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Mi'kmaq & Maliseet cultural ancestral material: national collections from the Canadian Museum of Civilization

Type:
Books
Date:
2005
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_793728

Model Of Birchbark Canoe

Donor Name:
Mrs. Joseph Harrison Jr.  Search this
George Catlin  Search this
Collector:
George Catlin  Search this
Culture:
Micmac (Mi'kmaq)  Search this
(Not certain)  Search this
Maliseet  Search this
(Not certain)  Search this
Object Type:
Canoe Model
Place:
Woodlands (Northeast), United States / Canada, North America
Accession Date:
1881-Oct-21
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
010638
USNM Number:
E73329-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8477094
Additional Online Media:

Doll Male Dress

Donor Name:
Mrs. Sarah F. Goode  Search this
Collector:
Dr. George B. Goode  Search this
Culture:
Micmac (Mi'kmaq)  Search this
Object Type:
Doll
Place:
Canada, North America
Accession Date:
1902-Feb-04
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
038947
USNM Number:
E30843-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8388578
Additional Online Media:

Moosehair Fancy-Work. Basket

Donor Name:
Accession Number Unknown  Search this
Culture:
Chippewa  Search this
(Not certain)  Search this
Micmac (Mi'kmaq)  Search this
(Not certain)  Search this
Object Type:
Bark Container
Place:
United States / Canada, North America
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
000000
USNM Number:
E102240-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8327255
Additional Online Media:

Wooden Box

Donor Name:
Mrs. Daniel Gardner  Search this
Culture:
Micmac (Mi'kmaq)  Search this
Object Type:
Box
Place:
Not Given, New York, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1931-Jul-31
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
115031
USNM Number:
E352045-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8403663
Additional Online Media:

George V. Allen photograph collection of American Indians and the American frontier

Collector:
Allen, George V.  Search this
Names:
Albuquerque Indian School  Search this
Castillo de San Marcos (Saint Augustine, Fla.)  Search this
Chilocco Indian School  Search this
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
Haskell Indian Nations University  Search this
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.)  Search this
Yankton Mission (Yankton Indian Reservation, S.D.)  Search this
American Horse, 1840-1908  Search this
Big Bow Chief  Search this
Bogy, Lewis V. (Lewis Vital), 1813-1877  Search this
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Iron Bull (Crow Indian chief)  Search this
Kelly, Luther S. (Luther Sage), 1849-1928  Search this
Mató-Tópe, Mandan chief, d. 1837  Search this
Mix, Charles E.  Search this
Monroe, Mark, 1930-  Search this
Moran, John, 1831-1903  Search this
Ouray  Search this
Red Cloud, 1822-1909  Search this
Red Dog (Oglala chief)  Search this
Red Shirt, 1845?-1925  Search this
Reilly, John James, 1838-1894  Search this
Reynolds, Joseph Jones, 1822-1899  Search this
Sitting Bull, 1831-1890  Search this
Spotted Tail, 1823-1881  Search this
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Two Guns White Calf Blackfoot  Search this
Photographer:
Alvord, Kellogg, & Campbell  Search this
Bailey & Whitesides  Search this
Bailey, Dix, & Mead  Search this
Bennett & Brown  Search this
Black Hills View Company  Search this
Brooks Photo  Search this
Brubaker and Whitesides  Search this
C. Duhem & Bro.  Search this
Calfee & Catlin  Search this
Caswell & Davy  Search this
Copelin & Son  Search this
Cosand & Mosser  Search this
Cunningham & Co. (1880-1889)  Search this
D.D. Merrill, Randall & Co.  Search this
E. & H.T. Anthony (Firm)  Search this
Eaton, of Ralston, Oklahoma  Search this
Griffith & Griffith  Search this
Gurnsey & Illingworth  Search this
Hamilton and Hoyt  Search this
Hamilton and Kodylek  Search this
Hansard & Carden  Search this
Henry L. Shepard & Co.  Search this
Ingersoll View Company  Search this
J.J. Reilly & Co.  Search this
Judd and McLeish  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Kilburn Brothers  Search this
Lawrence & Houseworth  Search this
M.S. Mepham & Bro.  Search this
Martin's Gallery  Search this
Montgomery Ward.  Search this
Ramsour & Pennel  Search this
Reed & McKenney  Search this
Rodocker & Blanchard  Search this
Savage & Ottinger  Search this
Thomas Houseworth & Co.  Search this
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Universal Photo Art Co.  Search this
Whitney & Zimmerman  Search this
Wittick & Bliss  Search this
Wittick & Russell  Search this
Young & Chase  Search this
Barker, George, 1844-1894  Search this
Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934  Search this
Batchelder, B. P. (Benjamin Pierce), 1826-1891  Search this
Bates, Edw. (Edward)  Search this
Beaman, Edward O.  Search this
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Benecke, Robert  Search this
Bennett, H. H. (Henry Hamilton), 1843-1908  Search this
Bierstadt, Charles, 1819-1903  Search this
Blessing, S. T.  Search this
Blosser, J. A.  Search this
Bonine, Elias A., 1843-1916  Search this
Brockham, William (of Morris, Minnesota)  Search this
Brown, William Henry, 1844-1886  Search this
Brubaker, C. B.  Search this
Buehman, Henry, 1851-1912  Search this
Calfee, H. B. (Henry Bird), 1848-1912  Search this
Carbutt, John, 1832-1905  Search this
Carter, C. W.  Search this
Chamberlain, W. G. (William Gunnison)  Search this
Chase, D. B. (Dana B.)  Search this
Childs, B. F. (Brainard F.), ca. 1841-1921  Search this
Choate, J. N. (John N.), 1848-1902  Search this
Clark, George A. (George Alfred), 1936-  Search this
Climo, John Saunders  Search this
Cobb, William Henry, 1859-1909  Search this
Conklin, E (Enoch)  Search this
Cozzens, Samuel Woodworth, 1834-1878  Search this
Croft, Thomas  Search this
Cross, W. R. (William R.)  Search this
Currier, Frank, fl. 1890-1909  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Curtis, George E., 1830-1910  Search this
Cushing, W. H., fl. 1870-1889  Search this
Davis, S., fl. 1860-1880  Search this
Doremus, John P., 1827-1890  Search this
Eaton, E. L. (Edric L.), b. ca. 1836  Search this
Ebell, Adrian J. (Adrian John), 1840-1877  Search this
Eisenmann, Charles, b. 1850  Search this
Flanders, Dudley P.  Search this
Forsyth, N. A. (Norman A.), 1869-1949  Search this
Fouch, John H., 1849-1933  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Godkin, William R.  Search this
Goodell, Abner Cheney, 1831-1914  Search this
Graves, C. H. (Carleton H.), d. 1943  Search this
Gurnsey, B. H. (Byron H.), 1833-1880  Search this
Hamilton, J. H. (James H.)  Search this
Hart, Alfred A., 1816-1908  Search this
Hawkins, B.A.  Search this
Haynes, F. Jay (Frank Jay), 1853-1921  Search this
Hazeltine, M. M. (Martin Mason), 1827-1903  Search this
Heister, H. T., (Henry T.), -1895  Search this
Heller, Louis Herman, ca. 1839-1929  Search this
Heston, Wat  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Hook, W. E. (William Edward), 1833-1908  Search this
Huffman, L. A. (Laton Alton), 1854-1931  Search this
Illingworth, W. H. (William H.), 1842-1893  Search this
Immke, Henry W.  Search this
Ingalls, George W., 1838-1920  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Jacoby, W. H. (William H.), 1841-1905  Search this
Jarvis, J. F. (John F.), b. 1850  Search this
Johnson, W.S.  Search this
Kirkland, Geo. W. (George W.)  Search this
Knight, J. Lee  Search this
Landon, S. C. (Seth C.), b. 1825  Search this
Leonard & Martin  Search this
Line, A. A.  Search this
Little, H.N.  Search this
Marshall, William I. (William Isaac), 1840-1906  Search this
Martin, Alex (Alexander), 1841-1929  Search this
Maude, F. H. (Frederic Hamer)  Search this
Maynard, Hannah, 1834-1918  Search this
Maynard, Richard, 1832-1907  Search this
McIntyre, A. C. (Alexander Carson)  Search this
Meddaugh, J. E.  Search this
Mellen, Geo. E. (George Egbert), b. 1854  Search this
Mepham, Michael S.  Search this
Mitchell, Daniel S.  Search this
Morrow, Stanley J.  Search this
Muybridge, Eadweard, 1830-1904  Search this
Newcomb, C. H.  Search this
Nims, F.A.  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Palmer, A. A.  Search this
Parker, Joseph C.  Search this
Pierron, Geo. (George), b. 1816  Search this
Pollock, Charles, 1832-1910  Search this
Powers, F. F.  Search this
Raitt, T.G.  Search this
Randall, A. F. (A. Frank)  Search this
Rau, William Herman, 1855-1920  Search this
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Rodocker, D. (David)  Search this
Rothrock, George H.  Search this
Rudy, W. Ira  Search this
Russell, Andrew J.  Search this
Rutter, Thomas H., 1837-1925  Search this
Savage, C. R. (Charles Roscoe), 1832-1909  Search this
Seaver, C. (Charles)  Search this
Sedgwick, S. J. (Stephen James)  Search this
Shipler, James William, 1849-1937  Search this
Soule, John P.  Search this
Stoddard, Seneca Ray, 1844-1917  Search this
Taber, I. W. (Isaiah West), 1830-1912  Search this
Thorne, G.W.  Search this
Thurlow, J., 1831-1878  Search this
Towne, Bertram C.  Search this
Trager, George E.  Search this
Upton, B. F. (Benjamin Franklin)  Search this
Watkins, Carleton E., 1829-1916  Search this
Weitfle, Charles, 1836-1921  Search this
Wendt, Julius M.  Search this
Whitney, Joel E. (Joel Emmons), 1822-1886  Search this
Williscraft, W.H.  Search this
Wittick, Ben, 1845-1903  Search this
Woodburn, J. R.  Search this
Zimmerman, Charles A., 1844-1909  Search this
Publisher:
Beal's Gallery  Search this
Continent Stereoscopic Company  Search this
Florida Club (Cooperative)  Search this
Union View Company  Search this
Webster & Albee  Search this
Smith, O. C.  Search this
Extent:
67 lantern slides
26 Negatives (glass)
10 Negatives (nitrate)
6 autochromes (photographs)
50 Stereographs (circa 50 printed stereographs, halftone and color halftone)
1,000 Stereographs (circa, albumen and silver gelatin (some tinted))
239 Prints (circa 239 mounted and unmounted prints, albumen (including cartes de visite, imperial cards, cabinet cards, and one tinted print) and silver gelatin (some modern copies))
96 Prints (Album :, silver gelatin)
21 Postcards (silver gelatin, collotype, color halftone, and halftone)
Culture:
Puyallup Indians  Search this
Diegueño Indians  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Kalispel Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Nootka Indians  Search this
Kickapoo Indians  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Havasupai Indians  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Mohave Indians  Search this
Miwok Indians  Search this
Kwakiutl Indians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Pima Indians  Search this
Maricopa Indians  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Hopi Indians  Search this
Modoc Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
Gros Ventre Indians (Montana)  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Yavapai Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Bannock Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Cochiti Indians  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Haida Indians  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Acoma Indians  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Kansa Indians  Search this
Umatilla Indians  Search this
Shawnee Indians  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Pomo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Paiute Indians  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Micmac Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Lantern slides
Negatives
Autochromes (photographs)
Stereographs
Prints
Postcards
Place:
Custer Battlefield (Montana)
Date:
circa 1860-1935
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs relating to American Indian or frontier themes, including portraits, expedition photographs, landscapes, and other images of dwellings, transportation, totem poles, ceremonies, infants and children in cradleboards, camps and towns, hunting and fishing, wild west shows, food preparation, funeral customs, the US Army and army posts, cliff dwellings, and grave mounds and excavations. The collection also includes images of prisoners at Fort Marion in 1875, Sioux Indians involved in the Great Sioux Uprising in Minnesota, the Fort Laramie Peace Commission of 1868, Sitting Bull and his followers after the Battle of the Little Bighorn, and the aftermath of the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890.

There are studio portraits of well-known Indians, including American Horse, Big Bow, Four Bears, Iron Bull, Ouray, Red Cloud, Red Dog, Red Shirt, Sitting Bull, Spotted Tail, Three Bears, and Two Guns White Calf. Depicted delegations include a Sauk and Fox meeting in Washington, DC, with Lewis V. Bogy and Charles E. Mix in 1867; Kiowas and Cheyennes at the White House in 1863; and Dakotas and Crows who visited President Warren G. Harding in 1921. Images of schools show Worcester Academy in Vinita, Oklahoma; Chilocco Indian School; Carlisle Indian Industrial School; Haskell Instittue, and Albuquerque Indian School.

Some photographs relate to the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, 1876; World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893; Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, 1903; and Centennial Exposition of the Baltimore and Ohio Railraod, 1876. Expedition photographs show the Crook expedition of 1876, the Sanderson expedition to the Custer Battlefield in 1877, the Wheeler Survey of the 1870s, Powell's surveys of the Rocky Mountain region during the 1860s and 1870s, and the Hayden Surveys.

Outstanding single views include the party of Zuni Indians led to the sea by Frank Hamilton Cushing; Episcopal Church Rectory and School Building, Yankton Agency; Matilda Coxe Stevenson and a companion taking a photographs of a Zuni ceremony; John Moran sketching at Acoma; Ben H. Gurnsey's studio with Indian patrons; Quapaw Mission; baptism of a group of Paiutes at Coeur d'Alene Mission; court-martial commission involved in the trial of Colonel Joseph J. Reynolds, 1877; President Harding at Sitka, Alaska; Walter Hough at Hopi in 1902; and Mrs. Jesse Walter Fewkes at Hopi in 1897.
Biographical/Historical note:
George V. Allen was an attorney in Lawrence, Kansas and an early member of the National Stereoscope Association. Between the 1950s and 1980s, Allen collected an extensive collection of photographs of the American West, mostly in stereographs, but also including cartes-de-visite and other styles of mounted prints, photogravures, lantern slides, autochromes, and glass negatives.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 90-1
See others in:
George V. Allen photograph collection of American Indians and the American frontier, circa 1860-1935
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Camps  Search this
Child care  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Totem poles  Search this
Cookery  Search this
Wild west shows  Search this
Fishing  Search this
Hunting  Search this
Salish Indians  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Dwellings  Search this
Funeral rites and ceremonies  Search this
Wounded Knee Massacre, S.D., 1890  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 90-1, George V. Allen photograph collection of American Indians and the American frontier, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.90-1
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-90-1

Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection

Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Former owner:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1428 negatives (photographic)
40 Photographic prints (black & white)
Culture:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Mistassini Cree  Search this
Lorette Huron  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Montagnais Innu  Search this
Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg (Maniwaki Algonquin) [River Desert]  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Six Nations  Search this
Penobscot  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Wampanoag  Search this
Nauset  Search this
Mohegan  Search this
Niantic  Search this
Pequot  Search this
Nanticoke  Search this
Rappahannock  Search this
Chickahominy  Search this
Pamunkey  Search this
Mattaponi  Search this
Nansemond  Search this
Catawba  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Machapunga (Pungo River)  Search this
Innu  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
Massachusetts
Maine
Maryland
Virginia
Canada
Delaware
North Carolina
Date:
1909-1937
Summary:
The Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection includes portraits of individuals and families, as well as scenic shots and landscape views made between 1909 and 1937. Speck was an anthropologist and ethnographer, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, and worked on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation collecting ethnographic materials across the Eastern United States and Canada. His collection of photographs includes materials from native communities ranging from Newfoundland to Ontario in Canada and from Maine to South Carolina in the United States.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection includes negatives and a small amount of prints made by Speck throughout the course of his career as an anthropologist and ethnographer. The majority of the photographs in this collection were made while Speck conducted field trips on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation between 1924 and 1932, though there are photographs from before and after this time. This collection has been arranged into Series by geographical location and then into subseries by culture group or community. Series 1: Newfoundland and Labrador: Innu, Mushuaunnuat, 1916-1935; Series 2: Quebec: Innu, Mistassini Cree, Lorette Huron, Wawenock, Mohawk, Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg, 1910-1937; Series 3: New Brunswick and Nova Scotia: Maliseet, Mi'kmaq, 1909-1917; Series 4: Ontario: Six Nations/Grand River (Naticoke, Mohawk, Cayuga, Mahican, Tutelo), Oneida Nation, 1914-1937; Series 5: Maine and New Hampshire: Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, Abenaki, 1910-1924; Series 6: Massachussets and Rhode Island: Wampanoag, Nauset, 1914-1931; Series 7: Connecticut: Mohegan, Niantic, Schaghticoke, Pequot, 1912-1931; Series 8: Delaware: Nanticoke and Rappahanock, 1911-1925; Series 9: Virginia and Maryland: Rappahanock, Chickahominy, Pamunkey, Mattaponi, Nansemond, Potomac, Accomac, Powhatan, 1915-1924; Series 10: North Carolina and South Carolina: Catawba, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1915-1930.

Many of Frank Speck's photographs are individual and family portraits of community members, many identified, posed outdoors in front of homes and community buildings. There are also landscape views as well as photographs taken during community events. There are a small amount of photographs that have now been restricted due to cultural sensitivity though for the most part Speck did not photograph culturally sensitive activities.
Arrangement:
The collection is intellectually arranged in 10 Series by geographic region and within each series by culture group. The negatives are physically arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck was born on November 8, 1881 in Brooklyn, New York. He studied under the prominent linguist John Dyneley Prince and anthropologist Franz Boas at Columbia University, receiving his BA in 1904 and MA in 1905. He received his Ph.D. in 1908 from the University of Pennsylvania. His doctoral dissertation on the ethnography of the Yuchi became a basis for an article which later appeared in the Handbook of American Indians. That same year Speck became an assistant in the University of Pennsylvania Museum and an instructor in anthropology at the University. He was made assistant professor in 1911, and professor and chairperson of the department in 1925, a position which he held until his death in 1950. Speck was the founder of the Philadelphia Anthropological Society, and was vice-president of the American Anthropological Association from 1945-46. Speck's research concentration was on the Algonkian speaking peoples. Speck studied every aspect of a culture: language, ethnobiology, technology, decorative art, myths, religion, ceremonialism, social organization, and music. Collecting material culture was also an integral part of Speck's fieldwork. His collections can be found in museums around the world, one of which is the National Museum of the American Indian. He is the author of numerous books and articles. Frank G. Speck died February 6, 1950. (A. Irving Hallowell, American Anthropologist, Vol. 53, No. 1, 1951)
Related Materials:
The Frank G. Speck Papers can be found at the American Philosophical Society (Mss.Ms.Coll.126) along with additional photographic materials by Speck.
Frank Speck published extensively in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation publications; "Indian Notes" and "Indian Notes and Monographs." These publications are avialable through the Smithsonian Institution Libraries or online on the Internet Archive.
Separated Materials:
A small amount of notes from Speck's field work can be found in the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records (NMAI.AC.001) in Box 273, Folder 18 through Box 274 Folder 2.

Close to 4000 ethnographic and archeological items were collected by Speck for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) and are now in the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) collection. For more information about these objects contact the NMAI Collections Department.
Provenance:
The majority of the negatives were gifted to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) by Frank Speck in 1927. The group of Nanticoke photographs were purchased by the MAI in 1915 and smaller amounts of photographs were gifted and purchased by the MAI between 1923 and 1942.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Maine  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Maryland  Search this
Indians of North America -- Massachusetts  Search this
Indians of North America -- Canada  Search this
Indians of North America -- Delaware  Search this
Indians of North America -- Midwest  Search this
Indians of North America -- Virginia  Search this
Indians of North America -- North Carolina  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-032
Additional Online Media:

Frederick Johnson photograph collection

Creator:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Names:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Linear feet
450 negatives (photographic) (black and white)
Culture:
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Algonquin [Golden Lake/Pikwàkanagàn First Nation]  Search this
Algonquin [Lac Barriere (Barriere Lake)]  Search this
Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg (Maniwaki Algonquin) [River Desert]  Search this
Anishinaabe [Parry Island, Ontario]  Search this
Potawatomi [Parry Island, Ontario]  Search this
Innu [Uashat-Maliotenam (Seven Islands)]  Search this
Innu [Mashteuiatsh (Pointe-Bleue, Quebec)]  Search this
Innu [Kiskissink]  Search this
Innu [Pessamit (Betsiamites/Bersimis)]  Search this
Mistassini Cree  Search this
Nanticoke  Search this
Rappahannock  Search this
Mohegan  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Negatives (photographic)
Place:
Canada
Quebec
Ontario
Nova Scotia
Newfoundland
Delaware
Date:
1924-1931
Summary:
The Frederick Johnson collection consists of original negatives made from 1924 to 1931 by Johnson primary among the Mi'kmaq, Innu, Algonquin, Potawatomi, Montagnais, Abenaki, Anishinaabe, and Mistassini Cree peoples of Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Quebec, Canada. Frederick Johnson began his anthropological studies as a teenager, accompanying anthropologist Frank G. Speck (1881-1951) on trips to Native communities in Eastern Canada. Between 1923 and 1929, Johnson studied at the University of Pennsylvania and conducted several research trips in Canada, some of which were sponsored by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of original negatives made from 1924 to 1931 by Johnson primary among the Mi'kmaq, Innu, Algonquin, Potawatomi, Montagnais, Abenaki, Anishinaabe, and Mistassini Cree peoples of Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Quebec, Canada. The bulk were made among the Mi'kmaq, Innu, and Algonquin peoples in 1925 and from 1927 to 1931. In general, the majority of the Canada materials are informal, outdoor portraits of individuals and groups but they also depict dwellings, the construction of wigwams and birchbark canoes, carving and wood working processes, ceremonials, churches, the process of catching and smoking salmon, and the landscape. In addition there are negatives made in Delaware from 1924 to 1926 of and Nanticoke and Rappahannock. Again, these consist primarily of outdoor, informal portraits of individuals and groups of people.
Arrangement note:
Arranged in three series geographically and chronologically; Series 1: United Sates: Delaware, Nanticoke, 1924-1927; Series 2: Canada: Quebec and Ontario, Various Communities, 1925-1930; Series 3: Canada: Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, Mi'kmaq (Micmac), 1930-1931. Series 2 has six subseries organized by community. Negatives are arranged by catalog number within the series or subseries.
Biographical/Historical note:
Born in 1904 in Everett, Massachusetts, Frederick Johnson at an early age displayed an interest in indigenous cultures and an aptitude for indigenous languages. He studied anthropology at Tufts, the University of Massachusetts, and at the University of Pennsylvania, and eventually accompanied anthropologist and mentor Frank G. Speck on several trips throughout the Northeastern United States. Early in his career, Johnson worked with the Algonquin people and from 1917 to 1931 among the Innu, Mi'kmaq, Anishinaabe, and Mistassini Cree communities in Canada. Individuals from these communities noted that Johnson's primarily focus was to listen to elders and their stories. Many of Johnson's research trips during this period were sponsored by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) and Johnson would send collections of ethnographic materials and photographs back to the MAI in New York City. From 1936 to 1967, Johnson was the curator of Harvard's Peabody Museum and subsequently became the Museum's director, a post that he held until his retirement in 1969. Johnson passed away in 1994 in Lowell, Massachusetts.

For more information on Frederick Johnson ethnographic work in Canada see "Frederick Johnson's Canadian Ethnology in the Americanist Tradition" by Marilyn Norcini. Histories of Anthropology Annual, Volume 4, 2008, pp. 106-134.
Related Materials:
Frederick Johnson participated in the 1919 expedition to San Miguel Island (California) with Ralph Glidden, sponsored by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. Johnson's photographs from that expedition can be found in the Ralph Glidden photograph collection (NMAI.AC.001.028).

A collection of Frederick Johnson's papers and photographs can be found at the Robert S. Peabody Institute of Archaeology.
Separated Materials:
A significant collection of ethnographic materials from Canada accompanied the photographs by Johnson and can be found in NMAI's object collection. To view these objects, or for more information, please contact NMAI Collections or make an appointment through the NMAI website.
Provenance:
The photographs in this collection were sent to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, by Frederick Johnson between 1927-1931 along with his ethnographic field collections.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.

Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick Johnson photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.038
See more items in:
Frederick Johnson photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-038
Additional Online Media:

Frederick Johnson: Catalog Notes; Mi'kmaq (Micmac), Algonquin (Golden Lake and Lac Barriere), Anishinaabe (Ojibwa) and Potawatomi at Parry Island, and Miscellaneous United States Archaeology.

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collection Collector:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Davis, Edward H., b. 1862  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond), 1882-1971  Search this
Harvey, Byron  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Gridley, Marion E. (Marion Eleanor), 1906-1974  Search this
Wildschut, William  Search this
Stiles, William F., 1912-1980  Search this
Verrill, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt), 1871-1954  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), 1885-1936  Search this
Harvey, Fred  Search this
Keppler, Udo J., 1872-1956  Search this
Lothrop, S. K. (Samuel Kirkland), 1892-1965  Search this
Barrett, S. A. (Samuel Alfred), 1879-1965  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Collection Director:
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Collection Source:
Force, Roland W.  Search this
Burnett, Edwin K.  Search this
Container:
Box 302, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1927 - 1938
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-ref9530

MS 7029 Buch das gut, enthaltend den Katechismus, Betrachung

Creator:
Kauder, Christian , 1817-  Search this
Extent:
266 Items (ca. 266 pages)
Culture:
Micmac Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1866
Scope and Contents:
In hieroglyphics with German headings. Title page missing.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7029
Local Note:
Listed in James C. Pilling's Bibliography of the Algonquian Languages, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 13. page 275.
Topic:
Writing systems -- Micmac  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7029, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7029
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7029

MS 4668 Micmac Vocabulary and grammatical notes

Creator:
Muschamp, P. L.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (box )
14 Pages
Culture:
Micmac Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
14 pages consist of numbered English-Micmac word list, possibly following Powell outline or other printed schedule; to check.
Biographical / Historical:
Recorded 1935-37, while a student of Sapir at Yale University.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4668
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4668, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4668
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4668

Transformer: Native Art in Light and Sound—Curators Conversation

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2018-02-06T02:50:31.000Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_iF8ayT0BZ4s

MS 2806 Edward Sapir notes on vocabularies of Algonquian languages

Creator:
Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939  Search this
Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Extent:
28 Pages
Culture:
Cree -- Rupert's House  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Malecite Indians  Search this
Montagnais Indians  Search this
Micmac Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Abenaki Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Vocabulary
Date:
circa 1911
Scope and Contents:
Edward Sapir's typed notes on the vocabularies of various Algonquian languages that he collected in 1911. List of languages covered: Delaware, pages 1-6; Abnaki (Pierreville), page 7-12; Malecite (Riviere du Loup, Thomas Paul), pages 13-17; Micmac, pages 18-23, Cree (Rupert's House), pages 24-25; Montagnais (Louis Clairie, Pointe Bleue), pages 26-28. There are annotations and corrections in ink in Sapir's handwriting (identified by Mary Haas, 4/58). There are also pencil additions signed by Michelson; perhaps all of the pencil additions are his.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2806
Local Note:
Title changed from "Vocabularies" 5/1/2014.
Topic:
Algonquian languages  Search this
Munsee language  Search this
Abenaki language  Search this
Passamaquoddy language  Search this
Micmac language  Search this
Cree language  Search this
Montagnais language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy  Search this
Abnaki  Search this
Genre/Form:
Vocabulary
Citation:
Manuscript 2806, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2806
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2806
Additional Online Media:

MS 2800 Three Micmac stories by Chief Nicholas Jerome

Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Creator:
Jerome, Nicholas, Chief  Search this
Extent:
89 Pages
Culture:
Micmac Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Date:
1910
Scope and Contents:
Three Micmac stories handwritten in English by Chief Nicholas Jerome. These were collected by Truman Michelson during his fieldwork among the Micmac of Restigouche, Canada in 1910. The stories are: "The wejiboque," "The man who married the beaver," and "The man who married among the giants."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2800
Local Note:
Title changed from "Legends" 5/1/2014.
Topic:
Micmac language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Genre/Form:
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Citation:
Manuscript 2800, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2800
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2800
Additional Online Media:

MS 3437 Nomina verbalia with their verb-bases. Extracted as examples for the Bureau of American Ethnology from (chiefly) North American languages

Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Extent:
24 Pages
Culture:
Chippewa  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Peoria Indians  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Penobscot Indians  Search this
Shawnee Indians  Search this
Hidatsa Indians  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Maya  Search this
Micmac Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Passamaquoddy Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Peoria Indians  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Quiche  Search this
Nahuatl  Search this
Kechua  Search this
Kataba  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
1895
Scope and Contents:
Grammatical terms: Terms expressing actors, actions, etc. in the following dialects: Page: 2. Isleta 3. Arapaho 4. Nahuatl 5. Delaware 6. Penobscot 7. Passamaquoddy 8. Maya 9. Quiche 10. Kechua 11. Ojibwa 12. Kataba 13, 18, 24. Tonkawa 14. Dakota 15. Shawnee 16. Peoria 17. Blackfoot 19. Cree 20. Micmac 21. Peoria 22. Hidatsa 23. Wichita.
Includes 1 page (page 14) on Dakota and 1 page (page 22) on Hidatsa.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3437
Local Note:
autograph document signed
Topic:
Vocabularies -- American Indian  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Illinois  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3437, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3437
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3437

MS 3224 Micmac word list

Collector:
Chamberlain, Alexander Francis, 1865-1914  Search this
Extent:
28 Pages
Culture:
Micmac Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Incomplete; A through B.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3224
Local Note:
Dictionary of the language of the Micmac Indians *** by Reverend Silas Tertius Rand, D.D., L.L.D., 1888, VIII, 286.
Copy by AFC from Rand, publication ? Check.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3224, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3224
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3224

MS 2825 Micmac texts and notes collected by Truman Michelson

Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Creator:
Catpat, Mrs.  Search this
de Dame, Ekin  Search this
de Dame, Noel, Mrs.  Search this
Jerome, Nicholas, Chief  Search this
la Bob, Barney  Search this
Marchand, Noel  Search this
Extent:
143 Pages
Culture:
Micmac Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Vocabulary
Date:
1910
Scope and Contents:
Primarily texts with some linguistic notes from Truman Michelson's fieldwork among the Micmac in Restigouche, Canada. Michelson collected stories in Micmac from Barney la Bob, Noel Marchand, Mrs. Catpat, and Ekin de Dame. Chief Chief Nicholas Jerome provided interlineal English translations. There is also a story in English from Mrs. Noel de Dame. The linguistic notes cover vocabulary and grammar.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2825
Local Note:
Title changed from "Linguistics; legends; texts" 5/2/2014.
Topic:
Micmac language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Genre/Form:
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Vocabulary
Citation:
Manuscript 2825, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2825
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2825
Additional Online Media:

Overview of Maliseet and Mi'kmaq history / by David Perley

Author:
Perley, David 1949-  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (various pagings) : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Canada, Eastern
Date:
198u
198-?]
Call number:
E99.M195 P47 1980z
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_795498

Mi'kmawe'l tan teli-kina'muemk : teaching about the Mi'kmaq / [Tim Bernard, Leah Morine Rosenmeier and Sharon L. Farrell, editors]

Title:
Teaching about the Mi'kmaq
Author:
Bernard, Tim  Search this
Rosenmeier, Leah Morine  Search this
Farrell, Sharon L  Search this
Physical description:
209 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Nova Scotia
Date:
2015
Topic:
Micmac Indians--Education  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1101073

MS 3928 English-Algonquian vocabulary on cards, compiled from information in reply to letters of inquiry

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Culture:
Blackfoot  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Algonkin -- Massachusetts  Search this
Algonkin -- New England  Search this
Algonkin -- New Jersey  Search this
Algonquian -- Virginia  Search this
Penobscot Indians  Search this
Shawnee Indians  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Powhatan Indians  Search this
Algonkin  Search this
Abnaki  Search this
Malecite Indians  Search this
Montagnais Indians  Search this
Micmac Indians  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Atsina Indians  Search this
Passamaquoddy Indians  Search this
Miami Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Montauk Indians  Search this
Narragansett Indians  Search this
Ottawa Indians  Search this
Nascapi  Search this
Munsee Indians  Search this
Mohegan Indians  Search this
Natick  Search this
Nipissing Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Abenaki Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Naskapi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Massachuset Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
The information is secondary and lacks documentation. The cards are interfiled, but terms of the following languages are thought to be included: Abnaki, Algonkin, Arapaho, Atsina (Gros Ventres), Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Cree, Delaware, Malecite, Massachusetts Algonkin, Miami, Micmac, Mohegan, Montagnais, Montauk, Munsee, Narragansett, Nascapi, Natick, New England and New Jersey Algonkin, Nipissing, Ottawa, Passamaquoddy, Penobscot, Potawatomi, Powhatan, Shawnee, Virginia Algonquian.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3928
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Vocabularies  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Delaware (Lenape)  Search this
Odawa  Search this
Gros Ventre  Search this
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy  Search this
Algonqian  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Odawa  Search this
Gros Ventre  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Massachusett  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3928, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3928
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3928

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