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Published by:
MelPat Associates, American, 1965 - 1986  Search this
Created by:
C. Melvin Patrick, American, died 1985  Search this
Subject of:
Kenneth A. Gibson, American, born 1932  Search this
Clifton Herman Johnson, American, 1921 - 2008  Search this
New York Giants, American, founded 1925  Search this
National Newspaper Publishers Association, American, founded 1827  Search this
Chi Delta Mu Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1913  Search this
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
Howard University Medical Alumni Association, Inc., American, founded 1871  Search this
Lambda Kappa Mu Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1937  Search this
National Insurance Association  Search this
Whitney Moore Young Jr., American, 1921 - 1971  Search this
National Urban League, American, founded 1910  Search this
National Association of Negro Business and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc., American, founded 1935  Search this
369th Veterans Association, American  Search this
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., American, 1929 - 1968  Search this
Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc., founded 1922  Search this
National Funeral Directors and Morticians Association, Inc.  Search this
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, American, founded 1913  Search this
National Council of Negro Women, founded 1935  Search this
President Richard M. Nixon, American, 1913 - 1994  Search this
Roy White, American, born 1943  Search this
Franklin Augustine Thomas  Search this
Gail Fisher  Search this
Hal Christopher Frederick, American, born 1934  Search this
Greg Morris, American, 1933 - 1996  Search this
Joan Murray  Search this
Edie Huggins, American, 1935 - 2008  Search this
National Dental Association, American, founded 1913  Search this
Improved Benevolent and Protective Order of the Elks of the World, American, founded 1898  Search this
Nettie B. Smith  Search this
Shriners International, American, founded 1870  Search this
Daughters of Isis, American, founded 1910  Search this
Gladys W. Dixon, American, born 1901  Search this
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1906  Search this
National Negro Business League, American, 1901 - 1966  Search this
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1911  Search this
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1911  Search this
National Association of Market Developers, American, founded 1953  Search this
ink on paper
H x W x D: 11 × 9 1/16 × 5/16 in. (28 × 23 × 0.8 cm)
magazines (periodicals)
Place made:
Harlem, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Martha's Vineyard, Oak Bluffs, Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Business  Search this
Communities  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Fraternities  Search this
Government  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Labor  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Men  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Religious groups  Search this
Sororities  Search this
United States--History--1969-2001  Search this
United States--Social life and customs  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Anne B. Patrick and the family of Hilda E. Stokely
Object number:
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
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National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View <I>Delegate</I> digital asset number 1

Osteopathy Collection

Still, George A., Dr.  Search this
Bean, Arthur Sanders  Search this
Still, Andrew Taylor, Dr., 1828-1917  Search this
2.3 Cubic feet (6 boxes)
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Scope and Contents:
Collection includes photographs, brief biographies and some correspondence of 105 prominent osteopaths, all submitted in 1918 apparently as the result of a circular written request by Dr. George A. Still, a trustee of the American School of Osteopathy, Kirksville, Missouri, and a great-nephew of the founder of that institution, Dr. A.T. Still.

Other material (dating from 1887 to 1941) includes journals, college announcements and catalogs published by schools of osteopathy and other publishers. These contain professional articles and list college curriculums in osteopathy. Textbooks on osteopathy, miscellaneous photographs and newspaper clippings are also included.
The collection is arranged into four series.
Osteopathy is an independent school of medicine based on the theory that there is unity between body structure and function. Osteopaths (numbering about 12,000) are licensed to practice in all states and D.C., generally on the same basis as medical doctors. They are represented in the U.S. Public Health Service and other government medical services.

Osteopathic colleges (5 in number) require a 4 year course totaling 5,000 course hours of study with two years of basic science and two years of clinical training and advanced science. At least 3 years of college level pre-professional studies are required and a year long internship at one of 85 osteopathic hospitals follows formal studies. Osteopathic specialists are certified in 12 fields after further study.

Osteopathy emphasizes manipulation of the body in order to maintain the proper adjustment of the musculoskeletal system. However, osteopaths also employ drug therapy, surgery and radiation therapy.

Osteopathy originated as a medical reform movement initiated by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still in the Missouri Kansas frontier region in the late 1900s. Most osteopaths now are practicing in the U.S. and Canada. They are represented by state and provincial societies which combine to form the American Osteopathic Association.
The "founder of osteopathy," Andrew Taylor Still, was born in Virginia in 1828, the son of Abraham Still, a Methodist minister who was also a doctor of medicine and whose four brothers were doctors. The family moved successively to Tennessee, Missouri, and Kansas with the elder Still serving as a missionary and medical practitioner to Indian tribes. Andrew assisted his father in this work, gradually becoming dissatisfied with orthodox methods of medical practice of that time. He served in the Union Army during the Civil War. Against strong opposition of the medical profession and others he evolved the principles of osteopathy in 1892 founding together with a Scottish physician, Dr. William Smith, the American School of Osteopathy, the first such institution in the U.S., located in Kirksville, Missouri.

Dr. Still based his system of therapy on two premises: first, that the human body was self healing (i.e., it contains within itself all the medicinal chemicals necessary to the cure of disease); and, second, lesions of the spinal column are the principal causes of disease. Dr. Still continued his work until his death in Kirksville in 1917.
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Collection is open for research.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Medical education  Search this
Osteopathic medicine  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Osteopathic physicians  Search this
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Osteopathy Collection, 1887-1941, Archives Center, National Museumof American History
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Osteopathy Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History

College of Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution, International Exchange Service  Search this
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 502, Smithsonian Institution, International Exchange Service, Records
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Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Andrew Taylor Still, 1828-1917 / Carol Trowbridge

Trowbridge, Carol 1939-  Search this
Still, A. T (Andrew Taylor) 1828-1917  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 233 p. : ill., portraits, table ; 24 cm
United States
Osteopathic physicians--Biography  Search this
Osteopathic medicine--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Women and osteopathic medicine : historical perspectives / by Georgia Warner Walter

Women and osteopathy
Walter, Georgia Warner 1924-  Search this
National Center for Osteopathic History (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
32 p. : ill., ports. ; 22 cm
United States
Osteopathic medicine--History  Search this
Osteopathic physicians--History  Search this
Women physicians--History  Search this
Women in medicine--History  Search this
Call number:
RZ325.U6 W35 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Osteopathic medicine : past, present, and future : a conference sponsored by the Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation, Dallas, Texas March 10-12, 1995 / chaired by D. Kay Clawson ; edited by Coimbra M. Sirica

Clawson, D. Kay 1927-  Search this
Sirica, Coimbra M  Search this
Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation  Search this
Physical description:
214 p. : ills. ; 23 cm
Osteopathic medicine  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

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