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Victor D. Spark papers

Creator:
Spark, Victor D. (Victor David), 1898-1991  Search this
Names:
San Diego Arts Society  Search this
Berliner, Jacob, 1849-1918  Search this
Clonney, James Goodwyn, 1812-1867  Search this
Copley, John Singleton, 1738-1815  Search this
Engelhard, Charles W., Jr., 1917-1971  Search this
Frankenstein, Alfred V. (Alfred Victor), 1906-1981  Search this
Grigaut, Hubert L.  Search this
Hardy, Charlotte  Search this
Hardy, Jeremiah Pearson, 1800-1889  Search this
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Lehman, Robert, 1892-1969  Search this
Medina, Leon  Search this
Moran, Ruth B.  Search this
Moran, Thomas, 1837-1926  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil, 1858-1924  Search this
Shinn, Everett, 1876-1953  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Extent:
22.2 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
circa 1830-1983
bulk 1930-1970
Summary:
The Victor D. Spark papers measure 22.2 linear feet and date from circa 1830 to 1983, with the bulk of the material from 1930 to 1970. The papers document Spark's career as a New York City art dealer and appraiser who was most active from World War II through the 1970s, focusing on Old Masters paintings and 19th and early 20th century American art. Found within the papers are biographical materials, artist files, client files, financial records, legal records, printed material, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The Victor D. Spark papers measure 22.2 linear feet and date from circa 1830 to 1983, with the bulk of the material from 1930 to 1970. The papers document Spark's career as a New York City art dealer and appraiser who was most active during World War II up through the 1970s with a focus on Old Masters paintings as well as 19th and early 20th century American art. Found within the papers are biographical materials, artist files, client files, financial records, legal records, printed material, and photographs.

Biographical materials contain greeting cards and post cards, annotated appointment calendars, miscellaneous notes and lists, and an apartment lease.

Artists' files include photographs of artwork, artist biographies, printed materials, and some correspondence with and about the artist. Many of the photographs are annotated. Files are found for Old Masters and American artists, including James G. Clonney, Jon Singleton Copley, Jeremiah P. Hardy, Martin Johnson Heade, Rembrandt Peale, Maurice Prendergast, Everett Shinn, Thomas Sully, and many others. There is also a letter written in 1924 by Ruth Moran along with a photograph of a painting by the artist Thomas Moran, signed by him on the verso.

Extensive client files include notes, correspondence, bills, receipts, and clippings regarding sales and appraisals. Spark's clients included museums, collectors, art dealers, most of which are represented in the files. Notable clients and colleagues include Jacob S. Berliner, Charles W. Engelhard, Alfred V. Frankenstein, Hubert L. Grigaut, Charlotte W. Hardy, Robert Lehman, and Leon Medina. There are also files for many universities, businesses, museums, and galleries.

Financial records comprise the largest series in the collection and include ledgers, stock books, consignment records, scattered banking records, bills, tax documents, auction price lists, check stubs, and cancelled checks.

A small amount of legal records document two legal cases: Rauch v. IRS and Kaufman v. Phoenix (Travelers) Insurance Company for which Spark provided testimony.

Printed materials include clippings, exhibition and auction catalogs, newsletters, bulletins, a membership roster for the San Diego Arts Society, and several 19th century printed items.

Two black and white photographs are of a steam locomotive and an unidentified portraitist in his studio.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 7 series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1906, 1948-1981 (1.7 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 2: Artist Files, 1905-1983 (4 linear feet; Box 2-6, 22)

Series 3: Client Files, 1904, 1927-1981 (7.1 linear feet; Box 6-13)

Series 4: Financial Records, 1930-1981 (8.7 linear feet; Box 13-20, 22-29)

Series 5: Legal Records, 1970-1972 (0.2 linear feet; Box 20)

Series 6: Printed Materials, circa 1830-1872, 1948-1982 (0.2 linear feet; Box 20-22)

Series 7: Photographs, circa 1898-circa 1940 (0.1 linear feet; Box 21)
Biographical / Historical:
Victor D. Spark (1898-1991) was a prominent New York City appraiser and art dealer who specialized in Old Masters paintings as well as 19th and early 20th century art.

Spark was born in Brooklyn, N.Y., in 1898. When he was two years old, the Spark family moved to Harlem. His father worked in the hotel business and owned hotels in Brooklyn, Manhattan, and Europe. Spark briefly attended the City College of New York before transferring to New York University, where he studied for half a year, then enlisted in the Marines Corps during World War I and served overseas for 2 years. After his discharge, Spark returned to NYU where he majored in French, an interest he acquired during his military service. After graduation, Spark married Nina and went to Europe to help his father manage a summer hotel. There, he became interested in art.

Spark returned to the U.S., continuing to work for his father until 1929. Spark was involved with decorating and furnishing the hotels and often purchased antiques, artwork, and furniture, furthering his arts interests and knowledge. He began working in a gallery, acquiring works of art and dividing the sales profits with the gallery owners. Spark had no formal art education and his taste and eye for art was gained primarily through his travels in Europe. He also had a good business sense about what might sell for profit in the U.S.

Spark made frequent art buying trips across the United States to cities such as Boston and Philadelphia and returned to New York with paintings that he sold. Spark never owned a gallery, but he occasionally held exhibits, such as one titled "101 American Painters," inside the apartment. Although Spark specialized in 19th to early 20th century American art, he also sold European art work acquired during trips to Europe following World War II.

Spark continued his work selling paintings to museums, collectors, and other art dealers, until the 1970s. He was most active from the 1930s through World War II. As a prominent dealer for over four decades, Spark came to know many luminaries of the New York art scene, such as art dealer and gallery owner Edith Halpert. Spark died in 1991.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds an oral history interview of Victor D. Spark conducted August 5, 1975 by Paul Cummings.

The National Gallery of Art maintains 12,000 photographs and negatives of artwork in their Victor D. Spark photograph collection.
Provenance:
The Victor D. Spark papers were acquired between 1954 and 1996. The first accession of 19th century printed materials and a letter by Ruth Moran was donated by Spark in 1954. The bulk of the collection was purchased jointly by the Archives of American Art and the National Gallery of Art at auction in July 1987. Subsequently, photographs of works of art documenting the collections of the National Gallery of Art were separated and retained by the National Gallery of Art. The papers remained at the Archives of American Art; three letters were later transferred to the Archives from the National Gallery of Art in 1996.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Victor D. Spark papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Art appraisers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Art, Modern -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Victor D. Spark papers, circa 1830-1983, bulk 1930-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.sparvict
See more items in:
Victor D. Spark papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sparvict
Additional Online Media:

Robert Lehman letter to Peter M. Riccio

Creator:
Lehman, Robert, 1892-1969  Search this
Riccio, Peter M. (Peter Michael), 1898-1990  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1957 December 26
Topic:
Art, Italian  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)17039
See more items in:
American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993, bulk 1909-1969
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_17039

Exposition de la collection Lehman de New York. [Rédigé sous la direction de Charles Sterling avec de concours de: Olga Raggio et Michel Laclotte et avec la collaboration de Sylvie Beguin

Author:
Musée de l'Orangerie  Search this
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 175 p. 104 plates. 21 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1957
Topic:
Art--Private collections  Search this
Art  Search this
Call number:
N5220 .L4
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_645453

American drawings and watercolors / Carol Clark

Author:
Clark, Carol 1947 July 21-  Search this
Subject:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections Catalogs  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 259 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
United States
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1992
C1992
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Drawing, American  Search this
Drawing--Catalogs  Search this
Drawing  Search this
Watercolor painting, American  Search this
Watercolor painting--Catalogs  Search this
Watercolor painting  Search this
Drawing--Private collections--Catalogs  Search this
Watercolor painting--Private collections--Catalogs  Search this
Call number:
NC107.C585 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_646540

19th century French drawings from the Robert Lehman Collection : catalogue / by George Szabo

Author:
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Szabó, George  Search this
Subject:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
[92] p. : chiefly ill. ; 30 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
France
Date:
1980
19th century
Topic:
Drawing, French  Search this
Drawing--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
NC246 .M48 1980
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_648239

Paintings and bronzes from the Collection of Mr. Robert Lehman. [Catalog of the exhibition] Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, Colorado, 1951-52

Author:
Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center  Search this
Subject:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections  Search this
Physical description:
[38] p. illus. 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1951
1951?]
Topic:
Painting  Search this
Bronzes--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
N5220.L39 C6 1951X
N5220.L39C6 1951X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_420456

Large Boston Public Garden sketchbook / Maurice Prendergast ; [introduction by] George Szabo

Author:
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil 1858-1924  Search this
Subject:
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil 1858-1924 Notebooks, sketchbooks, etc  Search this
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
xxii, 44 leaves of plates: col. ill. ; 37 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
New York (State)
New York
Public Garden (Boston, Mass.)
Boston (Mass.)
Date:
1987
19th century
Topic:
Watercolor painting, American  Search this
Watercolor painting  Search this
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
In art  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.P92 M5
N40.1.P92M5
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_333933

Landscape drawings of five centuries, 1400-1900 : from the Robert Lehman Collection, Metropolitan Museum of Art / foreword, David Mickenberg ; catalogue, George Szabo ; essays, Larry Silver, Levi P. Smith III, Martha Ward

Author:
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Szabó, George  Search this
Mary and Leigh Block Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 200 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1988
C1988
Topic:
Landscape drawing--Exhibitions  Search this
Landscape drawing--Private collections--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
NC790.M48 1988X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_371775

The Robert Lehman Collection

Author:
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Pope-Hennessy, John Wyndham Sir 1913-1994  Search this
Subject:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
volumes <1-15> : illustrations (some color) ; 29 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1987
©1987-<c2012>
Topic:
Art--Private collections  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_373819

Eighteenth century Italian drawings from the Robert Lehman Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art / introduction by Agnes Mongan, catalogue by George Szábo

Author:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969  Search this
Szabó, George  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
International Exhibitions Foundation  Search this
Subject:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 135 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Italy
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1983
18th century
Topic:
Drawing, Italian  Search this
Drawing--Exhibitions  Search this
Drawing  Search this
Call number:
NC255 .E34 1983e
NC255.E34 1983e
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_252822

Masterpieces of Italian drawing in the Robert Lehman Collection, the Metropolitan Museum of Art / by George Szabó

Author:
Szabó, George  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 243 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1983
C1983
Topic:
Drawing, Italian  Search this
Call number:
NC255.S97 1983X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_269751

Impressionism, post-impressionism : XIX & XX century paintings from the Robert Lehman Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art : [exhibition] Oklahoma Museum of Art, April 23, 1983-July 18, 1983 / [catalogue by George Szabo]

Author:
Szabó, George  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Oklahoma Museum of Art  Search this
Subject:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.) Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
89 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
France
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1983
C1983
Topic:
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Post-impressionism (Art)  Search this
Painting, French--Private collections--Exhibitions  Search this
Painting, Modern--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
ND547.5.I4 I33 1983
ND547.5.I4I33 1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_288363

XV century Italian drawings from the Robert Lehman collection / catalogue by George Szabo

Author:
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Szabó, George  Search this
Subject:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
[51] p. : ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1978
C1978
15th century
Topic:
Drawing, Italian--History--Exhibitions  Search this
Drawing, Italian--Catalogs  Search this
Call number:
NC255 .N53f
NC255.N53f
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_118494

XVI century Italian drawings from the Robert Lehman collection : [exhibition], the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1976 / catalogue by George Szabó

Author:
Szabó, George  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
[80] p. : chiefly ill. ; 30 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1979
C1979
16th century
Topic:
Drawing, Italian--History  Search this
Drawing, Italian  Search this
Call number:
NC255 .S99
NC255.S99
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_123114

Seventeenth-century Dutch and Flemish drawings from the Robert Lehman Collection : catalogue / by George Szabo

Author:
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Szabó, George  Search this
Subject:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
[76] p. : ill. ; 30 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Netherlands
Belgium
Flanders
Date:
1979
17th century
Topic:
Drawing, Dutch  Search this
Drawing--Exhibitions  Search this
Drawing, Flemish--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
NC258 .N48 1979X
NC258.N48 1979X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_131887

Seventeenth and eighteenth century French drawings from the Robert Lehman Collection / catalogue by George Szabó

Author:
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Szabó, George  Search this
Subject:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
[50] p. : ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
France
Date:
1980
17th century
18th century
Topic:
Drawing, French  Search this
Drawing--Exhibitions  Search this
Drawing  Search this
Call number:
NC246 .N477 1980X
NC246.N477 1980X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_139471

From the pens of the masters : eighteenth century Venetian drawings from the Robert Lehman Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of art : [exhibition] Heckscher Museum, Sept. 6 - Oct. 26, 1980

Author:
Szabó, George  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Heckscher Museum  Search this
Subject:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections  Search this
Physical description:
20 p. : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Exhibitions
Date:
1980
Topic:
Drawing, Venetian  Search this
Call number:
NC256.V4 F93
NC256.V4F93
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_143323

Twentieth century French drawings from the Robert Lehman Collection : catalogue / by George Szabo

Author:
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Szabó, George  Search this
Subject:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections Catalogs  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
[71] p. : chiefly ill. ; 30 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
France
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1981
20th century
Topic:
Drawing, French  Search this
Drawing--Catalogs  Search this
Call number:
NC246 .M48 1981X
NC246.M48 1981X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_148606

XVIII century Venetian drawings from the Robert Lehman Collection, the Metropolitan Museum of Art / by George Szabó

Author:
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Szabó, George  Search this
Subject:
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969 Art collections Catalogs  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
[78] p. : col. ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Catalogs
Place:
Italy
Venice
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1982
C1982
18th century
Topic:
Drawing, Italian--Catalogs  Search this
Drawing--Catalogs  Search this
Call number:
NC256.V4 M4 1982X
NC256.V4M4 1982X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_154582

The Lehman collection, New York. The Cincinnati Art Museum [exhibition] May 8 to July 5, 1959

Author:
Cincinnati Art Museum  Search this
Lehman, Robert 1892-1969  Search this
Physical description:
343 p. (p. [45]-[338] illus. (part col.)) 26 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1959
1959]
Topic:
Art--Private collections  Search this
Art  Search this
Call number:
N5225.L52 C5
N5220.L52 C5
N5225.L52C5 N5220.L52C5
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_11803

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