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Iceberg near Labrador

Subject:
Ulrich, E. O (Edward Oscar) 1857-1944  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 3.41 x 2.41
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Labrador (N.L.)
Date:
Unknown
Topic:
Icebergs  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 10-188 [SIA2010-3336]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_388813

Getting along in Labrador

Author:
Petro-Canada  Search this
Physical description:
43 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador
Labrador (N.L.)
Date:
1980
[1980]
Topic:
Natural history  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
F1122 .G48 1980
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1106056

Leuman Maurice Waugh collection

Creator:
Waugh, Donald.  Search this
Waugh, Leuman Maurice, 1877-1972.  Search this
Names:
American Association of Dental Schools  Search this
American Board of Orthodontics  Search this
Columbia University  Search this
Nanuk Mi-kin-inni (Yacht)  Search this
New York Athletic Club  Search this
Northland (Coast Guard cutter: WPG-49)  Search this
United States. Public Health Service  Search this
Extent:
2.1 Linear feet ((5 boxes; 1 map case drawer))
1,749 Photographic prints
1,035 lantern slides
1579 negatives (photographic)
80 Film reels (16mm)
Culture:
Inuit  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Lantern slides
Negatives (photographic)
Film reels
Writings
Dental records
Printed ephemera
Maps
Correspondence
Clippings
Realia
Place:
Labrador (N.L.)
Alaska
Date:
1909-1963
Summary:
The Leuman Maurice Waugh collection contains papers, photographs, and film holdings that were created by Waugh during his dental research expeditions to indigenous communities in Newfoundland and Labrador in eastern Canada and in Arctic Alaska.
Scope and Contents:
The Leuman Maurice Waugh collection contains materials created and compiled by Dr. Leuman Waugh during his research expeditions to Arctic Alaska and the Newfoundland and Labrador regions of Eastern, Canada circa 1909-1963. During these trips, Waugh studied the dental health of Indigenous communities in the region and treated patients.

The collection contains materials that were created and collected by Waugh during his research trips and include raw dental data and community census information; professional and personal correspondence; clippings, articles, and essays; reports and lectures; logistics and trip planning documents; postcards; journals; and sketches and drawings, among other materials.

The collection also contains over 4,000 photographs and 80 16mm film reels that were shot by Waugh during his research trips and document his work with Indigenous communities in Alaska and eastern Canada.
Arrangement note:
Waugh's original order was disturbed over the years after his death and during transfer from the Waugh family to the Rankin Museum. NMAI archivists elected to arrange the collection chronologically.

The records are organized in the following series: I. Dental study data and logistics, II. Correspondence, III. Writings, IV. Realia and ephemera, V. Press clippings and public relations materials, VI. Maps and other oversized materials.Chronological arrangement.
Biographical/Historical note:
Born on March 6, 1877 in New Dundee, Ontario, Canada, Leuman Maurice Waugh, moved to Rochester, New York, with his family at the age of nine. He acquired his love for photography in Rochester, which always attributed as the "Kodak city." Following in his father's dentistry footsteps, Waugh attended the University of Buffalo, from which he received his D.D.S. in 1900. He took post-graduate studies in Histology, Bacteriology, and Pathology at Buffalo's School of Medicine, and within two years was appointed Professor of Histology and Embryology at his alma mater. In 1912, Waugh pioneered the design of a unit-type x-ray machine for use at the dental chair, which was later studied and adopted by large dental apparatus manufacturers. By the time he left Buffalo in 1914 to specialize in the infant field of orthodontics in New York City, he had served as Professor of Special Pathology and Officer of the Governing Faculty at the university.

In 1915, Waugh served on the Organization Committee of the Columbia Dental School and shortly thereafter became its Secretary of the Dental Faculty, and sequentially Secretary of the Administrative Board and Professor of Histology and Embryology. In 1921 he was appointed Professor and Director of the Orthodontic Division of the school, and later served as Associate Director, Acting Director and Associate Dean. Waugh's affiliation with Columbia lasted through 1945. He served as Director of the American Board of Orthodontics from 1949 to 1953, and was asked to serve as Secretary-Chairman of the Orthodontia section of the American Association of Dental Schools in 1930, and as President in 1935. Waugh married Helen "Esty" Marshall, and had a son, Donald (also a dentist), and a daughter, Dorothy.

An active member of the Explorer's Club and Commodore of the Yachting Department of the New York Athletic Club, Waugh volunteered to undertake Alaskan studies on caries research among the Inuit for the U.S. Public Health Service. In 1929, the Health Service appointed Waugh Dental Director (Reserve) at the rank of Colonel. Waugh was apparently inspired by a lecture he heard as a student in 1908 from Dr. Ales Hrdlicka, Smithsonian Curator of Physical Anthropology at the Institute of Dental Pedagogics, on the dental conditions of human populations. Waugh privately carried out a Labrador study between 1921 and d1927 over the course of five summers. Under the sometimes-partial aegis of the U.S. Public Heath Service, Waugh also studied twelve Alaskan Inuit communities between 1929 and 1938. He was the first dental officer in the U.S. Public Service ever assigned to the Coast Guard Cutter Northland's cruise area of the Bering Sea and Alaska Arctic regions. During his trips, Waugh compiled data on the teeth, mouth, and diet of indigenous communities. In addition, he took many photographs and films of both dental subjects and indigenous communities.

Waugh's son, Donald, accompanied him on his 1935 expedition up the Kuskokwim River (Alaska) in their custom designed and built 29 foot yacht Nanuk Mi-kin-inni (Polar Bear Cub). In 1936, Waugh was appointed to a position with the Alaska Health Service by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior via the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. This position allowed him to further his studies of tooth decay throughout Alaska and the Bering Sea region. Waugh's 1937 expedition included three dentists (one a biochemist), a physician and a nurse, and involved extensive air travel in small planes. A popular lecturer and prolific writer, Waugh continued to advocate for the health of the northern indigenous communities he visited long after his trips ended. He spent the remainder of his professional career at Columbia University, where he rose from Professor of Orthodontia (1923-19435) to (concurrently) Chief of Orthodontia and Director of the Department of Orthodontics. Waugh continued to be active in professional organizations well after his retirement, until a few years before his death at his home in Betterton, Maryland, on May 6, 1972.
Related Archival Materials note:
The National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution hold twenty Waugh photographs which located in the Division of Physical Anthropology Photograph Collection #NAA2223a. NAA also has Waugh material in the Henry Bascom Collins, Jr. Papers, #NAA3131. The Archives and Special Collections at the Augustus C. Long Health Sciences Library, Columbia University holds the School of Dental and Oral Surgery Records, 1892, 1915-1976 as well as the School of Dental and Oral Surgery, Historical Collection, 1892-1989.
Provenance:
The National Museum of the American Indian purchased the Waugh collection in 2001 from the Rankin Museum of American and Natural History in Ellerbee, N.C.
Restrictions:
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archivist for an appointment to access the collection.

Access restricted. Some dental records may be restricted from access, reproduction, or publication under personal health information privacy provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archies Center 301-238-1400 or nmaiarchives@si.edu for an appointment to access the collection.
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Occupation:
Dentists  Search this
Topic:
Dentists  Search this
Missions, Medical -- Kuskokwim River (Alaska)  Search this
Nutrition and dental health -- Alaska  Search this
Missions, Medical -- Labrador (N.L.)  Search this
Anthropology -- Alaska  Search this
Dentistry -- Alaska  Search this
Dentistry -- Labrador (N.L.)  Search this
Orthodontists  Search this
Inuit -- Names, Personal  Search this
Anthropology -- Labrador (N.L.)  Search this
Missions, Medical -- Alaska  Search this
Inuit -- Census -- Alaska  Search this
Teeth -- Radiography  Search this
Inuit -- Dental care -- Alaska  Search this
Nutrition and dental health -- Labrador (N.L.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Writings
dental records
Printed ephemera
Maps
Correspondence
Clippings
Realia
Citation:
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection, 1909-1963. National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.003
See more items in:
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-003

Lucien M. Turner Papers

Creator::
Turner, Lucien M. (Lucien McShan)  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (2 document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Black-and-white photographs
Drawings
Field notes
Manuscripts
Place:
Ungava Bay (Quebec)
Labrador (N.L.)
Date:
circa 1882-1884
Descriptive Entry:
These papers include notes and manuscripts by Turner and by others concerning the collections he made, and photographs of the natives of Labrador.
Historical Note:
Lucien M. Turner (1848-1909), a member of the Army Signal Corps, collected natural history and ethnological specimens for the United States National Museum. From 1874 to 1877, he was a meteorological observer for the Signal Service at St. Michael, Alaska. He also trained voluntary observers for the Service in the Aleutians from 1878 to 1881. In 1882, Turner was sent to Fort Chimo, Labrador, as an observer and remained there until he returned to Washington in 1884. At each of his duty stations, Turner made extensive collections and sent them to the Smithsonian.
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Natural history  Search this
Naturalists  Search this
Anthropologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Drawings
Field notes
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7192, Lucien M. Turner Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7192
See more items in:
Lucien M. Turner Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7192

The new Labrador papers of Captain George Cartwright / introduced and edited by Marianne P. Stopp

Author:
Cartwright, George 1739-1819  Search this
Stopp, Marianne P  Search this
Subject:
Cartwright, George 1739-1819  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 256 pages : illustrations (some color), map ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador
Labrador (N.L.)
Date:
2008
©2008
18th century
Topic:
Frontier and pioneer life  Search this
Building  Search this
Hunting--History  Search this
Inuit--Commerce--History  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_903301

With Dr. Grenfell in Labrador, by Cuthbert Lee, with a chapter by Wilfred T. Grenfell

Author:
Lee, Cuthbert 1891-1971  Search this
Grenfell, Wilfred Thomason Sir 1865-1940  Search this
Physical description:
3 preliminary leaves, 5-157 pages frontispiece, plates, portraits, map 19 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador
Labrador (N.L.)
Date:
1914
Topic:
Missions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_961226

Group in Native Dress Outside Sod House, 1860

Photographer:
Bradford, William 1823-1892  Search this
Physical description:
1 photoprint 006 in x 008 in mounted on 010 in x 012 in
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Inuit  Search this
Indians of North America Subarctic  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Labrador (N.L.)
Hopedale (N.L.)
Date:
1860
Local number:
NAA INV 01468900
NAA MS 4559 (019)
OPPS NEG 76-872
See more items in:
Photographs of American Indians and Other Subjects 1840s-1960s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_30221

Man and Woman in Native Dress, 1860

Photographer:
Bradford, William 1823-1892  Search this
Physical description:
1 photoprint 006 in x 008 in mounted on 010 in x 012 in
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Inuit  Search this
Indians of North America Subarctic  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Labrador (N.L.)
Hopedale (N.L.)
Date:
1860
Local number:
NAA INV 01469200
NAA MS 4559 (021)
OPPS NEG 76-877
See more items in:
Photographs of American Indians and Other Subjects 1840s-1960s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_30223

Man and Woman With Infant on Her Back; Both in Native Dress n.d

Photographer:
Bradford, William 1823-1892  Search this
Physical description:
1 photoprint 006 in x 008 in mounted on 010 in x 012 in
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Inuit  Search this
Indians of North America Subarctic  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Labrador (N.L.)
Hopedale (N.L.)
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01469300
NAA MS 4559 (020)
OPPS NEG 76-875
See more items in:
Photographs of American Indians and Other Subjects 1840s-1960s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_30224

A woman's way through unknown Labrador / Mina Benson Hubbard ; edited and with an introduction by Sherrill Grace

Author:
Hubbard, Mina  Search this
Grace, Sherrill 1944-  Search this
Subject:
Hubbard, Mina Travel  Search this
Hubbard, Leonidas 1872-1903 Travel  Search this
Physical description:
lxxvi, 271 p. : ill., col. maps, ports. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador
Labrador (N.L.)
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Explorers  Search this
Women explorers  Search this
Discovery and exploration  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_802727

The Labradorians : voices from the land of Cain / Lynne D. Fitzhugh

Author:
Fitzhugh, Lynne D  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 507 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Labrador (N.L.)
Date:
1999
C1999
Topic:
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_899270

White Eskimo : a novel of Labrador / by Harold Horwood

Author:
Horwood, Harold Andrew 1923-  Search this
Physical description:
278 p. : map ; 18 cm
Type:
Books
Fiction
Place:
Labrador (N.L.)
Date:
1973
1973, c1972
Call number:
PR9199.3.H67 H67 1973
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_726253

Newfoundland and Labrador prehistory / James A. Tuck

Author:
Tuck, James A  Search this
Archaeological Survey of Canada  Search this
Physical description:
127 p., [4] leaves of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 23 x 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador (N.L.)
Date:
1976
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_746567

The burial at L'Anse-Amour / Robert McGhee

Author:
McGhee, Robert  Search this
Physical description:
24 p. : col. ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador (N.L.)
Date:
1976
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
E78.N72 M34 1976
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_746581

The story of Labrador / Bill Rompkey

Author:
Rompkey, William 1936-  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 195 p., [21] p. of plates : ill., map ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Labrador (N.L.)
Date:
2003
C2003
Topic:
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_750230

Wilderness trails in three continents : an account of travel, big game hunting and exploration in India, Burma, China, East Africa and Labrador / by Lionel A.D. Leslie with a foreword by the Rt. Hon. Winston S. Churchill

Author:
Leslie, Lionel Allistair David  Search this
Russell E. Train Africana Collection (Smithsonian Libraries) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 223 p. : ill., port. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Asia
Tanzania
Labrador (N.L.)
Date:
1931
Topic:
Hunting  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_793415

The woman who mapped Labrador : the life and expedition diary of Mina Hubbard / diary introduced and edited by Roberta Buchanan and Bryan Greene ; biography by Anne Hart

Title:
Mapped Labrador
Life and expedition diary of Mina Hubbard
Author:
Hubbard, Mina  Search this
Buchanan, Roberta  Search this
Hart, Anne  Search this
Greene, B. A (Bryan A.)  Search this
Subject:
Hubbard, Mina  Search this
Hubbard, Mina Travel  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 506 p. : ill., maps, ports. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Diaries
Place:
Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador
Labrador (N.L.)
Date:
2005
C2005
Topic:
Explorers  Search this
Women explorers  Search this
Discovery and exploration  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_795246

Skrælingerne i Markland og Grønland : deres sprog og nationalitet / af William Thalbitzer

Author:
Thalbitzer, William 1873-1958  Search this
Physical description:
p. [185]-209 ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Greenland
Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador
Labrador (N.L.)
Date:
1905
1903]
Topic:
Inuit  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
E99.E7 T362 1903
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_692063

The Newfoundland guide book : including Labrador and St. Pierre / contributors, J.G. Millais ... [et al.]

Author:
Millais, John Guille 1865-1931  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 184 p., [2] leaves of plates (1 folded) : ill., map ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Guidebooks
Place:
Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador (N.L.)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Date:
1911
Call number:
F1122 .N49 1911
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_513088

Labrador Eskimo settlements of the early contact period / J. Garth Taylor

Author:
Taylor, J. Garth  Search this
National Museums of Canada  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 102 p. : maps ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador
Labrador (N.L.)
Date:
1974
Topic:
Eskimos  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
E99.E7 T39 1974
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_567983

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