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Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support audiovisual records

Creator:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Names:
Holmes, Linda Janet  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Linear feet (1 box)
10 video recordings (4 miniDV video recordings ; 6 VHS 1/2" video recordings)
Culture:
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Video recordings
Video recordings
Place:
Georgia
Date:
November 19, 2005
Scope and Contents note:
Audiovisual materials related to the Reclaiming Midwives: stills from All my babies exhibition, which was held Nov. 14, 2005-April 2, 2006 at the Anacostia Museum, and at 6 other venues through March 2007. This traveling exhibition was curated by Linda
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Midwifery  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Citation:
Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support audiovisual records, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
ACMA.03-049
See more items in:
Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support audiovisual records
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-03-049

Robert Galbraith: Interview and Exhibition Tour, Reclaiming Midwives

Creator:
Anacostia Museum  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
Collection Creator:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Extent:
3 video recordings (MiniDV)
Culture:
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Video recordings
Video recordings
Place:
Anacostia (Washington, D.C.)
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Date:
2005
Scope and Contents:
Photographer Robert Galbraith talked about his early life and how he eventually landed in the field of photography as well as his experience in the military. He detailed some of his explorations in the fields of photography and filmmaking. Specifically, Galbraith spoke about the making of 'All My Babies' and George C. Stoney, the director and producer of the film. He talked about creating photographic stills for the film. After the interview, Galbraith led a tour through the photographic section of the exhibition 'Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support;' he spoke about the technical and contextual aspects of the prints. Interview was conducted by Gail S. Lowe.
Interview and exhibition tour. Related to the exhibition 'Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support.' Dated 20051207.
Biographical / Historical:
Through photographs, drawings, diary entries, and birthing equipment, 'Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support' documented the life and work of Mary Francis Hill Coley in rural Georgia where she provided midwifery care to thousands for 30 years. Working with women, black and white, she was held in high regard in her community for addressing the social and spiritual concerns of those she touched. The exhibition celebrated the role of Miss Coley (1900-1960) and many other midwives as central forces in the communities they served, and traced midwife practices from the earliest days of slavery to today. The featured photographers were Robert Galbraith and W. Eugene Smith, both formerly with Life magazine, and Chester Higgins Jr. of The New York Times. The exhibition was on display at the Anacostia Museum from November 13, 2005 - August 6, 2006.
Local Numbers:
ACMA AV005164

ACMA AV005165
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Photographers  Search this
Photography  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Midwives  Search this
Midwifery  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Citation:
Robert Galbraith: Interview and Exhibition Tour, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
ACMA.03-049, Item ACMA AV005163
See more items in:
Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support audiovisual records
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-03-049-ref507

[Wives and Midwives notes]

Collection Creator:
Laderman, Carol  Search this
Container:
Box 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Carol Laderman Papers are open for research. Access to the Carol Laderman Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. Permission to use sound recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies transcribed and published in Taming the Wind of Desire must be obtained from Columbia University's Center for Ethnomusicology.
Collection Citation:
Carol Laderman Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Carol Laderman Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-09-ref173

[Prints for Wives and Midwives]

Collection Creator:
Laderman, Carol  Search this
Container:
Box 14
Type:
Archival materials
Photos
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Carol Laderman Papers are open for research. Access to the Carol Laderman Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. Permission to use sound recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies transcribed and published in Taming the Wind of Desire must be obtained from Columbia University's Center for Ethnomusicology.
Collection Citation:
Carol Laderman Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Carol Laderman Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-09-ref227

[Prints of midwives and their patients]

Collection Creator:
Laderman, Carol  Search this
Container:
Box 14
Type:
Archival materials
Photos
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Carol Laderman Papers are open for research. Access to the Carol Laderman Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. Permission to use sound recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies transcribed and published in Taming the Wind of Desire must be obtained from Columbia University's Center for Ethnomusicology.
Collection Citation:
Carol Laderman Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Carol Laderman Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-09-ref229

[Prints of midwives, shamans, and Main Peteri]

Collection Creator:
Laderman, Carol  Search this
Container:
Box 15
Type:
Archival materials
Photos
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Carol Laderman Papers are open for research. Access to the Carol Laderman Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. Permission to use sound recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies transcribed and published in Taming the Wind of Desire must be obtained from Columbia University's Center for Ethnomusicology.
Collection Citation:
Carol Laderman Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Carol Laderman Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-09-ref240

"Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support," Exhibition Brochure, 2005

Collection Creator::
Anacostia Community Museum. Office of the Director  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2032; Transferring office; 8/11/2017 memorandum, Milhoan to Morris; Contact reference staff for details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 17-316, Anacostia Community Museum. Office of the Director, Subject Files
See more items in:
Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa17-316-refidd1e255

[Wives and Midwives, Childbirth and Nutrition in Rural Malaysia - reviews]

Collection Creator:
Laderman, Carol  Search this
Container:
Box 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1993
2000
1984-1987
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Carol Laderman Papers are open for research. Access to the Carol Laderman Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. Permission to use sound recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies transcribed and published in Taming the Wind of Desire must be obtained from Columbia University's Center for Ethnomusicology.
Collection Citation:
Carol Laderman Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Carol Laderman Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-09-ref172

[Midwives, Healers, and Physicians: Medicine and Culture in Anthropology]

Collection Creator:
Laderman, Carol  Search this
Container:
Box 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Carol Laderman Papers are open for research. Access to the Carol Laderman Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. Permission to use sound recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies transcribed and published in Taming the Wind of Desire must be obtained from Columbia University's Center for Ethnomusicology.
Collection Citation:
Carol Laderman Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Carol Laderman Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-09-ref202

[Prints of midwives and shamans with patients and ceremonies]

Collection Creator:
Laderman, Carol  Search this
Container:
Box 14
Type:
Archival materials
Photos
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Carol Laderman Papers are open for research. Access to the Carol Laderman Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. Permission to use sound recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies transcribed and published in Taming the Wind of Desire must be obtained from Columbia University's Center for Ethnomusicology.
Collection Citation:
Carol Laderman Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Carol Laderman Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-09-ref230

Carol Laderman Papers

Creator:
Laderman, Carol  Search this
Extent:
6 Linear Feet ((15 boxes and 1 manuscript envelope) and 154 cassette tapes)
Culture:
Malays (Asian people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Field notes
Sound recordings
Photographs
Place:
Kampong Merchang (Terengganu)
Malaysia
Date:
1970-2009
Summary:
Carol Laderman was a medical anthropologist best known for her research on Malay traditional medicine. Her work focused on beliefs and practices regarding childbirth and nutrition as well as shamanic healing practices in rural Malaysia. This collection consists of the professional papers of Carol Laderman, medical anthropologist and university professor. The bulk of the collection pertains to her research on childbirth, nutrition, and shamanic healing practices in rural Malaysia. These materials include field notes, surveys, transcripts of Main Peteri ceremonies, grant applications, photographs, and sound recordings. Of special interest are her photographs of midwives and shamans treating patients, including Main Peteri ceremonies, as well as traditional Malay weddings and festivals. Also noteworthy are her recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies and her interviews with midwives and shamans. The collection also contains her unpublished and published writings; her dissertation; a report on her undergraduate fieldwork with pregnant Puerto Rican teenagers; her lecture notes and files as a university professor; files documenting her involvement in professional associations; and correspondence with colleagues.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the professional papers of Carol Laderman, medical anthropologist and university professor. The bulk of the collection pertains to her research on childbirth, nutrition, and shamanic healing practices in rural Malaysia. These materials include field notes, surveys, transcripts of Main Peteri ceremonies, grant applications, photographs, and sound recordings. Of special interest are her photographs of midwives and shamans treating patients, including Main Peteri ceremonies, as well as traditional Malay weddings and festivals. Also noteworthy are her recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies and her interviews with midwives and shamans. The collection also contains her unpublished and published writings; her dissertation; a report on her undergraduate fieldwork with pregnant Puerto Rican teenagers; her lecture notes and files as a university professor; files documenting her involvement in professional associations; and correspondence with colleagues.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized in 8 series: Series 1. Research, 1972, 1975-1977, 1981, 1985, 1987, 2000-2003, undated; Series 2. Writings, 1970, 1975, 1978-2001, 2004, undated; Series 3. Student Files, 1972, 1975, 1979, undated; Series 4. Teacher Files, 1977, 1979-1982, 2001-2002, 2007, undated; Series 5. Correspondence, 1974-1981, 1985-2005, 2009, undated; Series 6. Professional Activities, circa 1981, 1989-1990, 1994, 2004, undated; Series 7. Photographs, circa 1975-1977, circa 1982, undated; Series 8. Sound Recordings, 1976-1977, 1982, 2003, undated.
Biographical/Historical note:
Carol Laderman was a medical anthropologist best known for her research on Malay traditional medicine. Her work focused on beliefs and practices regarding childbirth and nutrition as well as shamanic healing practices in rural Malaysia.

Laderman (née Cohen) was born on October 25, 1932 in Brooklyn, New York. When she was 6, her father changed their family's surname to Ciavati due to his difficulty as a Jew finding an engineering job. Laderman grew up with musical aspirations, intending to become a concert pianist. She attended the High School of Music and Art in Manhattan and majored in music at Brooklyn College. In 1953, she married Gabriel Laderman, a painter and later an art professor. She took a leave from college to follow her husband after he was drafted into the U.S. Army five months following their wedding. Her hiatus from college spanned fifteen years, during which time she had two sons (1958, 1965). She also worked as a legal secretary in Ithaca, New York, and as a social secretary and translator for an opera singer when she and her family lived in Italy.

After returning to New York City, she enrolled in evening classes at Hunter College. Although she planned to resume her studies in music, her academic focus changed after taking an anthropology course taught by medical anthropologist Rena Gropper. In 1972, she earned her B.A. in Anthropology, and with the assistance of a Danforth Foundation Fellowship, she attended graduate school at Columbia University, where she earned her Ph.D. in Anthropology in 1979.

As an undergraduate student, Laderman conducted fieldwork at Mt. Sinai Hospital in New York City (1972-1973), assisting in a project on pregnant teenagers and nutritional health. She was assigned to collect data on Puerto Rican adolescent mothers, which exposed her to humoral beliefs in food, medicine, and people. This experience would later inspire her to conduct her graduate fieldwork on nutrition and childbirth in Malaysia, where humoral beliefs were also held but not well-explored by researchers.

From 1975 to 1977, Laderman and her family lived in Merchang, in Trengganu (now Terengganu), Malaysia. Working under the auspices of the Malaysian Ministry of Health of the Institute for Medical Research, Laderman studied both traditional and hospital-based medicine. As part of her fieldwork, she received training from a hospital to collect blood samples to study the effects of birthing and dietary practices on women's health. She also apprenticed herself to a traditional midwife (bidan kampung), whom she assisted in a number of births. By comparing food ideologies and actual food intake of pregnant and postpartum women, Laderman was able to refute the prevailing view of scholars that malnutrition among rural Malays was largely due to dietary restrictions based on the humoral system. In her dissertation, "Conceptions and Preconceptions: Childbirth and Nutrition in Rural Malaysia," Laderman describes how Malay women adapt their diets to their needs and that their customs allow for interpretation and manipulation. In 1983, a revised version of her dissertation was published as Wives and Midwives: Childbirth and Nutrition in Rural Malaysia.

While seeking to gain an understanding of traditional Malay medicine in its entirety, Laderman also became exposed to theatrical spirit séances known as Main Peteri (also Puteri or Teri). At that time Main Peteri was no longer performed in most Malaysian states but was still thriving in Trengganu and nearby Kelantan. Performed primarily as healing ceremonies by shamans (bomoh), Main Peteri was a last resort for the afflicted. These performances were characterized by entranced patients, spirit possessions, singing, music, dancing, and an audience. Laderman attended and participated in a number of these ceremonies and became a student and adopted daughter to a shaman. She recorded and transcribed several Main Peteri performances and received an NEH grant (1981-1985) to translate the texts. She also returned to Merchang in 1982 to conduct further research on traditional healing ceremonies. In her monograph Taming the Wind of Desire (1991), she discusses Main Peteri and its relationship to the Malay concept of Inner Winds (angin), which determine a person's personality, talents, and drives. In 1987 to 1990, she returned to her musical roots to collaborate with ethnomusicologist Marina Roseman to transcribe, analyze, and interpret the music of Main Peteri. Together, she and Roseman also edited The Performance of Healing (1996). In addition, Laderman became interested in the effects of urbanization and globalization on traditional Malay healing practices, a topic which she addressed in a collection of her writings, The Life and Death of Traditional Malay Medicine (in press).

Laderman was a professor at the Department of Anthropology at City University of New York City College (1990-2010). She was also an associate professor at Fordham University (1982-1990) and taught briefly at Hunter College (1978-1980), Brooklyn College (1979-1980), and Yale University (1980-1982).

She died on July 6, 2010 at the age of 77.

Sources Consulted

[Autobiographical statement], Series 2. Writings, Carol Laderman Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

1972. Carol Laderman, SGS Student, Wins Danforth Fellowship. SGS Newsletter 2(7): 1.

Laderman, Carol. 1983. Wives and Midwives: Childbirth and Nutrition in Rural Malaysia. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.

Laderman, Carol. 1991. Taming the Wind of Desire: Psychology, Medicine, and Aesthetics in Malay Shamanistic Performance. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.

Maizura, Intan. 2003, September 28. A bidan, a bomoh & a New Yorker. Nuance: 16-18.

Roseman, Marina, Laurel Kendall and Robert Knox Dentan. 2011. Obituaries: Carol Laderman (1932-2010). American Anthropologist 113(2): 375-377.

1932 -- Born October 25 in Brooklyn, New York

1953 -- Marries Gabriel Laderman and takes a leave from Brooklyn College

1972 -- Earns B.A. in Anthropology from Hunter College

1972-1973 -- Conducts research at Mt. Sinai Hospital on ethnic eating patterns, food beliefs, and anemia in adolescent Puerto Rican mothers

1975-1977 -- Conducts fieldwork in Merchang in Trengganu, Malaysia

1979 -- Earns Ph.D. in Anthropology from Columbia University

1982 -- Returns to Malaysia to conduct fieldwork on shamanism and trance healing

1982-1988 -- Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, Fordham University

1988-1990 -- Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology, Fordham University

1990-2010 -- Professor, Department of Anthropology, City University of New York City College

2010 -- Dies on July 6
Related Materials:
Two videotapes were received with the Carol Laderman papers and transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives.

Some of Laderman's original field recordings are at Columbia University's Center for Ethnomusicology. Copies of those recording are in this collection and are so noted.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Carol Laderman's sons, Raphael and Michael Laderman in 2012.
Restrictions:
The Carol Laderman Papers are open for research. Access to the Carol Laderman Papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. Permission to use sound recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies transcribed and published in Taming the Wind of Desire must be obtained from Columbia University's Center for Ethnomusicology.
Topic:
Traditional medicine  Search this
Shamanism  Search this
Malay language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Medical anthropology  Search this
Malays (Asian people) -- Medicine  Search this
Seances  Search this
Pregnancy -- Nutritional aspects  Search this
Midwifery  Search this
Ethnology -- Malaysia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Sound recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Carol Laderman Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2012-09
See more items in:
Carol Laderman Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2012-09
Additional Online Media:

Bringin' in Da Spirit

Creator:
Haynes, Rhonda L.  Search this
Lou's Production Association  Search this
Third World Newsreel (Firm)  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
Collection Creator:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Extent:
1 video recording (MiniDV)
Culture:
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Video recordings
Video recordings
Documentary films
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Date:
c 2003
Scope and Contents:
'Bringin' in Da' Spirit' celebrates the history of the midwives, particularly Granny Midwives, in the United States from the earliest days of slavery until today. The documentary film documents the contributions of 'Aunt Margaret' Charles Smith, Maude Callen, Onnie Lee Logan, Gladys Milton to midwifery and health care. Midwives 'Aunt Margaret' Charles Smith, Gladys Milton, Nonkululeko Tyehemba, Afua Hassan, Sakina O'Uhuru, Nicole Deggins, and a few of their clients provide personal stories sharing their knowledge and experience either as a midwife or working with a midwife. They, along with narrator Phylicia Rashad, explain midwives delivered black and white babies, earned respect in the homes of both blacks and whites, cared for the sick and dying, and wrote birth certificates. They explain how midwives impact the high mortality rate of African American babies, the difference between giving birth and being delivered, and modern day birthing centers versus hospital care. The documentary film presents the importance of and need for midwives, and how midwifery has changed over time, including training programs, certifications, instruments, and supplies. The film also explores the spiritual aspect of midwifery. The film contains footage of archival still and moving images of interviews, birthing centers, and the International Center for Traditional Childbearing's Black Midwives and Healers Conference in Portland in 2002.
Documentary film. Screened as part of the Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support exhibition. Undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support exhibition, held at the Anacostia Museum and Center for African American History and Culture from November 13, 2005 - August 6, 2006, documented the life and work of Mary Francis Hill Coley in rural Georgia where she provided midwifery care to thousands for 30 years. The exhibition celebrated the role of Miss Coley (1900-1960) and many other midwives as central forces in the communities they served and traces midwife practices from the earliest days of slavery to today.
General:
Title transcribed from physical asset.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Midwifery  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Documentary films
Citation:
Bringin' in Da Spirit, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
ACMA.03-049, Item ACMA AV005244
See more items in:
Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support audiovisual records
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-03-049-ref504

All My Babies Rediscovered

Creator:
Anacostia Museum  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
Collection Creator:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Extent:
1 video recording (MiniDV)
Culture:
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Video recordings
Video recordings
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Date:
circa 2005
Scope and Contents:
This short film contains excerpts from the 1953 documentary - All My Babies: A Midwife's Own Story directed by George C. Stoney - which featured Mary Coley, a midwife in rural Georgia, and was originally produced to educate granny midwives. Bernard Coley, Mary Coley's grandson, talks about his family learning of the existence of the film and what he remembers about his grandmother in regards to her values, caretaking for her family, and working as a midwife. The film also contains footage of a Coley family reunion in Albany, Georgia; and states the Coley family created an endowment in Mary Coley's name at Albany State University and established a scholarship fund for students who intend to pursue health care in rural, underserved areas. In 2002, All My Babies: A Midwife's Own Story was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress.
Short film containing excerpts of film and interview. Part of the Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support exhibition. Undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support exhibition, held at the Anacostia Museum and Center for African American History and Culture from November 13, 2005 - August 6, 2006, documented the life and work of Mary Francis Hill Coley in rural Georgia where she provided midwifery care to thousands for 30 years. The exhibition celebrated the role of Miss Coley (1900-1960) and many other midwives as central forces in the communities they served and traces midwife practices from the earliest days of slavery to today.
General:
Title transcribed from the Internet Archive as titled by producer Elliot Margolies.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Midwifery  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Citation:
All My Babies Rediscovered, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
ACMA.03-049, Item ACMA AV005242
See more items in:
Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support audiovisual records
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-03-049-ref505

Margaret C. Smith: A Midwife Remembered

Creator:
Anacostia Museum  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
Collection Creator:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Extent:
1 video recording (MiniDV)
Culture:
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Video recordings
Video recordings
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Date:
circa 2005
Scope and Contents:
This short recording contains a brief news report from WTTO-TV (WB 21 - Birmingham, Alabama) and excerpts from an interview with 'Aunt Margaret' Charles Smith. The news report briefly covers Aunt Margaret's funeral and celebration of her life in Eutaw, Alabama as well as a brief history of her life and her values. Keith Hawkins - Aunt Margaret's grandson, Denise Williams - who was delivered by Aunt Margaret, and Linda J. Holmes - co-author of the book 'Listen to Me Good: The Life Story of an Alabama Midwife' - talks about Aunt Margaret, particularly about how she continued to practice midwifery despite the passage of law outlawing traditional midwifery. During an interview with Holmes, Aunt Margaret speaks about her journey to become a midwife and working as a midwife in Green County, Alabmama; describes a specific experience when she delivered twins; and explains she provided midwifery services for free
News report and interview excerpts. Part of the Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support exhibition. Undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support exhibition, held at the Anacostia Museum and Center for African American History and Culture from November 13, 2005 - August 6, 2006, documented the life and work of Mary Francis Hill Coley in rural Georgia where she provided midwifery care to thousands for 30 years. The exhibition celebrated the role of Miss Coley (1900-1960) and many other midwives as central forces in the communities they served and traces midwife practices from the earliest days of slavery to today.
General:
Title transcribed from contents of recording.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Midwifery  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Citation:
Margaret C. Smith: A Midwife Remembered, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
ACMA.03-049, Item ACMA AV005243
See more items in:
Reclaiming Midwives: Pillars of Community Support audiovisual records
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-03-049-ref506

American College of Nurse-Midwives

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution, International Exchange Service  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 99-038, Smithsonian Institution, International Exchange Service, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa99-038-refd1e145

African American midwifery in the South : dialogues of birth, race, and memory / Gertrude Jacinta Fraser

Author:
Fraser, Gertrude Jacinta  Search this
Physical description:
x, 287 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Virginia
Date:
1998
20th century
Topic:
African American midwives--History  Search this
Midwifery--History  Search this
Childbirth--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_561435

Bridgewater Family Papers

Creator:
Bridgewater, Herbert Ford, 1908-1970  Search this
Bridgewater, Leon Archibald, 1905-1968  Search this
Harrell, Charles Henry, 1878-1948  Search this
Harrell, Mary Bridgewater, 1893-1981  Search this
Harrell, Arthur Samuel, 1916-1963  Search this
Harrell, Charles Henry, Jr., 1914-1948  Search this
Harrell, Arthur Samuel, Jr., 1948-1981  Search this
Harrell, Mary Trahan, 1927-2000  Search this
Harrell, Cornelius Eckart  Search this
Bridgewater  Search this
Bridgewater, Octavia Marie, 1903-1985  Search this
Harrell, Richard Francis  Search this
Darby, Sophia Bridgewater, 1894-1990  Search this
Bridgewater, Samuel, 1862-1912  Search this
Bridgewater, Mamie Anderson, 1872-1950  Search this
Donor:
Campbell, Janet Harrell  Search this
Harrell, Jules  Search this
Names:
Lincoln School for Nurses -- Geographic subdivision--New York (N.Y.);  Search this
Pleasant Hour Club (Helena, Mont.)  Search this
Society for the Relief of Worthy Aged Indigent Colored Persons  Search this
United States. Army. Army Nurse Corps  Search this
United States. Army. Cavalry, 9th  Search this
Extent:
21 Cubic feet (64 document boxes, one oversize folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Baptismal certificates
Scrapbooks
Marriage certificates
Diplomas
Photographs
Place:
Montana
Louisiana
United States -- Race relations
Date:
1880-2017
undated
Summary:
Papers and photographs documenting the lives and descendants of Samuel and Mamie Anderson Bridgewater of Helena, Montana.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the lives of the family and descendants of Samuel and Mamie Anderson Bridgwater. The papers primarily belonged to the family and descendants of their daughter Mary Emma (1893-1981), who married Charles H. Harrell (1878-1948), a Pullman porter. The collection includes materials from collateral relatives and from those who married into the Bridgewater and Harrell families. The women of these families were extensively involved in community, religious, and social organizations. The collection contains materials about social and religious life in the relatively small African-American communities surrounding Helena, Montana. It also contains family papers including Samuel and Mamie's marriage certificate from 1892; educational memorabilia and school diplomas; scrapbooks and photogaphs documenting family members, vacations, life events and friends; baptismal records; hand-written birth and death entries; and correspondence between family members and friends living in other states.

The collection includes records of many of Montana's social and religious organizations from the 1890s to the 1950s, including the Colored Women's Clubs of America; the Pleasant Hour Club in Helena; the Helena Negro Chorus; the local chapter of the Society for the Relief of Worthy, Aged, Indigent Colored Persons, Pleasant House Club; and numerous Baptist and Roman Catholic congregations. Generations of women in the Bridgewater and Harrell families were members or officers of these organizations. The collection contains records and photographs relating to several African-American and integrated churches in Helena. Friends and community members, primarily other African-American Montanans, are represented in the collection as well.

Photographs and other documents record the lives of nearby neighbors and friends as well as lives of more distant family members and friends. Subjects covered in the collection are: the formerly enslaved parents of Samuel and Mamie Bridgwater; Samuel Bridgwater and his fellow Buffalo soldiers; Octavia Bridgewater's experiences at the Lincoln School of Nursing in New York City; Octavia Bridgewater's service with a segregated unit of the Army Nurse Corps in World War II while stationed at the Tuskegee Air Base, Alabama and her later life after returning to civilian life in Helena when she worked mostly as a midwife.

Some of the arrangement of the collection was done by family members prior to its donation to the Archives Center. The families had a vigorous and wide ranging network of family and friends in Montana and elsewhere in the United States, and materials related to all family members and friends may be found across multiple series.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into five series.

Series 1: Bridgewater Family, 1880-2013, undated

Subseries 1.1: Bridgewater, Samuel, 1880-1908, undated

Subseries 1.2: Bridgewater, Mamie Anderson, 1888-1990, undated

Subseries 1.3: Darby, Sophia Bridgewater, 1911-2005, undated

Subseries 1.4: Bridgewater, Octavia Marie, 1922-2013, undated

Subseries 1.5: Bridgewater, Leon Archibald, 1912-1968, undated

Subseries 1.6, Bridgewater, Herbert Ford, 1925-1970, undated

Subseries 1.7: Photographs, 1920-1955, undated

Subseries 1.8: Family Memorabilia, 1903-2007, undated

Subseries 1.9: Family Friends, 1930-2001, undated

Series 2, Harrell Family, 1914-2005, undated

Subseries 2.1: Harrell, Mary Bridgewater, 1914-1981, undated

Subseries 2.2: Harrell, Charles Henry, 1914-1977, undated

Subseries 2.3: Harrell, Arthur Samuel, 1930-1973, undated

Subseries 2.4: Harrell, Mary Trahan, 1925-2002, undated

Subseries 2.5: Harrell, Arthur Samuel, Jr., 1948-1981, undated

Subseries 2.6: Campbell, Janet Harrell, 1951-2005, undated

Subseries 2.7: Harrell, Jules Parker, 1950-1980, undated

Subseries 2.8: Harrell, Richard Francis, 1960-1996, undated

Subseries 2.9: Harrell, Cornelius Eckart, 1940-2001

Subseries 2.10: Harrell, Jr., Charles Henry, 1925-2005

Subseries 2.11: Family Memorabilia, 1960-1990, undated

Subseries 2.12: Photographs, 1929-1996, undated

Series 3, Trahan Family, 1923-1995, undated

Series 4, Family Friends, 1912-1979, undated

Series 5, Photographs, 1907-1992, undated
Biographical / Historical:
The Bridgewater family is a multi-generation African American family descended from Samuel (1862-1912) and Mamie Anderson Bridgwater (1872-1950) (note: later family members spelled the name with an "e"). The son of slaves, Bridgwater was born in Dixon Springs, Smith County, Tennessee, on February 25, 1862. He later enlisted in the all-Black 24th Infantry Regiment, USCI (United States Colored Infantry), one of the famous "Buffalo Soldier" regiments. The 24th Infantry served in the Department of Texas from 1869-1889, Indian Territory from 1880-1888 and following 1888 in the Department of Arizona. In 1892 he married Mamie E. Anderson the daughter of Levi Anderson and Emma Lucy in Fort Huachuca, in what later became the state of Arizona.

Bridgwater fought in the Philippines during the Spanish-American War, where he was wounded. He retired from the United States Army at Fort Harrison, Montana, after twenty years of service on August 22, 1906. The family remained in Helena, Montana purchasing a home at 502 Peosta Avenue. The 1910 United States Census lists Samuel has having retired from the United States Army and lists Mamie as being a matron in the US Army hospital. They raised five children, three boys and two girls.

Samuel died on June 9, 1912. His widow and family remained in Montana becoming active in community affairs. Their descendants continued their parents' involvement in community and religious affairs as well as their fathers' tradition of military service. Their daughter Octavia served in an all-black unit of the Army Nurse Corps during World War II and then served her community as a nurse-midwife for the rest of her life. Members of the family continued to live in the home at 502 Peosta well into the twentieth century.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian by Janet Harrell Campbell and Jules Harrell, descendants of Samuel and Mamie Anderson Bridgewater, 2016.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Spanish-American War, 1898  Search this
Midwives  Search this
Community activists  Search this
United States Army  Search this
African American families -- Montana  Search this
Churches -- Montana  Search this
African American churches -- Montana  Search this
African Americans -- History -- 20th century -- Montana  Search this
Genre/Form:
Baptismal certificates
Scrapbooks
Marriage certificates
Diplomas
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
Bridgewater Family Papers, 1880-2013, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1385
See more items in:
Bridgewater Family Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1385
Additional Online Media:

Photographs

Collection Creator:
Laderman, Carol  Search this
Extent:
1.8 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1975-1977
circa 1982
undated
Scope and Contents:
This series contains photos from Laderman's field work in Malaysia, some of which were published in her monographs Wives and Midwives: Childbirth and Nutrition in Rural Malaysia and Taming the Wind of Desire. Consisting of prints, negatives, slides, and negative transparencies, the photos are mostly of midwives and shamans treating their patients. Many of the photos are of various Main Peteri ceremonies, including one in which Laderman's son Raphael participated as a patient. In addition, there are photos of her research consultants, families, houses, shadow puppets, Mak Yong (traditional Malay dance drama), weddings, and festivals. The photos are undated but were most likely taken during her fieldwork in Malaysia in 1975 to 1977 and 1982.

Also in this series are copies of a photo of Laderman used for publications and publicity.

While the negatives and slides were rehoused in archival sleeves, this series was left largely unsorted. Thus, one may find duplicates of an image in multiple folders. Laderman's original organization was retained; the original groupings are represented by folders and negative dividers. Prints do not exist for all of the negatives, and it has not been determined whether negatives exist for all of the prints.
Collection Restrictions:
The Carol Laderman Papers are open for research. Access to the Carol Laderman Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. Permission to use sound recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies transcribed and published in Taming the Wind of Desire must be obtained from Columbia University's Center for Ethnomusicology.
Collection Citation:
Carol Laderman Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2012-09, Series 7
See more items in:
Carol Laderman Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-09-ref222

Sound Recordings

Collection Creator:
Laderman, Carol  Search this
Extent:
154 cassette tapes
Type:
Archival materials
cassette tapes
Date:
1976-1977
1982
2003
undated
Scope and Contents:
This series consists of Laderman's field recordings from Malaysia. The recordings are of her interviews with midwives and shamans and performances of Main Peteri, Mak Yong (a traditional Malay dance drama), and wayang kulit (Malay shadow play).

Recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies that were transcribed, translated, and published in Taming the Wind of Desire are copies of originals held at Columbia University's Center for Ethnomusicology. They are noted below.

The cassette numbers were assigned by the archivist, and descriptions were transcribed from the box and cassette labels. The contents of the recordings have not been verified.

For related materials, see Series 1. Research and Series 7. Photographs.
Collection Restrictions:
The Carol Laderman Papers are open for research. Access to the Carol Laderman Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. Permission to use sound recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies transcribed and published in Taming the Wind of Desire must be obtained from Columbia University's Center for Ethnomusicology.
Collection Citation:
Carol Laderman Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2012-09, Series 8
See more items in:
Carol Laderman Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-09-ref243

Research

Collection Creator:
Laderman, Carol  Search this
Extent:
2.6 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
1981
1985
1987
2000-2003
1972
1975-1977
Scope and Contents:
This series consists primarily of materials relating to Laderman's research in rural Malaysia. Laderman first conducted research in Merchang in Trengganu (now Terengganu) in 1975 to 1977, working under the auspices of the Malaysian Ministry of Health of the Institute for Medical Research. Initially focusing on nutrition and diet of pregnant and postpartum women, childbirth, and midwives (bidan kampung), her research expanded to include shamans (bomoh) and traditional healing rituals, particularly Main Peteri. Her files consist of field notes and field notebooks; surveys; glossaries of Malay words; maps; grant applications; correspondence; research progress reports; reading notes; and articles by others about her research. Among her field materials are transcripts of spells and Main Peteri, some of which include translations, and children's drawings of hantu (evil spirits). This series also contains height and weight measurements of children, which Laderman collected for the Institute for Medical Research.

At the end of the series is a report from her undergraduate field research on anemia and diet among pregnant Puerto Rican teenagers. See folder "[Report of research on anemia among Puerto Rican teenagers]."

For additional field materials, see Series 7. Photographs and Series 8. Sound Recordings.
Collection Restrictions:
The Carol Laderman Papers are open for research. Access to the Carol Laderman Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. Permission to use sound recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies transcribed and published in Taming the Wind of Desire must be obtained from Columbia University's Center for Ethnomusicology.
Collection Citation:
Carol Laderman Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2012-09, Series 1
See more items in:
Carol Laderman Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-09-ref12

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