Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
16 documents - page 1 of 1

Francis Gary Powers Collection

Creator:
Powers, Francis Gary, 1929-1977  Search this
Names:
Lockheed Aircraft Corp  Search this
Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich, 1894-1971  Search this
Powers, Francis Gary, 1929-1977  Search this
Extent:
1.53 Cubic feet (2 legal document boxes, 1 flat box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Diaries
Correspondence
Telegrams
Photographs
Logs (records)
Date:
1929-1986
bulk 1952-1977
Summary:
This collection consists of material relating to Francis Gary Powers's flying career in the Air Force, Central Intelligence Agency, and later pursuits. The majority of the documents deal with the May 1960 U-2 incident, in which Powers was shot down over the Soviet Union during a reconnaisance mission and imprisoned. Materials include: logbooks; flight records from his military and civilian careers; a pocket diary and journal he kept during his Soviet imprisonment; letters to his parents; materials collected by his parents as his father attempted to visit him including a telegram from Nikita Khrushchev and a New Testament given to Powers by his mother during his Soviet trial; Congressional hearing material; newspaper articles; Life magazine; and several photographs of Powers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of documents relating to Francis Gary Powers and his aviation career, particularly the 1960 U-2 incident with the Soviet Union. Materials include: logbooks; flight records from his military and civilian careers; a pocket diary and journal he kept during his Soviet imprisonment; letters to his parents; materials collected by his parents as his father attempted to visit him including a telegram from Nikita Khrushchev and a New Testament given to Powers by his mother during his Soviet trial; Congressional hearing material; newspaper articles; Life magazine; and several photographs of Powers.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into three series: Early Career, the U-2 Incident, and Post U-2 Incident Life and Career.

Series 1 contains materials relating to Francis Gary Power's early career with the United States Air Force before resigning to join the CIA, including his birth certificate, military orders and forms, and his individual flight records.

Series 2 contains materials relating to the U-2 incident, in which Francis Gary Powers was shot down over the Soviet Union and imprisoned. The first set of materials relates to Powers' imprisonment, including his prison journal, pocket diary, New Testament, correspondence, and the subsequent congressional hearing. The second set of materials relates to the Powers family during the incident, including correspondence and telegrams with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and the United States government and Oliver Powers' passport. The third set of materials relates to the media reactions to the incident, including complete newspapers, article clippings, a television script, and artwork.

The Soviet Prison Journal and Soviet Prison Pocket Diary were on display in the Looking at Earth Gallery when the collection was digitized. The photocopies were scanned for digital access.

Series 3 contains materials from Powers' life and career after his return to the United States, including logbooks, public relations documents, flight training and insurance records, an employment application, and memorial items.

Documents with personally identifiable information (PII) have been redacted or not digitized.
Biographical/Historical note:
Francis Gary Powers (1929 -1977) learned to fly during high school. He enlisted in the United States Air Force after graduating from Milligan College in 1950. In 1956, he resigned from the Air Force to become a "civilian employee" of Lockheed on loan to the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, authorized to fly Air Force aircraft. In reality, he was a covert employee of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), training for Operation Overflight—U-2 reconnaissance missions.

Powers was captured and imprisoned after his U-2 was shot down over the Soviet Union during an aerial reconnaissance mission on May 1, 1960. Powers was placed on trial and exchanged nearly two years later for Rudolf Abel, a Soviet agent. After his return to the United States, Powers continued to work for the CIA, but then left to work at Lockheed. Powers was working for NBC's Los Angeles affiliate KGIL in 1977, when his helicopter ran out of fuel and crashed, causing his death.
Provenance:
Claudia Sue Powers, Gift, 1994, NASM.1994.0010.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
United States -- Foreign relations -- Soviet Union  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Lockheed U-2 Family  Search this
Cold War  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Aerial reconnaissance  Search this
Photographic reconnaissance systems  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics and state  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Diaries
Correspondence
Telegrams
Photographs
Logs (records)
Citation:
Francis Gary Powers Collection, Acc. 1994.0010, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1994.0010
See more items in:
Francis Gary Powers Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1994-0010
Additional Online Media:

John Guy Gilpatric Collection

Creator:
Gilpatric, John Guy, 1896-1950  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Air Service. 1st Aero Squadron  Search this
Gilpatric, John Guy, 1896-1950  Search this
Extent:
2.17 Cubic feet (10 folders, 3 flatboxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Date:
1910-1950
bulk 1910-1918
Summary:
John Guy Gilpatric (1896-1950) was one of America's earliest aviators. Although not officially an Early Bird, he first learned to fly in 1912 at the age of sixteen. That same year he gained notoriety by setting a new American record when he reached an altitude of nearly 5,000 feet with a passenger on board. During his teenage years, Gilpatric gave flying lessons and flew in air exhibitions, eventually becoming employed as a test-pilot. He later worked as an aviation instructor in Toronto, Canada, teaching the Royal Canadian Air Cadets. Following the United States' entry into World War I in 1917, Gilpatric enlisted in the Army Air Service as a First Lieutenant, where he was stationed overseas as Engineering Officer, First Aero Squadron, American Expeditionary Forces (AEF). The collection contains four scrapbooks, photographs, correspondence, licenses and identity cards, newspaper clippings, newsletters, and periodicals, which chronicle his aviation career and military service.
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains four scrapbooks, photographs, correspondence, newspaper clippings, newsletters, and periodicals. The collection also includes Gilpatric's Aero Club of American issued pilot license and his American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) identity and pilot identity card. Correspondence includes three letters from Glenn H. Curtiss and Jimmy Doolittle. The scrapbooks contain photographs, clippings and ephemera, including the follow subjects: Gilpatric's early aviation career as both an aviator and an instructor with the Moisant Flying School, Sloane Aviation School, the Royal Canadian air cadets; early aircraft such as the Sloane Flying Boat, the Nieuport 27, Curtiss JN-2, as well as Wright, Bleriot, Farman, and Deperdussin aircraft; and early aviators Charles Niles; DeLloyd Thompson; Art Smith; Bert Acosta; Claude Grahame-White; George W. Beatty; William Knox Martin; George M. Dyott; John E. Sloane; and Robert Y. Hoshino, a Japanese aviator. One scrapbook focuses on Gilpatric's service in the AEF in World War I with photographs of zeppelins, soldiers and aviators, aerial reconnaissance photography, destroyed villages, and graves. Photographs found in the videodisc prints are most likely copied from the scrapbooks or smaller images that had been removed from albums.

Note: Where indicated, the digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
Materials were arranged by physical location.
Biographical / Historical:
John Guy Gilpatric (1896-1950) was one of America's earliest aviators. Although not officially an Early Bird, he first learned to fly in 1912 at the age of sixteen. That same year he gained notoriety by setting a new American record when he reached an altitude of nearly 5,000 feet with a passenger on board. During his teenage years, Gilpatric gave flying lessons and flew in air exhibitions, eventually becoming employed as a test-pilot. He later worked as an aviation instructor in Toronto, Canada, teaching the Royal Canadian Air Cadets. Following the United States' entry into World War I in 1917, Gilpatric enlisted in the Army Air Service as a First Lieutenant, where he was stationed overseas as Engineering Officer, First Aero Squadron, American Expeditionary Forces (AEF). Upon returning to the United States in 1919, he left the world of aviation behind and worked in advertising. Gilpatric is probably best known, however, for his subsequent career as a writer, during which time he wrote the Saturday Evening Post series, "Colin Glencannon," among numerous other books and articles.
Provenance:
Unknown, gift, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0220
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Photographic reconnaissance systems  Search this
Aerial reconnaissance  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Aeronautics--Canada  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Citation:
John Guy Gilpatric Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0220, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0220
See more items in:
John Guy Gilpatric Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0220
Additional Online Media:

Corona Program Exhibit Posters Collection

Names:
United States. Central Intelligence Agency  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1995
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of fifteen 24x20 inch photographic prints used in a conference or press event in 1995, the year that the Corona program was declassified, and 35 years after the first successful mission.
Biographical / Historical:
The United States' first photographic reconnaissance satellites were designed, launched, and operated as the Corona program by the Central Intelligence Agency's Directorate of Science and Technology, and by the U. S. Air Force. Operating between 1959 and 1972, Corona KH (Keyhole) series satellites provided worldwide photographic coverage, surveying ballistic missile development and nuclear sites of the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China. Images were shot on film canisters which were ejected from the satellite, and were then recovered by specially modified aircraft during parachute descent. The Corona program was declassified by executive order in 1995, making over 800,000 photographs available to the public.
Provenance:
National Reconnaissance Office, Transferred from the Space History Department, 2013
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Artificial satellites  Search this
Cold War  Search this
Photographic reconnaissance systems  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Corona Program Exhibit Posters Collection, Accession 2013-0029, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2013.0029
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2013-0029

Northrop RB-49A and FB-49A Drawings

Creator:
Northrop Corp  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Date:
bulk 1948
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of ten 22.5 by 11 inch drawings from Northrop Aircraft, Inc. Included here are eight drawings of the RB-49A and two drawings of the FB-49A.
Biographical / Historical:
In March 1948, a proposal was made to the United States Air Force by Northrop Aircraft, Inc. for a photographic reconnaissance version of the "flying wing." This proposed aircraft was referred to as the RB-49A and the FB-49A, and officially known as the Northrop YRB-49A. This proposal grew out of the failed XB-35 program, and the USAF desperately hoped for the success of this aircraft. However, shortly after an agreement was made in August 1948, the project was abandoned. Disagreements and indecision led to a rocky beginning and only preliminary plans for this aircraft were completed. Once the RB-49A project was abandoned, Northrop focused their efforts on the YRB-49A as a conversion of the YB-35A.
Provenance:
John Keen Miller, Gift, 1995
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Northrop RB-49A  Search this
Northrop FB-49A  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Photographic reconnaissance systems  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Northrop RB-49A and FB-49A Drawings, Accession number 1995-0069, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1995.0069
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1995-0069

World War II Aerial Reconnaissance Photographs [Hedgpeth]

Creator:
Hedgpeth, James A.  Search this
Names:
Hedgpeth, James A.  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic Feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Aerial Photographs
Photographs
Date:
1944
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes 75 photographs of Word War II bombings of France, specifically of Cologne. Aerial reconnaissance photographs make up the majority of the collection, although there are also photographs of a mapping room as well as a few pictures taken on the ground of the bombing damage. This collection also includes two prints of a Lockheed P-38 in flight.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
James A Hedgpeth, Jr., Gift, 1989, 1989-0078, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations, American -- France  Search this
Aerial reconnaissance  Search this
Photographic reconnaissance systems  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Lockheed P-38 Lightning Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Aerial Photographs
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.1989.0078
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1989-0078

Fairchild KS-25 High Acuity Camera System Collection

Creator:
Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corporation  Search this
Names:
Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corporation  Search this
Baker, James G.  Search this
Extent:
2.18 Cubic Feet ((2 records center boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Photographs
Correspondence
Date:
1956-1967
Scope and Contents:
This collection documents the development and testing of the f/4 achromatic lens system. The material includes test data, photographs, and drawings, as well as correspondence detailing Baker's successful fight to secure a patent on the lens system.
Arrangement:
Arrangement: (by type of material) 1) Contract specifications 2) Purchase orders and receipts 3) Correspondence 4) Patent applications 5) Camera operations manual 6) Performance and environmental tests final report 7) Lens drawings 8) Performance analysis printouts and calculations
Biographical / Historical:
In the mid-1950s the Defense Department requested a system for achieving better quality photographic intelligence using smaller and lighter cameras on high-speed aircraft at high altitudes. In response Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corporation designed the KS-25 High Acuity Camera System, an integrated camera/lens system using a wide-angle 24' focal length lens capable of producing transparencies with resolutions of 140 lines/mm on a high contrast target or 90 lines/mm on a low contrast target. The lens for the KS-25 was designed by Dr. James G. Baker of Spica, Inc. and represented new optics technology to allow wide-angle viewing at daylight illumination on high speed cameras, yet capable of producing a resolution that was effectively diffraction limited.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Don Welzenbach, gift, 1986, 1986-0028, not NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Fairchild KS-25 High Acuity Camera System  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Photographic reconnaissance systems  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Photographs
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.1986.0028
See more items in:
Fairchild KS-25 High Acuity Camera System Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1986-0028

Early cold war overflights, 1950-1956 : symposium proceedings / editors, R. Cargill Hall and Clayton D. Laurie

Author:
Hall, R. Cargill  Search this
Laurie, Clayton D (Clayton David) 1954-  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. (xix, 654 p.) : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Congresses
Place:
United States
Date:
2003
Topic:
Aerial reconnaissance, American--History  Search this
Aerial reconnaissance, British--History  Search this
Military reconnaissance--History  Search this
Photographic reconnaissance systems--History  Search this
Cold War--History  Search this
Call number:
UG763 .E27 2003
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_707706

The U-2 [electronic resource] : a revolution in intelligence, September 17, 1998

Subject:
Powers, Francis Gary 1929-1977  Search this
Cold War Museum  Search this
Physical description:
1 computer optical disc : ill. ; 4 3/4 in
Type:
Electronic resources
Aerial photographs
Place:
United States
Soviet Union
Moscow (Russia)
Baghdad (Iraq)
Semeĭ (Kazakhstan)
Date:
1998
Topic:
U-2 (Reconnaissance aircraft)  Search this
Photographic reconnaissance systems  Search this
Reconnaissance aircraft  Search this
Aerial photographs  Search this
U-2 Incident, 1960  Search this
Foreign relations  Search this
Call number:
mrdf 000396
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_665678

To fool a glass eye : camouflage versus photoreconnaissance in World War II / Roy M. Stanley II

Title:
Camouflage versus photoreconnaissance in World War II
Author:
Stanley, Roy M  Search this
Physical description:
192 p. : ill. ; 31 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1998
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Camouflage  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Camouflage (Military science)  Search this
Photographic reconnaissance systems  Search this
Aerial reconnaissance  Search this
Call number:
D810.C2 S73 1998
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_545170

Eyes of the RAF : a history of photo-reconnaissance / Roy Conyers Nesbit ; assisted by Jack Eggleston ; foreword by Sir Neil Wheeler

Author:
Nesbit, Roy Conyers  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 335 p. : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Great Britain
Date:
1996
Topic:
Aerial reconnaissance, British--History  Search this
Photographic reconnaissance systems--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_497764

Photo reconnaissance / Andrew J. Brookes

Author:
Brookes, Andrew J  Search this
Physical description:
247 p., [32] leaves of plates : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1975
Topic:
Photographic reconnaissance systems  Search this
Call number:
UG760.B76X 1975
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_273656

Bridgehead: Eastman Kodak Company's covert photoreconnaissance film processing program

Title:
Eastman Kodak Company's covert photoreconnaissance film processing program
Publisher:
Center for the Study of National Reconnaissance (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Reconnaissance Office  Search this
Subject:
Bridgehead (Program) History  Search this
Eastman Kodak Company History  Search this
Project Corona (U.S.) History  Search this
Physical description:
142 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2014
Topic:
Photographic reconnaissance systems--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1058426

Eyes all over the sky : aerial reconnaissance in the First World War / James Streckfuss

Author:
Streckfuss, James  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 239 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2016
20th century
Topic:
Aerial reconnaissance--History  Search this
Photographic reconnaissance systems--History  Search this
World War, 1914-1918--Reconnaissance operations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1074771

Shooting the front : allied aerial reconnaissance and photographic interpretation on the Western Front--World War I / Terrence J. Finnegan

Title:
Allied aerial reconnaissance and photographic interpretation on the Western Front--World War I
Author:
Finnegan, Terrence J. 1952-  Search this
Center for Strategic Intelligence Research (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 508 p. : ill., maps (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Western Front
Date:
2006
2006]
20th century
Topic:
Aerial reconnaissance--History  Search this
Photographic interpretation (Military science)--History  Search this
Photographic reconnaissance systems--History  Search this
World War, 1914-1918--Campaigns  Search this
World War, 1914-1918--Photography  Search this
World War, 1914-1918--Reconnaissance operations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_944630

Corona program history [electronic resource]

Author:
United States Central Intelligence Agency Directorate of Science and Technology  Search this
Subject:
Project Corona (U.S.) History  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (5 v.) : ill
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
United States
Date:
1976
20th century
Topic:
Space surveillance--History  Search this
Photographic reconnaissance systems--History  Search this
Astronautics, Military--History  Search this
Artificial satellites, American--History  Search this
Corona (Satellite)  Search this
Call number:
UG1523 .C666 1976
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_986587

Hide and seek : camouflage, photography, and the media of reconnaissance / Hanna Rose Shell

Author:
Shell, Hanna Rose  Search this
Physical description:
239 p., [16] p. of plates : ill. (some col.), map ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2012
Topic:
Photography--Special effects  Search this
Photographic reconnaissance systems  Search this
Hidden camera photography  Search this
Art and camouflage  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_986626

Modify Your Search






or


Narrow By