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MS 2176 Report on collection of Skeletal material made by Mr. Myer, signed by Dr. Hrdlicka

Creator:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Collector:
Myer, William Edward, 1862-1923  Search this
Extent:
2 pages
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Place:
Tennessee -- Archeology
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2176
Citation:
Manuscript 2176, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2176
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2176

MS 7071 Minutes of the organizing committee, 19th International Congress of Americanists, 1912-1914, Washington, D.C

Creator:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Names:
International Congress of Americanists, 19th Organizing Committee  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume
52 Pages
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Volumes
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Consists of minutes of meetings of both the full committee and its subcommittees; includes lists of sponsoring institutions, Organization Committee members and officers, foreign Associate Secretaries, and Honorary Committee members.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7071
Citation:
Manuscript 7071, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7071
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7071

Record of physical anthropological measurements of Henry B. Collins

Creator:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Connolly, C.J.  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Extent:
3 Pages
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
Summer, 1924
Scope and Contents:
On USNM form. Face mask of Collins made at same time now in division of physical anthropology.
Biographical / Historical:
Stewart says Hrdlicka held informal sessions to instruct those in taking measurements. This was one such session.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7102
Topic:
Anthropology, history of  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- anthropometry  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7102, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7102
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7102

MS 7225 Cliff Evans letter to Edwin Wilmsen

Creator:
Evans, Clifford, 1920-1981  Search this
Addressee:
Wilmsen, Edwin N.  Search this
Names:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Extent:
2 Pages
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
1971
Scope and Contents:
Letter concerns errors made in publications regarding Aleš Hrdlička's affiliation with the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7225
Topic:
Anthropology -- History  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7225, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7225
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7225

MS 7528 Kodiak Island Field Notes

Creator:
MacRae, T.W.R.  Search this
Bohannan, C.T.R.  Search this
Names:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Extent:
39 Items (ca. pages ca. 39 pages)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1934
Scope and Contents:
Title page read: Smithsonian Institution U.S. National Museum Expedition to Kodiak Island led by Dr. Ales Hrdlicka, 1934, personal notes of T.W.R. MacRae and C.T.R. Bohannan. Includes diary and drawings of artifacts
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7528
Topic:
Alaska -- Kodiak Island -- Archeology  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7528, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7528
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7528

Ales Hrdlicka photograph collection relating to the Panama-California Exposition

Creator:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Names:
American Museum of Natural History  Search this
Royal College of Surgeons in London  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Extent:
595 Negatives (circa, glass and nitrate)
Culture:
Pueblo Indians -- depicted  Search this
Omaha Indians -- depicted  Search this
Osage Indians -- depicted  Search this
Jicarilla Indians -- depicted  Search this
Navajo Indians -- depicted  Search this
Teton Indians -- depicted  Search this
Hopi Indians -- depicted  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Mongols -- depicted  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Negatives
Photographs
Date:
1912-1917
Scope and Contents note:
The bulk of the collection consists of photographs commissioned by Ales Hrdlicka for the Panama-California Exposition in San Diego, collected 1912-1914. They include front and profile portraits of Mongols in Urga, Mongolia, as well as Apache, Teton, Hopi, Navajo, Omaha, Osage, and Pueblo Indians. There are some full-length portraits of Apaches and views of Southwest Indian dwellings, activities, and a dance. Additionally, there are some images of United States National Museum exhibits and items from the USNM, American Museum of Natural History, and the Royal College of Surgeons in London, some of which were made by Hrdlicka in 1917.
Biographical/Historical note:
Ales Hrdlicka (1869-1943) was born in Czechoslovakia and came to the United States at the age of thirteen. Originally trained in medicine, he developed an interest in physical anthropology while working with the New York State hospitals and researching with the Department of Anthropology in the Pathological Institute of the New York State hospitals. Hrdlicka joined the Hyde Expeditions to the American Southwest and made his own expeditions to study physical characteristics of Southwest tribes. In 1903, he was appointed head of the United States National Museum's newly formed Division of Physical Anthropology.

In 1912, Hrdlicka planned and directed seven expeditions, gathering information that helped him prepare physical anthropology exhibits for the Panama-California Exposition at San Diego, California (1915). Hrdlicka hired sculptor Frank Micka to make busts of people from around the world to display in the exposition. While in the field making casts, Micka also took front and profile photographs of subjects. Hrdlicka made his own trip to photograph the people in Urga, Mongolia, making 360 images of Mongolians and some Tibetans for use in the exposition.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 73-26B
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs relating to the exposition, including prints of many of these negatives, are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 8, Photo Lot 9, and Photo Lot 88-25.
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the Ales Hrdlicka Papers ca. 1887-1943 and his photographs in Photo Lot 8, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 70, Photo Lot 78, Photo Lot 97, Photo Lot 73-26G, Photo Lot 83-41, and Photo Lot 92-46.
Restrictions:
Nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Physical anthropology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 73-26B, Ales Hrdlicka photograph collection relating to the Panama-California Exposition, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-26B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73-26b
Additional Online Media:

Ales Hrdlicka photograph collection of American Indians for the Panama-California Exposition

Collector:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Photographer:
Fiske, Frank Bennett, 1883-1952  Search this
Gill, De Lancey, 1859-1940  Search this
Micka, Frank  Search this
Extent:
1 copy negative
135 Prints (circa, silver gelatin and albumen)
2 copy prints
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Teton Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Jicarilla Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Yankton Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Copy negatives
Prints
Copy prints
Date:
1912
Scope and Contents note:
Front and profile images of Apache, Kiowa, Omaha, Osage, Teton, and Yankton Indians made for Ales Hrdlicka's use in preparing busts and physical anthropological exhibits for the Panama-California Exposition in 1915. Accompanying the photographs are notes produced under the supervision of Lucile Eleanor St. Hoyme; these include the tribe, age, sex, name(s), photographer, and number of corresponding bust. Photographers represented in the collection are Frank Micka, a sculptor hired by the exposition to make busts, as well as photographers Frank Bennett Fiske, De Lancey W. Gill, and others.
Biographical/Historical note:
Ales Hrdlicka (1869-1943) was born in Czechoslovakia and came to the United States at the age of thirteen. Originally trained in medicine, he developed an interest in physical anthropology while working with the New York State hospitals and researching with the Department of Anthropology in the Pathological Institute of the New York State Hospitals. Hrdlicka joined the Hyde Expeditions to the American Southwest and made his own expeditions to study physical characteristics of Southwest tribes. In 1903, he was appointed head of the United States National Museum's newly-formed Division of Physical Anthropology.

In 1912, Hrdlicka planned and directed seven expeditions, gathering information that helped him prepare physical anthropology exhibits for the Panama-California Exposition at San Diego, California (1915). During this process, he hired sculptor Frank Micka to make busts of people from around the world. While in the field making casts, Micka also took front and profile photographs of subjects. Hrdlicka made his own trip to photograph the people in Urga, Mongolia, making 360 images of Mongolians and some Tibetans for use in the exposition.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 9, USNM ACC 61302
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds original negatives for many of these photographs (Photo Lot 73-26B) and images of resulting busts (Photo Lot 88-25).
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the Ales Hrdlicka Papers ca. 1887-1943.
Material from Hrdlicka, mostly correspondence, is held in the National Anthropological Archives in the papers and records of William Louis Abbott, Henry Bascom Collins, Herbert William Krieger, Frank Spencer, the American Anthropological Association, Bureau of American Ethnology, Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum (National Museum of Natural History), Science Service, Anthropological Society of Washington, and the United States Army Medical Museum (anatomical section, records relating to specimens transferred to the Smithsonian Institution).
Hrdlicka photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 8, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 70, Photo Lot 78, Photo Lot 97, Photo Lot 73-26B, Photo Lot 73-26G, Photo Lot 83-41, and Photo Lot 92-46.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Photo lot 9, Aleš Hrdlička photograph collection of American Indians for the Panama-California Exposition, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.9
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-9

Memories from Half a Century at the Smithsonian

Creator:
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology -- History  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. National Museum of Natural History. Department of Anthropology -- History  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Extent:
3 sound tape reels (analog, 7 1/2 ips, 7 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Sound tape reels
Sound recordings
Date:
January 11, 1978
Scope and Contents:
A talk at one of the regular colloquia of the Department of Anthropology. Recollections include references to Henry B. Collins, Walter Hough, Ales Hrdlicka, and others.Two original reels, #1 and #2, and one reel use copy.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7121
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Citation:
Manuscript 7121, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7121
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7121

Portraits of International Congress of Criminal Anthropologists and International Congress of Americanists

Names:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Wilson, Thomas, 1832-1902  Search this
Photographer:
Wilcomb, A. P.  Search this
Extent:
2 mounted prints (silver gelatin)
1 mounted print (albumen)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Mounted prints
Photographs
Date:
1889, 1910
Scope and Contents note:
Group portraits of attendees at congresses, including Smithsonian delegates. One image is a group portrait of attendees -- including Thomas Wilson, delegate for the Smithsonian -- at the Second International Congress of Criminal Anthropologists, held in Paris in 1889. Two additional group portraits, made by A. P. Wilcomb, show attendees at the Seventeenth International Congress of Americanists at Buenos Aires in 1910. Ales Hrdlicka was the Smithsonian and US government's delegate to the Americanists meeting. His name is written on the verso of the ICCA photograph mount.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 77-48
Location of Other Archival Materials:
A history of the International Congress of Americanists, 1874-1900, held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 7068.
Another photograph of the International Congress of Americanists (from 1902) held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot R76-139.
The National Anthropological Archives holds the Ales Hrdlicka Papers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 77-48, Portraits of International Congress of Criminal Anthropologists and International Congress of Americanists, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.77-48
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-77-48

Department of Anthropology photograph collection of Paleolithic sites

Collector:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Dept. of Anthropology  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Russell, James Townsend  Search this
Extent:
14 copy prints of photographs and drawings
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Photographs
Place:
England
Java
France
Date:
circa 1933
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs documenting archeological sites and diagrams of excavations. Depicted Paleolithic archeological sites include the following: Pithecanthropus site in Trinil, Java; Piltdown site in Suffolk (or Sussex), England; Heidelberg site in Heidelberg, Germany; Moustier site in Dordogne, France; La Chapelle aux Saints site in Coreze, France; La Quina sitein Charante, France; Galilee Skull site on the Sea of Galilee; Laugerie Haute in Dordogne, France; and La Madeleine in Dordogne, France. The prints were made by the Smithsonian laboratory for the Synoptic Series in the Old World Archeological exhibits, from photographs furnished, and possibly made, by Dr. Ales Hrdlicka and J. Townsend Russell.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 160, USNM ACC 124072
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by Smithsonian Institution, 1933.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
This collection has been relocated from Photo Lot 79-38.
Originals for some of these drawings and photographs as well as additional drawings and photographs of Paleolithic sites can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 157 and the Ales Hrdlicka papers.
Material found in Gus Van Beek's office can also be found in the National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 79-34.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Paleolithic period -- France  Search this
Paleolithic period -- England  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 160, Department of Anthropology photograph collection of Paleolithic sites, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.160
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-160

Lucile Eleanor St. Hoyme photographs of congress of the Czechoslovak Anthropological Society

Creator:
St. Hoyme, Lucile Eleanor  Search this
Names:
Čs. společnost antropologická při Čs. akademii věd  Search this
Angel, J. Lawrence (John Lawrence)  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
St. Hoyme, Lucile Eleanor  Search this
Extent:
12 prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Czechs  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Humpolec (Czech Republic)
Date:
1969
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of photographs relating to the congress of the Czechoslovak Anthropological Society, held August 31-September 5, 1969 in Humpolec, Czech Republic. It includes images of attendees and sessions (including one likely related to Aleš Hrdlička) of the 1969 congress of the Czechoslovakn Anthropological Society, as well as a view of Aleš Hrdlička Street in Humpolec.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Czechoslovak Anthropological Society (Cs. spolecnost antropologicka) was established in 1964 as a section of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences. Ales Hrdlicka, whom the congress appears to have been celebrating, was a Czech anthropologist who was born in Humpolec and worked at the United States National Museum (1903-1942).
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 7C
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds the Aleš Hrdlička Papers ca. 1887-1943.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Physical anthropologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 7C, Lucile Eleanor St. Hoyme photographs of congress of the Czechoslovak Anthropological Society, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.7C
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-7c

Copies of photographs of American Indians

Names:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Ouray  Search this
Photographer:
James, George Wharton, 1858-1923  Search this
Maude, F. H. (Frederic Hamer)  Search this
Extent:
19 copy negatives (glass)
Culture:
Delaware Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Brulé Indians  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Tututni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Hopi Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Copy negatives
Photographs
Place:
Walpi (Arizona)
Oraibi (Ariz.)
Date:
circa 1860-1920
Scope and Contents note:
Copy negatives made from negatives depicting American Indians, dwellings, and ceremonies. There are images of Hopi Indians at Walpi and Oraibi pueblos and other Pueblo Indians, as well as portraits of Apache, Osage, Navajo, Blackfoot, Brule, Nez Perce, Rogue River, Taos, Pawnee, Oto, Caddo, Arapaho, and Delaware Indians and the Ute Chief Ouray. Some of the images are from the series "Dangers of the Indian Country--Frontier Exposures." Represented photographers include George Wharton James, F. H. Maude, and others.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 73-26G
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional George Wharton James photographs can be found in National Anthropological Archives MS 4577, Photo Lot 59, Photo Lot 89-8, and Photo Lot R92-15.
Additional F. H. Maude photographs can be found in National Anthropological Archives MS 4978, Photo Lot 59, Photo Lot 89-8, Photo Lot 90-1, and Photo Lot 24.
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the Ales Hrdlicka papers and other collections relating to his work (Numbered Manuscript collections and Photo Lots).
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 73-26G, Copies of photographs of American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-26G
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73-26g

Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona

Photographer:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Owner:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Source:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Names:
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1902-1903)  Search this
Former owner:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Extent:
588 Photographic Prints
190 copy negatives
Culture:
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Opata  Search this
Yoeme (Yaqui)  Search this
Otomi  Search this
Cora  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Wixarika (Huichol)  Search this
Seri  Search this
Nahua  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Yoreme (Mayo)  Search this
Purepecha (Tarasco)  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Tepecano  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographic Prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Casa Grande (Ariz.)
Arizona -- photographs
Mexico -- photographs
Date:
1898-1902
Summary:
This collection contains photographic prints and copy negatives taken by Ales Hrdlicka in Arizona and Mexico between 1898 and 1902. The majority of the photographs were donated by George Pepper to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in 1923. Native communities that Hrdlicka photographed during his research include--Purepecha (Tarasco), Yoeme (Yaqui), Hualapai (Walapai), Havasupai (Coconino), Piipaash (Maricopa), Mojave (Mahave), Tohono O'odham (Papapgo), Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Tepecano, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Opata, Cora, Seri, Wixarika (Huichol), Nahua, Otomi and Yoreme (Mayo). Ales Hrdlicka (1869-1943) was born in the Czech Republic moved to the United States in 1881. Hrdlicka became known as the "Father" of Physical Anthropology and worked at the U.S. National Museum (now the National Museum of Natural History).
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains photographic prints taken by Ales Hrdlicka in Arizona and Mexico between 1898 and 1902. It is likely that many of the photographs were taken in 1902 as a part of the Hyde exploring expeditions on behalf of the American Museum of Natural History. Some of these photographs were taken by Carl Lumholtz and not Hrdlicka. Native communities that Hrdlicka photographed during his research include--Purepecha (Tarasco), Yoeme (Yaqui), Hualapai (Walapai), Havasupai (Coconino), Piipaash (Maricopa), Mojave (Mahave), Tohono O'odham (Papapgo), Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Tepecano, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Opata, Cora, Seri, Wixarika (Huichol), Nahua, Otomi, and Yoreme (Mayo). Locations photographed in Mexico include--Michoacán, Sonora, Mesa del Encanto and the Ruins of Totoate in Jalisco, Ruins of La Quamada and Ruins of Teul in Zacatecas, Nayarit State, and the central altiplano. Locations photographed in Arizona include--Casa Grande in Pinal County, Fort Yuma Reservation, Supai in Coconino County and the Mission San Xavier del Bac.

The photographs include a large amount of posed portraits of men and women, none of them identified in our collection. Hrdlicka often posed his subjects both facing forward and in profile so that he could better examine their physical attributes.There are some group portraits as well as scenic shots of houses, churches and village views. Hrdlicka also photographed archaeological ruins inlcuding Casa Grande, Mesa del Encanto, Totoate, La Quamada and Teul.

The copy negatives that were made from the prints in the late 1960s by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Arrangement:
The majority of the photographs have been left in the order that they were originally cataloged. Photographs from the various tribal communities in Arizona and Mexico are in Series 1-16, each community with its own series. The final series, Series 17, contains photographs from various archaeological ruins in Arizona and Mexico.
Biographical / Historical:
Ales Hrdlicka (1869-1943) was born in Bohemia in and came to America when he was thirteen. As a young man, he was trained in medicine at New York's Eclectic Medical College and the New York Homeopathic Medical College, receiving degrees from each. His first professional work was as a private practitioner, but he gave that up in 1894 when he joined the staff of the New York State Hospital for the Insane at Middletown. There, in addition to other duties, he began studies of the physical characteristics of inmates. In 1896, in preparation for a research appointment with the Department of Anthropology in the Pathological Institute of the New York State hospitals, Hrdlicka went to Paris and studied with Leon Manouvrier. After his return to America, he worked for a short period with the Pathological Institute and came into contact with G.S. Huntington, of the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. Hrdlicka arranged and studied Huntington's large collection of skeletal material, thus gaining knowledge of a well-documented collection representing largely normal persons of European ancestry. He furthermore came to the attention of Frederic Ward Putnam, of the American Museum of Natural History, who arranged for his first anthropological field studies.

Hrdlicka became a member of the Hyde Expeditions to the American Southwest and northern Mexico. In 1898, he traveled to Mexico with Carl Lumholtz to study the Tarahumaras, Huichols, and neighboring tribes. In subsequent years, he returned to Mexico and the Southwest alone and studied physical characteristics and medical conditions of several American Indian tribes. Following this experience and examinations of the Trenton and Lansing skeletal material for Putnam, Hrdlicka was appointed head of the newly formed Division of Physical Anthropology in the United States National Museum in 1903.

In 1905, Hrdlicka returned to the Southwest for studies of Pima and Apache children and, in the following year, traveled to Florida to examine allegedly ancient remains of man. In 1908, he worked among a number of Native American tribes, including the Menominee, Oglala Dakota, Quinailt, Hupa, and Mohave, in a study of tuberculosis among them. In 1909, he traveled to Egypt with an expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York in order to study living Egyptians and to examine remains of Egypt's past population. The following year took him to Argentina, Peru, and Mexico. In the first of these, he again examined allegedly ancient remains of man. In Peru, he made a large collection of skeletal material near Trujillo, at Pachamac, and in the Chicama Valley.

Between 1912-1914, Hrdlicka undertook a physical anthropological exhibit for the Panama-California Exposition in San Diego and, for this, traveled to eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Peru, and Florida. He also examined fossil remains of man in Europe and directed field work of other anthropologists in South and East Africa, St. Lawrence Island in Alaska, the Philippines, eastern Siberia, and the Ukraine. In 1915, for the Department of Justice, he assessed the racial makeup of Chippewas on the Leech Lake and White Earth reservations in Minnesota and also studied Dakota Indians. In 1917, his field work was directed toward white American families with longtime residence in the United States. In 1918, he carried out a survey of ancient sites in eastern Florida for the Bureau of American Ethnology. In 1920, he traveled to Hawaii, Japan, Korea, and Manchuria in connection with an appointment to lecture at the Peking Union Medical College. As director of the American School for Prehistoric Studies in France, he again studied fossil remains of man in Europe in 1922 and 1923. In 1925, he carried out work in India, Ceylon, Java, Australia, South Africa, and Europe. In 1927, he was again in Europe to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture before the Royal Anthropological Society in Great Britain. Between 1929 and 1938, he traveled frequently to Alaska to carry on an anthropological survey. In 1939, he traveled to Russia and Siberia.

Beginning with much of the skeletal collection of the Army Medical Museum, which had been transferred to the Smithsonian in 1898 before he was appointed there, Hrdlicka amassed a bone collection that included, among many other specimens, the Huntington collection, casts of fossil remains of man, and a large and diverse North American collection. He also gathered a large collection of human brains. Over three hundred publications resulted from his study of this material, his field work, and his study of specimens in other museums. In addition, he was involved in many other activities. For United States government agencies, he provided services ranging from examinations of human remains for law enforcement officials to providing information and opinions concerning national origins and traits that were needed to interpret laws and form foreign policy. During World War II, he also advised government officials on policies to be pursued with certain national groups following the war.

In 1918, Hrdlicka founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and remained its editor until 1942. In 1928, he was the major force behind the organization of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and served as its president in 1928-1932. He was also president of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1907, the American Anthroplogical Association in 1925-1927, and the Washington Academy of Sciences in 1928-1929. He was chairman of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1918 and secretary of the Committee on Anthropology of the National Research Council in 1917. In addition, Hrdlicka was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the National Academy of Sciences. He represented the Smithsonian at several international gatherings of scholars, including meetings of the International Congress of Americanists.

Biographical note courtesy of the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History. See Ales Hrdlicka Papers. Edited by Rachel Menyuk, Processing Archivist at the National Museum of the American Indian.
Related Materials:
The majority of Ales Hrdlicka's papers and photographs are located at the National Athropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. In addition to the Ales Hrdlicka Papers ca. 1887-1943 additional Hrdlicka photographs can be found in photographic lots 8, Division of Physical Anthropology collection; 9, photographs of Indians for the Panama-California Exposition, San Diego; 24, Bureau of American Ethnology, United States National Museum photographs of American Indians; 70, Department of Anthropology portrait file; 78, miscellaneous negatives; 97, Division of Ethnology collection (―USNM‖ Collection); 73-26B, Aleš Hrdlička photographs; 73-26G, miscellany; 77-48, group portraits of International Congress; 79-38, Division of World Archeology collection; 83-41, Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of human bones; and 92-46, anthropology lantern slides.
Provenance:
Although it is unclear when George Pepper received the photographs from Ales Hrdlicka, Pepper donated the majority of the collection of photographs to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) in 1923. The rest of the photographs were cataloged by the MAI some time in the 1920s but the provenance history is unknown.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

There are several restricted photographs in Series 2: Yoeme (Yaqui). This have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona, Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.103
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-103

Portrait of Hualapai (Walapai) Boys

Collection Photographer:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Collection Owner:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Collection Source:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic Print
Container:
Photo-folder 95
Culture:
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic Prints
Date:
1902
Scope and Contents:
Group portrait of six Hualapai (Walapai) boys standing outdoors in Arizona.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

There are several restricted photographs in Series 2: Yoeme (Yaqui). This have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona, Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.103, Item P00887
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-103-ref835

Portrait of Hualapai (Walapai) Woman

Collection Photographer:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Collection Owner:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Collection Source:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic Print
Container:
Photo-folder 95
Culture:
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic Prints
Date:
1902
Scope and Contents:
Portrait of Hualapai (Walapi) woman sitting in Arizona.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

There are several restricted photographs in Series 2: Yoeme (Yaqui). This have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona, Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.103, Item P00888
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-103-ref836

Portrait of Hualapai (Walapai) Woman

Collection Photographer:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Collection Owner:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Collection Source:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic Print
Container:
Photo-folder 95
Culture:
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic Prints
Date:
1902
Scope and Contents:
Portrait of Hualapai (Walapi) woman sitting in Arizona.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

There are several restricted photographs in Series 2: Yoeme (Yaqui). This have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona, Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.103, Item P00889
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-103-ref837

Portrait of Hualapai (Walapai) Woman

Collection Photographer:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Collection Owner:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Collection Source:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic Print
Container:
Photo-folder 95
Culture:
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic Prints
Date:
1902
Scope and Contents:
Portrait of Hualapai (Walapi) woman sitting in Arizona.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

There are several restricted photographs in Series 2: Yoeme (Yaqui). This have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona, Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.103, Item P00890
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-103-ref838

Portrait of Hualapai (Walapai) Men

Collection Photographer:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Collection Owner:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Collection Source:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic Print
Container:
Photo-folder 96
Culture:
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic Prints
Date:
1902
Scope and Contents:
Portrait of two Hualapai (Walapi) men sitting in Arizona.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

There are several restricted photographs in Series 2: Yoeme (Yaqui). This have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona, Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.103, Item P00891
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-103-ref839

Portrait of Hualapai (Walapai) Man

Collection Photographer:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Collection Owner:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Collection Source:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic Print
Container:
Photo-folder 96
Culture:
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic Prints
Date:
1902
Scope and Contents:
Portrait of Hualapai (Walapi) man sitting in Arizona.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

There are several restricted photographs in Series 2: Yoeme (Yaqui). This have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona, Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.103, Item P00892
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-103-ref840

Portrait of Hualapai (Walapai) Men

Collection Photographer:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Collection Owner:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Collection Source:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic Print
Container:
Photo-folder 96
Culture:
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic Prints
Date:
1902
Scope and Contents:
Portrait of two Hualapai (Walapi) men sitting in Arizona.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

There are several restricted photographs in Series 2: Yoeme (Yaqui). This have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona, Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.103, Item P00893
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-103-ref841

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