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Dodge Manufacturing Company Records

Source:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Dodge Manufacturing Co.  Search this
Former owner:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
38 Cubic feet (222 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Glass negatives
Photographs
Albums
Place:
Mishawaka (Ind.)
Date:
circa 1910-1924
Scope and Contents:
A collection of photographs, some prints but mostly negatives, documenting the facilities, products and staff of the Dodge Manufacturing Company between 1905 and 1924. There are exterior and interior views of the factory.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
The Dodge Manufacturing Company, of Mishawaka, Indiana, was started in 1878 as a small wood specialties shop. It later became a manufacturer of power transmission machinery and was a division of Reliance Electric Company.
Provenance:
Donated by the Dodge Manufacturing Company in 1969.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Power transmission  Search this
Manufacturing  Search this
Machinery industry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 1900-1950
Albums -- 1920-1930
Citation:
Archives Center, Lombard Governor Company Records, circa 1910-1924, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1092
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1092

Leedy Manufacturing Co. Photograph Album

Creator:
Leedy Manufacturing Co.  Search this
Source:
Musical Instruments, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Former owner:
Musical Instruments, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Names:
Leedy, Ulysses G., 1867-1931  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Albums
Photographs
Place:
Indianapolis (Ind.) -- 1920-1930
Date:
ca. 1925.
Scope and Contents:
This album documents the Leedy Manufacturing Co.'s production of a variety of percussion musical instruments, such as drums, tympani, xylophones, vibraphones, etc. There is a group portrait of the executive staff, assembled near the door of the plant: it is marked "Indianapolis" and "1925," along with the names "Leedy," [George H.] "Way," "Elsie Way," "Kuerst," and "Winterhoff." The work force stands outside the factory in another image, and interiors depict office scenes and manufacturing stages for several types of instruments. Machine shops and other work areas show workers and craftsmen operating belt-driven machine tools, lathes, drill presses, stamping presses, saws, etc. Storage areas for lumber and hides (for drum heads) are shown, as well as stock rooms for finished instruments and packing and shipping operations. The album contains 38 silver gelatin photoprints mounted on canvas pages, 6-3/4" x 10-3/4", several imprinted "Hoosier Photo Co." The album cover is plain and untitled.
Arrangement:
One album of photographs. Photographs unarranged; they were separated from the album covers and the original image order, which did not seem significant, was not preserved.
Biographical / Historical:
As a child, Ulysses G. Leedy (1867-1931) bought his first drum from a Civil War drummer near his home in Fostoria, Ohio, and played for coins near the Baltimore & Ohio railroad station. He joined the 15th regimental drum corps in Ohio at age 14 and the Fostoria town band and orchestra at 18. Later, he became a member of the Great Western Band and was featured on drums and xylophone. He traveled widely as a musician and realizing the need that he and other percussionists had for a snare drum stand, he invented the first practical folding snare drum stand in 1890. Also in 1890, Leedy purchased parts from various manufacturers and made his first drum with the assistance of his father, a cabinet maker. After taking a position with an Indianapolis theater orchestra, he concurrently manufactured and sold drums, obtaining the wooden shells from his father and assembling drums in his basement.

Eventually Leedy resigned his theater position in order to devote his full attention to his burgeoning manufacturing business. In 1895 he and Sam Cooley, a clarinetist from the same orchestra, pooled $50.00 each and began to make Leedy drums, at first under the name of Leedy & Cooley , then the Leedy Manufacturing Company. The original factory was established in a room of the Cyclorama Building in Indianapolis. The firm prospered and a variety of instruments gradually were added to its product line. In 1902 Herman Winterhoff, a cellist, trombonist, and theater orchestra colleague, joined Leedy and Cooley to tune bells and xylophones, and Leroy Jeffries was hired as a mechanic and designer.

Leedy became sole owner in 1903. A brick factory building was erected in Indianapolis in 1903, but the rapidly expanding firm soon outgrew this facility and a three-story concrete building was erected adjacent to it in 1910. In 1920 the first building was razed and additions were made to the second building. By 1927 the expanded Leedy factory contained 78,450 square feet of space.

In 1916 Winterhoff, then a vice-president of the firm, began experimental work on vibrating tones in the steel marimba (Marimbaphone) and produced a device called the Vibratone, which had two rows of resonators moving up and down alternately. This and another model, with butterfly fans in the tops of the resonators which rocked back and forth in a semicircle, were unsuccessful due to noise. Finally in the 1920's Winterhoff and the Leedy engineers devised a practical instrument with rotating fans in the resonators which made complete, even revolutions. This Vibraphone, as it was called, soon became a familiar instrument in dance bands. The company's failure to realize the professional potential of this instrument led to the introduction of copies of the unpatented design by competitors.

The firm's line expanded to over 900 items, including sound-effect instruments for silent films. The most important products were the tympani designed by factory superintendent Cecil Strupe (patented 1923), using a foot pedal with a ratchet-and-pawl system clutch, linked to cables connected to the tensioning screws, with copper bowls formed in a hydraulic press.

C. G. Conn Co. Ltd., a leading band instrument manufacturer in Elkhart, Indiana, the "band instrument capital of the world," acquired control of Leedy in 1929, and in 1930 Leedy's operations were moved to Elkhart. The production of "Leedy" instruments was discontinued in 1958.

Sources

1. J-Leedy Mfg. Co., Inc. "Fifty Years of Drum Progress." Elkhart, Ind., 1945. Photocopy in Division of Musical Instruments. This publication contains several reproductions of images from the album as well as similar pictures not found in the album.

2. Leedy publications, including the catalog above, give 1895 as the date of the firm's inception, although 1900 is cited in the article on Leedy Manufacturing Co. by Edmund A. Bowles in: Stanley Sadie, ed. The New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments. New York: Grove's Dictionaries of Music, 1984, Vol. 2, p. 512. Perhaps 1900 was the date of incorporation under the Leedy Manufacturing Co. name.

3. Leedy, op. cit ., p. 2

4. Bowles, op. cit

5. Ibid. Again, Bowles disagrees with Leedy company publications, stating that the Conn purchase occurred in 1927. The Leedy catalogs presumably are more reliable. Other articles in The New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments provide additional information about connections between Leedy and other firms: Bowles, "Ludwig," Vol. 2, p. 543; Bowles, "Slingerland Drum Co., Vol. 3, p.405; and Carolyn Bryant, "Conn," Vol 1, p. 473.

6. Small captioned portrait of George H. Way in Leedy Mfg. Co., Inc. Leedy. World's Finest Drummers' Instruments, Catalog T. Elkhart, Ind. [1933], p. 1. Catalog in Warshaw Collection, National Museum of American History Archives Center. Cf . group portrait in album.
Provenance:
Purchased in 1985 from Keith Douglas de Lellis.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Probably public domain due to expired copyrights. SI Negative Nos. 86-403 to 86-440. Fees for commercial use.
Topic:
Drums -- 1920-1930  Search this
Marimbaphones -- 1920-1930  Search this
Manufacturing -- 1920-1930  Search this
Craftsmen -- 1920-1930  Search this
Xylophones -- 1920-1930  Search this
Musical instruments -- 1920-1930  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albums -- 1920-1930
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1920-1930
Citation:
Leedy Manufacturing Co. Photograph Album, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0188
See more items in:
Leedy Manufacturing Co. Photograph Album
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0188

Oyster Tin, Foote's Best Oysters

Maker:
D. E. Foote & Co., Inc  Search this
Physical Description:
ferrous tinned (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 1/8 in x 6 3/4 in; 18.0975 cm x 17.145 cm
Object Name:
oyster can
Place made:
United States: Maryland, Baltimore
Date made:
1920-1930
Subject:
Fishing  Search this
Related event:
The Emergence of Modern America  Search this
Related Publication:
On the Water online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater
ID Number:
2007.0062.01
Catalog number:
2007.0062.01
Accession number:
2007.0062
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Food Technology
Industry & Manufacturing
Work
Health & Medicine
Food
Advertising
Exhibition:
On the Water
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1322195
Additional Online Media:

Oyster Tin, Heyser’s Oysters

Maker:
Wm Heyser Co.  Search this
Physical Description:
ferrous tinned (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 9/16 in x 6 11/16 in; 19.20875 cm x 16.98625 cm
Object Name:
oyster can
Place made:
United States: Maryland, Baltimore
Date made:
1920-1930
Subject:
Fishing  Search this
Related event:
The Emergence of Modern America  Search this
Related Publication:
On the Water online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater
ID Number:
2007.0087.01
Catalog number:
2007.0087.01
Accession number:
2007.0087
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Food Technology
Industry & Manufacturing
Work
Health & Medicine
Advertising
Food
Exhibition:
On the Water
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1329288
Additional Online Media:

Oyster Tin, Pride of the Chesapeake Brand

Maker:
J. D. Groves & Co.  Search this
Physical Description:
ferrous tinned (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 1/4 in x 6 9/16 in; 18.415 cm x 16.66875 cm
Object Name:
oyster can
Place made:
United States: Maryland, Baltimore
Date made:
1920s
1920-1930
Subject:
Fishing  Search this
Related event:
The Emergence of Modern America  Search this
Related Publication:
On the Water online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater
ID Number:
2007.0054.01
Catalog number:
2007.0054.01
Accession number:
2007.0054
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Food Technology
Industry & Manufacturing
Work
Health & Medicine
Advertising
Food
Exhibition:
On the Water
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1322186
Additional Online Media:

Charles Michael Schwab

Artist:
Henry Major, 1889 - 1948  Search this
Sitter:
Charles Michael Schwab, 18 Feb 1862 - 18 Sep 1939  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
30.5cm x 21.9cm (12" x 8 5/8"), Image
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1923-1930
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Bowtie  Search this
Personal Attribute\Teeth  Search this
Charles Michael Schwab: Male  Search this
Charles Michael Schwab: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Steel  Search this
Charles Michael Schwab: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Steel  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.87.8
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.87.8

Samuel Goldwyn

Artist:
Henry Major, 1889 - 1948  Search this
Sitter:
Samuel Goldwyn, 27 Aug 1882 - 31 Jan 1974  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
37.2cm x 27.1cm (14 5/8" x 10 11/16"), Image
Culture:
Samuel Goldwyn: European\Polish  Search this
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1925-1930
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Samuel Goldwyn: Male  Search this
Samuel Goldwyn: Literature\Writer  Search this
Samuel Goldwyn: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Samuel Goldwyn: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer  Search this
Samuel Goldwyn: Performing Arts\Director\Theater  Search this
Samuel Goldwyn: Oscar  Search this
Samuel Goldwyn: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.87.12
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.87.12

Plate

Manufacturer:
Rosenthal Glas und Porzellan Aktiengesellschaft, German, founded 1891  Search this
Medium:
Glazed earthenware
Type:
ceramics
Decorative Arts
Plate
Manufactured in:
Germany
Date:
ca. 1930
Credit Line:
Gift of Victor Wiener
Accession Number:
1999-57-42
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1999-57-42

Plate

Manufacturer:
Rosenthal Glas und Porzellan Aktiengesellschaft, German, founded 1891  Search this
Medium:
Glazed earthenware
Type:
ceramics
Decorative Arts
Plate
Manufactured in:
Germany
Date:
ca. 1930
Credit Line:
Gift of Victor Wiener
Accession Number:
1999-57-43
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1999-57-43

Plate

Manufacturer:
Rosenthal Glas und Porzellan Aktiengesellschaft, German, founded 1891  Search this
Medium:
Glazed earthenware
Type:
ceramics
Decorative Arts
Plate
Manufactured in:
Germany
Date:
ca. 1930
Credit Line:
Gift of Victor Wiener
Accession Number:
1999-57-44
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1999-57-44

Plate

Manufacturer:
Rosenthal Glas und Porzellan Aktiengesellschaft, German, founded 1891  Search this
Medium:
Glazed earthenware
Type:
ceramics
Decorative Arts
Plate
Manufactured in:
Germany
Date:
ca. 1930
Credit Line:
Gift of Victor Wiener
Accession Number:
1999-57-45
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1999-57-45

Plate

Manufacturer:
Rosenthal Glas und Porzellan Aktiengesellschaft, German, founded 1891  Search this
Medium:
Glazed earthenware
Type:
ceramics
Decorative Arts
Plate
Manufactured in:
Germany
Date:
ca. 1930
Credit Line:
Gift of Victor Wiener
Accession Number:
1999-57-46
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1999-57-46

Empire State

Designer:
Unknown, Active in New Spain  Search this
Manufacturer:
Unknown  Search this
Medium:
Cast aluminum
Type:
metalwork
Decorative Arts
Cigarette lighter
Object Name:
Cigarette lighter
Manufactured in:
USA
Date:
ca. 1931
Credit Line:
Gift of George R. Kravis II
Accession Number:
2018-22-73
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_2018-22-73

Plate

Manufacturer:
Schramberg Majolica Factory, German, established 1820  Search this
Medium:
Glazed earthenware
Type:
ceramics
Decorative Arts
Plate
Manufactured in:
Germany
Date:
ca. 1930
Credit Line:
Gift of Victor Wiener
Accession Number:
1998-63-22
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1998-63-22

Bowl

Manufacturer:
Schramberg Majolica Factory, German, established 1820  Search this
Medium:
Glazed earthenware
Type:
ceramics
Decorative Arts
Bowl
Manufactured in:
Germany
Date:
ca. 1930
Credit Line:
Gift of Victor Wiener
Accession Number:
1998-63-23
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1998-63-23

Dish

Manufacturer:
Schramberg Majolica Factory, German, established 1820  Search this
Medium:
Glazed earthenware
Type:
ceramics
Decorative Arts
Dish
Manufactured in:
Germany
Date:
ca. 1930
Credit Line:
Gift of Victor Wiener
Accession Number:
1998-63-24
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1998-63-24

Trivet

Attributed to:
Eva Zeisel, American, b. Hungary, 1906–2011  Search this
Manufacturer:
Schramberg Majolica Factory, German, established 1820  Search this
Medium:
Glazed earthenware
Type:
ceramics
Decorative Arts
Trivet
Manufactured in:
Germany
Date:
ca. 1930
Credit Line:
Gift of Victor Wiener
Accession Number:
1999-57-65
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1999-57-65

Vase

Attributed to:
Eva Zeisel, American, b. Hungary, 1906–2011  Search this
Manufacturer:
Schramberg Majolica Factory, German, established 1820  Search this
Medium:
Glazed earthenware
Type:
ceramics
Decorative Arts
Vase
Manufactured in:
Germany
Date:
ca. 1930
Credit Line:
Gift of Victor Wiener
Accession Number:
1999-57-66
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1999-57-66

Plate

Attributed to:
Eva Zeisel, American, b. Hungary, 1906–2011  Search this
Manufacturer:
Schramberg Majolica Factory, German, established 1820  Search this
Medium:
Glazed earthenware
Type:
ceramics
Decorative Arts
Plate
Manufactured in:
Germany
Date:
ca. 1930
Credit Line:
Gift of Victor Wiener
Accession Number:
2001-28-42
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_2001-28-42

Plate

Attributed to:
Eva Zeisel, American, b. Hungary, 1906–2011  Search this
Manufacturer:
Schramberg Majolica Factory, German, established 1820  Search this
Medium:
Glazed earthenware
Type:
ceramics
Decorative Arts
Plate
Manufactured in:
Germany
Date:
ca. 1930
Credit Line:
Gift of Victor Wiener
Accession Number:
2001-28-43
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_2001-28-43

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