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Portrait in a Minute: Bill "Bojangles" Robinson - National Portrait Gallery

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2014-06-27T17:22:46.000Z
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_byBxfRmlb2Y

Hide/Seek: Carl Van Vechten by Romaine Brooks - National Portrait Gallery

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-04-07T22:05:13.000Z
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_jRmo-eHzZVU

Hide/Seek: Carl Van Vechten and the Harlem Renaissance - National Portrait Gallery

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-04-07T22:52:37.000Z
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_rjqyua8ijYs

The Art of CHELOVE and MASPAZ

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2019-09-27T18:58:25.000Z
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
Youtube Category:
People & Blogs  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolklife
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolklife
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_4UczXbvzY1k

Ray McKinley Music and Ephemera

Collector:
McKinley, Ray, 1910-1995 (musician, bandleader)  Search this
Names:
Dorsey, Jimmy, Orchestra  Search this
McKinley, Ray, Orchestra  Search this
Miller, Glenn, Orchestra  Search this
Extent:
19.5 Cubic feet (56 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Ephemera
Music
Scrapbooks
Clippings
Date:
1945-1994
Scope and Contents:
The Ray McKinley Music and Ephemera consists of music, scores, sideman books, photographs, correspondence, news clippings and magazine articles, business records, awards, audio and videotapes, 45 rpm commercial recordings, and miscellaneous biographical notes. The records date from the the late nineteenth century to 1996 and document the professional music career and personal life of Ray McKinley (drummer, band leader, and vocalist). The collection is organized into three series; Series 1: Music ca. 1942-1990, Series 2: Ephemera ca. 1870-1996, and Series 3: Miscellaneous ca. 1943-1993. Materials in each series are arranged either alphabetically by music title or chronologically by date.

The following reference abbreviations are used in the container list to facilitate cross-referencing of materials in different subseries:

see: look for this title or material in the following location sa: see also: additional or related material is available in the following location aka: also known as OS: oversize score OP: oversize photograph
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1: Music

Series 2: Ephemera

Series 3: Audio Visual Materials
Biographical / Historical:
Ray McKinley was born on June 18, 1910 in Fort Worth, Texas, the son of Flora Newell McKinley and Raymond Harris McKinley, Sr. McKinley, Jr. entertained himself at an early age by "drumming" on whatever was available, and he received his first drum set at age nine from a family friend. His performing career had begun even earlier, at age six, with a snare drum solo for several thousand at the Elks Circus in the North Fort Worth Coliseum. At twelve he started playing professionally with local bands and orchestras. In an April, 1986 article in Modern Drummer, McKinley commented, "I wasn't that terrific, but everyone thought I was" (see Subseries 2B: Newsclippings and Magazine Articles). Whether deserved or not, his reputation was good enough that when the Jimmy Joy Orchestra came to town and was strapped for a substitute drummer, twelve-year-old McKinley got the job.

McKinley left town for the first time on a tour with the Duncan-Marin band in 1926. While performing in a Chicago nightclub, he was caught in the crossfire of a gang shoot-out and shot in the leg. During his convalescence, he wandered the clubs and listened in on sets. He met "Benny Pollack, Benny Goodman, Glenn Miller and others" (Ray McKinley, see Subseries 2F: Biographical Materials). He left the Duncan-Marin group in 1927 for the Beasley Smith orchestra, and joined the Tracy-Brown Orchestra in 1929. He played with Milt Shaw's Detroiters for a time in 1930, followed by a stint with Dave Bernie's band. With Bernie, he made two trips to England, "where he acquired a set of neckties and a Southern accent" (McKinley, Biographical Materials).

Glenn Miller asked McKinley to join him in Smith Ballew's band in 1932, and Miller later placed McKinley and four others with the Dorsey Brothers' Orchestra. When the Dorseys split, McKinley stayed with Jimmy Dorsey, although he was heavily recruited by other band leaders, including Tommy Dorsey and Benny Goodman. He became known as a vocalist as well as drummer in Jimmy Dorsey's band, and had Bing Crosby name him "one of the ten best vocalists in the country" (All-American Band Leaders, July, 1942). In 1939, at the suggestion of booking agent Willard Alexander, McKinley joined forces with Will Bradley (formerly Wilber Schwitsenberg) to form the "Will Bradley Orchestra featuring Ray McKinley." With McKinley on vocals and drums, the band's several hits included Beat Me Daddy, Eight to the Bar, Down the Road Apiece and Celery Stalks at Midnight. McKinley left in 1942 to form his own group, The Ray McKinley Orchestra. The band was very well-recieved, but broke up after only 8 months due to external factors including the outbreak of the second World War. McKinley placed many of his players with the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra just before he was drafted.

McKinley's old association with Glenn Miller paid off when Glenn took him on for his famous Army Air Force Band. McKinley says that Glenn Miller's band "was one of the two best musical organizations I had anything to do with as a player" (Modern Drummer). The Glenn Miller Band was sent to England in June, 1944. After Miller disappeared in 1944, McKinley fronted the band until its return to the United States in 1945. At this point, McKinley handed the reins to Tex Benecke and formed a new Ray McKinley Orchestra.

McKinley's new orchestra enjoyed great success, partially due to its young talent, including that of arrangers Eddie Sauter and Deane Kincaide. McKinley's showmanship and skills as leader, vocalist, and drummer also earned the band many fans. Some of their hits included Red Silk Stockings and Green Perfume, You Came a Long Way From St. Louis, and Arizay. Unfortunately, the group's inception coincided with the end of the big band era. McKinley adjusted the size and style of the band in attempts to satisfy public demand, but he finally disbanded the group when he suffered an attack of amoebic dysentery in 1951.

After his recovery, McKinley freelanced with different bands and in radio and television, mostly accepting appearances that kept him near his home in Connecticut. His last extended stint with any band came in 1956, when Willard Alexander persuaded the Glenn Miller Estate to sponsor a New Glenn Miller Orchestra with McKinley as its leader. The band played arrangements of old Miller favorites from the original music as well as more contemporary hits. This orchestra, like McKinley's earlier ones, was very successful, performing on television and travelling all over the world. In 1966, McKinley tired of the road and "retired". For the next thirty years, McKinley again stayed close to home, playing "gigs" with various bands, working as a musical consultant for Walt Disney World in 1971, and doing some television and recordings.

McKinley is remembered as a loving family man, screwball showman, and dedicated musician. In January, 1950,InternationalMusician said that McKinley was "known in the trade as a 'drummer's drummer'--just about the highest accolade one can receive." Many of his fellow musicians attest that his clean, energetic style of drumming provided the drive behind many of the bands he played with, while his technical skill and sense of humor produced the exciting solos that made him popular with the public. According to drummer Cliff Leeman, "Unlike many of the highly technical, showman drummers, McKinley combined elements of showmanship and thoughtful, feeling performance. He never ignored his timekeeping duties" (Modern Drummer, 1986). Both on the drums and as band leader, McKinley was a bit of a clown. For instance, the "vocal" in Celery Stalks at Midnight originated when McKinley, for no particular reason, "instead of playing a two bar solo on the drums...just yelled out, 'Celery Stalks along the highway!'" (McKinley, Big Band Jump Newsletter). Still, despite his antics and the fun he obviously had while on the stand, McKinley was deadly serious about music. His thoughts on drumming are evidence of this: "Once you have the techniques down and combine them with an inherent sense of rhythim--I believe you have to be born with it--you're well on your way to becoming a good drummer. If you don't have that bone-deep rhythmic sense, or 'feel', you should be doing something else. That may sound autocratic. But that's the way it is, as far as I'm concerned"( ModernDrummer).

McKinley was married in 1937 but divorced by 1942. He then married ballet dancer Gretchen Havemann in 1943, a few months into his tenure with the Glenn Miller Band. On April 7, 1949, they had daughter for whom Gretchen coined the name Jawn. A loving, happy couple, he and Gretchen celebrated their fiftieth wedding anniversary in 1993. In 1983, he and Gretchen began spending half of their year in a home in Florida and half in Canada. He died in 1995.
Separated Materials:
Ray McKinley drumset and two band stands are located in the Division of Music History.
Provenance:
Donated by Gretchen McKinley and Jawn McKinley Neville on February 2, 1998.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright restrictions. Contact the Archives Center for information.
Topic:
Big band music -- 1940-2000  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century
Ephemera -- 20th century
Music -- 1940-2000
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Clippings -- 20th century
Citation:
Ray McKinley Music and Ephemera, ca 1945-1994, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0635
See more items in:
Ray McKinley Music and Ephemera
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0635
Additional Online Media:

Travel, Virgin Islands (see also oversized, Box 163)

Collection Creator:
Davis, Benjamin O., Jr., 1912-  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
January 1949
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Collection, Acc. 1992.0023, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection / Series 2: Military Career / 2.3: Materials Arranged by Posting / 2.3.9: Lockbourne AAB/AAF/AFB (Lockbourne, OH), Base Commander
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1992-0023-ref1846
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51st Fighter Interceptor Wing (general) (see also oversized, Box 163)

Collection Creator:
Davis, Benjamin O., Jr., 1912-  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Collection, Acc. 1992.0023, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection / Series 2: Military Career / 2.3: Materials Arranged by Posting / 2.3.12: 51st Fighter Interceptor Wing, Wing Commander
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1992-0023-ref1872
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  • View 51st Fighter Interceptor Wing (general) (see also oversized, Box 163) digital asset number 1

Dorothy Dandridge

Artist:
Philippe Halsman, 1906 - 1979  Search this
Sitter:
Dorothy Dandridge, 9 Nov 1922 - 8 Sept 1965  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 35.1 x 27.5 cm (13 13/16 x 10 13/16")
Sheet: 35.4 x 27.9 cm (13 15/16 x 11")
Mat: 71.1 x 55.9 cm (28 x 22")
Culture:
Dorothy Dandridge: American\African American  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1953
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Interior  Search this
Costume\Outerwear\Shawl  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace\Choker  Search this
Dorothy Dandridge: Female  Search this
Dorothy Dandridge: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Dorothy Dandridge: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.98.41
Restrictions & Rights:
© Philippe Halsman Archive
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.98.41

Sammy Davis, Jr.

Artist:
Philippe Halsman, 1906 - 1979  Search this
Sitter:
Sammy Davis, Jr., 8 Dec 1925 - 16 May 1990  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 34.3 x 26.8 cm (13 1/2 x 10 9/16")
Mat: 71.1 x 55.9 cm (28 x 22")
Culture:
Sammy Davis, Jr.: American\African American  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1965
Topic:
Equipment\Walking stick\Cane  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Goatee  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Sammy Davis, Jr.: Male  Search this
Sammy Davis, Jr.: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.98.42
Restrictions & Rights:
© Philippe Halsman Archive
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.98.42

Lena Horne

Artist:
Philippe Halsman, 1906 - 1979  Search this
Sitter:
Lena Calhoun Horne, 30 Jun 1917 - 9 May 2010  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 24.8 x 19.7 cm (9 3/4 x 7 3/4")
Sheet: 25.2 x 20 cm (9 15/16 x 7 7/8")
Mat: 45.7 x 35.6 cm (18 x 14")
Culture:
Lena Calhoun Horne: American\African American  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1954
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Lighting Devices\Lamp  Search this
Lena Calhoun Horne: Female  Search this
Lena Calhoun Horne: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Lena Calhoun Horne: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist  Search this
Lena Calhoun Horne: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lena Calhoun Horne: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Popular  Search this
Lena Calhoun Horne: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Television  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.98.43
Restrictions & Rights:
© Philippe Halsman Archive
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.98.43

Ada "Bricktop" Smith

Artist:
Carl Van Vechten, 17 Jun 1880 - 21 Dec 1964  Search this
Sitter:
Ada "Bricktop" Smith, 14 Aug 1894 - 31 Jan 1984  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 27.7 x 35.4 cm (10 7/8 x 13 15/16")
Mat: 55.9 x 71.1 cm (22 x 28")
Culture:
Ada "Bricktop" Smith: American\African American  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1934
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Ada "Bricktop" Smith: Female  Search this
Ada "Bricktop" Smith: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
Ada "Bricktop" Smith: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz  Search this
Ada "Bricktop" Smith: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Proprietor\Nightclub  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.90.85
Restrictions & Rights:
© Carl Van Vechten Trust
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.90.85

Janis Joplin

Artist:
Linda McCartney, 1941 - 1998  Search this
Sitter:
Janis Joplin, 19 Jan 1943 - 4 Oct 1970  Search this
Medium:
Chromogenic print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 50.7 x 40.5cm (19 15/16 x 15 15/16")
Mat: 81.3 x 66cm (32 x 26")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1967 (printed in 1996)
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace\Bead  Search this
Equipment\Sound Devices\Microphone  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Bracelet  Search this
Janis Joplin: Female  Search this
Janis Joplin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Rock  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the photographer, Linda McCartney
Object number:
NPG.96.27
Restrictions & Rights:
©1967 Paul McCartney / Photographer: Linda McCartney Rights cleared through Robert Montgomery & Partners
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.96.27

Eartha Kitt

Artist:
Philippe Halsman, 1906 - 1979  Search this
Sitter:
Eartha Kitt, 17 Jan 1927 - 25 Dec 2008  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 24.8 × 19.7 cm (9 3/4 × 7 3/4")
Sheet: 28 × 21 cm (11 × 8 1/4")
Mat (Verified): 45.7 × 35.6 cm (18 × 14")
Culture:
Eartha Kitt: American\African American  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1954
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Eartha Kitt: Female  Search this
Eartha Kitt: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Eartha Kitt: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Eartha Kitt: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer  Search this
Eartha Kitt: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Television  Search this
Eartha Kitt: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer\Modern  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of George R. Rinhart
Object number:
NPG.83.100
Restrictions & Rights:
© Philippe Halsman Archive
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
20th Century Americans: 1930-1960
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 321
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.83.100

Willie "the Lion" Smith

Artist:
Arnold A. Newman, 3 Mar 1918 - 6 Jun 2006  Search this
Sitter:
William Henry Smith, Nov 1897 - Apr 1973  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 32.8 x 21.8 cm (12 15/16 x 8 9/16")
Sheet: 35.4 x 27.7 cm (13 15/16 x 10 7/8")
Mat: 55.9 x 40.6 cm (22 x 16")
Culture:
William Henry Smith: American\African American  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1960 (printed later)
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument\Piano  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Cigarette  Search this
Interior\Nightclub  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Derby  Search this
Home Furnishings\Lighting Devices\Spot Light  Search this
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Cigarette holder  Search this
William Henry Smith: Male  Search this
William Henry Smith: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
William Henry Smith: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist  Search this
William Henry Smith: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Arnold Newman
Object number:
NPG.91.89.77
Restrictions & Rights:
© Arnold Newman / Getty Images
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.91.89.77

Pat and Chuck Bress Jazz Portrait Photographs

Donor:
Bress, Chuck  Search this
Bress, Pat  Search this
Names:
Blues Alley (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Charley's Place (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (3 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
circa 1984-1990
Scope and Contents:
Primarily black-and-white photographic prints and photographic negatives created by Pat Bress and Chuck Bress in the late 1980s. The photographs depict jazz musicians and singers performing at two Washington, D.C. night clubs, Charley's Place and Blues Alley, in challenging lighting situations. Also, a box of correspondence and miscellaneous written documents related to the photographers' work and association with jazz figures.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into six series.

Series 1: Loose Leaf Notebooks Series 2: Photographic negatives and contact sheets Series 3: Photographic Prints (16 x 20) Series 4: Matted Photographic Print (11 x 14) Series 5: Unmounted Photographic Prints (11 x 14) Series 6: Miscellaneous papers
Biographical / Historical:
Married couple Chuck and Pat Bress worked as photographers, both individually and as a team. Also jazz aficionados, they photographed jazz musicians
Provenance:
Gift of Pat and Chuck Bress.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Nightclubs  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1970-1990 -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1980-1990
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film -- 1980-1990
Citation:
Pat and Chuck Bress Jazz Portrait Photographs, ca. 1884-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of the artists.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1219
See more items in:
Pat and Chuck Bress Jazz Portrait Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1219
Additional Online Media:

Playbill for No Place To Be Somebody

Published by:
Playbill, American, founded 1884  Search this
Metromedia, American, founded 1955  Search this
Subject of:
Charles Gordone, American, 1925 - 1995  Search this
Morosco Theatre, American, 1917 - 1982  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D (Closed): 9 1/16 × 6 × 1/16 in. (23 × 15.2 × 0.2 cm)
H x W x D (Open): 9 1/16 × 11 9/16 × 9/16 in. (23 × 29.3 × 1.5 cm)
Type:
theater programs
Place used:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
September 1971
Topic:
African American  Search this
Broadway Theatre  Search this
Drama (Theatre)  Search this
Identity  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Kathleen M. Kendrick
Object number:
2015.64.11
Restrictions & Rights:
Playbill used by permission. All rights reserved, Playbill Inc.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Exhibition:
Taking the Stage
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 054
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2015.64.11
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Additional Online Media:

Anton Refregier papers

Creator:
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Names:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Bard College -- Faculty  Search this
Gosudarstvennyĭ Ėrmitazh (Russia)  Search this
National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940)  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Woodstock Artists Association (Woodstock, N.Y.)  Search this
World Peace Council  Search this
De Diego, Julio, 1900-  Search this
Dreyfuss, Henry, 1904-  Search this
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Fast, Howard, 1914-  Search this
Geddes, Norman Bel, 1893-1958  Search this
Greenwood, Marion, 1909-1970  Search this
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Morley, Eugene, 1909-1953  Search this
O'Higgins, Pablo, 1904-  Search this
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Randall, Byron, 1918-1999  Search this
Refregier, Lila  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Yavno, Max  Search this
Extent:
35.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Travel diaries
Greeting cards
Interviews
Cartoons (working drawings)
Scrapbooks
Transcripts
Photographs
Diaries
Sketches
Place:
Chile
Soviet Union
Guatemala
Mexico
Date:
circa 1900-circa 1990
Summary:
The papers of Woodstock area painter, muralist, and designer, Anton Refregier (1905-1979) date from circa 1900 to circa 1990 and measure 35.9 linear feet. The collection records Refregier's early commercial work and murals for the Works Progress Adminstration (WPA) and documents his career through to the 1970s with records of commissions for many public and private buildings, exhibitions in the United States and abroad, teaching positions, essays and publications, and extensive travel, particularly to the Soviet Union and Mexico. The collection contains scattered biographical material, personal and business correspondence, notes and writings, 15 diaries and journals, mural and tapestry files, exhibition files, personal business records, printed material, 10 scrapbooks, artwork including sketches and cartoons for murals, and photographs of Refregier, his friends, family and travels.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Woodstock area painter, muralist, and designer, Anton Refregier (1905-1979) date from circa 1900 to circa 1990 and measure 35.9 linear feet. The collection records Refregier's early commercial work and murals for the Works Progress Adminstration (WPA) and documents his career through to the 1970s with records of commissions for many public and private buildings, exhibitions in the United States and abroad, teaching positions, essays and publications, and extensive travel, particularly to the Soviet Union and Mexico. The collection contains scattered biographical material, personal and business correspondence, notes and writings, diaries and journals, mural and tapestry files, exhibition files, personal business records, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork including sketches and cartoons for murals, and photographs of Refregier, his friends, family and travels.

Biographical material contains legal records such as Refregier's will and marriage and death records, passports, resume material and 2 interview transcripts.

Correspondence, both chronological and alphabetical, constitutes almost a third of the collection and documents all aspects of Refregier's career including his work for the WPA, private commissions, representation by ACA Galleries, his involvement with groups such as the Woodstock Artists Association and his teaching work for institutions such as Bard College. Also documented are his involvement with local political groups and international organizations such as the National Council of American-Soviet Friendship and the World Peace Council, and travels including visits to the Soviet Union. Notable correspondents include Henry Dreyfuss, Philip Evergood, Rockwell Kent, Emmy-Lou Packard, and Byron Randall. Correspondence also includes family letters written primarily by Refregier to Lila Refregier, in addition to greeting cards received by the Refregier family, many of which contain original arwork.

Writings are primarily by Refregier and include drafts of many essays and autobiographical writings, in addition to copies of published works including Natural Figure Drawing, An Artists Journey and Sketches of the Soviet Union.

The collection contains diaries and journals from 12 years in various formats including published and handmade day planners and typed and handwritten journal entries. They include sketches and primarily record travel and daily activities including specific projects such as the New York World's Fair mural (1938-1939).

Mural and Tapestry files document individual commissions bid on and/or completed by Refregier. The creation of the Rincon Annex Post Office mural and subsequent controversies over its subject matter are well-documented here, as are many of Refregier's commissions for banks, hospitals, hotels, shopping centers, and schools.

Exhibition files document at least 15 of Refregier's exhibitions, including his first one-man show at ACA Galleries (1942) and his exhibition of paintings at the Hermitage Museum (1967) in what was then Leningrad.

Personal business records contain addresses of contacts. Scattered records referencing market values for Refregier's work can be found throughout the series in records such as bills and receipts, financial notes and tax records.

Printed material provides extensive coverage of Refregier's entire career through announcements, invitations, catalogs, and news clippings. His interests in art, literature, music, theater and politics are also well-represented in these files.

The collection contains 10 scrapbooks, mostly in fragmented condition, which contain a mixture of photographs, sketches and other artwork, notes and fragments of writings, and printed material. The scrapbooks document a variety of subjects including Refregier's family life, travels to Guatemala and the Soviet Union, and the artist at work.

Artwork consists primarily of artwork by Refregier in the form of mural design sketches and cartoons in various media, including pencil, ink and pastel, in addition to 21 sketchbooks, many of which also contain journal entries and notes. Also found here are prints and reproductions of Refregier's "Peace card" block engravings for every year from 1950-1973, with the exception of 1970.

Photographs document all phases of Refregier's career and include family photographs dating from circa 1900, photos of Refregier in the studio including work for the WPA, Refregier and other artists and individuals at events and parties from the 1940s-1970s, travel snapshots probably taken in Chile, Guatemala, Mexico, and the Soviet Union, and photographs of artwork and installations. Individuals pictured include Julio de Diego, Marion Greenwood, Rockwell Kent, Pablo O'Higgins and David Siqueiros; also, a series of press photographs by Albert A. Freeman pictures Refregier with Howard Fast, Norman Bel Geddes, Marion Greenwood, John Kingsbury, Yasuo Kuniyoshi and Harry Stockwell. One photograph by Eliot Elisofon, 2 by Eugene Morley and 4 by Max Yavno can also be found here.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1925-1980 (Box 1; 0.25 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1912-circa 1990s (Boxes 1-11, 36, OVs 38, 45; 10.2 linear ft.)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 11-14, OV 45; 3.3 linear ft.)

Series 4: Diaries and Journals, 1923-1979 (Box 15; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 5: Mural and Tapestry Files, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 15-18, 36, OVs 38, 45, 46, RD 42; 3.65 linear ft.)

Series 6: Exhibition Files, 1942-1981 (Boxes 18-19; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 7: Personal Business Records, 1920s-1980s (Boxes 19-20; 1.8 linear ft.)

Series 8: Printed Material, circa 1920s-1980s (Boxes 21-28, 36; 7.4 linear ft.)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, 1930s-1960s (Boxes 28, 37, BV 47; 1.1 linear ft.)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 28-30, 36, OVs 40, 41, RDs 42-44; 3.5 linear ft.)

Series 11: Photographic Material, ca. 1900-1980s (Boxes 31-35, 39; 4.5 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Russian-born Woodstock painter Anton Refregier (1905-1979) immigrated to the United States in 1920. Refregier was well-known for his sometimes controversial social realist murals for the WPA.

After an apprenticeship to the sculptor, Vasilief, in Paris, Anton Refregier attended the Rhode Island School of Design from 1920-1925 and studied with Hans Hofmann in Germany in 1927. He had his first one-man show at ACA Galleries in New York City in 1942 and settled in Woodstock, New York, with his wife, Lila, and three children Anton, Jr., Brigit and Aleksandre, where he became a prominent member of the artist community.

Refregier completed several social realist murals for the federal Works Progress Adminstration (WPA) program, including one at the New York Worlds Fair in 1939 and the controversial Rincon Annex Post Office mural in San Francisco begun in 1941. He also completed interior design installations for businesses such as the nightclub, Cafe Society Uptown, and the restaurant, The Cookery, in New York City. In addition to being an easel and mural painter Refregier worked in tapestry, mosaic, ceramic, and collage, and completed many commissions for hotels, banks, hospitals, restaurants, synagogues, supermarkets and deparment stores throughout the country.

Refregier taught at various institutions including Stanford University, the University of Arkansas, and Bard College and his publications inlcude Natural Figure Drawing (1948), An Artist's Journey (1965), and Sketches of the Soviet Union (1978). He traveled regularly to the Soviet Union to explore and exchange ideas about art and culture and as a representative of the World Peace Council.

Anton Refregier died in Moscow in October 1979 while visiting the Soviet Union. His work can be found in many museums including the Corcoran Gallery of Art, the Metropolitan Museum, the San Francisco Museum of Art, and the Whitney Museum of American Art.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are an oral history interview with Anton Refregier, 1964, Nov. 5 by Joseph Trovato; and Papers regarding Anton Refregier mural controversy, 1953.
Provenance:
Donated 1983 by Lila Refregier, widow of Anton Refregier, and in 1992 by Brigit R. Sutton, Refregier's daughter.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Anton Refregier papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. They may be used for research, study and scholarship. Authorization to quote or reproduce for purposes of publication must be obtained from: Brigit R. Sutton, Box 344D, Woodstock, New York, 12498.
Topic:
Tapestry  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Political clubs  Search this
Muralists -- New York -- Woodstock  Search this
Art -- Commissioning  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- Archival resources -- 20th century  Search this
Designers -- New York (State)  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Travel diaries
Greeting cards
Interviews
Cartoons (working drawings)
Scrapbooks
Transcripts
Photographs
Diaries
Sketches
Citation:
Anton Refregier papers, circa 1900-circa 1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.refranto
See more items in:
Anton Refregier papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-refranto

Movie stills from "The Cohens and Kellys in Hollywood " showing Cocoanut Grove nightclub,

Collection Creator:
Wurlitzer (Rudolph) Company  Search this
Container:
Box 21, Folder 26
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Wurlitzer Company Records, 1860-1984, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Wurlitzer Company Records
Wurlitzer Company Records / Series 7: Photographs used in Wurlitzer Advertising and Public Relations / 7.2: Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0469-ref877

Model wearing human guestbook unitard

Photographer:
Buchanan, Ben, December 8th 1958-  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
2015
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18959
See more items in:
Ben Buchanan photographs of artists, circa 1985-2015
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_18959

Model wearing human guestbook unitard

Photographer:
Buchanan, Ben, December 8th 1958-  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
2015
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18960
See more items in:
Ben Buchanan photographs of artists, circa 1985-2015
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_18960

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