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Classic Modernism Six Generations (November 15-December 23)

Collection Creator:
Sidney Janis Gallery  Search this
Janis, Sidney, 1896-1989  Search this
Container:
Box 6, Folder 36
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1990
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs, 1951-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-sidnjani-ref218

Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs

Creator:
Sidney Janis Gallery  Search this
Janis, Sidney, 1896-1989  Search this
Extent:
2.8 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
1951-1998
Summary:
The Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs measure 2.8 linear feet and date from 1951 to 1998. Found here is a complete set of catalogs published by the New York gallery.
Scope and Contents:
The Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs measure 2.8 linear feet and date from 1951 to 1998. Found here is a complete set of catalogs published by the New York gallery.

Researchers should note that this collection only includes published catalogs and not related exhibition documentation. The gallery did not publish a catalog for every exhibition, especially during the early years of the gallery's operation.
Arrangement:
This collection has been arranged into one series.

Series 1: Exhibition Catalogs, 1951-1998 (Boxes 1-7; 2.8 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Sidney Janis Gallery (est. 1948-1999) was an art gallery in New York, N.Y., specializing in contemporary avant-garde art. Sidney Janis opened the gallery with his wife Harriet at 15 E. 57th Street in Manhattan. The gallery became a leading exhibitor of Pop art after the groundbreaking exhibition New Realists in 1962. The gallery moved to 110 W. 57th Street in the 1980s, and after Janis's death in 1989 the gallery was directed by his son, Carroll Janis.
Related Materials:
Also found at the Archives of American Art are two oral history interviews with Sidney Janis. One interview conducted March 21-September 26, 1972, by Paul Cummings, and one interview conducted on October 15 and November 18, 1981, by Avis Berman.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 1999 by Carroll Janis, son of Sidney Janis.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Exhibition catalogs
Citation:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs, 1951-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.sidnjani
See more items in:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sidnjani
Additional Online Media:

David Parrish papers

Creator:
Parrish, David, 1939-  Search this
Names:
French & Company (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
George C. Marshall Space Flight Center -- Officials and employees  Search this
Nancy Hoffman Gallery  Search this
University of Alabama -- Students  Search this
Eddy, Don, 1944-  Search this
Hoffman, Nancy  Search this
Janis, Sidney, 1896-1989  Search this
Meisel, Louis K.  Search this
Interviewer:
Williams, Bob  Search this
Extent:
3.1 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Resumes
Essays
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Photographs
Video recordings
Date:
1940-2009
bulk 1964-1998
Summary:
The papers of Alabama photorealist painter David Parrish measure 3.1 linear feet and date from 1940 to 2009, with the bulk of the material from 1964 to 1998. Parrish's career is documented through scattered biographical material; correspondence with galleries, publishers, art organizations, and friends; photographs of Parrish, his studio, and artwork; original artwork by Parrish and others; and printed material.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Alabama photorealist painter David Parrish measure 3.1 linear feet and date from 1940 to 2009, with the bulk of the material from 1964 to 1998. Parrish's career is documented through scattered biographical material; correspondence with galleries, publishers, art organizations, and friends; photographs of Parrish, his studio, and artwork; original artwork by Parrish and others; and printed material.

Biographical material consists of resumes, one folder of financial records, brief artist statements written by David Parrish, and two essays about Parrish's works written by others. Also included is a VHS video recording of an interview with Parrish conducted by Bob Williams in 1997 in conjunction with an exhibition.

Correspondence is primarily of a professional nature and pertains to Parrish's relationships with various galleries, publishers, and arts organizations. Of note is correspondence with galleries that represented Parrish's work including French & Company, Sidney Janis, Nancy Hoffman, and Louis K. Meisel, and correspondence with fellow artist Don Eddy. Also included is a small amount of personal correspondence with friends and family.

Photographs of David Parrish include one baby photo, official portraits, photographs of him in his studio, with family and friends, and at exhibition openings. Also found are photographs and slides of his artwork, including gallery installations and early photographs of the interior of Nancy Hoffman Gallery.

Artwork includes a sketchbook kept by Parrish while a student at the University of Alabama, several ink drawings produced during his employment as a technical illustrator at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, and a few sketches by others. Printed material includes exhibition catalogs, announcements, and posters, newspaper clippings, press packets, and other gallery publications documenting Parrish's career as an artist.

Much of the material in the collection includes recent annotations by Parrish describing his involvement with the projects and exhibitions, and identifying friends and colleagues.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1970-2000 (Box 1; 8 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1964-2008 (Box 1, 5; 0.9 linear feet)

Series 3: Photographs, 1940, 1960s-2009 (Boxes 1-2, 5; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 4: Artwork, circa 1961-2002 (Boxes 2, 5; 5 folders)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1962-2009 (Boxes 2-4; 1.5 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
David Parrish (1939-) is a Photorealist painter living in Huntsville, Alabama.

Parrish was born in Birmingham, Alabama, and received his B.F.A. from the University of Alabama in 1961. He briefly moved to New York with plans to become a magazine illustrator, but was unable to find a permanent job. He moved to Huntsville, Alabama in 1962 and became a technical illustrator for Hayes International Corporation. Parrish continued painting at his home studio, moving away from the painting style he learned in school, and instead working on paintings derived from photographs. He left his job as a technical illustrator in 1971 and became a full-time painter. That same year he joined French & Company in New York as a gallery artist and had his first one-man show at Brooks Memorial Art Gallery in Memphis, Tennessee.

During the 1970s Parrish saw success as a first generation photorealist. He was represented from 1973 to 1976 by Sidney Janis Gallery, and then moved to Nancy Hoffman Gallery. In 1987 he joined Louis K. Meisel Gallery, and is still represented by them today. Parrish's motorcycle paintings became his early trademark, and during the late 1980s into the 1990s he painted complex, intricate porcelain still lifes of Marilyn Monroe, Elvis, and other pop culture icons. Parrish has shown his work in numerous group and solo shows, including many international shows, and is in the permanent collection of many museums.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by David Parrish in 2009.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of video recording requires advance notice.
Rights:
The David Parrish papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Painters -- Alabama  Search this
Photo-realism  Search this
Genre/Form:
Resumes
Essays
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Photographs
Video recordings
Citation:
David Parrish papers, 1940-2009, bulk 1964-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.parrdavi
See more items in:
David Parrish papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-parrdavi

Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers

Creator:
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Names:
Betty Parsons Gallery  Search this
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975  Search this
Brooks, James, 1906-1992  Search this
Burkhardt, Rudy  Search this
Cavaliere, Barbara  Search this
Davis, Bill  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-  Search this
Dehner, Dorothy, 1901-1994  Search this
Eames, Ray  Search this
Forge, Andrew  Search this
Friedman, B. H. (Bernard Harper), 1926-  Search this
Glaser, Jane R.  Search this
Gray, Cleve  Search this
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Gruen, John  Search this
Holmes, Doloris  Search this
Isaacs, Reginald R., 1911-  Search this
Janis, Sidney, 1896-  Search this
Johnson, Philip, 1906-2005  Search this
Kadish, Reuben, 1913-1992  Search this
Krasner, Lee, 1908-1984  Search this
Maddox, Charles  Search this
Matter, Mercedes  Search this
McCoy, Sanford, Mrs.  Search this
Miller, Daniel  Search this
Miller, Robert, 1932 Apr. 17-  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Ossorio, Alfonso, 1916-1990  Search this
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956 -- Photographs  Search this
Rose, Barbara  Search this
Rouche, Burton  Search this
Smith, Tony, 1912-  Search this
Still, Clyfford, 1904-  Search this
Valliere, James  Search this
Wasserman, Tamara E.  Search this
Wright, William  Search this
Zogbaum, Wilfrid, 1915-1965  Search this
Extent:
16.1 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Motion pictures (visual works)
Video recordings
Photographs
Interviews
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Transcripts
Date:
circa 1914-1984
bulk 1942-1984
Summary:
The papers of abstract expressionist painters Jackson Pollock and wife Lee Krasner measure 16.1 linear feet and date from circa 1914 to 1984, with the bulk of the material dating from 1942 to 1984. The collection documents their personal and professional lives, as well as the legacy of Jackson Pollock's work after his death. Found are biographical material, correspondence, writings by Krasner and others, research material, business and financial records, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork by others, photographs, interview transcripts, audio and video recordings, and motion picture film.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of abstract expressionist painters Jackson Pollock and wife Lee Krasner measure 16.1 linear feet and date from circa 1914 to 1984, with the bulk of the material dating from 1942 to 1984. The collection documents their personal and professional lives, as well as the legacy of Jackson Pollock's work after his death. Found are biographical material, correspondence, writings by Krasner and others, research material, business and financial records, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork by others, photographs, interview transcripts, audio and video recordings, and motion picture film.

The collection is divided into two series, the first of which focuses on Pollock and includes his scattered papers dating from circa 1914 to his death in 1956, as well as Krasner's papers dating from his death to 1984 about managing Pollock's legacy. This series includes biographical materials, including transcripts and audio recordings of an interview with William Wright in 1949; Pollock's and Krasner's correspondence with Thomas Hart Benton, Betty Parsons Gallery, Bill Davis, B. H. Friedman, Reginald Isaacs, Sidney Janis, Violet De Lazlo, Martha Jackson Gallery, Alfonso Ossorio, Tony Smith, and Clyfford Still, and with one another; Krasner's correspondence concerning Pollock's estate and artwork after his death; numerous writings about Pollock, including an original draft of Bryan Robertson's biography and an essay by Clement Greenberg.

James Valliere extensive research files on Pollock for a never-published biography were given to Krasner and filed in Series 1. These include scattered correspondence with Lee Krasner, and Pollock's family and friends, including Charles Pollock, Thomas Hart Benton, and Robert Motherwell. There are also transcripts of interviews Valliere conducted with Pollock's friends and colleagues, including James Brooks, Dorothy Dehner, Clement Greenberg, Reuben Kadish, Lee Krasner, Charles Maddox, Mrs. Sanford McCoy, Daniel T. Miller, Robert Miller, and Tony Smith. The original audio reels and duplicates exist for many and are filed here. Additional interviews were conducted with Willem de Kooning, Alfonso Ossorio, and Burton Rouche, but not transcribed - these are filed in Series 1.10, Audio Recordings and Motion Picture Film.

Also found in Series 1 are scattered business records documenting Krasner's handling of Pollock's estate and legacy; printed materials relating to Pollock, including published biographies, exhibition catalogs, and clippings; two scrapbooks; and a sketchbook by an unidentified artist. Numerous photographs of Pollock include childhood and family photographs, photographs of Pollock in his studio by Hans Namuth, Rudy Burckhardt, and Herbert Matter, photographs of Pollock with Lee Krasner, and exhibition photographs. Audio recordings and motion film in Series 1 include a 1964 16mm film about Pollock (VHS copies are available) and reel-to-reel recordings of untranscribed interviews of Pollock's friends and colleagues by James Valliere, including interviews with Willem de Kooning and Alfonso Ossorio. Additional transcribed interviews are filed in subseries 1.4.

Lee Krasner's papers documenting her own career are arranged in Series 2 and date from 1927-1984. Biographical materials include resumes and awards, school documents, family documentation, and exhibition lists. Her correspondence with artist friends and art colleagues is extensive and includes many letters from artists such as Philip Johnson, Ray Eames, Cleve Gray, and Hans Namuth. She also maintained correspondence with many art historians and critics, curators, gallery owners, collectors, arts-related and social organizations, admirers, and family members.

There are thirteen transcripts of interviews with Krasner by Bruce Glaser, Barbara Cavaliere, Andrew Forge, Emily Wasserman, Barbara Rose, and others. The original audio recordings for these transcripts are filed in series 2.10, along with other audio recordings for which there are no transcripts, including interviews by John Gruen, Delores Holmes, Mercedes Matter, the Martha Dean Radio Show, NBC Today Show, and WQXR radio. There are also audio recordings of Krasner's lectures in series 2.10.

Krasner's papers also include writings and reminiscences by Krasner; writings about Krasner; printed materials such as exhibition catalogs and clippings; and one scrapbook containing clippings and photographs. Numerous photographs are of Krasner, including portrait photographs taken by Hans Namuth; of Krasner with Jackson Pollock and family and friends, and of her exhibitions and artwork.

Users should note that Pollock's and Krasner's papers contain similar types of material that often overlap in subject matter, especially among the correspondence and photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 2 series:

Series 1: Jackson Pollock papers and Lee Krasner papers about Jackson Pollock, circa 1914-1984 (Box 1-7, 16, OV 18, FC 19-22; 7.4 linear feet)

Series 2: Lee Krasner papers, circa 1927-1984 (Box 7-15, 17; 8.6 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Jackson Pollock was born in 1912, in Cody, Wyoming, the youngest of five sons. His family moved several times during his childhood, finally settling in Los Angeles. In 1930 he joined his older brother, Charles, in New York City, and studied with Regionalist painter Thomas Hart Benton at the Art Students League of New York. Pollock worked during the 1930s for the Works Progress Administration's Federal Art Project. During 1936 he worked in artist David Alfaro Siqueiros's Experimental Workshop. In 1938 he began psychiatric treatment for alcoholism, and his artwork was greatly influenced by Jungian analysis and the exploration of unconscious symbolism.

In 1943 Pollock had his first one-man exhibition at Peggy Guggenheim's New York gallery, Art of this Century, and continued to exhibit there over the next several years. A major turning point in Pollock's life and art was in 1945 when he married fellow artist Lee Krasner and moved to East Hampton, Long Island. There he developed his mature painting style, and became famous for his abstract pouring technique on large canvases. The height of his creativity spanned from 1947 to 1952, and his work was promoted by art critic Clement Greenberg. Along with other abstract expressionists including Hans Hofmann, Alfonso Ossorio, and Barnett Newman, he joined the Betty Parsons Gallery in 1947. He had his most successful one-man show in 1950 which was widely publicized and praised. This exhibition, combined with a 1949 feature article in LIFE magazine, made Pollock an American celebrity.

In 1952 Pollock moved his work to Sidney Janis Gallery and returned to earlier motifs in a search for new breakthroughs. The last few years of his life he suffered from mental and physical health problems, and in August, 1956 he died in a car accident. His wife, Lee Krasner, oversaw his estate and worked with many museums, including the Museum of Modern Art, on Pollock retrospective exhibitions.

Lee Krasner was born Lenore Krassner in 1908 in Brooklyn, New York to Russian immigrant parents. In 1926 she was admitted to the Women's Art School of The Cooper Union, and in 1928 she attended the Art Students League. After graduating from The Cooper Union in 1929, she attended the National Academy of Design until 1932. After briefly attending City College and Greenwich House, she worked for the Public Works of Art Project and the Temporary Emergency Relief Administration, and finally became an assistant in 1935 on the WPA Federal Art Project, Mural Division. From 1937 to 1940 she studied at the Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts and began exhibiting with the American Abstract Artists group.

In 1942 Krasner met Pollock as they were both preparing to exhibit work in the same show. Although they married and she became immersed in his career, she continued to exhibit her own work with other abstract artists and from 1946 to 1949 worked on the Little Image painting series. In 1953 she began working on collages, a medium she would come back to again later in her career. After Pollock's death her work was greatly influence by her sadness and anger, creating a visible evolution of her style.

For the rest of her career, Krasner consistently exhibited her work in both group and solo exhibitions. She had her first retrospective at Whitechapel Gallery, London, in 1965, and in 1966, she joined Marlborough Gallery, New York which represented Pollock's work as well. In the 1970s and early 1980s Krasner won many awards for her achievement in the visual arts, including the Augustus St. Gaudens Medal and the Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. She returned to the medium of collage, and in 1976 joined the Pace Gallery, New York. In 1981 she joined the Robert Miller Gallery, New York. Lee Krasner continued creating art until her death in 1984.
Related Material:
Found in the Archives of American Art are the Charles Pollock Papers, 1902-1990, which includes correspondence, photographs, and other files relating to his brother, Jackson Pollock. Other resources in the Archives are oral history interviews with Lee Krasner, including a series of interviews conducted by Dorothy Seckler between 1964 and 1968, and interviews conducted by Barbara Rose in 1966 and Doloris Holmes in 1972.
Provenance:
The papers of Jackson Pollock were donated in 1983 by Lee Krasner through Eugene V. Thaw shortly before her death. Additional material about Pollock and the papers of Lee Krasner were donated in 1985 by Eugene V. Thaw, executor of Lee Krasner's estate.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Video recordings
Photographs
Interviews
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Transcripts
Citation:
Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers, circa 1914-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.polljack
See more items in:
Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-polljack
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Sidney Janis, 1972 Mar. 21-Sept. 26

Interviewee:
Janis, Sidney, 1896-1989  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-  Search this
Subject:
Sidney Janis Gallery  Search this
Topic:
Sound recordings  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13049
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212744
AAA_collcode_janis72
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212744

Oral history interview with Sidney Janis, 1981 Oct. 15-Nov. 18

Interviewee:
Janis, Sidney, 1896-1989  Search this
Interviewer:
Berman, Avis, 1949-  Search this
Subject:
Rothko, Mark  Search this
Mark Rothko and His Times Oral History Project  Search this
Topic:
Interviews  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13301
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215632
AAA_collcode_janis81
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215632

The Sidney and Harriet Janis Collection; a gift to the Museum of Modern Art

Author:
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Janis, Sidney 1896- Art collections  Search this
Janis, Harriet Grossman Art collections  Search this
Physical description:
21 p. illus. (part col.) 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1968
1968]
Call number:
N5220.J33 N5
N5220.J33N5
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_21755

Picasso, the recent years, 1939-1946 [by] Harriet and Sidney Janis

Author:
Janis, Harriet Grossman  Search this
Janis, Sidney 1896-1989  Search this
Subject:
Picasso, Pablo 1881-1973  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 211 p. illus. (part col.) 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1946
Call number:
N40.1.P58 J33 1946
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_474223

Abstract & surrealist art in America

Author:
Janis, Sidney 1896-1989  Search this
Physical description:
146 p. illus. 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1969
[1969, c1944]
20th century
Topic:
Art, Abstract  Search this
Surrealism  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Call number:
N6512.5.A2 J36 1969
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_649717

Exhibition records of the Contemporary Study Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art

Creator:
Finch College. Museum of Art  Search this
Varian, Elayne H.  Search this
Names:
Acconci, Vito, 1940-  Search this
Anderson, David K., 1935-  Search this
Benglis, Lynda, 1941-  Search this
Benyon, Margaret, 1940-  Search this
Bochner, Mel, 1940-  Search this
Brooks, James, 1906-1992  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Chase, Doris, 1923-  Search this
Cross, Lloyd G.  Search this
Davis, Douglas  Search this
Dwan, Virginia  Search this
Feigen, Richard L., 1930-  Search this
Glimcher, Arnold B.  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph, 1903-1974  Search this
Graham, Dan, 1942-  Search this
Hollander, Irwin  Search this
Insley, Will, 1929-2011  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Janis, Sidney, 1896-1989  Search this
Kirby, Michael  Search this
Levine, Les, 1935-  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy, 1923-1997  Search this
Mazur, Michael, 1935-2009  Search this
Meyer, Ursula, 1915-  Search this
Nauman, Bruce, 1941-  Search this
O'Doherty, Brian  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Richter, Hans, 1888-1976  Search this
Siegelaub, Seth, 1941-  Search this
Smith, Tony, 1912-1980  Search this
Sonfist, Alan  Search this
Weiner, Sam  Search this
Wise, Howard  Search this
Extent:
20.9 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Transcripts
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Museum records
Date:
1943-1975
bulk 1964-1975
Summary:
The exhibition records of the Contemporary Study Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art measure 20.9 linear feet and date from 1943 to 1975, with the bulk of records dating from the period its galleries were in operation, from 1964 to 1975. Over two-thirds of the collection consists of exhibition files, which contain a wide range of documentation including artist files, checklists, correspondence, writings, photographs, interviews, numerous films and videos, artist statements, printed materials, and other records. Also found within the collection are administrative records of the museum, artist files, and papers of the Contemporary Wing's director and curator, Elayne Varian, which were produced outside of her work at Finch College.
Scope and Contents:
The exhibition records of the Contemporary Study Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art measure 20.9 linear feet and date from 1943 to 1975, with the bulk of records dating from the period its galleries were in operation, from 1964 to 1975. Over two-thirds of the collection consists of exhibition files, which contain a wide range of documentation including artist files, checklists, correspondence, writings, photographs, interviews, numerous films and videos, artist statements, printed materials, and other records. Also found within the collection are administrative records of the museum, artist files, and papers of the Contemporary Wing's director and curator, Elayne Varian, which were produced outside of her work at Finch College.

Administrative records include records relating to the general operation of the Contemporary Wing concerning fundraising, professional associations, budget, contact information for artists, donors, and lenders to exhibitions. Also found are records of the permanent collection of artworks acquired by the museum between 1964 and 1975 from contemporary artists and collectors of contemporary art.

Artist files contain basic biographical information on over 150 contemporary artists, with scattered correspondence, photographs, technical information about artworks, artist statements, and other writings. Artist files also include an incomplete run of artist questionnaires gathered by the New York Arts Calendar Annual for 1964.

Elayne Varian's personal papers include curatorial records, a course schedule and syllabus related to her teaching activities, and various writings. Curatorial projects documented in Varian's papers include three programs produced outside of Finch College, including a juried show at the New York State Fair in 1967, a film series at Everson Museum of Syracuse University, and an exhibition at Guild Hall in East Hampton in 1973. Several of Varian's writing projects involved interviews, which are also found in this series in the form of sound recordings and transcripts. Interview-based writing projects include individual profiles on Brian O'Doherty and Babette Newberger, and interviews conducted for an article on the artist-dealer relationship published in Art in America (January 1970). Dealers interviewed for the latter project include Leo Castelli, Virginia Dwan, John Gibson, Richard Feigen, Arnold Glimcher, Fred Mueller, Martha Jackson, Sidney Janis, Betty Parsons, Seth Siegelaub, and Howard Wise. Artists interviewed include Roy Lichtenstein, Adolph Gottlieb, and Charles Ross.

Exhibition files, comprising the bulk of the collection, document exhibitions held in the Contemporary Wing during its existence from 1964 to 1975. Types of records found in the series include exhibition catalogs, correspondence, loan agreements, lists, contact information, insurance valuations of artworks, photographs, biographical information on artists, clippings, posters, press releases, and other publicity materials. In addition to the rich textual and photographic records found for exhibitions, numerous audiovisual recordings are also found, some of which were made in preparation for an exhibition, some document mounted exhibitions, and others are artworks themselves or components of artworks exhibited in the galleries. Interviews with artists, dealers, and others involved in exhibitions include Alan Sonfist, Mel Bochner, Hans Richter, Ruth Richards, James Brooks and Janet Katz, Margaret Benyon, Irwin Hollander (transcript only), David Anderson, Doris Chase, Will Insley, Michael Kirby, Les Levine, Ursula Meyer, Brian O'Doherty, Charles Ross, Tony Smith, Douglas Davis, Jane Davis, Russ Connor, Les Levine, Michael Mazur, Paul Gedeohn, and physicists Lloyd G. Cross, Allyn Z. Lite, and Gerald Thomas Bern Pethick. Video artworks, recordings of performances, or components of multimedia artworks are found by artists Vito Acconci, Kathy Dillon, Douglas Davis, Dan Graham, Les Levine, Bruce Nauman, Michael Netter, Eric Siegel, and Robert Whitman. A film of the Art in Process: The Visual Development of a Structure (1966) exhibition is found, and video recordings of artists Lynda Benglis, Michael Singer, and Sam Wiener form as part of the documentation for the Projected Art: Artists at Work (1971) exhibition.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 4 series.

Series 1: Administrative Records, 1950-1975 (2 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, 22, OV 23)

Series 2: Artist Files, 1958-1975 (2.4 linear feet; Boxes 3-4, 22, OV 23, FC 27-28)

Series 3: Elayne Varian Personal Papers, 1965-1970 (1.3 linear feet; Boxes 5-6)

Series 4: Exhibition Files, 1943-1975 (14.9 linear feet; Boxes 6-22, OV 24-25, FC 26)
Biographical / Historical:
The Contemporary Study Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art, later called simply the "Contemporary Wing," was established in 1964 by the president of Finch College, Roland De Marco, as an extension the Finch College Museum of Art in New York City.

Its mission was to educate art history students at the Manhattan women's college who were interested in working with contemporary art. DeMarco, himself an art collector, hired Elayne Varian as director and curator of the contemporary wing. DeMarco met Varian in the New York office of the prominent international art dealership Duveen Brothers, where she had worked since the mid-1940s, most recently as an art dealer. Varian received her art education in Chicago, where she studied art history and education at the University of Chicago, and took classes in film at the Bauhaus and in fine art the Art Institute of Chicago. Sensitive to emerging art movements in galleries and studios around the city of New York, as the contemporary wing's curator, Varian quickly established a reputation for thoughtfully conceived, cutting-edge exhibitions which were consistently well-received by the press.

Under Varian, the Contemporary Wing carried out a dual mission of showing work of living artists and educating students and the public about the artwork and museum work in general. Varian used the galleries to provide practical training to students interested in a gallery or museum career throughout its existence. For several years, she also maintained an assistantship position for post-graduate museum professionals to gain experience in the field, many of whom went on to careers in museums across New York State.

The Contemporary Wing's best-known exhibitions formed a series of six shows called Art in Process, held between 1965 and 1972. Each of the Art in Process shows took a different medium, including painting, sculpture, collage, conceptual art, installation art, and serial art, and brought the process of art-making into the gallery with the artworks in various ways. For example, for Art in Process V (1972), the show about installation art, the galleries were open to the public for the entire process of its installation, allowing visitors to watch the works take shape. Another show entitled Documentation (1968) exhibited artworks with documentation such as artist's notes, sales records, and conservation records, bringing to light the value of record-keeping in the visual arts. Two exhibitions entitled Projected Art were also innovative, with the first (1966-1967) bringing experimental films from the cinema to the galleries, and the second (1971) showing artists' processes via footage and slides of artists working. Another show, Artists' Videotape Performances (1971), involved both screening of and creation of works in the gallery using a range of experiments with recent video technology. The museum also participated in an experimental broadcast of an artwork entitled Talk Out! by Douglas Davis, in which a telephone in the gallery allowed visitors to participate in its creation while it was broadcast live from Syracuse, NY. Other exhibitions that showcased experimentation in art included N-Dimensional Space (1970), on holography in art, Destruction Art(1968), on destructive actions being incorporated into contemporary art-making, and Schemata 7 (1967), a show about the use of environments in contemporary art, whose working title was "Walk-in Sculpture."

Other popular exhibitions at the Contemporary Wing included shows on Art Deco (1970) and Art Nouveau (1969). Several shows mined the private collections of prominent contemporary art collectors including Martha Jackson, Betty Parsons, George Rickey, Paul Magriel, Jacques Kaplan, Josephine and Philip Bruno, and Carlo F. Bilotti. A number of exhibitions featured contemporary art from overseas including Art from Belgium (1965), Art from Finland (1973), Seven Swedish Painters (1965), and Art in Jewelry (1966), which featured mainly international jewelry artists. Retrospective exhibitions of Hans Richter, Hugo Weber, and James Brooks were also held.

Hundreds of contemporary artists were shown at the Contemporary Wing in the eleven years of its existence, including many who came to be leading figures in contemporary art, and some who already were, including Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Mel Bochner, Eva Hesse, Lynda Benglis, Bruce Nauman, Robert Morris, Lawrence Weiner, Robert Smithson, Sol Le Witt, Dan Flavin, Philip Pearlstein, and Yayoi Kusama, to name just a few.

The Contemporary Wing and the entire Finch College Museum of Art shut its doors in 1975, when Finch College closed due to lack of funds. The permanent collection was sold at that time, and the proceeds were used to pay Finch College employee salaries. Elayne Varian went on to the position of curator of contemporary art at the John and Mabel Ringling Museum in Sarasota, Florida. She died in 1987.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with curator Elayne Varian conducted by Paul Cummings, May 2, 1975.
Provenance:
The Archives of American Art acquired these records from the Finch College Museum of Art after it closed permanently in June 1975.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Exhibition records of the Contemporary Study Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Museum administrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Museum curators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Video artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Gallery directors  Search this
Gallery owners  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Museum records
Citation:
Exhibition records of the Contemporary Study Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art, 1943-1975. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.finccoll
See more items in:
Exhibition records of the Contemporary Study Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-finccoll
Additional Online Media:

Mondrian in the Sidney Janis Family Collections, New York / edited by Herbert Henkels

Author:
Mondrian, Piet 1872-1944  Search this
Henkels, H  Search this
Haags Gemeentemuseum  Search this
Subject:
Mondrian, Piet 1872-1944  Search this
Janis, Sidney 1896- Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Janis, Harriet Grossman Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
70 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 33 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1988
Topic:
Art--Private collections  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.M74 H46 1988
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_561999

Seven decades of twentieth-century art : from the Sidney and Harriet Janis Collection of the Museum of Modern Art and the Sidney Janis Gallery collection / introd. by William Rubin ; catalogue [of] the works from the Sidney Janis Collection by Marian Burleigh-Motley

Author:
Burleigh-Motley, Marian  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Sidney Janis Gallery  Search this
La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art  Search this
Santa Barbara Museum of Art  Search this
Subject:
Janis, Sidney 1896- Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Janis, Harriet Grossman Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
111 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1980
20th century
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Art--Private collections  Search this
Call number:
N6487.L34 L37X
N6487.L34L37X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_134493

Three generations of twentieth-century art; the Sidney and Harriet Janis Collection of the Museum of Modern Art. With a foreword by Alfred H. Barr, Jr. Introd. by William Rubin

Author:
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Janis, Sidney 1896- Art collections  Search this
Janis, Harriet Grossman Art collections  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 231 p. illus. (part col.) 29 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Catalogs
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1972
[1972]
20th century
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Art  Search this
Call number:
N6487.N4 M87X
N6487.N4M87X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_31041

Exhibition Catalogs

Collection Creator:
Sidney Janis Gallery  Search this
Janis, Sidney, 1896-1989  Search this
Extent:
2.8 Linear feet (Boxes 1-7)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1951-1998
Scope and Contents:
Found here are a complete set of exhibition catalogs published by the Sidney Janis Gallery.
Arrangement:
Catalogs are arranged chronologically.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs, 1951-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.sidnjani, Series 1
See more items in:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-sidnjani-ref1

Mondrian (September 30-November 2)

Collection Creator:
Sidney Janis Gallery  Search this
Janis, Sidney, 1896-1989  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1957
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs, 1951-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-sidnjani-ref8

Marisol (March 5-29)

Collection Creator:
Sidney Janis Gallery  Search this
Janis, Sidney, 1896-1989  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1975
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs, 1951-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-sidnjani-ref107

Less is More (April 7-May 7)

Collection Creator:
Sidney Janis Gallery  Search this
Janis, Sidney, 1896-1989  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1977
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs, 1951-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-sidnjani-ref117

Gorky (December 2-28)

Collection Creator:
Sidney Janis Gallery  Search this
Janis, Sidney, 1896-1989  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1957
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs, 1951-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-sidnjani-ref12

X Years of Janis (September 29-November 1)

Collection Creator:
Sidney Janis Gallery  Search this
Janis, Sidney, 1896-1989  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1958
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs, 1951-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-sidnjani-ref14

Graffiti (December 1-31)

Collection Creator:
Sidney Janis Gallery  Search this
Janis, Sidney, 1896-1989  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 33
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1983
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs, 1951-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Sidney Janis Gallery exhibition catalogs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-sidnjani-ref147

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