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Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Petroleum

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969  Search this
Names:
Esso Standard Oil Company  Search this
Standard Oil Company  Search this
Extent:
4.38 Cubic feet (consisting of 9.5 boxes, 4 oversize folders, 1 map case folder.)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Business cards
Advertising cards
Advertisements
Business letters
Legal documents
Caricatures
Publications
Printed material
Letterheads
Technical manuals
Receipts
Design patents
Patents
Manuals
Advertising fliers
Advertising
Reports
Printed ephemera
Ephemera
Printed materials
Business records
Technical reports
Periodicals
Commercial correspondence
Business ephemera
Photographs
Newsletters
Illustrations
Print advertising
Invoices
Correspondence
Advertising mail
Date:
1838-1981
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Petroleum forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
The subject category Petroleum relates to the manufacturing, refining, and sales of petroleum and other oil-based products including use in motors, spindles machinery, cylinders and by painters

Within these materials there exists producer and supplier overlap with other fuel, oil, and lubricant product lines such as linseed, rosin, whale, and refined vegetable oils. See also subject categories Automobile Industry, Aviation, Coal, Engines, Gas, Oils and Lubricants, plus other related topics, as applicable.

Petroleum includes business records, serial publications, guides and histories of specific companies, patents, images, realia, as well as widely-varied subject records. Business records also include import and export documentation and records of patents. Oversize material included with the series comprises of additional serial publications and business records.

Material related to specific subject areas provide overviews of several subjects pertaining to the petroleum industry. This includes the general history of the petroleum industry, chemistry and science related aspects of oil recovery and production, and literature about aspects of the petroleum trade intended for tradesmen. Materials extend to gas and electric companies, the automobile, aviation, and maritime industries, as well as addressing issues within the oil recovery trade such as procedures, storage equipment, and balancing safety and cost considerations.

No particular depth is present for any singular subtopic though Petroleum offers a breadth of general information about various aspects of the petroleum and its related industries.
Arrangement:
Petroleum is arranged in three series.

Business Records and Marketing Material

Genre

Subject
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Petroleum is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Marine engines  Search this
Synthetic lubricants  Search this
Marine engineering  Search this
Cotton industry  Search this
Lubrication and lubricants  Search this
Automobile industry and trade  Search this
Mines  Search this
Marine machinery  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Filters and filtration  Search this
Engines, automobile  Search this
Distillation, Fractional  Search this
Petroleum -- Prospecting  Search this
Petroleum chemicals  Search this
Petroleum refineries  Search this
Petroleum industry  Search this
Petroleum industry and trade  Search this
Gasoline  Search this
Exports -- 19th century  Search this
Coal  Search this
Oil spills  Search this
Automobile supplies industry  Search this
Importers  Search this
Gas  Search this
Gas industry  Search this
Oil-shale industry  Search this
Petroleum -- Distillation  Search this
Petroleum, Synthetic  Search this
Oil wells  Search this
Oil industries  Search this
Oil fields  Search this
Oil well drilling rigs  Search this
Oil  Search this
Whaling  Search this
advertising -- Petroleum industry and trade  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business cards
Advertising cards
Advertisements
Business letters
Legal documents
Caricatures
Publications -- Business
Printed material
Letterheads
Technical manuals -- 20th century
Receipts
Design patents
Patents
Manuals
Advertising fliers
Advertising
Reports
Printed ephemera
Ephemera
Printed materials
Business records
Technical reports
Periodicals
Commercial correspondence
Publications
Business ephemera
Photographs
Newsletters
Illustrations
Print advertising
Invoices
Correspondence
Advertising mail
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Petroleum, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Petroleum
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Petroleum
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-petroleum

Henry Wurtz Papers

Author:
Wurtz, Henry, 1828-1910  Search this
Collector:
Physical Sciences, Division of (NMAH, Smithsonian Institution).  Search this
Physical Sciences, Division of (NMAH, Smithsonian Institution).  Search this
Names:
American Whig Society  Search this
Union Chemical Manufacturing Company  Search this
Wurtz, Henry, 1828-1910  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (5 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Catalogs
Photographs
Certificates
Notebooks
Correspondence
Date:
1861-1885
Summary:
Wurtz's scheme, presented in a report to the stockholders, was a new method for the dry distillation of non-caking coal to obtain liquid oils and paraffin. Included in this box are: the report to the stockholders of the Union Chemical Manufacturing Co., 1883; patent specifications, 1881; correspondence with the Patent Office, prospectus on coal distillation, 1885; a notebook of minutes from meetings of Union Chemical Manufacturing Co., 1881-1883.
Scope and Contents:
These papers include items concerning the Union Chemical Manufacturing Company, 1883-1885, on dry destructive distillation of coal to make liquid oils and paraffins, including: patent specifications, 1881; report to the stockholders of the Company, 1883; correspondence with the Patent Office; correspondence regarding the Company, 1883-1884; prospectus on coal distillation, 1885; and a notebook of minutes from meetings of the Company, 1881-1883.

Also included is material relating to Wurtz's interest in petroleum distillation, 1884-1885, consisting of newsclippings, contracts, proofs and gallerys of prospectus, and correspondence with perspective investors. Also, correspondence with A.R. Leeds and F.W. Clarke and other chemists regarding Wurtz's desire to find a new assistant; "The Book of Inventions, made by Henry Wurtz from about 1850, Compilation and Arrangement, from Scattered Notes, Commenced in September 1861, by H.W."; a copy of a letter to Joseph Henry from Wurtz relating to warlike inventions, November 9, 1861; photographs of Wurtz family; certificate of membership in the Whig Society at the College of New Jersey (later, Princeton), 1848; and scientific instruments catalogues, 1882-1884.
Arrangement:
Divided into six series: (1) Union Chemical Manufacturing Company, 1883-1885; (2) Petroleum Distillation and Miscellaneous Chemical Consulting, 1884-1885; (3) Book of Inventions, 1861; (4) Wurtz Biographical Material and Family Photographs; (5) Publications; (6) Whig Society Certificate, 1848.
Biographical / Historical:
Henry Wurtz (c. 1828-1910), chemist and editor, contributed to both the theory and practice of chemistry. He studied at the College of New Jersey (later Princeton), where his interest in scientific pursuits was awakened by studies under Joseph Henry and John Torrey. Between 1854 and 1856 he was state chemist and geologist of the New Jersey Geological Survey. In 1858 he was appointed professor of chemistry and pharmacy at the National Medical College of Washington, D.C. (later George Washington University). During this connection he served as chemical examiner in the United States Patent Office. In 1861 in New York he opened a private laboratory for general consulting work. During the years 1877-1887 he was engaged in developing processes for increasing the yields of paraffin oils and other by products of the distillation of coal. He devoted the remaining years of his life to his private consulting practice and took out numerous patents relating to the distillation of paraffin hydrocarbons and other chemical products.

Opened a private laboratory in New York for general consulting work, 1861. During 1877-1887 developed processes for increasing yields of paraffin oils and other by-products of coal distillation. Devoted remaining years of his life to private consulting practice and received numerous patents relating to the distillation of paraffin hydrocarbons and other chemical products.
Separated Materials:
2 glass plate negatives removed from collection and held in OIPP library with negative numbers 83-1890 & 83-1891.
Provenance:
Gift of Richard Wurtz (Litchfield, Connecticut).
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Inventions -- United States -- History -- 19th century  Search this
Chemical engineering -- Patents  Search this
Alkylation  Search this
Petroleum, Synthetic  Search this
Coal liquefaction  Search this
Distillation, Fractional  Search this
Genre/Form:
Catalogs -- 1820-1910
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 19th century
Certificates
Notebooks -- 1850-1900
Correspondence -- 19th century
Citation:
Henry Wurtz Papers, 1861-1885, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0006
See more items in:
Henry Wurtz Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0006

Petroleum Distillation and Miscellaneous Chemical Consulting

Author:
Wurtz, Henry, 1828-1910  Search this
Correspondent:
Clark, F.W.  Search this
Leeds, A.R.  Search this
Names:
Wurtz, Henry, 1828-1910  Search this
Collection Author:
Wurtz, Henry, 1828-1910  Search this
Collection Collector:
Physical Sciences, Division of (NMAH, Smithsonian Institution).  Search this
Container:
Box 2
Type:
Archival materials
Catalogs
Contracts
Clippings (information artifacts)
Business cards
Letters (correspondence)
Date:
1884 - 1885
Scope and Contents:
This box contains material relating to Wurtz's interest in petroleum distillation, 1884-1885, and his attempt to market inventions for obtaining lubricants from petroleum distillates. Related material includes: correspondence with prospective investors, proofs and galleys for the prospectus, news clippings on petroleum, and various contracts.

The box also includes correspondence with A.R. Leeds, F.W. Clark and others regarding Wurtz's search for a new assistant, 1881, catalogs for scientific books and instruments, 1880's, and Wurtz's business card.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Distillation, Fractional  Search this
Coal liquefaction  Search this
Petroleum, Synthetic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Catalogs -- 1820-1910
Contracts
clippings (information artifacts)
Business cards
Letters (correspondence) -- 1880-1890
Collection Citation:
Henry Wurtz Papers, 1861-1885, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0006, Series 2
See more items in:
Henry Wurtz Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0006-ref12

Union Chemical Manufacturing Company

Creator:
Wurtz, Henry, 1828-1910  Search this
Union Chemical Manufacturing Company  Search this
Names:
Union Chemical Manufacturing Company  Search this
Collection Author:
Wurtz, Henry, 1828-1910  Search this
Collection Collector:
Physical Sciences, Division of (NMAH, Smithsonian Institution).  Search this
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Minutes
Patents
Date:
1883 - 1885
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Alkylation  Search this
Petroleum, Synthetic  Search this
Fischer-Tropsch process  Search this
Coal liquefaction -- Patents  Search this
Coal  Search this
Chemistry -- 19th century  Search this
Chemical engineering -- Patents  Search this
Distillation, Fractional  Search this
Genre/Form:
Minutes
Patents
Collection Citation:
Henry Wurtz Papers, 1861-1885, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0006, Series 1
See more items in:
Henry Wurtz Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0006-ref11

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