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Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers

Creator:
Fleischman, Lawrence A. (Lawrence Arthur), 1925-1997  Search this
Names:
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Archives of American Art  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
Detroit Institute of Arts  Search this
Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum  Search this
Kennedy Galleries  Search this
Kraushaar Galleries  Search this
M. Knoedler & Co.  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Milwaukee Art Center  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
United States Information Agency  Search this
University of Michigan. Museum of Art  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Allston, Washington, 1779-1843  Search this
Arms, John Taylor, 1887-1953  Search this
Bailey, Grace  Search this
Bailey, Truman E., 1902?-1959  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim, 1893-1967  Search this
Culver, Charles B. (Charles Beach), 1908-1967  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Fleischman, Barbara  Search this
Gentle, Esther, 1900-  Search this
Krentzin, Earl, 1929-  Search this
Marin, John, 1870-1953  Search this
Pollack, Peter, 1909-1978  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Richardson, Constance, 1905-  Search this
Richardson, Edgar Preston, 1902-1985  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham, 1847-1917  Search this
Sellers, Charles Coleman, 1903-  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault, 1894-1972  Search this
Extent:
4.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Typescripts
Photographs
Date:
1837-1984
bulk 1935-1979
Summary:
The papers of art collectors, art patrons, and philanthropists Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman measure 4.9 linear feet and date from 1837 to 1984, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1935-1979. The papers are comprised mostly of correspondence with artists, museums, and arts organizations. Also found are scattered biographical materials, artists' autograph letters purchased by the Fleischmans, exhibition files, notes and writings, printed material, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of art collectors, art patrons, and philanthropists Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman measure 4.9 linear feet and date from 1837 to 1984, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1935-1979. The papers are comprised mostly of correspondence with artists, museums, and arts organizations. Also found are scattered biographical materials, artists' autograph letters purchased by the Fleischmans, exhibition files, notes and writings, printed material, and photographs.

One folder of biographical material includes a biographical account and a certificate of appreciation from the Common Council for the City of Detroit.

The bulk of the collection is comprised of correspondence documenting the Fleischman's art related activities and interests primarily during the 1950s and 1960s. Individual correspondents include Aaron Bohrod, Charles E. Burchfield, Charles B. Culver, Philip Evergood, Earl Krentzin, John Marin, Jr., Abraham Rattner and Esther Gentle, Peter Pollack, Edgar P. and Constance Richardson, Charles Coleman Sellers, and Franklin Watkins. One letter from Charles E. Burchfield includes four etching plates used to create the color print of Hot September Wind.

Arts organizations and galleries represented in the correspondence include the American Federation of Arts, the Archives of American Art, the Arts Commission of the City of Detroit, the Corcoran Gallery of Art, the Detroit Institute of Art, Kennedy Galleries, M. Knoedler and Co., Inc., Kraushaar Galleries, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Midtown Galleries, the Museum of Modern Art, the National Gallery of Art, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the School of the Society of Arts and Crafts, the United States Information Agency, the Whitney Museum of American Art, and the Winterthur Museum.

Autograph letters purchased by the Fleischmans include letters written by artists Washington Allston (addressed to Thomas Sully), Albert Pinkham Ryder, and John Taylor Arms.

Exhibition files document the various exhibitions of art work from the Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman Collection at the University of Michigan Museum of Art; the Detroit Institute of Art; in Central and South America; in Greece, Israel and Russia; and at the Milwaukee Art Center. The files contain letters, notes, printed material, and photographs.

Three folders of notes and writings include "Introduction to Earl Krentzin Catalog" by Lawrence Fleischman and "Selection of Excerpts from the Soviet Press and Radio Attacking U. S. Culture" by unidentified authors.

Scattered printed material includes miscellaneous clippings and catalogs not connected with the Exhibition Files series. There is also a book John Marin: The Man and his Work by E. M. Benson that was autographed by Marin to the Fleischmans in 1953.

Photographs include portrait photographs of Lawrence Fleischman, photographs of Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman with colleagues, of art work from the Fleischman Collection, of Truman and Grace Bailey in their studio, and a copy photograph of Thomas Eakins as a boy.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1958 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1949-1984 (Boxes 1-4, 7; 3.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Autograph Letters, 1837-1942 (Box 4; 4 folders)

Series 4: Exhibition Files, 1953-1960 (Boxes 4-5, 7; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Notes and Writings, 1957-1962 (Box 5; 3 folders)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1935-1969 (Box 5-6; 6 folders)

Series 7: Photographs, 1953-1965 (Box 6; 13 folders)
Biographical / Historical:
Lawrence Fleischman (1925-1997) of New York City was an American art collector, patron, philanthropist, and benefactor. He and his wife, Barbara Greenberg Fleischman, assembled an impressive collection of art and artifacts that they shared with the public as part of their philanthropic activities aimed at fostering a wider appreciation of the arts around the world.

Lawrence Fleischman was born on February 14, 1925 in Detroit, Michigan, the son of Stella and Arthur Fleischman, the owner of a large carpet business. He attended the Western Military Academy in Alton, Illinois, and studied engineering at Purdue University. In 1942, he interrupted his studies to volunteer for service in the U.S. Army during World War II. While serving in France, he met a doctor who further fostered Fleischman's ever growing interest in American art. Following the war, he graduated with a degree in physics from the University of Detroit. Fleischman met Barbara Greenberg in Detroit and they were married in 1948.

Beginning in the late 1940s, Fleischman established a fledgling television station, developed holdings in real estate, and began purchasing art work. Initially the Fleischmans collected undervalued 20th century American art and were friends with several artists, including John Marin, Charles Burchfield, Stuart Davis, and Ben Shahn. They also expanded the scope of their collection to include 19th century American works.

During the 1950s, Lawrence Fleischman realized how there were few American art historians and college departments, as well as a lack of primary source material. Fleischman worked with Edgar P. Richardson, then director of the Detroit Institute of Art, to raise funds and they founded the Archives of American Art at the Detroit Institute of Art in 1954. The Archives of American Art was, and still is, dedicated to the collection, preservation, and study of primary source records that document the history of the visual arts in the United States. Lawrence A. Fleischman is a founding Trustee of the AAA and served as the Chairman of the Board from 1958 to 1966. His wife, Barbara joined the Board of Trustees in 1997 and served as Chair from 2003 to 2007. She is a Trustee Emerita.

Lawrence Fleischman's business and philanthropic interests included the Arthur Fleischman Carpet Company, the Lee Plaza Hotel-Motel in Detroit, Art Adventurers, the Art School of the Society of Arts and Crafts in Detroit, the Friends of the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, the Cultural Committee of the United States Information Agency, and the Art Commission of Detroit, which governed the Detroit Institute of Art. He also served as an officer of the Board for many of the arts-related organizations.

In 1996, the Fleischmans moved their family from Detroit to New York City, where Lawrence Fleischman became a partner in the Kennedy Galleries.

The Fleischmans philanthropic activities include generous support of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Detroit Institute of Art, the Cleveland Museum, the British Museum, the Vatican Museum, and lifelong support of the Archives of American Art.

Lawrence Fleischman died on January 31, 1997 in London, England. Barbara Fleischman lives in New York City and continues to be an active supporter of the visual arts.
Related Materials:
Among the Archives holdings are two oral history interviews with Lawrence A. Fleischman. The first was conducted by Paul Cummings in 1970 and the second conducted by Gail Stavitsky in 1994 . Both interviews have transcripts available.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming, the majority of which was later donated, except for five letters on reel D197. These include one postcard from Constance Richardson, 1956; one letter from Constance Richardson, 1957; one letter from Franklin Watkins, 1955; one letter from Lawrence Fleischman to Wilbur H. Hunter, 1960; and one letter from Richard D. Tucker, 1960. This material remains with lender and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers were donated in several accretions by Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman from 1954 to 2007. Letters were also loaned for microfilming in 1965, but nearly all of them were subsequently donated.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Art patrons Michigan Detroit  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Philanthropists  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- United States  Search this
Painters -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Typescripts
Photographs
Citation:
Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman Papers, 1837-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.fleilawr
See more items in:
Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-fleilawr
Additional Online Media:

Leroy Ireland research material on George Inness

Creator:
Ireland, Leroy, 1889-1970  Search this
Names:
Inness, George, 1825-1894  Search this
Extent:
2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1916-2007
bulk 1960-1971
Summary:
Art dealer Leroy Ireland's research material on George Inness measures 2.0 linear feet and dates from 1916 to 2007, with the bulk of the material dating from 1960 to 1971. The collection documents Ireland's research for his book The Works of George Inness: An Illustrated Catalogue Raisonne through correspondence, research files, and photographs of artwork.
Scope and Content Note:
Art dealer Leroy Ireland's research material on George Inness measures 2.0 linear feet and dates from 1916 to 2007, with the bulk of the material dating from 1960 to 1971. The collection documents Ireland's research for his book The Works of George Inness: An Illustrated Catalogue Raisonne through correspondence, research files, and photographs of artwork.

Leroy Ireland's correspondence is with museums, galleries, private collectors, universities, and others regarding paintings by George Inness and works attributed to him. The bulk of the correspondence dates from 1960 to 1969 during the period that Ireland was working on the catalogue raisonne. Scattered research files include a notebook, notes, and lists of works; photographs, letters, and documents regarding Inness which were received by Mrs. Ireland after Leroy Ireland's death; exhibition catalogs and other printed material. Also found are two copies of letters written by Inness. Photographs depict paintings by George Inness, paintings attributed to Inness but determined to be fakes, and paintings by other artists.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 3 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1916-2007 (Box 1-2; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Research Files Regarding George Inness, 1925-1973 (Box 2; 7 folders)

Series 3: Photographs, circa 1919-1972 (Box 2; 0.3 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Leroy Ireland (1889-1970) was an art dealer and painter in New York and Philadelphia. Ireland is best know for his research on the works of landscape painter George Inness (1825-1894), culminating in a catalogue raisonne of his work.

Ireland began his career as a painter, studying with Thomas Eakins at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and exhibiting in many shows during the 1920s. He moved to New York and became an art dealer and appraiser. During that time he also studied and became an expert in the work of George Inness, specializing in the authentication of works held by galleries, museums, and private collectors. After nearly 30 years of research, his book The Works of George Inness: An Illustrated Catalogue Raisonne was published by the University of Texas Press in 1965.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming. Reels 992-996 contain an extensive photograph file of Inness paintings, correspondence, notes on and descriptions of art, sales records of Inness's works, ownership records of paintings, information about questionable attributions, exhibition catalogs and, miscellany. These materials were returned to the Chapellier Galleries in New York City. Reels 2824-2825 include twelve scrapbooks compiled by Ireland and contain circa 3,000 photographs of Inness paintings. The scrapbooks can now be found in the Fine Arts Library, University of Texas at Austin. Lent materials on microfilm are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Leroy Ireland research material on George Inness were given to the Archives of American Art in several different accessions. First, Leroy Ireland donated two letters and photographs of artwork in 1963-1964. In 1975, Chapellier Galleries in New York City, who had acquired papers from Ireland's estate, lent additional Leroy Ireland research material regarding George Inness for microfilming. In 1983, twelve scrapbooks compiled by Ireland were lent by Archer Huntington Art Gallery of the University of Texas at Austin for microfilming. Mrs. Leroy Ireland donated the remainder of the papers in 1993 via executor Irene Chapellier Little and in 2010 by the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania who received the collection from John Frisk, a friend of Ireland.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Leroy Ireland research material on George Inness is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Art dealers -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Art historians -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Landscape painting  Search this
Landscape painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 19th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Leroy Ireland research material on George Inness, 1916-2007, bulk 1960-1971. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.irellero
See more items in:
Leroy Ireland research material on George Inness
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-irellero

Keffer-Blythe family papers relating to David Gilmour Blythe, Julia Keffer Blythe and their family, [ca. 1930-1938]

Creator:
Keffer-Blythe family  Search this
Subject:
Blythe, Julia Keffer  Search this
Blythe, David Gilmour  Search this
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6748
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208873
AAA_collcode_keffkeff
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208873

Rembrandt and Harriet Peale collection

Creator:
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Names:
Peale, Harriet Cany, ca. 1800-1869  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860 (Court of death)  Search this
Washington, George, 1732-1799  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Drawings
Date:
circa 1820-1932
Summary:
This collection of papers measures 0.2 linear feet, dates from circa 1820-1932, and provides scattered documentation of the lives of painter Rembrandt Peale and his wife Harriet. There are seven letters from Peale which discuss his Patriae Pater portrait of George Washington and his subsequent attempts to gain a commission from Congress for his equestrian portrait of the first president, as well as illuminating his opinion on patronage for the arts. The collection also contains a copy of Peale's lecture on "Washington and his Portraits," a page with drawings of Roman coins by Peale, two codicils to Harriet Peale's will, printed material including a pamphlet for Peale's The Court of Death and a catalog of sale for Harriet Peale's estate, and photographs of Rembrandt and Harriet Peale.
Scope and Content Note:
This collection of papers measures 0.2 linear feet, dates from circa 1820-1932, and provides scattered documentation of the lives of painter Rembrandt Peale and his wife Harriet. The papers contain seven letters from Peale to various individuals, including Massachusetts senator Elijah Hunt Mills, that document his attempts to seek recognition and recompense from Congress for his portraits of George Washington and illuminate his opinions on patronage of the arts. Also found here is a copy of Peale's lecture on "Washington and his Portraits," and legal papers consisting of two codicils to Harriet Peale's will which list the disposition of Rembrandt Peale paintings in her possession. There is a page with drawings of Roman coins by Peale, printed material including a pamphlet for Peale's popular allegorical painting The Court of Death, and a catalog of sale for Harriet Peale's estate. Photographs picture Rembrandt and Harriet Peale respectively, circa 1850.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as one series.
Biographical Note:
Rembrandt Peale (1778-1860) was born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and was the second son of painter Charles Willson Peale. He was known primarily for his historical paintings and portraits, particularly those of George Washington. Peale painted his first Washington portrait in 1795 at the age of 17, in a sitting arranged by his father. From 1795-1800 he traveled in Maryland and the South painting portraits, and from 1801-1803 studied with Benjamin West in London.

Peale returned to Europe from l808 to l8l0, and spent most of his time in Paris where he was inspired to take up historical painting. From 1813-1822 he lived in Baltimore where, in 1814, he established a museum for paintings and natural history that later became known as the Peale Museum. Peale's most famous allegorical painting, Court of Death, was completed in 1820 and was one of the most popular paintings of the decade.

In 1822 Peale moved to New York City where he embarked on an attempt to paint what he hoped would become the "Standard likeness" of Washington. In the process he reviewed portraits by other artists including John Trumbull, Gilbert Stuart and his father, as well as his own 1795 picture which had never truly satisfied him. His resulting Patriae Pater, completed in 1824, depicts Washington through an oval window, and is considered by many to be second only to Gilbert Stuart's iconic Athenaeum painting of the first president. Peale subsequently attempted to capitalise on the success of what quickly became known as his "Porthole" picture, collecting tesimonials praising the portrait from people who had known the president, and lobbying Congress, in vain, for a commission to paint an equestrian portrait of Washington. Despite his failure to gain such a commission, "Patriae Pater" was purchased by Congress in 1832 and still hangs in the U.S. Capitol.

Peale subsequently produced over 70 replicas of the "porthole" picture and in the late 1850s delivered a series of lecture entitled "Washington and his Portraits" along the East coast. He was also an accomplished writer and lecturer on natural history, and was among the founders of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, a president of the American Academy, and a founder of the National Academy.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are the following collections relating to Rembrandt Peale: the Albert Duveen collection of artists' letters and ephemera, 1808-1910, includes an 1855 September 8 letter from Rembrandt Peale to an unidentifed person, available on 35 mm microfilm reel D9 (frames 848-850); Printed material relating to Rembrandt Peale, 1830-1862, lent for microfilming by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania in 1855, is available on microfilm reel P29; and the Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1912, contains a lithograph by Peale available on 35mm microfilm reel D5 (frame 103).
Provenance:
In 1960, Lawrence A. Fleischman donated one letter. Six items were donated by Charles E. Feinberg in 1962. An additional 35 items were transferred from the National Collection of Fine Arts Library to the Archives in 1979.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Rembrandt and Harriet Peale collection is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 19th century  Search this
Portrait painting, American  Search this
Coins, Roman  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Drawings
Citation:
Rembrandt and Harriet Peale collection, circa 1820-1932. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.pealremb
See more items in:
Rembrandt and Harriet Peale collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pealremb
Additional Online Media:

Julia Keffer Blythe autograph book, [ca. 1844-1848]

Creator:
Blythe, Julia Keffer  Search this
Subject:
Blythe, David Gilmour  Search this
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6747
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208872
AAA_collcode_blytjuli
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Ephemera, Miscellany, and General Art Related
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208872

Charles Henry Turner papers

Creator:
Turner, Charles Henry, 1848-1908  Search this
Names:
Carlsen, Emil, 1853-1932  Search this
Garrett, Edmund H. (Edmund Henry), 1853-1929  Search this
Lesrel, Adolphe Alexandre  Search this
Murray, Henry -- Art of painting and drawing in coloured crayons  Search this
Extent:
0.54 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Drawings
Works of art
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Date:
1875-circa 1973
bulk circa 1890-circa 1910
Summary:
The papers of Massachusetts and New Hampshire painter and printmaker Charles Henry Turner, measure 0.54 linear feet and date from 1875-circa 1973, with the bulk of the material dating from circa 1890-circa 1910. The collection includes an auction catalog and a price list of Turner's paintings, biographical material, five letters, artwork, miscellaneous printed material, photographs of Turner, his studio, European travel, and artwork, and two glass plate negatives.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Massachusetts and New Hampshire painter and printmaker Charles Henry Turner, measure 0.54 linear feet and date from 1875-circa 1973, with the bulk of the material dating from circa 1890-circa 1910. The collection includes an auction catalog and a price list of Turner's paintings, biographical material, five letters, artwork, miscellaneous printed material, photographs of Turner, his studio, European travel, and artwork, and two glass plate negatives.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as one series.

Series 1: Charles Henry Turner Papers, 1875-circa 1973 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1, OV 2, MGP 1-2)
Biographical / Historical:
Massachusetts and New Hampshire painter and printmaker Charles Henry Turner (1848-1908) was known for his landscapes, portraits, illustrations, and genre scenes. Born in Newburyport, Massachusetts, Turner studied under Otto Grundmann at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts School in the late 1870s. He studied in Europe in the 1880s, before returning to Boston, where he had a studio above his home on Mount Vernon Street.

Turner established a summer home in the White Mountains of New Hampshire and built a studio resembling a Swiss chalet on a hillside in Jackson, where he and his family spent many summers.

Turner was a member of the Unity Art Club and served as president of the Boston Art Club, where his work was exhibited many times. His work was also exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.
Separated Materials:
Also in the Archives of American Art is material lent for microfilming (reel 4781) including drawings, a watercolor by Turner, and two charcoal landscapes by Edmund H. Garrett and [Emil?] Carlsen. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art by G. Frances Souther, granddaughter of Turner, in 1973 and 1979. The artworks on reel 4781 were lent for microfilming in 1993 by Robert and Connie Rosen, antiques dealers, who purchased the material at auction. The drawings may have come from Miss Souther's estate.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Rights:
The Charles Henry Turner papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Artists' studios -- France -- Paris -- Photographs  Search this
Artists' studios -- New Hampsire -- Jackson -- Photographs  Search this
Artists' studios -- Pictorial works  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 19th century  Search this
Etching -- 19th century  Search this
Etchers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Drawings
Works of art
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Citation:
Charles Henry Turner papers, 1875-circa 1973, bulk 1890-1910. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.turnchar
See more items in:
Charles Henry Turner papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-turnchar
Additional Online Media:

Russell, Xanthus, and Mary Smith family papers

Creator:
Smith family (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Names:
Smith, Mary Priscilla, 1819-1874  Search this
Smith, Mary Russell, 1842-1878  Search this
Smith, Russell, 1812-1896  Search this
Smith, Xanthus, 1839-1929  Search this
Extent:
5.12 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Sketchbooks
Writings
Scrapbooks
Tintypes
Drawings
Daguerreotypes
Ambrotypes
Photographs
Sketches
Date:
1793-1977
bulk 1826-1977
Summary:
The Russell, Xanthus, and Mary Smith family papers comprise 5.12 linear feet and are dated 1793-1977, bulk 1826-1977. Correspondence, writings, artwork, financial records, printed material, miscellaneous items and photographs provide documentation of the lives and works of painter, illustrator and poet, Russell Smith, and his son, painter Xanthus Smith, and scattered documentation of the lives of his wife, painter and educator Mary Priscilla Smith, and daughter and painter Mary Russell Smith.
Scope and Content Note:
The Russell, Xanthus, and Mary Smith family papers comprise 5.12 linear feet and are dated 1793-1977, bulk 1826-1977. Correspondence, writings, artwork, financial records, printed material, miscellaneous items and photographs provide documentation of the lives and works of painter, illustrator and poet, Russell Smith, and his son, painter Xanthus Smith, and scattered documentation of the lives of his wife, painter and educator Mary Priscilla Smith, and daughter and painter Mary Russell Smith.

Family papers include correspondence, writings, printed material, and miscellaneous items. Correspondence, the bulk of which is comprised of letters to and from Russell and Xanthus Smith, covers both personal and professional matters. Among the correspondents are family, friends, colleagues, and arts organizations. Writings, printed material, and miscellaneous items in this series refer either to the entire Smith family or multiple individuals. Miscellaneous items also concern Horace Binder, father-in-law of Xanthus Smith.

The Russell Smith papers are comprised of biographical information, writings, artwork, and financial records. Biographical information includes some personal documents such as passports and marriage certificates. Among Russell Smith's writings are an autobiography, transcripts of correspondence, and notes. Artwork consists of loose pages and sketch books containing sketches and drawings in pencil, ink, and watercolor. His financial records are cash books recording professional and personal expenses, and receipts and memorabilia from the family's 1851-1852 travels in Europe. The printed material consists of loose clippings and a scrapbook of clippings from Philadelphia newspapers, as well as a small number of exhibition catalogs.

The Xanthus Smith papers consist of biographical information, artwork, financial records, and printed material. Among the writings are his unpublished autobiography, biographies of his father and sister, impressions of the Centennial art exhibition, journals, notes, and poems. Artwork consists of loose sketches in pencil and ink, and sketchbooks containing sketches and finished drawings in pencil and ink, some colored with gouache or watercolor washes. Financial records are cash books recording personal and professional expenses. Printed material includes clippings and a scrapbook.

The Mary Smith papers consist of writings, sketches, and printed material. The papers of her mother, Mary Priscilla Smith, are comprised of writings and printed material.

Photographs are of people, artwork, and miscellaneous subjects. People represented are Russell and Mary Priscilla Smith, their children Xanthus and Mary Smith, and several other relatives including Xanthus's wife and Russell's sister, granddaughter, and uncle. Photographs include ambrotypes, daguerreotypes, and tintypes, along with glass negatives and a small number of original prints. Copy prints have been produced from the glass negatives and other cased photographs. Photographs of artwork are of paintings by Russell Smith, Xanthus Smith, and other artists.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series:

Series 1: Smith Family Papers, 1793-1977 (Box 1; 0.9 linear ft.)

Series 2: Russell Smith Papers, 1805-1954 (Boxes 1-2; 1.2 linear ft.)

Series 3: Xanthus Smith Papers, 1850-1953 (Boxes 3-4; 1.9 linear ft.)

Series 4: Mary Smith Papers, 1852-1877 (Box 5; 4 folders)

Series 5: Mary Priscilla Smith Papers, 1839-1874 (21 folders)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1845-1934 (Box 6-7, MGP 3, Black Cabinet; 0.9 linear ft.)

Microfilm reel numbers and frames are referenced at folder headings in parenthesis when known. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.
Biographical Note:
Russell Smith (1812-1896) was a native of Glasgow, Scotland whose family came to the United States in 1819 and settled near Pittsburgh. The Smith children were educated at home, and Russell showed an early interest in art. His first formal training in portraiture and landscape painting was in Pittsburgh under James Reid Lambdin. Around 1827, Smith began painting backdrops for theaters and within 6 years had achieved a national reputation for his theatrical painting. In 1835 he moved to Philadelphia to paint for the Walnut Street Theater, and soon received commissions to paint for theaters in Boston and Washington. Around this time, he also began writing poetry. Even while engaged in theatrical work, Smith continued to paint landscapes which were exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and the Artists' Fund Society of Philadelphia as early as 1834.

Russell Smith married Mary Priscilla Wilson, a flower painter and teacher of French and drawing, in 1838. By the 1840s, in addition to painting landscapes and theatrical backdrops, Smith was advertising his services as an "illustrator for lectures on various branches of natural science painted in distemper." He accompanied the scientific expeditions of geologists William Barton Rogers and Henry Darwin Rogers to Virginia and the Susquehanna and Juniata River valleys of Pennsylvania in 1844 and 1845 as an illustrator. During this period, Smith also traveled extensively in New Hampshire and upstate New York for summer painting expeditions. The Smiths traveled to Europe with their two children in 1851-1852, touring Wales, Scotland, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherlands, London, and Paris. Smith visited major museums and private collections, as well as architectural attractions, making sketches and keeping detailed notes of the trip.

Smith continued painting landscapes well into old age, even though his long out of fashion works were rejected with increasing frequency by the juries of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. He died in 1896.

Born in Milestown, Pennsylvania in 1819, Mary Priscilla Smith (1819-1874) studied at a female seminary in Germantown, Pennsylvania operated by noted educator William Russell (Russell Smith's uncle) in Germantown, Pennsylvania, and at Charles Picot's school in Philadelphia. She eventually became a teacher of French, drawing, and painting at the Picot school, and later taught at a school established by William Russell in Philadelphia.

At her husband's urging, Mary Priscilla Smith, already an accomplished flower painter, began painting figures and landscapes, and participated in exhibitions of the Artists' Fund Society exhibitions. After becoming a mother, she painted very little but taught her children, Xanthus and Mary, to draw and paint. Mary Priscilla Smith died in 1874.

Xanthus Smith (1839-1929) was born in Philadelphia and was educated at home. During the family's European tour of 1851-1852 he saw a wide variety of art and, upon returning home, began painting with enthusiasm. Around 1858 he enrolled in a cast drawing class at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.

At the start of the Civil War Xanthus Smith enlisted in the Navy, where he served as clerk to the commander of a flagship guarding Port Royal, South Carolina. He began producing detailed drawings of the ships both for official purposes and his own enjoyment. After the war, he continued painting ships and exhibited many of these paintings at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Further commissions of Civil War subjects followed, and Xanthus Smith was soon recognized as the foremost painter of Civil War naval battle scenes.

In the 1880s, Xanthus Smith began painting European landscapes, probably based on his father's sketches made during their 1851-1852 tour of Europe. By the 1900s, he was concentrating on portraiture and figure subjects, and continued painting well into old age. His final years were spent in an unsuccessful attempt to publish his autobiography, "An Unvarnished Tale." Xanthus Smith died in 1929.

Mary Russell Smith (1842-1878) was born near Jenkintown, Pennsylvania. Her mother provided her with instruction in flower painting and she sketched animals and insects independently. At age fourteen Mary Smith completed her first oil painting and by 1858 had begun compiling a list of her completed pictures. She was encouraged by her parents to pursue a career as a professional artist. From 1859-1869, and in 1876 and 1878, Mary Smith exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. She also participated in exhibitions at the National Academy of Design in New York, and in the 1876 Centennial Exhibition held in Philadelphia.

From early childhood, Mary Smith enjoyed raising poultry, and chickens became her favorite painting subject. Her paintings of chickens were popular with Philadelphia art collectors, and sought after in England.

Always sickly, Mary Smith died of gastric fever in 1878. At her request, Russell Smith established the Mary Smith Prize, awarded annually by the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, for the best painting exhibited by a woman resident of Philadelphia.
Provenance:
The Smith family papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in 1978 and 1979 by Franklin R. Smith, a family descendent.
Restrictions:
The collection is partially microfilmed. Use of material not microfilmed requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Smith family papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 19th century -- Pensylvania  Search this
Landscape painting  Search this
Women painters -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Illustrators -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Poets -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Writings
Scrapbooks
Tintypes
Drawings
Daguerreotypes
Ambrotypes
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
Smith family papers, 1793-1977, bulk 1826-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.smitfami
See more items in:
Russell, Xanthus, and Mary Smith family papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-smitfami
Additional Online Media:

Rupert Scott Lovejoy papers

Creator:
Lovejoy, Rupert Scott, 1885-1975  Search this
Names:
Brush'uns  Search this
Griffin, Edward Souther  Search this
Griffin, Walter, 1861-1935  Search this
Extent:
0.58 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Impressionism (art)
Exhibition catalogs
Photographs
Date:
1904-1979
Summary:
The papers of Portland, Maine, dentist and painter Rupert Scott Lovejoy, measure 0.58 linear feet and date from 1904-1979. The collection includes biographical material, letters and sketches from painter Walter Griffin, research material on Griffin collected by Lovejoy, printed material including exhibition catalogs for Lovejoy's exhibitions, two portrait reliefs of Walter Griffin and Edward Souther Griffin, and photographs and nine glass plate negatives of Walter Griffin and his home in Stroudwater, Maine.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Portland, Maine, dentist and painter Rupert Scott Lovejoy, measure 0.58 linear feet and date from 1904-1979. The collection includes biographical material, letters and sketches from painter Walter Griffin, research material on Griffin collected by Lovejoy, printed material including exhibition catalogs for Lovejoy's exhibitions, two portrait reliefs of Walter Griffin and Edward Souther Griffin, and photographs and nine glass plate negatives of Walter Griffin and his home in Stroudwater, Maine.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as one series.

Series 1: Rupert Scott Lovejoy Papers, 1904-1979 (0.4 linear feet; Box 1, MGP 1-2, 4)
Biographical / Historical:
Portland, Maine, dentist and painter Rupert Scott Lovejoy (1885-1975), learned from impressionist painter Walter Griffin and was known for his landscapes in oil and watercolor.

As a boy, Lovejoy's interest in art was encouraged by his mother, and he continued to pursue painting in evening classes at the Portland Art School after graduating from Tufts University Dental School in 1909, and setting up a dental practice in Portland.

While receiving dental treatment from Lovejoy in 1915, artist Walter Griffin noticed Lovejoy's artwork displayed on the walls of his office. Griffin took an interest in Lovejoy's evident talent and encouraged Lovejoy to accompany him on painting trips in Maine and to his home in Stroudwater. Lovejoy subsequently observed and learned from Griffin while simultaneously developing his own style. Eventually devoting himself to painting full time, Lovejoy had considerable success with his impressionistic watercolors and oils. His work was exhibited regularly in Maine, as well as at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the Baltimore Museum of Art, Bowdoin College, and other museums, and can be found in the permanent collections of the Colby College Museum of Art, the Portland Museum of Art, and The Hunter Museum of Art.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel 1405) including research notes and writings by Rupert Scott Lovejoy on Walter Griffin, clippings, and exhibition catalogs. Lent materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Myrtle E. Lovejoy, Rupert Scott Lovejoy's wife, lent the Archives of American Art material for microfilming and donated papers in September 1978 and in 1979.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Rights:
The Rupert Scott Lovejoy papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Figureheads of ships  Search this
Painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Impressionism (art) -- 19th century
Exhibition catalogs
Photographs
Citation:
Rupert Scott Lovejoy papers, 1904-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.loverupe
See more items in:
Rupert Scott Lovejoy papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-loverupe
Additional Online Media:

A timeless perfection : American figurative sculpture in the classical spirit : gifts from Dr. Michael L. Nieland to The Westmoreland Museum of American Art / editor: Alan Axelrod ; project manager: Barbara L. Jones

Editor:
Axelrod, Alan 1952-  Search this
Curator:
Jones, Barbara L.  Search this
Host institution:
Westmoreland Museum of American Art  Search this
Subject:
Nieland, Michael L Art collections  Search this
Westmoreland Museum of American Art  Search this
Physical description:
252 pages : color illustrations, photographs ; 26 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Essays
Photobooks
Date:
2017
21st century
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Sculpture, American  Search this
Human figure in art  Search this
Figure sculpture, American  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1098931

Thomas Eakins letters

Creator:
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Names:
Couture, Thomas, 1815-1879  Search this
Crowell, Frances Eakins, b. 1848  Search this
Crowell, William J.  Search this
Fussell, Charles Lewis, 1840-1909  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon, 1824-1904  Search this
Hallowell, William R.  Search this
Richards, Frederick de Bourg, 1822-1903  Search this
Sartain, William, 1843-1924  Search this
Wallace, J. Laurie (John Laurie)  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Paris (France) -- description and travel
Date:
1866-1934
Summary:
The letters of Thomas Eakins measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1866 to 1934. They primarily document the period between 1866 and 1869 that he spent studying art in Paris, as well as his career as a portrait artist.
Scope and Content Note:
The letters of Thomas Eakins measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1866 to 1934. They primarily document the period between 1866 and 1869 that he spent studying art in Paris, as well as his career as a portrait artist.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection, items are categorized into one series consisting of five folders. Items are arranged chronologically.
Biographical Note:
Realist painter Thomas Eakins was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1844. He was encouraged by his parents to develop his talent in art, and in 1862 he entered the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. Also during this period Eakins developed an interest in anatomy, revealed later in the realistically detailed Gross Clinic, painted in 1875. In 1866 he moved to Paris, where he studied painting with Jean-Léon Gérôme at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts for three years, and briefly with sculptor Augustin-Alexandre Dumont and painter Léon Bonnat. He toured Spain for six months in 1870 and then returned to Philadelphia to become a portrait artist. Eakins began teaching at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and became its director of instruction in 1882. During this period he also met fellow artist Susan MacDowell and they were married in 1884. While at the Academy, he promoted a curriculum based on the study of the human figure, and began using photography as a method of study for his paintings. A dispute over the use of nude models forced Eakins to resign from the Academy in 1886, but he continued painting and exhibiting until his death in 1916.
Provenance:
Letters from Eakins to his family were donated by Dr. Caroline Crowell, daughter of Frances Eakins Crowell, and niece of Thomas Eakins. Other letters were donated in 1962 and 1963 by Irving Levitt and Lawrence Fleischman. Both accessions were microfilmed upon receipt.
Restrictions:
The bulk of the collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not digitized requires an appointment.
Rights:
The letters of Thomas Eakins are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Portrait painting, American  Search this
Portrait painting -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Citation:
Thomas Eakins letters, 1866-1934. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.eakithom
See more items in:
Thomas Eakins letters
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-eakithom
Additional Online Media:

Lure of the artists' colony

Author:
Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery (Pa.)  Search this
Writer of introduction:
Schweigert, Scott  Search this
Issuing body:
Foundation for the Reading Public Museum  Search this
Subject:
Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery (Pa.)  Search this
Physical description:
39 pages : color illustrations ; 23 x 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Place:
United States
Date:
2013
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Artist colonies  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1087675

“This is 9-1-1. What is your emergency?”: A history of raising the alarm

Creator:
National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Lectures
Blog posts
Published Date:
Mon, 12 Feb 2018 21:29:28 +0000
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more posts:
Blog Feed
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_7bd0901599b37baa441526fa15d8322a

Jacob Eichholtz and an artist's construction of middle-class identity in nineteenth-century Lancaster, Pennsylvania / by Thomas R. Ryan

Author:
Ryan, Thomas R  Search this
Eichholtz, Jacob 1776-1842  Search this
Subject:
Eichholtz, Jacob 1776-1842  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 300 leaves : ill., port. 28 cm
Type:
Manuscripts
Place:
Pennsylvania
Lancaster
Date:
2006
2005
19th century
Topic:
Portraits, American  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Call number:
N7593.8.P4 R93 2005a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_801544

The Morans : the artistry of a nineteenth-century family of painter-etchers / Nancy Siegel

Author:
Siegel, Nancy  Search this
Juniata College Museum of Art  Search this
Subject:
Moran family  Search this
Juniata College Museum of Art  Search this
Physical description:
56 p. : col. ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Pennsylvania
Huntingdon
Date:
2001
C2001
19th century
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Etching, American  Search this
Art  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_820383

The worlds of Jacob Eichholtz : portrait painter of the early Republic / edited by Thomas R. Ryan

Author:
Eichholtz, Jacob 1776-1842  Search this
Ryan, Thomas R  Search this
Lancaster County Historical Society (Pa.)  Search this
Subject:
Eichholtz, Jacob 1776-1842  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 178 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Pennsylvania
Date:
2003
C2003
19th century
Topic:
Portraits, American  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Call number:
ND1329.E33 A4 2003
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_731636

American originals : Vivian O. and Meyer P. Potamkin : collectors of American art / contributors, Nicolai Cikovsky ... [et al.] ; editorial supervisor, Cheryl Leibold

Title:
Vivian O. and Meyer P. Potamkin : collectors of American art
Author:
Cikovsky, Nicolai  Search this
Leibold, Cheryl  Search this
Lukehart, Peter M. 1955-  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Subject:
Potamkin, Vivian 1915-2002 Art collections  Search this
Potamkin, Meyer 1909-2001 Art collections  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Physical description:
120 p. : col. ill. ; 31 cm
Type:
Books
In art
Place:
Pennsylvania
Philadelphia
United States
Date:
2004
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Sculpture, American  Search this
Painting  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Call number:
ND210 .A44 2004
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_797901

In private hands : 200 years of American painting / Lynn Marsden-Atlass, Nicoliai Cikovsky, Jr., Robert Rosenblum, contributors ; Kim Sajet, editorial supervisor

Author:
Marsden-Atlass, Lynn D  Search this
Cikovsky, Nicolai  Search this
Rosenblum, Robert  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Physical description:
256 p. : col. ill. ; 32 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
2005
C2005
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_798520

American watercolors at the Pennsylvania Academy of the fine arts / Jonathan P. Binstock, Kathleen A. Foster

Author:
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Binstock, Jonathan P. 1966-  Search this
Foster, Kathleen A  Search this
Subject:
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Physical description:
96 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 23 x 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Pennsylvania
Philadelphia
Date:
2000
C2000
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Watercolor painting, American  Search this
Watercolor painting  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_609122

An endless panorama of beauty : selections from the Jean and Alvin Snowiss' collection of American Art / Joyce Henri Robinson ; with an essay by Leo G. Mazow and contributions by Julia Dolan

Author:
Robinson, Joyce Henri  Search this
Mazow, Leo G  Search this
Dolan, Julia  Search this
Palmer Museum of Art (Pennsylvania State University)  Search this
Subject:
Snowiss, Jean Art collections  Search this
Snowiss, Alvin Art collections  Search this
Physical description:
136 pages : color illustrations ; 30 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
2002
©2002
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Painting--Private collections  Search this
Call number:
ND205 .R63 2002
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_698481

Mirror of America : the developing life of Philadelphia seen in engravings 1801-1876 / Martin P. Snyder

Author:
Snyder, Martin P  Search this
Physical description:
v, 256 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Pennsylvania
Philadelphia
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Date:
1996
19th century
Topic:
Philadelphia (Pa.) in art  Search this
Engraving--Catalogs  Search this
Engraving, American--Catalogs  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
F158.37 .S67m 1996
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_502918

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