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Seventy-five Latin-American prints : a survey of contemporary printmaking in eighteen countries of Central and South America : permanent collection of International Business Machines Corporation / assembled by American National Committee of Engraving

view Seventy-five Latin-American prints : a survey of contemporary printmaking in eighteen countries of Central and South America : permanent collection of International Business Machines Corporation / assembled by American National Committee of Engraving digital asset number 1
Author:
American National Committee of Engraving
Subject:
International Business Machines Corporation Art collections
Physical description:
[10] p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Latin America
Date:
19--]
20th century
Notes:
Catalog of a traveling exhibition.
Topic:
Prints, Latin American
Prints
Call number:
NE502 .S49
NE502.S49
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

IBM 001Card Punch

view IBM 001Card Punch digital asset: IBM 001 Card Punch
Maker:
International Business Machines Corporation
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
paper (overall material)
plastic (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 11.8 cm x 43.7 cm x 18 cm; 4 21/32 in x 17 7/32 in x 7 3/32 in
Object Name:
card punch
Place made:
United States: New York, Endicott
Date made:
after 1930
Description:
For the first half of the 20th century, much data was entered into data processing machines using punched cards. This machine for punching such cards was manufactured by International Business Machines Corporation of New York.
This key-driven, manual punch has 14 black keys. Twelve are for the 12 rows on a punch card. These are labeled from 0 to 9, X, and blank. Another key moves the card one space to the left and the last releases it. Keys are fed in from the right. A portion of a punch card attached in back of the machine has a pointer attached to it which allows one to determine the column of the card one is punching. The device is set up for 80-column cards and punches rectangular holes. A cylindrical protrusion extends from the back of the machine.
A metal tag attached to the front of the object reads: PROPERTY OF (/) INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORP. (/) 001-12036-JH (/) ENDICOTT, NEW YORK, U.S.A. A mark stamped into the back of the card bed reads: 01 202.Two rods are marked at the front below the punching position: 202.
IBM cards with rectangular holes and 80 columns were introduced in 1928. Cards with 12 rows of holes date from the early 1930s.
Reference:
E. W. Pugh, Building IBM: Shaping an Industry and Its Technology, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1995, pp. 48–49.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Mathematics
Credit Line:
Transfer from U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory
ID Number:
MA.333894
Accession number:
304350
Catalog number:
333894
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Science & Mathematics
Tabulating Equipment
Computers & Business Machines
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

Magnetic Belt Recorder

view Magnetic Belt Recorder digital asset number 1
Maker:
International Business Machines Corporation
Physical Description:
steel (overall material)
plastic (overall material)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 13 cm x 42 cm x 33 cm; 5 1/8 in x 16 17/32 in x 13 in
Object Name:
recording device
dictating machine
Date made:
ca 1964
Description (Brief):
This Executary dictation machine was designed to allow people to record letters and other information for later transcription. Designs for dictating machines date back to Edison’s cylinder phonograph, and magnetic recorders were also adapted for this application as they became available. IBM introduced the Execuary in 1960 and used a magnetic belt as recording medium. Less likely to break than a thin tape, the belt could be folded and mailed to correspondents with similar machines. The unit could record two tracks, one for the dictation content and a parallel track for instructions to the transcriber.
Location:
Currently not on view
Credit Line:
from Witherspoon Street Presbyterian Church, thru Shirley Satterfield
ID Number:
1999.3029.01
Nonaccession number:
1999.3029
Catalog number:
1999.3029.01
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Electricity
Magnetic Recording
Communications
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

IBM Model D Executive Typewriter

view IBM Model D Executive Typewriter digital asset number 1
Maker:
International Business Machines Corporation
Measurements:
typewriter: 9 1/4 in x 25 in x 16 in; 23.495 cm x 63.5 cm x 40.64 cm
Object Name:
typewriter
Location of prior holder:
United States: Maryland, Rockville
Description:
The IBM Model D electric typewriter was produced in the spring of 1967 in both a regular and executive versions. The Model D Executive featured proportional spacing originally introduced in IBM’s Model B Executive typewriter. Instead of every character taking exactly the same space on the page, thin letters received narrower space, and wide letters got wider space. Other features of the Model D included a "control row" above the keyboard that allowed the user to adjust the margins, the tab settings, and the ribbon position.
Originally founded in as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company in 1911, IBM began its venture into typewriter manufacturing with the acquisition of the Electromatic Typewriter Company in 1933. In 1935 IBM produced its first electric typewriter, the Model 01, which IBM considered a commercial success. IBM continued producing typewriters throughout the 20th century until 1990.
Location:
Currently not on view
Credit Line:
Mrs. Helen A. Hess
ID Number:
1984.0499.01
Accession number:
1984.0499
Catalog number:
1984.0499.01
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Mechanisms
Typewriters
Computers & Business Machines
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

IBM Machine Load Computer Slide Rule

view IBM Machine Load Computer Slide Rule digital asset: Slide rule - IBM Machine Load Computer - Front View
Maker:
International Business Machines Corporation
Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
paper (case material)
Measurements:
overall: .2 cm x 25 cm x 10 cm; 1/16 in x 9 13/16 in x 3 15/16 in
Object Name:
calculating rule
Place made:
United States: New York, New York
Date made:
1953-1959
Description:
This plastic rectangular instrument calculated the time required for different types of IBM punched card equipment to process given numbers of cards. The black side is for accounting machines, sorters, and collators. The white side is for card punches, verifiers, and auxiliary machines. These machines were in use from roughly 1953 through 1959. The white side is marked: IBM; International Business Machines Corp. (/) 590 Madison Ave. New York 22, N.Y. (/) Patent Applied For. It is also marked THINK and MADE IN U.S.A. An instruction card is provided. A tan envelope is marked: IBM (/) MACHINE LOAD COMPUTER (/) AND DESCRIPTIVE FOLDER (/) Form 20-8704-1. No patent record was located.
Benjamin S. Mulitz, the donor, worked with punched card equipment and then with computers from 1940 until 1985. He used both Remington Rand and IBM products. He was employed by the U.S. government and then in the wholesale drug industry.
Reference: accession file.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Mathematics
Rule, Calculating
Credit Line:
Gift of Benjamin S. Mulitz
ID Number:
2006.0174.02
Accession number:
2006.0174
Catalog number:
2006.0174.02
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Science & Mathematics
Computers & Business Machines
Slide Rules
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

IBM Verifier for Punched Cards

view IBM Verifier for Punched Cards digital asset: IBM Verifier for Punched Cards
Maker:
International Business Machines Corporation
Physical Description:
rubber (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 15 cm x 44.5 cm x 14 cm; 5 29/32 in x 17 17/32 in x 5 1/2 in
Object Name:
verifier
Place made:
United States: New York, Endicott
Date made:
ca 1935
Description:
This key-driven, manual verifier has 15 black rubber keys. Twelve are for the 12 columns on a punch card. These are labeled from 0 to 9, X, and blank. Two other keys move the card one space, and the last key releases the card. Cards are fed manually from the left. A mechanism at the center of the machine senses whether or not a hole has been punched in a given line. If one depresses a key corresponding to a hole punched on the card, the card advances one place to the left. If the hole on the card does not match what is punched, the card does not move. Depressing the blank key at the front of the verifier then cuts a hole at the bottom of the column in which the error occurs. Erroneous cards are then retyped on a card punch. If the hole and the key typed match, the card advances one column.
A mark stamped on the base of the machine toward the left reads: 05111993-A0.
IBM introduced verifiers as part of its line of punch card equipment around 1917. Cards with 12 columns date from the early 1930s onward.
Reference:
C. J. Basche, L. R. Johnson, J. H. Palmer and E. W. Pugh, IBM’s Early Computers, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1986, pp. 7–8, 11.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Mathematics
Credit Line:
Gift of John T. Welch
ID Number:
1979.0931.01
Accession number:
1979.0931
Catalog number:
1979.0931.01
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Tabulating Equipment
Computers & Business Machines
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

IBM Model 24 Card Punch

view IBM Model 24 Card Punch digital asset: IBM Model 24 Card Punch
Maker:
International Business Machines Corporation
Physical Description:
metal (table, mechanism material)
rubber (cord material)
plastic (keys material)
Measurements:
overall: 97 cm x 78.5 cm x 72.5 cm; 38 3/16 in x 30 29/32 in x 28 17/32 in
Object Name:
card punch
Date made:
ca 1965
Description:
This gray desk-sized machine for punching cards to be used as computer input has a table with keyboard at the front and a card hopper, card bed, and card stack at the back. The keyboard is cabled to the punch. Cards move from the hopper at the top left, down into the card bed, across the bed to the left, and up into the stack on the left side. It is possible to punch individual cards and to have several cards programmed to be punched identically in some columns. The model IBM 24 does not print data entered at the top of the card.
A mark on the punch reads: IBM 24 (/) CARD PUNCH. Another mark there reads: PROPERTY OF (/) INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORP. (/) 024 30864 SO.
References:
IBM, Reference Manual IBM 24 Card Punch IBM 26 Printing Card Punch, White Plains, N.Y.: IBM, 1965. The first version of this manual appeared in 1949.
IBM, Field Engineering Maintenance Manual 24-Base Machines, White Plains, N.Y.: IBM, 1965. This manual has museum number 1987.0528.03 and was received with the machine.
John Diebold & Associates, "IBM 024 and 026 Card Punches," Automatic Data Processing Equipment, Chicago: Cudahy Publishing Company, 1957, section 1A 380.1, pages 2–6.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Mathematics
Credit Line:
Gift of Eric J. Horne
ID Number:
1987.0528.01
Accession number:
1987.0528
Catalog number:
1987.0528.01
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Tabulating Equipment
Computers & Business Machines
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Geoffrey Gordon (1924-1989)

view Geoffrey Gordon (1924-1989) digital asset number 1
Subject:
Gordon, Geoffrey 1924-
International Business Machines Corporation Advanced Systems Development Division
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1961
September 27, 1961
Summary:
Geoffrey Gordon (1924-1989), manager of simulation development, Advanced Systems Development Division, IBM. Gordon's research focused on "the computer simulation of information handling processes before the processes are actually used in a system."
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 90-105, Science Service Records, Image #SIA2008-2002
Topic:
Information technology
Computer systems
Computer simulation
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-2002]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Geoffrey Gordon (1924-1989)

view Geoffrey Gordon (1924-1989) digital asset number 1
Subject:
Gordon, Geoffrey 1924-
International Business Machines Corporation Advanced Systems Development Division
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1961
September 27, 1961
Summary:
Geoffrey Gordon (1924-1989), manager of simulation development, Advanced Systems Development Division, IBM. Gordon's research focused on "the computer simulation of information handling processes before the processes are actually used in a system." The photograph was taken in September 1961 as Gordon presented a preliminary version of IBM's GPS computer simulation program.
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 90-105, Science Service Records, Image #SIA2008-2003
Topic:
Computer simulation
Computer systems
Information technology
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-2003]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Tabulating Machine Component, Control Panel for an IBM 403 Tabulating Machine

view Tabulating Machine Component, Control Panel for an IBM 403 Tabulating Machine digital asset: Control Panel for an IBM 403 Tabulating Machine
Maker:
International Business Machines Corporation
MAC Panel Company
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
plastic (overall material)
cloth (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 cm x 48 cm x 32 cm; 2 3/4 in x 18 29/32 in x 12 19/32 in
Object Name:
tabulating machine component
Place made:
United States: North Carolina, High Point
Date made:
ca 1960
Description:
By the late 1940s, the calculations and printout of IBM accounting machines were determined by setting a plugboard like this one and then feeding in data punched on cards. This control panel was used specifically in an IBM 403 tabulating machine, a device introduced in the late 1940s and distributed at least into the late 1960s.
The object has a rectangular metal frame with a metal handle on one of the long edges. It is divided into three sections, each containing a plastic circuit board with numerous holes. Many colorful plastic and cloth-coated wires are plugged into the holes. The board is wired for calculating invoices.
A red tag attached under the handle reads: 403 INVOICE. A tag glued under the panel reads: MFG. BY (/) MAC PANEL (/) COMPANY. This tag also reads: HIGH POINT (/) N. C. and: TYPE 913. A mark stamped at the bottom of one circuit board reads: TYPE 402-403 22573 PRINTED IN USA.
According to the company website, MAC Panel Company was founded in High Point in 1958.
This example came from a programmer who worked with punch card equipment and computers from 1940 until 1985.
References:
IBM, IBM 402, 403 and 419 Accounting Machine Manual of Operation, New York: IBM, 1953, pp. 4–7. This is 2006.3088.03.20.
Accession file.
M. Campbell-Kelly, ICL: A Business and Technical HistoryOxford: Clarendon Press, 1989, pp. 90–92.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Mathematics
Credit Line:
Gift of Benjamin S. Mulitz
ID Number:
2006.0174.01
Accession number:
2006.0174
Catalog number:
2006.0174.01
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Tabulating Equipment
Computers & Business Machines
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

John Battiscombe ("Ian") Gunn (1928-2008)

view John Battiscombe ("Ian") Gunn (1928-2008) digital asset number 1
Subject:
Gunn, John Battiscombe 1928-2008
International Business Machines Corporation
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1968
Summary:
John Battiscombe ("Ian") Gunn (1928-2008), physicist, IBM, who discovered bulk oscillation in gallium arsenide.
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 90-105, Science Service Records, Image #SIA2008-2179
Topic:
Physics
Gallium arsenide
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-2179]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Aerial photograph of Research Center for IBM France, La Gaude, France

view Aerial photograph of Research Center for IBM France, La Gaude, France digital asset number 1
Subject:
Breuer, Marcel
Gatje, Robert F.
International Business Machines Corporation
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1960
Place of publication, production, or execution:
No place, unknown, or undetermined
Physical Description:
1 photographic print : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm.
Citation:
Aerial photograph of Research Center for IBM France, La Gaude, France, 1960 / unidentified photographer. Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Use Note:
Current copyright status is undetermined
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560
Topic:
Architecture
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18036
See more items in:
Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
Additional Online Media:

Exterior view of IBM offices, laboratories, and manufacturing facility, Boca Raton, Florida

view Exterior view of IBM offices, laboratories, and manufacturing facility, Boca Raton, Florida digital asset number 1
Subject:
Breuer, Marcel
Gatje, Robert F.
International Business Machines Corporation
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.
Date:
circa 1970
Place of publication, production, or execution:
No place, unknown, or undetermined
Physical Description:
1 photographic print : col. ; 25 x 20 cm.
Summary:
Date derived from dated, similar photographs in collection folder.
Citation:
Exterior view of IBM offices, laboratories, and manufacturing facility, Boca Raton, Florida, circa 1970 / unidentified photographer. Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Use Note:
Current copyright status is undetermined
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560
Topic:
Architectural design
Architecture
Architecture, Modern
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18185
See more items in:
Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986
Data Source:
Archives of American Art

Plan for the administrative and engineering elevation, IBM offices, laboratories, and manufacturing facility in Boca Raton, Florida

view Plan for the administrative and engineering elevation, IBM offices, laboratories, and manufacturing facility in Boca Raton, Florida digital asset number 1
Subject:
Breuer, Marcel
Gatje, Robert F.
International Business Machines Corporation
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.
Date:
circa 1968
Place of publication, production, or execution:
No place, unknown, or undetermined
Physical Description:
1 photographic print : col. ; 26 x 21 cm.
Summary:
Date derived from date of project.
Citation:
Plan for the administrative and engineering elevation, IBM offices, laboratories, and manufacturing facility in Boca Raton, Florida, circa 1968 / unidentified photographer. Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Use Note:
Current copyright status is undetermined
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560
Topic:
Architectural design
Architecture
Architecture, Modern
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18188
See more items in:
Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
Additional Online Media:

Interior view of the Research Center at the IBM offices in La Gaude, France

view Interior view of the Research Center at the IBM offices in La Gaude, France digital asset number 1
Subject:
Breuer, Marcel
Gatje, Robert F.
International Business Machines Corporation
Type:
Photographs
Place:
France
Date:
1961
Place of publication, production, or execution:
No place, unknown, or undetermined
Physical Description:
1 photographic print : col. ; 21 x 26 cm.
Citation:
Interior view of the Research Center at the IBM offices in La Gaude, France, 1961 / unidentified photographer. Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Use Note:
Current copyright status is undetermined
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560
Topic:
Architectural design
Architecture
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18359
See more items in:
Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
Additional Online Media:

Richard Lawrence Garwin

view Richard Lawrence Garwin digital asset number 1
Subject:
Garwin, Richard L
Thomas J. Watson IBM Research Center
International Business Machines Corporation
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Summary:
Richard Lawrence Garwin (b. 1928), physicist, IBM.
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 90-105, Science Service Records, Image #SIA2008-1826
Topic:
Physics
Nuclear physics
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-1826]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Exterior photograph of IBM offices, laboratories, and manufacturing facility, Boca Raton, Florida

view Exterior photograph of IBM offices, laboratories, and manufacturing facility, Boca Raton, Florida digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Molitor, Joseph W.
Subject:
Breuer, Marcel
Gatje, Robert F.
International Business Machines Corporation
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.
Date:
circa 1970
Place of publication, production, or execution:
No place, unknown, or undetermined
Physical Description:
1 photographic print : b&w ; 25 x 20 cm.
Summary:
Inscription on verso attachment (typescript): 4653-1 Administration Wings across the central lake.
Date based on completion of project.
Citation:
Exterior photograph of IBM offices, laboratories, and manufacturing facility, Boca Raton, Florida, circa 1970 / Joseph W. Molitor, photographer. Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Use Note:
Current copyright status is undetermined
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560
Topic:
Architectural design
Architecture
Architecture, Modern
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18186
See more items in:
Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
Additional Online Media:

From 9 til 5 without fatique

Author:
International Business Machines Corporation
Type:
Books
Trade catalogs
Date:
1946
Notes:
Trade literature.
Topic:
Typewriters
Call number:
25510
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

International electric punched card accounting method

Author:
International Business Machines Corporation
Type:
Books
Trade catalogs
Date:
1938
Notes:
Trade literature.
Topic:
Punched card systems
Call number:
24728
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

IBM electric executive typewriter for distinctive correspondence

Author:
International Business Machines Corporation
Type:
Books
Trade catalogs
Date:
1947
Ca1947
Notes:
Trade literature.
Topic:
Typewriters
Call number:
25346
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

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