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Ed Edson photographs of Oglala Indians and camp near Chadron, Nebraska

Creator:
Edson, Ed  Search this
Names:
Red Cloud, 1822-1909  Search this
Extent:
3 glass negatives
3 modern prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Oglala Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
glass negatives
modern prints
Place:
Chadron (Neb.)
Date:
circa 1889
Scope and Contents note:
Studio portraits of Red Cloud and possibly Little Wound, as well as one image probably of an Oglala camp near the eastern edge of Chadron, Nebraska.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2001-14, NAA MS 4701
Reproduction Note:
Contact prints made by Smithsonian Institution, circa 2001.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs previously filed in MS 4701 have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 2001-14. These are additional prints of Edson's glass negatives, made for donors Dr. R. W. and Mary B. Breckenridge by the Missouri Basin Project.
Additional photographs of Red Cloud held in National Anthropological Archives MS 4559, MS 4598, MS 4754, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 2001-14, and the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Camps  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 2001-14, Ed Edson photographs of Oglala Indians and camp near Chadron, Nebraska, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2001-14
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2001-14

MS 2261 Oglala Sioux Names for Years from A.D. 1759 to A.D. 1919

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Extent:
5 pages
Culture:
Dakota -- Teton  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Teton Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Dakota -- Oglala  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2261
Local Note:
Carbon typescript
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2261, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2261
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2261

Helen Peterson photographs of American Indian men

Creator:
Peterson, Helen L. (photographer or collector)  Search this
Names:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
Extent:
3 color prints
3 copy prints
3 copy negatives
Culture:
Oglala Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
color prints
copy prints
copy negatives
Photographs
Date:
circa 1970-1979
Scope and Contents note:
Portraits of American Indian men, possibly Oglala Indians or members of the National Congress of American Indians.
Biographical/Historical note:
Helen L. Peterson is an Oglala Indian who served as director of the National Congress of American Indians in 1953-1961 and was later an employee of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 83-12
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Museum of the American Indian Archives holds Helen L. Peterson's papers and records of the National Congress of American Indians.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 83-12, Helen Peterson photographs of American Indian men, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.83-12
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-83-12

Photographs of Pine Ridge delegation at the United States National Archives

Names:
National Archives (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
16 contact prints ((possibly proof sheets))
3 prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Oglala Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
contact prints
prints
Photographs
Date:
1975
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting Oglala Indians from Pine Ridge during a visit to the National Archives to look at documents relating to the tribeʹs history and culture.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 76-92
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 76-92, Photographs of Oglala delegation at the United States National Archives, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.76-92
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-76-92

Photographs of Crow and Sioux Indians

Photographer:
Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934  Search this
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Dinwiddie, William, 1867-1934  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Names:
Whitney, Joel E. (Joel Emmons), 1822-1886  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (halftone)
14 Photographic prints (albumen and platinum or silver gelatin)
Culture:
Miniconjou Indians  Search this
Hunkpapa Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Studio portraits of American Indians, including Mierishash (Two Belly), Chief Gall (Pizi), Chief Iromagaja (Rain in the Face), Mato-Wa-Nahtaka (Kicking Bear), and Oglala Indians, and possibly chiefs. There is also a photograph of a sculpture of an American Indian man, woman, child in cradleboard, and a dog.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 80-18
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original negatives for many of the photographs can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
Additional photographs by Dinwiddie can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 141A, Photo Lot 89, and Photo Lot 60.
Additional photographs by Barry can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, and MS 4559.
Additional photographs by Bell can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 80, Photo Lot 25, Photo Lot 90-1, and Photo Lot 87-2P.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Sculpture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Studio portraits
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 80-18, Photographs of Crow and Sioux Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.80-18
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-80-18

John Andrew & Son photogravures of Edward S. Curtis portraits of Plains Indians

Photographer:
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Names:
John Andrew & Son, printer  Search this
American Horse, 1840-1908  Search this
Extent:
3 Prints (photogravure)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Brulé Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Gros Ventre Indians (Montana)  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Photogravures
Photographs
Date:
circa 1908
Scope and Contents note:
Photogravures made from Edward S. Curtis portraits of American Horse, Oglala Indian; Hollow Horn Bear, Brule Indian; and an Assiniboine/Gros Ventre man. Curtis copyrighted the original photographs in 1907 and 1908.
Biographical/Historical note:
Edward Sheriff Curtis (1868-1952) was a professional photographer known for his images of Native Americans and of the American West. Born in Wisconsin, Curtis moved with his family to Cordova, Minnesota, shortly after his brother's birth in 1874. In 1887, Curtis moved again with his father to Seattle in the Washington Territory, where he built partnerships with several area photographers. Around 1895 Curtis began to photograph American Indians in the Seattle area. He joined the 1899 Harriman Expedition to Alaska as the expedition's official photographer and spent the summer of 1900 with George Bird Grinnell on a trip to document the Sun Dance on the Piegan Reservation in Montana. These experiences fueled Curtis' interest in American Indians and their culture and he set out to document every North American tribe before they "vanished." These photographs became the basis for his twenty volume "The North American Indian," a set of books which combined ethnographic descriptions and high-quality photogravures.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 84-8
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Curtis photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 59, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 96-17, and the BAE historical negatives.
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the Edward S. Curtis investigation of the Battle of Little Bighorn (MS 2000-18).
Curtis photographs also held in the National Museum of the American Indian Archives in the Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian and Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs.
Related Archival Materials note:
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952 Assiniboin boy - Atsina 1907 AAH4494NA (GEAC)00096320
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photogravures
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 84-8, John Andrew & Son photogravures of Edward S. Curtis portraits of Plains Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.84-8
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-84-8

Anne Pearse-Hocker negatives, photographs, and other materials

Photographer:
Pearse-Hocker, Anne  Search this
Names:
American Indian Movement  Search this
Aquash, Anna Mae, 1945-1976  Search this
Banks, Dennis  Search this
Bellecourt, Clyde H. (Clyde Howard), 1936-  Search this
Bellecourt, Vernon  Search this
Black Elk, Wallace H.  Search this
Frizzell, Kent, 1929-  Search this
Means, Russell, 1939-  Search this
Extent:
54 contact sheets (black and white)
35 mm. (black and white, 8 x 10 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
contact sheets
Black-and-white negatives
Contact sheets
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Pine Ridge (S.D.)
Wounded Knee (S.D.) -- history -- Indian occupation, 1973
Date:
1970-1973
Summary:
The majority of Pearse-Hocker's momentous negatives give eyewitness account to two weeks of both the mundane and brutal reality of daily life during the 1973 occupation of Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in Pine Ridge, South Dakota. The takeover of the town and the conflict between about 200 members of AIM (American Indian Movement, the Native American civil rights activist organization begun in the 1968) and the United States Marshals Service began on February 27 and lasted for 71 days, resulting in tragedy on both sides of the conflict. Members of AIM along with some local Oglala (Lakota) Sioux from the local reservation took over the town in protest against the United States Government's history of broken treaties with various Native groups, the poverty and maltreatment of Native populations, as well as in defiance against the corruption and paternalism within the local subsidiary of the BIA (Bureau of Indian Affairs). The siege finally came to an end on May 5 when members of AIM and the assistant attorney general for the Civil Division of the US Justice Department Harlington Wood Jr. settled on a ceasefire. Kent Frizzell served as Chief Government Negotiator in the capacity of Assistant Attorney General (Land and Natural Resources Division, U. S. Department of Justice) and later as Solicitor, U. S. Department of the Interior. Among those pictured both during and post-conflict are AIM activists Dennis Banks, Clyde and Vernon Bellecourt, Ted and Russell Means, Frank Clearwater, Wallace Black Elk and Anna Mae Pictou Aquash. A small number of negatives also document AIM's takeover of the BIA building and the AIM Powwow both in Minneapolis in 1970.
Arrangement note:
Negatives: organized in binders; arranged in sleeves by strip and image number, interspersed with relevant applicable contact sheets
Biographical/Historical note:
Anne Pearse-Hocker is a photojournalist who first encountered the American Indian Movement while a student on assignment for a journalism class at the University of Kansas. Her photographs document some very important moments in the early history of the American Indian Movement (AIM).

Pearse-Hocker was scheduled to interview the area director of the BIA in Minneapolis in the spring of 1970 as part of an Investigative Reporting class, and walked into the middle of an AIM occupation of the building, which she documented on film and with taped interviews. She stayed well past her spring break plans to use this opportunity to develop contacts with AIM leaders Clyde Bellecourt and Dennis Banks.

Her connections came in handy in 1973 during the occupation of Wounded Knee. Pearse-Hocker sneaked into the compound with a CBS news crew at night, and was allowed to remain due to her acquaintance with Banks, who remembered her from Minneapolis. She had strategically arrived the evening before the standoff was supposed to end, but when the settlement negotiations fell through, she remained in the compound for an additional few weeks, documenting the daily events including the firefight that claimed Frank Clearwater's life.

Pearse-Hocker returned to Wounded Knee in 1998 to revisit the site on the 25th anniversary of the occupation, and documented the experience for the journal 'Native Americas' (Spring 1998 issue) with new photographs of some of the survivors of the event.

After a career of news photography in broadcast journalism, she is retired and living in Montana.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the Archive Center to make an appointment.
Rights:
Copyright: Anne Pearse-Hocker, 1973. Researchers must contact copyright holder for permissions, reproductions, and use.
Topic:
Teton Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Government relations  Search this
Oglala Indians -- Government relations  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Contact sheets
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.028
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-028

Alexander Gardner photographs of Fort Laramie during treaty negotiations

Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Names:
Sioux Nation. Treaties, etc. United States, 1868, Nov. 7  Search this
Extent:
8 stereographs (albumen)
Culture:
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Yanktonai Indians  Search this
Brulé Indians  Search this
Miniconjou Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
stereographs
Stereographs
Photographs
Place:
Fort Laramie (Wyo.)
Date:
circa 1868
Scope and Contents note:
Images of Plains Indians and United States peace commissions in and around Fort Laramie during treaty negotiations in 1868. The collection includes images of Major Grimes, a surgeon Schnell, and A. S. H. White (Secretary of the 1868 treaty).
Biographical/Historical note:
Alexander Gardner (1821-1882) was a Scottish immigrant who first worked as an assistant to photographer Matthew Brady. He accompanied the 1868 Peace Commission to Fort Laramie for treaty negotiations between the United States government and the Oglala, Miniconjou, Brulé, Yanktonai, and Arapaho Indians.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2000-10
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Gardner photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, and the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Stereographs
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 2000-10, Alexander Gardner photographs of Fort Laramie during treaty negotiations, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2000-10
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2000-10

Howard D. Beach portraits of American Indians at the Pan American Exposition

Creator:
Beach, Howard D.  Search this
Names:
Geronimo, 1829-1909  Search this
Extent:
16 prints (platinum)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Siouan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1901
Scope and Contents note:
Portraits made by Howard D. Beach depicting Thomas Short Bull, Lissie Old Eagle, Her Holy Blanket, George Charging Alone, Dan White Eyes, Sam Breaks In, Ghost Dog, Little Cloud, Albert Running Bear, Chief Painted Horse, Bird Necklace, Joseph Bad Yellow Hair, Chief Last Horse, Thomas Iron Crow and Wallace Iron Crow, Chief William Sitting Bull, and Geronimo during the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. Many of the photographs were probably made in Beach's studio, but Geronimo was probably photographed at the Exposition's "Indian Village."
Biographical/Historical note:
Howard Dwight Beach (1867-1954) was a painter, photographer, and inventor in Buffalo, New York. Born in New Britain, Connecticut, he moved to Buffalo in 1884 to apprentice with photographer Andrew Simson, described as "Buffalo's oldest photographer." In 1896, Beach partnered with Simson to form the Simson & Beach photographic studio. Simson became the accredited photographer for the Pan-American Exposition in 1901. During the exposition, Beach photographed the American Indians that participated in the "Indian Congress," a "living exhibit" of various American Indian tribes on the exposition's Midway.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2001-1
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Beach photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 59.
Additional photographs of Geronimo held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 59, Photo Lot 87-2P MS 4423, MS 4691, MS 4875, and the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 2001-1, Howard D. Beach portraits of American Indians at the Pan American Exposition, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2001-1
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2001-1

Photographs relating to American Indian dwellings and archeology

Publisher:
McAllister, T. H.  Search this
Extent:
1 glass negative
10 lantern slides
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Kickapoo Indians  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Filipinos  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Yavapai Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
glass negatives
lantern slides
Place:
Arizona -- Antiquities
Colorado -- Antiquities
Date:
circa early 20th century
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs relating to various American Indian tribes and archeological sites in the American Southwest. The lantern slides in the collection appear to have been collected from multiple sources, and include a grouping that largely depicts dwellings (possibly collected by W. C. Peekhaus), another set focused on archeologiy and portraits of American Indians, a hand-colored Besseler slide of an American Indian bust wearing a headress, and a negative and positive transparency depicting Philippine people outside of a dwelling, possibly at the St. Louis exposition in 1904.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4995
See others in:
Photographs relating to American Indian dwellings and archeology, circa early 20th century
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Manuscript 4995, Photographs relating to American Indian dwellings and archeology, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4995
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4995

Cliff Mealy photographs of American Indians observing 100th Anniversary of the Battle of the Little Big Horn

Creator:
Mealy, Cliff  Search this
Names:
American Indian Movement  Search this
Floating Foundation of Photography  Search this
Foolscrow, Frank  Search this
Means, Russell, 1939-  Search this
Two Moons, Austin Cheyenne  Search this
Extent:
20 color slides
1 mounted color print
Culture:
Oglala Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
color slides
mounted color prints
Photographs
Place:
Little Bighorn Battlefield (Mont.)
Date:
1976
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Cliff Mealy during American Indian Movement ceremonies during the 100th Anniversity of the Battle of the Little Bighorn. They include images of Russell Means, Austin Two Moons, and Frank Foolscrow at the battlefield and at General George Armstrong Custer's gravesite.
Biographical/Historical note:
Cliff Mealy, a New York photographer, traveled to Montana with sponsorship from the Floating Foundation of Photography to document a large ceremony in honor of the Battle of the Little Big Horn. The National Park Service had planned a smaller event for June 24, the day before the anniversary, that many American Indians were going to boycott, but ultimately members of the American Indian Movement, led by Dakota Indian Russell Means, did participate. The following day's American Indian observance began with a sunrise ceremony led by Frank Foolscrow.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 77-72
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 77-72, Cliff Mealy photographs of American Indians observing 100th Anniversary of the Battle of the Little Big Horn, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.77-72
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-77-72

Arthur Amiotte photographs of his art

Creator:
Amiotte, Arthur (photographer and artist)  Search this
Extent:
314 copy color slides
Culture:
Oglala Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
copy color slides
Photographs
Date:
circa 1963-1986
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting Arthur Amiotte's artwork, including stitchery and quilts, clothing and mocassins, wall hangings, and paintings. The collection also includes some images of exhibits of Amiotte's work, a powwow, and scenic views of the Great Plains area.
Biographical/Historical note:
Born in 1942 and raised on the Pine Ridge Reservation, Arthur Amiotte is an Oglala painter, collage and fiber artist, lecturer, and author. Influenced by native artist Oscar Howe, Amiotte's art is based on Oglala tradition and culture.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 88-1, NAA ACC 89-13
Reproduction Note:
Copy slides made by Smithsonian Institution, 1987.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Artwork by Amiotte can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in American Indian Social and Political memorabilia.
The Archives of American Art holds audio recording of an oral history interview with Amiotte.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Wall hangings  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Painting  Search this
Quilts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 88-1, Arthur Amiotte photographs of his art, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.88-1
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-88-1

Bill Groethe photographs of surviviors of the Battle of the Little Big Horn

Creator:
Groethe, Bill, 1923-  Search this
Names:
Beard, Dewey  Search this
Black Elk, 1863-1950  Search this
Extent:
10 mounted prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Miniconjou Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Teton Indians  Search this
Hunkpapa Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
mounted prints
Place:
Custer State Park (S.D.)
Date:
1948
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Bill Groethe depicting a reunion of survivors of the Battle of Little Big Horn at Custer State Park, South Dakota, on September 2, 1948. The survivors depicted include Little Warrior, Pemmican, Little Soldier, Dewey Beard, High Eagle, Iron Hawk, Comes Again, and Nicholas Black Elk. John Sitting Bull, though not a survivor himself, was present to represent Sitting Bull, his adoptive father.
Biographical/Historical note:
William M. Groethe (b. 1923) is a professional photographer from Rapid City, South Dakota, known for his photographs of Mount Rushmore and his portrait of the last survivors of the 1876 Battle of Little Big Horn. Mentored by fellow Rapid City photographers Carl Rise and Bert Bell, Groethe was the only professional photographer in attendance at the reunion of the Battle of the Little Big Horn survivors. Both Rapid City and the State of South Dakota declared September 2, 2009 as William M. Groethe Day in honor of the 61st anniversary of the Little Bighorn photo.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 92-14
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Groethe's photograph, entitled "Lakota Moon of the Longest Night," held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 2002-02.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Copyright retained by Bill Groethe. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 92-14, Bill Groethe photographs of surviviors of the Battle of the Little Big Horn, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.92-14
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-92-14

Michael F. Steltenkamp photographs of Black Elk's daughter and granddaughter

Creator:
Steltenkamp, Michael F.  Search this
Names:
Black Elk, 1863-1950  Search this
Extent:
2 prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Oglala Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
prints
Photographs
Date:
1975
Scope and Contents note:
Images of Lucy (Black Elk) Looks Twice (1907-1978), Black Elk's only daughter and wife of Leo Looks Twice, and her daughter, Norma Regina (ca. 1940-1978). They were probably photographed while serving as consultants in the research for Michael F. Steltenkamp's book, Black Elk: Holy Man of the Oglala.
Biographical/Historical note:
Michael F. Steltenkamp, SJ, is an anthropologist and religious studies scholar. After earning a masters degree in folklore and a Master of Divinity degree, he taught high school for three years on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, where he also first served as a priest and was ordained as a deacon. He acquired a PhD in anthropology from Michigan State University and his doctoral thesis was later published as Black Elk: Holy Man of the Oglala. After teaching and doing campus ministry at Nouvel Catholic Central in Michigan, Steltenkamp taught for three years at Bay Mills Community College, a two-year tribal college chartered by the Bay Mills Indian Community of Michigan. In about 1994, he became a professor of anthropology and religious studies at Wheeling Jesuit University. He has also held temporary appointments as Bruegeman Chair in Ecumenical Studies at Xavier University and Chair of Jesuit Studies at Loyola University in Chicago.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 95-18
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 95-18, Michael F. Steltenkamp photographs of Black Elk's daughter and granddaughter, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.95-18
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-95-18

John O'Leary photographs of American Indian gatherings and artifacts

Creator:
OʹLeary, John  Search this
Photographer:
Bell, Bert  Search this
Kinkaid, Reece  Search this
Names:
Poolaw, Horace (photographer, Kiowa)  Search this
Powell, Peter John, Father  Search this
Extent:
105 copy prints
94 copy negatives
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Copy prints
Copy negatives
Photographs
Date:
circa 1930-1970
Scope and Contents note:
Copies of photographs depicting American Indian gatherings, including those at Pine Ridge and Chicago American Indian Center Exposition. Additionally, there are images of Sioux, Winnebago, and Navajo artifacts and art, and historical sites relating to Chief Red Cloud. Also included are photographs of Kiowa Indians, made by Kiowa photographer Horace Poolaw.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R74-12
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints and negatives prepared by Smithsonian Institution, 1974.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs by John O'Leary can also be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 81-72.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes. Copies can be made only with permission of John O'Leary.
Topic:
Powwows  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot R74-12, John O'Leary photographs of American Indian gatherings and artifacts, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R74-12
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r74-12

Copy of Frank A. Bowman portrait of Red Cloud and Othniel Charles Marsh

Creator:
Bowman, Frank A.  Search this
Names:
Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899  Search this
Red Cloud, 1822-1909  Search this
Extent:
1 copy print
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
copy prints
Photographs
Date:
1883
Scope and Contents note:
Copy of a studio portrait depicting Red Cloud presenting a headdress and pipe to Othniel Charles Marsh. The portrait was made at Frank A. Bowman's studio in New Haven, Connecticut, on January 22, 1883.
Biographical/Historical note:
Othniel Charles Marsh (1831-1899) was a well-known paleontologist who met Red Cloud (1822-1909) in 1874. While doing fieldwork for the Red Cloud Agency, Marsh assisted Red Cloud in encouraging Indian agent Dr. John J. Saville, a physician accused of graft, to resign from the agency. In 1883, Red Cloud visited Marsh at the Peabody Museum of Yale University, at which time they visited Frank Augustus Bowman (1847-1911), a commercial photographer in New Haven from about 1878-1900.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R79-49
Reproduction Note:
Copy print made, probably by John Canfield Ewers, 1979.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The Peabody Museum holds the headdress and pipe pictured, as well as other photographs made during the same event.
Additional photographs of Red Cloud can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4559, MS 4598, MS 4754, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 2001-14, and the BAE historical negatives.
Papers relating to Marsh can be found in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in SIA RU000248, SIA RS00251, and SIA AH00049.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This print was obtained for reference purposes only and cannot be reproduced for researchers.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot R79-49, Copy of Frank A. Bowman portrait of Red Cloud and Othniel Charles Marsh, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R79-49
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r79-49

Susan K. Power photograph collection of Archambault and Gates families

Collector:
Power, Susan K.  Search this
Photographer:
Fuller & Fansfer, Fort Yates, North Dakota  Search this
Fiske, Frank Bennett, 1883-1952  Search this
Miller, J. Q. (Aberdeen, South Dakota)  Search this
Names:
Two Bears (Dakota Indian)  Search this
Extent:
43 copy prints
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Yanktonai Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Copy prints
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Copies of family photographs, including those of the Archambault and Gates families, collected by Susan K. Power. There are studio portraits, images of family members in regalia, and photographs of crafts and paintings; a beaded satchel can be seen in multiple images, including nineteenth and twentieth century photographs. Annotated electrostatic copies of the images and mounts with identifications of pictured individuals are included with the collection.

Identified photographers include Frank B. Fiske; Fuller and Fansfer of Fort Yates, North Dakota; and J. Q. Miller of Aberdeen, South Dakota.
Biographical/Historical note:
Susan K. Power is the great granddaughter of Two Bears, a chief of the Upper Yanktonais.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R89-14
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by Smithsonian Institution, 1989.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Fiske photographs can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4602, Photo Lot R82-1, Photo Lot 9, Photo Lot 25, Photo Lot 24, and the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Dwellings  Search this
Handicraft  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot R89-14, Susan K. Power photograph collection of Archambault and Gates families, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R89-14
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r89-14

Copies of Stephen E. Feraca photographs of Siouan Indians and Sun Dance

Creator:
Feraca, Stephen E., 1934-  Search this
Extent:
85 copy color slides
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
copy color slides
Photographs
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
circa 1954-1961
Scope and Contents note:
Copies of photographs mostly depicting Sun Dances on the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Indian Reservations. They depict Oglala, Dakota, and other Siouan Indians, encampments, wagons, tipis, and a powwow.
Biographical/Historical note:
Stephen E. Feraca was an employee of the Department of the Interior, based at the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. He earned a masters degree from Columbia University (ca. 1957); his thesis was titled "The contemporary Teton Sioux Sun Dance." He also authored the book Wakinyan: Lakota Religion in the Twentieth Century, University of Nebraska Press, 1998. Feraca retired from the Department of the Interior in 1985.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R92-49
Reproduction Note:
Copy slides made by Smithsonian Institution, 1989.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Correspondence from Feraca held in the National Anthropological Archives in the James Henri Howard Papers.
Provenance:
Originals loaned for copying by Stephen Feraca through Joallyn Archambault, 1989.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Tipis  Search this
Wagons  Search this
Sun Dance  Search this
Camps  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot R92-49, Copies of Stephen E. Feraca photographs of Siouan Indians and Sun Dance, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R92-49
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r92-49

De Lancey W. Gill portraits of Northeast and Plains Indians

Creator:
Gill, De Lancey, 1859-1940  Search this
Extent:
12 mounted prints (platinum)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sihasapa Indians  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Kickapoo Indians  Search this
Piegan Indians  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Cayuga Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Mounted prints
Studio portraits
Photographs
Date:
1901-1914
Scope and Contents note:
Studio portraits of American Indians, including Thas-hunke-hine-kota (Roan Horse), Wa-sho-she (Brave), Cka-gthe (White Plume, Wa-Sho-She's wife), Shunga-neha-ga-he (Horse Chief Eagle), Me-kon-tunga (Big Goose), Apeyohantanka (Big Man), Yshidiapas or Aleck-shea-ahoos (Plenty Coups), Mary Baldwin, Imetacco (Little Dog), Kishkinniequote (Jim Deer), Ta-semke-to-keco (Strange Horse), and Hodjiagede (Fish Carrier). The prints were originally part of a framed display.
Biographical/Historical note:
De Lancey W. Gill (1859-1940) was a Washington, DC-based artist and photographer. Between 1884 and 1898, he served as a draftsman and illustrations editor for the United States Geological Survey. From 1889-1932, he also worked as illustrations editor for the Bureau of American Ethnology. While employed at the BAE, he took photographs of American Indian visitors to Washington, continuing a BAE project that had started in the 1860s. Gill made over 2,000 portraits during his career, some during anthropological expeditions to Virginia, Arizona, New Mexico and northwestern Mexico.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 79-4
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original glass negatives for these prints can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE hisorical negatives.
Additional photographs by Gill can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 33, Photo Lot 65, Photo Lot 70, Photo Lot 85, Photo Lot 87-2P, and Photo Lot 90-1.
The Wisconsin Historical Society holds additional platinum prints by Gill.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Studio portraits
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 79-4, De Lancey W. Gill portraits of Northeast and Plains Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.79-4
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-79-4

Copies of David F. Barry photographs of Plains Indians

Creator:
Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934  Search this
Names:
Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934  Search this
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917  Search this
Curly, approximately 1856-1923  Search this
Custer, George Armstrong, 1839-1876  Search this
Low Dog Dakota Oglala  Search this
Rain in the Face, approximately 1835-1905  Search this
Red Cloud, 1822-1909  Search this
Running Antelope Dakota Oglala  Search this
Sitting Bull, 1831-1890  Search this
Spotted Tail, 1823-1881  Search this
Young Man Afraid of His Horse, ca. 1830-1900  Search this
Extent:
24 copy prints
Culture:
Hidatsa Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Sihasapa Indians  Search this
Brulé Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Hunkpapa Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Copy prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1870-1890
Scope and Contents note:
The collection is largely composed of photographs depicting Plains Indians, many of whom took part in the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Depicted individuals include Young Man Afraid of His Horse, Low Dog, Good Horse, Clear Eyes, Rain in the Face, Crow Flies High, Trail Hunter, Sitting Bull, Crow King, Red Cloud, White Faces, Running Antelope, Red Girl, Curly, John Grass, Gall, Spotted Tail, and a group of Ghost Dancers. There are also images of Barry, General Custer, the horse Comanche, and Buffalo Bill.
Biographical/Historical note:
David Frances Barry (1854-1934) was a photographer based in Bismarck, Dakota Territory, who is most noted for his photographs of famous American Indians. In 1878, he was hired by itinerant photographer O. S. Goff, with whom he eventually partnered. From 1878 to 1883, Barry traversed the Dakota Territory, making many of his most widely known photographs of American Indians, forts and battlefields, military officers, and other people in the region. In 1883, Barry opened a new studio in Bismarck, where he began photographing members of Cody's Wild West Show.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R81-71
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by Smithsonian Institution, 1981.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs by Barry, as well as originals of images in this collection, can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 80-18, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, MS 4559, and the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Comanche (Horse)  Search this
Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot R81-71, Copies of David F. Barry photographs of Plains Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R81-71
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r81-71

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