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Alan and Elaine Levitt Advertisement Collection

Topic:
Coca-Cola (Trademark)
Kodak (Brand name)
Collector:
Levitt, Alan  Search this
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Levitt, Elaine  Search this
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Names:
Eastman Kodak Co.  Search this
Sherman Pharmacy (Sherman, N.Y.)  Search this
Extent:
5 Cubic feet (5 boxes, 3 oversized folders)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Business records
Booklets
Advertisements
Place:
Chautauqua County (N.Y.) -- 1920-1970
Date:
1920 - 1960s.
Summary:
Advertising materials relating to pharmaceutical and other supplies as part of the stock of retail pharmacies from 1920 to the early 1960s, mostly advertisements for cigars, cigarettes, Coca-Cola, Kodak, veterinary supplies, and patent medicines.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists primarily of advertising materials related to pharmaceutical and other supplies part of the stock of retail pharmacies during the period from the 1920s to the 1960s. Much of it was in the store when the Levitts purchased the Sherman Pharmacy.

The majority is advertisements for such items as cigars, cigarettes, Coca Cola, Kodak products, veterinary supplies, and patent medicines. There are a few photographs of local (Sherman) interest and a few booklets and pamphlets, including a high school yearbook.

The material is in excellent condition. It has been left in the boxes and folders in which it was received from the Division of Medical Sciences.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Organizational Files, 1922-1995

Subseries 1.1: Administration, 1923-1994

Subseries 1.2: Affiliates and Offices, 1922-1964

Series 2: Subject Files, 1851-1990
Biographical / Historical:
Alan Levitt, who owned and operated a pharmacy in Sherman (Chautauqua County), New York, and his wife Elaine, gave to the National Museum of American History a number of pharmaceutically related objects and a collection of archival graphic materials, primarily advertising in nature. The pharmacy from which the materials came was known as Sherman Pharmacy and was located at 105 West Main Street, Sherman, New York. It was opened by James Tuft on May 9, 1895. The Levitts' decision to sell and leave Sherman was made in 1983 after about ten years of operating the store. The correspondence with respect to making the gift to the Smithsonian indicates the move was related to a desire to be part of the Jewish culture in a larger community than Sherman, which has no synagogue, for example. The Levitts had one small child and a second was on the way. By early January 1986, the Levitts had sold the pharmacy and bought a house at 2551 East 26th Street, Brooklyn, New York, 11235. Mr. Levitt was employed as a pharmacist in a state institution in Manhattan.
Provenance:
The materials were given by Alan and Elaine Levitt, September 1984.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Patent medicines  Search this
Cigarettes -- advertising -- 1920-1970  Search this
advertising -- History -- 1920-1970  Search this
advertising -- Photography -- Apparatus and supplies -- 1920-1970  Search this
Cigars  Search this
Pharmaceutical industry -- 1920-1970  Search this
Pharmacology -- 1920-1970  Search this
Photography -- Apparatus and supplies  Search this
Pharmacists -- 1920-1970  Search this
Drugstores  Search this
Veterinary supplies industry -- 1920-1970  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records -- 20th century
Booklets -- 1920-1970
Advertisements
Citation:
Alan and Elaine Levitt Advertisement Collection, 1920-early 1960s, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0303
See more items in:
Alan and Elaine Levitt Advertisement Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0303

Women in Industry Photographs and Advertisements

Topic:
Kodak (Brand name)
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (2 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Advertisements
Date:
1890-1948
Summary:
The collection consists of photographs and advertisements related to women working in industry dating from 1890 to 1948.
Scope and Contents:
Series 1: Photographs includes images of women in industry along with associated documents. Materials are arranged alphabetically by subject. The photographs date from 1890 to 1981, yet the bulk of the materials are from 1930 to 1948. A portion of the materials are undated. There is a notable shortage of material related to women of color. The photographs depict women working in engineering jobs, operating heavy machinery, working with textiles, and handling different types of technology. There are several types of machines and products featured in the collection including pneumatic drills, gas irons, typewriters, rivet guns, compressed air machines, an arbor press, bending roll machines, and light bulbs. Documents that correspond to the photographs discuss an increase in women taking men's jobs in the 1940s while the men were at war. Consequently, photographs from the 1940s in this collection represent the transition of making machinery more applicable to women and enabling them to do "man-sized" jobs. Many of the 1940's photographs depict women enrolling in engineering training programs and physically working with heavy machinery.

Earlier materials from the early 1900s show women sitting in factories next to lighter equipment such as sewing machines and typewriters. There are a variety of companies displayed in the photographs including B. F. Spinney Co., Computing-Bureau Freight Accounts, Curtis Publishing Company, Curtis-Wright Corporation, Deane Works, Draper Corporation, General Electric Co., Glenn L. Martin Co., Goodyear Aircraft Corp., Osborn Manufacturing Company, and Timken Roller Bearing Co. A portion of the commercial photographs were taken by companies including Commercial Photo Co., Eastman Kodak Company, Mercury MFG. Co., Novelty Photo Co., Science Service, and Underwood and Underwood.

Series 2: Advertisements includes advertisements related to women in industry. These advertisements date from 1927 to 1946. The materials in this series promote products and jobs targeting women operating machinery such as safety bars, grinding tools, bending roles, gauges, double-seaming machines, and portable package staplers. There are a variety of companies featured in this series including Acme Staple Co., Ashcroft Gauge Division, Buffalo Forge Company, E.W. Bliss Co., The Sheffield Corporation, and Willson Safety Products.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Photographs, 1890-1948

Series 2: Advertisements, 1927-1946
Historical:
This artificially created collection traces the transition of women's work in industry during the twentieth century. Most of the collection materials have a different provenance, but thirty-two photographs were assembled by Helena E. Wright during her years working as a curator in the Division of Culture and the Arts at the National Museum of American History. Other photographs showing women in industrial sites were added to the collection by the curator Peter Liebhold in the Division of Work and Industry. The photographs and advertisements in the complete collection were arranged to exhibit the evolution of women in the workforce. Women's occupations in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries included work in the clothing industry (i.e. Draper Corporation, B. F. Spinney Co.), factories, and production lines. Despite the low pay, laborious and unsafe working conditions that came with working in these industries, most women felt a sense of empowerment being employed outside the home. Many women welcomed the opportunity to provide an income for their families yet worked long hours in inadequate and dismal settings. During World War I and World War II, men left their industry jobs to serve in the war. In order to serve the war effort, women found more employment opportunities in several types of industries. These included electric companies (i.e. General Electric Co.), aircraft and aerospace engineering businesses (i.e. Glenn L. Martin Co., Goodyear Aircraft Corp.), foundry work (i.e. Osborn Manufacturing Company), steel making (i.e. Timken Roller Bearing Co.), as well as enrollment in engineering training programs (i.e. Curtis-Wright Corporation). These industries provided women with a broader range of employment opportunities, skills, and experiences. Consequently, other companies began creating and marketing products to help improve the lives of women in the workforce. Inventions such as the Willson Saf-t-Bra advertised comfort and protection to women working in various industry occupations.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Women (AC0060) Rosie the Riveter Health and Safety Records (AC0621) Jantzen Knitting Mills Collection (AC0233)
Provenance:
Found in collections and assembled by curatorial staff.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Science Service  Search this
Women iron and steel workers  Search this
Women laborers  Search this
Factories -- 20th century  Search this
Textile industry  Search this
Machinery industry  Search this
Electric engineering -- 20th century  Search this
Industrial engineering  Search this
Manufacturing -- 1920-1930  Search this
Commercial photography  Search this
Women employees  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Industry -- U.S.  Search this
Women -- Employment  Search this
Women in technology  Search this
Women in advertising  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements -- 20th century
Citation:
Women in Industry Photographs and Advertisements, 1890-1948, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1446
See more items in:
Women in Industry Photographs and Advertisements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1446
Additional Online Media:

[Street scene with "Kodaks" sign : stereo photonegative]

Topic:
Kodak (Brand name)
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Names:
Eastman Kodak Company  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Germany -- 1900-1910
Date:
[ca. 1902.]
Local Numbers:
RSN 3389
General:
Currently stored in box 1.1.17 [47].
Cancelled by scratching.
"Kodaks" sign is difficult to see in digital version, but is clear in the negative and prints made from it.
Orig. No. 444-D (number on original envelope).
Collection Restrictions:
Researchers should view the positive videodisc image first or locate the image in SIRIS on the World Wide Web. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center.

A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.,Contact David Haberstich, 633-3721.

Digital image files linked to item-level records in SIRIS Webpac.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Photography -- Apparatus and supplies -- 1900-1910  Search this
Signs and signboards -- 1900-1910 -- Germany  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 3363-3468
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref3293

"Kodak fiend" series no. 1: "Hello! Here's a kodak fiend." [Active No. 5437 : stereo photonegative.]

Topic:
Kodak (Brand name)
COMICS---KODAK FIEND SERIES
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Scope and Contents:
Photographer is photographing the three women on bicycles.
Arrangement:
Formerly stored in box 1.1.30 [159].
Local Numbers:
RSN 5554

AC0143-0005554 (AC Scan No.)
General:
Part of comic (?) sequence in which three women cyclists see a male photographer trying to photograph them with a stereo camera. They attack him and break his camera. Original no. 221-F.
Collection Restrictions:
Researchers should view the positive videodisc image first or locate the image in SIRIS on the World Wide Web. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center.

A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.,Contact David Haberstich, 633-3721.

Digital image files linked to item-level records in SIRIS Webpac.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bicycles -- 1880-1920  Search this
Cameras -- 1890-1920  Search this
Photographers -- 1890-1920  Search this
Kodak camera  Search this
Assault and battery -- 1890-1920  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1890-1920 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 5534-5631
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref5495
Additional Online Media:

"We object to being taken." [No. 2 in a series; Active no. 5438 : stereo photonegative.]

Topic:
Kodak (Brand name)
COMICS---KODAK FIEND SERIES
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Scope and Contents:
Part of comic (?) sequence in which four women cyclists see a male photographer trying to photograph them with a stereo camera. They attackhim and break his camera.
Local Numbers:
RSN 5555
General:
Currently stored in box 1.1.30 [159]. Original number 222-L.
Collection Restrictions:
Researchers should view the positive videodisc image first or locate the image in SIRIS on the World Wide Web. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center.

A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.,Contact David Haberstich, 633-3721.

Digital image files linked to item-level records in SIRIS Webpac.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bicycles -- 1880-1920  Search this
Cameras -- 1890-1920  Search this
Photographers -- 1890-1920  Search this
Kodak camera  Search this
Assault and battery -- 1890-1920  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1890-1920 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 5534-5631
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref5496

"Kodak fiend" series no. 3: "But we don't mind fixin' you." [Active no. 5439 : stereo photonegative.]

Topic:
Kodak (Brand name)
COMICS---KODAK FIEND SERIES
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Scope and Contents:
Part of comic (?) sequence in which four women cyclists see a male photographer trying to photograph them with a stereo camera. They attack him and break his camera.
Local Numbers:
RSN 5556
General:
Currently stored in box 1.1.30 [159]. Associated number: 223-J.
Collection Restrictions:
Researchers should view the positive videodisc image first or locate the image in SIRIS on the World Wide Web. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center.

A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.,Contact David Haberstich, 633-3721.

Digital image files linked to item-level records in SIRIS Webpac.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bicycles -- 1880-1920  Search this
Cameras -- 1890-1920  Search this
Photographers -- 1890-1920  Search this
Kodak camera  Search this
Assault and battery -- 1890-1920  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1890-1920 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 5534-5631
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref5497

"Kodak fiend" series no. 4: "And we'll focus your old camera and develop that plate." [Active no. 5440 : stereo photonegative.]

Topic:
Kodak (Brand name)
COMICS---KODAK FIEND SERIES
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Names:
Eastman Kodak Company  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Local Numbers:
RSN 5557
General:
Currently stored in box 1.1.30 [159]. Associated number: 224-C.
Part of comic (?) sequence in which four women cyclists see a male photographer trying to photograph them with a stereo camera. They attack him and break his camera.
Collection Restrictions:
Researchers should view the positive videodisc image first or locate the image in SIRIS on the World Wide Web. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center.

A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.,Contact David Haberstich, 633-3721.

Digital image files linked to item-level records in SIRIS Webpac.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bicycles -- 1880-1920  Search this
Comic, The  Search this
Cameras -- 1890-1920  Search this
Photographers -- 1890-1920  Search this
Kodak camera  Search this
Assault and battery -- 1890-1920  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1890-1920 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 5534-5631
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref5498

"Kodak fiend" series no. 5: "Ta! ta! You're a picture." [Active no. 5441 : stereo photonegative.]

Topic:
Kodak (Brand name)
COMICS---KODAK FIEND SERIES
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Local Numbers:
RSN 5558
General:
Currently stored in box 1.1.30 [159]. Associated number: 226-F.
Collection Restrictions:
Researchers should view the positive videodisc image first or locate the image in SIRIS on the World Wide Web. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center.

A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.,Contact David Haberstich, 633-3721.

Digital image files linked to item-level records in SIRIS Webpac.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bicycles -- 1880-1920  Search this
Cameras -- 1890-1920  Search this
Photographers -- 1890-1920  Search this
Kodak camera  Search this
Assault and battery -- 1890-1920  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1890-1920 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 5534-5631
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref5499

[Trade catalogs on direct positive photo paper and chemicals, cloth curtains for photo machines, photo studios ... ]

Author:
Hanna Mfg. Corp  Search this
Photo Reproduction Masters (Firm)  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries American History Trade Literature Collection DSI  Search this
Physical description:
<9> v. : ill
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1969
1969-
Topic:
Photography--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Photography--Studios and dark rooms  Search this
Hanna (Brand name)  Search this
Kodak (Brand name)  Search this
Call number:
054124
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_720925

[Trade catalogs on professional and industrial photography equipment: Lektra gaseous burst equipment and accessories, Goodkin vertical 18-inch camera, floating action tripods with heads, side arms, 70mm roll film back, electric retoucher, retouching leads, retouching varnish, daylight negative numbering machine, Chill Chaser, photocolors, frames, intercoms, pre-color spray, charcoal tapestry, photo mounting adhesive, color toners, film, filters, processing chemicals and formulas, loader-processor, lantern slide mats, boosters, universal timer, law enforcement evidence data book, and mailing envelopes]

Author:
T.H. Wilton Co  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries American History Trade Literature Collection DSI  Search this
Physical description:
<1> v. : ill
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1963
1963-
Topic:
Photography--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Photography--Processing--Equipment and supplies--Catalogs  Search this
Kodak (Brand name)  Search this
Lektra (Brand name)  Search this
Goodkin (Brand name)  Search this
Webster (Brand name)  Search this
Stern (Brand name)  Search this
Edwal (Brand name)  Search this
Call number:
049610
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_523718

[Trade catalogs on cameras: still cameras, reflex cameras, movie cameras, and pocket cameras; new, used and shopworn cameras; movie projectors, sound projectors, slide projectors; stereoscope, scenic travel reels, binoculars; photo oil colors, film development tank, electric printer; camera accessories: exposure meters, camera lenses, enlargers; gift certificate, frames, and photo albums]

Author:
Willoughby (Firm)  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries American History Trade Literature Collection DSI  Search this
Physical description:
<4> v. : ill. (some col.)
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1911
[1911?]-
Topic:
Cameras  Search this
Photographic lenses  Search this
Photography--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Projectors  Search this
Binoculors--Catalogs  Search this
Stereoscope--Catalogs  Search this
Kodak (Brand name)  Search this
Graflex (Brand name)  Search this
Call number:
48888
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_497584

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