Inc.  Search this
Med General, Inc.  Search this
Kips Bay Medical, Inc.  Search this
Helix BioCore, Inc.  Search this
Villafana, Manny, 1940-  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1981 July 7
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Manny Villafaña Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Manny Villafaña Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1340-ref43

Milton S. Wirtz, D.D.S., Artificial Eye Collection

Creator:
Wirtz, Milton S., (dentist), Dr.  Search this
Names:
Dietz, Victor, Major  Search this
Erpf, Stanley F., Captain  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box, 1 oversized folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Phoenixville (Pa.)
Date:
1973-1988
1941-1947
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains materials relating to Milton S. Wirtz, D.D.S., and his involvement in the development of plastic eye prosthesis from 1941 to 1947. It includes news clippings about Dr. Wirtz and several articles regarding the process and the materials used in the manufacture of artificial eyes.

The bulk of the collection consists of graphic displays of the procedures used in the fitting and processing of the prosthesis. There is a series of photoprints of service men with artificial eye prothesis, including a serviceman wearing the first plastic eye made at Camp Crowder in 1943. There are also photoprints of patients before and after being fitted with the artificial eye, as well as photoprints showing other persons involved in the process. In addition, there is a syllabus for the course of instruction in the fitting and manufacturing of the eye developed at the Valley Forge General Hospital, as well as photoprints of the stainless steel dies with descriptive captions.

A booklet entitled An Eye For An Eye, from Fitzsimons General Hospital in Denver, Colorado, has photographic transparencies showing the fitting of an artificial eye, with the complete process only taking two to three days.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Major Milton S. Wirtz, head of the dental section at the U.S. Army base at Camp Crowder, Missouri, was one of the pioneers in plastic eye prosthesis. He became aware of the concerns of people with artificial eyes while working with a dental technician who was very displeased with the glass eye he was wearing. In addition, his interest in plastics and his work with them in dentistry fueled his desire to fabricate an artificial eye.

About the same time, two other army dentists became involved in making artificial eyes of plastic materials. Major Victor Dietz in Atlantic City and Captain Stanley F. Erpf in England. These three dentists were brought together by order of the Surgeon General at the Valley Forge General Hospital in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania, to pool their knowledge of plastics, science, and medicine and to found the "Artificial Eye Laboratory." In six months they had perfected the technique and developed an instruction program for training technicians. After only one month these technicians were known as opthalmoprosthetists.

Prior to the development of the plastic prosthesis, artificial eyes were made of glass by a manufacturer in Germany, using a closely guarded process. The acute need for artificial eyes at the start of World War Two became apparent when the supply from Germany was curtailed and the existing supply in the United States was rapidly depleted. In addition, glass eyes were unsatisfactory as they broke easily, exploded in acute temperature changes, were not custom fitted, and gave the appearance of staring since they did not move. All these problems were eliminated with plastic artificial eyes.

Major Wirtz received the Legion of Merit Medal from the Army and accolades and awards from the Iowa Dental Association for his wartime contribution. After the war he worked for a short time at Fitzsimmons General Hospital in Denver, Colorado. Though he became a millionaire on his royalties, he ultimately returned to Latimer, Iowa, to practice family dentistry.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Milton S. Wirtz, D.D.S., to the Medical Sciences Department of the National Museum of American History in August 1991. It was transferred to the Archives Center in October 1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Ophthalmology  Search this
Eyes, Artificial  Search this
Opthalmoprosthetists  Search this
Citation:
Milton S. Wirtz, D.D.S., Artificial Eye Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0501
See more items in:
Milton S. Wirtz, D.D.S., Artificial Eye Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0501

Van Phillips Oral History and Papers

Topic:
Innovative Lives Program (NMAH public program series)
Donor:
Ossur North America  Search this
Interviewer:
Ott, Katherine  Search this
Dennis, Maggie  Search this
Interviewee:
Phillips, Van  Search this
Creator:
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.  Search this
Djordjevic, Slobodon  Search this
Pouchak, Hilary D.  Search this
Names:
Flex-Foot, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
1.35 Cubic feet (3 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Videotapes
Design drawings
Oral history
Interviews
Date:
1991-2004
Summary:
Video oral history interview of Van Phillips, inventor of the Flex-Foot and other innovative prosthetic feet, conducted by Katherine Ott and Maggie Dennis, February 27, 2004, and design drawings and printed materials regarding prosthetic feet by Van Phillips, Hilary D. Pouchak, and Slobodon Djordjevic.
Scope and Contents:
Approximately two hours of a video oral history interview of Van Phillips, inventor of the Flex-Foot and other innovative prosthetic feet, conducted by Katherine Ott and Maggie Dennis, February 27, 2004. In Series 2 there are design drawings and printed materials regarding prosthetic feet by Van Phillips and Hilary D. Pouchak.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Video Oral History, 2004

Series 2: Design Drawings and Printed Materials, 1991-2002
Biographical / Historical:
In 1976, after a waterskiing accident, Van Phillips had his left leg amputated just above the ankle. At the time he was twenty-one years old and a student at Arizona State University studying mass communications and advertising. The accident and his frustration with the prosthetic technology at the time motivated Phillips to switch his studies to prosthetics. He graduated in 1981. Happy to design a prosthetic foot with strength, flexibility, and light weight materials, Phillips began the process of bringing his ideas into reality. During this time his idea of a C-shaped foot was born. Carbon fiber with its excellent strength and flexible properties was cut into a C-shaped foot, with a sole on the bottom and a prosthetic socket above. With this design, weight applied by landing on the heel was converted into energy thereby simulating the spring action of the normal foot and allowing users to run and jump. After trying out his new design, Phillips immediately decided to quit his job, develop his design, and start a new company. Flex-Foot Inc. was formed in 1984 and demand for Phillips innovative prosthetic foot has increased ever since. While the firm was sold in 2000 to Ossur, a company based in Iceland, in 2000, Phillips still owns the patent rights to his invention and continues to contribute his ideas and expertise to research and development projects.
Provenance:
The design drawings and product literature was donated by Ossur North America, on July 30, 2004. The videocassettes were donated by the Smithsonian Institution's Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation, National Museum of American History on July 30, 2004.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions
Topic:
Inventions  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Prosthesis  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videotapes -- 2000-2010
Design drawings
Oral history -- 2000-2010
Interviews -- 2000-2010
Citation:
Van Phillips Oral History and Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0859
See more items in:
Van Phillips Oral History and Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0859
Additional Online Media:

Before and After Views of Army Patients who received Prosthesis

Collection Creator:
Wirtz, Milton S., (dentist), Dr.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Milton S. Wirtz, D.D.S., Artificial Eye Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Milton S. Wirtz, D.D.S., Artificial Eye Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0501-ref20

Amputee Ambulation

Collection Creator:
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Division of Medical Sciences, NMAH  Search this
Container:
Reel RF8 222.30
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Produced for the Department of Physical Medicine by the Department of Photography and Cinema, Ohio State University ; director, Hubert L. Smith ; cinematographers, John L. Friend, Hubert L. Smith. 1970. 1 reel (ca. 10 min.) : sd., b&w ; 16mm. positive. Copyright: MCMLXX. All rights reserved, The Ohio State University. Credits: Production associate, Andreas Rabe with the staff of Dodd Hall ; sound, William R. Buccalo, William B. Finan ; technical advisor and narrator, Ernest W. Johnson, MD. Partially supported by Rehabilitation Services Administration, Social and Rehabilitation Service, U. S. Dept. of Health, Education and Welfare. Summary: The film shows a blind, diabetic woman, whose legs have been amputated, learning to use her prosthesis. She progresses from parallel bars to walker in two days. In six days she is able to go to church, in one month climb stairs, and within several months is independent in her own home. This film shows hospital procedures, fitting of prothesis, and therapy.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0222-ref17

Experimental Use of a Hew Stapling Instrumen for Anastomosis of 1/8 — 1/2 Inch Diameter

Collection Creator:
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Division of Medical Sciences, NMAH  Search this
Container:
Item RF4 222.22
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1952
Scope and Contents:
Aided by Grant N-64 from the Albert Einstein Medical Center. 1 reel (ca. 10 min.) : sd., col. ; 16mm. positive. Credits: Julian A. Sterling, MD., Sc.D., Senior Attending Surgeon, Albert Einstein Medical Center; Assistant Professor of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia. Apparatus made by Ernest G. Schwasse. Summary: In November 1952 small blood vessels were anastomosed by the usual suture techniques in the first successful homo-transplantation of thyroid and parathryroid glands. In order to anastomose such small blood vessels more effeciently an apparatus has now been constructed to insert tiny staples to unite the blood vessels. This motion picture concerns the laboratory development of an apparatus for the anastomosis of vessels smaller than one centimeter in diameter. This machine has also been used in the anastomosis of the new or synthetic vascular prosthesis to each other and to smaller blood vessels. The instrument is stainless steel, easily autoclaved, and comfortable to hold. The film shows each of the components of the instrument and how it works. Print donated by Julian Sterling, M.D., in 1968. Titled in "Anastomosis of small blood vessels" in correspondence (see Control File).
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0222-ref33

Rethinking modern prostheses in Anglo-American commodity cultures, 1820-1939 / edited by Claire L. Jones

Editor:
Jones, Claire (Museum director)  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 197 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Great Britain
United States
Date:
2017
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Prosthesis--History  Search this
Prosthesis industry--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1108442

The matter of disability : materiality, biopolitics, crip affect / David T. Mitchell, Susan Antebi, and Sharon L. Snyder, editors

Editor:
Mitchell, David T. 1962- http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n97050172 http://viaf.org/viaf/17458275  Search this
Antebi, Susan http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2008059906 http://viaf.org/viaf/68406453  Search this
Snyder, Sharon L. 1963- http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n97050173 http://viaf.org/viaf/119054603  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 284 pages ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2019
Topic:
People with disabilities in mass media  Search this
People with disabilities  Search this
Disabilities--Social aspects  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1108357

hand, artificial; prosthesis

Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
leather (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 2 3/8 in x 3 1/4 in x 11 1/2 in; 6.0325 cm x 8.255 cm x 29.21 cm
Object Name:
hand, artificial
prosthesis
Date made:
ca 1800s
ID Number:
MG.306967.02
Catalog number:
306967.02
Accession number:
306967
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1460173

tool, prosthesis

Measurements:
overall: 1 1/4 in x 2 3/16 in x 28 9/16 in; 3.175 cm x 5.55625 cm x 72.54875 cm
Object Name:
tool, prosthesis
ID Number:
1978.1026.092
Accession number:
1978.1026
Catalog number:
1978.1026.092
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine, Prostheses
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1408872

tool, prosthesis

Measurements:
overall: 1 5/16 in x 1 1/2 in x 27 3/4 in; 3.33375 cm x 3.81 cm x 70.485 cm
Object Name:
tool, prosthesis
ID Number:
1978.1026.093
Accession number:
1978.1026
Catalog number:
1978.1026.093
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine, Prostheses
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1408873

Opening of Rehabilitation Discovery Corner at National Museum of History and Technology

Creator:
Hofmeister, Richard K  Search this
Subject:
Buckley, Joseph  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Office of Public Affairs  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 8 x 10;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1977
October 26, 1977
Topic:
Prosthesis  Search this
Artificial limbs  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000371 [77-13898-18A]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_397978

Prosthetic foot with custom graphic socket

Maker:
Ossur North America  Search this
Physical Description:
fiberglass; ink; aluminum; rubber (overall material)
carbon fiber (overall material)
plastic (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 54 cm x 11.1 cm x 23.9 cm; 21 1/4 in x 4 3/8 in x 9 7/16 in
overall, as stored: 4 7/8 in x 9 1/2 in x 21 3/8 in; 12.3825 cm x 24.13 cm x 54.2925 cm
Object Name:
foot, prosthetic
Flex-Foot
foot, artificial
prosthesis
Place made:
United States: California, Aliso Viejo
Date made:
ca 2003
Subject:
Disabilities  Search this
Prosthesis  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift from Ossur North America
ID Number:
2003.0315.11
Accession number:
2003.0315
Catalog number:
2003.0315.11
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
Disabilities
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1246882

eye, artificial; prosthesis

Physical Description:
acrylic (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 2.2 cm x 2.9 cm x 2.5 cm; 7/8 in x 1 1/8 in x in
overall: 3/4 in x 1 in x 1 in; 1.905 cm x 2.54 cm x 2.54 cm
Object Name:
Artificial Eyes
eye, artificial
prosthesis
ID Number:
2001.0056.05.02
Catalog number:
2001.0056.05.02
Accession number:
2001.0056
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1460126

eye, artificial, component, back piece; prosthesis

Physical Description:
acyrlic (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: .08 cm x 2.5 cm x 2.4 cm; 1/16 in x in x 15/16 in
overall: 3/8 in x 3/4 in x 3/4 in; .9525 cm x 1.905 cm x 1.905 cm
Object Name:
Artificial Eyes, Components
Back Pieces
eye, artificial, component, back piece
prosthesis
ID Number:
2001.0056.09.02
Catalog number:
2001.0056.09.02
Accession number:
2001.0056
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1460131

Crutch Eye

Measurements:
overall: 1.5 cm x 2.8 cm x 2.1 cm; 9/16 in x 1 1/8 in x 13/16 in
overall: 1/2 in x 1 in x 7/8 in; 1.27 cm x 2.54 cm x 2.2225 cm
Object Name:
Artificial Eyes
eye, artificial, crutch
prosthesis
Date made:
c. 1950-1970
ID Number:
2001.0056.10.02
Catalog number:
2001.0056.10.02
Accession number:
2001.0056
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1460132

eye, artificial; prosthesis

Measurements:
overall: 1 cm x 2.2 cm x 2.1 cm; 3/8 in x 7/8 in x 13/16 in
overall: 5/8 in x 1 in x 3/4 in; 1.5875 cm x 2.54 cm x 1.905 cm
Object Name:
Artificial Eyes
eye, artificial
prosthesis
ID Number:
2001.0056.12.02
Catalog number:
2001.0056.12.02
Accession number:
2001.0056
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1460133

eye, artificial, unfinished; prosthesis

Measurements:
overall: 1.5 cm x 3.4 cm x 2.8 cm; 9/16 in x 1 5/16 in x 1 1/8 in
overall: 3/4 in x 1 1/4 in x 1 in; 1.905 cm x 3.175 cm x 2.54 cm
Object Name:
Artificial Eyes, Unfinished
eye, artificial, unfinished
prosthesis
ID Number:
2001.0056.13.02
Catalog number:
2001.0056.13.02
Accession number:
2001.0056
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1460135

eye, artificial; prosthesis

Measurements:
overall: 1 cm x 3.2 cm x 2.5 cm; 3/8 in x 1 1/4 in x in
overall: 1/2 in x 7/8 in x 3/4 in; 1.27 cm x 2.2225 cm x 1.905 cm
Object Name:
Artificial Eyes
eye, artificial
prosthesis
ID Number:
2001.0056.15.02
Catalog number:
2001.0056.15.02
Accession number:
2001.0056
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1460137

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