Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
15 documents - page 1 of 1

Records, 1890-1929

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary  Search this
Uniform title:
North American Wildflowers  Search this
Smithsonian scientific series  Search this
Subject:
Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940  Search this
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Wright, Wilbur 1867-1912  Search this
Wright, Orville 1871-1948  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Administration  Search this
American School of Archaeology in China  Search this
United States Bureau of Biological Survey  Search this
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1911-1912)  Search this
Carnegie Institution of Washington  Search this
Charles D. and Mary Vaux Walcott Research Fund  Search this
Cinchona Botanical Station (Jamaica)  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
George Washington Memorial Association  Search this
Hodgkins Fund  Search this
Kahn Foundation for the Foreign Travel of American Teachers  Search this
Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory  Search this
Naples Zoological Station  Search this
Alfred Duane Pell Collection  Search this
Research Corporatio  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Mount Montezuma Station (Calama, Chile)  Search this
Montezuma Solar Observatory (Calama, Chile)  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
Mount Harqua Hala Station (Arizona)  Search this
Mount Wilson Observatory  Search this
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)  Search this
National Research Council (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics  Search this
United States Department of Agriculture  Search this
Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915 : San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Koren Expedition to Siberia (1914)  Search this
Panama-California Exposition (1915-1916 : San Diego, Calif.)  Search this
Smithsonian African Expedition (1909-1910)  Search this
Physical description:
57.93 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes) (104 document boxes) (2 half document boxes) (1 12x17 box) (oversize materials)
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1890
1890-1929
Topic:
Museums--Administration  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Seismology  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000045
See more items in:
Administrative Records 1835-2016 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Correspondence 1863-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Governmental Relations Records 1907-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Correspondence Registers 1860-1949 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Expedition History 1916-1919 [Collins-Garner Congo Expedition in the Interests of the Smithsonian Institution (1916-1919)]
Expedition History 1919-1920 [Smithsonian-Universal Film Manufacturing Company African Expedition (1919-1920)]
Expedition History 1923-1927 [Freer Gallery of Art Archaeological Expedition to China (1923-1927)]
Expedition History 1911 [Biological Survey of the Canadian Rockies (1911)]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_216655

Harriman Alaska series

Title:
Alaska
Smithsonian Institution
Harriman Alaska series of the Smithsonian Institution
Author:
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Washington Academy of Sciences (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Copyright holder:
Harriman, Edward Henry 1848-1909  Search this
Editor:
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart) 1855-1942  Search this
Contributor:
Burroughs, John 1837-1921  Search this
Muir, John 1838-1914  Search this
Grinnell, George Bird 1849-1938  Search this
Dall, William Healey 1845-1927  Search this
Gilbert, Grove Karl 1843-1918  Search this
Emerson, Benjamin Kendall 1843-1932  Search this
Cardot, Jules b. 1860  Search this
Ashmead, William H (William Harris) 1855-1908  Search this
Rathbun, Mary Jane 1860-1943  Search this
Coe, Wesley R (Wesley Roswell) 1869-1960  Search this
Robertson, A.  Search this
Eisen, G.  Search this
Bush, Katharine J (Katharine Jeannette) 1855-1937  Search this
Nutting, Charles Cleveland 1858-1927  Search this
Verrill, A. E (Addison Emery) 1839-1926  Search this
Curtis, Edward S. 1868-1952  Search this
Publisher:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Subject:
Harriman, Edward Henry 1848-1909  Search this
Physical description:
12 volumes in 13 parts, leaves of plates (some folded) : illustrations (some color), maps ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1910
1914
Topic:
Natural history  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
Q115 .H25X 1910
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1112764

Harriman Alaska series. vol. I-V, VIII-XIV

Author:
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Harriman, Edward Henry 1848-1909  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart) 1855-1942  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Physical description:
12 v. in 13. fronts. (v. 1-5, 8-9) illus., plates (part col.) maps. 27 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1910
1914
1910-1914
Topic:
Natural history  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_319849
Additional Online Media:

Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs

Collector:
Rumsey, Mary Harriman, 1881-1934.  Search this
Names:
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Photographer:
Averell, William H.  Search this
Coe, Wesley R. (Wesley Roswell), 1869-1960  Search this
Cole, Leon J. (Leon Jacob), 1877-1948  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Devereux, W. B.  Search this
Gilbert, Grove Karl, 1843-1918  Search this
Harriman, Edward Henry, 1848-1909  Search this
Keen, Dora, 1871-  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Pillsbury, Arthur C. (Arthur Clarence)  Search this
Ridgway, Robert, 1850-1929  Search this
Artist:
Schreyvogel, Charles, 1861-1912  Search this
Extent:
396 lantern slides
286 Photographic prints
1 Map
Culture:
Suquamish  Search this
Hopi  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Yakutat Tlingit  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Alaskan Eskimo  Search this
Unangan (Aleut)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Lantern slides
Photographic prints
Maps
Place:
British Columbia
Siberia (Russia)
Alaska
Date:
1898-1900
1903
1914
bulk 1899-1899
Summary:
The Mary Harriman Rumsey collection largely consists of photographic prints and lantern slides documenting the Harriman Expedition to Alaska in summer 1899. These depict members of the expedition and Alaskan scenery and people. The collection also includes scenic photographs of Alaska taken by Dora Keen in 1914 and photographs of Blackfeet, Hopi, Apache, and Suquamish Indians made by Edward Curtis in 1900 and 1903.
Scope and Contents:
The bulk of the collection comprises photographic prints, lantern slides, and one map documenting the Harriman Alaska Expedition from May to July of 1899. These photographs were made by members of the expedition, most prominently its official photographer Edward S. Curtis, funder Edward Henry Harriman, and lead scientist C. Hart Merriam. They depict Alaskan scenery, members of the expedition, and Native people and settlements that they encountered. Mary Harriman Rumsey's collection also includes later platinum prints of American Indians made and signed by Curtis (1900, 1903), photographs of glaciers in Alaska by Dora Keen (1914), a photograph of a painting by Charles Schreyvogel (1903), and a photograph of White Pass by Arthur Clarence Pillsbury (1898).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in three series: photographs relating to the Harriman Expedition; photographs of Alaska that were not made on the Harriman Expedition; and other photographs relating to American Indians. The Harriman series is arranged in a rough chronological order.
Biographical / Historical:
Mary Harriman Rumsey (1881-1934) was an important American philanthropist and the oldest child of railroad tycoon Edward Henry Harriman. In 1901, while studying at Barnard College, she co-founded the Junior League for the Promotion of Settlement Movements (later named the Junior League of the City of New York), which facilitated charitable work by privileged women among New York's impoverished groups. Rumsey's efforts lead to the establishment of the Association of Junior Leagues International Inc. in 1921. Additionally, Rumsey co-founded Today magazine with her brother Averell Harriman and others, and in 1933 she chaired the Consumer Advisory Board of the National Recovery Administration.

In 1899, Mary Harriman was among the Harriman family members who accompanied the Harriman Alaska Expedition. Originally planned as a bear-hunting trip for the family, the expedition, was funded by Edward Henry Harriman and organized with the help of ethnographer and naturalist Clinton Hart Merriam. The party of accomplished scientists, naturalists, photographers, artists, and writers cruised from British Columbia to Siberia and back on a private ship, the SS George W. Elder, in June and July of 1899. The scientists' findings were published in the thirteen-volume Harriman Alaska Series, and Harriman also paid the expedition's official photographer, Edward S. Curtis, to compile souvenir albums from the over 5,000 photographs made during the course of the expedition.
Related Materials:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives, University of Washington Special Collections, and Library of Congress have photo albums relating to the Harriman Alaska Expedition. The SI Archives also holds the Harriman Alaska Expedition Collection and photogravure plates from the Harriman Alaska Series.

NMAI holds photogravure plates and proofs made from Edward Curtis's later photographs and Frederick Dellenbaugh's expedition notes in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records. The National Anthropological Archives also holds Curtis photographs and papers.
Separated Materials:
The following materials were also part of Mary Harriman Rumsey's estate, gifted to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in 1934. Where possible, their current locations have been noted.

33 artifacts, most of which were likely collected in Alaska by the Harriman Alaska Expedition, are now housed in the NMAI object collection (catalog numbers 18/6460 - 18/6494)

A set of Harriman Alaska Expedition books, probably now in the Cornell University Libraries

4 phonograph records

A bundle of botanical specimens
Provenance:
This collection was donated as part of the estate of Mary Harriman Rumsey to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in May 1934.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Mary Harriman Rumsey Collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition Photographs, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.053
See more items in:
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-053
Additional Online Media:

New York Zoological Society photographs of Tlingit totem pole and house

Creator:
Sanborn, Elwin R. (Elwin Roswell)  Search this
New York Zoological Society  Search this
Extent:
12 Photographs
Culture:
Tlingit  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
September 23, 1904
Summary:
This collection contains photographs depicting the erection of a Tlingit totem pole and chief's house near the Mammals' Pond at the New York Zoological Society on September 23, 1904.
Scope and Contents:
N37501-N37505, P15989-P15995

This collection contains 7 photographs shot by Elwin R. Sanborn depicting the erection of a Tlingit [Sanya (Cape Fox)] totem pole and chief's house near the Mammals' Pond at the New York Zoological Society (now known as Bronx Zoo) on September 23, 1904 and later in the year. The collection also contains 5 copy negatives made from the original photographs by Museum of the American Indian staff in the late 1960s. E. H. Harriman collected the totem pole and house from an abandoned Tlingit village at Cape Fox, Alaska during the Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899. He then shipped the pieces to Seattle and donated them to the New York Zoological Society for installation at the zoo.
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Dedicated to the study of zoology and preservation of wildlife, New York Zoological Society opened their 265 acre zoo in the Bronx borough of New York City on November 8, 1899. The Society was later renamed the Wildlife Conservation Society and the zoo was renamed the Bronx Zoo.

The Harriman Alaska Expedition studied the Alaskan coast from Seattle to Siberia in June and July 1899. Funded by Union Pacific Railroad President Edward Henry Harriman, the expedition team consisted of prominent scientists, naturalists, photographers, artists, and writers. The expedition findings were published in the thirteen-volume Harriman Alaska Series.
Provenance:
Gift of the New York Zoological Society, 1942.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Totem poles -- Tlingit  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); New York Zoological Society photographs of Tlingit totem pole and house, catalog #, NMAI.AC.204; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.204
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-204
Additional Online Media:

Records

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary  Search this
Extent:
14.6 linear meters.
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1890-1929
Introduction:
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
Descriptive Entry:
This record unit documents the growth and management of the Smithsonian from 1890 to 1929. Of special interest is the Institution's entry into the field of the fine arts through the creation of the National Gallery of Art and the Freer Gallery of Art. The Smithsonian continued to pursue a wide variety of other interests as well. Thus, the records deal with the following topics, among others: aviation; the American School of Archaeology in China; the Carnegie Institution of Washington, D.C.; the Cinchona Botanical Station, Jamaica; many international congresses; numerous national and international expositions, especially the Panama-California Exposition, 1912-1916, and the Panama-Pacific Exposition at San Francisco, 1914-1915; the George Washington Memorial Association; the Harriman Alaska series; the Kahn Foundation for Foreign Travel of American Teachers; the Koren Expedition to Siberia; the Langley-Wright aerodrome controversy; the Montezuma solar observatory at Calama, Chile; solar observations at Mount Harqua Hala, Arizona, and Mount Wilson, California; the Naples Zoological Station; the National Academy of Sciences; the National Research Council; publication of Mary Vaux Walcott's North American Wildflowers; the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone; the Alfred Duane Pell Collection; the Research Corporation; the Roosevelt African Expedition; seismological studies; the Charles D. and Mary Vaux Walcott Research Fund; the Smithsonian Scientific Series; grants from the Hodgkins Fund; the Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory; and the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. The records include correspondence, minutes, announcements, publications, fiscal records, photographs, manuscripts, and news clippings.
Historical Note:
These records document the administration of the Smithsonian Institution during the tenure of Charles D. Walcott, its fourth Secretary, who served from 1907 to 1927. This period gave a deceptive appearance of strength to the Institution's life. Walcott himself, perhaps the last of the nineteenth-century scientist-politicians to combine a distinguished scientific reputation and polished ease in the world of political Washington, lent the Institution considerable support from his wide experience and many friends among the powerful of the day. The Institution's staff also boasted an able corps of scientists and senior administrators. Several new programs were developed during these years--the National Gallery of Art (now the National Museum of American Art) and the Freer Gallery of Art, in particular. These two galleries gave the Smithsonian its first real grounding in fine arts and rounded out the vision of the Institution as a place hospitable to all fields of learning.

Yet with the benefit of hindsight, these accomplishments can be seen to have masked real weakness, described either as the Smithsonian's failure to adapt its perception of itself to the changing world or as a lack of money.

When the Smithsonian was created in 1846 the corpus of its endowment was somewhat more than $500,000.00. It had few rivals elsewhere in the country. However, with the growth of large-scale private philanthropy after the Civil War, the Smithsonian's means shrank steadily in comparison to the endowments of leading institutions like the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale or new entrants like Stanford and the University of Chicago. No doubt this situation developed in part because the Smithsonian had no real alumni. It received a few small gifts from well-to-do members of its own staff and one moderate gift from Thomas George Hodgkins, a naturalized English eccentric. For all else it relied on small appropriations from the federal government, for which it performed certain services such as curating the collections of the National Museum. Coupled with meager financial resources was the Regents' suspicion of new and nonscientific endeavors. It is likely, for instance, that the Regents would have refused Charles Lang Freer's gift of a gallery of oriental art in 1906, had Theodore Roosevelt not obliged them to accept it. In the same way, the gift of certain patents on electrostatic precipitators by Frederic G. Cottrell in 1911 was politely shunted onto other shoulders, leaving the Smithsonian a remote beneficiary of the income. The Smithsonian's aloofness was in sharp contrast to the willingness of other institutions to accept such gifts. How this attitude arose is not clear. Perhaps it was an unconscious extension of Joseph Henry's early determination to associate the Smithsonian's name only with "worthy" purposes. However that may be, the Smithsonian was very late in the field in trying to augment its endowment. Walcott had begun to plan a campaign to raise $10,000,000.00--documented in record unit 46--which collapsed with his untimely death in 1927. Thus the Institution was to enter the era of the Depression in very straitened circumstances.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration.  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 45, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 45
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0045
Additional Online Media:

Folders 20-22 Harriman Alaska Series, correspondence, 1910

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 45, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0045-refd1e2928

Folders 1-2 Harriman Alaska Series, correspondence, 1911, 1914-1917, 1920-1921

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 45, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0045-refd1e2938

Folder 3-7 Harriman Alaska Series, starfish, 1911-1914

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 45, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0045-refd1e2944

Folders 8-10 Harriman Alaska Series, Lord Baltimore Press, 1910-1911

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 45, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0045-refd1e2950

Harriman Alaska Expedition Collection, Photogravure Plates

Creator::
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Extent:
2 cu. ft. (4 document boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Art objects
Date:
circa 1910
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of 76 photogravure plates from the Harriman Alaska Series, a 14-volume publication detailing the Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899. The plates were made from photographs and drawings made during the Expedition. Prominent photographers include C. Hart Merriam and Edward S. Curtis.
Topic:
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Art objects
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 01-014, Harriman Alaska Expedition Collection, Photogravure Plates
Identifier:
Accession 01-014
See more items in:
Harriman Alaska Expedition Collection, Photogravure Plates
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa01-014

The lichens of Alaska / by Clara E. Cummings

Author:
Cummings, Clara Eaton 1855-1906  Search this
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Physical description:
67-149 p., [2] leaves of plates : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1910
1910?]
Topic:
Lichens  Search this
Call number:
QK587.5.A4 C86 1910
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_658715

Harriman Alaska series

Author:
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Harriman, Edward Henry 1848-1909  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart) 1855-1942  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Physical description:
v. illus. 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1972
Topic:
Natural history  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Call number:
Q115 .H25X 1910a
Q115.H25X 1910a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_377884

Alaska ..

Author:
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Harriman, Edward Henry 1848-1909  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart) 1855-1942  Search this
Washington Academy of Sciences (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
11 v. illus., plates (part col.) maps. 26 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1901
1905
1901-1905
Topic:
Natural history  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Call number:
Q115.H2X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_267040

The Discovery and Exploration of Alaska

Author:
Dall, William Healey 1845-1927  Search this
Date:
1902
Topic:
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Publisher:
New York Doubleday, Page & Co
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_3055

Modify Your Search






or


Narrow By