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George W. Ludington Collection

Creator:
Turrell, Orlando B.  Search this
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969  Search this
Caldwell, Edwin  Search this
Camby, Henry B.  Search this
Ludington, George W., (bank cashier)  Search this
Ludington, Harrison  Search this
Ludington, B. L.  Search this
Ludington, Charles H.  Search this
Ludington, Sam  Search this
Ludington, Sims  Search this
Ludington, James  Search this
Ludington, Nelson  Search this
Names:
Bank of Kent  Search this
Caldwell and Company  Search this
H. Ludington & Company  Search this
Lathrop, Ludington & Company  Search this
Savings Bank of Caldwell, Whitney, and Company  Search this
U.S. Appraisers Office  Search this
Extent:
0.66 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Date:
1817-1889
Summary:
Letters and memoranda written by Ludington family members to George Ludington, cashier of the Bank of Kent, Ludingtonville, New York.
Scope and Contents:
The Collection consists almost entirely of letters and business memoranda received by George Ludington. The major correspondents are his six brothers. Additional correspondents include other family members, friends and business associates. The documents are in varying states of physical preservation. A few fragments lack the originator's name or date.

The bulk of the correspondence is dated in the years just prior to and during the Civil War. The primary subject matter is business dealings, mainly financial transactions involving extension of loans by George Ludington, their servicing and repayment. Some correspondence relates to merchandise purchases and to dealings in commodities, primarily grain but also including cotton and lumber. There are numerous references to local "currencies" (the notes of banks, often of uncertain security) and to the credit-worthiness of individuals.

The letters often refer to matters of personal and family interest and include revealing comments on military aspects of the Civil War (particularly the draft and the then legal practice of paying substitutes for military duty.) One Ludington brother served in the Union Army and was seriously wounded. There are references to difficulties with Indian tribes in Illinois and Minnesota. A description of a disastrous railroad accident is included.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1: Family correspondence, 1848-1889

Series 2: Other correspondence, 1817-1889

Series 3: Certificates of Deposit, 1862-1863
Biographical / Historical:
George Ludington was a banker who lived in Ludingtonville, Putnam County, New York. Four of his brothers were in the lumber manufacture and merchandising and other businesses in the Midwest. Another brother was in the import/export trade in New York City.

James Ludington was a lumber dealer of Milwaukee and occasionally Bloomington, (Indiana?). Most of his letters deal with financial relations with George Ludington and his bank. The amounts mentioned were large for those times, and James seemed to be equal in status to George, frequently offering advice on business matters. He was clearly in debt to George over the period covered by the correspondence, 1856-1864.

Nelson Ludington was a lumber manufacturer and dealer in Chicago, also in a debtor relationship to George Ludington. His letters expressed strong criticism of the conduct of Civil War operations.

Charles H. Ludington was a senior partner in Lathrop, Ludington and Company, an import/export firm in New York City.

Harrison Ludington was a senior partner of H. Ludington & Co., lumber merchants of Milwaukee and later mayor of that city (1872-1876) and governor of Wisconsin (1876-1878).

Sims Ludington, apparently the youngest brother of George, was a lumber merchant in Winona, Minnesota. He served in the Union Army and was seriously wounded in 1863.

Sam Ludington, based on a single letter in 1856, was apparently poorly educated with uncertain employment.

Other family members represented in the correspondence were B.L. Ludington (relationship uncertain), employed in the U.S. Appraisers Office, New York City, and a cousin, Henry B. Camby, New York City. One brief note indicates he may have been in the apparel business.

Non-family correspondents include the following:

Orlando B. Turrell, an employee of Caldwell and Co., a bank in St. Paul, Minnesota and later the cashier of the Marine Bank of that city. His letters, often lengthy and spanning 1857-1864, are mostly concerned with financial transactions and general business conditions in Minnesota but are written in a friendly style with many personal references.

Edwin Caldwell, a senior partner of the Savings Bank of Caldwell, Whitney and Co., St. Paul, Minnesota. His letters, written between 1857 and 1859, are primarily business-related, and are concerned with loan transactions for George Ludington's bank. However, there are numerous personal comments, reflecting a somewhat adversarial relationship with Ludington.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

The State Historical Society of Wisconsin's holdings include the papers of Harrison Ludington, one of the Luddington brother's and a correspondent in this collection.
Provenance:
The collection was purchased from Augusta Warshaw, widow of Isadore Warshaw, in 1971.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865  Search this
Exports -- 19th century  Search this
Indians of North America -- 19th century  Search this
Local finance -- 19th century  Search this
Draft resisters -- 19th century  Search this
Draft -- 19th century  Search this
Commercial products -- 19th century  Search this
Cashiers -- 19th century  Search this
Money -- 19th century  Search this
Bankers  Search this
Banks and banking, American -- 19th century  Search this
Lumber trade -- 19th century  Search this
finance -- 19th century  Search this
Substitute soldiers, Civil War  Search this
Indian relations  Search this
International trade -- 19th century  Search this
Imports -- 19th century  Search this
Commodities -- 19th century  Search this
Hiring of war substitutes, Civil War  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 19th century
Citation:
George W. Ludington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0135
See more items in:
George W. Ludington Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0135

Price Current for Exportation, [flier]

Collector:
Agriculture, Divison of (NMAH)  Search this
Collection Author:
Swatara Railroad Company  Search this
Donaldson, William  Search this
Swatara and Good Spring Railroad  Search this
Collection Collector:
Agriculture, Divison of (NMAH)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (9.3" x 7.5")
Type:
Archival materials
Fliers (printed matter)
Date:
October 1, 1805
Scope and Contents:
Provides information about shiping quarantine regulations and prices for commodities.
Arrangement:
In box 1, folder 2.
Local Numbers:
AC0272-0000001 (AC scan)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use by appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
International trade  Search this
Imports  Search this
Commodities -- 19th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Fliers (printed matter)
Collection Citation:
Swatara Railroad Papers, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Swatara Railroad Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0272-ref538

Africa and the world-economy

Author:
Wallerstein, Immanuel Maurice 1930-  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Africa
Date:
1989
19th century
Topic:
International trade  Search this
Commerce  Search this
Call number:
DT20 .G32 1981c
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_509882

Early Microscopes Revealed a New World of Tiny Living Things

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Wed, 27 Apr 2016 13:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_d534ef206c6ad3595cde3d4dec56ad45

Global trade and visual arts in federal New England / edited by Patricia Johnston and Caroline Frank

Title:
Global trade & visual arts in federal New England
Editor:
Johnston, Patricia A. 1954-  Search this
Frank, Caroline (Caroline Baer)  Search this
Physical description:
325 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New England
Date:
2014
18th century
19th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
International trade  Search this
Art and society  Search this
Commerce  Search this
History  Search this
Civilization  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1034029

Ocean of trade : South Asian merchants, Africa and the Indian Ocean, c. 1750-1850 / Pedro Machado

Author:
Machado, Pedro 1970-  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 315 pages ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
South Asia
Indian Ocean
Africa
Date:
2014
18th century
19th century
Topic:
Merchants--History  Search this
International trade--History  Search this
Production (Economic theory)--History  Search this
Consumption (Economics)--History  Search this
Commerce  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1043385

Rogues Gallery

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Interviews
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 20 May 2008 03:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_6f3f84f57570c73118abb16cb177b945

How Coffee, Chocolate and Tea Overturned a 1,500-Year-Old Medical Mindset

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Wed, 17 May 2017 17:22:12 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_999919f7bca1e74a1cf50bd94e62094f

Appalled by the Illegal Trade in Elephant Ivory, a Biologist Decided to Make His Own

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Wed, 10 May 2017 18:15:20 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_068c0b345ce4cfc4809ee1f64e193554

Top Ten Stories About Sharks Since the Last Shark Week

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Conversations and talks
Blog posts
Published Date:
Mon, 05 Aug 2013 14:16:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_201a8825411d827dc347cecff636a8e4

What's Really in That Tuna Roll? DNA Testing Can Help You Find Out

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Interviews
Blog posts
Published Date:
Wed, 13 Sep 2017 14:23:37 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_a597ade67999f989349f313f63d9d971

The importance of British material culture to historical archaeologies of the nineteenth century / edited and with an introduction by Alasdair Brooks

Editor:
Brooks, Alasdair Mark  Search this
Physical description:
369 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Great Britain
Date:
2015
19th century
Topic:
Archaeology and history--History  Search this
Material culture--History  Search this
Consumer goods--History  Search this
Civilization, Modern--British influences  Search this
Industrial revolution  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Commerce  Search this
History  Search this
Relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1078197

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