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Records, c. 1920-1930

Creator:
Washington Biologists' Field Club  Search this
Physical description:
0.5 cu. ft. (1 document box)
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Collection descriptions
Date:
1920
1920-1930
c 1920-1930
Topic:
Professional associations  Search this
Biologists  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 83-093
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_255907

Elder, Ruth; Arts, Literature, and Entertainment, Motion Pictures, "The Winged Horseman" (1929). [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1929
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Motion pictures 1920-1930  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
Local number:
NASM-7B02308
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Sherman Fairchild Collection of Aeronautical Photographs
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_392119

Photographs from an album

Collection Creator:
Jantzen, Carl C.  Search this
Extent:
18 Photographs
Container:
Box 9, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
circa 1920s-1930s
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
The Jantzen Knitting Mills Collection, 1925-1977, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Jantzen Knitting Mills Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0233-ref55

Lindbergh, Charles Augustus. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Lindbergh, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
6/13/1927
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Spirit of St. Louis (Airplane)  Search this
Ticker tape parades--New York (State)--New York--1920-1930  Search this
Transatlantic flights  Search this
Local number:
NASM-00167214
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_370204

Casimir Zagourski photographs

Photographer:
Zagourski, Casimir  Search this
Extent:
6 negatives (photographic) (dupe negatives, black & white, 4 x 5 in.)
375 postcards (1 volume, black & white, 9 x 14 cm.)
437 photographic prints (12 folders, copy prints; black & white, 8 x 10 in. or smaller )
4 contact sheets
Container:
Item 6
Box 3
Volume 1
Volume 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Black-and-white photographs
Negatives
Postcards
Photographic prints
Place:
Kinshasa (Congo)
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
circa 1925
Summary:
The collection includes (6) 4 x 5 copy negatives, 375 postcards, 437 copy prints and 4 contact sheets.
Arrangement note:
Arranged in order as published in Zagourski's photo album, "L'Afrique Qui Disparait". .
Biographical/Historical note:
Casimir d'Ostoja Zagourski (1880-1941) was a Polish nobleman and professional studio photographer who had maintained a studio in Leopoldville (now Kinshasa in Zaire) between the World Wars. He travelled across the Belgian Congo, Rwanda-Burundi Tanganyika, Kenya, Uganda and French Equatorial Afrique in 1926 to take photographs for his collective photo album "L'Afrique Qui Disparait".
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Negatives
Postcards
Photographic prints
Citation:
Casimir Zagourski photographs, EEPA 1987-0024, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1987-024
See more items in:
Casimir Zagourski photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-1987-024

Charles Rivers Photographs

Creator:
Rivers, Charles, 1904-1993  Search this
Names:
Chrysler Building (New York, N.Y.) -- Pictorial works  Search this
Empire State Building (New York, N.Y.) -- Construction--1929-1930  Search this
Pathe News  Search this
Bates, Ruby  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet (4 boxes )
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Albums
Place:
New York (N.Y.) -- 1920-1930
Washington (D.C.) -- 1960-1970
Date:
1929-1963
bulk 1929-1930
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains: twenty-nine silver gelatin photoprints mounted on Fome-Core, Masonite, and cardboard, ranging in size from 5-1/2" x 9-1/4" to 10-11/16" x 13-13/16"; three 5" x 7" unmounted silver gelatin photoprints; a scrapbook which originally contained 56 silver gelatin photoprints, ranging in size from 2" x 3" to 7-1/2" x 9-1/2"; and silver gelatin film negatives (presumably acetate) for the prints. The scrapbook includes a New York Daily News clipping about Rivers: "Builds a Bridge to Students" by Anthony Burton (dated May 12, 1970 by Rivers) with a photograph showing him speaking to a crowd, Most of the photographs depict the construction of the Chrysler and Empire State Buildings--iron workers on the job and relaxing during breaks, and pictures of the buildings at various stages of completion. Other subjects are: a demonstration to prevent World War II (1935), a color photoprint of the Civil Rights March and Demonstration in Washington, D.C. (1963), and two magazine clippings from a Soviet publication, New Times, in which Rivers's prize-winning "Self Portrait" (1930) was reproduced.

Most of these prints were made by Charles Rivers many years after the creation of the original negatives, probably ca.1970s 1980s. The collection is in generally good condition, except that many of the print surfaces are scratched.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Rivers created a certain amount of confusion about his origins, whether accidentally or intentionally. Born Constantinos Kapornaros[1] (or Kostandinos Kapernaros)[2] in the small town of Vahos in Mani, an isolated area in the southern Peloponnesian region of Greece, on May 20, 1904, he emigrated to the United States as a child of five or six with his parents. His school record showed that he was enrolled in 1911 at the age of seven.[3] The family lived in Maine or New Hampshire, then Massachusetts, and later other locations in New York state. It is believed that his new name was derived from the Charles River in Boston.[4] The change may have been occasioned by a need to conceal his deep involvement in left-wing political and union activities.[5] Mr. Rivers settled in New York City in 1950 and resided there until 1993.[6] He sometimes identified his birthplace as Denver, Colorado,[7] but this may have been a fabrication or simplification, based on the fact that Greek church baptismal records were kept in Denver.[8] His sons James and Ronald believe that he never became an official American citizen. Late in life, in order to visit his birthplace, he was issued a passport, based on his school records, which stated that he was born in Denver. Rivers photographed the construction of the Chrysler Building (1929) and the Empire State Building (1930) in New York City. He was inspired to take up photography by seeing the work of the influential documentary photographer Lewis Hine, whose famous images of working children helped win passage of protective child labor laws. Rivers and Hine both photographed the Empire State Building and the men building it, yet Rivers apparently was unaware until years later that his idol had been present. Employed as an iron worker, Rivers traded his pail of tools for a Zeiss Ikon[9] camera during his lunch hour or when photographic opportunities arose. While the workers depicted in some of the photographs clearly are aware of the photographer's presence, Rivers's project presumably was conducted more or less surreptitiously. It is not known for certain if the paths of Rivers and Hine ever crossed, but his son Ron considers it unlikely: Hine photographed only the Empire State Building in connection with his "Men at Work" project,[10] not the earlier Chrysler Building, and Rivers did not work on the Empire State Building for a very long period. His self-portrait on the Empire State Building, "The Bolter-Up," may have been intended as a memento during one of his last days on that job.[11]

Rivers became unemployed in the Depression and consequently became involved in national efforts to create Social Security, unemployment insurance, and housing programs. These experiences apparently encouraged his active participation in politically leftist activities, as coverage about him in Soviet publications attests. A pacifist, in 1935 he was involved in demonstrations aimed at preventing World War II, and in the 1960s he took part in anti-Vietnam demonstrations and encouraged young people to continue such resistance.

In the 1950s Rivers worked in steel fabrication, in a chemistry lab as a technician, and briefly as a legislative aide for a New York state senator.

In 1986 Rivers submitted his 1930 self-portrait, posed on the Chrysler Building, to the International Year of Peace art contest sponsored by the New Times, published in Moscow: it was awarded a prize and diploma.

Mr. Rivers died in 1993, only two weeks after moving to Arlington, Texas to enter a nursing home near his sons' homes.

1. The page on Rivers in New York University=s Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives web site (http://laborarts.org/collections/item.cfm?itemid=82) --noted 5 June 2002), claims Rivers was born in 1905 and changed his name Ato resemble those of the Mohawk Indians working on the high steel of New York City=s skyscrapers and bridges".

2. This spelling is given in an e-mail from James Rivers to Helen Plummer, Aug. 19, 2002.

3. Ibid.

4. Telephone conversation between Ron Rivers and the author, 6 June 2002. Additional information was provided by Ron Rivers in electronic mail messages, 5 June and 12 June 2002.

5. James Rivers, op. cit.

6. Telephone conversation with Ron Rivers, 6 June 2002.

7. In a biographical statement for the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art (copy supplied by Helen Plummer), Charles Rivers called Denver his birthplace. The George Eastman House photographer database also included this apparently erroneous information, probably derived from the Amon Carter statement (telephone conversation with Helen Plummer, 3 June 2002).

8. Ron Rivers, telephone conversation, 6 June 2002.

9. Identified by Charles Rivers as the camera used in the skyscraper photographs: interview by Carol Sewell, "Photographer looked at U.S. from high view," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Dec. 27, 1986. Rivers also used a Rolleiflex, according to Ron Rivers (see note above), but the folding Zeiss Ikon camera would have been a more convenient addition to a lunchbox than the bulkier Rolleiflex. The collection negatives are not in the Rolleiflex square format, moreover.

10. See Judith Mara Gutman, Lewis W. Hine and the American social conscience. New York: Walker, 1967.

11. Ron Rivers, telephone conversation, 6 June 2002.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Smithsonian Institution

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden

Included Rivers's self-portrait, "The Bolter Up," in its summer 2002 exhibition, "Metropolis in the Machine Age," in the form of a new print made from a digital copy of the Archives Center's original negative. The author discussed the new print from the Rivers negative and other photographs in this exhibition in an invited gallery lecture, "The Skyscraper Photographs of Lewis Hine and Charles Rivers," Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, June 6, 2002.

Materials at Other Organizations

Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, Texas

See Barbara McCandless and John Rohrbach, Singular moments: photographs from the Amon Carter Museum, with select entries by Helen Plummer. Reproduction of a Rivers photograph, with description and analysis, p. 30. Additional information has been generously supplied by Ms. Plummer, curatorial associate, and Barbara McCandless, curator of photography, Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, Fort Worth Texas.

Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives at New York University

Museum of the City of New York

Some of his photographs were included in the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art exhibition, "Looking at America: Documentary Photographs of the 1930s and 1940s," December 1986.
Provenance:
The collection is a gift from Mr. Charles Rivers, 1989.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Archives Center claims copyright. Rights were conveyed to the Archives Center through a Deed of Gift signed by the donor.
Topic:
Self-portraits, American  Search this
Iron and steel workers -- 1920-1930 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Construction workers -- 1900-1950 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Structural steel workers -- 1920-1930 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Labor unions  Search this
Civil rights demonstrations -- 1960-1970  Search this
Skyscrapers -- 1920-1930 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Peace movements -- 1960-1970  Search this
Peace movements -- 1930-1940  Search this
Scottsoro boys case  Search this
Fires  Search this
Scottsboro Trial, Scottsboro, Ala., 1931  Search this
Self-portraits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Albums
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1970-1990
Citation:
Charles Rivers Photographs, 1929-1963, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0360
See more items in:
Charles Rivers Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0360
Additional Online Media:

Seated Nude [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Glackens, William 1870-1938  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1920-1930
Topic:
Figure female--Nude  Search this
Figure female--Full length  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0046067
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_46068

A Coal Town [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Luks, George 1866-1933  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Cityscape--Town  Search this
Architecture exterior--Domestic--House  Search this
Architecture exterior--Industry--Mine  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0074663
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_74664

Roosevelt Flying School Photographs

Creator:
Scaturro, Jack  Search this
Names:
Lockheed Model 3 Air Express "Gilmore Lion"  Search this
Roosevelt Field (N.Y.)  Search this
Scaturro, Jack  Search this
Turner, Roscoe, 1895-1970  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Scrapbooks
Clippings
Photographs
Date:
[ca. 1920s-1930s]
Scope and Contents:
This collection was donated by the son of Jack Scaturro who worked at Roosevelt Field during the 1920s and 1930s. Mr. Scaturro took snapshots of the facility's workers, friends and transient pilots, most notably the flamboyant Roscoe Turner and his aircraft the Gilmore Lion. The collection consists of 17 photos of the following aircraft: Aeronca C-1; Burnelli GX-3; Corsair O2U-1; DH-4; Fleet PT-6; Sikorsky C-6; Lockheed: Lindbergh's Sirius, Turner's NC 7954 and Lockheed Model 3 Air Express 'Gilmore Lion;' and a Loening COA-1. There are two photos of the Goodyear airship 'Vigilant' and one photo of the airship 'Los Angeles.' There is also a small scrapbook of newspaper clippings of aircraft disasters near Roosevelt Field and Westbury, Long Island.
General:
Additional materials: Roosevelt Field ID bracelet, pin, and Republic Aviation pin, all located in the National Air and Space Museum Aeronautics Division.
NASMrev
Provenance:
Milton R. Scaturro, Gift, 1995, 1995-0036, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronca C-1 Cadet  Search this
Burnelli (Uppercu-Burnelli) X-3 (GX-3)(Guggenheim Prize)  Search this
Vought O2U-1 Corsair  Search this
Consolidated (Fleet) PT-6 Family  Search this
de Havilland (Airco) D.H.4  Search this
Sikorsky (USA) C-6  Search this
Lockheed Model 3 Air Express  Search this
Aircraft accidents  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Clippings
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.1995.0036
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1995-0036

No Title Given: Portrait of a Man [sculpture] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Calder, Alexander Stirling 1870-1945  Search this
Subject:
Unidentified  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1920-1930?
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0050119
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_50120

Family Photographs (includes Corson family members)

Collection Creator:
Community Life, Div. of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Stoyanoff, Esther  Search this
Corson, Mille Gade , 1898- (swimmer)  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Mille Gade Corson Collection, 1920-1930, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Esther Stoyanoff.
See more items in:
Mille Gade Corson Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0063-ref515

Mille Gade Corson Photographs (swimming related)

Collection Creator:
Community Life, Div. of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Stoyanoff, Esther  Search this
Corson, Mille Gade , 1898- (swimmer)  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Mille Gade Corson Collection, 1920-1930, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Esther Stoyanoff.
See more items in:
Mille Gade Corson Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0063-ref516

California Aviation Photographs [Town/Ward]

Creator:
Town, Thomas J.  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Black-and-white negatives
Date:
bulk 1930s
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 35mm black and white negatives for 42 images taken in the late 1930s at Grand Central Airport in Glendale, California and at San Jacinto, California by Thomas J. Town. Aircraft depicted in the images include the Northrop A-17 (8A); Lockheed Model 10 Electra; Seversky P-35; Boeing Model 247; Vultee V1-A; North American BT-9 Yale; Martin (Glenn L.) B-10 (Model 139); Curtiss Condor T-32 (Condor II); and the Tupolev ANT-25 (RD) piloted by Mikhail Gromoff during the Moscow, USSR to San Jacinto, California transpolar flight of 1937. The negatives are on nitrate film. In addition to the negatives, the collection also includes contact sheets showing each image. The contact sheets include some identification information.
Biographical / Historical:
Thomas J. Town was a deep sea diver and was in the U.S. Navy submarine force in the 1920s-1930s. Subsequent to his naval service, Town enrolled as a student at the Curtiss-Wright Technical Institute in the late 1930s. During this time, Town photographed numerous aircraft at the Grand Central Airport in Glendale, California and also took photographs at San Jacinto, California of the Tupolev ANT-25 (RD) piloted by Mikhail Gromoff during his 1937 transpolar flight. Town later worked as an engineer at Lockheed Aircraft in Burbank, California where he gave the negatives in this collection to a fellow engineer, Bruce R. Ward.
Provenance:
Bruce R. Ward, Gift, 2010
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airports  Search this
Airports  Search this
Lockheed Model 10 Electra Family  Search this
Northrop A-17 (8A)  Search this
Seversky P-35  Search this
Boeing 247  Search this
Vultee V1-A  Search this
North American BT-9  Search this
Martin (Glenn L.) B-10 (Model 139)  Search this
Curtiss Condor T-32 (Condor II)  Search this
Tupolev ANT-25(RD)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Citation:
California Aviation Photographs [Town/Ward], Accession 2010-0024, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2010.0024
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2010-0024

Will MacPheat Collection of U.S.G.S. Photographs

Donor:
MacPheat, Will  Search this
Names:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 Box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1920s-1930s.
Summary:
Photographs of oil and gas extraction sites and equipment taken by field personnel of the United States Geological Survey in Montana and North Dakota
Scope and Contents:
The photographs are arranged into two groups. The first group consists of black and white silver gelatin prints dating from 1929-1939 and contain detailed descriptions, including locations. A number of these prints are undated; however, handwritten inscriptions are on the images. Some of the unidentified prints have been grouped with indentified prints to which they seem related. The second group of prints consists of photographs dating from the 1960s. Most of these prints are dated; some have been identified, while others have no identification or dates. All of the photographs are arranged in chronological order when possible.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Historical:
The collection consists of photographs taken by field personnel of the United States Geological Survey in Montana and North Dakota documenting the construction of equipment for the extraction of oil and gas. Photographs include black and white silver gelatin prints (1920s-1930s), color photographs, Polaroid prints (1960s) and a few negatives. The bulk of these images are believed to have been taken during the 1920s and 1930s, with a smaller group dating from the 1960s.

Will MacPheat's description of the photographs includes the following, referring to an undated photograph: "The handwritten description pretty well tells the story - scene of 180 Quart Nitro explosion." He also refers to "equipment known in the early trade as a 'widow maker' due to the number of people who were killed by them. Loss of fingers was particularly common." He further notes: "In addition to oil field photos are photos showing some of the personnel, the Jordon Hotel in Glendive, MT (1938), a Carbon Black plant and the USGS office in 1935." Most of the early photographs are of sites, excavations, wells, and abandoned claims as well as the labor, mechanisms and structures required to obtain gas and oil from the earth. The later photographs depict the advanced equipment and techniques of the 1960s.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center by Will MacPheat in 2005.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Topic:
Oil fields  Search this
Oil wells  Search this
Petroleum industry and trade  Search this
Citation:
Will MacPheat Collection of U.S.G.S. Photographs, 1920s-1930s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0905
See more items in:
Will MacPheat Collection of U.S.G.S. Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0905

Women in Industry Photographs and Advertisements

Topic:
Kodak (Brand name)
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (2 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Advertisements
Date:
1890-1948
Summary:
The collection consists of photographs and advertisements related to women working in industry dating from 1890 to 1948.
Scope and Contents:
Series 1: Photographs includes images of women in industry along with associated documents. Materials are arranged alphabetically by subject. The photographs date from 1890 to 1981, yet the bulk of the materials are from 1930 to 1948. A portion of the materials are undated. There is a notable shortage of material related to women of color. The photographs depict women working in engineering jobs, operating heavy machinery, working with textiles, and handling different types of technology. There are several types of machines and products featured in the collection including pneumatic drills, gas irons, typewriters, rivet guns, compressed air machines, an arbor press, bending roll machines, and light bulbs. Documents that correspond to the photographs discuss an increase in women taking men's jobs in the 1940s while the men were at war. Consequently, photographs from the 1940s in this collection represent the transition of making machinery more applicable to women and enabling them to do "man-sized" jobs. Many of the 1940's photographs depict women enrolling in engineering training programs and physically working with heavy machinery.

Earlier materials from the early 1900s show women sitting in factories next to lighter equipment such as sewing machines and typewriters. There are a variety of companies displayed in the photographs including B. F. Spinney Co., Computing-Bureau Freight Accounts, Curtis Publishing Company, Curtis-Wright Corporation, Deane Works, Draper Corporation, General Electric Co., Glenn L. Martin Co., Goodyear Aircraft Corp., Osborn Manufacturing Company, and Timken Roller Bearing Co. A portion of the commercial photographs were taken by companies including Commercial Photo Co., Eastman Kodak Company, Mercury MFG. Co., Novelty Photo Co., Science Service, and Underwood and Underwood.

Series 2: Advertisements includes advertisements related to women in industry. These advertisements date from 1927 to 1946. The materials in this series promote products and jobs targeting women operating machinery such as safety bars, grinding tools, bending roles, gauges, double-seaming machines, and portable package staplers. There are a variety of companies featured in this series including Acme Staple Co., Ashcroft Gauge Division, Buffalo Forge Company, E.W. Bliss Co., The Sheffield Corporation, and Willson Safety Products.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Photographs, 1890-1948

Series 2: Advertisements, 1927-1946
Historical:
This artificially created collection traces the transition of women's work in industry during the twentieth century. Most of the collection materials have a different provenance, but thirty-two photographs were assembled by Helena E. Wright during her years working as a curator in the Division of Culture and the Arts at the National Museum of American History. Other photographs showing women in industrial sites were added to the collection by the curator Peter Liebhold in the Division of Work and Industry. The photographs and advertisements in the complete collection were arranged to exhibit the evolution of women in the workforce. Women's occupations in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries included work in the clothing industry (i.e. Draper Corporation, B. F. Spinney Co.), factories, and production lines. Despite the low pay, laborious and unsafe working conditions that came with working in these industries, most women felt a sense of empowerment being employed outside the home. Many women welcomed the opportunity to provide an income for their families yet worked long hours in inadequate and dismal settings. During World War I and World War II, men left their industry jobs to serve in the war. In order to serve the war effort, women found more employment opportunities in several types of industries. These included electric companies (i.e. General Electric Co.), aircraft and aerospace engineering businesses (i.e. Glenn L. Martin Co., Goodyear Aircraft Corp.), foundry work (i.e. Osborn Manufacturing Company), steel making (i.e. Timken Roller Bearing Co.), as well as enrollment in engineering training programs (i.e. Curtis-Wright Corporation). These industries provided women with a broader range of employment opportunities, skills, and experiences. Consequently, other companies began creating and marketing products to help improve the lives of women in the workforce. Inventions such as the Willson Saf-t-Bra advertised comfort and protection to women working in various industry occupations.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Women (AC0060) Rosie the Riveter Health and Safety Records (AC0621) Jantzen Knitting Mills Collection (AC0233)
Provenance:
Found in collections and assembled by curatorial staff.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Science Service  Search this
Women iron and steel workers  Search this
Women laborers  Search this
Factories -- 20th century  Search this
Textile industry  Search this
Machinery industry  Search this
Electric engineering -- 20th century  Search this
Industrial engineering  Search this
Manufacturing -- 1920-1930  Search this
Commercial photography  Search this
Women employees  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Industry -- U.S.  Search this
Women -- Employment  Search this
Women in technology  Search this
Women in advertising  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements -- 20th century
Citation:
Women in Industry Photographs and Advertisements, 1890-1948, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1446
See more items in:
Women in Industry Photographs and Advertisements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1446
Additional Online Media:

Photographic print of Eunice Jackson and Owen William

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Eunice Jackson, American, 1903 - 2004  Search this
Medium:
photographic gelatin and silver on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 2 3/4 × 4 1/2 in. (7 × 11.4 cm)
Type:
photographs
portraits
Date:
1920-1930
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
American West  Search this
Communities  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Princetta R. Newman
Object number:
2014.75.107
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
The Princetta R. Newman Collection of Family Photographs, Tulsa, Oklahoma
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2014.75.107
Additional Online Media:

Heron, S. D. "Sam". [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
Circa 1920s/1930s
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Local number:
NASM-00162187
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
National Air Museum Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_390526

Vose Galleries of Boston records, circa 1876, 1890s-1996, bulk 1920s-1930s

Creator:
Vose Galleries of Boston  Search this
Subject:
Norton, William E. (William Edward)  Search this
Ladd, Anna Coleman Watts  Search this
Thayer, Abbott Handerson  Search this
Vose, Robert Churchill  Search this
Vose, Robert C. (Robert Churchill)  Search this
Sargent, John Singer  Search this
Hassam, Childe  Search this
Hoffman, Malvina  Search this
Jonniaux, Alfred  Search this
M. Knoedler & Co.  Search this
Robert C. Vose Galleries  Search this
Milch Galleries.  Search this
Arthur U. Newton Galleries  Search this
Ehrich Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Howard Young Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Macbeth Gallery  Search this
Norton Gallery and School of Art  Search this
R.C. & N.M. Vose (Firm)  Search this
Jill Newhouse (Gallery)  Search this
Centennial Exhibition (1876 : Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Topic:
Picture frames and framing  Search this
Manuscript  Search this
Artists  Search this
Video recordings  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Picture frame industry  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9272
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211467
AAA_collcode_vosegall
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211467
Additional Online Media:

Photograph of two baseball players

Photograph by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Medium:
platinum and/or palladium on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 5 x 3 7/16 in. (12.7 x 8.7 cm)
Type:
platinum prints
portraits
Date:
ca. 1930
Topic:
African American  Search this
Athletes  Search this
Baseball  Search this
Photography  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Robert and Brenda Strong
Object number:
2011.42.10
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.42.10
Additional Online Media:

Photograph of a baseball player

Photograph by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Medium:
platinum and/or palladium on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 4 9/16 x 2 3/4 in. (11.6 x 7 cm)
Type:
platinum prints
portraits
Date:
ca. 1930
Topic:
African American  Search this
Athletes  Search this
Baseball  Search this
Photography  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Robert and Brenda Strong
Object number:
2011.42.9
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.42.9
Additional Online Media:

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