Manual of mineralogy and lithology; containing the elements of the science of minerals and rocks. For the use of the practical mineralogist and geologist, and for instruction in schools and colleges. By James D. Dana
0.75 cu. ft. (1 document box) (1 half document box)
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
These papers contain correspondence with amateur and professional mineralogists, curators, and collectors concerning the examination, identification, purchase, and
exchange of meteorites, as well as eyewitness accounts of falling meteorites, in particular, the Bird City, Kansas, Meteor, 1931. Also included are photographs of the Walsenburg
Quadrangle, Roy S. Clarke, Jr., Edward P. Henderson, and J. Edgar Chenoweth; and newspaper clippings concerning meteorites. Important correspondents include Oliver Cummings
Farrington, William F. Foshag, John Enos Graf, Herbert M. Hale, Edward P. Henderson, Oscar Monnig, Harvey Harlow Nininger, Charles P. Olivier, and Alexander Wetmore.
Further information concerning the Allen Meteorite Collection can be found in National Museum of Natural History accession files, number 247668.
Arthur R. Allen (1880-1962), an amateur mineralogist, spent a large part of his adult life searching for meteorites in Colorado, New Mexico, Kansas, and Oklahoma. Allen
corresponded with professionals and other amateurs throughout the world in the hope of obtaining new specimens for his meteorite collection. After his death, his collection
was purchased by the Smithsonian Institution.
This collection consists primarily of correspondence with mineralogists., collectors, and museums concerning Shepard's research on meteorites and the acquisition of
specimens for his collection. Also included are notebooks, scrapbooks, catalogues, and lectures of Shepard; specimen lists; and newspaper clippings collected by Shepard mostly
concerning meteorites. A small amount of correspondence of Shepard's son, Charles Upham Shepard, Jr., is contained in the collection, including correspondence with Frank Wigglesworth
Clarke concerning the deposit of the Shepard Meteorite Collection in the USNM in 1886.
Charles Upham Shepard (1804-1886) was a mineralogist and authority on meteorites. Shepard was educated at Amherst College, graduating in 1824. After a short period
as a school teacher in Boston, Shepard went to Yale College in 1827 as assistant to Benjamin Silliman. He remained at Yale until 1844 serving as lecturer in botany, 1830-1831;
director of the Brewster Scientific Institute, 1832-1833; and lecturer in natural history, 1833-1844. In 1844, he became lecturer in natural history at Amherst College, where
he remained until his retirement in 1877. From 1834 to 1869, Shepard served as professor of chemistry at the South Carolina Medical College (a position held concurrently with
his lectureships at Yale and Amherst). Shepard made extensive collections of minerals and meteorites throughout his career. After his death in 1886, his meteorite collection
(the largest in America at the time) was deposited in the United States National Museum (USNM) by his son, Charles Upham Shepard, Jr. The collection was officially bequeathed
to the USNM in 1915.
These are the papers of Brian Harold Mason, Department of Mineral Sciences, National Museum of Natural History. Mason curates and classifies the more than 700 meteorites
recovered each year from Antarctica under a joint Smithsonian-National Aeronautics and Space Administration-National Science Foundation. His research focuses on the mineralogy
and petrology of meteorites and cosmochemistry. Materials include correspondence and memoranda.