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Pedro Martinez Portrait Presentation Ceremony - National Portrait Gallery

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-04-23T01:17:43.000Z
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_eUiQbRBSkjc

Portrait of Sarah Amelia Cooper

Painter:
B. C. Porter, American, 1845–1908  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
portraits
Painting
Object Name:
Painting
Made in:
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Date:
1893
Credit Line:
Bequest of Erskine Hewitt
Accession Number:
1938-57-891
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1938-57-891
Additional Online Media:

Boston, (painting)

Painter:
Brown, Douglas  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor on paper
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
University of Oklahoma Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art 410 West Boyd Street Norman Oklahoma 73019
Topic:
Cityscape--Massachusetts--Boston  Search this
Control number:
IAP 8C430061
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_474971

John Singleton Copley Self-Portrait

Artist:
John Singleton Copley, 3 Jul 1738 - 9 Sep 1815  Search this
Sitter:
John Singleton Copley, 3 Jul 1738 - 9 Sep 1815  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 56.5 diameter x 2.5cm (22 1/4 diameter x 1")
Frame: 81.3 x 81.3 x 14.6cm (32 x 32 x 5 3/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1780-1784
Topic:
Self-portrait  Search this
John Singleton Copley: Male  Search this
John Singleton Copley: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter\Portraitist  Search this
John Singleton Copley: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter\History  Search this
John Singleton Copley: Politics and Government\Loyalist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz Foundation with matching funds from the Smithsonian Institution; Frame conserved with funds from the Smithsonian Women's Committee
Object number:
NPG.77.22
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
American Origins
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 144
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.77.22

Delegate

Published by:
MelPat Associates, American, 1965 - 1986  Search this
Created by:
C. Melvin Patrick, American, died 1985  Search this
Subject of:
United Negro College Fund, American, founded 1944  Search this
Billy Dee Williams, American, born 1937  Search this
National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education, American, founded 1969  Search this
National Urban Affairs Council, American, founded 1971  Search this
National Association of Market Developers, American, founded 1953  Search this
Prince Hall Freemasonry, founded 1784  Search this
Opportunities Industrialization Center of America, Inc., American, founded 1964  Search this
Harold Washington, American, 1922 - 1987  Search this
National Newspaper Publishers Association, American, founded 1827  Search this
Top Ladies of Distinction, Inc., American, founded 1964  Search this
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
Lambda Kappa Mu Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1937  Search this
Iota Phi Lambda Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1929  Search this
Chi Eta Phi Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1932  Search this
National Medical Association, American, founded 1895  Search this
National United Church Ushers Association of America, Inc., American, founded 1919  Search this
Morehouse College, American, founded 1867  Search this
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1906  Search this
Carats, Inc., American, founded 1959  Search this
National Bar Association, American, founded 1925  Search this
National Urban League, American, founded 1910  Search this
African Methodist Episcopal Church, American, founded 1816  Search this
National Association of Negro Business and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc., American, founded 1935  Search this
Shriners International, American, founded 1870  Search this
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, American, founded 1913  Search this
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1911  Search this
National Pharmaceutical Association, American, founded 1947  Search this
National Sorority of Phi Delta Kappa, Inc., American, founded 1906  Search this
One Hundred Black Men, Inc., American, founded 1963  Search this
Arthur Ashe Jr., American, 1943 - 1993  Search this
Association for the Study of African American Life and History, American, founded 1915  Search this
People United to Save Humanity, American, founded 1971  Search this
369th Veterans Association, American  Search this
Eubie Blake, American, 1887 - 1983  Search this
Dance Theatre of Harlem, American, founded 1969  Search this
National Coalition of 100 Black Women, American, founded 1981  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 10 13/16 × 8 7/16 × 1/2 in. (27.5 × 21.4 × 1.3 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place made:
Harlem, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Martha's Vineyard, Oak Bluffs, Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Bahamas, Caribbean, North and Central America
Houston, Harris County, Texas, United States, North and Central America
Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1983
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Business  Search this
Communities  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Fraternities  Search this
Government  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Labor  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Men  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Religious groups  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Sororities  Search this
Travel  Search this
United States--History--1969-2001  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Anne B. Patrick and the family of Hilda E. Stokely
Object number:
2012.167.17
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.167.17
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  • View <I>Delegate</I> digital asset number 1

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Employment

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969  Search this
Extent:
0.29 Cubic feet (consisting of .5 box, 1 folder, 2 oversize folders.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Date:
1855-1960
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Employment forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This material consists primarily of bills/receipts, scattered correspondence on letterhead stationery, printed advertisements, business cards, applicant cards, personal reports, job applications, certificates, fee scales, circulars and pamphlets from businesses offering employment services. Most of the companies are employment agencies. There are also ladies guide and chaperon bureaus, married couples placement services, foreign teachers agencies, student career programs and ticket agencies offering trips to and from Europe.

The employment agencies supplied employers with help for all kinds of occupations including machine workers, stenographers, bookkeepers, cashiers, chefs, cooks, waiters, chambermaids, coachmen, seamstresses, elevator men, iron workers, office boys, shipping clerks, collectors, salesmen, painters, porters and farm-hands. A few of the agencies specialized in just female or student workers. Most tended to be a general employment service and often advertised reliable help in the shortest time possible.

There are a number of publications among these materials including career guides, pamphlets published by the U. S. Department of Labor and some general pamphlets relating to employment. The career guides cover topics such as opportunities for service men in the retail trade, careers for men and women in security and suggestions for students entering the work force.

Pamphlets published by the Women's Bureau of the U. S. Department of Labor examines a number of female workers' concerns. Such labor issues include abolishing discrimination against married women, changes in female occupations during war, old age insurance for household workers, the future of women workers, suggestions for women in professional occupations and differentials in pay for women.

Included among the general publications are three copies of the periodical "Employer and Employed," published quarterly by the Association for the Promotion of Profit Sharing in Boston, Massachusetts. There also are materials which discuss social security.

The bulk of the material is late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Materials are organized by type. Folders one through five contain information from employment agencies. Folders six through ten include general materials relating to employment and folders eleven through seventeen are publications.

For more material on labor issues see the subject category "labor" in the vertical document boxes.
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Employment is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Labor  Search this
Employment  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Employment, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Employment
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Employment
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-employment

Emmet family papers, 1792-1989, bulk, 1851-1989

Creator:
Emmet family  Search this
Subject:
Doyle, Nancy  Search this
Fontanne, Lynn  Search this
Emmet, Julia Colt Pierson  Search this
Quilter, Roger  Search this
Ormond, Violet Sargent  Search this
Casals, Pablo  Search this
Emmet, Robert  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus  Search this
Emmet, Lydia Field  Search this
White, Stanford  Search this
Millay, Edna St. Vincent  Search this
Sherwood, Rosamond  Search this
Sargent, Emily  Search this
MacMonnies, Frederick William  Search this
James, Henry  Search this
Lunt, Alfred  Search this
La Farge, Bancel  Search this
Sherwood, Robert E. (Robert Emmet),  Search this
Sargent, John Singer  Search this
Beaux, Cecilia  Search this
Sherwood, Rosina Emmet  Search this
Monod, Lucien  Search this
Metcalfe, Susy  Search this
Rand, Ellen Emmet  Search this
De Glehn, Jane Erin Emmet  Search this
De Glehn, Wilfrid-Gabriel  Search this
Berkshire Museum  Search this
Danforth Museum  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Diaries
Sound recordings
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Topic:
Art  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Painters  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Portrait painters  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10250
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213367
AAA_collcode_emmefami
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213367
Additional Online Media:

Ralf E. Nickelsen papers, 1929-1993

Creator:
Nickelsen, Ralf E. (Ralf Edgar), 1903-1990  Search this
Subject:
Tracy, Elizabeth  Search this
Newhall, Beaumont  Search this
Works Progress Administration  Search this
Federal art project (Mass.)  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Works of art
Sketches
Topic:
Glass painting and staining  Search this
Artists' preparatory studies  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Artisans  Search this
Stained glass artists  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Muralists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10586
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214062
AAA_collcode_nickralf
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214062

Karl E. Fortess taped interviews with artists, circa 1963-1985

Creator:
Fortess, Karl E. (Karl Eugene), 1907-1993  Search this
Subject:
Penney, James  Search this
Kahn, Wolf  Search this
Sample, Paul Starrett  Search this
Greene, Balcomb  Search this
Avery, Sally Michel  Search this
Thon, William  Search this
Pattison, Abbott Lawrence  Search this
Lockspeiser, Mary  Search this
Held, Al  Search this
Melcarth, Edward  Search this
D'Arcangelo, Allan  Search this
Hudson, Gary Van Voorhees  Search this
Alexander, F. O. (Franklin Osborne)  Search this
Dickinson, Edwin Walter  Search this
Klitgaard, Georgina  Search this
Kupferman, Lawrence Edward  Search this
Motherwell, Robert Burns  Search this
Knaths, Karl  Search this
Palmer, William C. (William Charles)  Search this
Weinberg, Elbert  Search this
Ferber, Herbert  Search this
Prohaska, Ray  Search this
Mandel, Howard  Search this
Adler, Samuel  Search this
Groth, John  Search this
Candell, Victor  Search this
Gross, Chaim  Search this
Leslie, Alfred  Search this
Simon, Sidney  Search this
Callahan, Kenneth L.  Search this
Reich, Murray  Search this
Greenwood, Marion  Search this
Zerbe, Karl  Search this
Baber, Alice  Search this
Schreiber, Georges  Search this
Pittman, Hobson Lafayette  Search this
Brooks, James  Search this
Siporin, Mitchell  Search this
Ossorio, Alfonso A.  Search this
Marantz, Irving  Search this
Moy, Seong  Search this
Boghosian, Varujan  Search this
Kingman, Dong  Search this
Alcalay, Albert  Search this
Burlin, Paul  Search this
Nakian, Reuben  Search this
Cherry, Denny Winters  Search this
Berger, Jason  Search this
Dehner, Dorothy  Search this
Blanch, Arnold  Search this
Engle, Harry  Search this
Rickey, George  Search this
Kallem, Henry  Search this
Sternberg, Harry  Search this
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin)  Search this
Opper, John  Search this
Schwartz, Henry  Search this
De Diego, Julio  Search this
Angeloch, Robert  Search this
Baumbach, Harold  Search this
Manso, Leo  Search this
Orsini, Robert  Search this
Bell, Leland  Search this
Vytlacil, Vaclav  Search this
Laning, Edward  Search this
Jenkins, Paul  Search this
Passlof, Pat (Patricia)  Search this
Wilson, John Woodrow  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart  Search this
Mazur, Michael  Search this
De Kooning, Elaine  Search this
Jules, Mervin  Search this
Mattson, Henry E (Henry Elis)  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Martin, Fletcher  Search this
Parker, Raymond  Search this
Blume, Peter  Search this
Magafan, Ethel  Search this
Picken, George  Search this
Marcus, Marcia  Search this
De Creeft, José  Search this
Murch, Walter Tandy  Search this
Neel, Alice  Search this
Hoener, Arthur  Search this
Gibran, Kahlil  Search this
Solman, Joseph  Search this
Soyer, Isaac  Search this
Yarde, Richard  Search this
Rivers, Larry  Search this
Koch, John  Search this
Kaz, Nathaniel  Search this
Grippe, Peter J.  Search this
Armitage, Kenneth  Search this
Hartigan, Grace  Search this
Eichenberg, Fritz  Search this
Guston, Philip  Search this
Neustadt, Barbara  Search this
Lee, Doris  Search this
Florsheim, Richard A.  Search this
Lipton, Seymour  Search this
Blackburn, Robert Hamilton  Search this
Demetropoulos, Charles  Search this
King, William Dickey  Search this
Romano, Umberto Roberto  Search this
Floch, Joseph  Search this
Harmon, Lily  Search this
Schrag, Karl  Search this
Pachner, William  Search this
Pollet, Joseph C.  Search this
Laderman, Gabriel  Search this
Marsicano, Nicholas  Search this
Sander, Ludwig  Search this
Lechay, James  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Pike, John  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph  Search this
Pineda, Marianna  Search this
Katz, Alex  Search this
Breinin, Raymond  Search this
Morgan, Maud Cabot  Search this
Cherry, Herman  Search this
Gonzalez, Xavier  Search this
Dodd, Lamar  Search this
Weeks, James  Search this
Ernst, Jimmy  Search this
Levine, Jack  Search this
Citron, Minna Wright  Search this
Glaser, Milton  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph  Search this
Lassaw, Ibram  Search this
Cusumano, Stefano  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault  Search this
Dehn, Adolf Arthur  Search this
Fine, Perle  Search this
Laufman, Sidney  Search this
Swan, Barbara  Search this
Chavez, Edward Arcenio  Search this
Stoltenberg, Donald  Search this
Tovish, Harold  Search this
Haeberlin, Carolyn  Search this
Vehara, Carole  Search this
Heliker, John Edward  Search this
Sterne, Hedda  Search this
Summers, Carol  Search this
Kroll, Leon  Search this
Poons, Larry  Search this
Taylor, John  Search this
Crampton, Rollin McNeil  Search this
Morris, Kyle Randolph  Search this
Scarlett, Rolph  Search this
Dobkin, Alexander  Search this
Rosati, James  Search this
Cote, Alan A.  Search this
Baskin, Leonard  Search this
Hurwitz, Sidney  Search this
Nivola, Costantino  Search this
Busa, Peter  Search this
Metcalf, Conger A.  Search this
Preusser, Robert O. (Robert Ormerod)  Search this
Maril, Herman  Search this
Brook, Alexander  Search this
Hopper, Jo N. (Josephine Nivison),  Search this
Toney, Anthony  Search this
Vickrey, Robert  Search this
Muench, John  Search this
Lasker, Joe  Search this
Kaplan, Joseph  Search this
Solomon, Hyde  Search this
Russo, Alexander  Search this
Crawford, Ralston  Search this
Hale, Robert Beverly  Search this
Matsubara, Naoko  Search this
Abeles, Sigmund  Search this
Moffett, Ross E.  Search this
Loew, Michael  Search this
Moss, Ben Frank  Search this
Philipp, Robert  Search this
Townley, Hugh  Search this
Rose, Herman  Search this
Aach, Herbert  Search this
Merkin, Richard  Search this
Frasconi, Antonio  Search this
Lee-Smith, Hughie  Search this
Milton, Peter Winslow  Search this
Bearden, Romare  Search this
Bourgeois, Louise  Search this
Ponce de Leon, Michael  Search this
Pickens, Alton  Search this
Barnet, Will  Search this
Kienbusch, William Austin  Search this
Cox, Jan  Search this
Petrov, Dimitre  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob  Search this
Kay, Reed  Search this
Bromberg, Manuel  Search this
Dodd, Betty  Search this
Woodruff, Hale Aspacio  Search this
Bishop, Isabel  Search this
Christ-Janer, Albert  Search this
Pearlstein, Philip  Search this
Mason, Emily  Search this
Hillsmith, Fannie  Search this
Leiber, Gerson August  Search this
Lewis, Norman  Search this
Polonsky, Arthur  Search this
Golub, Leon  Search this
Bohlen, Nina  Search this
Finkelstein, Louis  Search this
Brandt, Warren  Search this
Peterdi, Gabor  Search this
Birmelin, Robert  Search this
Small, Hannah  Search this
Bolotowsky, Ilya  Search this
Solomon, Syd  Search this
Schwartz, Manfred  Search this
Castellón, Federico  Search this
Plate, Walter  Search this
Soyer, Moses  Search this
Schmidt, Katherine  Search this
Kallem, Herbert  Search this
Blanch, Lucile Lundquist  Search this
Tam, Reuben  Search this
Neuman, Robert S. (Robert Sterling)  Search this
Ruellan, Andrée  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert  Search this
Morris, George L. K. (George Lovett Kingsland)  Search this
White, Charles  Search this
Chaet, Bernard  Search this
Sokole, Miron  Search this
Eshoo, Robert  Search this
Stone, Sylvia  Search this
Refregier, Anton  Search this
Browning, Colleen  Search this
Wilson, Reginald  Search this
Biddle, George  Search this
Kepes, Gyorgy  Search this
Vicente, Esteban  Search this
Chasteen, Ancil  Search this
Margo, Boris  Search this
Freilicher, Jane  Search this
Moller, Hans  Search this
Steffen, Bernard J.  Search this
Gikow, Ruth Levine  Search this
Sievan, Maurice  Search this
Katzman, Herbert  Search this
Resnick, Milton  Search this
Reisman, Philip  Search this
Botkin, Henry  Search this
Wilson, Sol  Search this
Stamos, Theodoros  Search this
Prestopino, Gregorio  Search this
D'Arista, Robert  Search this
Alston, Charles Henry  Search this
Georges, Paul  Search this
Edwards, Ethel  Search this
Graziani, Sante  Search this
Hovannes, John  Search this
Redein, Alex  Search this
Lucioni, Luigi  Search this
Cox, Gardner  Search this
Isenburger, Eric  Search this
Sanders, Joop A.  Search this
Salemme, Lucy  Search this
Andrews, Benny  Search this
Stasik, Andrew  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13399
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216518
AAA_collcode_fortkarl
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216518

Oral history interview with Harold Tovish, 1997 November 13-1998 April 7

Interviewee:
Tovish, Harold, 1921-2008  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
Pineda, Marianna  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Sculptors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12651
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216433
AAA_collcode_tovish97
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216433
Additional Online Media:

Henry Botkin papers, 1917-1979

Creator:
Botkin, Henry, 1896-1983  Search this
Subject:
Gershwin, Ira  Search this
Botkin, Benjamin Albert  Search this
Arlen, Harold  Search this
Von Wicht, John  Search this
Hasegawa, Saburo  Search this
Robus, Hugo  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
Gross, Chaim  Search this
Knaths, Karl  Search this
Laurent, Toinette Botkin  Search this
Motherwell, Robert Burns  Search this
Nevelson, Louise  Search this
Schoenberg, Arnold  Search this
Gershwin, George  Search this
Brice, William  Search this
Godowsky, Frances  Search this
Newman, Barnett  Search this
Mocsanyi, Paul  Search this
Putnam, Wallace  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Brice, Fanny  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Shadbolt, Jack  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
American Abstract Artists  Search this
Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors  Search this
Gallery 256 (Provincetown, Mass.)  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Exhibition catalogs
Topic:
Composers  Search this
Art, Abstract  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7456
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209614
AAA_collcode_botkhenr
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209614

Lawrence Kupferman papers, 1941-1971

Creator:
Kupferman, Lawrence Edward, 1909-1982  Search this
Subject:
Marshall, Joan  Search this
Knaths, Karl  Search this
Levine, Jack  Search this
Bloom, Hyman  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Art and literature  Search this
Etchers  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9176
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211371
AAA_collcode_kupflawr
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211371

James Fitzgerald papers, 1905-1992

Creator:
Fitzgerald, James, 1899-1971  Search this
Subject:
Hubert, Edgar  Search this
Hennig, Calvin  Search this
Kent, Rockwell  Search this
Hubert, Anne  Search this
Type:
Video recordings
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Drawings
Slides (photographs)
Topic:
Monhegan Island (Me.)  Search this
Art  Search this
Marine painters  Search this
Painters  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Artist colonies  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10498
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213922
AAA_collcode_fitzjame
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213922
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Dana Chandler, 1993 March 11-May 5

Interviewee:
Chandler, Dana, 1941-  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
Andrews, Benny  Search this
Tovish, Harold  Search this
Catlett, Elizabeth  Search this
Bearden, Romare  Search this
Mazur, Michael  Search this
Massachusetts College of Art  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston  Search this
African-American Master Artists in Residence Program  Search this
Northeastern University (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Simmons College.Art and Music Dept  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Art teachers  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11499
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215773
AAA_collcode_chandl93
Theme:
African American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215773

American Academy in Rome records

Creator:
American Academy in Rome  Search this
Names:
American Academy in Rome  Search this
American School of Architecture in Rome  Search this
American School of Classical Studies in Rome  Search this
Aldrich, Chester Holmes, 1871-1940  Search this
Boring, William, 1859-1937  Search this
Breck, George, 1863-1920  Search this
Dinsmoor, William B.  Search this
Egbert, J. C. (James Chidester), 1859-1948  Search this
Ely, Theo. N.  Search this
Faulkner, Barry, 1881-1966  Search this
Guernsey, Roscoe  Search this
Hewlett, James Monroe  Search this
Kendall, William M.  Search this
La Farge, C. Grant (Christopher Grant), 1862-1938  Search this
Marquand, Allan, 1853-1924  Search this
McKim, Charles Follen, 1847-1909  Search this
Mead, William Rutherford, 1846-1928  Search this
Millet, Francis Davis, 1846-1912  Search this
Morey, Charles Rufus, 1877-1955  Search this
Mowbray, H. Siddons (Harry Siddons), 1858-1928  Search this
Platt, Charles A. (Charles Adams), 1861-1933  Search this
Pope, John Russell, 1874-1937  Search this
Roberts, Laurance P.  Search this
Smith, James Kellum, 1893-1963  Search this
Stevens, Gorham Phillips, 1876-  Search this
Vedder, Elihu, 1836-1923  Search this
Vitale, Ferrucio, 1875-1933  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Extent:
65.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1855-2012
Summary:
The records of the American Academy in Rome measure 65.9 linear feet and date from 1855 to 2012. The collection documents the history of the institution from its inception in 1894 as the American School of Architecture in Rome, through the end of World War II, and chronicles the contributions the academy has made to America's cultural and intellectual development. Nearly one-half of the collection consists of an unprocessed addition received in 2014 containing records that mostly post-date World War II and include correspondence and subject files of officers and executives based in the New York office of American Academy in Rome.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the American Academy in Rome measure 65.9 linear feet and date from 1855 to 2012. The collection documents the history of the institution from its inception in 1894 as the American School of Architecture in Rome, through the end of World War II, and chronicles the contributions the academy has made to America's cultural and intellectual development. Nearly one-half of the collection consists of an unprocessed addition received in 2014 containing records that mostly post-date World War II and include correspondence and subject files of officers and executives based in the New York office of American Academy in Rome.

Items predating the 1894 founding of the American School of Architecture in Rome are personal papers and memorabilia of individuals associated with the institution.

Series 1: Predecessor Institutions, is composed of the records of the American School of Architecture in Rome, 1894-1898, and the American School of Classical Studies in Rome, 1895-1913. Records of the American School of Architecture in Rome include records of its Managing Committee, correspondence, financial records, and printed matter. Among the Managing Committee's records are notes and correspondence relative to the founding of the institution, minute books and reports; also, legal documents including records concerning its dissolution prior to being reorganized as the American Academy in Rome. Correspondence is mostly that of Vice President Charles F. McKim who handled administrative matters. Financial records include capital stock certificates, invoices and receipts. Printed matter consists of scholarship competition announcements.

Records of the American School of Classical Studies in Rome include records of its Managing Committee, Committee on Fellowships, publications, printed matter, and treasurers' records. The Managing Committee's records consist of the proposed resolution concerning its merger with the American Academy in Rome. Committee on Fellowship records are comprised of correspondence, reports, and fellowship applications. Publications records include correspondence and invoices. Printed matter includes general information, annual reports of the Managing Committee and Director, annual reports of the Committee on Medieval and Renaissance Studies, fellowship applications and examination questions, and the proposed consolidation agreement. Treasurers' records include the files of Alex. Bell and Willard V. King. Bell's sparse records consist of a budget, receipts for salary payments, an invoice, canceled checks, and correspondence. King's files, while more substantial than those that survive from Bell's tenure, are quite incomplete. They include correspondence, banking records, budgets and financial statements, investment records, invoices, and receipts for salaries and expenses.

Series 2: Board of Trustees Records, is comprised of legal documents, minutes, and reports; records of Trustee committees; records of officers; and records of individual Trustees. Legal documents, 1897-1926 and undated, consist of by-laws and amendments, certificate of incorporation, and constitution and amendments. Minutes and reports of the Board of Trustees, 1897-1947 and 1957, including those of its annual meetings, are carbon copies rather than the official minute books, and are incomplete. Reports of officers are incomplete, as well. Also included are reports of Officers'/Trustees' visits to Rome, and reports of the Director and Secretary in Rome submitted to the Board of Trustees.

Records of Trustee committees, 1905-1946 and undated, consist of reports and/or minutes arranged alphabetically by committee; these, too are incomplete, with many committees represented by a single report. Committees represented are: Building Committee, Carter Memorial Committee, Endowment Committee, Executive Committee, Finance Committee, Library Committee, McKim Memorial Committee, Nominating Committee, Committee on Publications. Committee on the School of Classical Studies records consist of its own minutes and reports, reports of its Advisory Council and the Jury on Classical Fellowships. Committee on the School of Classical Studies also include reports of officers and staff of the School of Classical Studies to the Committee on the School of Classical Studies as follows: Director, Professor in Charge, Annual Professor, Director of the Summer Session, Professor of Archaeology, Curator of the Museum, Editor, Librarian, and Committee on the Welfare of Women Students. Committee on the School of Fine Arts records consist of its own minutes and reports, reports of its Special Committee on the Plan and Expense of a Department of Music in the School of Fine Arts, and report of Fine Arts Program, Triptych Project with the Citizens Committee for the Army and Navy, Inc.; also, reports of officers and staff of the School of Fine Arts to the Committee on the School of Fine Arts as follows: Director, Professor in Charge, Associate in Charge, Annual Professor, Professor in Charge of the Department of Musical Composition. In addition, there are minutes and/or reports of the Committee of Twelve and Subcommittee of Five and the Special Committee on Villa Aurelia.

Records of Officers. 1898-1957 and undated, consist mainly of correspondence files and reports, with large numbers of transcriptions and carbon copies. Included are records of: Presidents Charles F. McKim, William R. Mead, Charles A. Platt, John Russell Pope, and James Kellum Smith; Vice Presidents Theodore N. Ely, George B. McClellan, and Henry James; Secretaries H. Siddons Mowbray (Secretary/Treasurer), Frank D. Millet, C. Grant La Farge, William B. Dinsmoor, and H. Richardson Pratt; and Treasurers William R. Mead, William A. Boring, Leon Fraser, and Lindsay Bradford Office files of President Mead, Secretaries Millet and La Farge, and Treasurer Boring are the most complete; files of other individuals, the Vice Presidents in particular, are often quite sparse.

Records of individual Trustees, 1902-1946 and undated, consist of material relating to official Academy business that was created or maintained by each in his capacity as trustee. (Note: many of these individuals also served as officers or staff of the Academy, and their records documenting those functions will be found in the appropriate series.) Included in this subseries are the records of: Chester H. Aldrich, Gilmore D. Clarke, James C. Egbert, Barry Faulkner, Allan C. Johnson, William M. Kendall, C. Grant La Farge, Edward P. Mellon, Charles Dyer Norton, Charles A. Platt, John Russell Pope, Edward K. Rand, John C. Rolfe, James Kellum Smith, S. Breck Trowbridge, Ferruccio Vitale, John Quincy Adams Ward, Andrew F. West, and William L. Westerman. These records tend to be sparse; files maintained by James C. Egbert, Barry Faulkner, Allan C. Johnson, and Ferruccio Vitale are notable exceptions.

Series 3: New York Office Records, consists of records of staff, rosters, printed matter, photographs, personal papers, Association of Alumni of the American Academy in Rome, and miscellaneous records.

Records of staff, 1919-1950 and undated, include the office files of Executive Secretaries Roscoe Guersney, Meriwether Stuart, and Mary T. Williams; Librarian George K. Boyce; and Endowment Fund Campaign Secretaries Phillilps B. Robinson and Edgar I. Williams.

The rosters, 1895-1939 and undated, are printed forms completed by fellows and students, with occasional attachments (usually correspondence or photographs). Included are the rosters of the School of Fine Arts, School of Classical Studies, and School of Classical Studies Summer Sessions.

Printed matter, 1905-[1981?] and undated, has been classified as Academy produced and produced by others. Items produced by the Academy, 1905-[1981?], include general information including act of incorporation and by-laws, fundraising brochure, constitution, Directory of Fellows and Residents, histories of the institution, newsletter of the Director, and printed items relating to special events. Printed matter specifically relating to the School of Classical Studies includes annual announcements, the consolidation agreement, a directory, fellowship announcements and applications, lecture announcements, newsletters, and brochures about summer sessions. School of Fine Arts printed matter includes annual announcements, concert programs, exhibition checklists and catalogs, fellowship announcements and application forms, history, and newsletters.

Printed matter produced by others, 1905-1940 and undated, consists of three scrapbooks of news clippings and photographs compiled by the American Academy in Rome, extensive clipping files, and articles from miscellaneous publications. All of these items are about the American Academy in Rome, or by or about individuals associated with the institution. Also included is a poster for Leave Courses offered at the Academy for U. S. servicemen.

Photographs, 1891-1941 and undated, are organized into the categories of works of art, people, buildings, places, events, and miscellaneous. Works of art are by visiting students and fellows, Frank D. Millet, collaborative problems, Rome Prize Competitions in Architecture, Rome Prize Competitions in Landscape Architecture, and Prix de Rome Competition exhibitions. Photographs of people are both of individuals and groups; among the groups are summer school students and fellowship winners.

Buildings depicted are American Academy properties. Among them are the "New Building," including interior and exterior construction views; studios; and Villas Aurelia, Mirafiore, and Richardson. Also included is a group of photographs of Academy architecture students measuring buildings in Rome and Florence. Places pictured are views of the Academy property and surrounding areas.

Photographs of events include cricket games, Thanksgiving and Fourth of July dinners, Architectural League exhibition, and inauguration of the Manship Fountain. Miscellaneous photographs are of an architectural drawing for a proposed building.

Personal Papers, Memorabilia, and Ephemera, 1855-1923 an undated, were donated to the American Academy in Rome or otherwise left on its premises. None are official records generated by the institution. Included are: Ernest Lewis' photograph album/scrapbook; Allan Marquand's papers; Charles F. McKim's memorabilia, photographs, printed matter, and artifacts; Charles R. Morey's correspondence; and Elihu Vedder's Bible.

Records of the Association of the Alumni of the American Academy in Rome, 1913-1945 and undated), consist of a small number of scattered records including correspondence, fellows' war/government service information (compiled by Sidney Waugh), membership lists, and a newsletter.

Miscellaneous records, 1899-1926 and undated, are writings and architectural records. Writings consist of published and unpublished manuscript material about the American Academy in Rome and its history, and article by H. Siddons Mowbray advising on ornamentation, and text and illustrations for the Art and Archaeology issue on the Academy. Also included are fragments of unidentified letters. Architectural records [oversize] include property and floor plans of Villas Aurora, Chiaraviglio, Ferrari, and Ludovisi.

Series 4: Rome Office Records, consist of records of staff and personal papers. Records of staff, 1903-1947 and undated, include the office files of Directors H. Siddons Mowbray, George Breck, Jesse Benedict Carter, Gorham Phillips Stevens, James Monroe Hewlett, Chester H. Aldrich, Amey Aldrich [Acting Director, very briefly, perhaps unofficially], Charles R. Morey, and Laurance P. Roberts; and records of two members of the School of Fine Arts faculty, Frank P. Fairbanks, Professor of Fine Arts, and Felix Lamond, Professor of Music. Records of Carter, Stevens, Hewlett, and Aldrich appear to be fairly complete; records of early directors are sparse; those of Morey and Roberts appear to be missing significant portions; and those of Professors Fairbanks and Lamond consist of a few scattered items.

Also surviving are the personal papers of Director Gorham Phillips Stevens, 1912-1931 and undated), consisting of correspondence, financial records, and documentation of professional and charitable activities.

Series 5: Unprocessed Addition to the American Academy in Rome Records was received in 2014 and consists of 31.6 linear feet of the New York office's records for officers, directors, and executives.
Arrangement:
It was obvious that before they came to the Archives of American Art the records had been rearranged more than once, and in such a way that materials from many different departments had been intermingled. In keeping with archival theory and practice, the records were organized to reflect the structure and operation of the institution that created the records, making them more understandable and accessible to a wide variety of researchers.

In general, the records of each officer and staff member are arranged alphabetically, with general correspondence preceding the alphabetical sequence; arrangement within each file is chronological, unless noted otherwise.

Records of the American Academy in Rome are organized into five major series. Each series, except series 5, is divided into several subseries, with the arrangement described in detail in the series descriptions.

Series 1: Predecessor Institutions, 1894-1913 (box 1; 0.88 linear ft.; Reels 5749-5750)

Series 2: Board of Trustees Records, 1897-1957, undated (boxes 1-17, 35, 37; 15.25 linear ft.; Reels 5750-5777)

Series 3: New York Office, 1855-circa 1981, undated (boxes 17-32, 36; 15 linear ft.; 5777-5795)

Series 4: Rome Office, 1903-1943, undated (boxes 32-34; 3 linear ft.; 5795-5800)

Series 5: Unprocessed Addition to the American Academy in Rome Records, 1933-2002 (boxes 35-103; 31.6 linear ft.)
Historical Note:
While in Chicago to advise and work on the fine arts section of the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, architects Charles F. McKim, Daniel Burnham, and Richard Howland Hunt, painters John La Farge and Frank Millet, and sculptors Augustus Saint-Gaudens, and Daniel Chester French, among others, met regularly. From their collaborative experience and discussions came the idea for an American school for artists in Europe. Charles F. McKim was especially enthusiastic. He strongly believed that collaborative experience should be available to future American artists, and perceived a real need for an American school in Europe--preferably in Rome, the very best place to study art, in his opinion.

By March of the following year, McKim was busy devising plans for the school and persuading like-minded architects and artists to assist. He proposed to finance the school by convincing institutions with traveling scholarships in the arts to send those students to Rome. Columbia University, University of Pennsylvania, and the Rotch Scholarship fund readily agreed to the scheme, and in ensuing years many others followed suit. In October, 1894, the American School of Architecture in Rome opened temporary quarters in the Palazzo Torlonia. The school consisted of its Director, Austin Lord, three fellows, and a visiting student; its "library" contained but one volume.

A move to the larger, more suitable Villa Aurora occurred in July 1895. Rent from two subtenants (the newly established American School of Classical Studies in Rome and the British and American Archaeological Society Library in Rome), along with a personal contribution from McKim, made this financially feasible.

The American School of Architecture in Rome was incorporated in the State of New York, 1895, and 10 shares of capital stock were issued. Despite substantial fundraising efforts in Chicago, New York, and Boston, severe financial problems continued. The American School of Classical Studies in Rome vacated the Villa Aurora in 1896--and with it went a sizeable portion of the School of Architecture's income. McKim frequently made up the deficit from his own pocket.

Eventually, it was decided that the American School of Architecture in Rome must be reorganized along the lines of the French Academy and that national sponsorship needed to be obtained through an act of Congress. In June of 1897, the American School of Architecture in Rome voted to dissolve itself and create the American Academy in Rome. The new institution would assume all assets and obligations, fellowships in painting and architecture were to be added to the program, and its Board of Trustees would include architects and artists. The Academy is not a school. Its fellows and visiting students, already professionally trained, go to Rome for further development and for collaboration and association with others. In the words of Director Gorham Phillips Stevens: "The object of the American Academy in Rome is not to afford opportunities for a few individuals to perfect themselves for the practice of their chosen professions. The ideal is to create an atmosphere in which a limited number of carefully selected artists and scholars may develop that synthesis of intellectual culture which will make them worthy to preserve and continue the great traditions of the past in order that the standard of art and literature may be handed on from year to year, constantly strengthened and improved."

Beginning in 1901, bills to make the American Academy in Rome a "national institution" were introduced in Congress on several occasions. A hearing was finally scheduled in 1905, and a revised bill that prohibited government funding and specified that U.S. officials may not be Trustees was signed into law. Serious efforts to create an Endowment Fund and secure better quarters were associated with the movement to obtain status as a national institution. The Academy was successful in meeting all of these objectives. In 1904, the Academy moved to the Villa Mirafiore (also known as Villa Mirafiori), which it soon purchased and renovated. The Endowment Fund raised well over a million dollars. Donors of $100,000 to the Endowment Fund, designated "Founders" of the American Academy in Rome, were: The Carnegie Foundation, Henry C. Frick, Harvard College, Charles F. McKim, J. P. Morgan, Sr., J. P. Morgan, Jr., The Rockefeller Foundation, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., William K. Vanderbilt, and Henry Walters. Other categories of donors were "Incorporators" (a new Act of Incorporation was required at the time the American Academy in Rome was chartered as a national institution) and "Life Members."

The American School of Classical Studies in Rome, which had been established by the Archaeological Society in 1895 and during its first year shared the Villa Aurora with the American School of Architecture in Rome, entered into a consolidation agreement with the American Academy in Rome in 1911. Their merger went into effect on the last day of 1912, and ever since, the American Academy in Rome has consisted of the School of Fine Arts and the School of Classical Studies, administered by a common director. The School of Classical Studies is composed of fellows and visiting scholars who are graduate students, secondary teachers, or professors engaged in research in the areas of archaeology, ancient art, philology, and humanistic studies. Women were a part of the School of Classical Studies from its beginning, but were not permitted to participate in the School of Fine Arts until well after World War II. Beginning in 1923, the School of Classical Studies instituted Summer Sessions which appealed to secondary teachers, and attracted an enrollment that was largely female.

Originally, the School of Fine Arts offered fellowships in architecture, painting, and sculpture. Fellowships in landscape architecture were added in 1915; in 1920, a Department of Music was established, and along with it fellowships in musical composition. Fellowships in art history were established in 1947. Unmarried men under age 30 were eligible to compete for the fine arts fellowships awarded annually (except for landscape architecture, awarded every third year); the duration of fellowships ranged from one to three years at various points in the institution's history. In residence along with fellows of the American Academy in Rome, might be holders of various traveling scholarships: the McKim Fellowship, the Columbia Traveling Scholarship, the Perkins Scholarship, the Robinson Traveling Scholarship (Harvard), the Rotch Scholarship, the Julia Appleton Scholarship, the Traveling Scholarship and Stewardson Memorial Scholarship (University of Pennsylvania), the Cresson Scholarship (Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts), the Drexel Institute Traveling Scholarship, the Lazarus Scholarship (Metropolitan Museum of Art), the Lowell Scholarship (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), and the Rinehart Scholarship (Peabody Institute, Baltimore). Visiting students, who remained for a much briefer period than fellows or recipients of various traveling scholarships, were admitted to all lectures and granted use the library, but resided elsewhere. The Academy opened an Atelier in downtown Rome for visiting students in 1927, which operated until financial considerations forced its discontinuation seven years later.

As the merger was being planned, J. P. Morgan, Sr., who was interested in both the American Academy in Rome and the American School of Classical Studies in Rome, began buying properties on the Janiculum, adjacent to Villa Aureilia. Villa Aurelia, built on the summit of the Janiculum in 1650, had been bequeathed to the American Academy in Rome in 1909 by Clara Jessup Heyland. Complications surrounding the gift of Villa Aurelia--including the will being contested by Mrs. Heyland's brother, and problems with unsettled tax assessments--were overcome in the interest of acquiring the outstanding building and its extensive grounds. Not long before his death in 1913, Morgan donated his neighboring land, and the American Academy in Rome continued to expand its Janiculum holdings through purchases and gifts from others. Morgan also agreed to provide a loan for construction of a new building. This building, designed by McKim, Mead, and White and known as the Main Building or Academy Building, opened in 1915; it served as the fellows' residence and work area, and included room for the library, offices, and space for exhibitions and other public events.

During World War I, the American Academy in Rome managed to remain open, although no new fellows arrived during the war years and the number of resident fellows and staff dwindled considerably. Most who remained were involved in some type of civilian war work, often with the Red Cross. In fact, Villa Aurelia was rented by the Red Cross in Italy for office space, and the Main Building was offered as a convalescent hospital, but the war ended before it could be put to that use.

After Italy declared war on the United States in 1941, the American Academy in Rome closed for the remainder of World War II. Those who had been awarded fellowships in classics just prior to the Academy's closing were given the option of using their stipends for study at home or waiting until conditions permitted travel to Rome. A very reduced staff stayed to care for the property and continue library cataloguing, coping with often severe wartime shortages of food and fuel. In addition, there were financial hardships. When bank accounts of enemy aliens were frozen and it was no longer possible to transfer funds from the United States, the Swiss Legation and Vatican arranged for loans to keep the Academy and its staff afloat. Funds that would have been awarded to new fellows during this period were put to use in other ways. In 1943, the American Academy in Rome made a grant to the Citizen's Committee for the Army and Navy, Inc. for competitions to award commissions to artists and art students throughout the country, funding more than 100 triptychs for chapels, as well as murals, medals, and sculpture. Seniors in American colleges and universities were eligible to compete for several scholarships for graduate work in classical studies awarded by the American Academy in Rome.

In 1945, the Academy was the site of Leave Courses on various aspects of Italian culture offered to servicemen. From the end of the war until the Academy reopened at the start of the 1946/47 academic year, G.I. Fellowships were offered to discharged soldiers wishing to study at the Academy, making the institution eligible to receive surplus equipment and rations. During this time intensive planning was underway for administrative changes and new programs.

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1893 -- While in Chicago to collaborate on the fine arts section for the World's Columbian Exposition, architects Charles F. McKim, Daniel Burnham, Richard Howland Hunt, painters John La Farge, and Sculptors Augustus Saint-Gaudens, and Daniel Chester French, among others, met regularly and from their collaborative experience and discussions came the idea for an American school in Europe.

1894 -- American School of Architecture in Rome opened in temporary quarters at the Palazzo Torlonia with Austin Lord, Director, three fellows, and a visiting student.

1895 -- Villa Aurora leased with 2 subtenants, the American School of Classical Studies and the British and American Archaeological Society Library in Rome American School of Architecture incorporated and 10 shares of capital stock issued (2 each to McKim and Hunt, and 1 to Burnham, Kendall, Schermerhorn, Boring, Garland, and Dill) McKim visits Rome.

1896 -- Metropolitan Museum of Art, administrator of Jacob H. Lazarus Scholarship for the study of mural painting, agrees to send the winner to Rome American School of Classical Studies in Rome vacates Villa Aurora.

1897 -- American School of Architecture in Rome dissolved and reorganized as the American Academy in Rome; the assets (including the lease on Villa Aurora) of the American School of Architecture in Rome were transferred and its program expanded to include fellowships in painting and sculpture Samuel A. B. Abbott appointed first Director Rome Prize discontinued (for 9 years) due to lack of funds.

1898 -- Incorporated in New York State; trustees begin to focus on raising an endowment.

1904 -- Move to Villa Mirafiore (also known as Villa Mirafiori); occupied until 1914.

1905 -- Chartered by the Congress of the United States; a bill signed by President Roosevelt made the American Academy in Rome a national institution (receiving no government funding and barring U.S. officials from acting as Trustees).

1906 -- Purchase of Villa Mirafiore finalized; renovations begun.

1909 -- Villa Aurelia bequeathed to the Academy by Clara Jessup Heyland (used until 1932); there were protracted problems surrounding the acquisition of the property including a brother who contested the will and unsettled taxes.

1911 -- School of Classical Studies in Rome (established by the Archaeological Institute of America in 1895) and the American Academy in Rome announce their consolidation [the merger became effective on the final day of 1912].

1912 -- Lands on the Janiculum adjacent to Villa Aurelia, recently acquired by J. Pierpont Morgan, Sr., transferred to the American Academy in Rome.

1913 -- American Academy in Rome now consists of the School of Fine Arts and the School of Classical Studies. New York office moves to the Architect's Building, 101 Park Ave., remaining at this location until 1973. By this date, largely through the generosity of J. Pierpont Morgan, Sr., nearly all of the land bounded by Via Angelo Masina, Via Giacomo Medici, Via Pietro Riselli, and the Aurelian Wall on the Janiculum had been purchased and many improvements made to the properties near the Villa Aurelia. Construction begins on the new Academy building designed by McKim, Mead, and White and situated on the grounds of Villa Aurelia; financed through a loan from J. Pierpont Morgan, Sr. (after Morgan Sr.'s death, his son offered to cancel the loan at an amount equal to funds raised by the Academy for the purpose).

1915 -- First Fellowship in Landscape Architecture established; opening of new Academy building housing the fellows' residential quarters, work areas, library, offices, and spaces for public programs.

1917 -- Villa Aurelia rented to the Red Cross for office space, and the new Main building was slated to become a convalescent hospital, but the war ended before it could be put to use.

1919 -- New York office reorganized by Roscoe Guernsey, executive secretary; sale of Villa Mirafiore; Academic Council established in Rome.

1920 -- Department of Music and Fellowship in Musical Composition established.

1923 -- School of Classical Studies establishes summer sessions, largely attended by teachers.

1926 -- Second Fellowship in Landscape Architecture funded by Garden Club of America (later permanently endowed).

1927 -- Academy opens an Atelier in downtown Rome, providing studios for visiting students (operated until 1934).

1929 -- First Thomas Spencer Jerome lecturer appointed.

1941 -- Academy closes for duration of World War II; a skeletal staff remain behind to care for the property and continue library cataloguing; Italy declares war on the United States.

1942 -- After transfer of funds from the U.S. proved impossible and enemy aliens were prohibited from withdrawing their own funds from Italian banks, the Swiss Legation and Vatican offered assistance to the Academy by providing loans.

1943 -- Academy grant to Citizen's Committee for the Army and Navy, Inc., funded hundreds of triptychs; murals, medals, and sculptures also commissioned Academy awards scholarships in classical studies at American colleges and universities.

1945 -- "Leave courses," held at the Academy, consisting mainly of lectures by distinguished scholars still in Rome, instituted for U.S. servicemen.

1946 -- Regular program resumes at the start of the academic year.

1947 -- Fellowship in the History of Art established.

1965 -- Loan of printed matter for microfilming by the Archives of American Art (reels ITRO 2-3 and 11-13).

1973 -- New York office moves to American Federation of Arts building, 41 East 65th St. (until 1993).

1982 -- Gift of New York office records to the Archives of American Art.

1990 -- Gift of Rome office records to the Archives of American Art.

1993 -- New York office moves to Metropolitan Club, 7 East 60th St.
Related Material:
Papers of a number of former fellows, trustees, and other individuals associated with the American Academy in Rome are among the holdings of the Archives of American Art.

Chaloner Prize Foundation records, 1915-1974 (microfilm reels 5664-5669) were received with the American Academy in Rome records. They have been arranged and described as a separate collection.

Valentine, Lucia and Alan Valentine. The American Academy in Rome, 1894-1969. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1973.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels ITRO 2-3, and ITRO 11-13) including annual reports, exhibition catalogues, a history of the American Academy in Rome, the American Academy in Rome at the World's Fair, and the Golden Gate Exposition and newsletter. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and can be found at the American Academy in Rome, Italy. This material is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The material on reels ITRO 2-3 and ITRO 11-13 were lent to the Archives of American Art for microfilming by the American Academy in Rome in 1965. Records of predecessor institutions, the Board of Trustees, and the New York office, including photographs and personal papers, were donated in 1982 by the Academy president, Calvin G. Rand. In 1990, Rand also gifted the Rome office records and the personal documents of Gorham Phillips Stevens. An addition of New York office records was donated in 2014 by the Academy director, Adele Chatfield-Taylor.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. research center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The American Academy in Rome records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Architecture -- Study and teaching  Search this
Architecture, Classical -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art schools -- Italy -- Rome  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
American Academy in Rome records, 1855-2012. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.ameracar
See more items in:
American Academy in Rome records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ameracar

Jack Levine papers, 1923-1999

Creator:
Levine, Jack, 1915-2010  Search this
Subject:
Arms, John Taylor  Search this
Peterdi, Gabor  Search this
Gikow, Ruth Levine  Search this
Paul  Search this
Yevtushenko, Yevgeny Aleksandrovich  Search this
D'Harnoncourt, Rene  Search this
Lasansky, Mauricio  Search this
Fleischman, Lawrence Arthur  Search this
Simon, Sidney  Search this
Close, Chuck  Search this
Friedan, Betty  Search this
Probst, Joachim  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Bloom, Hyman  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor  Search this
Coen, Eleanor Jean  Search this
Lee, Gypsy Rose  Search this
Tooker, George  Search this
Sorini, Emiliano  Search this
Barnet, Will  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob  Search this
Terkel, Studs  Search this
Bocour, Leonard  Search this
Dobkin, Alexander  Search this
Updike, John  Search this
Goodrich, Lloyd  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Homer  Search this
Levine, David  Search this
Cadmus, Paul  Search this
Weber, Max  Search this
Jewish Museum (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Student drawings
Photographs
Topic:
Painting, Modern  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Jewish artists  Search this
Social realism  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9139
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211333
AAA_collcode_levijack
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211333
Additional Online Media:

Richard E. Filipowski papers, circa 1940-1998

Creator:
Filipowski, Richard E., 1923-2008  Search this
Subject:
Belluschi, Pietro  Search this
Agoos, Herbert M.  Search this
Kepes, Gyorgy  Search this
Eckbo, Garrett  Search this
Davis, Stuart  Search this
Anderson, Lawrence B. (Lawrence Bernhart)  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, László  Search this
Gropius, Walter  Search this
Harvard University. Germanic Museum  Search this
Bauhaus  Search this
Institute of Design (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Boston Arts Festival  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Christmas cards
Slides (photographs)
Sketches
Sound recordings
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Art and industry  Search this
Filmmakers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Designers  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Art  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Design  Search this
Art commissions  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Design, Industrial  Search this
Art festivals  Search this
Industrial designers  Search this
Educators  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9644
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211852
AAA_collcode_filirich
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211852
Additional Online Media:

Boris Mirski Gallery records, 1936-2000

Creator:
Boris Mirski (Gallery : Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Subject:
Baskin, Leonard  Search this
Shahn, Ben  Search this
Geller, Esther  Search this
Lebrun, Rico  Search this
Swan, Barbara  Search this
Bloom, Hyman  Search this
Zerbe, Karl  Search this
Siporin, Mitchell  Search this
Mazur, Michael  Search this
Mirski, Boris  Search this
Polonsky, Arthur  Search this
Aronson, David  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Modernism (Art)  Search this
New York school of art  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Expressionism (Art)  Search this
Jewish artists  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9939
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212490
AAA_collcode_mirsbori
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212490

Judith Wechsler papers, 1940-2003, bulk 1971-1994

Creator:
Wechsler, Judith, 1940-  Search this
Subject:
Pearlstein, Philip  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Adams, Ansel Easton  Search this
Johns, Jasper  Search this
Steichen, Edward  Search this
Menil, Dominique de  Search this
Falkenberg, Paul  Search this
Hopps, Walter  Search this
Meyerowitz, Joel  Search this
Callahan, Harry M. (Harry Morey)  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Cohen, John  Search this
Siskind, Aaron  Search this
Hockney, David  Search this
Stella, Frank  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Universal Limited Art Editions (Firm)  Search this
Museum at Large Ltd  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sound recordings
Topic:
Filmmakers  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Art patronage  Search this
Artists  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15836
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)292401
AAA_collcode_wechjudi
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_292401

Oral history interview with Robert O. Preusser, 1991 January-October

Interviewee:
Preusser, Robert O. (Robert Ormerod), 1919-1992  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
White, Minor  Search this
Davidson, Ola McNeill  Search this
Kepes, Gyorgy  Search this
Institute of Contemporary Art (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. School  Search this
Joan Peterson Gallery  Search this
Downtown Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Boris Mirski (Gallery : Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Center for Advanced Visual Studies  Search this
Institute of Design (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Newcomb College.School of Art  Search this
Art Center School (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
University of Houston  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Camouflage (Military science)  Search this
Painting  Search this
Art  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13337
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215616
AAA_collcode_preuss91
Theme:
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215616
Additional Online Media:

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