This collection includes glass plate and copy negatives taken by Frederick Webb Hodge on a collecting trip to the Havasupai Reservation in the Grand Canyon, Arizona in 1919. Hodge was an archaeologist and collector for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation between 1918 and 1931 most famously leading the Hendricks-Hodge Hawikku excavations between 1917 and 1923.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes 41 glass plate negatives made by Frederick Webb Hodge on a trip to the Havasupai (Coconino) Reservation in 1919. It is likely the trip took place in September of that year following work done by Hodge at Hawikkuh, New Mexico and before he returned to New York City. It is also likely that Jesse Nusbaum accompanied Hodge on this trip and may have shot some (or many) of the photographs himself. Many of the photographs are landscape shots of the Havasu Canyon on the Havasupai (Coconino) reservation which include views of the Havasu Falls, Havasu Creek, Wigleeva rock formation and various rock walls. There are also photographs of people and structures around the Havasupai reservation including several portraits of Havasupai community members, mostly women, holding baskets and posing in the Supai Village. Copy negatives were made of the glass plate negatives during a large photograph conservation project conducted by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in the 1960s.
Arranged by negative number: N05849 - N05889.
Biographical / Historical:
Frederick Hodge (1864-1956) was an editor, anthropologist, archaeologist, and historian born in Plymouth, England to Edwin and Emily (Webb) Hodge. His parents moved to Washington, D.C. when Frederick was seven years old. In Washington, he attended Cambridge College (George Washington University). Hodge was employed by the Smithsonian Institution in 1901 as executive assistant in charge of International Exchanges, but transferred to the Bureau of American Ethnology in 1905, where he worked until February 28, 1918. Hodge was the editor for Edward S. Curtis's monumental series The North American Indian. After leaving the Bureau, he moved to New York City and became editor and assistant director at the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. In 1915, accompanied by the museum's director George Gustav Heye and staff member George H. Pepper, Hodge undertook excavations at the Nacoochee Mound near Helen, Georgia. Hodge then directed the excavations of the ruins of Hawikkuh, near Zuni Pueblo, during the period 1917-23.
He was associated with Columbia University, Hemenway Southwestern Archaeological Expedition, and the U.S. Geological Survey. He was the director of the Southwest Museum of the American Indian in Los Angeles. He served as executive officer at the Smithsonian Institution, chairman of the Committee of Editorial Management and the Committee dealing with the Linguistic Families North of Mexico. He was a member of the Committee on Archaeological Nomenclature, the Committee of Policy, the National Research Council, and the Laboratory of Anthropology, School of American Research, Journal of Physical Anthropology, and the Museum of the American Indian.
Ethnographic material collected by Frederick Webb Hodge on this trip can be found in NMAI's Ethnology collection with catalog numbers 093309 - 093312 (09/3309 - 09/3312).
Donated to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, by Frederick Webb Hodge in 1919.
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Photographs depicting land formations, canyon walls, and personnel and students at the Havasupai Indian school in Cataract Canyon. There are also some images of Havasupai camps, cooking, and baskets.
Cornelia Sophia Ferry (1842-1923) graduated in 1863 from North-Western Female College of Evanston, Illinois. She taught at the Indian school in Cataract Canyon, Arizona, from 1897-1899, and then moved to Washington state.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 95-14
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs of Havasupai in Cataract Canyon held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24 and Photo Lot 90-1.