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Records, 1925-1949

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary  Search this
Uniform title:
North American Wildflowers  Search this
Smithsonian scientific series  Search this
World is yours (Radio program)  Search this
Subject:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) 1872-1973  Search this
Goddard, Robert Hutchings 1882-1945  Search this
Mellon, Andrew W (Andrew William) 1855-1937  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-1978  Search this
Saarinen, Eliel 1873-1950  Search this
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Wright, Orville 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur 1867-1912  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Radiation and Organisms Division  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Administration  Search this
Ethnogeographic Board (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Carnegie Institution of Washington  Search this
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
River Basin Surveys  Search this
United States Office of Scientific Research and Development  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Tamblyn and Brown Conferences  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
National Air Museum (U.S.)  Search this
United States Canal Zone Biological Area, Barro Colorado Island  Search this
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
United States Works Progress Administration  Search this
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics  Search this
National Research Council (U.S.)  Search this
Johnson-Smithsonian Deep-Sea Expedition to the Puerto Rican Trench, 1933  Search this
Conference on the Future of Smithsonian (1927)  Search this
Eighth American Scientific Congress (1940: Washington, D. C.)  Search this
Physical description:
78.75 cu. ft. (65 record storage boxes) (1 half document box) (90 3x5 boxes) (oversize materials)
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Date:
1925
1925-1949
1929
Topic:
Museums--Administration  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Depressions  Search this
Langley Medal  Search this
Radiation  Search this
Climatology  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000046
See more items in:
Administrative Records 1835-2016 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Budget Records 1892-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Correspondence 1863-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Governmental Relations Records 1907-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Correspondence Registers 1860-1949 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Expedition History 1937 [National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to Collect Living Wild Animals and Birds (1937)]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_216656

Records

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary  Search this
Extent:
78.75 cu. ft.
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1925-1949
Descriptive Entry:
This record unit traces the operation of the Smithsonian from 1925 to 1949. It contains records from the last years of Secretary Charles D. Walcott's administration, perhaps most notably the ambitious but abortive fund raising campaign to add $10,000,000.00 to the Smithsonian's endowment. The Depression and consequent cut-backs in government support are also present in the records, as well as Smithsonian contributions to World War II, which naturally had a significant impact on operations as well. Smithsonian bureaus that were created, enlarged, or significantly changed during these years, and which are represented here, include the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; the National Gallery of Art (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum); the National Gallery of Art created from the gift of Andrew Mellon; the National Zoological Park; the National Air and Space Museum; and the Canal Zone Biological Area (now the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute). Secretary Charles G. Abbot, whose tenure these records chiefly document, found his job complicated by the effects of the Depression and World War II. The principal event of his administration was Andrew Mellon's gift of a national art museum. Abbot created a Division of Radiation and Organisms within the Astrophysical Observatory, which he had directed and which remained his chief interest. He was also able to use Works Progress Administration funds to produce major improvements at the National Zoological Park. The Smithsonian maintained its ties with the National Academy of Sciences, the Carnegie Institution, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, the National Research Council, the National Geographic Society, and similar organizations. During World War II the Smithsonian was instrumental in operating the Ethnogeographic Board, and co-operated with the Office of Scientific Research and Development. Topics in these records include: the Johnson-Smithsonian Expedition to the Puerto Rico Trench, 1932; the Eighth American Scientific Congress, Washington, 1940; the Smithsonian Scientific Series; North American Wildflowers; the Langley-Wright controversy; the River Basin Survey; the abortive design competition for a museum of modern art, won by Eliel and Eero Saarinen and Robert Swanson; "The World Is Yours" radio programs; Robert H. Goddard's rocket research; the Langley Medal; private funding for the Smithsonian, particularly the Tamblyn and Brown plans for a 1927 campaign and the associated 1927 Conference on the Future of the Smithsonian; and Abbot's research in solar radiation and climatic studies.
Historical Note:
These records document the administrations of the Smithsonian Institution during the last years of Charles D. Walcott's administration, circa, 1925-1927; the tenure of Charles G. Abbot, his successor, 1927-1944; and a portion of the administration of Alexander Wetmore, circa 1944.
Topic:
North American Wildflowers  Search this
Smithsonian scientific series  Search this
World is yours (Radio program)  Search this
Museums -- Administration.  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Depressions -- 1929  Search this
Langley Medal.  Search this
Radiation  Search this
Climatology  Search this
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 46, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 46
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0046

Abbot, Charles G. Smithsonian Secretary, 1927-1944. This material consists of personal and administrative correspondence, especially concerning the Langley-Wright controversy, which Abbot struggled to end. Biographical data

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 46, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0046-refd1e209

Abbot, C. G. Langley-Wright controversy

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 46, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0046-refd1e239

Adler, Cyrus, 1925-1938. Discussing matters of mutual interest, including the Langley-Wright controversy. Adler had left the Smithsonian to become president of Dropsie College during Langley's tenure but kept friendly relations with Smithsonian colleag...

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 46, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0046-refd1e276

Scrapbook, 1925-1927 - Smithsonian clippings, including Langley-Wright controversy

Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 96, , Smithsonian News Clippings File
See more items in:
Smithsonian News Clippings File
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0096-refd1e484

Interview 1: 2 November 1998

Collection Creator:
Shropshire, Walter. interviewee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Rights:
Restricted.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9597, Shropshire, Walter. interviewee, Walter Shropshire Interviews
See more items in:
Walter Shropshire Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9597-refd1e165

Interview 1: 23 April 1974

Collection Creator::
Garber, Paul Edward, 1899-1992. interviewee  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9592, Oral history interviews with Paul Edward Garber
See more items in:
Oral history interviews with Paul Edward Garber
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9592-refidd1e309

The Relations Between the Smithsonian Institution and the Wright Brothers

Author:
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) b. 1872  Search this
Subject:
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) b. 1872  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond 1878-1930  Search this
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Wright, Orville 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur 1867-1912  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages : 27; Page numbers : 1-27
Date:
September 29, 1928
Topic:
Inventions  Search this
Wright Flyer (Airplane)  Search this
Wright Brothers  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Langley Aerodrome  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Tests  Search this
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Langley Medal  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Controversies  Search this
Awards  Search this
Medals  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, DC : Smithsonian Institution
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11222

Langley Manned Aerodrome Tested

Date:
October 7, 1903
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Controversies  Search this
Science--Experiments  Search this
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_178

Langley Aerodrome Lab Reopened

Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Board of Regents  Search this
Board of Regents  Search this
Date:
May 1, 1913
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Controversies  Search this
Science--Experiments  Search this
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
Research  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Inventions  Search this
Langley Aerodrome  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Tests  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_204

The 1914 Tests of the Langley "Aerodrome"

Author:
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) b. 1872  Search this
Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Wright, Orville 1871-1948  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond 1878-1930  Search this
Edition:
Eighth edition
Date:
1942
Topic:
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Inventions  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Langley Aerodrome  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Tests  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Controversies  Search this
Wright Flyer (Airplane)  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_2907

1914 Tests of the Langley "Aerodrome"

Author:
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) b. 1872  Search this
Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond 1878-1930  Search this
Wright, Orville 1871-1948  Search this
Physical description:
pp. 111-118
Date:
1943
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Controversies  Search this
Inventions  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Langley Aerodrome  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Tests  Search this
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Wright Flyer (Airplane)  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_2908

Capable of Flight: The Feud Between the Wright Brothers and the Smithsonian

Author:
Crouch, Tom D  Search this
Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Wright, Orville 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur 1867-1912  Search this
Physical description:
pp. 34-46
Date:
Spring 1987
Topic:
Wright Flyer (Airplane)  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Langley Aerodrome  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Tests  Search this
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
Controversies  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Artifacts  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_3048

A Dream of Wings: Americans and the Airplane, 1875-1905

Author:
Crouch, Tom D  Search this
Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Hodgkins Fund and Medal  Search this
Date:
1981
Topic:
Airplanes  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Biography  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Langley Aerodrome  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Tests  Search this
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
History of Technology  Search this
Awards  Search this
Medals  Search this
Publisher:
New York: W. W. Norton & Company
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_3049

Smithsoniana ad Nauseum and Other Editorials

Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) b. 1872  Search this
Wright, Orville 1871-1948  Search this
Physical description:
pp. 6-7
Date:
February 1933
Topic:
Wright Flyer (Airplane)  Search this
Controversies  Search this
Accessions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_3545

Langley: Man of Science and Flight

Author:
Vaeth, J. Gordon  Search this
Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Wright, Orville 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur 1867-1912  Search this
Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Date:
1966
Topic:
Wright Flyer (Airplane)  Search this
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Tests  Search this
Langley Aerodrome  Search this
Flying-machines  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Secretariats  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Biography  Search this
Publisher:
New York Ronald Press
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_3588

First Man-Carrying Aeroplane Capable of Sustained Free Flight-- Langley's Success as a Pioneer in Aviation

Author:
Zahm, A. F  Search this
Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond 1878-1930  Search this
Physical description:
pp. 217-222
Topic:
Biography  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_3630

Samuel Pierpont Langley's Work in Aeronautics

Author:
Oliver, J. W. , Jr  Search this
Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Edition:
M. A. Thesis
Date:
1952
Topic:
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Secretariats  Search this
Biography  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Flying-machines  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Tests  Search this
Langley Aerodrome  Search this
Publisher:
University of Pittsburgh
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_3764

Rehabilitation of Langley Aerodrome Finished

Subject:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond 1878-1930  Search this
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Date:
May 28, 1914
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Controversies  Search this
Science--Experiments  Search this
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
Research  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_451

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