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William Michael Harnett sketchbook

Creator:
Harnett, William Michael, 1848-1892  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
1870
Topic:
Decorative arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)3372
See more items in:
William Harnett sketches, 1870
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_3372

John Frederick Peto and Peto family papers

Creator:
Peto, John Frederick, 1854-1907  Search this
Names:
Frankenstein, Alfred Victor, 1906-  Search this
Harnett, William Michael, 1848-1892  Search this
Smiley, Helen Peto  Search this
Extent:
2.1 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
1850-1983
Summary:
The papers of still life artist John Frederick Peto and his family date from circa 1850 to 1983 and measure 2.1 linear feet. Within the papers are scattered biographical materials, a few letters to and from Peto, and his daughter Helen Peto Smiley's correspondence with galleries, scholars, and others concerning Peto's artwork. Also found are news clippings, exhibition catalogs, and other printed material, photographs and glass plate negatives of Peto, his family, and his artwork, and one small oil sketch fragment. Much of the collection documents the mid-twentieth century renewed interest in Peto's artwork.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of still life artist John Frederick Peto and his family date from circa 1850 to 1983 and measure 2.1 linear feet. Within the papers are scattered biographical materials, including his marriage certificate, a memorial poem written by Samuel Callan, Helen Peto Smiley's notes about her father's artwork, and other brief writings about Peto and trompe-l'oeil painting. Correspondence includes a few letters to and from Peto, his daughter Helen Peto Smiley's correspondence with galleries, scholars, such as art critic Alfred Frankenstein, and others concerning Peto's artwork, and miscellaneous correspondence. Printed material consists of news clippings about Peto, his family, and fellow artist William Harnett, exhibition catalogs, reproductions of artwork, and other items. Photographs and glass plate negatives depict Peto in his studio, with family, and with Harnett, as well as his family, his home and studio in Island Heights, New Jersey, and his artwork. Also found is one small fragment of an oil sketch, unsigned and undated.

Much of the collection, including Helen Peto's notes and correspondence, the printed material, and photographs of artwork document the mid-twentieth century renewed interest in Peto's artwork.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 5 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1870s-1983 (Box 1, OV 5; 9 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1862-1983 (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1880-1983 (Box 1, OV 5; 11 folders)

Series 4: Photographs, circa 1850-1980 (Box 2-7, OV 5; 1.3 linear feet)

Series 5: Artwork, circa late 1800s (Box 4; 1 folder)
Biographical Note:
John Frederick Peto (1854-1907) was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Thomas Hope Peto and Catherine Peto. He was raised by his mother's family, the Hamms, and lived with them until his marriage. Little is known about his early life; he was listed as a painter in the Philadelphia City Directory in 1876 and was enrolled in the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1878. During this time he also became friends with fellow artist William Harnett and was greatly influenced by Harnett's trompe l'oeil still life paintings. During the 1880s Peto maintained a studio and exhibited several works at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts annual exhibition. Like Harnett, he painted trompe l'oeil still life paintings, most notably, rack-looking structures or shelves that depicted a variety of items, many of them autobiographical. Peto also lived briefly in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he met Christine Pearl Smith, and they were married in 1889. He received very little recognition for his paintings in Philadelphia, and in 1889 he and his wife moved to Island Heights, New Jersey so that he could make money playing the cornet at religious revivals held there. In 1893 they had a daughter Helen. Though he lost interest in the professional art world and fell into obscurity, Peto continued painting and sold many works to the local drug store and business people, until his death in 1907.

Recognition of Peto's contribution to the trompe l'oeil genre didn't occur until over forty years after his death. During research on the paintings of William Harnett, art critic Alfred Frankenstein discovered that numerous paintings thought to be painted by Harnett had forged signatures and were actually painted by Peto. Frankenstein published an article in the Art Bulletin in 1949 about his discoveries that renewed interest in the work of Peto and the trompe l'oeil genre.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 2004 by Gregory Bejarano, John Frederick Peto's great-grandson.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.
Rights:
The John Frederick Peto and Peto family papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Trompe l'oeil painting  Search this
Painters -- New Jersey  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
John Frederick Peto and Peto family papers, circa 1850-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.petojohn
See more items in:
John Frederick Peto and Peto family papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-petojohn
Additional Online Media:

William Harnett sketches, 1870

Creator:
Harnett, William Michael, 1848-1892  Search this
Subject:
Frankenstein, Alfred Victor  Search this
Topic:
Sketches  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7662
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209825
AAA_collcode_harnwill
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Audio - Visual
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209825

Alfred Victor Frankenstein papers

Creator:
Frankenstein, Alfred V. (Alfred Victor), 1906-1981  Search this
Names:
American Arts Alliance  Search this
California Palace of the Legion of Honor  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
San Francisco Chronicle (Firm)  Search this
Copley, John Singleton, 1738-1815  Search this
Decker, Joseph, 1853-1924  Search this
Haberle, John, 1856-1933  Search this
Harnett, William Michael, 1848-1892  Search this
Ives, Charles, 1874-1954  Search this
Jenkins, Paul, 1923-2012  Search this
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton, 1890-1973  Search this
Mount, William Sidney, 1807-1868  Search this
Murdock, Roland P.  Search this
Peto, John Frederick, 1854-1907  Search this
Extent:
19.1 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Date:
1875-1985
Summary:
The papers of art critic and historian Alfred Victor Frankenstein measure 19.1 linear feet and date from 1875 to 1985. The bulk of the collection consists of Frankenstein's research and writing files on American painting, particularly artists working in the nineteenth-century. There are extensive files on artists John Haberle, William Michael Harnett, and William Sidney Mount. The collection also includes biographical material, correspondence, general writings and notes, professional activities files, personal business records, printed materials, photographs, and unidentified sound recordings.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of art critic and historian Alfred Victor Frankenstein measure 19.1 linear feet and date from 1875 to 1985. The bulk of the collection consists of Frankenstein's research and writing files on American painting, particularly artists working in the nineteenth-century. There are extensive files on artists John Haberle, William Michael Harnett, and William Sidney Mount. The collection also includes biographical material, correspondence, general writings and notes, professional activities files, personal business records, printed materials, photographs, and unidentified sound recordings.

Biographical materials include awards, museum passes from the 1970s, school records, and a scrapbook documenting Frankenstein's career at the San Francisco Chronicle. Also found is his father's medical school diploma.

Largely professional in nature, Frankenstein's correspondence is with galleries, museums and institutions, colleges and universities, as well as art historians and museum colleagues including Paul Jenkins, Stanton MacDonald-Wright, and Thomas E. Ripley.

General writings are on subjects such as music, art, California, and the Ronald P. Murdock art collection. It is likely that some writings may be drafts for articles that later appeared in the San Francisco Chronicle. Also found are three notebooks, a recorded interview, recorded lectures by Frankenstein and by others.

The bulk of the collection consists of Frankenstein's extensive research files on American sill-life painting in the nineteenth-century. Research topics focus primarily on artists John Haberle (including sketches by Haberle), William Michael Harnett, William Sidney Mount, and John Frederick Peto; however, some files are found for collectors, dealers, and subjects. Files are found both for the research and writing of Frankenstein's books, After the Hunt (1953) and The World of Copley: 1738-1815 (1970). Contents of the research files vary but many contain correspondence, photographs, notes and writings, provenance research, printed materials, and photocopied and original primary documents. Additional research files are also found in Series 5, Exhibition Files.

Files concerning exhibitions curated or organized by Frankenstein include Artist Self-Portraits (1974) at the National Gallery of Art, an exhibition at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor, and the World's Fair Exposition exhibition, Our Land, Our Sky Our Water: an Exhibition of American and Canadian Art (1974). Files contain loan agreements, gallery plans, photographs, writings, correspondence, and printed materials.

Frankenstein's professional activities files include material about his job as a music critic at the San Francisco Chronicle, and records documenting his participation in the American Arts Alliance and the San Francisco Arts Commission. Also found are scattered student writings, lecture notes, and some correspondence from his teaching position at the University of California, Berkeley.

An appraisal for a Joseph Decker work, the estate records of Sylvia Frankenstein, general receipts for purchases and shipping records, and vehicle ownership records comprise Frankenstein's personal business records.

Printed materials include clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, magazines, and blank postcards. Also found are eight commercial audio recordings, including a musical piece by Charles Ives on cassette, and six phonograph records that are likely of music. A cassette entitled "Heritage of American Art" may be from an exhibition of the same title held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City in 1975. Personal photographs include snapshots of Frankenstein with his family and portraits of him, as well as a photocopy of a family photo album. The bulk of the photographs are of artwork.

There are six unidentified sound recordings.
Biographical / Historical:
Alfred Victor Frankenstein (1906-1981) was an art historian, writer, art and music critic, and educator active in San Francisco, California.

Frankenstein was born in 1906 in Chicago, Illinois. He studied at the University of Chicago but moved to San Francisco to take a job as a music critic for the San Francisco Chronicle . Later, the position expanded to include critiques of visual art and art exhibitions. He remained at the San Francisco Chronicle until 1979, concentrating only on art from 1965.

He was an expert on 19th century American still-life and his notable book, After The Hunt (1953), examined the American trompe-l'œil movement in late 19th century and early 20th-century through the work of painters William Harnett and John Frederick Peto. He also authored The World of Copley: 1738-1815 in 1970. Frankenstein curated several major exhibitions, including American Self-Portraits (1974) at the National Portrait Gallery and the 1974 World's Fair Exposition exhibition, Our Land, Our Sky Our Water: an Exhibition of American and Canadian Art..

An educator, Frankenstein was a professor of Art History at the University of California at Berkeley (1940-1974), Stanford University (1973-1981), and at Mills College (1945-1974), where he also taught American music.
Related Materials:
Also found among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are two oral histories with Alfred Frankenstein, one conducted by Mary McChesney on November 9th, 1965 and the other conducted by Paul Karlstrom from 1978 to 1979. Additionally, Frankenstein donated one sketchbook and twelve loose sketches that are cataloged as a separate collection: the William Harnett sketches, 1870.
Provenance:
Alfred Frankenstein donated some of his papers in 1972, and lent materials for microfilming in 1978. His estate, handled by his son John Frankenstein, donated the materials original loaned as well as additional records in 1981.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Alfred Victor Frankenstein papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Art critics -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art historians -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Alfred Victor Frankenstein papers, 1875-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.franalfr
See more items in:
Alfred Victor Frankenstein papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-franalfr
Additional Online Media:

(No Title Given: Still Life of Cut Peach and Flies [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1877
Topic:
Still Life--Fruit--Peach  Search this
Animal--Insect--Fly  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0011874
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_11874

William Michael Harnett: artist file, [photographs]

Artist:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Artist files
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Image number:
VFM VF001343
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_139777

(No Title Given: Still Life of a Pipe) [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1877
Topic:
Still Life--Other--Smoking Material  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0031133
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_31134

(No Title Given: Still Life with Books, Letter and Quill Pen) [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Still Life--Other--Writing Tool  Search this
Still Life--Written Matter--Book  Search this
Still Life--Written Matter--Letter  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0120659
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_120660

"Nature-vivre" by William M. Harnett : exhibition of paintings April 18 to May 6, 1939 / the Downtown Gallery

Author:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Downtown Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Physical description:
[16] p. : ill. ; 20 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1939
[1939?]
Call number:
ND237.H315 A4 1939
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_772652

Harnett : centennial exhibition : April 13 to May 1, 1948

Author:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Gardner, Elizabeth Ellsworth  Search this
Downtown Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Physical description:
[6] p. : port. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1948
[1948]
Call number:
ND237.H315 A4 1948
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_776607

Still Life, (painting)

Painter:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Sotheby Parke Bernet New York New York
Date:
1878
Topic:
Still Life  Search this
Control number:
IAP 61518792
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_100740

An Evening's Comfort, (painting)

Painter:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Sotheby Parke Bernet New York New York
Date:
1888
Topic:
Still Life  Search this
Control number:
IAP 61518815
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_100762

Key of Color, (painting)

Painter:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1871
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Control number:
IAP 62640796
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_114953

Still Life with Blue Tobacco Box, (painting)

Painter:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1878
Topic:
Still Life--Trompe L'Oeil  Search this
Control number:
IAP 62640883
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_115038

Glass Object on a Table Top, (painting)

Painter:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
Oct. 1874
Topic:
Still Life  Search this
Control number:
IAP 62641625
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_115778

Still Life: the Smoker's Companions, (painting)

Painter:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1878
Topic:
Still Life--Trompe L'Oeil  Search this
Control number:
IAP 62641807
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_115960

Still Life with Fruit and Claret, (painting)

Painter:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1881
Topic:
Still Life--Fruit  Search this
Control number:
IAP 62642137
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_116290

Still Life with Fruit & Jar, (painting)

Painter:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1881
Topic:
Still Life--Fruit  Search this
Control number:
IAP 63000924
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_118766

The Philadelphia Ledger, (painting)

Painter:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1878
Topic:
Still Life--Trompe L'Oeil  Search this
Control number:
IAP 63001329
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_119170

Key of Color, (painting)

Painter:
Harnett, William Michael 1848-1892  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Date:
June 1871
Topic:
Undetermined  Search this
Control number:
IAP 63130067
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_124409

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