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Fred S. Rosenau Papers

Source:
Armed Forces History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Creator:
Rosenau, Fred Simon  Search this
Former owner:
Armed Forces History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Names:
United States. Office of War Information  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (3 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Leaflets
Correspondence
Newspapers
Booklets
Maps
Matchcovers
Newsletters
Clippings
Menus
Place:
Calcutta (India) -- 1940-1950
India -- 1940-1950
Thailand -- 1940-1950
Burma -- 1940-1950
China -- 1940-1950
India -- description and travel -- 1901-1946
Date:
1944-1945
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains both the personal papers of Fred Rosenau and examples of air-dropped psychological warfare literature created by the O.W.I. Amongst his personal papers, which constitute the first series, there are information guidebooks and language aids for India and Burma, a large number of Indian newspaper articles, and photographs taken by Rosenau in Calcutta. However, letters to his family in New York City compose the bulk of the personal series. Along with detailing the experience of a young American living in India and his reactions to a distinctly different culture, the letters document the organization of his O.W.I. office and the duties of its workers. In one particular letter, dated January 7, 1945, (which was hand-delivered to his family and thus avoided censorship) Rosenau was able to write freely about his work, colleagues, and responsibilities in Calcutta. In addition, there are letters from the O.W.I. headquarters in New Delhi to Rosenau, including one in which the proposed post-war job was offered.

The second series contains general information about the O.W.I. and its aims. It mainly consists of documents and photographs relating to Rosenau's office. The series includes many examples of propaganda leaflets directed towards the Burmese and Thai peoples (with attached translations) which were produced by the Calcutta team. The representative works include news bulletins on the war's progress, warnings about future Allied bombings, and a variety of anti-Japanese and morale-boosting literature. It also includes examples of leaflets dropped over Japan, which were directed at soldiers rather than civilians in an attempt to undermine their faith in the military leaders. Click here to go to provenance and related collections note.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

Series 1: Personal Experience of Fred S. Rosenau

Series 2: Psychological Warfare
Biographical / Historical:
Fred Simon Rosenau was a student at Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania, when he joined the Overseas Branch of the Office of War Information (O.W.I.) in May 1944. After completing training at an unidentified military base camp, Rosenau traveled to Calcutta, India, where he served as Assistant Representative under the directorship of Mr. Teg Grondahl. The Calcutta office was part of the China-Burma-India (CBI) theater and as such its psychological warfare activities were directed towards Burma and Thailand. Initially Rosenau was responsible for leaflet production, including supervising their printing and delivery to air crews, as well as serving as an assistant to Grondahl. By the spring of 1945, however, Rosenau's role had been expanded and he was given new charges in the intelligence field, becoming more directly involved in the development and editing of "strategic" literature.

While in Calcutta, Rosenau lived in a series of different boarding houses. When he was not working (by the summer of 1945, his work load had been substantially reduced), he devoted his spare time to writing letters home, sightseeing around the city and neighboring areas of Bengal, and attending local cultural events. However, the heat and lack of proper sanitary conditions continued to frustrate Rosenau as he attempted to adjust to an Asian lifestyle.

Once the Japanese had surrendered in September 1945 and World War II had officially ended, Rosenau was offered a position by the Director of Psychological Warfare in India--William Carter--to join a new O.W.I news operation in Bangkok, Thailand. Its intent, as explained to Rosenau, was to fulfill the "need for American news" in Asia. Rosenau declined the offer since he was dissatisfied with the proposed salary and wanted to complete his college education. He left for the United States on the S.S. Muir in late September. Later, he attended the University of Chicago and received his bachelor of arts degree in 1947. His subsequent career is unknown. Rosenau died in 1985.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana (AC #60) contains some three hundred posters from World War I and II.

Princeton University Poster Collection (AC 433) has over 10,600 World War I and II posters.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Armed Forces History Division of the NMAH in January 1986, by Lucy W. Rosenau, daughter of Fred Rosenau. It was transferred to the Archives Center in January 1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
"Yank"  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Propaganda  Search this
Chinese language -- 1940-1950  Search this
Japanese language -- 1940-1950  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Personal narratives  Search this
Burmese language -- 1940-1950  Search this
Propaganda, Anti-Japanese -- 1940-1950  Search this
Psychological warfare -- 1940-1950  Search this
Leaflets dropped from aircraft -- 1940-1950  Search this
Propaganda, American -- 1940-1950  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Burma  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- China  Search this
Thai language -- 1940-1950  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Pamphlets  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- India  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Leaflets -- 1940-1950
Correspondence -- 1940-1950
Newspapers -- 1940-1950
Booklets -- 1940-1950
Maps -- 1940-1950
Matchcovers -- 1940-1950
Newsletters -- 1940-1950
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Menus -- 1940-1950
Citation:
Fred S. Rosenau Papers, 1944-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0478
See more items in:
Fred S. Rosenau Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0478

Anthony Lanza World War II Letters and Photographs

Creator:
Lanza, Kenneth  Search this
Lanza, Anthony, 1925-1995  Search this
Extent:
1.33 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Diaries
Letters (correspondence)
Photographs
Place:
Japan -- World War, 1939-1945
Hiroshima-shi (Japan) -- History -- Bombardment, 1945
Date:
1925-1946
undated
bulk 1940-1946
Summary:
World War II personal papers, photographs, and printed material of Anthony R. Lanza, who served in the U.S. Army in Japan between 1944 and 1946.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents Anthony Lanza's United States Army service in Japan during World War II, mostly through letters and photographs. Also included are miscellaneous items such as newsletters, clippings, drawings, Japanese travel and language guides, and official military papers. Particular research value lies in the photographic documentation of Hiroshima shortly after the atomic bomb was dropped, photographs of the Enola Gay, and an eyewitness account by a survivor.

Series 1, Photographs, 1925, 1944, 1945, 1946, undated, contains documentation of Lanza's time in Japan during World War II, divided by subject matter. Many of the photographs are annotated on the reverse side. Included in the collection are photographs of the Enola Gay, Hiroshima shortly after the atomic bomb was dropped, and the 308th General Hospital in Japan. There are also several photographs of landscapes and Japanese citizens. The folder containing street scenes includes one formal portrait of a Japanese family Lanza encountered in his travels. There are also photographs not taken in Japan, including images of Niagara Falls.

Series 2, Personal Papers, 1940s, undated, contains various papers that belonged to Lanza, including his diary, several letters to his mother written from Japan, a scrapbook, a first person account of the Hiroshima bombing written by Reverend John A. Siemes, military papers (special orders, immunization records, payroll information, and discharge papers), military newsletters, newspaper and magazine clippings, and various sketches and notes. The newspaper and magazine subjects contain information regarding a relative, a blurb about a DDT insecticide experiment, and information regarding musical performances.

Series 3, Materials Related to Japan, 1945, undated, contains two Japanese language books, a tourist magazine, and a book created for tourism about Japan dated 1945.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in three series.

Series 1, Photographs, 1925, 1944, 1945, 1946, undated

Series 2, Personal Papers, 1940s, undated

Series 3, Materials Related to Japan, 1945, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Dr. Anthony R. Lanza was born July 20, 1925, in New York City. He was inducted into the United States Army in March of 1944, worked at the 308th General Hospital in Japan, and received an honorable discharge in May of 1946. He attained the rank of Master Sergeant and received the American Campaign Medal, Good Conduct Medal, Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal, and World War II Victory Medal. Lanza later worked as a public school teacher in Union, New Jersey, and Valley Stream, New York, as well as a faculty member of the School of Education at New York University. He also served as Chief of the NESA Education Branch in AID/Washington, as an Education Advisor in Turkey for nine years, and as a USAID Chief Education Officer in Guatemala, Afghanistan, and Pakistan for twelve years. He went on to work as Regional Education Officer for Africa for the Office of Overseas Schools in the U.S. State Department.
Related Materials:
World War II Bomb Damage Photographs contains photographs of the aftermath of the bombings in Nagasaki, Japan, and Manila in the Philippines. Emilio Segre Collection documents research relating to the development of the atomic bomb.
Provenance:
Anthony Lanza's son, Kenneth Lanza, donated this collection in 2005 and additional materials were donated in 2007.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Atomic bomb  Search this
Japanese language -- 1940-1950  Search this
Nuclear warfare  Search this
Military occupation -- Japan  Search this
Travel -- Japan  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings -- 1940-1950
Diaries -- 1940-1950
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Citation:
Anthony Lanza World War II Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0910
See more items in:
Anthony Lanza World War II Letters and Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0910
Additional Online Media:

Index of Japanese painters / compiled by the Society of Friends of Eastern Art

Author:
Tōyō Bijutsu Kokusai Kenkyūkai  Search this
Physical description:
160 p. : fold. table ; 19 cm
Type:
Dictionaries
Place:
Japan
Date:
1958
1940
[1958]
Topic:
Painters--English  Search this
Call number:
927 .T6
ND1058 .T65 1958
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_864852

Takarazuka konchukanhō

Title:
Bulletin of the Takarazuka Insectarium <1950>-
Author:
Takarazuka Bungei Toshokan  Search this
Physical description:
79 v. : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
Japan
Date:
1940
1951
[1940-1951]
Topic:
Insects  Search this
Call number:
QL461 .T13
QL461.T13
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_433931

Nihon kuikibetsu furōra bunken mokuroku / Okuyama Shunki

Title:
List of botanical literatures on the local flora of Japan
Author:
Okuyama, Shunki  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. ; 26 cm
Type:
Bibliography
Place:
Japan
Date:
1948
1951
1948-1951
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Call number:
QK51.2.J3 O41 1948
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_485282

Nihon shushi shokubutsu shūran / Hara Hiroshi cho

Author:
Hara, Hiroshi 1911-  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Japan
Date:
1949
1954
Shōwa 23-29 [1948-1954, i.e. 1949-1954]
Topic:
Phanerogams  Search this
Botany  Search this
Call number:
QK369.H26X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_326542

Kaiyō seibutsu jihō = Bulletin of the Marine Biological Station of Asamushi

Title:
Bulletin of the Marine Biological Station of Asamushi
Author:
Tōhoku Daigaku Asamushi Rinkai Jikkenjo  Search this
Physical description:
6 v. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1946
[ -1953]
Topic:
Marine biology  Search this
Call number:
QH91.A1 K13
QH91.A1K13
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_361100

Pacific oceanographic fishery investigations. [Translations from the Japanese language] no. [1]-52

Author:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. (incl. 52 translations) tables. 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1949
1950
1949-50
Call number:
SH214.U58 1949
SH214.U58 1949
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_241498

Folk medicines of the Palau islander, by Masayoshi Okabe ..

Author:
Okabe, Masayoshi  Search this
Physical description:
1 p. l., 25 numb. l. 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1953
1941
Call number:
615.32O41
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_254514

We had those occupation blues : Japan and the Americans / by Gijin Isoi ; translated by Steven Karpa

Author:
Isoi, Gijin  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 148 p. : ill ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Fiction
Place:
Japan
Date:
1988
C1988
Allied occupation, 1945-1952
1945-
Topic:
History  Search this
Social conditions  Search this
Civilization  Search this
American influences  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_936729

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