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Mining (mural study, Mount Hope, West Virginia Post Office)

Artist:
Michael Lenson, born Galich, Russia 1903-died Nutley, NJ 1971  Search this
Medium:
tempera on wood
Dimensions:
9 1/4 x 28 in. (23.4 x 71.1 cm.)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1940-1942
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
Occupation\industry\mining  Search this
Study\mural study  Search this
Landscape\West Virginia\Mount Hope  Search this
New Deal\Treasury Section of Painting and Sculpture\West Virginia  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the Internal Revenue Service through the General Services Administration
Object number:
1962.8.11
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1962.8.11

Mining Bee

Collector:
J. Whitaker  Search this
Discipline:
Entomology  Search this
Region:
US Mid Atlantic (PA, NJ, MD, DE, DC, VA, WV)  Search this
Sex:
Female
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Stemple Ridge, North America, United States, West Virginia, Preston County
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Arthropoda, Hexapoda, Insecta, Hymenoptera, Andrenidae, Andreninae
Scientific Name:
Andrena crataegi
USNM Number:
NC400424
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10866675

Mining Bee

Collector:
J. Whitaker  Search this
Discipline:
Entomology  Search this
Region:
US Mid Atlantic (PA, NJ, MD, DE, DC, VA, WV)  Search this
Sex:
Female
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Squirrel Gap Road, North America, United States, West Virginia, Hardy County
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Arthropoda, Hexapoda, Insecta, Hymenoptera, Andrenidae, Andreninae
Scientific Name:
Andrena carlini
USNM Number:
NC400435
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10866686

Mining Bee

Collector:
J. Whitaker  Search this
Discipline:
Entomology  Search this
Region:
US Mid Atlantic (PA, NJ, MD, DE, DC, VA, WV)  Search this
Sex:
Female
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Trough Road, Sycamore Hill, North America, United States, West Virginia, Hardy County
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Arthropoda, Hexapoda, Insecta, Hymenoptera, Andrenidae, Andreninae
Scientific Name:
Andrena carlini
USNM Number:
NC400431
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10866682
Additional Online Media:

Mining Cart Lamp

Measurements:
overall: 11 1/2 in x 6 in x 2 1/4 in; 29.21 cm x 15.24 cm x 5.715 cm
Object Name:
lamp, trip, mining
mining lamp
Credit Line:
Island Creek Coal Company, Holden, West Virginia
ID Number:
AG.MHI-MN-7846
Catalog number:
MHI-MN-7846
Accession number:
239763
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Mining
Work
Industry & Manufacturing
Natural Resources
Mining Lamps
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_872336

Hazel Dickens performs "West Virginia, My Home"

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-06-21T14:20:38.000Z
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolklife
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolklife
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_-47hIOOXJxE

Mining Village (Study for mural, Huntington, West Virginia forestry service building)

Artist:
Stevan Dohanos, born Lorain, OH 1907-died Westport, CT 1994  Search this
Medium:
tempera on fiberboard
Dimensions:
sheet: 15 7/8 x 17 in. (40.3 x 43.2 cm) image: 12 3/8 x 14 in. (31.3 x 35.7 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1937
Topic:
Figure group\male  Search this
Occupation\industry\mining  Search this
Figure male\child  Search this
Study\mural study  Search this
Landscape\West Virginia  Search this
Architecture\vehicle\bicycle  Search this
New Deal\Treasury Section of Painting and Sculpture\West Virginia  Search this
Architecture Exterior\domestic\house  Search this
Architecture Exterior\industry\mine  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the General Services Administration
Object number:
1974.28.308
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1974.28.308

Mining Journal

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
leather (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 9 3/4 in x 8 in x 1 5/16 in; 24.765 cm x 20.32 cm x 3.33375 cm
Object Name:
journal
mining journal
Date made:
1897
ID Number:
2016.0140.01
Catalog number:
2016.0140.01
Accession number:
2016.0140
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Mining
Work
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1807146
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Mining Journal digital asset number 1
Additional Online Media:

West Virginia - History and Heritage

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 06 Nov 2007 05:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_9a579ba5d2ca753cefff30a33e1629f7

West Virginia - Nature and Scientific Wonders

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 06 Nov 2007 05:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_1bea44ce0c24bf8f51fec58e6f1ee691

West Virginia - Landmarks and Points of Interest

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 06 Nov 2007 05:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_ee5e17705d3e31c00f0911ebc740bd5e

Coal miners' card game on the porch, Chaplin, West Virginia

Artist:
Marion Post Wolcott, born Santa Barbara, CA 1910-died Montclair, NJ 1990  Search this
Medium:
gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
sheet: 11 x 14 in. (27.9 x 35.6 cm.)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
1938, printed later
Topic:
Figure group\male  Search this
Occupation\industry\mining  Search this
Recreation\sport and play\cards  Search this
New Deal\Farm Security Administration  Search this
Landscape\West Virginia\Chaplin  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Dr. John H. and Jann Arrington Wolcott
Object number:
1998.120.23
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1998.120.23

Untitled, from "The Mountain Photography Workshop" Documentary Survey of Appalachian Kentucky and West Virginia

Artist:
Earl Dotter, born Philadelphia, PA 1943  Search this
Medium:
gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
image: 9 3/8 x 6 3/8 in. (23.8 x 16.2 cm)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
ca. 1977
Topic:
Occupation\industry\mining  Search this
Figure male\head  Search this
Landscape\West Virginia  Search this
Landscape\Kentucky  Search this
Dress\accessory\helmet  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the National Endowment for the Arts
Object number:
1983.63.393
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1983.63.393

Coal Miner's child carrying home a can of kerosene, Scotts Run, West Virginia

Artist:
Marion Post Wolcott, born Santa Barbara, CA 1910-died Montclair, NJ 1990  Search this
Medium:
gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
sheet: 11 x 14 in. (27.9 x 35.6 cm.)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
1938, printed later
Topic:
Architecture\industry\mine  Search this
Figure female\child\full length  Search this
New Deal\Farm Security Administration  Search this
Landscape\West Virginia\Scotts Run  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Dr. John H. and Jann Arrington Wolcott
Object number:
1998.120.20
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1998.120.20

Hazel Dickens performs "West Virginia, My Home" at the 1978 Smithsonian Folklife Festival

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-05-25T15:30:22.000Z
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolkways
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolkways
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_Psnm9wOb8aE

Hazel Dickens Performs "West Virginia, My Home" at the 1978 Smithsonian Folklife Festival

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-06-14T14:09:25.000Z
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianVideos
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianVideos
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_sBpU_z7aNYE

Hazel Dickens Performs "West Virginia, My Home" at the 2003 Smithsonian Folklife Festival

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2009-11-24T15:02:36.000Z
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolkways
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolkways
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_c5EIeJcFFZM

P – Y

Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Jan. 1868–Dec. 1869
Collection Restrictions:
Freedmen's Bureau Digital Collection, 1865–1872, is a product of and owned by the National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution. Copyright for digital images is retained by the donor, FamilySearch International; permission for commerical use of the digital images may be requested from FamilySearch International, Intellectual Property Office, at: cor-intellectualproperty@ldschurch.org .
Collection Citation:
Courtesy of the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration, FamilySearch International, and the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.
Identifier:
NMAAHC.FB.M1056, File 5.1.4
See more items in:
Records of the Superintendent of Education for the District of Columbia, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1872
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-fb-m1056-ref19
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View P – Y digital asset number 1
Additional Online Media:

Bethlehem Steel Corporation Mining Photographs

Creator:
Bethlehem Steel Corporation  Search this
Extent:
19 Cubic feet (66 boxes )
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Color slides
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Color negatives
Date:
1880-1993
bulk 1947-1980
Summary:
The collection consists of approximately 28,000 photographic negatives, slides, prints and other materials documenting Bethlehem Steel Corporation's iron ore mining operations. The photographs were taken by Richard "Jay" Angelo, a Bethlehem Steel Corporation photographer. The majority of the photographs depict Bethlehem's mining operations at its Cornwall and Morgantown, Pennsylvania mines. A smaller number of negatives document operations in western Pennsylvania, Kentucky, West Virginia, Michigan and Ontario. The negatives depict aerial views, blasting operations, tunneling, equipment and infrastructure, machinery, employees working, company personnel, and company-built community facilities. The collection documents the complete operations of a major, historic mining operation over four decades.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of approximately 28,000 photographic negatives, slides, prints and other materials documenting Bethlehem Steel Corporation's iron ore mining operations. The photographs were taken by Richard "Jay" Angelo, a Bethlehem Steel Corporation photographer. The majority of the photographs depict Bethlehem's mining operations at its Cornwall and Morgantown, Pennsylvania mines. A smaller number of negatives document operations in western Pennsylvania, Kentucky, West Virginia, Michigan and Ontario. The negatives depict aerial views, blasting operations, tunneling, equipment and infrastructure, machinery, employees working, company personnel, and company-built community facilities. The collection documents the complete operations of a major, historic mining operation over four decades.

Series 1, Historical Background Materials, 1923-19933, consists of typescript general histories for the Bethlehem Steel Corporation, and specifically, the Cornwall Mine, Grace Mine, and the Marmoratan Mining Company. Included are some copies of maps, newspaper articles, photographs and one letter from Charlie Neil dated 1993 containing history of the Cornwall mining operations. Other miscellaneous items include articles about concrete, a retirement brochure for Sheldon J. Shale, and bound monthly progress reports of operations for the Cornwall Division, 1923-1929. These reports detail production, ore analysis, construction of mine shafts, repairs made, and physical plant conditions.

Series 2, Logbooks, 1949-1980, consists of personal, mileage, and photograph and negative logbooks maintained by Richard R. Angelo during the course of his career as a photographer for Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Cornwall Division. The series is divided into three subseries: Subseries 1, Personal Logbooks, 1949-1981, Subseries 2, Mileage Logbooks, 1957-1980, and Subseries 3, Photograph and Negative Logbooks, 1947-1968. The bound notebooks are arranged chronologically and are approximately 4 1/2" x 7 1/2" or smaller.

Subseries 1, Personal Logbooks, 1949-1980, consists of Angelo's personal logbooks which begin in 1949 and chronicle his daily activities and include the amount of time spent accomplishing each stated activity. For example, from April of 1949, Angelo writes, "making negatives and printing, eight hours." Later logbooks do not contain the number of hours, but many contain the number of vacation days Angelo took.

Subseries 2, Mileage Logbooks, 1957-1980 and undated, consists of logbooks with the date, number of miles, and location where Angelo drove. In some instances, toll expenses are noted as well as total mileage calculated for a month.

Subseries 3, Negative Logbooks, 1947-1980, consists of logbooks detailing the date, negative number and a brief description for black-and-white and color negatives. For example, the March 3, 1951, entry is listed as "#1840-0, waste rock tunnel, mine number 3." In some instances Angelo notes if a photograph or negative was rejected. Later logbooks follow an alpha-numeric identification system. These logbooks should be consulted when using Series 4, Black-and-White negatives. The subseries is arranged chronologically.

Series 3, Indices, 1943-1960, consists of typescript lists detailing the negative number, date, and a brief description for the Bethlehem Report (BR), the early Pilot Plant and raw materials (CN), microphotographs (MP), and Pilot Plant (PP,) and raw materials and office plant (RM). The person who assembled these lists or applied the alpha-numeric system is unknown. These indices should be consulted when using boxes 36 to 38 in Series 4, Black-and-White Negatives.

Series 4, Black-and-White Negatives, 1941-1963, is divided into six subseries: Subseries 1, #1-#4108, 1947-1961; Subseries 2, A1 to A400, 1941-1949; Subseries 3, B1 to B9995, 1953-1963; Subseries 4, C1 to C6999, 1963 [1969?]; Subseries 5, Chronological, 1950-1955; and Subseries 6, Topical, 1941-1961. The negatives are approximately 4" x 5" and are housed in glassine envelopes. In some instances, 4" x 5" prints are filed behind the corresponding negative.

The alpha-numeric subseries of negatives is not inclusive. There are indices (see Series 3) for the negatives in boxes 36 to 38 and the logbooks (see Series 2) maintained by Richard R. Angelo. The indices provide the alpha-numeric identification number, date, and brief description for the negative. For example, negative B-528 documents the #4 mine machine shop looking west, March 12, 1954. Researchers should use the logbooks in conjunction with the negatives.

There are some negatives that document diagrams, drawings, plans, sectional views, schematics for ore pockets, mine shafts, and flow sheets for the Lebanon Concentrator and the crushing plant at the Grace Mine. Some of the negatives were used in the creation of the Bethlehem Mines Corporation, Cornwall Division, photograph album which documents progress as of December 31, 1964.

Series 5, Color Negatives, 1964-1979, consists of approximately 940 color negatives, presumably documenting a wide variety of mining activities as well as employees. There is no index to these negatives. The negatives are arranged numerically.

Series 6, Photographic Prints, 1880s-1972 and undated, consists primarily of black-and-white prints of mining equipment, views of mine interiors (including the mine vein), aerial views, buildings, and employees. The bulk of photographs document Bethlehem mines in Pennsylvania, specifically Cornwall and Grace, but there is documentation for the Marmora Mine in Ontario, Canada. Some of the prints have captions and dates. Some oversize photographs (11" x 14") documenting the Matamora Mine in Ontario, Canada, 1958, were taken by H.R. Oakman of Peterboro, Ontario. The materials are arranged alphabetically.

Series 7, Photograph Albums, 1951-1971, consists of five bound albums and some loose materials documenting the Marmora Mine in Ontario, Canada. Many of the albums were photographed by H.R. Oakman of Peterboro, Ontario. The albums contain mounted black-and-white prints that are 4" x 5" or 11" x 17." The albums are arranged chronologically.

Series 8, Slides, 1950-1980, contains 35 mm slides in both black and white and color. The slides document a range of activities and are arranged alphabetically by mine location.

Series 9, Moving Images, 1961 and undated, consists of two color 16 mm films documenting the Grace Mine in Pennsylvania.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into nine series.

Series 1, Historical Background Materials, 1923-1993

Series 2, Logbooks, 1949-1980

Subseries 1, Personal Logbooks, 1949-1980

Subseries 2, Mileage Logbooks, 1957-1980 and undated

Subseries 3, Negative Logbooks, 1947-1980

Series 3, Indices, 1943-1960

Series 4, Black-and-White Negatives, 1941-1963

Subseries 1, #1-#4108, 1947-1961

Subseries 2, A1 to A400, 1941-1949

Subseries 3, B1 to B9995, 1953-1963

Subseries 4, C1 to C6999, 1963 [1969?]

Subseries 5, Chronological, 1950-1955

Subseries 6, Topical, 1941-1961

Series 5, Color Negatives, 1964-1979

Series 6, Photographic Prints, 1880s-1972 and undated

Series 7, Photograph Albums, 1951-1971

Series 8, Slides, 1950-1980

Series 9, Moving Image, 1961 and undated
Biographical / Historical:
Richard "Jay" Angelo (1922-1997) was the official photographer for Bethlehem Cornwall Corporation (a subsidiary of the Bethlehem Steel Corporation) mining operations in Cornwall, Pennsylvania. The Cornwall Division operated three underground mines with concentrating and agglomerating facilities. Using a Speed Graphic camera (a portable professional camera), which used 4" x 5" film, Angelo captured between 20,000 and 30,000 negatives, mostly black-and-white, from January 1947 to January 1980. The negatives depict aerial views; each new blast in the open pit; tunneling in the underground works; installation of infrastructure such as underground bracing, head frames, railway track and agglomeration machinery; employees at work, receiving awards, or retiring; tours for corporate executives, local school teachers, and other mining executives; road and land improvements; company-built community facilities; safety program activities; installation and operation of the concentrating and agglomeration plants.

Angelo graduated from high school in 1940 and immediately began working in the mines, following in the foot steps of his father, an Italian immigrant. He joined the United States Navy in 1942 working as a radio operator aboard a communications ship. Angelo served in both the European and Pacific theaters of World War II. Angelo returned home in 1946 and worked in the mines, first in a tool room, then in the enginneering department. In 1947, he began taking photographs for the company, specializing in mining. Other photographers processed color and black-and-white negatives in the company lab and photographed the company's many plants. Angelo retired in 1980.

For over sixty years (1916-1980), Bethlehem Steel Company obtained most of its iron ore from three mines it owned and operated in eastern Pennsylvania. Two mines were located in Cornwall, about fifteen miles east of Harrisburg, and one was located in Morgantown, about twenty-five miles south of Reading. Until its closure in 1980, the Cornwall mine was the longest continuously operated mine in North America. The Cornwall Mine began in 1732 when John, Thomas, and Richard Penn deeded over 9,000 acres to Joseph Turne, who assigned it to William Allen. In 1734, Peter Grubb, a prospector for iron, paid Allen for the acreage and in 1742 built the Cornwall Furnance near the ore deposit. Other parties gained access and partnership to the ore banks through purchase or inheritance, and in 1854, Grubb and the others combined to form the Cornwall Ore Banks Company. Bethlehem Steel Company acquired ownership of the Cornwall Mines in 1916 and had complete ownership by 1921. The only exception was the Robesonia Iron Company, a small indepednent section that remained free of Bethlehem ownership until 1926, when Bethlehem acquired it and thus gained sole control of the ore desposits. The Cornwall iron ore deposit became one of the most valuable in the United States.

There were two major ore bodies in Cornwall, Pennsylvania, south of Lebanon, Pennsylvania, called Cornwall mines number 3 and number 4. Extracting the ore was done through open pit mining when deposits of useful minerals or rock were found near the surface. Open pit mining was used at Cornwall until 1953 when the open pits became too deep and economically not viable. It is estimated that over fifty-six million tons of ore were removed from mine number 3 between 1734 and 1953. By 1953, all of the available exposed ore was removed, and it was necessary for the company to begin underground mining activities. Other forms of mining included extractive methods that required tunneling into the earth, such as long wall mining. The number 4 mine was begun in 1926 as an underground operation; by 1965, twenty-two million tons of ore had been mined. In 1948, new iron ore deposits were discovered using an airborne magnetometer (an instrument used to measure the magnetic field) during an aerial survey in southeastern Pennsylvania. Bethlehem Steel acquired the land. Construction for the mine began in 1951 and ore stripping began in 1958. The new mine was called Grace Mine after Bethlehem Chairman and CEO Eugene Grace. Mining at lasted until 1977.

The Marmoratan Mine located in Hastings County, Ontario (east of Toronto) also became part of the vast Bethlehem Steel Corporation holdings. Iron mining was an important industry in the area during the nineteenth century. The village of Marmora was originally named Marmora Iron Works. Magnetic iron ore was mined as early as 1820, but a series of failures resulted in the abandonment of the mine. In 1949, the Ontario Department of Mines, in conjunction with the Geological Survey of Canada, conducted an aerial survey of the region. Bethlehem Steel geologists became interested in the area and in May, 1950, the company obtained options to purchase a 290 acre tract of property. Bethlehem would eventually acquire 1900 acres of property at Marmora. Drilling began in 1951, and the mine closed in 1979.

The scale of operations at the three mines was prodigious. Together, these mines were second only to Minnesota's famous Mesabi Range in terms of volume and quality of iron ore extracted. In addition to ore extraction, the mines were equipped with large-scale concentrating and agglomeration facilities, where the raw ore was separated into disparate minerals through the use of magnetic separators. The iron was then further concentrated into high density pellets that were easier to ship and more economical in making steel. Bethlehem erected its first concentrating facilities at Cornwall in 1916. When Bethlehem Steel acquired the Cornwall mines its long-term plan was to expand and modernize its program by adding mill equipment and providing sintering plants. Bethlehem purchased the Pennsylvania Steel Company in 1916, which included a wet mill equipped with a Grondal magnetic separator. From 1934 to 1962, the mines produced over twenty-seven million tons of iron concentrate, 450,000 tons of copper concentrate, and 1,650 tons of pyrite concentrate. The agglomeration plant at the Grace Mine alone produced three million tons of iron concentrate between 1958 and 1965.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Alexander Van Valen Papers, 1849-1850 (AC0935)

International Salt Company Records, 1888-1964 (AC1158)

Industry on Parade Film Collection, 1950-1960 (AC0507)

Arthur d'Arazien Industrial Photographs Collection, circa 1939-1984 (AC0314)

Frank Klepetko Michigan Mining Cyanotype Album, circa 1880 (AC1042)

Materials in Other Organizations

Hagley Museum and Library

Bethlehem Steel Corporation records, 1714-1982

Bethlehem Steel Corporation and Bethlehem Ship Corporation photograph collection, 1786-1966

Bethlehem Steel Corporation. Predecessor and subsidiary companies, 1860-1947

Pennsylvania State Archives

Cornwall Ore Bank Company Records, 1802-1935, 1954
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives Center by Richard Angelo, Jr., and Jeanette Angelo Laverty on July 9, 2011.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Mines -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Iron and steel industry  Search this
Iron -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Mines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides -- 20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- 20th century
Slides (photographs) -- 20th century
Color negatives
Citation:
Bethlehem Steel Corporation Mining Photographs, 1880-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Michael Cuscuna.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1242
See more items in:
Bethlehem Steel Corporation Mining Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1242
Additional Online Media:

The Coal Mining Massacre America Forgot

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 25 Apr 2017 16:59:16 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_100be8b987f218d81a0996ce57e92fad

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