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American Pianists Association

Collection Creator:
Short, Bobby  Search this
Container:
Box 21
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1996
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow. Researchers must use photocopies of scrapbooks due to the fragility of the originals, unless special access is approved.

Technical Access: Listening to sound recordings requires special appointment; please inquire.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Short Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Bobby Short Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0946-ref694

3 Jazz Pianists January 5

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Division of Performing Arts  Search this
Container:
Box 23 of 35
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T90055, Smithsonian Institution. Division of Performing Arts, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat90055-refidd1e12032

Blues and Boogie-Woogie Pianists

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 30, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1930s -1940s
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref918

Ferris, George T. The Great Violinists and Pianists.

Collection Creator:
Duffy, Harry A.  Search this
Duffy, Duane A.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1881.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Harry A. Duffy Papers, 1881-2005, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Harry A. Duffy Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1162-ref539

Tom Whaley Collection

Composer:
Whaley, Thomas L.  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Cubic feet (4 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Articles
Music
Programs
Photographs
Correspondence
Business records
Date:
1941-1979
Scope and Contents:
Papers documenting Whaley's association with Duke Ellington and his career as a copyist, pianist, composer and arranger. The collection includes letters, photographs, music manuscripts, business records, writings, and printed materials including magazine and newspapers articles, concert programs, and catalogs.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into eight series.

Series 1: Music Materials, 1942-1968

Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1948-1972

Series 3: Business records, 1951-1968

Series 4: Scripts, ca. 1944-1970

Series 5: Correspondence, ca. 1956-1967

Series 6: Photographs, undated

Series 7: Publications, ca. 1944-1972

Series 8: Miscellaneous Material, 1960-1969.
Biographical / Historical:
Composer, pianist and arranger, best remembered as Duke Ellington's chief copyist from 1941-1971.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Mercer Ellington on XXXX.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Musicians -- 20th century  Search this
Composers -- 20th century  Search this
Pianists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles -- 1940-1980
Music -- Manuscripts
Programs -- Concerts
Photographs -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 1950-2000
Business records -- 1950-2000
Citation:
Tom Whaley Collection, ca. 1941-1979, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0652
See more items in:
Tom Whaley Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0652
Additional Online Media:

Horace Silver Collection

Donor:
Silver, Horace, 1928-  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Publicity photographs
Photographs
Magazines (periodicals)
Date:
1981-1998.
Scope and Contents:
Printed materials, consisting mostly of obscure, alternative jazz magazines containing articles about Silver; and two publicity photographs of Silver.
Arrangement:
Divided into two series, Photographs and Printed materials.
Biographical / Historical:
Jazz pianist.
Provenance:
Donated by Horace Silver.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Musicians -- 20th century  Search this
Music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Pianists  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publicity photographs
Photographs -- 20th century
Magazines (periodicals) -- 20th century
Citation:
Horace Silver Collection, 1981-1998, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0737
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0737

Chop, Max (pianist)

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 19
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Autographs, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Autographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-autographs-ref63

H-4765, Five Pianist

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 71
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1940s
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref6522

David Bean - Pianist, December 13

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Division of Performing Arts  Search this
Container:
Box 25 of 35
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T90055, Smithsonian Institution. Division of Performing Arts, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat90055-refidd1e13328

Billy Strayhorn Ephemera Collection

Collector:
Gregory, Thelma  Search this
Morris, Gregory  Search this
Names:
Copasetic Club  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Extent:
3 Items (3 folders)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Clippings
Date:
1965-1969
Summary:
Collection consists of two newsclippings, and an advertising yearbook documenting Strayhorn's career as Duke Ellington's chief arranger, co-composer, lyricist, and emergency fill-in at the piano.
Scope and Contents:
The Billy Strayhorn Ephemera Collection consists of two newsclippings, and an advertising yearbook documenting Strayhorn's career as Duke Ellington's chief arranger, co-composer, lyricist, and emergency fill-in at the piano. The newsclippings document the collaborative relationship that existed between Ellington and Strayhorn. The advertising yearbook was published as a tribute to Strayhorn after his death. It includes numerous commentaries to Billy Strayhorn by some of the period's leading jazz musicians.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Billy Strayhorn, composer and pianist, was born in Dayton, Ohio on November 19, 1915. He joined the Duke Ellington Orchestra in 1939 after a brief period working as the pianist for the Mercer Ellington Orchestra. For nearly three decades Strayhorn served as associate arranger and second pianist for Duke Ellington. Billy Strayhorn remained with the Ellington Orchestra until his death on May 31, 1967.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Gregory & Thelma Morris, May 17, 1991.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1960-1970
Clippings
Citation:
Billy Strayhorn Ephemera Collection, 1965-1969, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0383
See more items in:
Billy Strayhorn Ephemera Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0383

Productions

Creator:
Smithsonian Productions  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Videotapes
Date:
2000-2001
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of audiovisual materials created during the production of "People and Pianos: 300 Years," "Piano 300," and "Piano Grand!." All three productions celebrated the 300th anniversary of the piano. The documentary, "People and Pianos: 300 Years," was filmed in various locations across Europe, the United States and in Japan, and featured experts and craftsmen who traced the evolution of the piano, beginning with its inception in Italy to the digital and electronic technologies of tomorrow. Performances demonstrated how the introduction of the piano influenced the development of music from classical to ragtime to jazz. The broadcast aired on PBS in December 2001. "Piano 300" was a video production that accompanied the 2000 exhibition "Piano 300: Celebrating Three Centuries of People and Pianos." "Piano Grand!" was a 90 minute television performance that complemented the "Piano 300" exhibition. It was hosted by Billy Joel and featured Dave Brubeck, Jerry Lee Lewis, and other renowned pianists. It was co-produced by Maryland Public Television. Materials in this accession include original material, narration, pickups, protection masters, and various versions of the productions.
Restrictions:
Special restrictions on use of these materials may apply. Viewing copies are not currently available, but can be made for a fee, Transferring office; 4/10/2002 memorandum, Peters to SIA; Contact reference staff for details.
Topic:
People and Pianos: 300 Years (Television program : 2001)  Search this
Piano 300 (Video recording : 2000)  Search this
Piano Grand! (Television program : 2000)  Search this
Documentary films  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Pianists  Search this
Piano -- History  Search this
Piano music  Search this
Piano  Search this
Television programs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes
Videotapes
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 06-215, Smithsonian Productions, Productions
Identifier:
Accession 06-215
See more items in:
Productions
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa06-215

Productions

Topic:
People and Pianos: 300 Years (Television program : 2001)
Piano Grand! (Television program : 2000)
Creator::
Smithsonian Productions  Search this
Extent:
0.58 cu. ft. (1 tall document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Electronic records
Videotapes
Documentary films
Date:
2000-2002, 2009
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of audiovisual materials created during the production of "People and Pianos: 300 Years" and "Piano Grand!," both of which celebrated the 300th anniversary of the piano.

The documentary "People and Pianos: 300 Years" was filmed in various locations across Europe, the United States and in Japan, and featured experts and craftsmen who traced the evolution of the piano, beginning with its inception in Italy to the digital and electronic technologies of tomorrow. Performances demonstrated how the introduction of the piano influenced the development of music from classical to ragtime to jazz. The broadcast aired on PBS in December 2001.

"Piano Grand!" was a 90 minute television performance that complemented the 2000 exhibition "Piano 300: Celebrating Three Centuries of People and Pianos." It was hosted by Billy Joel and featured Dave Brubeck, Jerry Lee Lewis, and other renowned pianists. It was co-produced by Maryland Public Television.

Materials in this accession include masters, clones, graphics, and various versions of the productions on videotape.
Restrictions:
Restrictions pertaining to the use of these materials may apply (based on contracts/copyright). Access restrictions may also apply if viewing copies are not currently available. Viewing copies can be made for a fee. Contact reference staff for details.
Topic:
Piano  Search this
Documentary films  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Piano -- History  Search this
Piano music  Search this
Television programs  Search this
Pianists  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Electronic records
Videotapes
Documentary films
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 17-256, Smithsonian Productions, Productions
Identifier:
Accession 17-256
See more items in:
Productions
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa17-256

Pianist, The Fantasy, F-9462

Collection Creator:
Grant, Felix, 1918-1993  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Date:
1974
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Felix Grant Collection, 1935-1985, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Felix Grant Collection, [sound recordings]
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0410-ref608

Slides of Performances- Jazz Pianists, Sound & Light Show, Performing Arts TV Show, Old Ways in the New Land 1967-1976

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Division of Performing Arts  Search this
Container:
Box 23 of 25
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Box 25 is RESTRICTED [Sensitive information must be redacted before access will be given to researchers.]; Contact reference staff for details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 84-012, Smithsonian Institution. Division of Performing Arts, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa84-012-refidd1e12349

Abandoned Autobiography of Pianist George Copeland

Collection Creator:
Hollister, Paul M., 1918-2004  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1950s-1970s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Rights:
Authorization to publish, quote or reproduce from Paul Hollister's unpublished writings requires written permission from Joanne F. Oscadal, Estate of Irene Hollister.
Collection Citation:
Paul Hollister papers, circa 1883-2004, bulk 1947-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Paul Hollister papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-hollpaul-ref306

WNCN Talk "Josef Hoffmann, The Complete Pianist"

Collection Creator:
Hollister, Paul M., 1918-2004  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Folder 21
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1960s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Rights:
Authorization to publish, quote or reproduce from Paul Hollister's unpublished writings requires written permission from Joanne F. Oscadal, Estate of Irene Hollister.
Collection Citation:
Paul Hollister papers, circa 1883-2004, bulk 1947-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Paul Hollister papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-hollpaul-ref339

Ramsey Lewis Collection

Creator:
Lewis, Ramsey  Search this
Ramsey Lewis Trio  Search this
Names:
Bennett, Tony, 1926-  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Lewis, Jerry, 1926-  Search this
Poitier, Sidney  Search this
Robinson, Jackie  Search this
Taylor, Billy  Search this
Wilson, Nancy, 1937-  Search this
Wonder, Stevie  Search this
Extent:
3.45 Cubic feet (9 boxes i)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Menus
Programs
Clippings
Correspondence
Compact discs
Diplomas
Awards
Medals
Date:
1950 - 2007
Summary:
The collection includes press clippings, awards, honorary degrees, and personal and professional photographs of Ramsey Lewis Jr., renowned jazz pianist. The majority of the collection is press clippings relating to Lewis's social appearances, performances, and CD releases from the early 1990s-2007.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the life and career of Ramsey Lewis Jr., famous jazz pianist, and later, host of a popular syndicated radio talk show. Though the majority of the collection consists of press clippings relating to Lewis's social appearances, performances, and CD releases from the early 1990s to the present, it also includes photographs from his early life and career, as well as selected correspondence tied heavily to events mentioned in the press clippings and a very small amount of personal materials. The collection contains programs and menus from social and fundraising galas, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, photographs, slides, awards, honorary degrees and diplomas, and a medal. Those interested in Ramsey Lewis, as well as the social scene of Chicago in the 1990s, will find this collection useful.

Series 1, Press Clippings and Career Ephemera, 1950-2007; undated, includes event programs, fliers, mailings, newspaper and magazine articles, and other publicity materials relating to events or jobs (such as his radio show or the PBS television series Legends of Jazz). There is a small amount of sheet music for the theme song to the Legends of Jazz, PBS miniseries. A very small amount of correspondence closely tied to a specific event or media article is also included among these materials. Personal materials include a birthday card from Lewis's sister and a church program about his father, Ramsey Lewis Sr. The materials are arranged in chronological order. Materials from the 1980s are an addendum to the collection and are located in box eight.

Series 2, Awards, Honors, and Honorary Degrees, 1993-2000, presented to Ramsey Lewis from the early 1990s to the present are found among these materials. The materials are arranged first by type and then in alphabetical order.

Series 3, Photographic Materials, 1945-2007; undated, includes photographs, slides, and reproductions of photographic prints of Lewis's life and career, mostly from the early 1990s to the present, with some from his childhood and earlier life. There are a number of images of Lewis with actors and musicians including Sidney Poitier, Jerry Lewis, Stevie Wonder, Nat King Cole, Nancy Wilson and Billy Taylor. Photographs of Lewis's performances, social events, award and fundraising galas are also included among the materials. The materials are arranged in chronological order to the extent possible; many are undated.

Subseries 4, Scrapbooks, 1972-1982; undated, consists of two albums including news clippings, advertisements, announcements, programs, articles and reviews, and other ephemera related to Lewis's performances and career. The scrapbooks are arranged in chronological order.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1, Press Clippings and Career Ephemera, 1950-2007; undated

Series 2, Awards and Honorary Degrees, 1993-2007

Subseries 1, Awards, 1996-2007

Subseries 2, Honorary Degrees, 1993-2000

Series 3, Photographic Materials, 1945-2007; undated

Subseries 1, Personal Photographs, 1945-1971; undated

Subseries 2, Professional Photographs, 1959, 1966-1967, 1975, 2005-2007; undated

Subseries 4, Scrapbooks, 1972-1982; undated
Biographical / Historical:
Ramsey Emmanuel Lewis Jr., an American jazz composer and pianist, was born in Chicago, Illinois to Ramsey Lewis Sr. and Pauline Lewis on May 27, 1935. His musical training began at the age of four with piano lessons. Lewis has achieved much success as a musician, as well as, a radio and television talk show host. In addition, he has organized and served for a number of educational programs in an effort to promote jazz. He has received recognition and numerous awards for his work.
Ramsey Emmanuel Lewis Jr., an American jazz composer and pianist, was born in Chicago, Illinois to Ramsey Lewis Sr. and Pauline Lewis on May 27, 1935. His musical training began at the age of four with piano lessons. Lewis has achieved much success as a musician, as well as, a radio and television talk show host. In addition, he has served for and organized a number of educational programs promoting jazz.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

John Levy Papers, circa 1940s-2001

W. Royal Stokes Collection, of Music Publicity Photoprints, Interviews and Posters, 1970-2000
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Ramsey Lewis Jr. in March 2008.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
African American entertainers -- 20th century  Search this
Musicians -- 20th century  Search this
Music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Pianists  Search this
Popular music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 2000-2010
Menus
Programs
Photographs -- 1950-2000
Clippings -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Compact discs
Diplomas
Awards
Medals
Citation:
Ramsey Lewis Collection, 1950-2007, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1126
See more items in:
Ramsey Lewis Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1126
Additional Online Media:

Interview with Cordelia Bennett, pianist and vocalist

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 sound recording (compact audio cassette)
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Date:
1982 March 13
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives; please submit this form. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1982 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1982, Item FP-1982-CT-0019
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1982 Festival of American Folklife
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1982-ref2874

Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken

Creator:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Names:
Aitken, Webster, 1904-  Search this
Kirstein, Fidelma  Search this
Kirstein, Lincoln, 1907-  Search this
Extent:
0.02 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1945-1979
Summary:
The letters of Paul Cadmus to Webster Aitken measure 0.02 linear feet and date from 1945-1979. Found within the collection are letters, notes, and postcards from Cadmus to Aitken regarding music, composers, musicians, mutual friends, Cadmus's sister and brother-in-law Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln Kirstein, travels, and Cadmus's work, art processes, and personal reflections on life events.
Scope and Contents:
The letters of Paul Cadmus to Webster Aitken measure 0.02 linear feet and date from 1945-1979. Found within the collection are 49 letters, notes, and postcards from Cadmus to Aitken regarding classical music, composers, musicians, mutual friends, Cadmus's sister and brother-in-law Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln Kirstein, travels, and Cadmus's work, art processes, and personal reflections on life events.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 1 series:

Series 1: Paul Cadmus Letters to Webster Aitken, 1945-1979 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)
Biographical / Historical:
Painter Paul Cadmus (1904-1999) lived and worked in New York, N.Y. and Weston, Connecticut and was known for realist works of New York public life and the social lives of men. Cadmus was born in New York City to lithographer and watercolorist Egbert Cadmus and his wife, Maria Latasa, a fellow artist and book illustrator. With the support of his family, Cadmus entered the National Academy of Design at the age of 15 where he excelled in life drawing and printmaking classes. After graduating from the Academy in 1926, he continued his studies at the Art Students League where he met fellow artists Jared French and George Tooker. Throughout the 1920s, Cadmus found work as a commercial illustrator and layout artist for various agencies, including the New York Herald-Tribune.

In 1933, after two years of travel through France and Spain with Jared French, Cadmus returned to New York and was one of the first artists to be accepted into the federal Public Works of Art Project. Throughout the 1930s, his depictions of sailors and New Yorkers in public life were seen as controversial, beginning with the 1934 ejection of his painting The Fleet's In! from the Corcoran Gallery and continuing into 1940 with objections to the showing of Sailors and Floozies at the San Francisco Golden Gate International Exposition. Cadmus met his partner Jon Anderson in 1964 and featured him as a model for many of his subsequent works. Cadmus was a member of the National Academy of Design and the American Academy of Arts and Letters and died in his home in 1999.

Pianist and educator Webster Aitken (1908-1981) lived and worked in Santa Fe, New Mexico. A student of Emil Sauer and Artur Schnabel, Aitken studied at the Curtis Institute and had his recital debut in Vienna in 1929 and his American debut in New York's Town Hall in 1935. He is known for his 1938 London and New York performances of Schubert's sonatas, and a series of programs on the late works of Beethoven performed at American universities. Aitken taught at the Carnegie Institute, the University of Illinois, and the University of Texas. He died in his home in 1981.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are the Paul Cadmus letters to Edgar Munhall and an oral history interview with Paul Cadmus conducted by Judd Tully, March 22, 1988. The University of Texas at Austin holds the Webster Aitken Collection, 1899-1985.
Provenance:
The letters were donated in 1981 by Cadmus' long-time friend and Aitken's wife, Lilian Gilbert Aitken.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Pianists  Search this
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Art -- Technique  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Citation:
Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken, 1945-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.cadmpaul
See more items in:
Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cadmpaul
Additional Online Media:

Bobby Tucker Papers

Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Extent:
36 Cubic feet (88 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Orchestrations
Programs
Sheet music
Clippings
Photographs
Date:
1883-2007, undated
Summary:
The collection documents the life and musical career of Robert "Bobby" Tucker. The collection particularly emphasizes Tucker's close collaboration with Billy Eckstine over a forty-year period from approximately 1949-1990, and includes original orchestrations of arrangements by Tucker and other arrangers, a complete set of commercial recordings by Eckstine for which Tucker served as arranger, and ephemeral material including photographs, concert programs and news clippings.
Scope and Contents:
The collection primarily documents the close collaboration between Tucker and Billy Eckstine over a forty-year period, circa 1949-1990. It articulates the growth and development of a working jazz master—Eckstine—and the diversity of the musical repertoire he performed as he cultivated new audiences throughout his career. The collection includes original orchestrations of arrangements by Tucker and other well regarded arrangers such as Billy Beyers, Quincy Jones, Bob Enevoldsen, Marty Paich, Sammy Nestico, and Artie Butler. All of these materials found their way into Eckstine's recording and concert repertoire, which is evidenced by the approximately twenty cubic feet of sheet music arrangements that form the bulk of the collection. They illustrate the pivotal role Tucker played as the arranger, who interpreted and adapted original compositions to suit Eckstine's vocal style and capabilities, resulting in one of the longest-running successful collaborations in modern American musical history.

In addition, the sheet music contains Tucker's arrangements for Quincy Jones's music score for the 1978 film The Wiz.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into three series.

Series 1: Professional Materials, 1883-1992, undated

Subseries 1.1: Music Scores, undated

Subseries 1.2: Published Sheet Music, 1883-1992

Series 2: Other Materials, 1940-2007, undated

Series 3: Audiovisual Materials, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Robert Nathaniel "Bobby" Tucker Jr. was born in Morristown, New Jersey, January 8, 1923 and died there on April 12, 2007. He was an accomplished pianist, arranger, and accompanist. He began performing at the age of fourteen and later studied in New York at the Institute of Musical Art. In 1946, he became accompanist to jazz vocalist Mildred Bailey and later that year, to renowned jazz vocalist Billie Holiday, with whom he remained until 1949 and with whom he had a strong and enduring, platonic friendship. Tucker continued to make recordings with Holiday into the 1950s.

Beginning in 1949, Tucker embarked on a lifetime collaboration as accompanist and musical director for the great African American balladeer and recording artist Billy "Mr. B" Eckstine. After leading a highly-acclaimed band from 1944-1947, Eckstine returned to a career as a solo singer, becoming the country's most popular vocalist in 1949-1950 and signing a lucrative five-year contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios, Incorporated (MGM). Although his popularity waned after 1951, he continued to play in major nightclubs in the United States and abroad for the next several decades and to release several popular albums. As his piano accompanist for over forty years, Tucker helped build and sustain the singer's career, reinventing Eckstine as the nation's musical tastes changed, and the music industry evolved. During his stint with Eckstine, Tucker worked on concerts—planning, arranging music, transcribing, and transposing works for performances; on recordings—preparing written arrangements, working integrally with recording companies. Engagements included recordings and performances with the Count Basie Orchestra; recordings under the direction of Quincy Jones; performances in Las Vegas; and band tours of Europe, Australia, and Japan.

Tucker was a renowned piano accompanist, and while working for Eckstine he was eagerly sought out by other singers, including Johnny Hartman, Lena Horne, Tony Bennett, and Sarah Vaughan. He also collaborated with other jazz accompanists such as Jimmy Jones, Jimmy Rowles, and John Malachi. In his autobiography, Quincy Jones says that Tucker inspired him to begin studying music after they met in Seattle, while Jones was touring with Billie Holiday. Jones attributed all of the success he garnered in his career to the core skills he developed as a result of Tucker's inspiration. Tucker worked with Jones to arrange and conduct the music for the 1978 film The Wiz, which received an Academy Award nomination for best original music score.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program Collection (AC0808)

Contains an oral history interview with Bobby Tucker, February 27-28, 2004
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center in 2008 by Tucker's widow, Irma J. Tucker.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Musical arrangers  Search this
Music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Pianists  Search this
Musicians -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Orchestrations
Programs -- Concerts
Sheet music
Clippings
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1141
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1141
Additional Online Media:

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