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James Lithgow Ewin Patents

Creator:
Ewin, James Lithgow (inventor)  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (1 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Articles
Correspondence
Newsletters
Notes
Patents
Press releases
Date:
1873, 1874, 1879.
Scope and Contents note:
This collection includes an English patent paper #2126 for improved vulcanizable water-proof gum, 1873, to Benjamin Joseph Barnard Mills; a U.S. patent paper #151,109 for improvement in the art of manufacturing horseshoes, 1874; and an English patent paper #1194 for improvement in street-lighting apparatus.
Provenance:
Collection donated by James Lithgow Ewin, March 13, 1894.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Vulcanization  Search this
Street-lighting apparatus  Search this
Rhythm and blues music  Search this
African American music -- 20th century  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Blues musicians  Search this
Horseshoeing  Search this
Inventions -- 1870-1880  Search this
Inventors -- 1870-1880  Search this
Popular music -- Publishing and writing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles -- 1950-2000
Correspondence -- 1970-2000
Newsletters -- 20th century
Notes
Patents -- 1870-1880
Press releases
Citation:
James Lithgow Ewin Patents, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0051
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0051

Alexander Melville Clark Patent

Creator:
Dodge, W.C.  Search this
Clark, Alexander Melville  Search this
Source:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Former owner:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1877
Summary:
A British patent issued to Alexander Melville Clark for an improved process for preventing the accumulation of carbon in retorts used for the distillation of carbureted hydrogen. There is a wax seal attached to the end of the patent.
Scope and Contents:
The collection is the British patent issued to Alexander Melville Clark by the English government in 1877 for inventing an improved process for preventing the accumulation of carbon in retorts used for the distillation of carbureted hydrogen.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
Alexander Melville Clark was an inventor, patent agent, and author. Throughout the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries he applied for patents for improvements for thimbles, umbrellas and sunshades, typewriting machines, candle cases, machines for trimming and finishing boots and shoes, knitting machines, hot wire voltmeters, combination locks, and door fasteners. In 1884, Clark wrote Analytical Summaries of the Patents, Designs, and Trade Marks' Act, 1883, and of the Patent Laws of All Foreign Countries and British Colonies.
Provenance:
Donated by W.C. Dodge in 1891 to the United States National Museum.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Patents  Search this
Inventions -- 1870-1880  Search this
Inventors -- 1870-1880  Search this
Chemistry  Search this
Hydrogen  Search this
Distillation -- Hydrogen  Search this
Citation:
Alexander Melville Clark Patent, 1877, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1017
See more items in:
Alexander Melville Clark Patent
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1017

Charles Richardson Pratt Papers

Collector:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Creator:
Pratt, Charles Richardson, 1860-1935  Search this
Names:
Sprague, Frank J.  Search this
Extent:
6 Cubic feet (13 boxes, 8 oversize folders)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Diaries
Drawings
Trade catalogs
Photographs
Notebooks
Letterpress books
Patents
Place:
Montclair (N.J.)
Date:
1860-1935
bulk 1910-1924
Summary:
The papers document the professional career of mechanical engineer, Charles Richardson Pratt. The papers include correspondence, patents, patent application materials, agreements, photographs, publications, and blueprints for many of Pratt's inventions, especially his work on elevators.
Scope and Contents:
These papers contain personal materials of Charles R. Pratt; letterpress copybooks; engineering notebooks; diaries; material relating to the development of the heavy-duty, high-rise electric elevator; material concerning elevator cable equalizers and safety devices, Morton-Jacobsen and other lathe chucks, lathe drives and the Pratt Driver, the hydraulic transmission of power in trucks, and ship steering gear; and studies reports, drawings, photographs, catalogs, and trade literature concerning mechanical engineering.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into eight series.

Series 1: Personal Materials, 1875-1935

Series 2: Diaries, 1894, 1928-1931

Series 3: Correspondence, 1872-1920

Series 4: Notebooks, 1880, 1889, 1900

Series 5: Inventions, 1860-1927

Series 6: Photographs, 1890-1902

Series 7: Publications, 1895-1929

Series 8: Drawings, 1878-1929
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Richardson Pratt (1860-1935), was born in Massachusetts to John C. and Mary Anne Richardson. He graduated from the Hopkins School of Boston and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1879. Pratt worked at Whittier Machine Company of Boston (1882-1890) where he designed and built the first electric elevator in 1888. The elevator was installed in the Tremont House, Boston. Pratt also worked as an agent and later as a consulting engineer for the Otis Elevator Company, the inventors of the hydraulic elevator.

Pratt was best known for his development of the first electrically powered elevator. In 1892, inventor Frank Sprague (1857-1934) founded the Sprague Electric Elevator Company, and with Charles R. Pratt developed the Sprague-Pratt Electric Elevator. They demonstrated that electrically powered elevators were capable of competing with hydraulic elevators. Pratt held several engineering positions and worked for the Marine Engine Company of Newark, New Jersey (1902-1905) developing elevator systems; consulting engineer to the Universal Speed Control Company of New York City (1906-1919); consultant to the American Engineering Company of Philadelphia (1912); mechanical superintendent at the Crocker Wheel Company of Ampere, New Jersey (1919); engineer for the E. Horton and Sons Company of Connecticut (1920-1923); the General Tractors Corporation (1924-1927); and was associated with the Watson Elevator Company of New York City (1928-1930). Pratt patented many of his ideas, earning over thirty-five patents related mostly to elevators,

Pratt was a member of the Masons, the Sons of the American Revolution, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the MIT Club of New Jersey, and the Motor Club of London. He married Mary Byron Ladd and they had two children, Gertrude Ladd Pratt and Donald Richardson Pratt.
Provenance:
This collection was purchased from Charles R. Pratt's daughter, Gertrude Pratt Vance, in 1973.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Mechanical engineering and engineers  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Elevators  Search this
Machine-tools  Search this
Patents -- 1890-1900  Search this
Power transmission  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Drawings
Trade catalogs
Photographs -- 19th century
Notebooks
Letterpress books
Patents -- 1870-1880
Citation:
Charles Richardson Pratt Papers, 1860-1935, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0958
See more items in:
Charles Richardson Pratt Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0958
Additional Online Media:

[Trade card featuring the New Dauntless sewing machine, best threading machine ever invented] / New Dauntless

Author:
Dauntless Manufacturing Company  Search this
Physical description:
2 p. : col. ill.. ; 8 x 10 cm
Type:
Books
Trade cards
Date:
1870
1889
[between 187| and 188|]
Topic:
Advertising cards  Search this
Sewing machines  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_661368

[Trade catalogs from Rudolph M. Hunter]

Company Name:
Rudolph M. Hunter  Search this
Related companies:
Hunter Electrical Co.  Search this
Notes content:
"Prospectus for the organization of a strong and comprehensive electrical company..." for proposed Hunter Electrical Co. with list of inventions to be patented.
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Date:
1800s
Topic (Romaine term):
Electrical apparatus and equipment  Search this
Topic:
Electric apparatus and appliances  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_20393
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_20393

[Trade catalogs from Willcox & Gibbs Sewing Machine Co.]

Company Name:
Willcox & Gibbs Sewing Machine Co.  Search this
Related companies:
Willcox & Gibbs  Search this
Notes content:
"Silent Sewing Machine With A Brief Outline of Its History and That of Preceding Inventions..." This comprises the uncataloged portion of this company .
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
New York, New York, United States
Date:
1800s
Topic (Romaine term):
Sewing machines and equipment  Search this
Appliances (household)  Search this
Topic:
Household appliances  Search this
Sewing machines  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_28484
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_28484

[Trade catalogs from Burke, Fraser & Connett]

Company Name:
Burke, Fraser & Connett  Search this
Notes content:
Provide clients with information and advice about patents on inventions, 1882.
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
New York, New York, United States
Date:
1800s
Topic (Romaine term):
Business services (advertising; marketing; organizational management; etc.)  Search this
Topic:
Advertising  Search this
Business  Search this
Commerce  Search this
Marketing  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_9328
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_9328

[Trade catalogs from Clegg's Patent Dry Gas-Meters]

Company Name:
Clegg's Patent Dry Gas-Meters  Search this
Related companies:
Samuel Clegg ;  Search this
Notes content:
Dry gas-meters ; Positive displacement flowmeters are members of the class of traditional technology flowmeters. Their history goes back to 1815, when Samuel Clegg invented the first PD gas flowmeter. This was a water sealed rotating drum meter. Clegg’s son-in-law, John Malam, together with Samuel Crosley, invented an improved model in 1825. Problems remained with high cost, freezing, and large size. Thomas Glover invented the first “dry” gas diaphragm meter in 1843. Glover’s meter contained two diaphragms and a sliding valve. In 1844, the first actual “dry” gas meter was developed by engineers Croll & Richards. The diaphragm meters used today are similar to these early meters, although major improvements have been made in material of construction.
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
London, United Kingdom
Date:
1800s
Topic (Romaine term):
Fuel (includes oil; petroleum; gas; coal; etc.)  Search this
Lighting (electric; gas; candle; oil; etc.)  Search this
Measuring; calculating and testing devices  Search this
Topic:
Calculators  Search this
Candles  Search this
Coal  Search this
Fuel  Search this
Lamps  Search this
Lighting  Search this
Measuring instruments  Search this
Petroleum  Search this
Weighing instruments  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_11607
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_11607

[Trade catalogs from A. Collmann]

Company Name:
A. Collmann  Search this
Notes content:
Distribution systems ; Collmann, Alfred, b. Vienna, April 17, 1851, d. Vienna, April 7, 1937, mechanical engineer, industrialist; 1878 invented the "old" and 1891 the "new" positively actuated controlling device for piston steam-engines ("Collmannsteuerung").
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
French
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Vienna, Austria
Date:
1800s
Topic (Romaine term):
Engines and motors: steam; oil; gas; etc.  Search this
Industrial equipment or mechanical machinery (including supplies and components)  Search this
Topic:
Engines  Search this
Industrial equipment  Search this
Machinery  Search this
Motors  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_12148
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_12148

[Trade catalogs from H. N. Green]

Company Name:
H. N. Green  Search this
Notes content:
Circular announcing the "World Sulky Horse Hay and Grain Rake" invented by H. N. Green. Attributes of rake described. Call for manufacturers, capitalists and agents to invest produce and sell product. Empire Horse Hay and Grain Rake.
Includes:
Trade catalog
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Auburn, New York, United States
Date:
1800s
Topic (Romaine term):
Agricultural tools and machinery  Search this
Farm equipment and supplies (including dairy and poultry equipment)  Search this
Topic:
Agricultural implements  Search this
Agricultural machinery  Search this
Dairying  Search this
Farm equipment  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_18910
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_18910

[Trade catalogs from Pattinson Apparat (Pattinson Apparatus)]

Company Name:
Pattinson Apparat (Pattinson Apparatus)  Search this
Related companies:
Hugh Lee Pattinson ; Pattinson De-silvering Process (in 1829 he developed a process for extracting the silver from lead allowed the working of lead mines that had been deemed too uneconomic to run. He also invented a simple method for obtaining white lead, and a process for manufacturing Magnesia Alba. (Patented 1841) (refer to http://www.ncl.ac.uk/library/specialcollections/daguerreotypes_pattinson.php and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Refining_(metallurgy).)  Search this
Notes content:
A pair of blueprints (viewed from the top aka "in plan" and from the side aka "in section" for a cauldron-type apparatus used in the Pattinson Process for refining silver when it is mixed with lead ore deposits.
Includes:
Manual
Black and white images
Physical description:
2 pieces; 1 box
Language:
German
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Germany
Date:
1800s
Topic (Romaine term):
Refinery equipment  Search this
Brass; bronze and specialty metals  Search this
Mining machinery; equipment and supplies  Search this
Foundries; supplies and equipment  Search this
Materials handling equipment (includes barrels; bottling and filling; casters; chains; etc.)  Search this
Topic:
Barrels  Search this
Bottling  Search this
Brass  Search this
Bronze  Search this
Foundries  Search this
Industrial equipment  Search this
Metals  Search this
Mining machinery industry  Search this
Oil field equipment and supplies industry  Search this
Petroleum industry and trade  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_29266
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_29266

[Trade catalogs from Pattinson Apparat (Pattinson Apparatus)]

Variant company name:
In 1829 Hugh Pattinson developed a process for extracting the silver from lead allowed the working of lead mines that had been deemed too uneconomic to run. He also invented a simple method for obtaining white lead, and a process for manufacturing Magnesia Alba. (Patented 1841) (refer to http://www.ncl.ac.uk/library/specialcollections/daguerreotypes_pattinson.php and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Refining_(metallurgy).)  Search this
Company Name:
Pattinson Apparat (Pattinson Apparatus)  Search this
Related companies:
Hugh Lee Pattinson ; Pattinson De-silvering Process  Search this
Notes content:
A pair of blueprints (viewed from the top aka "in plan" and from the side aka "in section") for a cauldron-type apparatus used in the Pattinson Process for refining silver when it is mixed with lead ore deposits.
Includes:
Manual
Black and white images
Physical description:
2 pieces; 1 box
Language:
German
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Germany
Date:
1800s
Topic (Romaine term):
Materials handling equipment (includes barrels; bottling and filling; casters; chains; etc.)  Search this
Foundries; supplies and equipment  Search this
Refinery equipment  Search this
Brass; bronze and specialty metals  Search this
Mining machinery; equipment and supplies  Search this
Topic:
Barrels  Search this
Bottling  Search this
Brass  Search this
Bronze  Search this
Foundries  Search this
Industrial equipment  Search this
Metals  Search this
Mining machinery industry  Search this
Oil field equipment and supplies industry  Search this
Petroleum industry and trade  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_29267
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_29267

[Trade catalogs from Philadelphia Fire Extinguisher Co.]

Company Name:
Philadelphia Fire Extinguisher Co.  Search this
Related companies:
Phillippe F. Carlier ; François Phillipe Carlier ; Alphonse A.C. Vignon ; Northwestern Fire Extinguisher Co. ;  Search this
Notes content:
An 1873 document entitled "United States Circuit Court Eastern District of Pennsylvania before Hon. Wm. McKennan, Circuit Judge, Dawson Miles, administrator of Phillippe F. Carlier, deceased, et al, vs. The Philadelphia Fire Extinguisher Company ; Brief for Defendant. Keller & Blake, Counsel for Complainants, C.B. & D.L. Collier, Counsel for Defendant." It is a patent infringement case brought by the business partners (Alphonse A.C. Vignon, and the Northwestern Fire Extinguisher Co.)and estate of a Parisian doctor who invented (and patented first in Paris, and then in Washington on 16th September 1865) the first fire chemical extinguisher (it used sodium bicarbonate aka carbolic acid). Carlier's first and middle names were transposed and Phillipe misspelled in U.S. patent documents, encouraging U.S. companies to claim that his patent was not valid because the name was incorrect. In the case Northwestern Fire Extinguisher Co. v. Philadelphia Fire Extinguisher. Co., the U.S Supreme court ultimately disagreed (see the 1888 edition of "Federal Decisions: Cases Argued and Determined in the Supreme, Circuit and ..." by William G. Myer, United States Supreme Court ; see also: Northwestern Fire Extinguisher Co. v. Philadelphia Fire Extinguisher. Co., 18 F. Cas. 394, 397-400 (C.C.E.D. Pa. 1874) (No. 10337). ; http://books.google.com/books?id=vG4Zrygt1EoC&pg=PA5&lpg=PA5&dq=%22francois+carlier%22+extinguisher&source=web&ots=CzzUDqA_EO&sig=bOlnLZ1GaYlS3XVLuyI71MyEn1Q ;
Includes:
Histories
Color images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Date:
1800s
Topic (Romaine term):
Firefighting and fire engines  Search this
Chemicals and chemical products  Search this
Topic:
Chemicals  Search this
Fire fighting equipment industry  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_31904
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_31904

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