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Oral history interview with Peter Rodriguez, 2004 October 23-24

Interviewee:
Rodriguez, Peter, 1926-  Search this
Interviewer:
Wagner, Nora  Search this
Subject:
Reyes Ferreira, Jesu?üs  Search this
Hernandez, Ester  Search this
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás  Search this
Williams, Adriana  Search this
Dickey, Terry P.  Search this
Garcia, Rupert  Search this
Tamayo, Rufino  Search this
Mexican Museum  Search this
Galeria de la Raza  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art  Search this
Painters  Search this
Arts administrators  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13148
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)249267
AAA_collcode_rodrig04
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_249267

Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material on Chicano art, 1965-2004

Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Subject:
Mesa-Bains, Amalia  Search this
Goldman, Shifra M.  Search this
Garza, Carmen Lomas  Search this
Mexican Museum  Search this
Royal Chicano Air Force  Search this
Studio 24 (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
DVDs
Slides (photographs)
Video recordings
Interviews
Photographs
Topic:
Mexico  Search this
Mexican American arts  Search this
Hispanic American art  Search this
Santos (Art)  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Household shrines  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5563
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216281
AAA_collcode_ybartoma
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216281
Additional Online Media:

The Mexican Museum, 1975-1985, San Francisco

Artist:
Rupert García, born French Camp, CA 1941  Search this
Printer:
Mission Grafica 85  Search this
Medium:
screenprint on paper
Dimensions:
image: 25 1/4 x 19 1/4 in. (64.1 x 48.8 cm) sheet: 30 1/8 x 22 1/8 in. (76.5 x 56.3 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1985
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Animal\cattle  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Tomás Ybarra-Frausto
Object number:
1995.50.22
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7ba512873-95be-40d8-a2b4-41807d4a1219
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1995.50.22

The Mexican Museum

Designer:
Jennifer Morla, American, b. 1955  Search this
Client:
The Mexican Museum  Search this
Medium:
Offset lithograph on white wove paper
Type:
poster
Poster
Object Name:
Poster
Made in:
San Francisco, California, United States
Date:
1995
Credit Line:
Gift of Jennifer Morla
Accession Number:
2019-7-8
Restrictions & Rights:
© Morla Design, Inc.
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq4ea102993-e7f9-47fe-84e8-dad92af15cd0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_2019-7-8

Norte/Sur

Author:
Connors, Andrew  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1991
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_153027

Mexican Museum Curator Search Committee

Collection Creator:
Selz, Peter Howard, 1919-  Search this
Container:
Box 15, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1989-1999
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Peter Howard Selz papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Peter Howard Selz papers, 1929-2018, bulk 1950-2005. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Peter Howard Selz papers
Peter Howard Selz papers / Series 5: Membership and Association Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-selzpete-ref438

Correspondence, Mexican Museum

Collection Creator:
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1981-1983
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Emmy Lou Packard papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Emmy Lou Packard papers, 1900-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Emmy Lou Packard Papers
Emmy Lou Packard Papers / Series 6: Reference Files on Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-packemmy-ref198

Diego! Selected Works 1896-1957

Creator:
Mexican Museum  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
1988
Topic:
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)1745
See more items in:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material on Chicano art, 1965-2004
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_1745
Additional Online Media:

The Mexican Museum, Fort Mason, California: Educational Materials

Collection Creator::
National Museum of American History.  Search this
Container:
Box 23 of 27
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 00-002, National Museum of American History., Exhibition Records
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa00-002-refidd1e12401

Folder 3 Mexican Museum, The, 1981

Collection Creator::
National Museum of American Art. Office of the Director  Search this
Container:
Box 80 of 97
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 322, National Museum of American Art. Office of the Director, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0322-refidd1e10018

Folder 1 Mexican Museum, 1975-1978

Collection Creator::
National Museum of American Art. Office of the Director  Search this
Container:
Box 17 of 97
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 322, National Museum of American Art. Office of the Director, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0322-refidd1e2049

Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material

Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Names:
Mexican Museum  Search this
Royal Chicano Air Force  Search this
Studio 24 (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-2011  Search this
Lomas Garza, Carmen  Search this
Mesa-Bains, Amalia  Search this
Extent:
33.1 Linear feet
1.27 Gigabytes
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Gigabytes
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Interviews
Place:
Mexico -- Religious life and customs
Date:
1965-2004
Summary:
The research material of Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, measures 33.1 linear feet and 1.27 GB and dates from 1965-2004. The collection, amassed throughout Ybarra-Frausto's long and distinguished career as a scholar of the arts and humanities, documents the development of Chicano art in the United States and chronicles Ybarra-Frausto's role as a community leader and scholar in the political and artistic Chicano movement from its inception in the 1960s to the present day.
Scope and Content Note:
The research material of Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, amassed throughout his long and distinguished career as a scholar of the arts and humanities, documents the development of Chicano art in the United States. As community leader and scholar, Ybarra-Frausto played dual roles of active participant and historian in the Chicano movement, chronicling this unique political and artistic movement from its inception in the 1960s to the present day.

Deeply rooted in American history, "El Movimiento," the Chicano movement, evolved from Mexican-Americans' struggle for self-determination during the civil rights era of the 1960s. It began as a grassroots community effort that enlisted the arts in the creation of a united political and cultural constituency. Chicano artists, intellectuals, and political activists were instrumental in mobilizing the Mexican-American community for the cause of social justice, and the movement was shaped by the affirmation of a cultural identity that embraced a shared heritage with Mexico and the United States.

Just as "El Movimiento" aimed to instruct and inspire through the recollection and conservation of culture, Ybarra-Frausto's own career as scholar and historian helped to shape the intellectual discourse of the Chicano art. As a leading historian and theoretician in the field of Chicano Studies, he has written extensively on the subject, and has been instrumental in defining the canons of Chicano art. His papers are accordingly rich and varied, and they will be of great use to future scholars.

His research material, dating from 1965 to 1996, are arranged in subject files containing original writings, notes, bibliographies compiled by Ybarra-Frausto and others, exhibition catalogues, announcements, newspaper clippings and other printed material, as well as slides and photographs. Many of these files also include interview transcripts and correspondence with prominent figures in the movement. While this research collection contextualizes Chicano art within the larger framework of Latino and Latin-American culture, the bulk of the files relates specifically to Chicano visual culture. The collection also contains pertinent documentation of the Chicano civil rights movement, material on Chicano poets and writers, and research files on the wider Hispanic community, but these also appear within the context of Chicano culture in general.

Prominent among the bibliographies are the many notes and drafts related to the publication of A Comprehensive Annotated Bibliography of Chicano Art, 1965-1981 (University of California, Berkeley, 1985), which Ybarra-Frausto co-authored with Shifra Goldman. Ybarra-Frausto's files on Goldman, like other files in the collection, document his close associations and collaborations with scholars.

Art historians have traditionally found the categorization of Chicano art a difficult task. Unsure whether to classify the work as "American" or "Latin American," critics often ignored the work altogether. An outgrowth of this dilemma was the proliferation of artists, curators, and critics within the Chicano community, and the papers contain many original writings by Chicano artists about Chicano art, found in extensive files on artists that will be of particular significance to researchers. These often contain exhibition essays, dissertation proposals, and course outlines authored by the artists, along with the standard biographies, exhibition records, and reviews. Some of the files contain rare interviews conducted and transcribed by Ybarra-Frausto. Highlights include conversations with Carmen Lomas Garza, Amalia Mesa-Bains, and members of the Royal Chicano Air Force artist cooperative.

As a member of several Chicano art organizations and institutions, Ybarra-Frausto kept active records of their operation. The extensive files on the Mexican Museum and Galerie de la Raza/Studio 24, both in San Francisco, not only chronicle the history of Chicano art through the records of exhibitions and programming, but also offer case studies on the development of non-profit art institutions. The files on artist cooperatives, organizations, and exhibition spaces cover several regions of the United States, but focus on California, Texas and New York.

Two notable events in the development of Chicano art were the 1982 Califas: Chicano Art and Culture in California seminar at the University of California at Santa Cruz, and the 1990 traveling exhibition Chicano Art: Resistance and Affirmation, 1965-1985 (CARA), of which Ybarra-Frausto served as organizer and catalogue essayist. His records document the planning and development of these seminal events. Ybarra-Frausto's files on folk art, altars, posters, murals, performance art, border art, Chicana feminist art, and Southwestern and Mexican imagery (both urban and rural expressions) mirror the diverse forms and subject matter of Chicano art.

Spanning almost four decades of American culture from a Chicano perspective, these files have a unique historical value. The legacy of Chicano art and its contribution to the cultural landscape of this country, kept alive in Ybarra-Frausto's files, attests to the richness and diversity of American art.

Henry C. Estrada

Research Fellow, 1997.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as a single series of subject files. The general contents of each folder have been listed. The subject files are arranged in alphabetical order. While no two files are alike, they may contain résumés, printed and digital material, letters, draft writings, and photographs. Unless otherwise noted, each listing represents one file folder. The abbreviation TYF was used to refer to the name Tomá Ybarra-Frausto throughtout the Series Description.
Autobiographical Note:
Papelitos (little bits of paper), whether rent receipts, paid bills, or piles of personal letters, can become layered bundles of personal history. I have always been a pepenador (a scavenger) and saver of paper scraps. Diary notes, scribbled annotations, and first drafts are often useful indicators of ideas and gestation. Papelitos are the fragments of every-day life that gain expanded meaning integrated into the larger historical events of a period.

In the decade of the 1960s, I started saving ephemeral material--exhibition announcements, clippings of individual artists and of organizations fomenting a Chicano art movement. The social scenarios of the period such as marches, strikes, sit-ins, and mobilizations for social justice all spawned manifestos, posters, leaflets, and other forms of printed material. I somehow managed to assemble and protect the evanescent printed information that recorded the birth and development of Chicano art.

As I started to research and write about Chicano art and artists of the period, I continued to clip, photocopy, and preserve material given me by Mexican-American artists from throughout the nation. My idea was to form an archive that would be comprehensive rather than selective. I knew that it was the offbeat, singular piece of paper with a missing link of information that would attract the scholar.

Today, several decades after the flowering of Chicano art, there is still a lamentable paucity of research and information about this significant component of American art.

It is my fervent hope that this compendium of information will function as a resonant print and image bank for investigators of Chicano culture. Perhaps contained within the archive are the facts that will inspire new visions or revisions of Chicano art and culture--this is my fondest dream.

Dr. Tomás Ybarra-Frausto

New York City, 1998
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art by Tomás Ybarra-Frausto in 1997, and in 2004.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Rights:
The Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Hispanic American art -- Sources  Search this
Mexican American artists -- Sources  Search this
Hispanic American artists -- Sources  Search this
Household shrines -- Mexico  Search this
Mexican American arts -- Sources  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Interviews
Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.ybartoma
See more items in:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ybartoma
Additional Online Media:

Mexican Museum [Folder]

Additional name:
Museo Mexicano  Search this
Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Place:
San Francisco (Calif.)
Topic:
Art Organizations  Search this
Location:
Art & Artist files at the Smithsonian American Art Museum/ National Portrait Gallery Library
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILAF_97900

The Mexican Museum

Collection Creator:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Flores, Elsa  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 49
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1992-1994
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is access restricted, except for Box 8; written permission is required. Contact Reference Services for more information.

Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
Authorization to publish, quote or reproduce six journals and sketchbooks (volumes 79-84) requires written permission from Elsa Flores.
Collection Citation:
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers, 1946-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-almacarl-ref124

The Mexican Museum (San Francisco)

Collection Creator:
Cancel, Luis R.  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Folder 30
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1988-1990
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings and born-digital records with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Collection Citation:
Luis Cancel papers, circa 1900-1998, bulk 1970-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Luis Cancel papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-cancluis-ref208

AMG: Mexican Museum, The - "From The Inside Out"

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution,Office of Quincentenary Programs  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 94-149, Smithsonian Institution,Office of Quincentenary Programs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa94-149-refd1e1247

GEN: Mexican Museum, Article from

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution,Office of Quincentenary Programs  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 94-149, Smithsonian Institution,Office of Quincentenary Programs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa94-149-refd1e1259

Lomas-Garza, Carmen

Collection Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Extent:
(6 folders; see also: CARA; Garcia, Rupert; Gronk; Box 30; OV 32)
Container:
Box 15, Folder 32-37
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
(exhibition announcements; exhibition brochures; catalogs; resume; sales receipt; book by Lomas Garza, Papel Picado: Paper Cutout Techniques, Xicanindio Arts Coalition, Mesa, Arizona, 1984; TYF's notes on Lomas Garza; clippings; oversize materials; slides; note to TYF from Lomas Garza, undated; note to TYF and Dudley, from Lomas Garza, undated; typescript of essay on Lomas Garza by TYF, from the catalog, Carmen Lomas Garza: Lo Real Maravilloso: the Marvelous/The Real, The Mexican Museum, San Francisco, 1988; catalog, Mano a Mano: Abstraction/Figuration: 16 Mexican-American & Latin-American Painters from the San Francisco Bay Area, The Art Museum of Santa Cruz County and University of California Santa Cruz, 1988; Festival Internaxional de la Raza, "Los Artistas Chicanos del Valle de Tejas: Narradores de Mitos Y Tradiciones," 1991; Handwritten transcript of interview with Lomas Garza by TYF; polaroid photographs of Lomas Garza; memo to Dudley and TYF from Vincente M. Martinez, Acting Chief Curator Millicent Rogers Museum, 04/03/1995, re. invitations to exhibition opening and loan of piece)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Collection Rights:
The Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-ybartoma-ref1011

Mexican Museum, San Francisco, California

Collection Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Container:
Box 17
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Collection Rights:
The Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-ybartoma-ref1106

Catalogs (see also: Buitrón, Robert; Gamboa, Harry Jr.; Gandert, Miguel; Mesa-Bains, Amalia; Noriega, Chon; Vargas, Kathy)

Collection Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Extent:
(2 folders)
Container:
Box 17, Folder 16-17
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1981-1996
Scope and Contents note:
(catalogs: The Mexican Museum Catalog of Selections from Its Collection With Introductions to Mexican and Mexican American Art, 1981; The Mexican Museum, 1983, with essay on Alfredo Arreguín by TYF; Lo Del Corazón: Heartbeat of a Culture, 1986, with text by Amalia Mesa-Bains and TYF; TYF's notes on Lo Del Corazí; From the West: Chicano Narrative Photography, 1996; Ceremony of Spirit, 1993; The Chicano Codices: Encountering Art of the Americas, 1992; Chicano Progeny: Investigative Agents, Executive Council, and Other Representatives from the Sovereign State of Aztlán., 1995; "Press Conference for design Architect" binder, 1995)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Collection Rights:
The Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-ybartoma-ref1107

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