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Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials

Creator:
Ellington, Ruth (Ruth Ellington Boatwright), 1915-  Search this
Names:
Tempo Music, Inc.  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
33 Cubic feet (77 boxes, 3 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Correspondence
Audiotapes
Music
Photographs
Date:
1923–1992
Summary:
The collection consists of correspondence, appointment books, business records, music manuscripts, sound recordings, photographs, and ephemera documenting the activities of Duke Ellington and the management of Tempo Music, Incorporated. There is a small amount of material relating to the Ellingotn family.
Scope and Contents:
The Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials includes music manuscripts (circa 1930-1981), sound recordings, Duke and Ruth Ellington's business and personal correspondence (1942-1991), business records covering the years 1923-1988, performances and programs covering the years 1951-1989, numerous awards and honors to Ellington and the orchestra, and personal papers relating to the Ellington family. Also among the materials are minutes of business meetings, letters, and newspaper clippings relating to the Duke Ellington Society in New York city, the certificate of incorporation and invitations for the Ellington Cancer Center, and slides, film, and home videos. The collection is arranged into eleven series.
Arrangement:
Divided into eleven series:

Series 1: Music Manuscripts, Scripts and Compositional Materials, 1930-1981, undated

Subseries 1.1: Music Manuscripts, undated

Subseries 1.2: Published Books, 1943-1986, undated

Subseries 1.3: Oversize Materials, undated

Subseries 1.4: Music Manuscript Notebooks and Untitled Music, undated

Subseries 1.5: Tempo Music, Incorporated Copyright Sheets of Non-Ellington Material, undated

Subseries 1.6: Uncopyrighted Submissions, 1958-2002, undated

Subseries 1.7: Notes, Scripts and Compositions, 1958-1969, undated

Series 2: Business Records, 1923-1988, undated

Series 3: Performance Materials, 1951-1989, undated

Series 4: Publicity, 1935-1992, undated

Series 5: Awards and Recognition, 1936-1989, undated

Series 6: Correspondence, 1942-1991, undated

Series 7: Photographs, 1937-1990, undated

Series 8: Family Papers, 1911-1981, undated

Series 9: Other Artists, 1955-1986, undated

Series 10: Harry Carney Materials, 1938-1959

Series 11: Audiovisual Materials, circa 1946-1970

Subseries 11.1: Sound Recordings, circa 1946-1970

Sub-subseries 11.1.1: Duke Ellington Concerts

Sub-subseries 11.1.2: Duke Ellington Volumes 1 through 58

Sub-subseries 11.1.3: Duke Ellington and His Orchestra

Sub-subseries 11.1.4: Duke Ellington Jazz Society Guest Talks

Sub-subseries 11.1.5: Interviews

Sub-subseries 11.1.6: Miscellaneous

Sub-subseries 11.1.7: Non-Ellington Materials

Sub-subseries 11.1.8: 16" Transcription Discs

Subseries 11.2: Moving Images, 1929 - 1970
Biographical / Historical:
Born in 1915, Ruth Dorothea Ellington Boatwright was the sister and only sibling of Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington. Sheltered and doted upon, she was almost sixteen years younger than her brother. She attended elementary and junior high schools in the Washington Metropolitan area and finished her basic schooling in New York City where the family moved in the early 1930s. Her mother, Daisy, died there in 1935, followed by her father, J. E. in 1937. Sometime after those life altering events, Ms. Ellington graduated from the New College program at Columbia University with a degree in biology.

In 1941, Duke Ellington established Tempo Music, and surprised his sister Ruth, by installing her as president of the company. He had a strong desire to maintain control of his own publishing, television, and recording rights, and after his sister's graduation, Duke felt that she could assist in accomplishing this goal.

Ruth's duties at Tempo included signing contracts, arranging some travel at Duke's request, and, most importantly, keeping Duke's music copyrighted. According to her own interview statement, she never arranged bookings. Other interests included hosting a Sunday salon for musicians, appearing at and listening to recording studio sessions once or twice a year, and keeping in touch with the older band members' wives. The older band members (i. e., Johnny Hodges, Harry Carney, Otto Hardwick, and Arthur Wetsol) along with the earlier singers (Ivie Anderson, Joya Sherrill, Marie Cole, and Kay Davis) were like family to Ruth.

In the 1950's, she was host of a radio program on WLIB in New York on which she interviewed guests including the writer Ralph Ellison.

Ruth Ellington's first marriage to Daniel James, a journalist and political scientist, produced two sons Michael and Stephen James. This marriage ended in divorce and she later married McHenry Boatwright, an operatic baritone. Boatright died in 1994.

Ruth was active in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. She was a founder of the jazz ministry of St. Peter's Lutheran Church in Manhattan and a friend of the first designated jazz pastor, the Reverend John Garcia Gensel.

After Duke's death in 1974, Ruth maintained Tempo until 1995 when she sold fifty one percent of the company to a New York publishing firm, Music Sales. Ruth Dorothea Ellington Boatwright died in 2004 at the age of 88 in Manhattan. She was survived by her two sons.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the National Museum of American History in 1991. A second set of materials was received from Ruth Ellington Boatwright in 1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials are available for use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Musicians -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Audiotapes
Music
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
Ruth Ellington Collection, 1923-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0415
See more items in:
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0415
Additional Online Media:

Exhibition Records, c. 1988-2012

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Office of Exhibits Central  Search this
Subject:
Dorn, Ellen  Search this
Gassett, Anne R  Search this
Robinson, Betsy Burstein  Search this
Waite, Seth  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Building (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Smithsonian International Gallery  Search this
Arts and Industries Building (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Arts and Industries Building Office of Exhibitions  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Office of Exhibits Central Special Exhibitions Division  Search this
Amazon Voyage: Vicious Fishes and Other Riches (Exhibition) (2006: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
America's Smithsonian (Traveling exhibition) (1995-1998)  Search this
American Heroes of the Olympic Spirit (Exhibition) (2008: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
American Sabor: Latinos in U.S. Popular Music (Exhibition) (2007-2008: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Artists at Work (Exhibition) (2011: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Buffalo Bill's Wild West Warriors: Photographs by Gertrude Käsebier (Exhibition) (2011: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Camelot at Dawn: Jacqueline and John Kennedy in Georgetown, May 1954 (Exhibition) (2003-2004: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Celebrating Scotland's Crafts (Exhibition) (2003: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Changing the Face of Power: Women in the U.S. Senate (Exhibition) (2003: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Cherokee Nation: A Portrait of a People (Exhibition) (2002: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Chicano Visions: American Painters on the Verge (Exhibition) (2002: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Chinese Script from Oracle Bones to Computer Bytes (Exhibition) (2004: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Clash of Empires: The British, French and Indian Wars, 1754-1763 (Exhibition) (2006-2007: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Classically Greek: Coins and Bank Notes from Antiquity to Today (Exhibition) (2008: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Close Up in Black: African American Film Posters (Exhibition) (2005: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Colombia at the Smithsonian: Colombian Presence in the Collections of the Smithsonian Institution (Exhibition) (2006-2007: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Contemporary Argentinean Art (Exhibition) (2010-2011: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Corridos Sin Fronteras: A New World Ballad Tradition (Exhibition) (2002: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Cyprus: Crossroads of Civilization (Exhibition) (2010-2011: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Dreams and Reality: Korean American Contemporary Art Celebrating 100 Years of Korean Immigration to America (Exhibition) (2003: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Driven: A National Juried Exhibit for Young Artists with Disabilities, Age 16-25 (2007: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Eight Wonders from the Salvador Dali Museum (Exhibition) (2004: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
El Rio: Culture and Environment in the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo Basin (Exhibition) (2003: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Exit Saigon, Enter Little Saigon: Vietnamese America Since 1975 (Exhibition) (2007: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Eyes on the World: Smithsonian Magazine Photo Contest (Exhibition) (2008-2009: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Fabric of Survival: The Art of Esther Nisenthal Krinitz (Exhibition) (2011-2012: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Game Face: What Does a Female Athlete Look Like? (Exhibition) (2001-2002: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Genome: The Secret of How Life Works (Exhibition) (2003: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Golden Threads: A Tapestry of Sephardic Experience (Exhibition) (1992: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Heart and Hands: Musical Instrument Makers of America (Exhibition) (2002: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
History Through Deaf Eyes (Exhibition) (2002: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
In Stabiano: Exploring the Ancient Seaside Villas of the Roman Elite (Exhibition) (2004: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
In the Russian Tradition: A Historic Collection of 20th-Century Russian Paintings (Exhibition) (2004-2005: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
In the Spirit of Martin: The Living Legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (Exhibition) (2003: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
International Joyce (Exhibition) (2005: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Jamestown, Québec, Santa Fe: Three North American Beginnings (Exhibition) (2009: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Jim Henson's Fantastic World (Exhibition) (2008: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Journeys of the Spirit (Exhibition) (2003: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Juke Joint (Exhibition) (2003: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Kaho'olawe: Rebirth of a Sacred Hawaiian Island (Exhibition) (2002: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Latin Jazz: La Combinacion Perfecta (Exhibition) (2002-2003: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Legendary Coins and Currency (Exhibition) (2005-2008: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Let Your Motto Be RESISTANCE: African American Portraits (Exhibition) (2007-2008: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Lola Alvarez Bravo (Exhibition) (2007: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Made in Northern Ireland: A Dynamic of Change (Exhibition) (2007: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Main Event: The Ali/Foreman Extravaganza Through the Lens of Howard L. Bingham (Exhibition) (2002: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
MathAlive (Exhibition) (2012: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Mexican Treasures of the Smithsonian (Exhibition) (2007-2008: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Miracles Under the Waves: Photographic Art of Akiyoshi Ito (Exhibition) (2005: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Momentum: A National Juried Exhibition for Emerging Artists with Disabilities, Ages 16-25 (2011-2012: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
My Story . . . Gordon Snidow Retrospective Exhibition (2003: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Myth, Mortals, and Immortality: Works from Museo Soumaya de Mexico (Exhibition) (2003: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
New York, September 11 by Magnum Photographers (Exhibition) (2002: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian (Exhibition) (2009: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
On Gold Mountain: A Chinese American Experience (Exhibition) (2001: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Our Priceless Heritage: Snapshots in Time From America's Public Lands (Exhibition) (2006: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Panamanian Passages (Exhibition) (2010: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Photo du Jour: David Hume Kennerly's Picture-a-Day Journey Through the First Year of the Millennium (Exhibition) (2002: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Porcelains from the Collections of the Correale Museum of Sorento, Italy (Exhibition) (2005: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Posters from the Division of Community Education (DIVEDCO) of Puerto Rico, 1949-1989 (Exhibition) (2008-2009: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Read My Pins: The Madeline Albright Collection (Exhibition) (2010: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Retratos: 2,000 Years of Latin American Portraits (Exhibition) (2005-2006: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Revealing Culture (Exhibition) (2010: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Road to Freedom: Photographs of the Civil Rights Movement, 1956-1968 (Exhibition) (2008-2009: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Santos: Substance and Soul (Exhibition) (2000-2001: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Singgalot: Ties that Bind - From Colonial Subjects and 'National' to Citizens, A Century of Filipino (Exhibition) (2006: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Southern Identity: Contemporary Argentine Art (Exhibition) (2010-2011: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Spiritual Visions: The Religious Images of Borikň, Puerto Rico (Proposed exhibition)  Search this
Stamps of Approval (Exhibition) (2011: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The AIDS Memorial Quilt - The Names Project Foundation (Exhibition) (2012: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Beatles: Backstage and Behind the Scenes (Exhibition) (2004-2005: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Brain: The World Inside Your Head (Exhibition) (2001-2002: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Egypt Story: Photographs by Fred J. Maroon (Exhibition) (1993: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Healer Within (Exhibition) (2003: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Healing Power of Art: Works of Art by Haitian Children after the Earthquake (Exhibition) (2010-2011: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Invisible Industry: Journey Down the Upper Mississippi (Exhibition) (2003: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Lost World of James Smithson (Exhibition) (2007-2008: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Patents and Trademarks of Steve Jobs: Art and Technology that Changed the World (Exhibition) (2012: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Silk Road Ensemble: Portraits and Places (Exhibition) (2002: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Third Worldwide Exhibition of Fine Art in Miniature of the World Federation of Miniatures (Exhibition) (2004: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Welsh Table (Exhibition) (2009: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Theatre in Revolution: Russian Avant-Garde Stage Design, 1913-1935 (Proposed exhibition)  Search this
Time Magazine: Person of the Year at 75 (Exhibition) (2002: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Walter Inglis Anderson: Everything I See is New and Strange (Exhibition) (2003-2004: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Within the Emperor's Garden, the Ten Thousand Springs Pavilion (Exhibition) (2007: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Women and Spirit: Catholic Sisters in America (Exhibition) (2010: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Worthy of the Nation: Planning America's Capital (Exhibition) (2007-2008: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
11 cu. ft. (11 record storage boxes)
Type:
Books
Collection descriptions
Brochures
Clippings
Exhibition catalogs
Manuscripts
Pamphlets
Picture postcards
Compact discs
Digital versatile discs
Digital images
Electronic records
Floppy disks
Architectural drawings
Floor plans
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Audiotapes
Videotapes
Date:
1988
1988-2012
c 1988-2012
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 13-079
See more items in:
Exhibition Records 1948-2016 [Smithsonian Exhibits]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_361545

Exhibition Records, 1968-2010

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service  Search this
Subject:
Africa's Legacy in Mexico: Photographs by Tony Gleaton (Traveling exhibition) (1993-1996)  Search this
African American Artists, 1880-1987: Selections from the Evans-Tibbs Collection (Exhibition) (1989: Hanover, N.H.)  Search this
America's First Ladies (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
American Agriculture: A Continuing Revolution (Traveling exhibition) (1975-1980)  Search this
Americanos: Latino Life in the United States (Traveling exhibition) (1999-2004)  Search this
And the Band Played On (Traveling exhibition) (1975-1979)  Search this
Antoin Sevruguin and the Persian Image (Traveling exhibition) (2003-2005)  Search this
Beyond Category: The Musical Genius of Duke Ellington (Traveling exhibition) (1993-1996)  Search this
Black Presence in the Era of the American Revolution, 1770-1800 (Traveling exhibition) (1974-1979)  Search this
Children in Bondage: Photographs of Child Laborers by Lewis W. Hine (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
Corridos Sin Fronteras: A New World Ballad Tradition (Traveling exhibition) (2002-2004)  Search this
Creativity and Resistance: Maroon Cultures in the Americas (Traveling exhibition) (1999-2006)  Search this
Do It Yourself: Home Improvement in 20th-Century America (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
Exploring Garden Transformations, 1900-2000 (Traveling exhibition) (2000-2005)  Search this
Feast Your Eyes: The Unexpected Beauty of Vegetable Gardens (Traveling exhibition) (2002-2005)  Search this
Field to Factory: Afro-American Migration, 1915-1940 (Traveling exhibition) (1987-1994)  Search this
First Ladies: Political Role and Public Image (Traveling exhibition) (2004-2007)  Search this
Generations: Birth Rituals and the Roots of Becoming (Exhibition) (1987)  Search this
Jack Tar - American: Profiles of Merchant Seafarers, 1783-1804 (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
Jack Tar, American Navigator (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
July 1942: United We Stand (Traveling exhibition) (2003-2005)  Search this
Just before the War: Urban American from 1935 to 1941 as Seen by Photographers of the Farm Security Administration (Exhibition)  Search this
Latin Jazz: La Combinacion Perfecta (Traveling exhibition) (2002-2004)  Search this
Lilliput, U.S.A., American Miniature Furnishings, 1840-1940 (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
Long Road Up the Hill: Blacks in Congress, 1870-1983 (Traveling exhibition) (1985-1996)  Search this
Manuscripts of the American Revolution (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
Oliphant: Paintings and Cartoons (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
Picturing the Century: 100 Years of Photography from the National Archives (Traveling exhibition) (2000-2007)  Search this
Played with Immense Success (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
Precious Legacy: Judaic Treasures from the Czechoslovak State Collections (Exhibition) (1983: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Ride On! The Bicycle Exhibition (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
Rotten Truth about Garbage (Traveling exhibition) (c. 1999)  Search this
Star Wars: The Art of the Starfighter (Naboo) (Traveling exhibition) (2001-2002)  Search this
Star Wars: The Magic of Myth (Traveling exhibition) (1999-2003)  Search this
Subway: An Underground Exhibition (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
Suiting Everyone (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
The Artistry of African Currency (Traveling exhibition) (2001-2005)  Search this
These Rare Lands (Traveling exhibition) (2000-2006)  Search this
Twenty Bicentennial Banners (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
Voyage: A Journey through Our Solar System (Traveling Exhibition) (2000-2010)  Search this
Wade in the Water: African-American Sacred Music Traditions (Traveling exhibition) (1996-2003)  Search this
What Style Is It? (Traveling exhibition) (1987-1992)  Search this
Yesterday's Tomorrows: Past Visions of the American Future (Traveling exhibition) (2001-2005)  Search this
Jazz Age in Paris: 1914-1940 (Traveling exhibition) (1996-2003)  Search this
Out of Time: Designs for the 20th Century Future (Traveling exhibition) (2000-2003)  Search this
Physical description:
10 cu. ft. (10 record storage boxes)
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Brochures
Clippings
Compact discs
Floor plans
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white transparencies
Color negatives
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Electronic records
Date:
1968
1968-2010
Topic:
Contracts  Search this
Traveling exhibitions  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-021
Restrictions & Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2026; Transferring office; 9/27/1984 memorandum, Glenn to Loar; Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Exhibition Records circa 1952-2015 [Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_296227

Departmental Records, 1957, 1961-1989, 1997-2003

Creator:
Renwick Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Herman, Lloyd E  Search this
Monroe, Michael W  Search this
Trapp, Kenneth R  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Renwick Gallery Building (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
200 Years of Royal Copenhagen Porcelain (Exhibition) (1974: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
A Century of Ceramics in the U.S., 1878-1978 (Exhibition) (1979-1980: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
A Feast of Color: Corpus Christi Dance Costumes from Ecuador (Exhibition) (1981: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
A Modern Consciousness: D. J. DePree and Florence Knoll (Exhibition) (1975: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
American Art Deco (Exhibition) (1987: Washignton, D.C.)  Search this
American Art Pottery (Exhibition) (1988: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
American Porcelain: New Expressions in an Ancient Art (Exhibition) (1980-1981: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Americas: The Decorative Arts in Latin America in the Era of the Revolution (Exhibition) (1976-1977: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
An Interior Decorated: Joyce Kozloff (Exhibition) (1980: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Architecture in Silver (Exhibition) (1985: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Arne Jacobsen, Danish Architect and Designer (Exhibition) (1976: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Belgian Lace (Exhibition) (1980: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Bound to Vary: Billy Budd, Sailor (Exhibition) (1989: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Boxes and Bowls: Decorated Containers by 19th Century Haida, Tlingit, and Tsimshian Indian Artists (Exhibition) (1973-1975: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Bo'Jou, Neefee! Profiles of Canadian Indian Art (Exhibition) (1978-1979: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Celebration: A World of Art and Ritual (Exhibition) (1982-1983: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Chicago Furniture (Exhibition) (1984-1985: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Clay Revisions: Plate, Cup, Vase (Exhibition) (1988: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Clay for Walls (Exhibition) (1983-1984: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Contemporary Australian Ceramics (Exhibition) (1983-1984: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Contemporary Nigerian Art: Craftsmen from Oshogbo (Exhibition) (1974: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Contemporary Textile Art from Austria (Exhibition) (1974-1975: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Costumes from the Arab World (Exhibition) (1980: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Craft Multiples (Exhibition) (1975-1976: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Cynthia Schira: New Work (Exhibition) (1987-1988: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Dan Dailey: Glass, 1972-1987 (Exhibition) (1987: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Design Is . . . (Exhibition) (1973-1975: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Edward Colonna (Exhibition) (1984: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Fanfare: Fans from the 18th Century - 20th Century, Parts I, II, III (Exhibition) (1984: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Figure and Fantasy (Exhibition) (1974-1975: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Frank Lloyd Wright and the Johnson Wax Building: Creating a Corporate Cathedral (Exhibition) (1986: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
French Folk Art (Exhibition) (1977-1978: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Georg Jensen, Silversmithy: 77 Artists, 75 Years (Exhibition) (1980: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Glass by Dale Chihuly: The Cylinder and Basket Series (Exhibition) (1978-1979: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Good as Gold: Alternative Materials in American Jewelry (Exhibition) (1981-1982: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Grass (Exhibition) (1977-1978: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Harvey K. Littleton Retrospective Exhibition (Exhibition) (1984: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Irena Brynner: Jewelry Since 1950 (Exhibition) (1979-1980: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Lafayette Square, 1963-1983: Architecture, Preservation, and the Presidency (Exhibition) (1983-1984: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Lost and Found Traditions: Native American Art 1965-1985 (Exhibition) (1987-1988: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Man Made Mobile: The Western Saddle (Exhibition) (1974: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Masterworks of Louis Comfort Tiffany (Exhibition) (1989-1990: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Material Evidence: New Color Techniques in Handmade Furniture (Exhibition) (1985: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
New Glass (Exhibition) (1980: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
New Stained Glass (Exhibition) (1978-1979: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Newcomb Pottery (Exhibition) (1984-1985: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Paint on Wood: Decorated American Furniture Since the 17th Century (Exhibition) (1977: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Painted Weavings by Lia Cook and Neda Alhilali (Exhibition) (1980: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Quilts from the Indiana Amish (Exhibition) (1987: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Ronald Pearson: Silver and Gold (Exhibition) (1978: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Russel Wright: American Designer (Exhibition) (1983-1984: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Russia: The Land, The People, 1840-1910 (Exhibition) (1986-1987: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Ryijy Rugs from Finland: 200 Years of a Textile Art (Exhibition) (1979-1980: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scandinavian Modern 1880-1980 (Exhibition) (1983: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Signs of Life: Symbols in the American City (Exhibition) (1976: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Skoogfors, 20th Century Goldsmith (Exhibition) (1979: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Stephen de Staebler: The Figure (Exhibition) (1988-1989: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Animal Image: Contemporary Objects and the Beast (Exhibition) (1981: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Art of Turned Wood Bowls (Exhibition) (1986: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Boat Show: Fantastic Vessels, Fictional Voyages (Exhibition) (1989: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Decorative Designs of Frank Lloyd Wright (Exhibition) (1977-1978: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Designs of Raymond Loewy (Exhibition) (1975: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Flexible Medium: Art Fabric from the Museum's Collection (Exhibition) (1984-1985: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Goldsmith (Exhibition) (1974: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Grand Renwick Souvenir Show (Exhibition) (1982: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Harmonious Craft: American Musical Instruments (Exhibition) (1978-1979: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The New Fabric Surface: Printed, Painted, and Dyed (Exhibition) (1978: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Object as Poet (Exhibition) (1976-1977: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Tibetan Yak in Art and Craft (Exhibition) (1984: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Woven and Graphic Art of Anni Albers (Exhibition) (1985-1986: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Threads: Seven American Artists and Their Miniature Textile Pictures (Exhibition) (1982-1983: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Treasures from the Land, Twelve New Zealand Craftsmen and their Native Materials (Exhibition) (1985-1986: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Twills with Titles: H. Theodore Hallman, Weaver Kenneth A, Mills, Poet (Exhibition) (1980: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Venini Glass (Exhibition) (1981: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
William Harper: Recent Works in Enamel (Exhibition) (1977-1978: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
25 cu. ft. (25 record storage boxes)
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Brochures
Exhibition catalogs
Architectural drawings
Floor plans
Black-and-white photographs
Color transparencies
Color photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Color negatives
Date:
1957
1957-2003
1957, 1961-1989, 1997-2003
Topic:
Art museum curators  Search this
Art museum directors  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Buildings--Repair and reconstruction  Search this
Craft festivals  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Lectures and lecturing  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Museum stores  Search this
Special events  Search this
Museums--Administration  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 10-128
Restrictions & Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2019; Transferring office; 09/30/2010 memorandum, Toda to Robinson; Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Departmental Records 1957, 1961-2009 [Renwick Gallery]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_292978

Exhibition Records, 1990-2004

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Office of Exhibits Central  Search this
Subject:
Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service  Search this
American Voices: Latino Photographers in the United States (Traveling exhibition) (c. 1997)  Search this
An Ocean Apart: Contemporary Vietnamese Art from the United States and Vietnam (Traveling exhibition) (1995-1997)  Search this
Art of Jack Delano (Traveling exhibition) (c. 1997)  Search this
Artrain: Art in Celebration! (Traveling exhibition) (1996-1999)  Search this
Beauties of the Coral Reef (Traveling exhibition) (circa 1998)  Search this
Before Freedom Came: African American Life in the Antebellum South (Traveling exhibition) (1993-1996)  Search this
Beyond Category: The Musical Genius of Duke Ellington (Traveling exhibition) (1993-1996)  Search this
Brown vs. Board of Education (Traveling exhibition) (c. 2004)  Search this
Constance Stuart Larrabee: World War II Photo Journal (Traveling exhibition) (1990-1995)  Search this
Creativity and Resistance: Maroon Cultures in the Americas (Traveling exhibition) (1999-2006)  Search this
Dreams and Traditions: 300 Years of British and Irish Paintings from the Ulster Museum, Belfast (Traveling exhibition) (1987-1998)  Search this
Exotic Illusions: Art, Romance, and the Marketplace (Traveling exhibition) (1997-1998)  Search this
Flag in American Indian Art (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
Fragile Ecologies: Artists' Interpretations and Solutions (Traveling exhibition) (1992-1995)  Search this
Fred E. Miller: Photographer of the Crows (Traveling exhibition) (1993-1995)  Search this
Full Deck: Art Quilts (Traveling exhibition) (1995-1999)  Search this
Going Strong: Older Americans on the Job (Traveling exhibition) (circa 1998)  Search this
Graceful Envelope (Traveling exhibition) (c. 2000)  Search this
Hannelore Baron (Traveling exhibition) (c. 2000)  Search this
Jazz Age in Paris: 1914-1940 (Traveling exhibition) (1996-2003)  Search this
Looping the Loop: Posters of Early Flight (Traveling exhibition) (2000-2002)  Search this
Matchsafes (Traveling exhibition) (c. 2001)  Search this
Millennium Messages (Traveling exhibition) (1999-2000)  Search this
On Miniature Wings: Model Aircraft from the National Air and Space Museum (Traveling exhibition) (1999-2002)  Search this
Out of Time: Designs for the 20th Century Future (Traveling exhibition) (2000-2003)  Search this
Perpetual Campaign: The Making of the People's President (Traveling exhibition) (1992-1994)  Search this
Photographing History: Fred J. Maroon and the Nixon Years, 1970-1974 (Traveling exhibition) (2000)  Search this
Pilot's Eye (Traveling exhibition) (c. 2001)  Search this
Red, Hot, and Blue: A Salute to American Musicals (Traveling exhibition) (c. 1998)  Search this
Seeing Jazz (Traveling exhibition) (1997-1999)  Search this
Serving Home and Community: Women of Southern Appalachia: Photographs by Barbara T. Beirne (Traveling exhibition) (circa 1999)  Search this
Six Bridges: The Making of a Modern Metropolis (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
Small Wonder: Worlds in a Box (Traveling exhibition) (2001-2003)  Search this
Spiders! (Traveling exhibition) (1994-2000 )  Search this
Stories from Life: The Photographs of Horace Bristol (Traveling exhibition) (circa 1996)  Search this
Strong Hearts: Native American Visions and Voices (Traveling exhibition) (c. 1997)  Search this
The Long Road Up the Hill: Blacks in Congress, 1870-1983 (Traveling exhibition) (1985-1996)  Search this
The Prairie Schoolhouse: A Photo Essay by John Martin Campbell (Traveling exhibition) (1996-2000)  Search this
The Real McCoy: African-American Invention and Innovation, 1619-1930 (Exhibition) (1989: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
These Rare Lands (Traveling exhibition) (2000-2006)  Search this
This Land is Your Land: The Life and Legacy of Woody Guthrie (Traveling exhibition) (1999-2002)  Search this
Try This On: A History of Clothing, Gender, and Power (Traveling exhibition) (1994-1997)  Search this
Vanishing Amphibians (Traveling exhibition) (circa 1997)  Search this
Wade in the Water: African-American Sacred Music Traditions (Traveling exhibition) (1996-2003)  Search this
We Shall Overcome: Photographs from the American Civil Rights Era (Traveling exhibition) (1998-2004)  Search this
Who's in Charge: Workers and Managers in the United States (Traveling exhibition) (1992-1996)  Search this
Women and Flight (Traveling exhibition) (c. 1997)  Search this
Women of Taste: A Collaboration Celebrating Quilt Artists and Chefs (Traveling exhibition) (1999-2002)  Search this
Physical description:
6 cu. ft. (6 record storage boxes)
Type:
Brochures
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Drawings
Black-and-white transparencies
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1990
1990-2004
Topic:
Traveling exhibitions  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 08-010
See more items in:
Exhibition Records 1948-2016 [Smithsonian Exhibits]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_274813

Judith K. Zilczer research photographs, ca. 1974-2003

Creator:
Zilczer, Judith  Search this
Names:
Dove, Arthur Garfield, 1880-1946  Search this
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943  Search this
Lindner, Richard, 1901-  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia, 1887-1986  Search this
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Extent:
2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1974-2003
Summary:
Photograph prints, negatives and color transparencies documenting early modern American artists and the contemporary artist Richard Lindner.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes photographic images (black-and-white photographic prints, negatives and color transparencies) collected by art historian Judith Zilczer in support of her research in early modernists, collectors and patronage; early 20th century sculpture, post-Impressionists; and music and art synergies. Among the artists represented: Milton Avery, Oscar Bluemner, John Covert, Andrew Dasburg, Arthur B. Davies, Charles Demuth, Arthur Dove, Marcel Duchamp, Marsden Hartley, B.J.O. Nordfelt, Georgia O'Keeffe, Francis Picabia, Horace Pippen, Morton Schamberg, Charles Sheeler, Joseph Stella, Abraham Walkowitz and Max Weber.

A second large part of the collection consists of research images assembled during the organization of the Hirshhorn Museum's 1996 retrospective exhibition for artist Richard Lindner.

In addition, the collection also includes some typescript manuscripts and article offprints authored by Zilczer in which the images were featured, including:

"Decoding John Covert's Time, 1919," Art Bulletin, Vol. LXXV, no. 4 (Dec. 1993), pp. 713-722.

"Light Coming on the Plains: Georgia O'Keeffe's Sunrise Series," artibus et historiae, No. 40, 1999, pp. 191-208.

"Color Music": Synaesthesia and Nineteenth Century Sources for Abstract Art," artibus et historiae, No. 16, 1997, pp. 101-126.
Arrangement:
The collection has been arranged into two series:

Series I: Early Modernists

Series 2: Richard Lindner
Biographical / Historical:
Judith K. Zilczer, Curator Emerita of the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, organized more than two dozen exhibitions in her twenty–nine years at the museum, where she served as Historian, Curator of Paintings, and Acting Chief Curator.

She has written and lectured widely on modern and contemporary art and is particularly known for her work on connections between music and art, and artists such as Horace Pippin, Willem de Kooning, and Richard Lindner. Born in 1948, she holds a PhD from the University of Delaware.
Provenance:
The collection was receieved as a gift from Judith K. Zilczer in 2014.
Restrictions:
The collection, which is undergoing processing and cataloging, is open for research use in the Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum. Advance appointments are required.
Rights:
Copyright restrictions may apply.
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Art, American -- Photographs  Search this
Citation:
Judith K. Zilczer Collection, Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
Identifier:
SAAM.Photo.ZIL
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Research and Scholars Center
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-saam-photo-zil

Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974

Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Subject:
Waegen, Rolf Hans  Search this
Glaenzer, Eugene  Search this
de Hauke, César  Search this
Seligmann, Jacques  Search this
Seligmann, René  Search this
Parker, Theresa D.  Search this
Mackay, Clarence Hungerford  Search this
Liechtenstein, House of  Search this
Schiff, Mortimer L.  Search this
Haardt, Georges  Search this
La Fresnaye, Roger de  Search this
Seligman, Germain  Search this
Arenberg  Search this
Seligmann, Arnold  Search this
Trevor, Clyfford  Search this
MM. Jacques Seligmann & fils  Search this
Eugene Glaenzer & Co  Search this
Gersel  Search this
Germain Seligmann & Co  Search this
De Hauke & Co., Inc  Search this
Type:
Gallery records
Topic:
Art  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Art, European  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Art treasures in war  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Art, Renaissance  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9936
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212486
AAA_collcode_jacqself
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212486
2 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 1
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 2
Additional Online Media:

Judith Zilczer papers

Creator:
Zilczer, Judith  Search this
Names:
Armory Show (1913: New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975  Search this
Coady, Robert J., 1881-1921  Search this
Dasburg, Andrew, 1887-1979  Search this
Dawson, Manierre, 1887-1969  Search this
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943  Search this
Hartmann, Sadakichi, 1867-1944  Search this
Linder, Richard  Search this
Munson, Gorham Bert, 1896-1969  Search this
Quinn, John, 1870-1924  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1910-1995
bulk 1973-1995
Summary:
The papers of curator, art historian, and author Judith Zilczer measure 0.4 linear feet and date from 1910-1995, with the bulk of material dated 1973-1995. The papers contain project files and related correspondence, unpublished manuscripts, photographs, and printed material documenting her research as an independent art historian.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of curator, art historian, and author Judith Zilczer measure 0.4 linear feet and date from 1910-1995, with the bulk of material dated 1973-1995. The papers contain project files and related correspondence, unpublished manuscripts, photographs, and printed material documenting her research as an independent art historian.

This collection documents the correspondence and research of Judith Zilczer pertaining to her doctoral dissertation, The Aftermath of the Armory Show, 1913-1918, where she examines the arguments of both artists and critics over the question of abstraction in art during the early period of the twentieth century. Research files include information on Sadakichi Hartmann, Thomas H. Benton, Manierre Dawson, Andrew Dasburg, John Quinn, Alfred Stieglitz, Michael Brenner, Robert J. Coady and Gorham Munson. Project files document Synchromism, the Forum Exhibit and the Hartley Symposium at the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Richard Lindner Exhibition at the Hirshhorn Museum. Written transcripts include "Robert J. Cody, Man of the Soil" and "Musical Analogy". Researchers should note that this collection does not include a copy of her doctoral thesis.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 2 series.

Series 1: Project Files, 1910-1995 (Box 1; 21 folders)

Series 2: Writings, circa 1980s (Box 1; 3 folders)
Biographical / Historical:
Judith Zilczer (1948-) was an art historian, author, and Curator Emerita of the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington D.C. She organized more than two dozen exhibitions in her twenty-nine years at the museum, where she served as Historian, Curator of Paintings, and Acting Chief Curator. Her exhibition publications include Willem de Kooning from the Hirshhorn Museum Collection (1993), Richard Lindner: Paintings and Watercolors, 1948-1977 (1996), and Visual Music: Synaesthesia in Art and Music Since 1900 (2005). A 1975 graduate of the doctoral program of the University of Delaware, she wrote her thesis on The Aftermath of the Armory Show 1913-1918. She has received numerous awards, including the 2006 George Wittenborn Memorial Book Award of the Art Libraries Society of North America. Dr. Zilczer has written and lectured widely on modern and contemporary art and is a leading authority on the art of Willem de Kooning.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Paul Allen Reed conducted by Judith Zilczer, April 29, 1994.

Additionally, Papers relating to art commissioned for the Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center, 1992-1998, donated by Judith Zilczer, can be found at Archives of American Art.

The Smithsonian Institution Archives in Washington, D.C. holds a large collection of Judith K. Zilczer Papers, 1975-2003.
Provenance:
Creator Judith Zilczer donated her papers to the Archives of American Art in 2014.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Occupation:
Authors -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Curators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Art, Abstract  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Art historians -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Synchromism (Art)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Judith Zilczer papers, 1910-1995, bulk 1973-1995. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.zilcjudt
See more items in:
Judith Zilczer papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-zilcjudt
Additional Online Media:

Groucho Marx Collection

Artist:
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975  Search this
Collector:
Marx, Groucho (Julius Henry), 1890-1977 (comedian)  Search this
Names:
Four Nightingales  Search this
Marx Brothers  Search this
Paramount Pictures  Search this
RKO Pictures (studio)  Search this
Three Nightingales  Search this
United Artists  Search this
Warner Brothers  Search this
Marx, Chico  Search this
Marx, Harpo  Search this
Palmer, Minnie  Search this
Extent:
12 Cubic feet (39 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Personal papers
Photographs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Photographic prints
Scrapbooks
Sheet music
Correspondence
Place:
Hollywood (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Date:
1911-1978
Scope and Contents:
Series 1: Correspondence, 1932-1977 is arranged alphabetically by correspondent. In 1965, Marx gave the Library of Congress a portion of his correspondence with well-known personages. The majority of the correspondence in this collection dates from the post World War II era (Marx's early correspondence is located at the Library of Congress.) This series includes correspondence from well-known persons, fans, admirers and friends. There is an extensive amount of correspondence with the screenwriter Nunnally Johnson. The series includes letters concerning public relations, Walt Disney caricatures of the Marx Brothers, The Grouchophile permission letters, unidentified correspondence and one letter from Chico Marx to Gummo Marx.

Series 2: Publications, Manuscripts and Print Articles by Marx, 1930-1958, undated is arranged chronologically with circa and undated material placed before the book manuscripts. This series contains written material by Groucho Marx excepting scripts and sketches. The series includes articles written by Marx for national magazines, various speeches and manuscripts for three of Marx's books.

Series 3: Scripts and Sketches, 1939-1959, undated, is arranged alphabetically with television scripts and sketches placed before full-length movie and theatre scripts. This series contains television, motion picture and theatre scripts and sketches, monologues, and related written material pertaining to works starring or featuring Marx. It also contains scripts for the one theatrical play written by Marx, A Time for Elizabeth.

Series 4: Scrapbooks, 1923-1978 is arranged chronologically and contains sixteen scrapbooks spanning Marx's career from his first Broadway success, I'll Say She Is to the year after his death. Of particular interest are the early scrapbooks for the Marx Brothers career, a scrapbook spanning the years 1934-1958 complied by Marx himself for his daughter Melinda, a photographic scrapbook compiled by the staff of Life magazine documenting a 1963 magazine layout of Marx and his then wife Eden Hartford Marx. There is also a scrapbook devoted to Chico Marx's brief career as a bandleader in the mid-late 1940s.

Series 5: Music,circa 1930-1975, undated is arranged alphabetically and includes original music manuscripts written by Marx and songs for Marx's shows and motion pictures and unidentified manuscripts perhaps written by Marx, his friends, his daughter Melinda or her music teacher. It also includes commercially produced sheet music purchased by Marx, copies of songs featured in Marx's motion pictures, music from "Minnie's Boys the theatrical production based on the Marx Brothers and their mother, an autographed copy of "Stay Down Here Where You Belong" by Irving Berlin, songs written by Marx published commercially, and Marx's copy of a collection of songs by Gilbert and Sullivan.

Series 6: Publicity, ca. 1911-1977 contains theatre programs, motion picture reviews, newspaper clippings both foreign and domestic, record album covers, a book cover and one poster of the Marx Brothers. There are items related specifically to Chico Marx. This series is arranged chronologically.

Series 7: Artwork and Photographs, 1911-1976, undatedis arranged according to subject matter and includes artwork, features cartoons and caricatures of the Marx Brothers by various artists including the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer art department and Hirschfield, sketches of the Marx Brothers by Sheila Smith, Peggy Jacobs, Bridget Crowe and Mark E. Williams (all probably fans of the Marx Brothers), various candid photographs, publicity photographs and studio portraits of Marx, his brothers, his immediate family, correspondence and related images and photographic negatives and transparencies.

Series 8: Personal and Family Documents, 1925-1975, undated contains documents relating to Marx's personal life and his brothers Chico Marx, Harpo Marx, and his daughter Melinda. Of particular interest is Marx's copy of the transcript of his divorce deposition from Eden Hartford Marx, two proclamations from the City of Los Angeles and a portfolio cover made for him by his daughter Melinda. This series is arranged chronologically.

Series 9: Audiovisual, 1929-1970 includes home movies of Groucho, brothers Harpo and Chico, and Groucho's wife and children as well as film and kinescope copies of television programs featureing Groucho as the star or guest.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 9 series.

Series 1: Correspondence,1932-1977

Series 2: Publications, Manuscripts, and Print Articles by Groucho Marx, 1930-1958, undated

Series 3: Scripts and Sketches, 1939-1959, undated

Series 4: Scrapbooks, 1923-1978

Series 5: Music, circa 1930-1975, undated

Subseries 5.1: Original Music Manuscrpts

Subseries 5.2: Commercially Produced Sheet Music and Collections

Series 6: Publicity, circa 1911-1977

Series 7: Artwork and Photographs, 1911-1976, undated

Subseries 7.1: Artwork

Subseries 7.2: Photographs

Subseries 7.3: Photographic Negatives and Transparencies

Series 8: Personal and Family Documents, 1925-1978, undated

Series 9: Audiovisual

Subseries 9.1: Moving Images

Subseries 9.2: Sound Recordings
Biographical / Historical:
One of 20th century America's most enduring comics and cultural icons was Groucho Marx. Julius Henry Marx, better known as Groucho, was born in New York City on October 2, 1890. He was the third of five sons born to Minna and Samuel Marx. Minna's brother, Al Shean, was a part of the well-known vaudeville team, Gallagher and Shean.

The Marx family consisted of five boys: Leonard (Chico), Arthur (Harpo), Julius (Groucho), Milton (Gummo) and Herbert (Zeppo). The family lived in the Yorkville section of New York City. Groucho had a high soprano singing voice and his first job was singing in the choir of an Episcopal church. He joined Gus Hall and his vaudeville troupe when he was eleven. Groucho attended P.S. 86 but never went beyond the 7th grade. Minna organized the Three Nightingales with Groucho, Gummo and a girl singer. The girl was eventually replaced by a boy tenor and Harpo joined the troupe. The name of the group was changed to The Four Nightingales. Minnie acted as the group's manager. The group became known as the Marx Brothers with everyone except Gummo taking part in the act. The family moved to Chicago ca. 1904 where their grandfather lived.

The brothers toured the South and Midwest performing a vaudeville skit called, "Fun in Hiskule". It is noted that the comedy act began in Nacogdoches, Texas. The Marx Brothers first big success came in 1919 with their vaudeville act entitled "Home Again". In 1920, they were booked into the Palace Theatre in New York City and played there for thirteen months. They were later banished from the circuit due to a contract violation - they had accepted employment without Albee's permission. Groucho married Ruth Johnson on February 4th, 1920 and divorced her in July 1942. They had one daughter, Miriam and one son, Arthur born in 1921.

In 1923, they toured with the show, "I'll Say She Is", a collection of vaudeville routines that Groucho had written in collaboration. The show ran on Broadway for thirty-eight weeks. On December 8, 1925, the brothers (using their nicknames professionally for the first time) opened on Broadway in "The Cocoanuts". The play was written expressly for them by George S. Kaufman and Morris Ryskind with music by Irving Berlin. The brothers made a silent film circa 1924 called "Humor Risk" but it was never released. "Animal Crackers" opened on October 23, 1928. It was in this show that Groucho created one of his most famous characters, Captain Spaulding, the African explorer. Groucho was by this time paired with Margaret Dumont, stooge and foil, whom Groucho claimed never, really understood the Marx Brothers comedy.

On the strength of their success in "The Cocoanuts", they were signed to a film contract. In 1929, they made the film version of "The Cocoanuts" while performing "Animal Crackers" on the stage. Their mother, Minna Marx died the same year. The following year they starred in the film version of "Animal Crackers". Both films were made in New York City. In 1931, Groucho moved to Hollywood where The Marx Brothers made thirteen films. The brothers signed with Paramount Pictures and made "Monkey Business" (1931), "Horsefeathers" (1932) and "Duck Soup" (1933) while at the studio. In 1933, Zeppo left the troupe and Samuel Marx died.

In February 1934, Groucho and Chico teamed up in a radio program called, "Flywheel, Shyster and Flywheel", about characters who were comic lawyers. In March 1934, they replaced Ethel Waters on a weekly radio series sponsored by the American Oil Company. In 1935, the brothers starred in "A Night at the Opera" for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, a film produced by Irving Thalberg and a sequel, "A Day at the Races" (1937). In addition to working for MGM, the brothers starred in "Room Service" (1938) for the RKO studio.

The brothers discontinued the act in September 1941 but reunited for the film "A Night in Casablanca" (1946) and "Love Happy" (1949). Groucho found work as a solo artist making films for RKO, Warner Brothers and Paramount. In March 1943, the Pabst Blue Ribbon Brewery sponsored a half-hour variety show on CBS starring Groucho. Groucho married his second wife, Catherine "Kay" Gorcey in July 1945, they had one daughter Melinda. They divorced in 1951. Groucho continued to guest on many radio shows and continued to be at his peak when ad-libbing. John Guedel created "You Bet Your Life" for Groucho in October 1947. The show aired over the ABC radio network. It moved to CBS and in 1950 it was purchased by NBC and ran on television until 1961. The show ran for a total of four years on radio and eleven years on television. Groucho won radio's Peabody Award as best comedian on radio in 1948; an Emmy award in 1951; and the Motion Picture Daily Annual TV poll from 1951-1954.

Groucho was also musical. He played the guitar, but never as part of his shows. He was also an author and a playwright. He wrote the stage play, "A Time for Elizabeth", in 1948 with Norman Krasna. The play ran for eight days on Broadway but had longer runs in summer stock. In July 1954, Groucho married his third and final wife Eden Hartford. They divorced in December of 1969. In 1967, Simon and Schuster published excerpts from letters Groucho had donated to the Library of Congress in 1965. The book was entitled The Groucho Letters. Groucho authored other books, Groucho and Me (1959) his autobiography, The Secret Word is Groucho (1976) with Hector Arce and The Grouchophile (1976).

Groucho retired in 1961 but in 1972 with the help Erin Fleming, his companion and manager since 1969, he toured in a solo act. The show entitled, "An Evening with Groucho" played Carnegie Hall in New York City in May 1972. Groucho was made a Commander of the French Order of Arts and Letters at the Cannes Film Festival in 1972. In 1974, Groucho received an honorary Academy Award (Oscar) for the contribution of the Marx Brothers to the art of film. Marx died on August 19th, 1977.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Julius H. (Groucho) Marx, through the Estate of Groucho Marx, August 5, 1987.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies of audiovisual materials must be used.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Comedians -- 1920-1970  Search this
Entertainment  Search this
Radio comedies  Search this
Comedy  Search this
Theater  Search this
Radio programs  Search this
Vaudeville  Search this
Television programs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Personal papers
Photographs -- 20th century
Motion pictures (visual works)
Photographic prints
Scrapbooks
Sheet music
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Citation:
Groucho Marx Collection, 1911-1978, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0269
See more items in:
Groucho Marx Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0269
Additional Online Media:

Maceo Jefferson Papers

Creator:
Jefferson, Yvonne Runtz  Search this
Jefferson, Maceo  Search this
Donor:
Cargill, Thomas  Search this
Cargill, Darlene Johnson  Search this
Names:
Washingtonians, The.  Search this
Extent:
8 Cubic feet (26 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Hymnals
Programs
Correspondence
Legal records
Marriage certificates
Business records
78 rpm records
Passports
Sheet music
Music
Photographs
Contracts
Clippings
Birth certificates
Date:
1800s-1974
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the life and career of jazz musician, arranger, songwriter, and bandleader Maceo Jefferson. It includes biographical documents such as birth and marriaige certificates and passports; letters, mostly relating to the music business and including carbon copies of letters sent by Jefferson; photographs, many inscribed, including photographs of performers from the early jazz era; a hymnal used by Jefferson; several pieces of published sheet music written by Jefferson; concert programs, including a hand-made one for a concert given inside a Nazi internment camp where Jefferson was detained for two years; lyrics to songs; some business records, many in French; legal records; recordings, including 78 rpm records; and music manuscripts, which comprise roughly three fourths of the collection. Additionally, Jefferson's wife, Yvonne Runtz Jefferson, was a costume designer, and there are photographs relating to her work in the collection.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into seven series.

Series 1: Personal Papers, 1891-1978, undated

Series 2: Correspondence, 1909-1976, undated

Series 3: Business Records and Performance Materials, 1932-1971, undated

Series 4: Legal Records, 1920s-1970s, undated

Series 5: Music Manuscripts, Published Sheet Music, and Folios, 1891-1972, undated

Subseries 5.1: Jefferson Compositions, 1920-1972, undated

Subseries 5.2: Compositions by Oother Composers, 1921-1971, undated

Subseries 5.3: Sheet Music, 1891-1970, undated

Subseries 5.4: Folios, Songbooks and Instruction, 1870s-1950s

Series 6: Photographs, 1800s-1960s

Series 7: Recordings, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Maceo Buchannan Jefferson was born on July 14, 1898 in Beaufort, South Carolina to Reverend Paul William Jefferson and Julia Rose Singleton. The oldest of five children, Jefferson showed an early aptitude for both banjo and guitar. He enlisted in the Navy on April 6, 1917 and was released from service on December 24, 1919. According to the 1920 census, Jefferson lived in Portsmouth Monroe Ward, Portsmouth, Virginia as a laborer with the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad. During this time, he played with Gus Perry at the Limelight's Nightclub. Jefferson then moved to Norfolk, Virginia for two years before moving to Washington, DC. As noted in his resume, while in the District of Columbia Jeffersone, he performed with the J. R. Branson Orchestra in a dance hall on U Street and the Roscoe Lee Orchestra at the Better Old Club. He married Riccolin E. Sutherland on October 21, 1922. Jefferson spent another two years in a nightclub in Washington, where he met Duke Ellington and joined his band, the Washingtonians. By early 1923, Jefferson had joined Wilber Sweatman, and worked in a succession of nightclubs and theaters in New York, Brooklyn, and New Jersey. He also accompanied singer Ethel Waters on a recording session for Columbia Records. In 1926, he joined the Lew Leslie Blackbirds Plantation Orchestra and went on a European tour in 1927 with the band and singer Florence Mills. Jefferson joined Leon Abbey's band in 1928, and eventually relocated to Paris, France. During this time, he performed with several jazz bands and musicians including Louis Armstrong before returning to New York where he played in Willie "The Lion" Smith's band and toured with W. C. Handy. The late 1930s and 1940s found him back in France where he married a Parisian woman, Yvonne Josephine Stephanie Runtz, in 1937. Jefferson toured with different bands in France, England, Scotland, Belgium, Holland, Switzerland, and Italy until the end of May 1940. In June, he drove a truck for the American Hospital of Paris to the base hospital of Angouleme for which he received no salary. From August to November, Jefferson worked for the American Red Cross as a driver transporting the sick and, injured, and distributing medicine and food. Jefferson resumed his musical career arranging, composing, copying, and playing music from December 1940-December 1941. His career took a dramatic turn when the Nazis, under the Vichy government, imprisoned him, three days after the United States declared war on Germany. Jefferson spent twenty-seven months in prison camp stalag 122 in Compiegne, France and while imprisoned led an orchestra. In 1944, the Nazis released and sent Jefferson back to the United States where he lived in New York before relocating to Bridgeport, Connecticut. In the latter part of his life and musical career, he focused on composition and developing new arrangements for old songs. He never fully regained his health after his time in the concentration camp. Jefferson died on June 15, 1974 in Bridgeport, Connecticut.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Duke Ellington Collection (AC0301)

Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection (AC1323)

W. C. Handy Collection (AC0132)

Gottlieb and Bodansky Family Papers (AC1245)
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center in 2015 by Jefferson's grand-nephew Thomas Cargill and his wife Darlene Johnson Cargill.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Concentration camps -- France  Search this
Composers  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Banjoists  Search this
Composers -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Hymnals
Programs -- Concerts -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Legal records -- 20th century
Marriage certificates
Business records -- 20th century
78 rpm records
Passports
Sheet music -- 20th century
Music -- Manuscripts
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 20th century
Contracts -- 20th century
Clippings -- 20th century
Birth certificates
Citation:
Maceo Jefferson Papers, 1898-1974, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1370
See more items in:
Maceo Jefferson Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1370
Additional Online Media:

John and Devra Hall Levy Collection

Performer:
Lincoln, Abbey, 1930 -  Search this
Adderly, Nat, 1931-  Search this
Wilson, Nancy, 1937-  Search this
Mbulu, Letta  Search this
Adderley, Cannonball  Search this
Montgomery, Wes, 1925-1968  Search this
Horn, Shirley, 1934-  Search this
Donor:
Levy, Devra Hall  Search this
Creator:
Levy, John, 1912-2012  Search this
Extent:
23.6 Cubic feet (96 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Financial records
Interviews
Press releases
Schedules
Contracts
Correspondence
Itineraries
Articles
Scrapbooks
Business records
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Professional papers
Photographs
Date:
1916-2010, undated
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents Levy's short career as a musician, his longer career as a manager, and the careers of some of his clients. The client most well represented in the collection is Nancy Wilson, with recordings, photographs, correspondence, financial statements, and contracts included. Papers relating to other clients include business records such as ledgers, scheduling information, itineraries, and contracts; publicity materials such as articles, press kits, photographs, and videotapes; personal correspondence; photographs; oral history interviews; scrapbook pages; recordings, some commercial and some non-commercial; and miscellany. The non-commercial recordings feature artists including Nancy Wilson, Cannonball Adderley, Nat Adderly, Abbey Lincoln, Wes Montgomery, Shirley Horn, Letta Mbulu, and others. Also included are some of Wes Montgomery's music manuscripts.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into six series.

Series 1: Personal Papers, 1916-2010, undated

Series 2: Business Records, 1957-2007, undated Series 3: Photographic Materials, 1963-2002, undated

Series 4: Artist Files, 1942-2001-05-12

Series 5: Joe Williams, 1962-2007, undated

Series 6: Nancy Wilson, 1959-2008, undated
Biographical / Historical:
John Levy (1912--) is renowned as a leading representative of jazz musicians and as the first African American to work in the music industry as a personal manager. Born in New Orleans, his family moved to Chicago when he was six. By the early 1940s he had begun playing bass in jazz bands around town. In 1944, Levy left Chicago with the Stuff Smith Trio to play an extended engagement at the Onyx club on New York City's 52nd Street. Over the next years, he played and recorded with many jazz notables, including Ben Webster, Buddy Rich, Errol Garner, Rex Stewart, Milt Jackson, and Billy Taylor, as well as with Billie Holiday at her comeback performance at Carnegie Hall in 1948. In 1949, blind pianist George Shearing hired Levy for his own group and as they toured the country, Levy gradually took on the role of road manager. By 1951, Levy stopped performing to become the group's full-time manager, making history as the first African American manager of a major musical group, and establishing the career he would continue for the next fifty years.

Levy's client roster included many major artists, including Nat and Cannonball Adderley, Betty Carter, Roberta Flack, Herbie Hancock, Shirley Horn, Freddie Hubbard, Ahmad Jamal, Ramsey Lewis, Abbey Lincoln, Herbie Mann, Wes Montgomery, Carol Sloane, Joe Williams, and Nancy Wilson, as well as Arsenio Hall (the only comedian he has managed among some 100 entertainers). In recognition of his achievements, Levy has received numerous awards, including induction into the International Jazz Hall of Fame (1997), receiving a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Los Angeles Jazz Society (2002), and being named a National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Master (2006). His autobiography, Men, Women, and Girl Singers: My Life as a Musician Turned Talent Manager, written with his wife Devra Hall, was published in 2001 and expanded into a photo book, Strollin': A Jazz Life through John Levy's Personal Lens, released in 2008 on the occasion of his 96th birthday.
Related Materials:
Bobby Short Papers
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center in 2011 by Devra Hall Levy.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Music trade -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Sound recordings -- Album covers  Search this
Sound recordings -- Jazz -- 1930-1990 -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Financial records -- 20th century
Interviews
Press releases
Schedules
Contracts
Correspondence -- 20th century
Itineraries
Articles
Scrapbooks
Business records -- 20th century
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Professional papers -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
John and Devra Hall Levy Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1221
See more items in:
John and Devra Hall Levy Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1221

Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie

Creator:
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993  Search this
Fishman, Charles  Search this
Extent:
20 Cubic feet ( 31 boxes, 2 map folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Awards
Business records
Clippings
Manuscripts
Financial records
Photographs
Music
Posters
Audiovisual materials
Date:
1940-2006
bulk 1987-1993
Summary:
Collection documents the career of noted American jazz musician Dizzy Gillespie, through a donation from his former manager, Charles Fishman.
Scope and Contents:
The collection primarily documents Charles Fishman's tenure as Gillespie's manager, 1985-1993, and is composed of business records. There is also a significant amount of personal material and photographs from the 1940s-1980s, much of which was saved by Mr. Fishman when Dizzy Gillespie wanted to throw these materials away or take them home.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into eleven series.

Series 1: Personal Materials, 1988-1993

Series 2: Correspondence, 1987-2002

Series 3: Business Files, 1979-2001

Series 4: Contracts, 1989-1993

Series 5: Performance Programs, 1984-1987

Series 6: Awards and Honors, 1989-1991

Series 7: Music Manuscripts, undated

Series 8: Photographs, 1941-1993

Subseries 8.1: Dizzy Gillespie, 1941-1992

Subseries 8.2: Albums, 1988-1993

Subseries 8.3: Other Artrists, undated

Subseries 8.4: Negatives, undated

Series 9: Newspaper clippings and magazine articles, 1958-2000, undated

Series 10: Artwork and Posters, 1987-2006

Subseries 10.1: Artwork, 1990-2004

Subseries 10.2: Posters, 1987-2006

Series 11: Audio Visual Materials, 1950-1992
Biographical / Historical:
Born in South Carolina in 1917, John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie was a master jazz trumpeter, bandleader, singer, and composer. In the 1940s, he was one of the principal developers of both bebop and Afro-Cuban jazz. Through the multitudes of musicians with whom he played and who he encouraged, he was one of the most influential players in the history of jazz.

The youngest of nine children, Gillespie was exposed to music by his father, a part-time bandleader who kept all his band's instruments at home, where young Gillespie tried them out. At age twelve, he received a music scholarship to the Laurinburg Institute in North Carolina, where he played trumpet in the school band. In 1935, at age eighteen, he moved to Philadelphia and joined his first band, where his clownish onstage behavior and sense of humor earned him his nickname, "Dizzy." Thereafter, he was almost constantly joining and leaving, or forming and disbanding, bands of various size and style, as he set out to first hone his talent, then to develop his own creative innovations and to publish his recordings, and then to fulfill his lifelong desire to lead his own band. Along the way, he played with, collaborated with, encouraged, and influenced, all of the major – and most of the minor – jazz musicians of his age, including Charlie Parker, Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, Benny Carter, Billy Eckstine, Cab Calloway, and John Coltrane.

In 1937, Gillespie moved to New York, where he joined Teddy Hill's band; with Hill he made his first overseas tour, to England and France. By 1939, he had joined Cab Calloway's band and also had received his first exposure to Afro-Cuban music. In 1940, Gillespie met Charlie "Bird" Parker, Thelonious Monk, and Kenny Clarke and together they began developing a distinctive, more complex style of jazz that became known as bebop or bop. In the early 1940s, Gillespie made several recordings of this new sound. In 1945, he formed and led his own big band, which was quickly downsized into a quintet due to financial problems. He was able to reform the band the next year and keep it together for four years, but it was disbanded in 1950. During this time, he began to incorporate Latin and Cuban rhythms into his work. In 1953, a dancer accidentally fell on his trumpet and bent the bell. Gillespie decided he liked the altered tone and thereafter had his trumpets specially made that way.

In 1956, after leading several small groups, the U.S. State Department asked Gillespie to assemble a large band for an extensive cultural tour to Syria, Pakistan, Turkey, Greece, and Yugoslavia; a second tour, to South America, took place several months later. Although he kept the band together for two more years, the lack of government funding prevented him from keeping such a large group going and he returned to leading small ensembles. In 1964, displaying the humor for which he was well-known, Gillespie put himself forward as a candidate for President.

Gillespie continued to tour, perform, record, and to collaborate with a wide range of other musicians throughout the 1970s and 1980s. He continued to encourage new styles and new talents, such as Arturo Sandoval, whom he discovered during a 1977 visit to Cuba. In 1979, Gillespie published his autobiography, To Be or Not to Bop. In the late 1980s, he organized and led the United Nations Orchestra, a 15-piece ensemble that showcased the fusion of Latin and Caribbean influences with jazz. In these later years, although still performing, he began to slow down and enjoy the rewards of his extraordinary talent. He received several honorary degrees, was crowned a chief in Nigeria, was awarded the French Commandre d'Ordre des Artes et Lettres, won a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, and received both the Kennedy Center Medal of Arts and the ASCAP Duke Ellington Award for 50 Years of Achievement as a composer, performer, and bandleader. Dizzy Gillespie passed away on January 6, 1993.
Related Materials:
Materials held in the Archives Center

Duke Ellington Collection (NMAH.AC.0301)

Paquito D'Rivera Papers (NMAH.AC.0891)

Materials held in the Division of Culture and the Arts

Includes Dizzy Gillespie's iconic "bent" trumpet (1986.0003.01); sound recordings, a button, and a sculpture.

Materials at Other Organizations

Dizzy Gillespie Collection, circa 1987-2000, University of Idaho Library, Special Collections and Archives
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Charles Fishman, Dizzy Gillespie's manager, in 2007.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Trumpet players -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Awards
Business records -- 20th century
Clippings -- 20th century
Manuscripts -- Music -- 20th century
Financial records -- 20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1940-2000
Music -- Manuscripts
Posters -- 20th century
Audiovisual materials
Citation:
Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0979
See more items in:
Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0979
Additional Online Media:

Night in Tunisia [for Trumpet I] music manuscript]

Composer:
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993  Search this
Collection Creator:
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993  Search this
Fishman, Charles  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11" x 17".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Scope and Contents:
Black print on cream paper. Dizzy Gillespie composed "Night in Tunisa" in 1942.
Arrangement:
Box No. 21.
Local Numbers:
AC0979-0000005.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Included in Archives Center Jazz Appreciation Month display, April 1-May 31, 2010, "Jazz at the Philharmonic--Bringing Jazz to the World," curated by Wendy Shay.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Jazz musicians  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts -- Music -- 20th century
Collection Citation:
Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie
Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie / Series 7: Music Manuscripts / "Night in Tunisa" (trumpet)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0979-ref1263

Ralph Burns Papers

Creator:
Burns, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (4 boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Holographs
Scores
Photographs
Date:
circa 1940-1994
Summary:
This collection contains sheet music and presentation scores of songs written and arranged by composer Ralph Burns.
Scope and Contents:
This collection documents the career of the composer and arranger Ralph Burns. The papers include six holograph scores, three bound presentation scores, photographs, a calendar and a bound scrapbook created by Burns' mother containing photographs, programs and clippings.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Music Manuscripts and Photographs

Series 2: Bound Broadway Presentation Scores
Biographical / Historical:
Ralph Burns (1922-2001) was a jazz composer and arranger. Born in Newtown Massachusetts, Burns moved to New York City in the 1940s and worked with the Woody Herman Band, arranging some of their most famous songs, including "Apple Honey," and "Early Autumn." He later had a successful career arranging film scores.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Ralph Burns, 2000.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Musicians -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Holographs
Scores
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
Ralph Burns Collection, circa 1940-1994, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0736
See more items in:
Ralph Burns Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0736
Additional Online Media:

William Russo Music and Personal Papers

Creator:
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Russo, William, 1928-2003  Search this
Photographer:
Claxton, William  Search this
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Composer:
Kenton, Stan  Search this
Musician:
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Names:
Chicago Jazz Ensemble  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
87 Cubic feet (188 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Music
Audiotapes
Business records
Photographs
Correspondence
Librettos
Awards
Posters
Programs
Scrapbooks
Scores
Lecture notes
Date:
1920-2002
Summary:
Papers and audiovisual materials documenting Russo's career in music.
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes Russo's original and published music scores, parts and arrangements; audiovisual materials including recordings of broadcasts of Russo's radio show, performances of Russo's compositions, including performances by Duke Ellington, and film and video recordings of Russo's productions in theater and opera; and personal papers such as correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, publicity files, contracts, etc. Among the most significant items in the collection are experimental jazz arrangements for Stan Kenton in the late 1940s-early 1950s, undated arrangements for Gerry Mulligan, Russo's original arrangement of Duke Ellington's Sacred Concert, scores to his first and second symphonies, and scores and libretti to several early rock operas. The photographs include images of persons such as Ellington, Kenton, and Billy Strayhorn, and photographs by jazz photographers Herman Leonard and William Claxton. 2007 addendum includes correspondence, mostly between Russo and his family; eighteen diaries for 1946-1967 (not all years are present) with sparse entries, some in Italian; and additional music manuscripts, parts, scores and libretti.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into nine series.

Series 1: William Russo's Music

Series 2: Teaching Notes

Series 3: Correspondence

Series 4: Publicity, Programs, and Reviews

Series 5: Posters and Artwork

Series 6: Photographs

Series 7: Books and Lecture Notebooks

Series 8: Memorabilia

Series 9: Audiovisual Materials
Biographical / Historical:
William Russo, renowned American jazz composer, arranger, and founder of the Chicago Jazz Ensemble, had a music career that spanned five decades and included performance, conducting and composition. During his career he worked with such diverse talents as Duke Ellington, Billy Strayhorn, Leonard Bernstein, Cannonball Adderly, Yehuidi Menuhin, Dizzy Gillespie, Seiji Ozawa, and Billie Holiday. Although critics acknowledged Russo mainly for his pioneering contributions to the big-band jazz canon, his talents extended to a far wider range of musical styles, creating groundbreaking jazz scores, rock operas, classical works, film scores, and educational textbooks on jazz orchestration and arrangement. In all, he composed over 200 pieces for jazz orchestra with more than 25 recordings of his work. In 1990, Russo received a Lifetime Achievement award from NARAS, the organization that presents the Grammy Awards.

As a young trombonist, Russo studied with Lennie Tristano, the pianist and theorist who became a leader in the progressive jazz movement. During the late 1940s, Russo led the revolutionary Experiment in Jazz band. At age 21, he became one of the chief composers/arrangers for the Stan Kenton Orchestra, one of the most innovative and influential jazz orchestras of the postwar era. In his four years with Kenton, Russo penned such classic Kenton works as "23° North – 82° West," and "Frank Speaking."

Russo made several major jazz recordings under his own name before his classical "Symphony No. 2 in C (TITANS)" received a Koussevitsky award in 1959; it was performed by the New York Philharmonic that same year under Leonard Bernstein, who had commissioned the work. This award marked Russo's "official" entry into the world of classical music. Russo continued to write major symphonic works throughout his career, including his 1992 grand opera, "Dubrovsky."

After his tenure with Kenton, in the early 1950s, Russo led his own successful bands, The Russo Orchestra in New York, and the London Jazz Orchestra, before returning to Chicago to form the Chicago Jazz Ensemble in 1065. With the Ensemble, he presented Duke Ellington's "First Concert of Sacred Music" in 1967. This was one of the rare times when Ellington allowed one of his compositions to be arranged and performed by a jazz orchestra other than his own, and was a reflection of Ellington's respect for Russo. Shortly after this performance, Russo composed a rock cantata, "The Civil War," that led him into the field of rock opera. After concentrating on classical music again in the 1970s, in the late 1980s, Russo began to re-explore the history of jazz through his revived Chicago Jazz Ensemble. In 1995, the Chicago Jazz Ensemble made history with the first-ever complete live performance of Gil Evans' and Miles Davis' "Sketches of Spain" in its original form. Recent Russo works that premiered in Chicago included "Chicago Suite No. 1," and "Chicago Suite No. 2," a recording that was published posthumously in the spring of 2003.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

William Russo Transcription and Arrangement of Duke Ellington's First Concert of Sacred Music, 1967-1968 (AC0406)
Provenance:
Bequeathed to the Smithsonian by William Russo. Papers collected after Russo's death in 2003. The 2007 addendum sent by Russo's sister and daughter were also part of the bequest.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Composers -- 20th century  Search this
Opera  Search this
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Music -- Manuscripts
Audiotapes
Business records -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Librettos
Awards
Posters -- 20th century
Programs
Scrapbooks
Scores
Lecture notes
Citation:
William Russo Music and Personal Papers, 1920s-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0845
See more items in:
William Russo Music and Personal Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0845
Additional Online Media:

Brown suede [music]

Composer:
Ellington, Mercer Kennedy, 1919-1996 (musician)  Search this
Lyricist:
Persons, Ted  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Ruth (Ruth Ellington Boatwright), 1915-  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (manuscript, 32 cm.)
Container:
Box 5, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Music
Piano vocal scores
Scope and Contents:
1 score
Brown suede is contained in one folder consisting of 1 four page piano vocal score in Eb Major concert -- in pencil -- in unidentified hand (ME?).
Piano vocal score lyrics begin "Most of all, I recall those little things ...". -- from the Ruth Ellington Collection.
General:
Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, Wayne Shirley, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Condition: worn, tape.
Related Materials:
Ruth Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 3), 1940-1991
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials are available for use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts -- Music -- 20th century
Music
Piano vocal scores
Collection Citation:
Ruth Ellington Collection, 1923-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials / Series 1: Music Manuscripts, Scripts, and Compositional Materials / 1.1: Music Manuscripts
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0415-ref1011

D.A. blues [music]

Composer:
Hodges, Johnny  Search this
Ellington, Mercer Kennedy, 1919-1996 (musician)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Ruth (Ruth Ellington Boatwright), 1915-  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (copy score, 32 cm.)
Container:
Box 6, Folder 24
Type:
Archival materials
Copy scores
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Scope and Contents:
1 part
D.A. blues is contained in one folder consisting of 1 part in C Major concert -- in ink -- in unidentified hand (Whaley?).
Part for piano. -- from the Ruth Ellington Collection.
Biographical / Historical:
Copyright 1972 by Tempo Music, Inc.
General:
Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, Wayne Shirley, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Condition: fair.
Related Materials:
Ruth Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 3), 1940-1991
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials are available for use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Copy scores
Manuscripts
Music
Parts (musical)
Collection Citation:
Ruth Ellington Collection, 1923-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials / Series 1: Music Manuscripts, Scripts, and Compositional Materials / 1.1: Music Manuscripts
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0415-ref1092

Deep in romance [music]

Composer:
Ellington, Mercer Kennedy, 1919-1996 (musician)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Ruth (Ruth Ellington Boatwright), 1915-  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (copy score, 32 cm.)
Container:
Box 6, Folder 27
Type:
Archival materials
Copy scores
Manuscripts
Music
Piano vocal scores
Scope and Contents:
1 score
Deep in romance is contained in one folder consisting of 1 two page piano vocal score in Eb Major concert -- in ink -- in unidentified hand.
Piano vocal score lyrics begin "Deep in romance you never see the cares of the day ...". -- from the Ruth Ellington Collection.
General:
Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, Wayne Shirley, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Condition: fair.
Related Materials:
Ruth Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 3), 1940-1991
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials are available for use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Copy scores
Manuscripts
Music
Piano vocal scores
Collection Citation:
Ruth Ellington Collection, 1923-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials / Series 1: Music Manuscripts, Scripts, and Compositional Materials / 1.1: Music Manuscripts
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0415-ref1102

Ebony [music]

Composer:
Ellington, Mercer Kennedy, 1919-1996 (musician)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Ruth (Ruth Ellington Boatwright), 1915-  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (copy score, 29 cm.)
Container:
Box 8, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Copy scores
Lead sheet
Manuscripts
Music
Scope and Contents:
1 part
Ebony is contained in one folder consisting of 1 lead sheet in Ab Major concert -- in ink -- in unidentified hand (ME?).
Lead sheet for voice. Lyrics begin "Ebony, everybody goes for ebony ...". -- from the Ruth Ellington Collection.
Biographical / Historical:
Copyright by Tempo Music, Inc.
General:
Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, Wayne Shirley, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Related Materials:
Ruth Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 3), 1940-1991
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials are available for use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Copy scores
Lead sheet
Manuscripts
Music
Collection Citation:
Ruth Ellington Collection, 1923-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials / Series 1: Music Manuscripts, Scripts, and Compositional Materials / 1.1: Music Manuscripts
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0415-ref1169

I'd better go to sleep [music]

Topic:
Escape suite
Composer:
Ellington, Mercer Kennedy, 1919-1996 (musician)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Ruth (Ruth Ellington Boatwright), 1915-  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (copy scores, 32 cm.)
Container:
Box 8, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Copy scores
Music
Piano vocal scores
Manuscripts
Scope and Contents:
2 scores
I'd better go to sleep is contained in one folder consisting of 2 three-page piano vocal scores in Eb Major concert -- in ink -- in unidentified hands (ME, other?).
Piano vocal scores lyrics begin "I'd better go to sleep n' sleep n' sleep n' move my day dream out of sight ...". -- from the Ruth Ellington Collection.
Biographical / Historical:
Copyright by Tempo Music, Inc.
General:
Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, Wayne Shirley, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Related Materials:
Ruth Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 3), 1940-1991
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials are available for use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Sleep  Search this
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Copy scores
Music
Piano vocal scores
Manuscripts -- Music -- 20th century
Collection Citation:
Ruth Ellington Collection, 1923-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials / Series 1: Music Manuscripts, Scripts, and Compositional Materials / 1.1: Music Manuscripts / Escape Suite
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0415-ref1183

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