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Miscellaneous records 1880s-1890s

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution United States National Museum Animal Products Section  Search this
Smithsonian Institution United States National Museum Department of Anthropology Fishery section  Search this
Physical description:
ca. 2 inches
Type:
Notes
Letters
Lists
Drawings
Photographs
Exhibit labels
Date:
1880s-1890s
Topic:
Animal products  Search this
Fisheries  Search this
Exhibits  Search this
See more items in:
Manuscript and pamphlet file 1870s-1950s
Miscellaneous records 1880s-1890s [Smithsonian Institution United States National Museum Animal Products Section]
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_87267

Linda Richards Correspondence

Author:
Richards, Linda, 1841-1930 (nurse)  Search this
Collector:
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box )
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Letters (correspondence)
Place:
Japan -- 1880-1890
Date:
1886-1890
Summary:
Linda Richards was the first woman nurse trained in the United States at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. When these letters were written, she was a missionary nurse and the head of the first training school for nurses in Japan.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of six letters written by Miss Richards to three friends. The letters relate to Miss Richards' work as a missionary nurse and head of the first training school for nurses in Japan. Typewritten copies of each of the letters are a part of the collection.

In her letters, Miss Richards describes what she is doing both as a nurse trainer and a missionary in Japan. She gradually masters the language enough to work in the hospital but finds evangelizing among rural people requires an interpreter. She complains often about her own health - particularly colds and abscessed ears. Subjects include primarily personal information and missionary work, not nursing or nursing education.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged chronologically.
Biographical / Historical:
Linda Richards was the first woman nurse trained in the United States at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. When these letters were written, she was a missionary nurse and the head of the first training school for nurses in Japan. An e-mail from Donna Bellemare, 7/17/06, refers to her as Melinda Ann (Linda) Richards.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Medical sciences -- 1880-1890 -- Japan  Search this
Nursing -- 1880-1890 -- Japan  Search this
Missionaries -- 1880-1890 -- Japan  Search this
Nurses -- 1880-1890 -- Japan  Search this
Women missionaries -- 1880-1890 -- Japan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 1880-1890
Citation:
Linda Richards Correspondence, 1886-1890, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0221
See more items in:
Linda Richards Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0221

Otis Tufton Mason papers, circa 1884-1904

Creator:
Mason, Otis Tufton 1838-1908  Search this
Author:
Coville, Frederick V (Frederick Vernon) 1867-1937  Search this
Hudson, John W  Search this
Artist:
Swan, James Gilchrist  Search this
Photographer:
Rockhill, William Woodville  Search this
Ross, Bernard R  Search this
Correspondent:
Benham, J. W  Search this
Bingham, E.L  Search this
Boas, Franz 1858-1942  Search this
Bradley, E.H Mrs  Search this
Brown, H.C  Search this
Cohn, A  Search this
Du Bois, Constance Goddard  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Frohman, I Mrs  Search this
Hudson, John W  Search this
Kroeber, A. L (Alfred Louis) 1876-1960  Search this
Lang, Anne M  Search this
Lee, S.L  Search this
Lummis, Charles Fletcher 1859-1928  Search this
Matthews, Washington  Search this
McArthur, E.T  Search this
Owen, Charles L  Search this
Price, Ira M  Search this
Purdy, Carl  Search this
Russell, Frank A  Search this
Smith, Harlan I  Search this
Vroman, A. C (Adam Clark) 1856-1916  Search this
Wilcomb, Charles P  Search this
Physical description:
2.5 linear feet (5 boxes)
Culture:
American Indians  Search this
Type:
Catalogs
Collection descriptions
Notes
Letters
Printed material
Maps
Photographs
Date:
1884
1884-1904
circa 1884-1904
Topic:
Baskets  Search this
Knives  Search this
Mortuary customs  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Language and languages--Documentation  Search this
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_87778

Charles H. Land Papers

Source:
Science, Medicine and Society, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Creator:
Land, Charles H., 1847-1922  Search this
Lindbergh, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974  Search this
Former owner:
Science, Medicine and Society, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet (1 box, 1 oversized folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Patents
Financial records
Letters (correspondence)
Writings
Sermons
Articles
Date:
1860-1957
Summary:
The collection documents inventor and dentist Charles H. Land and consists of correspondence, financial records, patent records, articles, printed material, writings, sermons and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of correspondence, financial records, patent records, articles, printed material, writings, sermons and photographs documenting the inventor and dentist Charles H. Land. The correspondence includes one letter written to Dr. Land, but the majority were written after Dr. Land's death and deal primarily with honors bestowed upon him and the Charles H. Land Museum. Two letters are in German. The financial materials consist of dental fees information and invoices from Baker & Company Gold, Silver and Platinum Refiners and Buffalo Dental Manufacturing Company. The patent records contain United States, Canadian, and French patents issued to Dr. Land. The writings deal exclusively with notes and letters written by Charles H. Land, Jr. in 1957. The notes describe issues surrounding the dental field. The sermons, 1860-1863, have no identified author, but three of the six sermons have titles:A.U. The Memory of a Christian Departed , P.U. Godly Sorrow , andNational Thanksgiving . There are four photographs, two of which show Dr. Land working.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into eight series.

Series 1, Biographical Materials, 1909-1915

Series 2, Correspondence, 1898-1956

Series 3, Financial Materials, 1872-1891

Series 4, Patent Records, 1877-1914

Subseries 4.1, United States Patents, 1877-1914

Subseries 4.2, Canadian and French Patents, 1887-1894

Series 5, Articles and Printed Materials, 1905-1956

Series 6, Writing of C.H. Land, Jr., 1957

Series 7, Sermons, 1860-1863

Series 8, Photographs, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Charles H. Land (1847-1922) was born in Simcoe, Ontario, Canada. Educated in New York, Land studied dentistry under J.B. Meacham of Canada and from 1864-1866 joined the offices of Drs. Sherwood, Haskell and Allport in Chicago, Illinois. From 1871 until his death in 1922, Land practiced dentistry in Detroit, Michigan. In 1875, he married Evangeline Lodge of Detroit and had two children, Charles H., Jr., and Evangeline. Land originated the "Land System of Dentistry" which included many of his patented processes, especially the adaptation of porcelain to dental restorations. Many of his patents deal with devices to aid porcelain work.
Provenance:
Gift of Charles A. Lindbergh, 1965.

Custodial History: The Division of Science, Medicine and Society transferred the collection to the Archives Center in 2003.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audiovisual materials.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Opium  Search this
Inventors -- 19th century  Search this
Inventions -- 19th century  Search this
Dentistry -- History  Search this
Dentists  Search this
Dental technology -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 19th century
Patents
Financial records -- 20th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 1880-1890
Financial records -- 19th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Writings
Sermons
Articles
Citation:
Charles H. Land Papers, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0834
See more items in:
Charles H. Land Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0834

Ernst D. Moore Papers

Author:
Arnold, Cheney & Co.  Search this
Collector:
Moore, Ernst D. (importer, trader)  Search this
Names:
Pratt, Read and Company  Search this
Roosevelt, Theodore, President, 1858-1919  Search this
Extent:
1.6 Cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Letters (correspondence)
Diaries
Articles
Receipts
Photographs
Maps
Account books
Date:
1888-1932
Summary:
Papers documenting Moore's work as an ivory trader employed by Arnold, Cheney and Co. Includes copies of his diary entries while working as an ivory trader, financial documents, price lists, his writings on the subject of ivory, articles, a map, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists primarily of copies of records still in the possesssion of Moore's family. Foremost among these are copies of his diary entries for the time he was employed overseas by Arnold, Cheney & Co. These provide a daily, often humorous, description of the lifestyle of an American businessman trading in the outposts of the British Empire. Further documentation of this lifestyle is provided by Moore's personal account book, expense account statements, and receipts, as well as the materials on Club life in these spots. These include rule books for the Union Club at Aden, the Mombasa Club, the Mombasa Sport Club, and the Mnazi Moja and English clubs at Zanzibar, along with statements of Moore's accounts at each.

The collection contains a great deal of information on the ivory trade, primarily in Moore's correspondence, both business and private, and in documents relating to his contract and service abroad. Although most of these are xerographic copies, a number of originals are included; since these are fragile, it is recommended that the researcher use the copies. There are several items directly related to ivory, including three ivory pricelists from 1922, a small pamphlet about ivory published in 1921, and Moore's handwritten description of the characteristics and classification of ivory. Also contained in the collection are a number of articles written by Moore about ivory and the ivory trade, along with his book, Ivory: The Scourge of Africa, in both typescript and published form. An additional folder contains a photographic copy of the map of "Ivory Country" used to illustrate the book.

The collection also contains copies of many of Moore's photographs. Most of them were taken during his days in Aden, Mombasa, and Zanzibar. These document all aspects of the ivory trade, from the elephant in the wild to the loading of tusks onto ships bound for New York. They depict ivory poachers, transport of tusks, weighing and measuring tusks, storage facilities in the traders' compound or "ivory house," trade goods used to purchase the ivory, and local scenes. Of especial interest are a number of photographs which show the visit of ex President Theodore Roosevelt to Mombasa in 1909. There are also three photoprints showing activities in Pratt, Read & Company's factory at Deep River, Ct. The remaining photographs are family snapshots, mainly of Moore's children. NOTE: Permission to publish these photographs must be obtained directly from the donor, who retains the copyright on them. The collection also includes a history of Pratt, Read & Company which Moore wrote in 1930.

Biographical information in the collection includes a chapter from a biography of Moore which was written by his daughter as a school assignment, autobiographical recollections of Moore's days as an ivory buyer, and a copy of his obituary.

Of additional interest are copies of documents relating to Moore's uncle, Dwight Moore. These deal with his service as U.S. Consul at Aden and Zanzibar in the 1880s 1890s, and correspondence between Moore and his uncle during Moore's service overseas.
Biographical / Historical:
Ernst R. Domansky was born in Boston, Massachusetts on January 1, 1884. He was an ivory trader employed by Arnold, Cheney & Co., ivory importers of New York city, serving as that firm's agent in Aden, Mombasa, and Zanzibar from 1907 to 1911. He negotiated for the purchase of tons of elephant tusks from the Arab traders who brought them from the interior of Africa, and made several trips into the interior himself. He also served briefly as U.S. Consul at Zanzibar in 1911.

Shortly after his return to the United States sometime between 1911 and 1913 Domansky changed his name to Ernst D. Moore. There were evidently several reasons for this: Moore had been his mother's maiden name and, while his own parents were dead by this time, his uncle, Dwight Moore, had always looked after his interests. Dwight Moore had, in fact, obtained Ernst's position with Arnold, Cheney & Co. for him. In addition, both of his brothers had already switched from Domansky to Moore.

In 1913, Moore married Miss Elsie Warner of Chester, Connecticut, where he took up residence. He was then employed by the piano manufacturing firm of Pratt, Read & Co., of Deep River, Connecticut. Pratt, Read was the chief customer for the ivory which Moore had purchased in Africa; the company used it in making piano keyboards. Moore served as Secretary, and later as Vice President, of Pratt, Read's subsidiary, the Pratt Read Player Action Company, located in Deep River. Following that, he was head of the Moore & Fisher Manufacturing Company, also of Deep River. He retained his interest in ivory and, after retiring, wrote a book describing his days in Africa and the ivory trade his Ivory: Scourge of Africa was published in 1931. He died on June 5,1932.
Related Materials:
The Archives Center also contains Collection #320, the Pratt Read Corporation Records. It includes a few photographs of E. D. Moore, as well as information on the ivory trade and the American ivory industry. The records of Arnold, Cheney & Company for the period 1873 1902 are to be found at the Essex Institute, Salem, Massachusetts; they are in Collection #103, the Ropes Emmerton & Company Records. Additional records relating to both Arnold, Cheney & Company and Pratt, Read & Company can be found in the Cheney/Downing Collection at the Connecticut River Foundation at Steamboat Dock, Essex, Connecticut.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Edith Sibley, January 30, 1989.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish these photographs must be obtained directly from the donor, who retains copyright. See repository for details.
Topic:
Ivory industry  Search this
Piano makers  Search this
Ivory  Search this
Imports -- 1880-1940  Search this
Elephants -- Africa -- Mombasa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 1850-1900
Diaries -- 1880-1940
Articles -- 1880-1940
Receipts -- 20th century
Receipts -- 19th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 1900-1950
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Maps -- 1880-1940
Photographs -- 1850-1900
Account books
Citation:
Ernst D. Moore Papers, 1888-1932, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0321
See more items in:
Ernst D. Moore Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0321
Additional Online Media:

Letters received by Jesse Walter Fewkes 1889-1891

Creator:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter 1850-1930  Search this
Correspondent:
Agassiz, Alexander  Search this
Allen, J. A  Search this
Bandelier, Adolphe Francis Alphonse  Search this
Billings, John Shaw  Search this
Boas, Franz 1858-1942  Search this
Brinton, Daniel Garrison  Search this
Hemenway, August  Search this
Lars, G. O  Search this
Lawton, William Cranston  Search this
Norton, C. E  Search this
Putnam, Frederic Ward  Search this
Vayssiére, A  Search this
Addressee:
Hemenway, Mary  Search this
Subject:
Hemenway Southwestern Archaeological Expedition (1886-1894)  Search this
Physical description:
ca. 50 pages
1 volume
Type:
Letters
Receipts
Date:
1889-1891
Local number:
NAA MS 4408 (92)
See more items in:
Jesse Walter Fewkes Papers
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_399

Petroleum Distillation and Miscellaneous Chemical Consulting

Author:
Wurtz, Henry, 1828-1910  Search this
Correspondent:
Clark, F.W.  Search this
Leeds, A.R.  Search this
Names:
Wurtz, Henry, 1828-1910  Search this
Collection Author:
Wurtz, Henry, 1828-1910  Search this
Collection Collector:
Physical Sciences, Division of (NMAH, Smithsonian Institution).  Search this
Container:
Box 2
Type:
Archival materials
Catalogs
Contracts
Clippings (information artifacts)
Business cards
Letters (correspondence)
Date:
1884 - 1885
Scope and Contents:
This box contains material relating to Wurtz's interest in petroleum distillation, 1884-1885, and his attempt to market inventions for obtaining lubricants from petroleum distillates. Related material includes: correspondence with prospective investors, proofs and galleys for the prospectus, news clippings on petroleum, and various contracts.

The box also includes correspondence with A.R. Leeds, F.W. Clark and others regarding Wurtz's search for a new assistant, 1881, catalogs for scientific books and instruments, 1880's, and Wurtz's business card.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Distillation, Fractional  Search this
Coal liquefaction  Search this
Petroleum, Synthetic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Catalogs -- 1820-1910
Contracts
clippings (information artifacts)
Business cards
Letters (correspondence) -- 1880-1890
Collection Citation:
Henry Wurtz Papers, 1861-1885, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0006, Series 2
See more items in:
Henry Wurtz Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0006-ref12

[In English and French, to Celine Baekeland : letter.]

Collector:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Author:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Names:
Baekeland, Celine  Search this
Collection Creator:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (6.9" x 8.9".)
Type:
Archival materials
Letters (correspondence)
Place:
London (England)
Date:
21 March 1889
Scope and Contents:
Written in London. In the English portion of the letter, Baekeland complains about the London weather, then about his difficulties in trying to learn English. He mentions hearing only English in the Underground and that an Englishman who knows French is rare.
Arrangement:
In Box 13, Folder 2.
Local Numbers:
AC0005-0000034-1.tif and AC0005-0000034-2.tif (AC Scan)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Weather  Search this
Subways  Search this
Language and languages  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 1880-1890
Collection Citation:
Leo Baekeland Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0005-ref3047
Additional Online Media:

[To her husband Leo Baekeland : manuscript letter.]

Author:
Baekeland, Celine  Search this
Names:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Collection Creator:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (6.9" x 8.8".)
Type:
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Letters (correspondence)
Date:
August 1889
Scope and Contents:
Single folded sheet.
Arrangement:
In Box 13, Folder 2.
Local Numbers:
AC0005-0000043-1.tif and AC0005-0000043-2.tif (AC Scan)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Married couples  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts -- 19th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 1880-1890
Collection Citation:
Leo Baekeland Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0005-ref3051
Additional Online Media:

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