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Financial and Legal Records, Contracts

Collection Creator:
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1894-1917
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Philip Leslie Hale papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Philip Leslie Hale papers, 1818-1962, bulk 1877-1939. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
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Philip Leslie Hale papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-halephil-ref23

Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies, and Legal Records

Collection Creator:
Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985  Search this
Extent:
(3 folders)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 18-20
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1942-1959
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Hugo Gellert papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Hugo Gellert papers, 1916-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
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Hugo Gellert papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-gellhugo-ref24
Additional Online Media:

Safety-Razor Handle, Legal Records, 1927 - 1930

Collection Source:
Rosen, Judith B.  Search this
Reiss, Linda A.  Search this
Leeds, Pamela B.  Search this
Friedman, Robert A.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Friedman, Joseph Bernard, Dr., 1900-1982  Search this
Friedman, Betty  Search this
Flexible Straw Corporation.  Search this
Flex-Straw Co.  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Joseph B. Friedman Papers, 1915-2000, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
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Joseph B. Friedman Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0769-ref70

Dispensing Device, Legal Records & Correspondence, 1930 - 1935

Collection Source:
Rosen, Judith B.  Search this
Reiss, Linda A.  Search this
Leeds, Pamela B.  Search this
Friedman, Robert A.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Friedman, Joseph Bernard, Dr., 1900-1982  Search this
Friedman, Betty  Search this
Flexible Straw Corporation.  Search this
Flex-Straw Co.  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Joseph B. Friedman Papers, 1915-2000, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
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Joseph B. Friedman Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0769-ref74

Drinking Tube, Legal Records & Correspondence, 1936 - 1946

Collection Source:
Rosen, Judith B.  Search this
Reiss, Linda A.  Search this
Leeds, Pamela B.  Search this
Friedman, Robert A.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Friedman, Joseph Bernard, Dr., 1900-1982  Search this
Friedman, Betty  Search this
Flexible Straw Corporation.  Search this
Flex-Straw Co.  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Joseph B. Friedman Papers, 1915-2000, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Joseph B. Friedman Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0769-ref82

Legal Records, Re: Estate of Helen S. Cornell

Collection Creator:
Cornell, Joseph  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 18
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1968
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Joseph Cornell papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Joseph Cornell papers, 1804-1986, bulk 1939-1972. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
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Joseph Cornell papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-cornjose-ref29

Legal records relating to the Estate of Mark Rothko, 1957-1986

Creator:
Harrow, Gustave  Search this
Subject:
Annenberg, Walter H.  Search this
Rothko, Mark  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
New York (State).Attorney General's Office  Search this
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Decedents' estates  Search this
Law and art  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6067
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216127
AAA_collcode_harrgust2
Theme:
Ephemera, Miscellany, and General Art Related
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216127
Additional Online Media:

Gustave Harrow legal records relating to the Estate of Mark Rothko

Creator:
Harrow, Gustave  Search this
Names:
Mark Rothko Foundation  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
New York (State). Attorney General's Office  Search this
Annenberg, Walter H., 1908-  Search this
Rothko, Mark, 1903-1970  Search this
Extent:
34.6 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1957-1986
Summary:
The Gustave Harrow legal records relating to the Estate of Mark Rothko measure 34.6 linear feet and date from 1957-1986. The records document the case brought by the New York State Attorney General's Office as cross-petitioner to the case brought by Rothko's daughter Kate, against the executors of Rothko's estate, Frank Lloyd and the Marlborough Gallery, for mismanagement and self-dealing. There are also records related to Harrow's writings about the case. Lastly, included in the collection are materials relating to art law issues in connection with the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Scope and Contents:
New York State Attorney General Gustave Harrow's records relating to the Estate of Mark Rothko consist of legal and other documentation of the state's case in connection with the Mark Rothko Estate and Foundation, from Surrogate Court through appeals, as well as from Harrow's writings about the case, both during and after the trial. Various trial documents include affidavits, briefs, EBTs (examination before trial) trial transcripts, motions, depositions, notes and clippings, and miscellaneous records related to the case and post-trial activities. Also found are reference materials, Harrow's writings in connection with the case.

Unrelated to the Rothko case are Harrow's research materials for possible legal actions by the state in connection with Walter Annenberg's proposed donation of a Communication Center to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and with other issues including donations, object authenticity and the Packard Collection.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in 7 series.

Series 1: General Files, 1957-1981, undated

Series 2: Motions, 1971-1979, undated

Series 3: Decisions, 1970-1979, undated

Series 4: Appeals Documents, 1972-1979, undated

Series 5: Miscellaneous Case and Post-Trial files, 1972-1984, undated

Series 6: Reference Materials, Notes and Writings, 1970-1986

Series 7: Metropolitan Museum of Art / Walter Annenberg Etc., 1971-1981, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Gustave Harrow was a New York State Assistant Attorney General, and an adjunct professor in the Graduate Program in Arts Administration at NYU. Abstract Expressionist Artist Mark Rothko died on February 25, 1970 leaving the bulk of his estate, including 798 paintings (the greater part of his life's work) to the Mark Rothko Foundation which he had created shortly before his death. His daughter Kate [Rothko Prizel] brought suit against the estate executors and Marlborough Gallery for self-dealing, fraud, and conspiring with Marlborough owner, Frank Lloyd to waste the assets of the estate. The state of New York Attorney General's Office, represented by Harrow, joined the case as a cross-petitioner on behalf of the people of New York's interest as beneficiaries of the charitable Foundation. The case resulted in the return of most of the paintings, the removal of the executors (accountant Bernard Reis, artist Theodoros Stamos, and anthropology professor Morton Levine), and a $9.2 million judgment against them and Frank Lloyd. The case had a lasting effect on laws dealing with artists' estates, and Harrow was instrumental in framing a bill that aimed at reducing fraud in the fine arts market. Harrow wrote about the Rothko Estate case in several articles and in the 1979 book Art, the Artist, and the Consequences of Rothko: Lasting Legal Impressions from the Estate of Great Artist.
Related Materials:
Among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are the Mark Rothko Foundation records, 1976-1987; Legal records relating to Richard Serra v. United States General Services Administration et al., 1985-1987.

The Archives of American Art interviewed multiple artists as part of the Mark Rothko and His Times Oral History Project. Many of the interviews reference Rothko and his work, and relationships with the artist.

The Legal records relating to Richard Serra v. United States General Services Administration et al., 1985-1987 contains documentation of another lawsuit handled by Gustave Harrow.
Separated Materials:
Another small collection (11 items) of Mark Rothko papers were loaned to the Archives for microfilming on reel 3135. The papers were in the possession of George Carson, husband of Rothko's ex-wife Edith Carson. Carson gave the papers to the Mark Rothko Foundation and gave the Archives of American Art permission to microfilm them. The microfilm is available at Archives of American Art offices and through interlibrary loan but are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
The Gustave Harrow legal records relating to the Estate of Mark Rothko were donated to the Archives of American Art by Marilynn Karp March 23, 1996. Mr. Harrow had deposited the papers with Ms. Karp, a colleague of Harrow's at New York University where he was an adjunct professor.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recording with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Contact Reference services for more information.
Rights:
The Gustave Harrow legal records relating to the Estate of Mark Rothko are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Artists -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Decedents' estates -- New York (State)  Search this
Law and art -- United States  Search this
Citation:
Gustave Harrow legal records relating to the Estate of Mark Rothko, 1957-1986, undated. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.harrgust2
See more items in:
Gustave Harrow legal records relating to the Estate of Mark Rothko
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-harrgust2

Stock and Legal Records

Names:
Sohmer, Frank  Search this
Sommer, Sebastian  Search this
Collection Author:
Falcone Custom Grand Pianos  Search this
Collection Collector:
Musical Instruments, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Collection Donor:
Pratt, Read and Company  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sohmer & Company  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Agreements
Letters patent
Correspondence
Legal documents
Date:
1882 - 1985
Scope and Contents:
Stock Records for Sohmer & Co. consist of two stock certificate books, dating from 1940 to 1955. The Legal Records, dating from 1882 to 1985 are arranged chronologically. Included are the letters patent for inventions in the piano industry. The legal records also include a 1936 license agreement with Pratt, Read & Co., as well as a series of agreements between Harry Sohmer and his cousin Frank in regard to salaries for the years 1932 1934. Perhaps the most colorful event in Sohmer's history was the complaint filed by Hugo Sohmer and Josef Kuder against the Sebastian Sommer Piano Company in 1894. Additional information about this complaint is found in the publications about Sohmer (Series 11) which include the stenographic transcript of the hearings as reported by the Musical Courier. The series also includes records of the litigation Kahn vs. Sohmer, and correspondence between the Sohmer Company and its lawyers, Briesen and Schrenk, from 1930 to 1936, as well as a copy of Hugo Sohmer's will of 1911.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Piano makers -- Litigation  Search this
Piano makers  Search this
Piano makers -- Salaries  Search this
Licenses  Search this
Contracts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Agreements
Letters patent
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Legal documents
Collection Citation:
Sohmer & Co. Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0349, Series 1
See more items in:
Sohmer & Co. Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0349-ref290

Legal Records

Collection Creator:
Galerie Chalette  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1940-1996
Scope and Contents note:
The bulk of the legal records in this subseries are related to settling Arthur Lejwa's estate after his death in 1972 and Madeleine Lejwa's will. Additional legal records may be found in Series 6: Legal Records. This subseries is arranged alphabetically by type of material, then chronologically.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Galerie Chalette records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Galerie Chalette records, 1916-1996, bulk 1939-1994. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.galechal, Subseries 7.4
See more items in:
Galerie Chalette records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-galechal-ref583

Legal Records

Collection Creator:
Aach, Herbert, 1923-1985  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear Feet (Box 1)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1951-1986
Scope and Contents note:
Legal records include two contracts with the Creative Gallery, consignment agreements, and material relating to a law suit against Larry Rivers concerning the termination of Aach's lease on his studio.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Herbert Aach papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Herbert Aach papers, 1942-1988. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.aachherb, Series 4
See more items in:
Herbert Aach papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-aachherb-ref22

Legal Records

Collection Creator:
Architectural League of New York  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1927-1965
Scope and Contents note:
Legal records includes primarily correspondence. Folders are arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Architectural League of New York records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Architectural League of New York records, 1880s-1974, bulk 1927-1968. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.archleag, Subseries 4.3
See more items in:
Architectural League of New York records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-archleag-ref1469

Legal Records

Collection Creator:
Doll & Richards gallery  Search this
Extent:
(Boxes 18, 78; 0.3 linear feet)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1863-1906, 1941-1962
Scope and Contents note:
Legal Records contains contracts, agreements, certificates of stock, certificates of copyrights, and founding documents.
Arrangement note:
Folders are arranged alphabetically by subject.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Doll & Richards gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Doll & Richards gallery, 1863-1978, bulk 1902-1960s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dollrich, Series 4
See more items in:
Doll & Richards gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-dollrich-ref228

Legal Records

Collection Creator:
Galerie Chalette  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet (Box 17)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1938, 1959-1988
Scope and Contents note:
This series contains records pertaining to litigation against Galerie Chalette. The Lebenstein v. Lejwa (31325.002) folder titles were taken from the original folders; the numerical notation refers to the law firm's client number. Personal legal records can be found in Series 7: Personal Papers.
Arrangement note:
This series is arranged alphabetically by case name and then type of material.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Galerie Chalette records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Galerie Chalette records, 1916-1996, bulk 1939-1994. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.galechal, Series 6
See more items in:
Galerie Chalette records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-galechal-ref517

Legal Records

Collection Creator:
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1950s-1979
Scope and Contents:
This subseries contains correspondence and legal records for cases in which Nordness Gallery and Lee Nordness Galleries Art Advisory Section were involved.
Arrangement:
Folders are arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.nordlee, Subseries 1.5
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nordlee-ref1533

Legal Records

Collection Creator:
Terrain Gallery  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1964-1973
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Terrain Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
The Terrain Gallery records, circa 1950s-2005, bulk 1955-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.terrgall, Subseries 6.2
See more items in:
Terrain Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-terrgall-ref222

Legal Records

Collection Creator:
Watson, Orla E., 1896-1983  Search this
Watson, Edith, (estate of)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1946-1966
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Telescoping Shopping Cart Collection, 1946-1983, 2000, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0739, Series 3
See more items in:
Telescoping Shopping Cart Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0739-ref41

Legal Records

Collection Creator:
Chaloner Prize Foundation  Search this
Extent:
(Box 4; 0.3 linear feet)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1917-1974
Scope and Contents note:
Legal files primarily document the U.S. Supreme Court Judgement, 1917, and the transfer of the Foundation's assets to the American Academy in Rome.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Chaloner Prize Foundation records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Chaloner Prize Foundation records, 1915-1974. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.chalpriz, Series 3
See more items in:
Chaloner Prize Foundation records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-chalpriz-ref106

Legal Records

Collection Creator:
Davis, Gene, 1920-1985  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Gene Davis papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Gene Davis papers, 1920-2000, bulk 1942-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Gene Davis papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-davigene-ref321

Legal Records

Collection Creator:
Henson family  Search this
Extent:
0.06 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1833 - 1934
Scope and Contents:
This series contains materials related to the Hensons' legal matters. Included are documents related to land acquisitions and court appearances. Of particular interest is a 1931 title for land purchased by Tobias Henson in 1826.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Henson family papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Dr. Myrtle Henson.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-030, Series 2
See more items in:
Henson Family Papers
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-030-ref14

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